keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Measurement and "physical activity"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431343/measurement-of-physical-activity-levels-in-the-intensive-care-unit-and-functional-outcomes-an-observational-study
#1
Lisa J Beach, Kate Fetterplace, Lara Edbrooke, Selina M Parry, Rachel Curtis, Thomas Rechnitzer, Sue Berney, Linda Denehy
PURPOSE: Primary aims were: (1) objectively quantify levels of physical activity with the sensewear armband mini-fly motion sensor (SWA-MF), (2) evaluate the correlation of SWA-MF measurement of active and resting energy expenditure against the ICU Mobility scale (IMS) and indirect calorimetry respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adults mechanically ventilated ≥48h and anticipated to remain in ICU≥5days were included. Physical activity (PA) was measured using a SWA-MF (over the first five days); energy expenditure was measured with both the SWA-MF and the Deltatrac II metabolic cart on day three; highest level of mobility was assessed on the IMS...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430902/risk-for-hypertension-crosses-generations-in-the-community-a-multi-generational-cohort-study
#2
Teemu J Niiranen, Elizabeth L McCabe, Martin G Larson, Mir Henglin, Neal K Lakdawala, Ramachandran S Vasan, Susan Cheng
Aims: Parental hypertension is known to predict high blood pressure (BP) in children. However, the extent to which risk for hypertension is conferred across multiple generations, notwithstanding the impact of environmental factors, is unclear. Our objective was therefore to evaluate the degree to which risk for hypertension extends across multiple generations of individuals in the community. Methods and results: We studied three generations of Framingham Heart Study participants with standardized blood pressure measurements performed at serial examinations spanning 5 decades (1948 through 2005): First Generation (n = 1809), Second Generation (n = 2631), and Third Generation (n = 3608, mean age 39 years, 53% women)...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428836/muscle-function-and-fatigability-of-trunk-flexors-in-males-and-females
#3
Rita E Deering, Jonathon W Senefeld, Tatyana Pashibin, Donald A Neumann, Sandra K Hunter
BACKGROUND: Optimal function of the abdominal muscles is necessary for several life functions including lifting and carrying tasks. Sex differences in strength and fatigability are established for many limb muscles and back extensor muscles, but it is unknown if sex differences exist for the abdominal muscles despite their functional importance. METHODS: Eighteen females (24.3 ± 4.8 years) and 15 males (24.1 ± 6.6 years) performed (1) isometric trunk flexion maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) in a range of trunk positions to establish a torque-angle curve and (2) submaximal (50% MVC), intermittent isometric contraction (6 s on, 4 s off) until task failure to determine fatigability of the trunk flexor muscles...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428669/risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#4
Radojka Bijelic, Snjezana Milicevic, Jagoda Balaban
INTRODUCTION: Scientific studies show that many factors related to lifestyles affect the reduction of bone mineral density and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. GOAL: The goal of this study was to determine whether smoking, drinking coffee and alcohol in menopausal women contribute to the reduction of bone mass and osteoporosis, as well as the impact of physical activity on bone mass. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out as case study and matched controls...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427925/effect-of-home-and-community-based-physical-activity-interventions-on-physical-function-among-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Maria C Swartz, Zakkoyya H Lewis, Elizabeth J Lyons, Kristofer Jennings, Addie Middleton, Rachel R Deer, Demi Arnold, Kaitlin Dresser, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed randomized trials to examine the effect of home and community-based physical activity interventions on physical functioning among cancer survivors based on the most prevalent physical function measures. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases-Medline Ovid, Pubmed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and PsychINFO-were searched from inception to March 2016 for relevant articles. STUDY SELECTION: Search terms included: community-based interventions, physical functioning, and cancer survivors...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427790/exercise-and-ckd-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-and-practical-application-of-exercise-to-prevent-and-treat-physical-impairments-in-ckd
#7
Baback Roshanravan, Jorge Gamboa, Kenneth Wilund
Patients with chronic kidney disease experience substantial loss of muscle mass, weakness, and poor physical performance. As kidney disease progresses, skeletal muscle dysfunction forms a common pathway for mobility limitation, loss of functional independence, and vulnerability to disease complications. Screening for those at high risk for mobility disability by self-reported and objective measures of function is an essential first step in developing an interdisciplinary approach to treatment that includes rehabilitative therapies and counseling on physical activity...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427547/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-st-george-s-respiratory-questionnaire-in-patients-with-severe-asthma
#8
Linda M Nelsen, Miriam Kimel, Lindsey T Murray, Hector Ortega, Sarah M Cockle, Steven W Yancey, Guy Brusselle, Frank C Albers, Paul W Jones
PURPOSE: Content validity is the extent to which a patient-reported outcome measure evaluates the concepts most relevant to a patient's condition and treatment. The St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) has been validated in a range of respiratory conditions. This study evaluated the content validity of the SGRQ in patients with severe asthma. METHODS: A qualitative study, guided by a protocol, which included concept elicitation and cognitive debriefing of the SGRQ, was conducted in patients aged ≥18 years with history of severe asthma and blood eosinophil counts of ≥150/μL (past month) or ≥300/μL (past 12 months)...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427462/within-person-associations-of-young-adolescents-physical-activity-across-five-primary-locations-is-there-evidence-of-cross-location-compensation
#9
Jordan A Carlson, Tarrah B Mitchell, Brian E Saelens, Vincent S Staggs, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence D Frank, Jasper Schipperijn, Terry L Conway, Karen Glanz, Jim E Chapman, Kelli L Cain, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: Youth are active in multiple locations, but it is unknown whether more physical activity in one location is associated with less in other locations. This cross-sectional study examines whether on days with more physical activity in a given location, relative to their typical activity in that location, youth had less activity in other locations (i.e., within-person associations/compensation). METHODS: Participants were 528 adolescents, ages 12 to 16 (M = 14...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427441/physical-activity-among-children-objective-measurements-using-fitbit-one-%C3%A2-and-actigraph
#10
Lotta Hamari, Tiina Kullberg, Jukka Ruohonen, Olli J Heinonen, Natalia Díaz-Rodríguez, Johan Lilius, Anni Pakarinen, Annukka Myllymäki, Ville Leppänen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: Self-quantification of health parameters is becoming more popular; thus, the validity of the devices requires assessments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of Fitbit One step counts (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) against Actigraph wActisleep-BT step counts (ActiGraph, LLC, Pensacola, FL, USA) for measuring habitual physical activity among children. DESIGN: The study was implemented as a cross-sectional experimental design in which participants carried two waist-worn activity monitors for five consecutive days...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426779/reference-standards-for-lean-mass-measures-using-ge-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-caucasian-adults
#11
Mary T Imboden, Ann M Swartz, Holmes W Finch, Matthew P Harber, Leonard A Kaminsky
OBJECTIVE: To develop reference values by age and sex for LM measures using GE-Healthcare DXA systems. METHODS: A de-identified sample was obtained from Ball State University's Clinical Exercise Physiology Laboratory and University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Physical Activity & Health Research Laboratory. DXA scans of 2,076 women and 1,251 men were completed using a GE Lunar Prodigy or iDXA. Percentiles (%ile) were calculated for all variables of interest (LM, LMI, %LM, and ALMI) and a factorial ANOVA was used to assess differences for each variable between 10-year age groups and sex, as well as the interaction between age and sex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426509/log-transformed-emg-amplitude-power-output-relationship-single-leg-knee-extensor-versus-single-leg-cycle-ergometry
#12
Eric B Noble, Joshua M Pilarski, Harshal K Vora, Jorge M Zuniga, Moh H Malek
Comparing and contrasting motor unit recruitment and activation for the same muscles for multiple versus single-joint exercise may provide a better understanding of neuromuscular fatigue. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to compare the slope and y-intercept terms for the three superficial quadriceps femoris (vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, and vastus medialis) muscles derived from the log-transformed EMG amplitude-power output relationship between the single-leg knee-extensor ergometry and the single-leg cycle ergometry...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425231/the-relationship-between-physical-fitness-and-falling-risk-and-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-with-different-physical-activity-levels
#13
Mehmet Duray, Arzu Genç
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this research was to determine the effects of physical activity level (PAL) and physical fitness on falling parameters in community-dwelling elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six elderly people were grouped as low PAL group (group 1, n: 38) and high PAL (group 2, n: 38) according to their PAL scores. PAL was measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly and muscle strength, muscle endurance, aerobic endurance, and flexibility tests were applied; body mass index (BMI) was calculated for physical fitness measurement...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425230/attitudes-wishes-and-needs-of-diabetes-patients-and-their-relatives-turkish-data-from-the-dawn2-study
#14
İlhan Tarkun, Suzan Dumanli Özgöksu
BACKGROUND/AIM: The DAWN2 (Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes, and Needs) study was conducted in order to ascertain the wishes, needs, and attitudes of diabetes patients, their relatives, and healthcare professionals. The study was conducted across 17 countries, including Turkey, and its objective was to introduce policies that could successfully meet these requirements. In this article, the needs, wishes, and attitudes of diabetes patients and their relatives in Turkey are compared with those from other countries...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424548/decreased-levels-of-irisin-a-skeletal-muscle-cell-derived-myokine-are-related-to-emphysema-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Yukari Sugiyama, Kazuhisa Asai, Kazuhiro Yamada, Yuko Kureya, Naoki Ijiri, Tetsuya Watanabe, Hiroshi Kanazawa, Kazuto Hirata
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking-induced oxidant-antioxidant imbalance is a factor that contributes to the pathogenesis of COPD through epithelial cell apoptosis. Irisin is a skeletal muscle cell-derived myokine associated with physical activity. Irisin is also known to decrease oxidant-induced apoptosis in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, the correlation between irisin and emphysema in COPD and its role in epithelial cell apoptosis remains unknown. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with COPD were enrolled in this study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424468/effect-of-handgrip-on-coronary-artery-disease-and-myocardial-infarction-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#16
Lin Xu, Yuan Tao Hao
Observational studies have reported an association of handgrip strength with risk of cardiovascular disease. However, residual confounding and reverse causation may have influenced these findings. A Mendelian randomization (MR) study was conducted to examine whether handgrip is causally associated with cardiovascular disease. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3121278 and rs752045, were used as the genetic instruments for handgrip. The effect of each SNP on coronary artery disease/myocardial infarction (CAD/MI) was weighted by its effect on handgrip strength, and estimates were pooled to provide a summary measure for the effect of increased handgrip on risk of CAD/MI...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424381/-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-executive-functions-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Martina Miklós, Judit Futó, Judit Balázs
The connection between physical activity and executive functions has recently started to emerge as a new focus of research within the field of attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD). In the present paper we summarise the major findings of these studies concentrating specifically on paediatric population. We present the results of six studies that focus on the connection between acute physical activity and executive functions and seven others that examine the relationship between chronic physical activity and executive functions in children with ADHD...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422609/isotemporal-analysis-of-the-association-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-with-depressive-symptoms-results-from-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#18
Chad D Rethorst, Ashley E Moncrieft, Marc D Gellman, Elva M Arredondo, Christina Buelna, Shelia F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Unab I Khan, Krista M Perreira, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Mark Stoutenberg
BACKGROUND: The burden of depression among Hispanics/Latinos indicates the need to identify factors related to depressive symptoms. This paper examines the relationship of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with depressive symptoms in Hispanic/Latinos. METHODS: The Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) is a population-based, cohort study of Hispanic/Latinos in four United States metropolitan areas. Objectively measured PA was coded into: sedentary behavior (SB), light-intensity (LPA), moderate-intensity (MPA), and vigorous-intensity (VPA); and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale-10 assessed depressive symptoms...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422605/time-to-first-cigarette-physical-activity-and-pulmonary-function-in-middle-aged-to-older-adult-smokers
#19
Russell T Nye, Melissa Mercincavage, Steven A Branstette
BACKGROUND: How addiction severity relates to physical activity (PA), and if PA moderates the relation between PA and lung function among smokers is unknown. This study explored the independent and interactive associations of nicotine addiction severity and PA with lung function. METHODS: The study utilized cross-sectional data from 343 adult smokers aged 40-79 participating in the 2009-10 and 2011-12 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Assessed were the independent relations of nicotine addiction severity, as measured by the time to first cigarette (TTFC), and average daily minutes of moderate and vigorous PA with lung function ratio (FEV1/FVC)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422585/validation-of-the-ipaq-against-different-accelerometer-cut-points-in-older-cancer-survivors-and-adults-at-risk-of-cancer
#20
Liane S Lewis, James Hernon, Allan Clark, John M Saxton
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the convergent validity of an interview-administered IPAQ long version (IPAQ-L) in an older population by comparison with objective accelerometry movement data. METHODS: Data from 52 participants (mean age 67.9 years, 62% male) were included in the analysis. Treadmill derived (TM-ACC: 1952-5724 cpm) and free-living physical activity (PA) derived (FL-ACC: 760-5724 cpm) accelerometer cut-points were used as criterion. RESULTS: IPAQ-L measures (total PA, leisure-time, walking-time, sedentary time) were significantly correlated with accelerometry (P≤0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
keyword
keyword
54012
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"