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Measurement and "physical activity"

Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Kelly Aparecida da Cunha, Wellington Segheto, Vanessa Guimarães Reis, France Araújo Coelho, Sílvia Helena O Morais, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Giana Zarbato Longo
INTRODUCTION: The identification of risk or protective behavioral patterns associated with abdominal adiposity may aid in prevention and health promotion measures. OBJECTIVE: To identify and to associate behavioral patterns of risk and protection to abdominal adiposity in adults in a Brazilian city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil, with 1,226 adults of both sexes. Information on social-demographic characteristics, food intake, level of physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking were collected by using a questionnaire...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alonso Hormazábal-Peralta, Javier Espinoza, Pablo Cáceres, Pablo A Lizana
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) has been shown to have multiple health and wellness benefits, but there is no such information for adolescents with high intellectual ability (HIA). Thus, the aim of this study is to assess body composition and PA in HIA Chilean adolescents. METHODS: Weight and body composition were measured by bioelectrical impedance in 73 adolescents (39 female) aged 14-18 years from the Valparaíso region of Chile. HIA was assessed via Raven's Progressive Matrices (> 75th percentile) and PA, via questionnaire...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Suzanne Oparil, Maria Czarina Acelajado, George L Bakris, Dan R Berlowitz, Renata Cífková, Anna F Dominiczak, Guido Grassi, Jens Jordan, Neil R Poulter, Anthony Rodgers, Paul K Whelton
Systemic arterial hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for all-cause morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fewer than half of those with hypertension are aware of their condition, and many others are aware but not treated or inadequately treated, although successful treatment of hypertension reduces the global burden of disease and mortality. The aetiology of hypertension involves the complex interplay of environmental and pathophysiological factors that affect multiple systems, as well as genetic predisposition...
March 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
Piotr J Kruk, Michał Nowicki
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is widely recommended for patients with arterial hypertension as an essential component of lifestyle modification. Much less is known about the impact of physical exercise on the management of treatment of resistant hypertension (RH). The aim was to assess the effect of physical activity program intensified by mobile phone text reminders on blood pressure control in subjects with RH managed in the primary care. METHODS: In total, 53 patients with primary hypertension were qualified, including 27 who met the criteria for RH and 26 with well-controlled hypertension (WCH)...
March 22, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
M Heinemann, S G Welker, F G Holz, R P Finger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) impacts age-related diseases but its measurement is difficult. The acceptance of wrist-worn accelerometers (ACC) in older patients with eye diseases was evaluated and the results were compared with a validated activity questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 50 patients underwent a clinical examination and were interviewed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). They then wore an ACC for 7 days and then for 30 days...
March 21, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Elena D Koch, Heike Tost, Urs Braun, Gabriela Gan, Marco Giurgiu, Iris Reinhard, Alexander Zipf, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Markus Reichert
Physical activity is known to preserve both physical and mental health. However, the physical activity levels of a large proportion of adolescents are insufficient. This is critical, since physical activity levels in youth have been shown to translate into adulthood. Whereas in adult populations, mood has been supposed to be one important psychological factor that drives physical activity in everyday life, this issue has been poorly studied in adolescent populations. Ambulatory Assessment is the state-of-the-art approach to investigate how mood and non-exercise activity fluctuate within persons in everyday life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Noritoshi Fukushima, Makiko Kitabayashi, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Sasai, Koichiro Oka, Yoshio Nakata, Shigeho Tanaka, And Shigeru Inoue
OBJECTIVE: The times spent in sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are independently associated with health outcomes; however, objective data on physical activity levels including SB among different occupations is limited. We compared accelerometer-measured times spent in SB, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and MVPA, and the patterns associated with prolonged bouts of SB between white- and blue-collar workers. METHODS: The study population consisted of 102 full-time plant workers (54 white-collar and 48 blue-collar) who wore a triaxial accelerometer during waking hours for 5 working days...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Magda Cepeda, Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Henning Tiemeier, Mònica Guxens, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) have seasonal patterns. It remains unclear how these patterns are associated with sleep, meteorological factors, and health. METHODS: Activity levels were continuously measured with an accelerometer for seven days between July 2011 and May 2016, among middle-aged (50-64 years), young-elderly (65-74 years) and old-elderly (≥75 years) participants of a population-based Dutch cohort study (n = 1116)...
April 2018: Maturitas
D Dumuid, L K Lewis, T S Olds, C Maher, C Bondarenko, L Norton
OBJECTIVE: Older adults' health has been linked with time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and recent studies suggest time in sedentary behaviour may also be important. Time-use behaviours (MVPA, light physical activity, sedentary time and sleep) are co-dependent, and therefore their associations with health should be examined in an integrated manner. This is the first study to investigate the relationship between older adults' reallocation of time among these time-use behaviours and markers of cardio-respiratory fitness, obesity and cardio-metabolic risk...
April 2018: Maturitas
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, M Cindy Mervin, Brian Draper
OBJECTIVES: The robotic seal, PARO, has been used as an alternative to animal-assisted therapies with residents with dementia in long-term care, yet understanding of its efficacy is limited by a paucity of research. We explored the effects of PARO on motor activity and sleep patterns, as measured by a wearable triaxial accelerometer. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial, involving 28 facilities in Queensland, Australia. Nine facilities were randomised to the PARO group (individual, non-facilitated, 15-min sessions three afternoons per week for 10 weeks), 10 to a plush toy (PARO with robotic features disabled) and nine to usual care...
April 2018: Maturitas
Jessica McNeil, Megan S Farris, Yibing Ruan, Heather Merry, Brigid M Lynch, Charles E Matthews, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has emerged as an important lifestyle factor for primary prevention of numerous diseases, including postmenopausal breast cancer. No study to date has assessed the acute and long-term effects of year-long aerobic exercise programs differing in prescribed exercise volume on physical activity and sedentary time in postmenopausal women. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effects of two moderate-vigorous intensity exercise doses on total, light and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity times, and sedentary time in postmenopausal women during the year-long intervention and one year later...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Samantha G Farris, Angelo M DiBello, Erika Litvin Bloom, Ana M Abrantes
INTRODUCTION: The Smoking and Weight Eating Episodes Test (SWEET; Adams et al. 2011) is a self-report measure designed to assess multiple reasons why and when smokers use cigarettes for appetite, weight, and shape management, that was initially developed and validated in young female smokers. PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the SWEET measure among both male and female daily cigarette smokers...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Lydia Chan, Harry McNaughton, Mark Weatherall
Objective: We aimed to estimate the level of physical activity undertaken by health care professionals and the proportion that achieved a daily target of 10,000 steps. Design: This was a prospective cohort study. Setting: Participants were recruited in Wellington Regional Hospital, a tertiary hospital in New Zealand. Participants: Neurology, Cardiology, and Endocrinology staff were invited to participate. Main outcome measures: Pedometer-measured step counts were recorded over seven days and the proportion that achieved a daily target of 10,000 steps was calculated...
January 2018: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
Jennifer L Reed, Christie A Cole, Madeleine C Ziss, Heather E Tulloch, Jennifer Brunet, Heather Sherrard, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe
A disconcerting proportion of Canadian nurses are physically inactive and report poor cardiovascular health. Web-based interventions incorporating feedback and group features may represent opportune, convenient, and cost-effective methods for encouraging physical activity (PA) in order to improve the levels of PA and cardiovascular health of nurses. The purpose of this parallel-group randomized trial was to examine the impact of an intervention providing participants with feedback from an activity monitor coupled with a web-based individual, friend or team PA challenge, on the PA and cardiovascular health of nurses working in a cardiovascular setting...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In addition to weight-loss, healthy dietary patterns and lower sodium intakes can help reduce blood pressure (BP), but individualised dietary advice may be necessary to achieve these effects. This study aimed to examine the impact of individualised dietary advice on BP in the intensive phase of a weight-loss trial. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of baseline and 3-month data from the HealthTrack randomised controlled trial (n = 211)...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Melinda White, Liane Lockwood, Andrew Hallahan, Peter S W Davies
AIM: To describe the body composition, dietary intake and physical activity and of paediatric, adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and examine the factors that impact body composition after treatment. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 74 subjects who were at least three years post treatment. Measurements included anthropometry, whole body potassium counting, air displacement plethysmography, and three day physical activity and diet diaries...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Lise Juul, Gill Rowlands, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
AIMS: To investigate associations between health literacy (HL) and diet and physical activity, and motivation and diet and physical activity in Danish people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional design including 194 individuals with type 2 diabetes participating in peer-led support groups provided by the Danish Diabetes Association between January-December 2015. The participants completed a questionnaire at the first meeting including; The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) measure, The Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ) (Self-Determination Theory) measuring type of motivation, and two HL scales: The HLS-EU-Q16, and the Diabetes Health Literacy scale (Ishikawa, H)...
March 17, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
Andreas Gösele-Koppenburg
Chronic compartment syndromes are a rare, but frequently overlooked cause of pain in the locomotor system. Their aetiology is still not fully elucidated. There is an imbalance of muscle volume and space in the compartment. Thickening of the fascia and decreased elasticity lead to a pathological increase in pressure in the compartment under load. Chronic compartment syndromes are found in the foot, lower leg, thigh, forearm, hand, and even the spine. Bilateral compartment syndromes are very common (80 %). The main symptoms are pain in the compartment under physical activity...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Hanan A Alfawaz, Kaiser Wani, Abdullah M Alnaami, Yousef Al-Saleh, Naji J Aljohani, Omar S Al-Attas, Majed S Alokail, Sudhesh Kumar, Nasser M Al-Daghri
This three-arm, randomized, controlled study aimed to determine the differences in the effects of general advice (GA) on lifestyle change, intensive lifestyle modification programme (ILMP) and GA + metformin (GA + Met) in reducing the prevalence of full metabolic syndrome (MetS) in subjects with prediabetes; 294 Saudis with prediabetes (fasting glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/L) were initially randomized, 263 completed 6 months and 237 completed 12 months. They were allocated into three groups: GA group which received a standard lifestyle change education; ILMP which followed a rigorous lifestyle modification support on diet and physical activity; and a GA + Met group...
March 20, 2018: Nutrients
Sean P Riley, Vincent Tafuto, Mark Cote, Jean-Michel Brismée, Alexis Wright, Chad Cook
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) the test-retest reliability of Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) Work (FABQW) subscale, FABQ Physical Activity (FABQPA) subscale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) Pain subscale, SPADI Disability subscale, and Numeric Pain Rating scale (NPRS); and 2) the relationship between the FABQPA, FABQW, SPADI pain, SPADI disability, and NPRS after 4 weeks of pragmatically applied physical therapy (PT) in patients with shoulder pain...
March 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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