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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728352/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-atrial-fibrillation-applying-heaviside-function-in-survival-analysis-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#1
Yaser Mokhayeri, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hamid Soori, Soheila Khodakarim
Objectives: Although the effect of physical activity (PA) on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been studied, contradictory results have been reported. These seemingly different results may reflect alternate effects of different types of PA upon AF as well as gender interactions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of PA types namely total, moderate/vigorous, intentional, as well as walking pace on AF risk, in men and women. Methods: Using the MESA Typical Week Physical Activity Survey, three PA measures and walking pace among 6487 men and women aged 45-84 years were calculated...
June 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727796/effects-of-health-risk-assessment-and-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-older-people-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial
#2
Anna Marie Herghelegiu, André Moser, Gabriel Ioan Prada, Stephan Born, Matthias Wilhelm, Andreas E Stuck
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase physical activity (PA) among older community-dwelling adults may be enhanced by using multidimensional health risk assessment (HRA) as a basis for PA counselling. METHODS: The study was conducted among nondisabled but mostly frail persons 65 years of age and older at an ambulatory geriatric clinic in Bucharest, Romania. From May to July 2014, 200 participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Intervention group participants completed an initial HRA questionnaire and then had monthly counselling sessions with a geriatrician over a period of six months that were aimed at increasing low or maintaining higher PA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#3
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#4
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718295/accelerometer-determined-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-national-prospective-cohort-study-of-adults-post-acute-stroke
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Ovuokerie Addoh
PURPOSE: No epidemiological study has examined the association of objectively measured physical activity with all-cause mortality among adults who have had a stroke, which was the purpose of this study. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-four patients with stroke. MEASURES: Physical activity assessed via accelerometry (ActiGraph 7164), with stroke assessed via self-report of physician diagnosis...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717810/association-between-adiposity-and-disability-in-the-lc65-cohort
#6
N Danon-Hersch, S Fustinoni, P Bovet, J Spagnoli, B Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal association between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with mortality and incident disability in Lc65+ cohort. DESIGN: Population-based cohort of non-institutionalized adults with up to 8.9 years of follow-up. SETTING: City of Lausanne, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: 1,293 individuals aged 65 to 70 at baseline (58% women). MEASUREMENTS: BMI, WC and covariates were measured at baseline in 2004-2005...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715883/association-between-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-and-mortality-in-korean-adults-an-8-year-prospective-study
#7
Junghoon Kim
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have investigated the association between physical activity and various health outcomes, limited information is available on the effect of meeting new governmental guidelines for physical activity on the risk of mortality in Korean adults. This study aimed to examine the prospective association between meeting these guidelines and all-cause mortality during an 8-year follow-up using a large nationwide sample of middle-aged and older adults in Korea. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted based on the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715307/taking-on-the-obesity-epidemic-researchers-wage-a-big-fat-fight-in-efforts-to-combat-this-global-health-issue
#8
Leslie Mertz
If obesity were tied only to too much food or too little physical activity, the cure would be a simple matter of counting calories or keeping track of steps with a pedometer. Unfortunately, obesity is much more complex. Many other factors come into play, including so-called hunger genes that make a person more susceptible to obesity, infection with certain pathogens linked to weight gain, hormones that dampen or stimulate appetite, sleep disruption that can trigger overeating, and social networks that can promote obesity...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713583/effects-of-supervised-and-unsupervised-physical-activity-programmes-for-weight-loss
#9
S A Creasy, R J Rogers, K K Davis, B B Gibbs, E E Kershaw, J M Jakicic
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is important for weight management. However, it remains unclear what type of physical activity prescription/programme is optimal for increasing physical activity during a standard behavioural weight loss intervention. This study examined changes in physical activity after a 12-week supervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (SUP-PA), an unsupervised programme prescribed in minutes per week (UNSUP-PA) and an unsupervised programme prescribed in steps per day (STEP)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710666/mediators-of-physical-activity-adherence-results-from-an-action-control-intervention-in-couples
#10
Corina Berli, Gertraud Stadler, Patrick E Shrout, Niall Bolger, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Behavior change interventions targeting self-regulation skills have generally shown promising effects. However, the psychological working mechanisms remain poorly understood. PURPOSE: We examined theory-based mediators of a randomized controlled trial in couples targeting action control (i.e., continuously monitoring and evaluating an ongoing behavior). Self-reported action control was tested as the main mediating mechanism of physical activity adherence, and in addition self-efficacy and received social support from the partner...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#11
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708118/low-energy-turnover-of-physically-inactive-participants-as-a-determinant-of-insufficient-mineral-and-vitamin-intake-in-nhanes
#12
Juliane Heydenreich, Katarina Melzer, Céline Flury, Bengt Kayser
Micronutrient requirements do not scale linearly with physical activity-related energy expenditure (AEE). Inactive persons may have insufficient micronutrient intake because of low energy intake (EI). We extracted data from NHANES 2003-2006 on 4015 adults (53 ± 18 years (mean ± SD), 29 ± 6 kg/m², 48% women) with valid physical activity (accelerometry) and food intake (2 × 24 h-dietary recall) measures. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated by summing the basal metabolic rate (BMR, Harris-Benedict), AEE, and 10% of TEE for the thermic effect of food, to calculate the physical activity levels (PAL = TEE/BMR)...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707547/-we-need-a-safe-walkable-way-to-connect-our-sisters-and-brothers-a-qualitative-study-of-opportunities-and-challenges-for-neighborhood-based-physical-activity-among-residents-of-low-income-african-american-communities
#13
Stephanie T Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melissa L Fair, Ellen W Stowe, S Morgan Hughey, Lauren Boeckerman, Sally Wills, Yvonne Reeder
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the benefits of and influencing factors for neighborhood-based physical activity (PA), and elicit suggestions for increasing neighborhood-based PA among primarily Black residents living in lower income neighborhoods. DESIGN: Eight focus groups were conducted in low-income, predominantly Black neighborhoods (n = 8) in Greenville, SC during Spring 2014. Using a semi-structured focus group guide with open-ended questions, residents were asked to describe benefits of PA, neighborhood factors associated with PA, and ways to increase PA within their neighborhoods...
July 14, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705272/measurement-and-assessment-of-physical-activity-by-information-and-communication-technology
#14
Qun Zhang, Xi Yang, Dan Liu, Wen Hua Zhao
This study provides explorative insights into the information and communication technology (ICT) for promoting the physical activity level. ICT has provided innovative ideas and perspectives for PA measurement, assessment, evaluation and health intervention. ICT that aims to increase exercise for the entire population should be of a well-oriented and easy-to-use design with the options of tailored and personalized feedback, coaching, and ranking and supporting; it should be capable of setting goals and working with a schedule and be accompanied by a website to provide overviews of the users' exercise results and progress...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704095/sarcopenia-an-endocrine-disorder
#15
Alexis McKee, John E Morley, Alvin M Matsumoto, Aaron Vinik
Sarcopenia is defined as low muscle function (walking speed or grip strength) in the presence of low muscle mass. A simple screening test - the SARC-F - is available to identify persons with sarcopenia. The major endocrine causes of sarcopenia are diabetes mellitus and male hypogonadism. Other causes are decreased physical activity, loss of motor neuron units, weight loss, inflammatory cytokines, reduced blood flow to muscles, very low 25(OH) vitamin D levels and decreased growth hormone and IGF-1. Treatment for sarcopenia includes resistance and aerobic exercise, leucine enriched essential amino acids, and vitamin D...
July 13, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702313/relationship-between-objectively-measured-intensity-of-physical-activity-and-self-reported-enjoyment-of-physical-activity
#16
Thea Schwaneberg, Franziska Weymar, Sabina Ulbricht, Marcus Dörr, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg
Physical activity is an important factor for the maintenance of health. Enjoyment of physical activity is essential to motivate persons to engage in sufficient physical activity. We examined whether self-reported enjoyment of PA is associated with objective measurement of the intensity of PA. A cardiovascular examination program was provided for individuals aged 40-75 years without a history of cardiovascular events in Greifswald, Germany between 2012 and 2013. Participants (n = 255) were asked to wear a three-axial accelerometer device (ActiGraph, GT3X +, Pensacola, Florida, USA) for 7 consecutive days...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701338/lifestyle-in-progression-from-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-to-chronic-hypertension-in-nurses-health-study-ii-observational-cohort-study
#17
Simon Timpka, Jennifer J Stuart, Lauren J Tanz, Eric B Rimm, Paul W Franks, Janet W Rich-Edwards
Objectives To study the association between lifestyle risk factors and chronic hypertension by history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP: gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia) and investigate the extent to which these risk factors modify the association between HDP and chronic hypertension.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2013).Participants 54 588 parous women aged 32 to 59 years with data on reproductive history and without previous chronic hypertension, stroke, or myocardial infarction...
July 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699368/impact-of-blood-pressure-lesion-level-and-physical-activity-on-aortic-augmentation-index-in-persons-with-sci
#18
Caitlyn G Katzelnick, Joseph P Weir, Nancy Chiaravalotti, Glenn Wylie, Trevor Dyson-Hudson, William A Bauman, Jill M Wecht
Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) are at a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to autonomic nervous system dysfunction, physical inactivity and increased inflammatory processes. Arterial stiffness (AS) is recognized as an independent risk factor for CVD and, specifically, pulse wave analysis (PWA) has proven to be a useful tool to predict and track structural arterial changes that reflect arteriosclerosis. The augmentation index (AI) can be used to estimate AS and is derived from the amplitude and timing of the blood pressure (BP) wave reflection in a peripheral artery...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698178/occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-disability-pension-prospective-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#19
Marius Steiro Fimland, Gunnhild Vie, Andreas Holtermann, Steinar Krokstad, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database...
July 11, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697260/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-cardiovascular-risk-factors-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#20
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adults who adhere to national guidelines for a healthful diet and physical activity have lower rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than those who do not. All persons, regardless of their risk status for cardiovascular disease (CVD), can gain health benefits from healthy eating behaviors and appropriate physical activity. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention among adults without obesity who do not have cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes)...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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