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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905494/prescribed-physical-activity-maintenance-following-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-factors-predicting-low-physical-activity
#1
Viveka Dagner, Eva K Clausson, Liselotte Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not. METHODS: Data from the National Quality Registry Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904639/effects-of-walking-on-coronary-heart-disease-in-elderly-men-with-diabetes
#2
Chieko Kimata, Bradley Willcox, Beatriz L Rodriguez
Previous studies have shown that walking is associated with increased longevity and a reduced risk of cardiovascular and age-related diseases. Whether walking benefits individuals with diabetes who are at high risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains to be determined. The objective of this study is to examine the association between walking and risk of CHD among elderly men with and without diabetes. Walking data was assessed in 2732 men aged 71 to 93 years participating in the Honolulu Heart Program from 1991-1993...
June 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903475/computerized-decision-support-for-beneficial-home-based-exercise-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Roselien Buys, Jomme Claes, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Anargyros Chatzitofis, Dimitris Zarpalas, Petros Daras, Deirdre Walsh, Catherine Woods, Kieran Moran, Nicos Maglaveras, Ioanna Chouvarda
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation plays a key role in improving the health and quality of life of patients with Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Home-based computer-assisted rehabilitation programs have the potential to facilitate and support physical activity interventions and improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We present the development and evaluation of a computerized Decision Support System (DSS) for unsupervised exercise rehabilitation at home, aiming to show the feasibility and potential of such systems toward maximizing the benefits of rehabilitation programs...
August 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903302/-related-factors-for-early-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-of-rural-adults-in-yuhuan-county-of-zhejiang-province-in-2012
#4
Meifang Su, Xiaoying Chen, Tian Xiao, Songtao Li, Xuhua Ying, Qingwu Jiang, Chaowei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To explore related factors for early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus( EOD) in rural Chinese adults. METHODS: Totally, 1695 newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus( T2DM) were recruited from baseline survey of Yuhuan Rural Adults Cohort for Diabetes during June to December 2012 in Yuhuan County, Zhejiang Province, China, and divided into EOD or late-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus( LOD) with their diagnosis age at ≤ 40 or > 40 years, respectively...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902472/home-based-exercise-enhances-health-related-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902175/assessing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-family-factors-on-physical-activity-a-case-study-in-turkey
#6
Sharalyn Steenson, Hilal Özcebe, Umut Arslan, Hande Konşuk Ünlü, Özgür M Araz, Mahmut Yardim, Sarp Üner, Nazmi Bilir, Terry T-K Huang
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity rates have been rising rapidly in developing countries. A better understanding of the risk factors and social context is necessary to inform public health interventions and policies. This paper describes the validation of several measurement scales for use in Turkey, which relate to child and parent perceptions of physical activity (PA) and enablers and barriers of physical activity in the home environment. METHOD: The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of several measurement scales in Turkey using a population sample across three socio-economic strata in the Turkish capital, Ankara...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902166/obesity-prevalence-among-adults-living-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#7
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Liping Pan, Terry O'Toole, Kevin Matthews, Heidi M Blanck
Approximately 46 million persons (14%) in the United States live in nonmetropolitan counties.* Compared with metropolitan residents, nonmetropolitan residents have a higher prevalence of obesity-associated chronic diseases such as diabetes (1), coronary heart disease (1), and arthritis (2). The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found a significantly higher obesity prevalence among adults in nonmetropolitan (39.6%) than in metropolitan (33.4%) counties (3). However, this difference has not been examined by state...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#8
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901572/association-of-financial-literacy-with-hospitalization-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Bryan D James, Robert S Wilson, Raj C Shah, Lei Yu, Zoe Arvanitakis, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
BACKGROUND: Lowering the likelihood of hospitalization in older adults is a major public health goal for modern health care systems. Emerging data suggest that financial literacy is an important determinant of health outcomes in old age, but the relationship with hospitalization has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that better financial literacy is related to lower risk of hospitalization in older persons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
July 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899015/loss-framed-financial-incentives-and-personalized-goal-setting-to-increase-physical-activity-among-ischemic-heart-disease-patients-using-wearable-devices-the-active-reward-randomized-trial
#10
Neel P Chokshi, Srinath Adusumalli, Dylan S Small, Alexander Morris, Jordyn Feingold, Yoonhee P Ha, Marta D Lynch, Charles A L Rareshide, Victoria Hilbert, Mitesh S Patel
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, but most ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients do not obtain enough. METHODS AND RESULTS: ACTIVE REWARD (A Clinical Trial Investigating Effects of a Randomized Evaluation of Wearable Activity Trackers with Financial Rewards) was a 24-week home-based, remotely monitored, randomized trial with a 16-week intervention (8-week ramp-up incentive phase and 8-week maintenance incentive phase) and an 8-week follow-up...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898730/making-it-work-for-me-beliefs-about-making-a-personal-health-record-relevant-and-useable
#11
Fiona Fylan, Lauren Caveney, Alastair Cartwright, Beth Fylan
BACKGROUND: A Personal Health Record (PHR) is an electronic record that individuals use to manage and share their health information, e.g. data from their medical records and data collected by apps. However, engagement with their record can be low if people do not find it beneficial to their health, wellbeing or interactions with health and other services. We have explored the beliefs potential users have about a PHR, how it could be made personally relevant, and barriers to its use. METHODS: A qualitative design comprising eight focus groups, each with 6-8 participants...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898671/a-study-protocol-of-older-person-s-exercise-and-nutrition-study-open-a-sit-to-stand-activity-combined-with-oral-protein-supplement-effects-on-physical-function-and-independence-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896891/succeed-supporting-a-comprehensive-coordinated-evaluation-of-the-elderly-with-diabetes-integrating-cognitive-physical-assessment-into-the-evaluation-process
#13
Rachel Natovich, Noa Gayus, Michal Azmon, Hila Michal, Omri Gury Twito, Tomer Yair, Romi Noy Achiron, Neta Kraviz, Nadia Mordenfeld, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
BACKGROUND: Successful aging with diabetes is challenged by co-morbidities which may present barriers to self-care. Currently, measurement of physical and cognitive status is not part of routine care of the older person with diabetes and these are not taken into account when devising the treatment plan. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel approach that integrates cognitive and physical assessment into the routine evaluation of the older person with diabetes & the tailor-made treatment plan devised accordingly...
June 13, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885653/user-documented-food-consumption-data-from-publicly-available-apps-an-analysis-of-opportunities-and-challenges-for-nutrition-research
#14
Marcus Maringer, Pieter Van't Veer, Naomi Klepacz, Muriel C D Verain, Anne Normann, Suzanne Ekman, Lada Timotijevic, Monique M Raats, Anouk Geelen
BACKGROUND: The need for a better understanding of food consumption behaviour within its behavioural context has sparked the interest of nutrition researchers for user-documented food consumption data collected outside the research context using publicly available nutrition apps. The study aims to characterize the scientific, technical, legal and ethical features of this data in order to identify the opportunities and challenges associated with using this data for nutrition research. METHOD: A search for apps collecting food consumption data was conducted in October 2016 against UK Google Play and iTunes storefronts...
June 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884468/work-stress-and-risk-of-death-in-men-and-women-with-and-without-cardiometabolic-disease-a-multicohort-study
#15
Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Jane E Ferrie, G David Batty, Solja T Nyberg, Markus Jokela, Marianna Virtanen, Lars Alfredsson, Nico Dragano, Eleonor I Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Ritva Luukkonen, Tuula Oksanen, Reiner Rugulies, Johannes Siegrist, Archana Singh-Manoux, Sakari Suominen, Töres Theorell, Ari Väänänen, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Timo Strandberg, Andrew Steptoe, John Deanfield
BACKGROUND: Although some cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines suggest a need to manage work stress in patients with established cardiometabolic disease, the evidence base for this recommendation is weak. We sought to clarify the status of stress as a risk factor in cardiometabolic disease by investigating the associations between work stress and mortality in men and women with and without pre-existing cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: In this multicohort study, we used data from seven cohort studies in the IPD-Work consortium, initiated between 1985 and 2002 in Finland, France, Sweden, and the UK, to examine the association between work stress and mortality...
June 5, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884146/enabling-participation-for-disabled-young-people-study-protocol
#16
Penelope Carroll, Karen Witten, Octavia Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Robin Kearns, Lanuola Asiasiga, Judy Lin, Nicola Kayes, Suzanne Mavoa
BACKGROUND: Participation in community life is vital for health and wellbeing, promoting a sense of belonging, networks of social support and opportunities for physical activity. Disabled young people have lower levels of mobility and participation in recreational activities (physical, social and cultural), education and employment, than their peers without disabilities. This has implications for their health and wellbeing and life course opportunities. Previous research on the participation levels of disabled young people has primarily relied on parent/caregiver reports and been oriented to home and school environments...
June 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884067/the-implementation-and-feasibility-of-the-supporting-physical-activity-in-the-childcare-environment-space-intervention-a-process-evaluation
#17
Molly Driediger, Leigh M Vanderloo, Shauna M Burke, Jennifer D Irwin, Anca Gaston, Brian W Timmons, Andrew M Johnson, Patricia Tucker
This study describes the process evaluation of the Supporting Physical Activity in the Childcare Environment (SPACE) intervention, consisting of educator physical activity training, provision of portable play equipment, and a modified outdoor schedule (i.e., 4 × 30-minute periods). Educators ( N = 49) from 11 childcare centers in London, Ontario, Canada, delivered the 8-week intervention to 200 preschoolers ( Mage = 3.38 years). Workshop attendance was documented while adherence to the outdoor schedule and number and timing of outdoor sessions offered (i...
June 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880392/exercise-induced-changes-in-neurotrophic-factors-and-markers-of-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-are-moderated-by-weight-status-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Motahare Mokhtarzade, Robert Motl, Raoof Negaresh, Philipp Zimmer, Mostafa Khodadoost, Julien S Baker, Darpan Patel, Nastaran Majdinasab, Rouholah Ranjbar
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neurotrophic factors seemingly have an important role in multiple sclerosis pathology. Physical activity may influence blood-brain barrier function and levels of neurotrophic factors, and such effects might be moderated by body weight status. This study investigated the effect of exercise training on markers of blood-brain barrier permeability and neurotrophic factors as a function of weight status in multiple sclerosis patients. Sixty three persons with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis who were normal weight (n: 33) or overweight (n: 33) were randomly assigned into groups of exercise (normal weight training, n: 18; overweight training group, n: 18) or no exercise (normal weight control, n: 15; overweight control group, n: 15)...
May 31, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879035/self-reported-exhaustion-physical-activity-and-grip-strength-predict-frailty-transitions-in-older-outpatients-with-chronic-diseases
#19
Yu-Ching Pao, Chin-Ying Chen, Ching-I Chang, Ching-Yu Chen, Jaw-Shiun Tsai
Effective screening instruments are necessary for evaluating the outcomes of early interventions for the prevention or delay of disability in older persons. This study examined how transitions in frailty items over 1 year and the baseline components of a comprehensive geriatric assessment were associated with improvements in frailty at a 2-year follow-up in a sample of older patients.This was a single-center prospective observational study of older patients aged 65 years and over with chronic diseases (n = 103), who were followed through a hospital-based program over 2 years...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878825/telephone-delivered-lifestyle-support-with-action-planning-and-motivational-interviewing-techniques-to-improve-rehabilitation-outcomes
#20
Andrea Döbler, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Hartmut Pollmann, Erik Farin, Heiner Raspe, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In a German rehabilitation center, 249 patients with Type 2 diabetes were separated into randomized groups, either a 12-month telephone follow-up support group or the usual care group...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
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