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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337526/arthritis-and-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#1
Nancy A Baker, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick, Matthew Zack, Soham Al Snih
Adults aged 65 or older with arthritis may be at increased risk for cognitive impairment [cognitive impairment but not dementia (CIND) or dementia]. Studies have found associations between arthritis and cognition impairments; however, none have examined whether persons with arthritis develop cognitive impairments at higher rates than those without arthritis. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we estimated the prevalence of cognitive impairments in older adults with and without arthritis, and examined associations between arthritis status and cognitive impairments...
March 23, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335767/feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-a-web-based-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-for-pregnant-women-the-fit4two-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Melanie Hayman, Peter Reaburn, Matthew Browne, Corneel Vandelanotte, Stephanie Alley, Camille E Short
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy is associated with a variety of health benefits including a reduced risk of pregnancy related conditions such as pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension and leads to greater control over gestational weight gain. Despite these associated health benefits, very few pregnant women are sufficiently active. In an attempt to increase health outcomes, it is important to explore innovative ways to increase PA among pregnant women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of a four week web-based computer-tailored PA intervention among pregnant women...
March 23, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334483/activities-of-daily-living-trajectories-among-institutionalized-older-adults-a-prospective-study
#3
Huai-Ting Kuo, Kuan-Chia Lin, Chung-Fu Lan, I-Chuan Li
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine ADL trajectory groups among older residents in Taiwan, and to determine the relative risks of demographic characteristics and health status in explaining the trajectory group of ADL. BACKGROUND: Activity of daily living (ADL) is a crucial indicator of health status for institutionalized older adults. ADL is a dynamic process, and has differences in trajectory groups. DESIGN: This study was a 3-year longitudinal analysis of long-term care (LTC) facility residents in Taiwan...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332338/goal-disengagement-well-being-and-goal-achievement-in-romantic-couples-pursuing-health-behavior-change-evidence-from-two-daily-diary-studies
#4
Janina Lüscher, Corina Berli, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329413/physical-activity-muscular-strength-and-polypharmacy-among-older-multimorbid-persons-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#5
K A Volaklis, B Thorand, A Peters, M Halle, M Heier, B Strasser, U Amann, K H Ladwig, H Schulz, W Koenig, C Meisinger
The purpose of this study was to examine if physical activity (PA) and muscular strength (MS) are related to polypharmacy. Our cross-sectional analysis was based on 711 patients with multimorbidity (ΜΜΒ), aged 65-94 years, who participated in the KORA-Age study. Participants underwent a face to face interview and extensive physical examinations including anthropometric measurements, registration of chronic diseases, determination of health-related behaviors (smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, etc), collection of blood samples and measurement of hand-grip strength...
March 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#6
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323457/n-of-1-study-of-weight-loss-maintenance-assessing-predictors-of-physical-activity-adherence-to-weight-loss-plan-and-weight-change
#7
Dominika Kwasnicka, Stephan U Dombrowski, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVE: Behaviour change interventions are effective in supporting individuals to achieve clinically significant weight loss, but weight loss maintenance (WLM) is less often attained. This study examined predictive variables associated with WLM. DESIGN: N-of-1 study with daily ecological momentary assessment combined with objective measurement of weight and physical activity, collected with wireless devices (Fitbit™) for six months. Eight previously obese adults who had lost over 5% of their body weight in the past year took part...
March 21, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322666/parks-as-social-and-cultural-spaces-among-u-s-and-foreign-born-latinas
#8
Frances Munet-Vilaró, Sabrina Marie Chase, Sandra Echeverria
Parks provide opportunities for people to engage in activities that can promote physical and emotional well-being. Using focus groups and personal interviews conducted in select neighborhoods of a Northeastern city with a high rate of obesity, we examined perceptions of barriers and facilitators regarding the use of parks and park features that would promote physical activity among Latina women ( N = 39). Foreign-born Latinas emphasized the environmental characteristics of parks and the types of amenities that can support preferred cultural and social activities, while U...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317402/glycemic-variability-and-its-association-with-demographics-and-lifestyles-in-a-general-adult-population
#9
Francisco Gude, Pablo Díaz-Vidal, Cintia Rúa-Pérez, Manuela Alonso-Sampedro, Carmen Fernández-Merino, Jesús Rey-García, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez, Marcos Pazos-Couselo, José Manuel García-López, Arturo Gonzalez-Quintela
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate glycemic variability indices in relation to demographic factors and common environmental lifestyles in a general adult population. METHODS: The A Estrada Glycation and Inflammation Study is a cross-sectional study covering 1516 participants selected by sampling of the population aged 18 years and over. A subsample of 622 individuals participated in the Glycation project, which included continuous glucose monitoring procedures...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315781/optimistic-and-pessimistic-self-assessment-of-own-diets-is-associated-with-age-self-rated-health-and-weight-status-in-danish-adults
#10
Mette Rosenlund Sørensen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Lotte Holm, Vibeke Kildegaard Knudsen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Inge Tetens
The aim of this study was to analyse concordance between Danish adults' recorded diet quality and their own assessment of the healthiness and to examine socio-demographic, health and behavioural characteristics associated with an optimistic or pessimistic self-assessment. Data were derived from The Danish National Survey of Diet and Physical Activity 2011-2013 and included a random sample of 3014 adults (18-75 y). Diet quality was evaluated on the basis of seven-day pre-coded food diaries and categorised 'unhealthy', 'somewhat healthy' and 'healthy'...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303705/the-sense-of-life-satisfaction-versus-dietary-choices-of-young-women-doing-fitness-for-recreational-purposes
#11
Maria Gacek
Background: : The health potential of a person can be improved thanks to recreational physical activity and rational diet. The sense of life satisfaction is also one of significant health resources. Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relations between the level of life satisfaction and the frequency of consuming selected products in the group of young women who engage in fitness for recreational purposes. Material and Methods: The study involved 200 young women (20-30 years old) who regularly do recreational physical activity in fitness clubs in Małopolska...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300435/long-term-outcomes-of-lercanidipine-versus-other-calcium-channel-blockers-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Kai-Hung Cheng, Kai-Chun Cheng, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Yi-Hsin Yang, Chung-Wei Lee, Wen-Ter Lai
OBJECTIVE: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been proved to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, especially in stroke. Lercanidipine, a highly lipophilic CCB, lacks data regarding long-term outcomes including: CV, stroke, renal and all-cause mortality which are aimed to be clarified in this retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 144630 newly diagnosed hypertension (HTN) (age: 18 - 65 y/o) patients in 2005 from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database were enrolled in this observational study...
March 16, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299717/physical-activity-and-maximal-oxygen-uptake-in-adults-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#13
Itai Gross, Harry J Hirsch, Naama Constantini, Shachar Nice, Yehuda Pollak, Larry Genstil, Talia Eldar-Geva, Varda Gross Tsur
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is the most common genetic syndrome causing life-threatening obesity. Strict adherence to a low-calorie diet and regular physical activity are needed to prevent weight gain. Direct measurement of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), the "gold standard" for assessing aerobic exercise capacity, has not been previously described in PWS. OBJECTIVES: Assess aerobic capacity by direct measurement of VO2 max in adults with PWS, and in age and BMI-matched controls (OC), and compare the results with values obtained by indirect prediction methods...
March 16, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299033/the-association-of-age-and-gender-with-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-employees-in-west-of-iran
#14
Nahid Khademi, Mehran Babanejad, Atefeh Asadmobini, Hossein Karim
BACKGROUND: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. METHODS: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292348/development-and-validation-of-a-model-for-predicting-diabetic-nephropathy-in-chinese-people
#15
Li Chen, Ke Xin Sun, Juan Juan, Kai Fang, Kuo Liu, Xue Yin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a risk model for predicting later development of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and evaluate its performance with independent validation. METHODS: We used data collected from the project 'Comprehensive Research on the Prevention and Control of Diabetes', which was a community-based study conducted by the Jiangsu Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2013. A total of 11,771 eligible participants were included in our study...
February 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289470/the-profiling-of-university-of-ljubljana-students-according-to-their-motives-for-exercise-participation
#16
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Joško Sindik
INTRODUCTION: The main research objective is the analysis of the grouping of the students of the University of Ljubljana, with respect to the intensity of different types of exercise participation motives, their gender, discipline and year of study, level of physical activity, status of physical education class, organization of physical activities during study, and place of residence. METHODS: Data were collected using personal data sheets during enrolling students at the University of Ljubljana...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289150/lifestyle-medicine-course-for-family-medicine-residents-preliminary-assessment-of-the-impact-on-knowledge-attitudes-self-efficacy-and-personal-health
#17
Lilach Malatskey, Yael Bar Zeev, Adva Tzuk-Onn, Rani Polak
PURPOSE: The WHO estimates that by 2020 two-thirds of the diseases worldwide will be the result of unhealthy lifestyle habits. Less than half of primary care physician graduates feel prepared to give lifestyle behaviour counselling. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of lifestyle medicine (LM) course on self-reported knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and health behaviour of family medicine residents. METHODS: Based on the Israeli syllabus for the study of LM, we delivered five face to face 20 H courses...
March 13, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287783/personality-and-actigraphy-measured-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#18
Ashley Artese, Desirae Ehley, Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano
Most studies on personality and physical activity have relied on self-report measures. This study examined the relation between Five Factor Model personality traits and objective physical activity in older adults. Sixty-nine participants (Mage = 80.2 years; SD = 7.1) wore the ActiGraph monitor for 7 days and completed the NEO Personality Inventory-3 First Half. Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness were associated with more moderate physical activity and more steps per day whereas Neuroticism was inversely related to these physical activity measures (βs > ...
March 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284666/anthropometric-and-biomechanical-characteristics-of-body-segments-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Y Fang, L R Morse, N Nguyen, N G Tsantes, K L Troy
People with spinal cord injury (SCI) experience bone and muscle loss in their paralyzed limbs that is most rapid and severe in the first 3years after injury. Restoration of mechanical loading through therapeutic physical activity may potentially slow or reverse post-SCI bone loss, however, therapeutic targets cannot be developed without accurate biomechanical models. Obesity is prevalent among SCI population, and it alters body composition and further affects parameters of these models. Here, clinical whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data from people with acute (n=39) and chronic (n=61) SCI were analyzed to obtain anthropometric parameters including segment masses, center of mass location, and radius of gyration for both obese and non-obese individuals...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284191/a-feasibility-study-with-process-evaluation-of-a-preschool-intervention-to-improve-child-and-family-lifestyle-behaviours
#20
Lorraine McSweeney, Vera Araújo-Soares, Tim Rapley, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Around a fifth of children starting school in England are now overweight/obese. There is a paucity of interventions with the aim of obesity prevention in preschool-age children in the UK. Previous research has demonstrated some positive results in changing specific health behaviours, however, positive trends in overall obesity rates are lacking. Preschool settings may provide valuable opportunities to access children and their families not only for promoting healthy lifestyles, but also to develop and evaluate behaviour-change interventions...
March 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
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