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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213739/does-influence-at-work-modify-the-relation-between-high-occupational-physical-activity-and-risk-of-heart-disease-in-women
#1
Karen Allesøe, Andreas Holtermann, Reiner Rugulies, Mette Aadahl, Eleanor Boyle, Karen Søgaard
PURPOSE: To investigate whether influence at work modifies the association between demanding and strenuous occupational physical activity (OPA) and risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: A sample of 12,093 nurses aged 45-64 years from the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was followed for 20.6 years by individual linkage to incident IHD in the Danish National Patient Registry. Information on OPA, influence at work, other occupational factors and known risk factors for IHD was collected by self-report in 1993...
February 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212634/time-to-re-think-physical-activity-promotion-for-young-people-results-from-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#2
Paul Best, Mark A Tully, Rekesh Corepal, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between knowledge of the current UK physical activity (PA) guidelines and amount of daily PA using a sample population of 11-16 year olds in Northern Ireland. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from the 2010 and 2013 Young Persons' Behaviour and Attitudes Survey of 10,790 young people provided information on PA, knowledge of guidelines and socio-demographic characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression was used to investigate the associations between knowledge and amount of daily PA...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#3
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210063/effects-of-increased-physical-activity-on-body-composition-physical-functions-vascular-functions-hr-qol-and-self-efficacy-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#4
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Akira Tamaki, Kotatsu Nagai, Rui Tsukagoshi, Sonoko Nozaki, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Akiko Mori, Mitsumasa Kaya, Hiroyuki Fujioka
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to clarify the effects of increased number of steps on body composition, physical functions, vascular functions, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) and self-efficacy in elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 47 elderly persons who resided in Port Island in the Chuo Ward of Kobe City in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. After the calculation of the mean preintervention physical activity (PA), the subjects were instructed to increase their PA to a target baseline + 1,300 steps/day...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#5
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198088/a-self-determination-approach-to-the-understanding-of-the-impact-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms
#6
José Antonio Cecchini, Javier Fernández-Río, Antonio Méndez-Giménez, Alejandro Carriedo, José Antonio Arruza
The purpose was to test a new motivational sequence. It was hypothesized that more autonomous forms of motivation would predict the intensity of physical activity (PA), which in turn, would predict depressive symptoms. In order to evaluate self-determined motivation, the Self-Determination Index (SDI) was used. Because the reasons that can lead a person to engage in walking, moderate PA, or vigorous PA may be different, 3 independent self-determination indexes were measured (SDIWalking, SDIModerate, and SDIVigorous)...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194200/relationship-between-observational-learning-and-health-belief-with-physical-activity-among-adolescents-girl-in-isfahan-iran
#7
Marzieh Rostamian, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Physical activities among adolescents affects health during pubescence and adolescence and decrease in physical activities among adolescents has become a global challenge. The aim of the present study was to define the relation between the level of physical activity among adolescent girls and their health beliefs as personal factor and level of observational learning as environmental factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional study that was conducted on 400 students aged from 11 to 19 years in Isfahan, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193716/preventing-falls-in-a-high-risk-vision-impaired-population-through-specialist-orientation-and-mobility-services-protocol-for-the-platform-randomised-trial
#8
Lisa Keay, Lisa Dillon, Lindy Clemson, Anne Tiedemann, Catherine Sherrington, Peter McCluskey, Pradeep Ramulu, Stephen Jan, Kris Rogers, Jodi Martin, Frances Tinsley, Kirsten Bonrud Jakobsen, Rebecca Q Ivers
BACKGROUND: Older people with vision impairment have significant ongoing morbidity, including risk of falls, but are neglected in fall prevention programmes. PlaTFORM is a pragmatic evaluation of the Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise fall prevention programme for older people with vision impairment or blindness (v-LiFE). Implementation and scalability issues will also be investigated. METHODS: PlaTFORM is a single-blinded, randomised trial designed to evaluate the v-LiFE programme compared with usual care...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193599/an-online-intervention-comparing-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-versus-a-plate-method-diet-in-overweight-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Laura R Saslow, Ashley E Mason, Sarah Kim, Veronica Goldman, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Hovig Bayandorian, Jennifer Daubenmier, Frederick M Hecht, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent, chronic disease for which diet is an integral aspect of treatment. In our previous trial, we found that recommendations to follow a very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and to change lifestyle factors (physical activity, sleep, positive affect, mindfulness) helped overweight people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes improve glycemic control and lose weight. This was an in-person intervention, which could be a barrier for people without the time, flexibility, transportation, social support, and/or financial resources to attend...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192109/intensive-lifestyle-intervention-for-obesity-principles-practices-and-results
#10
Victoria L Webb, Thomas A Wadden
Using the Guidelines for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults as a framework, this article reviews intensive lifestyle interventions for weight loss. The Guidelines recommend a minimum of 6 months of high-intensity, comprehensive lifestyle intervention, consisting of a reduced-calorie diet, increased physical activity, and behavior therapy. Persons with obesity typically lose about 8 kg (approximately 8% of initial weight) with this approach, accompanied by improvements in health and quality of life...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191341/survey-of-the-relationship-between-activity-energy-expenditure-metabolic-equivalents-and-barrier-factors-of-physical-activity-in-the-elderly-in-kashan
#11
Ali Sadrollahi, Zahra Khalili, Robab Pour Nazari, Majid Mohammadi, Maryam Ahmadi Khatir, Najima Mossadegh
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in the elderly is influenced by aspects of aging that cause personal, mental, environmental, and social changes. Increases in factors that are barriers to activity cause physical energy expenditure to decrease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to survey the relationship between energy expenditure in metabolic equivalent units (MET) and factors that are barriers to physical activity in elderly people in Kashan, Iran. METHODS: This is a descriptive analysis done in 2014...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187725/long-term-effects-of-a-web-based-cancer-aftercare-intervention-on-moderate-physical-activity-and-vegetable-consumption-among-early-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Iris M Kanera, Roy A Willems, Catherine A W Bolman, Ilse Mesters, Peter Verboon, Lilian Lechner
BACKGROUND: The number of cancer survivors is growing. Negative physical and psychosocial consequences of cancer treatment can occur during survivorship. Following healthy lifestyle recommendations is beneficial to increase quality of life and to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and comorbidities. To meet individual needs, web-based interventions can supply a large population of cancer survivors with easily accessible and personalized information. Evidence concerning the long-term effects of web-based cancer aftercare interventions on lifestyle outcomes is limited...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#13
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#14
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182058/physical-activity-among-dental-health-professionals-in-hyderabad-city-a-questionnaire-survey
#15
Adepu Srilatha, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni, B Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy
BACKGROUND: To assess and compare physical activity based on age, gender, marital status, education, and employment among dental health professionals in Hyderabad City, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among dentists and they were personally interviewed by a single trained interviewer. The frequency (in days) and time (in minutes) spent in doing vigorous- and moderate-intensity activity in a typical week in three domains and sedentary behavior were assessed using 16-item Global Physical Activity Questionnaire...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181825/physical-activity-behavior-and-competing-activities-interrelations-in-55-to-70-year-old-germans
#16
Volker Cihlar, Sonia Lippke
In this study, we draw attention to time-competing activities and psychological variables as impeding or enabling factors of physical activity behavior in 55-to-70-year-old Germans. Cross-sectional data was used (n=4,891). Results indicate that paid work has a negative relationship with sufficient physical activity. Persons who provide nursing care seem to be motivated to achieve sufficient physical activity behavior, but do not meet established recommendations. Active citizenship positively relates to higher physical activity levels...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#17
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177736/health-care-provider-confidence-and-exercise-prescription-practices-of-exercise-is-medicine-canada-workshop-attendees
#18
Myles W O'Brien, Christopher A Shields, Paul I Oh, Jonathon R Fowles
The Exercise is Medicine Canada (EIMC) initiative promotes physical activity counselling and exercise prescription within health care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions and practices around physical activity counselling and exercise prescription in health care professionals before and after EIMC training. Prior to and directly following EIMC workshops, 209 participants (physicians (n = 113); allied health professionals (AHPs) (n = 54), including primarily nurses (n = 36) and others; and exercise professionals (EPs) (n = 23), including kinesiologists (n = 16), physiotherapists (n = 5), and personal trainers (n = 2)) from 7 provinces completed self-reflection questionnaires...
December 14, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177728/long-term-effects-of-daily-postprandial-physical-activity-on-blood-glucose-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Håvard Nygaard, Eirik Grindaker, Bent Ronny Rønnestad, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Arne Torbjørn Høstmark
Previous studies have shown that a bout of moderate or light postprandial physical activity effectively blunts the postprandial increase in blood glucose. The objective of this study was to test whether regular light postprandial physical activity can improve glycemia in persons with hyperglycemia or with high risk of hyperglycemia. We randomized 56 participants to an intervention or a control group. They were diagnosed as hyperglycemic, not using anti-diabetics or categorized as high-risk individuals for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174459/preliminary-reliability-of-the-five-item-physical-activity-questionnaire
#20
Min-Haeng Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to design a physical activity questionnaire reflecting on the basic principles and recommendations of exercise and to examine its reliability. [Subjects and Methods] 342 males and 374 females from the community centers (senior center, residential culture center, sport center, and YWCA center) participated in this study. [Results] The test-retest reliability of the physical activity questionnaire, measured with an interval of three months, being between 0.61 and 0.91 signifies that the questionnaire was useful instrument for assessing physical activity levels...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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