keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Personality" and "physical activity"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240655/evaluation-of-a-person-centered-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors
#1
Chiraporn Worawong, Mary Jo Borden, Karen M Cooper, Oscar A Pérez, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND: Effective promotion of health behaviors requires strong interventions. Applying person-centered approaches and concepts synthesized from two motivational theories could strengthen the effects of such interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the effect sizes, fidelity, and acceptability of a person-centered, health behavior intervention based on self-regulation and self-determination theories. METHODS: Using a pre- and postintervention design, with a 4-week follow-up, advanced practice registered nurses made six weekly contacts with 52 volunteer participants...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239779/gender-differences-in-residual-effect-of-prior-drop-jumps-on-oxygen-uptake-during-heavy-cycling-exercise
#2
Neringa Baranauskienė, Sandra Kilikevičienė, Loreta Stasiulė, Genuvaitė Civinskienė, Arvydas Stasiulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed eccentric or eccentric-concentric exercise leaves us stiff and sore the next day and can cause muscle damage. The data about the residual effect of prior eccentric-concentric exercises on oxygen uptake (VO2) during constant cycling exercise in women or the data about differences of such effect between genders are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences of the residual effect of PDJ on VO2 during HCE and indirect muscle damage parameters between women and men...
November 1, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235393/needs-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-in-their-final-phase-of-life-a-multi-perspective-qualitative-study-in-nursing-homes
#3
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#4
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233169/an-evidence-based-gamified-mhealth-intervention-for-overweight-young-adults-with-maladaptive-eating-habits-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ioana R Podina, Liviu A Fodor, Ana Cosmoiu, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line of treatment for overweight and obesity patients whose problems originate in maladaptive eating habits (e.g., emotional eating). However, in-person CBT is currently difficult to access by large segments of the population. The proposed SIGMA intervention (i.e., the Self-help, Integrated, and Gamified Mobile-phone Application) is a mHealth intervention based on CBT principles. It specifically targets overweight young adults with underlying maladaptive behaviors and cognitions regarding food...
December 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230297/from-genetics-and-epigenetics-to-the-future-of-precision-treatment-for-obesity
#6
REVIEW
Xulong Sun, Pengzhou Li, Xiangwu Yang, Weizheng Li, Xianjie Qiu, Shaihong Zhu
Obesity has become a major global health problem, epitomized by excess accumulation of body fat resulting from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. The treatments for obesity range from modified nutrition and additional physical activity, to drugs or surgery. But the curative effect of each method seems to vary between individuals. With progress in the genetics and epigenetics of obesity, personalization of the clinical management of obesity may be at our doorstep. This review presents an overview of our current understanding of the genetics and epigenetics of obesity and how these findings influence responses to treatments...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229591/clinic-versus-online-social-network-delivered-lifestyle-interventions-protocol-for-the-get-social-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Monica L Wang, Molly E Waring, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Jessica L Oleski, Zachary Michaels, Jared M Goetz, Stephenie C Lemon, Yunsheng Ma, Sherry L Pagoto
BACKGROUND: Online social networks may be a promising modality to deliver lifestyle interventions by reducing cost and burden. Although online social networks have been integrated as one component of multimodality lifestyle interventions, no randomized trials to date have compared a lifestyle intervention delivered entirely via online social network with a traditional clinic-delivered intervention. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design and methods of a noninferiority randomized controlled trial, testing (1) whether a lifestyle intervention delivered entirely through an online social network would produce weight loss that would not be appreciably worse than that induced by a traditional clinic-based lifestyle intervention among overweight and obese adults and (2) whether the former would do so at a lower cost...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229271/using-metabolic-equivalents-in-clinical-practice
#8
REVIEW
Barry A Franklin, Jenna Brinks, Kathy Berra, Carl J Lavie, Neil F Gordon, Laurence S Sperling
Metabolic equivalents, or METs, are routinely employed as a guide to exercise training and activity prescription and to categorize cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). There are, however, inherent limitations to the concept, as well as common misapplications. CRF and the patient's capacity for physical activity are often overestimated and underestimated, respectively. Moreover, frequently cited fitness thresholds associated with the highest and lowest mortality rates may be misleading, as these are influenced by several factors, including age and gender...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226917/toward-research-tested-mobile-health-interventions-to-prevent-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-persons-with-pre-diabetes
#9
Steven S Coughlin, Jessica Lynn Stewart
Background: About 35% of US adults have pre-diabetes and an increased risk of diabetes. Consumer-facing devices such as the Fitbit help users become more physically active and manage their weight which reduces risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Methods: In this commentary we provide a summary of healthy lifestyle intervention studies involving persons with pre-diabetes including those conducted in routine clinical practice. We also provide an account of how such interventions might be enhanced through the use of wearable devices linked to smartphone applications...
November 2017: J Hosp Manag Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#10
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217503/impact-of-an-electronic-health-record-integrated-personal-health-record-on-patient-participation-in-health-care-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-of-myhealthkeeper
#11
Borim Ryu, Nari Kim, Eunyoung Heo, Sooyoung Yoo, Keehyuck Lee, Hee Hwang, Jeong-Whun Kim, Yoojung Kim, Joongseek Lee, Se Young Jung
BACKGROUND: Personal health record (PHR)-based health care management systems can improve patient engagement and data-driven medical diagnosis in a clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was (1) to demonstrate the development of an electronic health record (EHR)-tethered PHR app named MyHealthKeeper, which can retrieve data from a wearable device and deliver these data to a hospital EHR system, and (2) to study the effectiveness of a PHR data-driven clinical intervention with clinical trial results...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217211/mediating-effects-of-cancer-risk-factors-on-the-association-between-race-and-cancer-incidence-analysis-of-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#12
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Maria Pisu
PURPOSE: Racial disparities exist in the prevalence of cancer-related risk factors and incidence of cancer. The objective of this study is to determine if cancer-related risk factors mediate the association between race and cancer incidence. METHODS: We performed prospective analysis of data from the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study, years 1995 through 2011. We compared differences in baseline characteristics between black and white participants using χ2 tests and Wilcoxon tests, as appropriate...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212349/comparison-of-in-person-and-online-motivational-interviewing-based-health-coaching
#13
Kathryn Bus, Karissa L Peyer, Yang Bai, Laura D Ellingson, Gregory J Welk
Health coaching is a common approach for promoting lifestyle changes, but little is known about the effectiveness of different delivery methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of in-person versus online health coaching when used as part of a facilitated behavior change program. To increase translatability, the study used a naturalistic design that enabled participants to self-select the coaching delivery method (Group) as well as the target behavior (diet, physical activity, or weight management)...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207697/effects-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-on-cardiorespiratory-parameters-among-the-farmers
#14
Udayakumar Karthika Priyadharshini, Radhakrishnan Latha, Ukkirapandian Kavitha, Natarajan Nirmala
Introduction: Indiscriminate use and improper handling of synthetic pesticides in agriculture have resulted in serious problems such as asthma, wheeze and chronic bronchitis among the farmers. Though number of studies have been done on pesticide exposure and its effect on cardiorespiratory parameters in Northern India, only few studies were done in Southern India, thus this study was chosen. Aim: To find the cardiorespiratory changes in farm workers exposed to organophosphorus pesticides...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206987/neighborhood-physical-environment-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-results-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Kari A B Moore, Amy H Auchincloss, Mahasin S Mujahid, Carmella August, Brisa N Sanchez, Ana V Diez Roux
Longitudinal associations between neighborhood characteristics and body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) were assessed from 2000 to 2011 among 5,919 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. The perceived availability of healthy food and walking environment were assessed via surveys, and 1-mile (1.6-km) densities of supermarkets, fruit-and-vegetable stores, and recreational facilities were obtained through a commercial database. Econometric fixed-effects models were used to estimate the association between within-person changes in neighborhood characteristics and within-person change in BMI...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206924/predicting-australia-s-university-students-mental-health-status
#16
Wayne Usher, Clint Curran
University years are a period of increased morbidity and mortality, associated with negative health behaviours and corresponding poor mental health (MH) status amongst students. With this said, the aim of this research was to determine the level of influence a number of predictive factors have on Australia's university students' MH status. A cross-sectional study design, consisting of an online survey was implemented. Psychometric measurement components were based on adopting Bronfenbrenner's socio-ecological model approach to collecting descriptive statistics...
November 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202638/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-engagement-in-physical-activity-among-lgbtq-adults
#17
Shannon S C Herrick, Lindsay R Duncan
BACKGROUND: LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc) persons are subject to elevated rates of chronic diseases and health concerns that can be addressed through regular participation in physical activity. However, LGBTQ+ adults experience unique challenges to engaging in physical activity. Subsequently, the aim of this study is to describe the dominant narratives related to the complex intersection of sexual orientation, gender identity, and physical activity. METHODS: A systematic search and scoping review of existing literature was conducted in June 2016...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196279/using-mhealth-technology-in-a-self-management-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-among-adults-with-chronic-disabling-conditions-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Matthew Plow, Meghan Golding
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is considered a comprehensive approach for managing limitations in physical function among adults with chronic disabling conditions. However, adults with chronic disabling conditions often face many barriers to engaging in physical activity. A strategy to promote physical activity among adults with chronic disabling conditions is to encourage the use of mobile health (mHealth) apps. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to examine the potential benefits of using commercially available mHealth apps in a self-management intervention among 46 adults with musculoskeletal or neurological conditions...
December 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195494/implementation-of-a-workplace-intervention-using-financial-rewards-to-promote-adherence-to-physical-activity-guidelines-a-feasibility-study
#19
Elena Losina, Savannah R Smith, Ilana M Usiskin, Kristina M Klara, Griffin L Michl, Bhushan R Deshpande, Heidi Y Yang, Karen C Smith, Jamie E Collins, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: We designed and implemented the Brigham and Women's Wellness Initiative (B-Well), a single-arm study to examine the feasibility of a workplace program that used individual and team-based financial incentives to increase physical activity among sedentary hospital employees. METHODS: We enrolled sedentary, non-clinician employees of a tertiary medical center who self-reported low physical activity. Eligible participants formed or joined teams of three members and wore Fitbit Flex activity monitors for two pre-intervention weeks followed by 24 weeks during which they could earn monetary rewards...
December 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191168/self-reported-physical-activity-correlates-in-swedish-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Elisabeth Anens, Lena Zetterberg, Charlotte Urell, Margareta Emtner, Karin Hellström
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are considerable. Knowledge about factors that correlate to physical activity is helpful in order to develop successful strategies to increase physical activity in persons with MS. Previous studies have focused on correlates to physical activity in MS, however falls self-efficacy, social support and enjoyment of physical activity are not much studied, as well as if the correlates differ with regard to disease severity...
December 1, 2017: BMC Neurology
keyword
keyword
54011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"