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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672534/reliability-and-validity-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-compared-to-calibrated-accelerometer-cut-off-points-in-the-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#1
Declan J Ryan, Jorgen A Wullems, Georgina K Stebbings, Christopher I Morse, Claire E Stewart, Gladys L Onambele-Pearson
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the reliability and validity of IPAQ measured sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in older persons whilst examining any sex differences in reliability and validity results. METHOD: 89 participants (73.7 ± 6.3 years, 54% female) completed the IPAQ. Participants were fitted with a thigh mounted triaxial accelerometer (GeneActiv Original) for seven consecutive days and subsequently completed a second IPAQ...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669101/time-trend-in-persistent-cognitive-decline-results-from-the-longitudinal-aging-study-amsterdam
#2
Tessa N van den Kommer, Dorly J H Deeg, Wiesje M van der Flier, Hannie C Comijs
Objective: To study time trends in the incidence of persistent cognitive decline (PCD), and whether an increase or decrease is explained by changes in well-known risk factors of dementia. Method: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam over a period of 20 years were used. Subsamples of 65-88 year-olds were selected at 7 waves, with numbers ranging from 1,800 to 1,165. Within-person change in cognitive functioning was used to determine PCD. In logistic generalized estimating equations (GEE), time (0, 3, 6, 9, 13, and 16 years) was the main predictor of 3-year PCD incidence...
April 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667433/association-between-physical-fitness-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Jan Müller, Jonathan Myers
Objective Exercise is a cornerstone of therapy for Parkinson's disease. This study addressed the association between physical fitness and the onset of Parkinson's disease and association with cardiovascular risk factors. Patients and methods Male veterans ( N = 7347, 59.0 ± 11.2 years) from the Veterans Exercise Testing Study cohort were evaluated. Physical fitness was measured objectively by maximal exercise testing. Onset of Parkinson's disease was abstracted from the Veterans Affairs computerized patient records system...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667384/relation-between-occupational-activity-health-and-quality-of-life-among-young-inhabitants-of-silesien-voivodeship
#4
Szymon Szemik, Małgorzata Kowlaska, Halina Kulik
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic factors, including occupational activity and unemployment, are the most significant determinants of the quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among young inhabitants aged 25-44 years living in the Silesian voivodeship. The aim of the presented study was to assess and identify factors that determine the quality of life, self-assessed health status and chronic diseases, mainly including the determinants relating to occupational activity and unemployment...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666044/capturing-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-physical-activity-feasibility-study-and-comparison-between-self-reports-mobile-apps-dosimeters-and-accelerometers
#5
Elke Hacker, Caitlin Horsham, Martin Allen, Andrea Nathan, John Lowe, Monika Janda
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Australia. Skin cancer prevention programs aim to reduce sun exposure and increase sun protection behaviors. Effectiveness is usually assessed through self-report. OBJECTIVE: It was the aim of this study to test the acceptance and validity of a newly developed ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure app, designed to reduce the data collection burden to research participants. Physical activity data was collected because a strong focus on sun avoidance may result in unhealthy reductions in physical activity...
April 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665986/prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-pathophysiological-based-approach
#6
REVIEW
Dorit Samocha-Bonet, Sophie Debs, Jerry R Greenfield
Prediabetes affects approximately 40% of American adults. Randomized trials report that a proportion of individuals with prediabetes develop diabetes despite caloric restriction, physical activity, and/or when treated with metformin, the first-line medication for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Currently, there are no valid predictors of the effectiveness of these measures in determining who will and who will not progress to the T2DM state. Few studies have examined the clinical and phenotypic predictors of better and worse glycemic response to lifestyle interventions and metformin in prediabetes and diabetes...
April 14, 2018: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661154/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-factors-influencing-physical-activity-of-65-to-75-year-olds-a-pan-european-cohort-study-based-on-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe-share
#7
Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell, Karin Bammann
BACKGROUND: The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA in older adults. Therefore the aims of this study are a) to determine the prevalence of insufficient physical activity (IPA) in 65 to 75-year-olds in Europe and to identify factors associated with IPA in cross-section and b) to identify longitudinal risk factors for IPA in prior active persons...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659546/physical-activity-on-prescription-with-counsellor-support-a-4-year-registry-based-study-in-routine-health-care-in-sweden
#8
Pia Andersen, Sara Holmberg, Lena Lendahls, Per Nilsen, Margareta Kristenson
Background : Public health gains from physical activity on prescription (PAP) depend on uptake in routine care. We performed an evaluation of the implementation, in a Swedish county council, of counsellors who give personalized support to PAP recipients aimed at facilitating PAP delivery. The aim was to compare characteristics between PAP recipients and the health care population as well as between PAP recipients who used and did not use counsellor support. We also investigated professional belonging and health care setting of health care professionals who prescribed PAP...
April 16, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658797/physical-activity-during-hospitalization-activities-and-preferences-of-adults-versus-older-adults
#9
Jorit Meesters, D Conijn, H M Vermeulen, Tpm Vliet Vlieland
OBJECTIVE: Inactivity during hospitalization leads to a functional decline and an increased risk of complications. To date, studies focused on older adults. This study aims to compare the physical activities performed by older adult and adult hospitalized patients. METHODS: Patients hospitalized for >3 days at a university hospital completed a questionnaire regarding their physical activities (% of days on which an activity was performed divided by the length of stay) and physical activity needs during hospitalization...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653225/self-regulation-of-the-peruvian-food-industry-health-message-cues-in-the-context-of-food-and-beverage-advertisements
#10
P Busse, A Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: One strategy to prevent the onset of non-communicable diseases is to motivate healthy lifestyles through health media messages. In Peru, the food industry is currently implementing such strategy with health message cues, in the form of a small icon of a walking person or a healthy dish, appearing on televised food and beverage advertisements. Yet the extent of this practice is unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was three-fold: to identify (1) the food and beverage advertisements showing health cues, (2) the types of health cues, and (3) their length in time...
April 10, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651189/physical-activity-and-personality-development-over-twenty-years-evidence-from-three-longitudinal-samples
#11
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Grégoire Bosselut, Antonio Terracciano
A physically inactive lifestyle is associated with maladaptive patterns of personality development over relatively short follow-up periods. The present study extends existing research by examining whether this association persists over 20 years. Participants (total N = 8,723) were drawn from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Graduates and Siblings samples and the Midlife in the United States Study. Controlling for demographic factors and disease burden, baseline physical inactivity was related to steeper declines in conscientiousness in all three samples and a meta-analysis (β=-...
April 2018: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649997/year-round-effects-of-a-four-week-randomized-controlled-trial-using-different-types-of-feedback-on-employees-physical-activity
#12
Karen Van Hoye, Anne I Wijtzes, Johan Lefevre, Stijn De Baere, Filip Boen
BACKGROUND: This follow-up study investigated the year-round effects of a four-week randomized controlled trial using different types of feedback on employees' physical activity, including a need-supportive coach intervention. METHODS: Participants (n = 227) were randomly assigned to a Minimal Intervention Group (MIG; no feedback), a Pedometer Group (PG; feedback on daily steps only), a Display Group (DG; feedback on daily steps, on daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA] and on total energy expenditure [EE]), or a Coaching Group (CoachG; same as DG with need supportive coaching)...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649992/protocol-for-promoting-recovery-optimization-of-walking-activity-in-stroke-prowalks-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Henry Wright, Tamara Wright, Ryan T Pohlig, Scott E Kasner, Jonathan Raser-Schramm, Darcy Reisman
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are more physically inactive than even the most sedentary older adults, and low activity is associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, medical complications, and mortality. We hypothesize that the combination of a fast walking intervention that improves walking capacity, with a step activity monitoring program that facilitates translation of gains from the clinic to the "real-world", would generate greater improvements in real world walking activity than with either intervention alone...
April 12, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649789/improving-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-by-smartphone-supported-energy-management-the-ms-telecoach-feasibility-study
#14
Marie D'hooghe, Geert Van Gassen, Daphne Kos, Olivier Bouquiaux, Melissa Cambron, Danny Decoo, Andreas Lysandropoulos, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Barbara Willekens, Iris-Katharina Penner, Guy Nagels
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a frequently occurring, often disabling symptom in MS with no single effective treatment. In current fatigue management interventions, personalized, real-time follow-up is often lacking. The objective of the study is to assess the feasibility of the MS TeleCoach, a novel intervention offering telemonitoring of fatigue and telecoaching of physical activity and energy management in persons with MS (pwMS) over a 12-week period. The goal of the MS TeleCoach, conceived as a combination of monitoring, self-management and motivational messages, is to enhance levels of physical activity thereby improving fatigue in pwMS in an accessible and interactive way, reinforcing self-management of patients...
March 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649160/eye-on-the-ball-table-tennis-as-a-pro-health-form-of-leisure-time-physical-activity
#15
Elżbieta Biernat, Sonia Buchholtz, Justyna Krzepota
Background: The article is devoted to an analysis of leisure-time (amateur) table tennis in Poland, its practitioners and the regularities of their activity. Methods: The study examined 12,406 persons in 4689 households (representative for the population). We used binary logistic regression and descriptive statistics in order to identify the patterns and determinants of table-tennis practice in Poland. Results: Table tennis is practised by 2.8% of population, and by 6.6% of physically active Poles. Among adults it is predominantly an occasional recreational game, not performed as a sport per se...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627803/danish-centre-for-strategic-research-in-type-2-diabetes-dd2-project-cohort-of-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cohort-profile
#16
Diana Hedevang Christensen, Sia Kromann Nicolaisen, Klára Berencsi, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Jørgen Rungby, Søren Friborg, Ivan Brandslund, Jens Sandahl Christiansen, Allan Vaag, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to provide a detailed description of the ongoing nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project cohort and biobank. The DD2 cohort continuously enrols newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) throughout Denmark. The overall goal of the DD2 project is to establish a large and data-rich T2D cohort that can serve as a platform for exhaustive T2D research including (1) improved genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of T2D, (2) intervention studies of more individualised T2D treatment, (3) pharmacoepidemiological studies and (4) long-term follow-up studies on predictors of T2D complications and prognosis...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617707/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-predict-changes-in-vitality-during-a-weight-loss-trial-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Kelly M Kenzik, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Patricia A Ganz, Graham Colditz, Cheryl L Rock, Laura Q Rogers
Background: Breast cancer survivors rank fatigue (e.g., decreased vitality) as their number one concern affecting quality of life. Excess adiposity is associated with decreased vitality in breast cancer survivors, yet weight loss intervention trials report inconsistent effects on this parameter. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Exercise and Nutrition to Enhance Recovery and Good Health for You trial, in which 692 overweight or obese breast cancer survivors ≤5 years from diagnosis, initiated weight loss interventions, and completed assessments semi-annually for 2 years...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615084/the-association-between-self-rated-health-and-social-environments-health-behaviors-and-health-outcomes-a-structural-equation-analysis
#18
Bevan Adrian Craig, Darren Peter Morton, Peter John Morey, Lillian Marton Kent, Alva Barry Gane, Terry Leslie Butler, Paul Meredith Rankin, Kevin Ross Price
BACKGROUND: The factors shaping the health of the current generation of adolescents are multi-dimensional and complex. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents attending a faith-based school system in Australia. METHODS: A total of 788 students attending 21 Seventh-day Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey that assessed SRH as well as potential determinants of SRH including the health outcomes mental health, vitality, body mass index (BMI), select health behaviors, social factors and personal demographics...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614667/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-incident-dementia-the-mayo-clinic-study-of-aging
#19
Janina Krell-Roesch, Nathanael T Feder, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, Teresa J Christianson, David S Knopman, Ronald C Petersen, Yonas E Geda
We conducted a prospective cohort study derived from the population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. We investigated if leisure-time physical activity among individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was associated with a decreased risk of developing dementia. 280 persons aged≥70 years (median 81 years, 165 males) with MCI and available data from neurologic evaluation, neuropsychological testing, and questionnaire-based physical activity assessment, were followed for a median of 3 years to the outcomes of incident dementia or censoring variables...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613996/timing-and-predictors-of-mild-and-severe-heat-illness-among-new-military-enlistees
#20
D Alan Nelson, Patricia A Deuster, Francis G OʼConnor, Lianne M Kurina
PURPOSE: Heat illnesses are important and potentially fatal conditions among physically active individuals. We determined predictors of heat illness among enlistees in a large military population experiencing common physical activity patterns. METHODS: We estimated the adjusted odds of mild and severe heat illness associated with demographic, health-related, and geographic factors among active-duty, United States Army soldiers enlisting between January 2011 - December 2014 (N=238,168) using discrete-time multivariable logistic regression analyses...
April 27, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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