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"Personality" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545182/breast-cancer-in-australian-indigenous-women-incidence-mortality-and-risk-factors
#1
Kriscia A Tapia, Gail Garvey, Mark Mc Entee, Mary Rickard, Patrick Brennan
The Indigenous people of Australia face significant health gaps compared with the general population, with lower life expectancies, higher rates of death, and chronic illness occurring more often than in non-indigenous Australians. Cancer is the second largest contributor to the burden of disease with breast cancer being the most common invasive cancer diagnosed for females. Despite a lower breast cancer incidence compared with non-indigenous women, fatalities occur at an elevated rate and breast cancers have an earlier age of onset...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544551/electronic-based-lifestyle-interventions-in-overweight-or-obese-perinatal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Y Lau, P Klainin-Yobas, T P Htun, S N Wong, K L Tan, S T Ho-Lim, C Chi, C Tsai, K W Ong, S Shorey, W S W Tam
Electronic-based (e-based) lifestyle interventions provide potential and cost-effective delivery of remote interventions for overweight and obese perinatal women. To date, no meta-analysis has reported the efficacy of maternal and neonatal outcomes. Seven electronic databases were searched from inception up to July 13, 2016, including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus. Among the 1,145 studies retrieved, 14 randomized controlled trials were selected among 17 publications...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541105/personal-care-plans-and-glycaemic-control-the-role-of-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity
#3
Kanayo Umeh
BACKGROUND: although body mass index (BMI) and physical activity are implicated in diabetes complications, it is unclear how these factors influence personalised care planning linked to glycaemic control. This study assessed the mediating effects of BMI and physical activity on relations between personalised care plans (PCPs) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, using population-based data. METHOD: Bootstrapping was used to analyse PCP, HbA1c, BMI, and physical activity data from 3894 respondents to the 2014 Health Survey for England, for whom HbA1c data were available, regardless of diabetes status...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540106/association-of-physical-performance-and-fear-avoidance-beliefs-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
V P Panhale, R S Gurav, S K Nahar
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a commonest musculoskeletal disorder affecting majority of people. Activity limitations are difficulties an individual may have in executing activities resulting from person's functioning and disability. According to the fear-avoidance model of low back pain, individuals who perceive pain as a sign of potential damage are more likely to avoid behaviors that increase their anxiety and show sub-maximal performance during physical activity. AIM: Purpose of this study was to find the association between activity limitation and fear avoidance belief in patients with chronic low back pain...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540101/health-status-and-lifestyle-habits-of-us-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study
#5
B J Brehm, S S Summer, J C Khoury, A T Filak, M A Lieberman, J E Heubi
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that physicians and medical students who engage in healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to counsel patients about such behaviors. Yet medical school is a challenging time that may bring about undesired changes to health and lifestyle habits. AIMS: This study assessed changes in students' health and lifestyle behaviors during medical school. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a longitudinal study, students were assessed at both the beginning and end of medical school...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539681/risk-of-falls-in-the-rheumatic-patient-at-geriatric-age
#6
REVIEW
Agnieszka Prusinowska, Arkadiusz Komorowski, Teresa Sadura-Sieklucka, Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska
Evaluating the risk of falling of a geriatric rheumatic patient plays an essential role not only in planning and carrying out the physiotherapeutic process. The consequences of falls may be different and, although they do not always result in serious repercussions such as fractures or injuries, it is sufficient that they generate the fear of falling and cause a significant reduction in physical activity. Assessing functional capacity to define the risk of falling is of utmost importance in the case of patients after joint arthroplasty surgeries...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537246/-evolution-of-asthma-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-and-health-factors-associated-in-madrid-region-1996-2013
#7
Patricia López Pereira, Ana María Gandarillas Grande, Lucía Díez Gañán, María Ordobás Gavín
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is an important public health issue. The goal of this study is to analyse the trends in self-reported asthma prevalence in the Madrid Region and its association with socio-demographic and health factors. METHODS: Data from the "Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Surveillance System" in adult population (SIVFRENT-A) 1996-2013 were used. Prevalences and 95% CI were estimated for: current asthma, cumulative prevalence of asthma and asthma attack in the last 12 months, in five periods...
May 25, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535254/invited-commentary-cassel-s-the-contribution-of-the-social-environment-to-host-resistance-a-modern-classic
#9
Sherman A James
John Cassel's 1976 paper "The Contribution of the Social Environment to Host Resistance" (Am J Epidemiol. 1976;104(2):107-123) is widely regarded as a classic in epidemiology. He makes the compelling argument that the quality of a person's social relationships, that is, the degree to which her relationships are more stressful than supportive (or vice versa) influences her susceptibility to disease independent of genetic endowment, diet, physical activity, etc. Cassel's provocative thesis was anchored in a cogent synthesis of findings from animal experiments and observational studies on diverse human populations...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534860/hemophilia-care-in-the-pediatric-age
#10
REVIEW
Marta Bertamino, Francesca Riccardi, Laura Banov, Johanna Svahn, Angelo Claudio Molinari
Hemophilia is the most common of the severe bleeding disorders and if not properly managed since early infancy can lead to chronic disease and lifelong disabilities. However, it enjoys the most efficacious and safe treatment among the most prevalent monogenic disorders. Hemophilia should be considered in the neonatal period in the case of unusual bleeding or in the case of positive family history. Later, hemophilia should be suspected mainly in males because of abnormal bruising/bleeding or unusual bleeding following invasive procedures-for example, tonsillectomy or circumcision...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533622/the-effects-of-a-combined-physical-activity-recreation-and-art-and-craft-program-on-adl-cognition-and-depression-in-the-elderly
#11
DeokJu Kim
[Purpose] To determine the effects of a combined physical activity, arts and crafts, and recreational program on the activities of daily living (ADL), cognitive function, and depression in the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight elderly persons aged 65 years or older who live in P City, South Korea participated in a program combining arts and crafts and physical and recreational activities, twice weekly for eight weeks (a total of 16 sessions). The subjects' ADL, cognitive function, and depression were measured before and after the program using the following assessment instruments: the FIM, MMSE-K, and BDI, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#12
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532414/association-between-body-mass-index-and-firmicutes-bacteroidetes-ratio-in-an-adult-ukrainian-population
#13
Alexander Koliada, Ganna Syzenko, Vladislav Moseiko, Liudmyla Budovska, Kostiantyn Puchkov, Vyacheslav Perederiy, Yuriy Gavalko, Andriy Dorofeyev, Maryana Romanenko, Sergiy Tkach, Lyudmila Sineok, Oleh Lushchak, Alexander Vaiserman
BACKGROUND: Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity is associated with a composition of gut microbiota. There are some controversies, however, about the composition of gut microbial communities in obese individuals in different populations. To examine the association between body mass index and microbiota composition in Ukrainian population, fecal concentrations of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio were analyzed in 61 adult individuals...
May 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531416/nutrition-for-physically-active-older-person
#14
Nada Rotovnik Kozjek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531149/changes-in-objectively-determined-walkability-and-physical-activity-in-adults-a-quasi-longitudinal-residential-relocation-study
#15
Gavin R McCormack, Lindsay McLaren, Grazia Salvo, Anita Blackstaffe
Causal evidence for the built environment's role in supporting physical activity is needed to inform land use and transportation policies. This quasi-longitudinal residential relocation study compared within-person changes in self-reported transportation walking, transportation cycling, and overall physical activity during the past 12 months among adults who did and did not move to a different neighbourhood. In 2014, a random sample of adults from 12 neighbourhoods (Calgary, AB, Canada) with varying urban form and socioeconomic status provided complete self-administered questionnaire data (n = 915)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530510/self-reported-physical-activity-and-exercise-patterns-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#16
Osarhiemen A Omwanghe, Devin S Muntz, Soyang Kwon, Simone Montgomery, Opeyemi Kemiki, Lewis L Hsu, Alexis A Thompson, Robert I Liem
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) significantly affects physical functioning. We examined physical activity (PA) patterns in children with SCD versus a national sample and factors associated with PA and participation in physical education and organized sports. METHOD: One hundred children with SCD completed a 58-item survey with questions from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Physical Activity Questionnaire and others on physical education and sports, disease impact, and physical functioning...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529160/do-unfavourable-alcohol-smoking-nutrition-and-physical-activity-predict-sustained-leisure-time-sedentary-behaviour-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Carla F J Nooijen, Jette Möller, Yvonne Forsell, Maria Ekblom, Maria R Galanti, Karin Engström
Comparing lifestyle of people remaining sedentary during longer periods of their life with those favourably changing their behaviour can provide cues to optimize interventions targeting sedentary behaviour. The objective of this study was to determine lifestyle predictors of sustained leisure time sedentary behaviour and assess whether these predictors were dependent on gender, age, socioeconomic position and occupational sedentary behaviour. Data from a large longitudinal population-based cohort of adults (aged 18-97years) in Stockholm responding to public health surveys in 2010 and 2014 were analysed (n=49,133)...
May 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#18
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526031/breast-cancer-relatives-physical-activity-intervention-needs-and-preferences-qualitative-results
#19
Sheri J Hartman, Rochelle K Rosen
BACKGROUND: While many risk factors for breast cancer, such as family history, are not modifiable, some, however, can be modified. The study used formative qualitative research to learn about the physical activity intervention preferences and needs of first-degree female relatives (FDFRs) of breast cancer patients; that information was then used to develop a targeted physical activity intervention. METHODS: Twenty FDFRs first completed a 12-week physical activity intervention and then attended two sequential focus groups (7 groups total)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521801/why-are-some-people-more-fit-than-others-correlates-and-determinants-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Nita Perumal, Gert B M Mensink, Thomas Keil, Jonas David Finger
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a physical condition that is now well established as a predictor of numerous adverse health outcomes, independent of physical activity levels. In order to be able to improve CRF at the population level and to develop effective interventions and public health programmes, it is important to understand why some people are more fit than others. Therefore, the primary aim of the systematic review described in this protocol is to examine individual and interpersonal factors that are correlated with or determine CRF among adults...
May 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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