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Deschamps cdx

Roel Neijts, Shilu Amin, Carina van Rooijen, Jacqueline Deschamps
Cdx and Hox transcription factors are important regulators of axial patterning and are required for tissue generation along the vertebrate body axis. Cdx genes have been demonstrated to act upstream of Hox genes in midgestation embryos. Here, we investigate the role of Cdx transcription factors in the gradual colinear activation of the Hox clusters. We found that Hox temporally colinear expression is severely affected in epiblast stem cells derived from Cdx null embryos. We demonstrate that after initiation of 3' Hox gene transcription, Cdx activity is crucial for H3K27ac deposition and for accessibility of cis-regulatory elements around the central - or 'trunk' - Hox genes...
February 15, 2017: Developmental Biology
Shilu Amin, Roel Neijts, Salvatore Simmini, Carina van Rooijen, Sander C Tan, Lennart Kester, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Menno P Creyghton, Jacqueline Deschamps
In vertebrate embryos, anterior tissues are generated early, followed by the other axial structures that emerge sequentially from a posterior growth zone. The genetic network driving posterior axial elongation in mice, and its disturbance in mutants with posterior truncation, is not yet fully understood. Here, we show that the combined expression of Cdx2 and T Brachyury is essential to establish the core signature of posterior axial progenitors. Cdx2 and T Brachyury are required for extension of a similar trunk portion of the axis...
December 20, 2016: Cell Reports
Monika Bialecka, Teddy Young, Susana Chuva de Sousa Lopes, Derk ten Berge, Anneke Sanders, Felix Beck, Jacqueline Deschamps
Cdx gene products regulate the extent of axial elongation from the posterior growth zone. These transcription factors sustain the emergence of trunk and tail tissues by providing a suitable niche in the axial progenitor zone, via regulation of Wnt signaling. Cdx genes are expressed in and along the complete primitive streak including its posterior part wherefrom the extraembryonic mesoderm of the allantois emerges. Cdx genes are required for the full development of the allantois and its derivatives in the placental labyrinth...
November 15, 2012: Developmental Biology
Carina van Rooijen, Salvatore Simmini, Monika Bialecka, Roel Neijts, Cesca van de Ven, Felix Beck, Jacqueline Deschamps
Mouse Cdx genes are involved in axial patterning and partial Cdx mutants exhibit posterior embryonic defects. We found that mouse embryos in which all three Cdx genes are inactivated fail to generate any axial tissue beyond the cephalic and occipital primordia. Anterior axial tissues are laid down and well patterned in Cdx null embryos, and a 3' Hox gene is initially transcribed and expressed in the hindbrain normally. Axial elongation stops abruptly at the post-occipital level in the absence of Cdx, as the posterior growth zone loses its progenitor activity...
July 2012: Development
Cesca van de Ven, Monika Bialecka, Roel Neijts, Teddy Young, Jennifer E Rowland, Emma J Stringer, Carina Van Rooijen, Frits Meijlink, Ana Nóvoa, Jean-Noel Freund, Moises Mallo, Felix Beck, Jacqueline Deschamps
Decrease in Cdx dosage in an allelic series of mouse Cdx mutants leads to progressively more severe posterior vertebral defects. These defects are corrected by posterior gain of function of the Wnt effector Lef1. Precocious expression of Hox paralogous 13 genes also induces vertebral axis truncation by antagonizing Cdx function. We report here that the phenotypic similarity also applies to patterning of the caudal neural tube and uro-rectal tracts in Cdx and Wnt3a mutants, and in embryos precociously expressing Hox13 genes...
August 2011: Development
Monika Bialecka, Valerie Wilson, Jacqueline Deschamps
Cdx transcription factors are required for axial extension. Cdx genes are expressed in the posterior growth zone, a region that supplies new cells for axial elongation. Cdx2(+/-)Cdx4(-/-) (Cdx2/4) mutant embryos show abnormalities in axis elongation from E8.5, culminating in axial truncation at E10.5. These data raised the possibility that the long-term axial progenitors of Cdx mutants are intrinsically impaired in their ability to contribute to posterior growth. We investigated whether we could identify cell-autonomous defects of the axial progenitor cells by grafting mutant cells into a wild type growth zone environment...
November 1, 2010: Developmental Biology
Teddy Young, Jennifer Elizabeth Rowland, Cesca van de Ven, Monika Bialecka, Ana Novoa, Marta Carapuco, Johan van Nes, Wim de Graaff, Isabelle Duluc, Jean-Noël Freund, Felix Beck, Moises Mallo, Jacqueline Deschamps
Hox and Cdx transcription factors regulate embryonic positional identities. Cdx mutant mice display posterior body truncations of the axial skeleton, neuraxis, and caudal urorectal structures. We show that trunk Hox genes stimulate axial extension, as they can largely rescue these Cdx mutant phenotypes. Conversely, posterior (paralog group 13) Hox genes can prematurely arrest posterior axial growth when precociously expressed. Our data suggest that the transition from trunk to tail Hox gene expression successively regulates the construction and termination of axial structures in the mouse embryo...
October 2009: Developmental Cell
Teddy Young, Jacqueline Deschamps
Cdx and Hox gene families descend from the same ProtoHox cluster, already present in the common ancestors of bilaterians and cnidarians, and thought to act by providing anteroposterior (A-P) positional identity to axial tissues in all bilaterians. Mouse Cdx and Hox genes still exhibit common features in their early expression and function. The initiation and early shaping of Hox and Cdx transcriptional domains in mouse embryos are very similar, in keeping with their common involvement in conveying A-P information to the nascent tissues during embryonic axial elongation...
2009: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Johan van Nes, Wim de Graaff, Franck Lebrin, Markus Gerhard, Felix Beck, Jacqueline Deschamps
Caudal related homeobox (Cdx) genes have so far been shown to be important for embryonic axial elongation and patterning in several vertebrate species. We have generated a targeted mutation of mouse Cdx4, the third member of this family of transcription factor encoding genes and the last one to be inactivated genetically. Cdx4-null embryos were born healthy and appeared morphologically normal. A subtle contribution of Cdx4 to anteroposterior (AP) vertebral patterning was revealed in Cdx1/Cdx4 and Cdx2/Cdx4 compound mutants...
February 2006: Development
Eric van den Akker, Sylvie Forlani, Kallayanee Chawengsaksophak, Wim de Graaff, Felix Beck, Barbara I Meyer, Jacqueline Deschamps
Mouse Cdx and Hox genes presumably evolved from genes on a common ancestor cluster involved in anteroposterior patterning. Drosophila caudal (cad) is involved in specifying the posterior end of the early embryo, and is essential for patterning tissues derived from the most caudal segment, the analia. Two of the three mouse Cdx paralogues, Cdx 1 and Cdx2, are expressed early in a Hox-like manner in the three germ layers. In the nascent paraxial mesoderm, both genes are expressed in cells contributing first to the most rostral, and then to progressively more caudal parts of the vertebral column...
May 2002: Development
J Deschamps, E van den Akker, S Forlani, W De Graaff, T Oosterveen, B Roelen, J Roelfsema
Spatially and temporally restricted expression of the Hox genes along the main and appendicular axes is essential for correct patterning of vertebrate embryos. In this overview we discuss the latest data that shed light on the mechanisms underlying the generation of the expression domains of the Hox genes. The molecular genetic interactions governing initial transcription of the Hox genes in the posterior part of the primitive streak during mouse and chick gastrulation remain enigmatic. But the recent discovery by Kondo and Duboule (Cell, 97, 1999, 407-417) of a "cluster repressive regulation", will undoubtedly lead to a better understanding of the molecular genetic mechanism underlying colinear and sequential initiation of Hox gene transcription...
1999: International Journal of Developmental Biology
J Charité, W de Graaff, D Consten, M J Reijnen, J Korving, J Deschamps
Studies of pattern formation in the vertebrate central nervous system indicate that anteroposterior positional information is generated in the embryo by signalling gradients of an as yet unknown nature. We searched for transcription factors that transduce this information to the Hox genes. Based on the assumption that the activity levels of such factors might vary with position along the anteroposterior axis, we devised an in vivo assay to detect responsiveness of cis-acting sequences to such differentially active factors...
November 1998: Development
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