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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352477/benzodiazepines-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#1
REVIEW
Hanna Bergman, Paranthaman S Bhoopathi, Karla Soares-Weiser
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a disfiguring movement disorder, often of the orofacial region, frequently caused by using antipsychotic drugs. A wide range of strategies have been used to help manage TD, and for those who are unable to have their antipsychotic medication stopped or substantially changed, the benzodiazepine group of drugs have been suggested as a useful adjunctive treatment. However, benzodiazepines are very addictive. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of benzodiazepines for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or other chronic mental illnesses...
January 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352154/resting-state-brain-networks-in-the-prairie-vole
#2
Juan J Ortiz, Wendy Portillo, Raul G Paredes, Larry J Young, Sarael Alcauter
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) has shown the hierarchical organization of the human brain into large-scale complex networks, referred as resting state networks. This technique has turned into a promising translational research tool after the finding of similar resting state networks in non-human primates, rodents and other animal models of great value for neuroscience. Here, we demonstrate and characterize the presence of resting states networks in Microtus ochrogaster, the prairie vole, an extraordinary animal model to study complex human-like social behavior, with potential implications for the research of normal social development, addiction and neuropsychiatric disorders...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351350/visualized-analysis-of-developing-trends-and-hot-topics-in-natural-disaster-research
#3
Shi Shen, Changxiu Cheng, Jing Yang, Shanli Yang
This study visualized and analyzed the developing trends and hot topics in natural disaster research. 19694 natural disaster-related articles (January 1900 to June 2015) are indexed in the Web of Science database. The first step in this study is using complex networks to visualize and analyze these articles. CiteSpace and Gephi were employed to generate a countries collaboration network and a disciplines collaboration network, and then attached hot topics to countries and disciplines, respectively. The results show that USA, China, and Italy are the three major contributors to natural disaster research...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350514/hospitalized-patients-and-family-members-preferences-for-real-time-transparent-access-to-their-hospital-records
#4
Michael J Waxman, Kurt Lozier, Lana Vasiljevic, Kira Novakofski, James Desemone, John O'Kane, Elizabeth M Dufort, David Wood, Ashar Ata, Louis Filhour, Richard J Blinkhorn
OBJECTIVES: To better understand patient satisfaction and perceived engagement with traditional hospital-based communication and to elicit patient preferences for health information technologies that would lead to improved satisfaction and engagement. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a mixed-methods study involving qualitative interviews followed by a survey of hospitalized patients and their family members at a single large academic medical center. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 41 patients and surveyed 267 patients or family members to elicit their perspectives on satisfaction with traditional hospital communication methods, information needed to more fully engage in the patients' medical care, and potential solutions for improved hospital-based communication...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350318/father-absence-social-networks-and-maternal-ratings-of-child-health-evidence-from-the-2013-social-networks-and-health-information-survey-in-mexico
#5
Heather B Edelblute, Claire E Altman
Objectives To bridge the literature on the effect of father absence, international migration, and social networks on child health, we assess the association between father absence and maternal ratings of child poor health (MCPH). Next we test whether social networks of immediate and extended kin mediate the relationship between fathers' absence and MCPH. Methods Nested logistic regression models predicting MCPH are estimated using the 2013 Social Networks and Health Information Survey, collected in a migrant-sending community in Guanajuato, Mexico...
January 19, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349880/beyond-the-realist-turn-a-socio-material-analysis-of-heart-failure-self-care
#6
Allan McDougall, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Mark Goldszmidt, Karen Harkness, Patricia Strachan, Lorelei Lingard
For patients living with chronic illnesses, self-care has been linked with positive outcomes such as decreased hospitalisation, longer lifespan, and improved quality of life. However, despite calls for more and better self-care interventions, behaviour change trials have repeatedly fallen short on demonstrating effectiveness. The literature on heart failure (HF) stands as a case in point, and a growing body of HF studies advocate realist approaches to self-care research and policymaking. We label this trend the 'realist turn' in HF self-care...
January 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349872/the-personal-communities-of-men-experiencing-later-life-widowhood
#7
Tracy Collins
Increasingly men are becoming widowed in later life due in part to a longer life expectancy. Social networks and social support are thought to help buffer the negative consequences of such later life transitions. This paper explores the personal communities of a group of older men experiencing widowhood. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted, September 2013-February 2014, with seven older widowers, 71-89 years of age, in North Staffordshire, UK. Interviews included personal community diagrams to identify the structure of the older men's social relationships...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349505/embracing-your-emotions-affective-state-impacts-lateralisation-of-human-embraces
#8
Julian Packheiser, Noemi Rook, Zeynep Dursun, Janne Mesenhöller, Alrescha Wenglorz, Onur Güntürkün, Sebastian Ocklenburg
Humans are highly social animals that show a wide variety of verbal and non-verbal behaviours to communicate social intent. One of the most frequently used non-verbal social behaviours is embracing, commonly used as an expression of love and affection. However, it can also occur in a large variety of social situations entailing negative (fear or sadness) or neutral emotionality (formal greetings). Embracing is also experienced from birth onwards in mother-infant interactions and is thus accompanying human social interaction across the whole lifespan...
January 18, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349278/machine-learning-approaches-to-the-social-determinants-of-health-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#9
Benjamin Seligman, Shripad Tuljapurkar, David Rehkopf
Background: Social and economic factors are important predictors of health and of recognized importance for health systems. However, machine learning, used elsewhere in the biomedical literature, has not been extensively applied to study relationships between society and health. We investigate how machine learning may add to our understanding of social determinants of health using data from the Health and Retirement Study. Methods: A linear regression of age and gender, and a parsimonious theory-based regression additionally incorporating income, wealth, and education, were used to predict systolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, and telomere length...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349238/engagement-with-health-care-providers-as-a-mediator-between-social-capital-and-quality-of-life-among-a-sample-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-path-analysis
#10
SoSon Jong, Adam Carrico, Bruce Cooper, Lisa Thompson, Carmen Portillo
Background: Social capital is "features of social organizations-networks, norms, and as trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit". People with high social capital have lower mortality and better health outcomes. Although utilization of social networks has grown, social capital continues to be a complex concept in relation to health promotion. This study examined 1) associations between social capital and quality of life (QoL), 2) factors of social capital leading to higher QoL among people living with HIV (PLWH), 3) role of health care providers (HCP) as a mediator between social capital and QoL...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349235/social-pathways-to-health-on-the-mediating-role-of-the-social-network-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-position-and-health
#11
Marja Aartsen, Marijke Veenstra, Thomas Hansen
Good health is one of the key qualities of life, but opportunities to be and remain healthy are unequally distributed across socio-economic groups. The beneficial health effects of the social network are well known. However, research on the social network as potential mediator in the pathway from socio-economic position (SEP) to health is scarce, while there are good reasons to expect a socio-economical patterning of networks. We aim to contribute to our understanding of socio-economic inequalities in health by examining the mediating role of structural and functional characteristics of the social network in the SEP-health relationship...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349218/comparing-methods-of-targeting-obesity-interventions-in-populations-an-agent-based-simulation
#12
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Mehdi Jalalpour, Thomas A Glass
Social networks as well as neighborhood environments have been shown to effect obesity-related behaviors including energy intake and physical activity. Accordingly, harnessing social networks to improve targeting of obesity interventions may be promising to the extent this leads to social multiplier effects and wider diffusion of intervention impact on populations. However, the literature evaluating network-based interventions has been inconsistent. Computational methods like agent-based models (ABM) provide researchers with tools to experiment in a simulated environment...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#13
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348111/leveraging-social-networking-sites-for-an-autoimmune-hepatitis-genetic-repository-pilot-study-to-evaluate-feasibility
#14
Megan Comerford, Rachel Fogel, James Robert Bailey, Prianka Chilukuri, Naga Chalasani, Craig Steven Lammert
BACKGROUND: Conventional approaches to participant recruitment are often inadequate in rare disease investigation. Social networking sites such as Facebook may provide a vehicle to circumvent common research limitations and pitfalls. We report our preliminary experience with Facebook-based methodology for participant recruitment and participation into an ongoing study of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). OBJECTIVE: The goal of our research was to conduct a pilot study to assess whether a Facebook-based methodology is capable of recruiting geographically widespread participants into AIH patient-oriented research and obtaining quality phenotypic data...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348041/executive-dysfunction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-associated-with-a-failure-to-modulate-frontoparietal-insular-hub-architecture
#15
Charles J Lynch, Andrew L Breeden, Xiaozhen You, Ruth Ludlum, William D Gaillard, Lauren Kenworthy, Chandan J Vaidya
BACKGROUND: Comorbid executive dysfunction in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a barrier to adaptive functioning, despite remittance of core social-communication symptoms. Network models of ASD address core symptoms but not comorbid executive dysfunction. Following recent demonstrations in healthy adults that, with increasing executive demands, hubs embedded within frontoparietal-insular control networks interact with a more diverse set of networks, we hypothesized that the capability of hubs to do so is perturbed in ASD and predicts executive behavior...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347869/social-support-networks-and-quality-of-life-of-rural-men-in-a-context-of-marriage-squeeze-in-china
#16
Sasa Wang, Xueyan Yang, Isabelle Attané
A significant number of rural Chinese men are facing difficulties in finding a spouse and may fail to ever marry due to a relative scarcity of women in the adult population. Research has indicated that marriage squeeze is a stressful event which is harmful to men's quality of life, and also weakens their social support networks. Using data collected in rural Chaohu city, Anhui, China, this study explores the effects of social support networks on quality of life of rural men who experience a marriage squeeze...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347768/zealotry-effects-on-opinion-dynamics-in-the-adaptive-voter-model
#17
Pascal P Klamser, Marc Wiedermann, Jonathan F Donges, Reik V Donner
The adaptive voter model has been widely studied as a conceptual model for opinion formation processes on time-evolving social networks. Past studies on the effect of zealots, i.e., nodes aiming to spread their fixed opinion throughout the system, only considered the voter model on a static network. Here we extend the study of zealotry to the case of an adaptive network topology co-evolving with the state of the nodes and investigate opinion spreading induced by zealots depending on their initial density and connectedness...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347723/hierarchical-benchmark-graphs-for-testing-community-detection-algorithms
#18
Zhao Yang, Juan I Perotti, Claudio J Tessone
Hierarchical organization is an important, prevalent characteristic of complex systems; to understand their organization, the study of the underlying (generally complex) networks that describe the interactions between their constituents plays a central role. Numerous previous works have shown that many real-world networks in social, biologic, and technical systems present hierarchical organization, often in the form of a hierarchy of community structures. Many artificial benchmark graphs have been proposed to test different community detection methods, but no benchmark has been developed to thoroughly test the detection of hierarchical community structures...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347688/infection-dynamics-on-spatial-small-world-network-models
#19
Bryan Iotti, Alberto Antonioni, Seth Bullock, Christian Darabos, Marco Tomassini, Mario Giacobini
The study of complex networks, and in particular of social networks, has mostly concentrated on relational networks, abstracting the distance between nodes. Spatial networks are, however, extremely relevant in our daily lives, and a large body of research exists to show that the distances between nodes greatly influence the cost and probability of establishing and maintaining a link. A random geometric graph (RGG) is the main type of synthetic network model used to mimic the statistical properties and behavior of many social networks...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347608/mapping-and-discrimination-of-networks-in-the-complexity-entropy-plane
#20
Marc Wiedermann, Jonathan F Donges, Jürgen Kurths, Reik V Donner
Complex networks are usually characterized in terms of their topological, spatial, or information-theoretic properties and combinations of the associated metrics are used to discriminate networks into different classes or categories. However, even with the present variety of characteristics at hand it still remains a subject of current research to appropriately quantify a network's complexity and correspondingly discriminate between different types of complex networks, like infrastructure or social networks, on such a basis...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
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