keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

social_networks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793050/small-scale-managed-marine-areas-over-time-developments-and-challenges-in-a-local-fijian-reef-fishery
#1
Elodie Fache, Annette Breckwoldt
This paper investigates the Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) approach through looking at developments and challenges of community-based marine resource management over time, with a particular focus on Fiji in the South Pacific region. A diachronic perspective, based on two multi-method empirical studies, is used to exemplify the social complexities of the implementation of this LMMA approach in a specific island setting. This perspective connects local stakeholders' establishment and management of a LMMA covering their entire customary fishing rights area (iqoliqoli) with the national context articulated around the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) network, as well as with regional networking and international conservation dynamics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792738/integrated-interventional-radiology-residency-program-websites-a-development-in-progress
#2
Sherwin Novin, Paul H Yi, Taylor Vanderplas, Douglas Yim, Kelvin Hong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comprehensiveness of interventional radiology (IR) residency program websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined whether all integrated IR residency programs approved in 2016 by the Society for Interventional Radiology had a dedicated residency program website. On each website, we searched for 38 elements identified as important considerations for medical students applying to diagnostic radiology residency and IR fellowship programs...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#3
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792523/personality-homophily-and-geographic-distance-in-facebook
#4
Nyala Noë, Roger M Whitaker, Stuart M Allen
Personality homophily remains an understudied aspect of social networks, with the traditional focus concerning sociodemographic variables as the basis for assortativity, rather than psychological dispositions. We consider the effect of personality homophily on one of the biggest constraints to human social networks: geographic distance. We use the Big five model of personality to make predictions for each of the five facets: Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792073/burnout-and-depressive-symptoms-are-not-primarily-linked-to-perceived-organizational-problems
#5
Renzo Bianchi, Eric Mayor, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent
In this 257-participant study (76% female; mean age: 44.84), we examined two ideas that are widespread among burnout researchers: (a) the idea that burnout is primarily related to occupational-level factors; and (b) the idea that burnout should be considered a sentinel indicator in research on negative occupational outcomes. We investigated the links between burnout and a series of generic and work-related variables, namely, depressive symptoms, neuroticism, extraversion, effort-reward imbalance in the job [ERI], social support at work (SSW), and turnover intention...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791717/termination-of-pregnancy-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-the-decision-making-process-of-pregnant-couples
#6
Stina Lou, Kathrine Carstensen, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Camilla Palmhøj Nielsen, Lone Hvidman, Maja Retpen Lanther, Ida Vogel
In Denmark, first trimester screening has a very high uptake (>90%). If Down syndrome is diagnosed, termination rates are high (>95%). The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of the decision of termination of pregnancy following a Down syndrome diagnosis and the factors influencing this decision MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative interview study with 21 couples who had received a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome and decided to terminate the pregnancy. Participants were recruited from obstetric departments between February 2016 and July 2017...
May 23, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791663/-evolution-and-revolution-the-anarchist-geographers-elis%C3%A3-e-reclus-and-p%C3%A3-tr-kropotkin-and-their-connection-to-modern-science-in-the-nineteenth-and-twentieth-centuries
#7
Federico Ferretti
This text examines the construction of a line of scientific thinking by a group of anarchist geographers who were active in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, most famously represented by Elisée Reclus and Pëtr Kropotkin. The members of this network were simultaneously intellectuals and activists, and the originality of their scientific production stands out in comparison with the science of that time. They were also interested in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and pedagogy, and used the scientific tools from the leading intellectual trains of thought of that era (such as positivism and especially evolutionism) in an attempt to reach different conclusions that did not justify social inequalities, but rather could be used to construct a fairer society...
May 10, 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791463/recurrent-spatio-temporal-modeling-of-check-ins-in-location-based-social-networks
#8
Ali Zarezade, Sina Jafarzadeh, Hamid R Rabiee
Social networks are getting closer to our real physical world. People share the exact location and time of their check-ins and are influenced by their friends. Modeling the spatio-temporal behavior of users in social networks is of great importance for predicting the future behavior of users, controlling the users' movements, and finding the latent influence network. It is observed that users have periodic patterns in their movements. Also, they are influenced by the locations that their close friends recently visited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791433/the-belfast-youth-development-study-byds-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-initiation-persistence-and-desistance-of-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-northern-ireland
#9
Kathryn Higgins, Aisling McLaughlin, Oliver Perra, Claire McCartan, Mark McCann, Andrew Percy, Julie-Ann Jordan
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse persists as a major public health issue worldwide with significant costs for society. The development of interventions requires methodologically sound studies to explore substance misuse causes and consequences. This Cohort description paper outlines the design of the Belfast Youth Development (BYDS), one of the largest cohort studies of its kind in the UK. The study was established to address the need for a long-term prospective cohort study to investigate the initiation, persistence and desistance of substance use, alongside life course processes in adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791039/racial-differences-in-completion-of-the-living-kidney-donor-evaluation-process
#10
Komal Kumar, James M Tonascia, Abimereki D Muzaale, Tanjala S Purnell, Shane E Ottmann, Fawaz Al Ammary, Mary G Bowring, Anna Poon, Elizabeth A King, Allan B Massie, Eric K H Chow, Alvin G Thomas, Hao Ying, Marvin Borja, Jonathan M Konel, Macey Henderson, Andrew M Cameron, Jacqueline M Garonzik-Wang, Dorry L Segev
Racial disparities in living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) persist but the most effective target to eliminate these disparities remains unknown. One potential target could be delays during completion of the live donor evaluation process. We studied racial differences in progression through the evaluation process for 247 African American (AA) and 664 non-AA living donor candidates at our center between January 2011-March 2015. AA candidates were more likely to be obese (38% vs. 22%: p<0.001), biologically-related (66% vs...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790996/dna-methylation-and-inflammation-marker-profiles-associated-with-a-history-of-depression
#11
Bethany Crawford, Zoe Craig, Georgina Mansell, Isobel White, Adam Smith, Steve Spaull, Jennifer Imm, Eilis Hannon, Andrew Wood, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Yingjie Ji, Niamh Mullins, Cathryn M Lewis, Jonathan Mill, Therese M Murphy
Depression is a common and disabling disorder, representing a major social and economic health issue. Moreover, depression is associated with the progression of diseases with an inflammatory etiology including many inflammatory-related disorders. At the molecular level, the mechanisms by which depression might promote the onset of these diseases and associated immune-dysfunction are not well understood. In this study we assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in whole blood-derived DNA obtained from individuals with a self-reported history of depression (n = 100) and individuals without a history of depression (n = 100) using the Illumina 450K microarray...
May 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790153/centenarians-end-of-life-thoughts-and-plans-is-their-social-network-on-the-same-page
#12
Kathrin Boerner, Kyungmin Kim, Yijung Kim, Christoph Rott, Daniela S Jopp
OBJECTIVES: To explore how centenarians think about and plan for the end of life (EOL) and to what extent their primary contacts (proxy informants) are aware of these thoughts. DESIGN: Population-based study with semistructured in-person interviews. SETTING: Defined geographical region approximately 60 km around Heidelberg, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Subsample drawn from the larger study of centenarians (N = 78) with data on centenarians' EOL thoughts from the centenarian and the proxy informant...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789482/the-social-basis-of-vaccine-questioning-and-refusal-a-qualitative-study-employing-bourdieu-s-concepts-of-capitals-and-habitus
#13
Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Paul R Ward
This article is an in-depth analysis of the social nature of vaccine decision-making. It employs the sociological theory of Bourdieu and Ingram to consider how parents experience non-vaccination as a valued form of capital in specific communities, and how this can affect their decision-making. Drawing on research conducted in two Australian cities, our qualitative analysis of new interview data shows that parents experience disjuncture and tugs towards 'appropriate' forms of vaccination behavior in their social networks, as these link to broader behaviors around food, school choices and birth practices...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788975/activism-and-scientific-research-20-years-of-community-action-by-the-vancouver-area-network-of-drug-users
#14
Ehsan Jozaghi, Alissa M Greer, Hugh Lampkin, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, there have been numerous peer-reviewed articles written about people who use drugs (PWUDs) from the Downtown Eastside neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada. While individual researchers have engaged and acknowledged this population as participants and community partners in their work, there has been comparatively little attention given to the role of PWUDs and drug user organizations in directing, influencing, and shaping research agendas. METHODS: In this community-driven research, we examine 20 years of peer-reviewed studies, university theses, books, and reports that have been directed, influenced, and shaped by members of the activist organization the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users (VANDU)...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788243/social-support-and-the-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-among-adults-from-six-european-countries
#15
Nicole Geovana Dias, Diogo Costa, Joaquim Soares, Eleni Hatzidimitriadou, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Örjan Sundin, Olga Toth, Henrique Barros, Silvia Fraga
Background: Social support may buffer the negative effects of violence on physical and mental health. Family medicine providers play an essential role in identifying the available social support and intervening in intimate partner violence (IPV). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the association between social support and the IPV victimization among adults from six European countries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional multi-centre study that included individuals from Athens (Greece), Budapest (Hungary), London (UK), Östersund (Sweden), Porto (Portugal) and Stuttgart (Germany)...
May 21, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788115/neuropathology-education-using-social-media
#16
James S Nix, Jerad M Gardner, Felipe Costa, Alexandre L Soares, Fausto J Rodriguez, Brian Moore, Maria Martinez-Lage, Sunita Ahlawat, Murat Gokden, Douglas C Anthony
Social media use continues to grow among pathologists. Discussions of current topics, posts of educational information, and images of pathological entities are commonly found and distributed on popular sites such as Facebook and Twitter. However, little is known about the presence of neuropathology content in social media and the audience for such content. We designed and distributed a survey to assess the demographics of users viewing neuropathology content and their opinions about neuropathology in social media...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787612/psychosocial-needs-of-young-breast-cancer-survivors-in-mexico-city-mexico
#17
Harper G Hubbeling, Shoshana M Rosenberg, Maria Cecilia González-Robledo, Julia G Cohn, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Ann H Partridge, Felicia M Knaul
OBJECTIVE: Young breast cancer survivors in Mexico face distinct psychosocial challenges that have not been characterized. This study aims to describe the psychosocial needs of young breast cancer survivors in Mexico at 5 or more years of survivorship, identifying areas of focus for early interventions. METHODS: Breast cancer patients diagnosed at age 40 or prior with 5 or more years since diagnosis were invited to participate in one-on-one 30-60 minute semi-structured audio-recorded interviews at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Mexico City...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786182/-medicine-and-nephrology-from-social-networks
#18
Vincenzo Montinaro, Francesca Cianciotta, Vincenza Colucci, Giuseppina D'Ettorre, Pasquale Gallo, Marica Gilberti, Enrica Gintoli, Silvia Matino, Umberto Mercurio, Adriano Montinaro, Chiara Villani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785777/paradoxical-effect-of-baclofen-on-social-behavior-in-the-fragile-x-syndrome-mouse-model
#19
Shimriet Zeidler, Andreea S Pop, Israa A Jaafar, Helen de Boer, Ronald A M Buijsen, Celine E F de Esch, Ingeborg Nieuwenhuizen-Bakker, Renate K Hukema, Rob Willemsen
INTRODUCTION: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common monogenetic cause of intellectual disability, autism spectrum features, and a broad range of other psychiatric and medical problems. FXS is caused by the lack of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), a translational regulator of specific mRNAs at the postsynaptic compartment. The absence of FMRP leads to aberrant synaptic plasticity, which is believed to be caused by an imbalance in excitatory and inhibitory network functioning of the synapse...
April 26, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785724/social-transmission-of-false-memory-in-small-groups-and-large-networks
#20
Raeya Maswood, Suparna Rajaram
Sharing information and memories is a key feature of social interactions, making social contexts important for developing and transmitting accurate memories and also false memories. False memory transmission can have wide-ranging effects, including shaping personal memories of individuals as well as collective memories of a network of people. This paper reviews a collection of key findings and explanations in cognitive research on the transmission of false memories in small groups. It also reviews the emerging experimental work on larger networks and collective false memories...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
keyword
keyword
54008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"