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Avneet K Mangat, Ju-Lee Oei, Kerry Chen, Im Quah-Smith, Georg M Schmölzer
Pain is a major problem in sick newborn infants, especially for those needing intensive care. Pharmacological pain relief is the most commonly used, but might be ineffective and has side effects, including long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae. The effectiveness and safety of alternative analgesic methods are ambiguous. The objective was to review the effectiveness and safety of non-pharmacological methods of pain relief in newborn infants and to identify those that are the most effective. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched using the terms: "infant", "premature", "pain", "acupuncture", "skin-to-skin contact", "sucrose", "massage", "musical therapy" and 'breastfeeding'...
September 20, 2018: Children
Suayib Yalcin, Pervin Hurmuz, Lacey McQuinn, Aung Naing
PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been popular among patients with cancer for several decades. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of CAM use and to identify the factors affecting CAM use in a large patient cohort seen at a comprehensive cancer center in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An investigator-designed survey was completed by volunteer patients who visited the outpatient clinic in the medical oncology department...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Dilshadbek T Usmanov, Satoshi Ninomiya, Kenzo Hiraoka, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Nakano, Masaya Matsumura, Sachiyo Sanada-Morimura, Hiroshi Nonami
In electrospray, excess charges are supplied to a sample solution by the occurrence of electrochemical reactions. Recently, different versions of electrospray, e.g., dielectric barrier electrospray ionization, inductive desorption electrospray ionization, and electrostatic-ionization driven by dielectric polarization, have been reported in which the sample solution was not in direct contact with the metal electrode but separated by dielectric materials. The objective of the current work is to elucidate the mechanism of dielectric barrier electrospray...
September 20, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Lauren R Frank, Patrick F P Roynard
The increase in client willingness to pursue surgical procedures, the heightened perceived value of veterinary patients, and the desire to provide comprehensive medical care have driven the recent demand of using an integrative treatment approach in veterinary rehabilitation. Physical therapy following neurologic injury has been the standard of care in human medicine for decades, whereas similar rehabilitation techniques have only recently been adapted and utilized in veterinary medicine. Spinal cord injury is the most common neurologic disease currently addressed by veterinary rehabilitation specialists and will be the primary focus of this review; however, research in other neurologic conditions will also be discussed...
June 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Jihye Seo, Seung-Ryong Yeom, Hee-Ra Shin, Kyungtae Park, Jae Kyoun Kim, Soo-Ji Park, Sangkwan Lee
INTRODUCTION: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is one of the most common diseases inducing shoulder pain. Acupuncture is a source of pain relief that has been used for SIS; however, there is no clinical study about image-guided acupuncture for SIS. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of fluoroscopy-guided acupuncture in patients with SIS. METHODS: This is the protocol for a randomized, patient-assessor blind, parallel clinical trial comparing fluoroscopy-guided acupuncture to acupuncture without fluoroscopy...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chao Chen, Hong-Cai Wang, Xu Zhai, Feng Huang, Dong Wu, Pei-Jing Rong
Acupuncture has been used to treat diabetes mellitus (DM) for more than one thousand years. In the present paper, we review new progress of researches on the underlying mechanism of acupuncture intervention for DM. Results showed that acupuncture intervention can relieve DM by 1) reducing body weight through up-regulating leptin level, suppressing insulin resistance and appetite to reduce food intake possibly by way of down-regulating expression of neuropeptide Y in the hypothalamus, retarding gastric emptying velocity, increasing small intestinal peristalsis, raising plasma levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY, etc...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
An-Guo Liu, Zhao-Xia Cao, Tian-Tian Zhu, Chong-Bing Ma, Ao Zhang, Xiao-Juan Li, Xing-Ke Yan
Acupuncture therapy has a positive effect in the treatment of amblyopia. This article summarizes findings of the research on brain mechanisms underlying the regulatory effect of acupuncture on visual plasticity of amblyopia. In a multi-system and multi-level viewpoints, we elaborated brain mechanism underlying the regulatory effect of acupuncture on visual plasticity in amblyopia from the perspective of ultrastructure, plasticity, electrical activities, neural coding and visual microcirculation of the neurons of the visual cortex, and the targeting points from the visual center to the effector organ...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Xiao Zhang, Chun-Zhi Tang, Xiao-Zhou Luo, Bo-Wen Deng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and superiority of acupoint catgut-embedding in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for insomnia treated by acupoint implantation of catgut were included in the present study. We searched the related articles from 6 databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang) from the date of inception to March 19, 2017 by using keywords "catgut implantation at acupuncture point" or "catgut implantation at acupoint" and "insomnia" or "agrypnia" and "randomised (or randomized) clinical trial"...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Xia Chen, Wei Huang, Feng Hu, Yi-Ting Jin, Zhe-Hao Hong, Zhong-Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the core acupoints and acupoint combinations of catgut embedding for simple obesity based on the complex network technology. METHODS: Articles about acupoint catgut embedding for simple obesity were collec-ted from databases of PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP from 1980 to 2016 by using keywords "simple obesity" "obesity" "acupoint embedding" "acupuncture" and "traditional Chinese medicine", followed by constructing a database of acupoint prescription...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Jia Wang, Qi Gao, Dong-Sheng Xu, Zhi-Yun Zhang, Jing-Jing Cui, Wan-Zhu Bai
Laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) has been used in the field of morphological research of acupuncture and moxibustion for more than 20 years. It is one of the important tools for revealing the structure of acupoints and the effect of acupuncture from histological perspective. With the help of technical advantages of LSCM, the quality of morphological research of acupuncture and moxibustion has been greatly improved, helping us gain a deeper understanding about the structure of acupoints and meridians as well as histochemical changes induced by acupuncture/moxibustion intervention...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Qiu-Fu Dai, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Qun Liu, Juan-Juan Xin, Feng-Yan Lu, Jing-Jing Cui, Shu-Yang Wu, Chen Zhou, Yu-Xue Zhao, Jun-Hong Gao, Xiao-Chun Yu
It has been shown that ischemia preconditioning (IPC) can attenuate the myocardial injury induced by ischemic and reperfusion. But it was rarely used in clinic due to its inoperability. Previous studies indicate that electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment can mimic myocardial ischemia preconditioning (MIPC) to produce cardioprotective effect. The activated adenosine A 2 b receptor has been proven to be involved in mediating the cardioprotection of IPC. In the studies on acupuncture analgesia, it was reported that adenosine receptor was activated by acupuncture stimulation, and acupuncture pretreatment can affect the acti-vities of intracellular A 2 b receptor...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Wei Huang, Hai-Bo Wu, Lun-Dong Feng, Dong-Mei Liang, Zuo-Xuan Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation and neuro-immune functional activities in elderly patients with stroke. METHODS: A total of 196 elderly stroke patients were randomly divided into control (rehabilitation exercise) and observation(acupuncture+ rehabilitation exercise)groups ( n =98 in each). Patients of the control group were treated by general healing treatment including good limb placement, timely conversion of body position, joint-motor exercise, sitting balance exercise, sitting-standing-walking, walking up and down stairs, daily life ability exercise, etc...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Yi-Kun Zhao, Ya-di Han, Yan-Feng Zhang, Tian-Tian Zhu, Chong-Bing Ma, Zhong-Ting Zhao, Xing-Ke Yan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-induced abnormal behavior reactions and learning-memory ability in rats with traumatic injury. METHODS: Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, model+animal capturing (capturing), medication and acupuncture groups ( n =12 rats in each). The PTSD model was established by "electric shock plus incarceration" method...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Jin-Hai Wang, Ting-Zhuo Zhang, Min Zhao, Ying-Cun Bao, Qi Yan, Zhen-Chang Zhang, Xiao-Zheng Du, Hua Jiang, Liang Tian, Bo Yuan, Xing-Lan Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of scalp-acupuncture intervention on the expression of parahippocampal factor-κB p 65 mRNA (NF-κB p 65 mRNA), IκB mRNA, interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in rats with cerebral ischemia (CI), so as to investigate its molecular mechanisms underlying improving CI by reducing inflammatory response. METHODS: A total of 64 SD rats were randomized into normal control, model, medication and scalp-acupuncture groups, with 16 rats in each group...
September 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Chen-Lei Zhang, Yong-Feng Li, Jian-Rong Hui, Jin Wang
China is in the "high death zone" of the world cerebrovascular disease (CVD) map. The prevention and treatment of ischemic CVD (ICVD) have become the top priority in clinical practice. It has been demonstrated that acupuncture therapy has a positive role in bettering clinical symptoms of ICVD patients. Findings of recent experimental studies displayed that electroacupuncture (EA) intervention is effective in reducing the cerebral infarcted volume and cellular injury, promoting proliferation, migration and differentiation of nerve stem cells, facilitating the regeneration of nerve tissue, bettering dysneuria and limb locomotor ability, etc...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Wei-Qin Li, Wei Jiang, Jian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of warming needle moxibustion stimulation of Hegu (LI 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. for simple obesity patients with phlegm dampness stagnation syndrome (PDSS).. METHODS: A total of 60 simple obesity patients with PDSS were equally randomized into control group (13 men and 17 women, 18-53 years in age) and treatment group (14 men and 16 women, 19-45 years in age). All the patients of both groups were treated by diet control (trying their best to reduce high fat, high glucose and high salt foods, supplementing proteins)...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Chen-Yang Li, Xing-Hua Bai
OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of needling stimulation of the back segment (10 spots below the spinous processes from T 3 to T 12)of the Governor Vessel in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)accompanied with somnipathy. METHODS: A total of 58 patients of GERD accompanied with somnipathy were randomly divided into acupuncture group ( n =28) and medication group ( n =30)according to random number table method. For patients of the acupuncture group, the spots below the spinous processes from T 3 to T 12, including acupoints Shenzhu (GV 12), Shendao (GV 11), Lingtai (GV 10), Zhiyang (GV 9), Jinsuo (GV 8), Zhongshu (GV 7) and non-acupoints (T 4, T 8, T 12) were punctured with filiform needles, once every other day for 8 weeks...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Feng-Lei Zai, Rui-Lan Wu, Mei-Feng Zheng, Li-Yun Guo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of warming needle moxibustion of Jiaji (EX-B 2), Huantiao (GB 30), etc. on lumbago and other symptoms of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients and changes of plasma β-endorphin (β-EP) content. METHODS: A total of 60 LDH patients were equally randomized into warming needle moxibustion group and conventional acupuncture group. Patients of the conventional acupuncture group were treated by puncturing lumbar Jiaji (EX-B 2), Huantiao (GB 30), Weizhong (BL 40), and Yanglingquan (GB 34) with filiform acupuncture needles...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Zhi-Ming Zhao, Chun-Li Liu, Qun-Yan Zhang, Bei-Bei Zhang, Jun-Hao Guo, Ai-Hong Yuan, Hui Cai
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture of Feishu (BL 13), Pishu (BL 20), etc. on body weight, blood lipid, leptin (LP) and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) levels in prediabetic patients, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying treatment and prevention of prediabetes. METHODS: A total of 100 prediabetic patients were randomly assigned to medication (Metformin) group ( n =35), acupuncture group ( n =35) and simple lifestyle intervention group ( n =30) with random number table method...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Tian-Wei Chen, Yuan Yin, Rui Zhang, Wen-Zhu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of fire-needle acupuncture of "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60) on ankle-joint swelling and serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) contents in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats, so as to study its mechanism underlying improvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomized into control, model, medication (Methotrexate) and fire-needling groups ( n =8 in each)...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
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