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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905143/-message-du-pr%C3%A3-sident-congr%C3%A3-s-de-m%C3%A3-decine-rurale-2018-l-art-et-l-%C3%A3-me-de-la-m%C3%A3-decine-rurale
#1
Margaret Tromp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905141/-les-dipl%C3%A3-m%C3%A3-s-en-m%C3%A3-decine-familiale-ont-ils-la-comp%C3%A3-tence-pour-travailler-en-milieu-rural
#2
Peter Hutten-Czapski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894390/costs-associated-with-hospitalisation-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-france
#3
Lucie De Léotoing, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Laurent Finkielsztejn, Gwendoline Chaize, Alexandre Vainchtock, Gaëlle Nachbaur, Céline Aubin, Fabrice Bonnet
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of patients hospitalized for HIV-related reasons in France, to describe their characteristics and to estimate hospitalization-associated costs. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the French hospital medical information database (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information en médecine, chirurgie, obstétrique et odontologie database). METHODS: Patients hospitalised with HIV in France in 2013 and 2014 were identified in the database through International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision diagnostic codes as well as comorbidities and opportunistic infections...
June 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888165/surgery-with-limited-resources-in-natural-disasters-what-is-the-minimum-standard-of-care
#4
REVIEW
Miguel Trelles Centurion, Rosa Crestani, Lynette Dominguez, An Caluwaerts, Guido Benedetti
Purpose of Review: In a challenging scenario, such as in the aftermath of a natural disaster, minimum standards of care must be in place from the moment surgical care activities are launched. Recent Findings: Natural disasters cause destruction and human suffering, especially in low- and middle-income countries, which suffer the most when exposed to their consequences. Health systems can quickly get overwhelmed and can collapse under the burden of injured patients during this event, while qualified surgical care remains crucial...
2018: Current Trauma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875908/-stress-syndrome-in-patients-receiving-outpatient-treatment-at-the-general-hospital-in-bangui-in-a-context-of-armed-conflict
#5
Magloire Nkosi Mpembi, Thierry Lukeba, Damien Mayemba, Victoria Kubuta Massamba, Thierry Matonda Ma Nzuzi, Symphorien Gokara, Etienne Vermeiren, Gilbert Mananga Lelo, Samuel Mampunza Ma Miezi
Context: in Africa's zones of conflict, recent studies report a high frequency of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) particularly in community settings. Objective: This study aimed to contribute to a better management of patients experiencing violence subsequent to the Central African Republic socio-political conflict. Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the medical records of patients receiving outpatient treatment in the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (France) Trauma Center, Bangui...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875035/le-m%C3%A3-decin-moderne
#6
Gerald B Brock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873055/theses-publications-in-scientific-indexed-journals-the-study-of-theses-supported-at-tunis-faculty-of-medecine-from-2008-to2010
#7
Aschraf Chadli-Debbiche, Emna Abidi, Nèbiha Falfoul-Borsali, Ali Mrabet, Chadli Dziri, Héla Elloumi
INTRODUCTION: The classification of performing universities in the world based on the number of citations of universities scientific publications. However, the rate of publications resulting from theses to the Tunis Faculty of Medicine (FMT) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the publication rates of theses in indexed journals. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of theses of all specialties, supported in the FMT from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010...
October 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804116/when-helping-babies-breathe-is-not-enough-designing-a-novel-mid-level-neonatal-resuscitation-algorithm-for-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-field-teams-working-in-low-resource-hospital-settings
#8
Lisa Umphrey, Morten Breindahl, Alexandra Brown, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Marta Thio, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehrg, Mats Blennow
BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation (NR) combines a set of life-saving interventions in order to stabilize compromised newborns at birth or when critically ill. Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), as an international medical-humanitarian organization working particularly in low-resource settings (LRS), assisted over 250,000 births in obstetric and newborn care aid projects in 2016 and provides thousands of newborn resuscitations annually. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program has been used as formal guidance for basic resuscitation since 2012...
May 25, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799869/the-initial-effectiveness-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-ambisome-and-miltefosine-combination-for-treatment-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-ethiopia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Charles Abongomera, Ermias Diro, Alan de Lima Pereira, Jozefien Buyze, Kolja Stille, Fareed Ahmed, Johan van Griensven, Koert Ritmeijer
BACKGROUND: North-west Ethiopia faces the highest burden world-wide of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and HIV co-infection. VL-HIV co-infected patients have higher (initial) parasitological failure and relapse rates than HIV-negative VL patients. Whereas secondary prophylaxis reduces the relapse rate, parasitological failure rates remain high with the available antileishmanial drugs, especially when administered as monotherapy. We aimed to determine the initial effectiveness (parasitologically-confirmed cure) of a combination of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) and miltefosine for treatment of VL in HIV co-infected patients...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788910/infection-with-high-proportion-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-in-conflict-related-injuries-is-associated-with-poor-outcomes-and-excess-resource-consumption-a-cohort-study-of-syrian-patients-treated-in-jordan
#10
Andreas Älgå, Sidney Wong, Muhammad Shoaib, Kalle Lundgren, Christian G Giske, Johan von Schreeb, Jonas Malmstedt
BACKGROUND: Armed conflicts are a major contributor to injury and death globally. Conflict-related injuries are associated with a high risk of wound infection, but it is unknown to what extent infection directly relates to sustainment of life and restoration of function. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome and resource consumption among civilians receiving acute surgical treatment due to conflict-related injuries. Patients with and without wound infections were compared...
May 22, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756588/toward-a-shared-care-model-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-role-of-the-primary-care-practitioner
#12
Jiwon Oh, Marie-Sarah Gagné-Brosseau, Melanie Guenette, Catherine Larochelle, François Lemieux, Suresh Menon, Sarah A Morrow, Laurence Poliquin-Lasnier, Chantal Roy-Hewitson, Carolina Rush, Anne-Marie Trudelle, Paul S Giacomini
The objective of this study was to develop a shared-care model to enable primary-care physicians to participate more fully in meeting the complex, multidisciplinary healthcare needs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: The design consisted of development of consensus recommendations and a shared-care algorithm. PARTICIPANTS: A working group of 11 Canadian neurologists involved in the management of patients with MS were included in this study. MAIN MESSAGE: The clinical management of patients with multiple sclerosis is increasing in complexity as new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) become available, and ongoing safety monitoring is required...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755896/bouveret-s-syndrome-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Fady G Haddad, Wissam Mansour, Liliane Deeb
It was in 1896 that Bouveret's syndrome acquired its name after the French physician Leon Bouveret, who published two case reports in Revue de Medecin. Bouveret's syndrome describes gastric outlet obstruction secondary to an impacted gallstone. The gallstone reaches the small bowel through a bilioenteric fistula as a consequence of chronic inflammation and adherence between the biliary system and the bowels which increase the intraluminal pressure and leads to secondary wall ischemia and wall perforation with gallstone passage into the bowel...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746619/voluntary-community-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-linkage-and-retention-in-care-interventions-in-kenya-modeling-the-clinical-impact-and-cost-effectiveness
#14
Liem B Luong Nguyen, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, David Maman, Sitima Wanjala, Alexandra Vandenbulcke, Jianthi Price, Robert A Parker, William Hennequin, Pierre Mendiharat, Kenneth A Freedberg
Background: In southwest Kenya, the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is about 25%. Médecins Sans Frontières has implemented a voluntary community testing (VCT) program, with linkage to care and retention interventions, to achieve the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 targets by 2017. We assessed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions. Methods: We developed a time-discrete, dynamic microsimulation model to project HIV incidence over time in the adult population in Kenya...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734337/highly-targeted-cholera-vaccination-campaigns-in-urban-setting-are-feasible-the-experience-in-kalemie-democratic-republic-of-congo
#15
Louis Albert Massing, Soumah Aboubakar, Alexandre Blake, Anne-Laure Page, Sandra Cohuet, Adalbert Ngandwe, Eric Mukomena Sompwe, Romain Ramazani, Marcela Allheimen, Philippe Levaillant, Pauline Lechevalier, Marie Kashimi, Axelle de la Motte, Arielle Calmejane, Malika Bouhenia, Ernest Dabire, Didier Bompangue, Benoit Kebela, Klaudia Porten, Francisco Luquero
INTRODUCTION: Oral cholera vaccines are primarily recommended by the World Health Organization for cholera control in endemic countries. However, the number of cholera vaccines currently produced is very limited and examples of OCV use in endemic countries, and especially in urban settings, are scarce. A vaccination campaign was organized by Médecins Sans Frontières and the Ministry of Health in a highly endemic area in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study aims to describe the vaccine coverage achieved with this highly targeted vaccination campaign and the acceptability among the vaccinated communities...
May 7, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731398/cholera-epidemic-in-yemen-2016-18-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data
#16
Anton Camacho, Malika Bouhenia, Reema Alyusfi, Abdulhakeem Alkohlani, Munna Abdulla Mohammed Naji, Xavier de Radiguès, Abdinasir M Abubakar, Abdulkareem Almoalmi, Caroline Seguin, Maria Jose Sagrado, Marc Poncin, Melissa McRae, Mohammed Musoke, Ankur Rakesh, Klaudia Porten, Christopher Haskew, Katherine E Atkins, Rosalind M Eggo, Andrew S Azman, Marije Broekhuijsen, Mehmet Akif Saatcioglu, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Marie-Laure Quilici, Abdul Rahman Al-Mesbahy, Nevio Zagaria, Francisco J Luquero
BACKGROUND: In war-torn Yemen, reports of confirmed cholera started in late September, 2016. The disease continues to plague Yemen today in what has become the largest documented cholera epidemic of modern times. We aimed to describe the key epidemiological features of this epidemic, including the drivers of cholera transmission during the outbreak. METHODS: The Yemen Health Authorities set up a national cholera surveillance system to collect information on suspected cholera cases presenting at health facilities...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676758/learning-from-water-treatment-and-hygiene-interventions-in-response-to-a-hepatitis-e-outbreak-in-an-open-setting-in-chad
#17
Alexander Spina, David Beversluis, Andrea Irwin, Alexandra Chen, Jean Noel Nassariman, Abdelkhadir Ahamat, Idriss Noh, Jan Oosterloo, Prince Alfani, Sibylle Sang, Annick Lenglet, Dawn Louise Taylor
In September 2016, Médecins Sans Frontières responded to a hepatitis E (HEV) outbreak in Chad by implementing water treatment and hygiene interventions. To evaluate the coverage and use of these interventions, we conducted a cross-sectional study in the community. Our results showed that 99% of households interviewed had received a hygiene kit from us, aimed at improving water handling practice and personal hygiene and almost all respondents had heard messages about preventing jaundice and handwashing. Acceptance of chlorination of drinking water was also very high, although at the time of interview, we were only able to measure a safe free residual chlorine level (free chlorine residual (FRC) ≥0...
April 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#18
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624584/the-impact-of-passive-case-detection-on-the-transmission-dynamics-of-gambiense-human-african-trypanosomiasis
#19
Francesco Checchi, Sebastian Funk, Daniel Chandramohan, François Chappuis, Daniel T Haydon
Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne disease affecting largely rural populations in Western and Central Africa. The main method for detecting and treating cases of gambiense HAT are active screening through mobile teams and passive detection through self-referral of patients to dedicated treatment centres or hospitals. Strategies based on active case finding and treatment have drastically reduced the global incidence of the disease over recent decades. However, little is known about the coverage and transmission impact of passive case detection...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616643/m%C3%A3-decine-et-sant%C3%A3-tropicales-prospects
#20
J-J Morand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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