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Sensory evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810173/effect-of-haptic-sensory-input-through-a-fluttering-cloth-on-tandem-gait-performance
#1
Kazushige Oshita, Sumio Yano
This study investigated the effects of haptic sensory input through a fluttering cloth on balance control during locomotion. Twenty-one healthy men performed a tandem gait test for 4m with their eyes closed under two different conditions: (1) wearing only half or short tights (HT-condition), or (2) wearing a fluttering cloth that was wrapped around the waist and extended to the lower leg (CLOTH-condition). Participants performed two trials with a 3-min rest period. The first trial involved the HT-condition, whereas the second trial involved either the CLOTH-condition (n=11), or the HT-condition again (n=10)...
August 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809653/effectiveness-of-environment-based-interventions-that-address-behavior-perception-and-falls-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
Lou Jensen, René Padilla
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in the home and other settings for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related major neurocognitive disorders (NCDs). METHOD: Database searches were limited to outcomes studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 2006 and April 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,854 articles were initially identified, of which 42 met inclusion criteria...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809377/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-zygomatic-fracture
#3
L Kaukola, J Snäll, R Roine, H Sintonen, H Thorén
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) before and after surgical treatment of zygomatic complex fracture and assess patients' perceptions of the aesthetic and functional outcomes of surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study of 79 adult patients before and after surgery for zygomatic complex fracture was conducted. HRQoL was measured using the generic 15-dimensional (15D) instrument, and patient satisfaction was assessed by an additional questionnaire...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807846/the-reliability-of-commonly-used-electrophysiology-measures
#4
K E Brown, K R Lohse, I M S Mayer, G Strigaro, M Desikan, E P Casula, S Meunier, T Popa, J-C Lamy, O Odish, B R Leavitt, A Durr, R A C Roos, S J Tabrizi, J C Rothwell, L A Boyd, M Orth
BACKGROUND: Electrophysiological measures can help understand brain function both in healthy individuals and in the context of a disease. Given the amount of information that can be extracted from these measures and their frequent use, it is essential to know more about their inherent reliability. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To understand the reliability of electrophysiology measures in healthy individuals. We hypothesized that measures of threshold and latency would be the most reliable and least susceptible to methodological differences between study sites...
July 31, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806342/cognitive-abilities-and-quality-of-life-after-cochlear-implantation-in-the-elderly
#5
Marie-Hortense Sonnet, Bettina Montaut-Verient, Jean-Yves Niemier, Michel Hoen, Laurence Ribeyre, Cécile Parietti-Winkler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life (QoL) and cognitive function in elderly patients with cochlear implants relative to auditory improvement, using geriatric validated scales. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for cochlear implantation (CI) and a geriatric center in Nancy, France. PATIENTS: Sixteen consecutive patients were included, from 65 to 80 years old, with postlingual severe-to-profound deafness...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806339/cognitive-evaluation-of-cochlear-implanted-adults-using-codex-and-moca-screening-tests
#6
Emmanuèle Ambert-Dahan, Shirley Routier, Lucie Marot, Didier Bouccara, Olivier Sterkers, Evelyne Ferrary, Isabelle Mosnier
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between hearing loss and cognitive function has already been established. The objective of our study was to determine whether the two short cognitive tests, COgnitive Disorders EXamination (CODEX) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), could be used in daily clinical practice to detect cognitive impairment, and its changes after cochlear implantation. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with severe to profound postlingual progressive hearing loss (mean age ± SEM: 64 ± 3...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805950/management-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-with-pedicled-iliac-bone-flap-transfer-a-multicenter-study-of-2190-patients
#7
Dewei Zhao, Hui Xie, Yongqing Xu, Yisheng Wang, Aixi Yu, Youwen Liu, Aimin Wang, Wei He, Xiuli Wang, Zirong Li, Wei Sun, Simiao Tian, Benjie Wang, Baoyi Liu
BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) often affects young active adults and leads to destruction of the hip joint and disabling arthritis. Several procedures have been developed to arrest the progress of osteonecrosis and postpone the procedure of total hip replacement especially in young patients. The aim of this multicenter study was to analyze the results of the use of the vascularized iliac bone flap transfer for management of ONFH. METHODS: From January 1985 to December 2012, a total of 2190 patients (2690 hips) with the mean age of 43...
August 14, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803691/effectiveness-of-lavendula-stoechas-essential-oil-in-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Bina Eftekharsadat, Peyman Roomizadeh, Shervin Torabi, Fariba Heshmati-Afshar, Fatemeh Jahanjoo, Arash Babaei-Ghazani
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. To date, no previous study has evaluated the efficacy of topical Lavendula stoechas (Lavender) oil in CTS patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effectiveness of topical Lavender essential oil in pain intensity, isometric pinch strength, electrophysiological features, and functional status of patients with mild to moderate CTS...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803213/effect-of-salting-and-ripening-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensory-quality-of-goat-and-sheep-cured-legs
#9
Alfredo Teixeira, Aline Fernandes, Etelvina Pereira, Aristides Manuel, Sandra Rodrigues
Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of sheep and goat cured legs were evaluated. The pH values (5.7-5.8) and aw (0.87 and 0.83) found to be adequate to control meat deterioration, promoting safety and stability to shelf life of products with respect to microbial growth. The high protein (46.2 and 38.4%) and low fat (5.3 and 8.7%) percentages of the goat and sheep cured legs were the main evidence of the effect of salting and ripening processes. A low cholesterol content of 4.5% is particularly evident in sheep cured legs...
August 4, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802017/volatile-composition-and-sensory-profile-of-shiitake-mushrooms-as-affected-by-drying-method
#10
Joanna Politowicz, Krzysztof Lech, Leontina Lipan, Adam Figiel, Ángel A Carbonell-Barrachina
BACKGROUND: One of the best preservation method for long-term storage is drying. In this work, the influence of different drying methods on aroma and sensory profile of shiitake mushroom was evaluated. The drying methods tested were: convective drying (CD), freeze-drying (FD), vacuum-microwave drying (VMD), and a combination of convective pre-drying and vacuum-microwave finish-drying (CPD-VMFD). RESULTS: The volatile composition of fresh and dried shiitake mushrooms was analyzed by SPME, GC-MS and GC-FID, and showed the presence of 71 volatile compounds, most of them present in all dried samples but with quantitative variation...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800826/effect-of-thyme-essential-oil-and-lactococcus-lactis-cbm21-on-the-microbiota-composition-and-quality-of-minimally-processed-lamb-s-lettuce
#11
Lorenzo Siroli, Francesca Patrignani, Diana I Serrazanetti, Pamela Vernocchi, Federica Del Chierico, Alessandra Russo, Sandra Torriani, Lorenza Putignani, Fausto Gardini, Rosalba Lanciotti
The main aim of this work was to evaluate, at pilot scale in an industrial environment, the effects of the biocontrol agent Lactococcus lactis CBM21 and thyme essential oil compared to chlorine, used in the washing step of fresh-cut lamb's lettuce, on the microbiota and its changes in relation to the time of storage. The modification of the microbial population was studied through pyrosequencing in addition to the traditional plate counts. In addition, the volatile molecule and sensory profiles were evaluated during the storage...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800825/efficacy-evaluation-of-a-new-water-sanitizer-for-increasing-the-shelf-life-of-southern-australian-king-george-whiting-and-tasmanian-atlantic-salmon-fillets
#12
Manouchehr Khazandi, Permal Deo, Sergio Ferro, Henrietta Venter, Hongfei Pi, Simon Crabb, Tony Amorico, Abiodun D Ogunniyi, Darren J Trott
The bacterial species and specific spoilage organisms associated with the Southern Australian King George Whiting (KGW) and Tasmanian Atlantic Salmon (TAS), and the efficacy of a HOCl-containing water-based sanitization product (Electro-Chemically Activated Solution, by ECAS4) in extending the shelf life of KGW and TAS fillets were evaluated. Fillets were washed with an ECAS4 solution containing either 45 ppm or 150 ppm of free chlorine and bacterial species enumerated on selective and non-selective media, followed by identification of pure isolates by 16 S rRNA gene sequencing...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799699/a-comparative-study-on-the-therapeutic-effect-of-trpv1-trpa1-and-trpm8-agonists-on-swallowing-dysfunction-associated-with-aging-and-neurological-diseases
#13
D Alvarez-Berdugo, L Rofes, V Arreola, A Martin, L Molina, P Clavé
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal sensory impairment is a potential target to treat swallowing dysfunction in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). AIM: To assess the therapeutic effect of stimulating oropharyngeal sensory afferents with TRPV1, TRPA1, or TRPM8 agonists vs increasing bolus viscosity in older and neurologic patients with OD by comparing four studies of similar experimental design. METHODS: Swallow function of 142 older patients with impaired safety of swallow at nectar ([50-350] mPa·s) viscosity was evaluated with videofluoroscopy (VFS) while treated with TRPV1 (150 μmol/L), TRPV1/A1 (150 μmol/L and 1 mmol/L), or TRPM8 (1 mmol/L or 10 mmol/L) agonists or modified starch (MS) at spoon thick viscosity (>1750 mPa·s)...
August 11, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799527/recent-advances-in-technique-and-clinical-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-adult-scoliosis
#14
REVIEW
Gang Liu, Sen Liu, Yu-Zhi Zuo, Qi-Yi Li, Zhi-Hong Wu, Nan Wu, Ke-Yi Yu, Gui-Xing Qiu
OBJECTIVE: Conventional open spinal surgery of adult scoliosis can be performed from anterior, posterior, or combined approach. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) was developed for the purpose of reducing the undesirable effects and complications. This review aimed to make a brief summary of recent studies of the approach and clinical outcomes of MISS in adult scoliosis. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic search from PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and other literature databases to collect reports of surgical methods and clinical outcomes of MISS in treatment of adult scoliosis...
August 9, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798671/bodily-sensory-inputs-and-anomalous-bodily-experiences-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-evaluation-of-the-potential-effects-of-sound-feedback
#15
Ana Tajadura-Jiménez, Helen Cohen, Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze
Neuroscientific studies have shown that human's mental body representations are not fixed but are constantly updated through sensory feedback, including sound feedback. This suggests potential new therapeutic sensory approaches for patients experiencing body-perception disturbances (BPD). BPD can occur in association with chronic pain, for example in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). BPD often impacts on emotional, social, and motor functioning. Here we present the results from a proof-of-principle pilot study investigating the potential value of using sound feedback for altering BPD and its related emotional state and motor behavior in those with CRPS...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797868/neuropathic-pain-and-nerve-growth-factor-in-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-prospective-clinical-pathological-study
#16
R Velasco, X Navarro, M Gil-Gil, M Herrando-Grabulosa, A Calls, J Bruna
CONTEXT: Neuropathic pain can be present in patients developing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Nerve growth factor (NGF) is trophic to small sensory fibers and regulates nociception. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the changes in serum NGF and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) in skin biopsies of cancer patients receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy in a single-center prospective observational study. METHODS: Patients were evaluated before and after chemotherapy administration...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797005/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-cavernous-sinus-meningiomas-analysis-of-outcome-in-166-patients
#17
Maziar Azar, Farid Kazemi, Amin Jahanbakhshi, Iran Chanideh, Maryam Jalessi, Elahe Amini, Ghazale Geraily, Mohammad Farhadi
OBJECTIVES: The outcomes of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for cavernous sinus meningioma (CSM) are presented, and factors possibly affecting outcome are investigated. METHODS: The medical records and imaging and procedural reports of 166 patients with CSM were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data, procedural data, symptomatic improvement, radiological regression, and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were evaluated. RESULTS: There were 124 women and 42 men; including 44 postoperative and 122 primary GKRS cases...
August 11, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796381/fortification-of-wheat-bread-with-agroindustry-by-products-statistical-methods-for-sensory-preference-evaluation-and-correlation-with-color-and-crumb-structure
#18
Z E Martins, O Pinho, I M P L V O Ferreira
The use of agroindustry by-products (BP) for fortification of wheat bread can be an alternative to waste disposal because BP are appealing sources of dietary fiber. Moreover, it may also contribute to indirect income generation. In this study, sensory, color, and crumb structure properties of breads fortified with fiber rich fraction recovered from four types of agroindustry BP were tested, namely orange (OE), pomegranate (PE), elderberry (EE), and spent yeast (YE). Statistical models for sensory preference evaluation and correlation with color and crumb structure were developed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796326/gustatory-and-olfactory-responses-to-stimulation-of-the-human-insula
#19
Laure Mazzola, Jean-Pierre Royet, Hélène Catenoix, Alexandra Montavont, Jean Isnard, François Mauguière
OBJECTIVE: Despite numerous studies suggesting the role of insular cortex in the processing of gustatory and olfactory inputs, the exact location of olfacto-gustatory representation in the insula remains controversial. Here we provide a functional mapping of olfactory-gustatory responses to stimulation of the human insular cortex. METHODS: We reviewed 651 electrical stimulations of the insula that were performed in 221 patients, using stereotactically implanted depth electrodes, during the pre-surgical evaluation of drug refractory epilepsy...
August 10, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796325/temporal-texture-profile-and-identification-of-glass-transition-temperature-as-an-instrumental-predictor-of-stickiness-in-a-caramel-system
#20
Emily J Mayhew, Shelly J Schmidt, Pascal Schlich, Soo-Yeun Lee
Stickiness is an important texture attribute in many food systems, but its meaning can vary by person, product, and throughout mastication. This variability and complexity makes it difficult to devise analytical tests that accurately and consistently predict sensory stickiness. Glass transition temperature (Tg ) is a promising candidate for texture prediction. Our objective is to elucidate the temporal profile of stickiness in order to probe the relationship between Tg and dynamic stickiness perception. Nine caramel samples with diverse texture and thermal profiles were produced for sensory testing and differential scanning calorimetry...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
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