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Sensory evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528536/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-rectus-sheath-block-with-ropivacaine-and-dexmedetomidine-in-elderly-high-risk-patients-undergoing-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#1
Lili Xu, Zhiyong Hu, Jianjun Shen, Patrick M McQuillan
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and rectus sheath (RS) blocks with ropivacaine and dexmedetomidine in elderly, high-risk patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery receiving both bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP and RS blocks were randomly divided into two groups: R+D (10 ml of 0.25% ropivacaine+0...
May 19, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527366/effect-of-low-protein-diets-in-heavy-pigs-on-dry-cured-ham-quality-characteristics
#2
Silvia Grassi, Ernestina Casiraghi, Simona Benedetti, Cristina Alamprese
The present work aimed at evaluating if heavy pig low-protein diets balanced for amino acid (AA) profile affect the quality characteristics of dry cured hams. To the aim, 40 hams obtained by Italian Duroc×Italian Large White pigs fed three different dietary crude protein and indispensable AA levels were compared with those obtained by a conventional Parma ham Protected Designation of Origin diet (C). No physico-chemical (aw, pH), chemical (gross composition, NaCl, lipid peroxidation, non-protein nitrogen, total volatile bases) or sensory characteristics of hams were systematically affected by the administered diet, animal sex or their interaction with the exception of total and subcutaneous fat (the latter measured by an image analysis procedure)...
May 13, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527089/pediatric-migraine-with-aura-in-an-italian-case-series
#3
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Antonio Genovese, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of migraine with aura (MwA) in a case series of patients with headache onset before 12 years of age. We considered all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2015 affected by MwA, diagnosed by our team of trained neurologists; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria. We then identified those cases with headache age-of-onset <12 years (i.e., "pediatric" cases), which were compared to all remaining cases...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525713/identification-and-validation-of-sensory-active-compounds-from-data-driven-research-a-flavoromics-approach
#4
Ian Ronningen, Michelle Miller, Youlin Xia, Devin G Peterson
In the current study significant LC/MS features, from multivariate analysis (MVA) models developed using untargeted chemical fingerprinting to characterize flavor changes in extracts of citrus fruits related to aging, were further isolated and analyzed for sensory relevant information, followed by structural elucidation of flavor actives. The top ten statistical features from two MVA approaches, partial least squares data analysis (PLS-DA) and Random Forrest (RF), were purified to approximately 70% via multi-dimensional liquid chromatography-mass directed fractionation to screen for sensory activity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524016/towards-practical-application-of-sensors-for-monitoring-animal-health-the-effect-of-post-calving-health-problems-on-rumination-duration-activity-and-milk-yield
#5
Machteld Steensels, Ephraim Maltz, Claudia Bahr, Daniel Berckmans, Aharon Antler, Ilan Halachmi
Three sources of sensory data: cow's individual rumination duration, activity and milk yield were evaluated as possible indicators for clinical diagnosis, focusing on post-calving health problems such as ketosis and metritis. Data were collected from a computerised dairy-management system on a commercial dairy farm with Israeli Holstein cows. In the analysis, 300 healthy and 403 sick multiparous cows were studied during the first 3 weeks after calving. A mixed model with repeated measurements was used to compare healthy cows with sick cows...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523213/brachial-plexus-magnetic-resonance-imaging-differentiates-between-inflammatory-neuropathies-and-does-not-predict-disease-course
#6
Bas A Jongbloed, Jeroen W Bos, Dirk Rutgers, Willem Ludo van der Pol, Leonard H van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the distribution of brachial plexus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities and clinical weakness, and to evaluate the value of brachial plexus MRI in predicting disease course and response to treatment in multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with an inflammatory neuropathy diagnosed at our tertiary referral center for neuromuscular diseases had undergone bilateral T2-weighted short tau inversion recovery (STIR) MRI of the brachial plexus...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522390/mango-kernel-starch-as-a-novel-edible-coating-for-enhancing-shelf-life-of-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-fruit
#7
Anjum Nawab, Feroz Alam, Abid Hasnain
Mango kernel starch (MKS) coatings containing different plasticizers were used to extend the shelf life of tomato. The coating slurry was prepared by gelatinizing 4% mango kernel starch, plasticized with glycerol, sorbitol and their 1:1 mixture (50% of starch weight; db). The samples were kept at room temperature (20°C) and analyzed for shelf life. Significant difference in coated and control fruits were observed and all the coated fruits delayed ripening process that was characterized by reduction in weight loss and restricted changes in soluble solids concentration, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid content, firmness and decay percentage compared to uncoated sample...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522169/evaluation-of-beef-eating-quality-by-irish-consumers
#8
S N McCarthy, M Henchion, A White, K Brandon, P Allen
A consumer's decision to purchase beef is strongly linked to its sensory properties and consistent eating quality is one of the most important attributes. Consumer taste panels were held according to the Meat Standards Australia guidelines and consumers scored beef according to its palatability attributes and completed a socio-demographic questionnaire. Consumers were able to distinguish between beef quality on a scale from unsatisfactory to premium with high accuracy. Premium cuts of beef scored significantly higher on all of the scales compared to poorer quality cuts...
May 8, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522077/treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome-with-the-selective-ampa-receptor-antagonist-perampanel
#9
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Irene Cano, Juan Jose Granizo
OBJECTIVES: Perampanel is a selective, noncompetitive α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPA) antagonist that has been approved for the treatment of partial seizures. Here we report on the first open study evaluating its efficacy in idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS). METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective two-month open trial. Twenty-two previously untreated patients diagnosed with idiopathic RLS began treatment with 2 mg perampanel, which was increased to 4 mg at week four if clinically necessary...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521818/in-vivo-evaluation-of-microglia-activation-by-intracranial-iron-overload-in-central-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Fan Xing Meng, Jing Ming Hou, Tian Sheng Sun
BACKGROUND: Central pain (CP) is a common clinical problem in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent studies found the pathogenesis of CP was related to the remodeling of the brain. We investigate the roles of iron overload and subsequent microglia activate in the remodeling of the brain after SCI. METHODS: An SCI-induced CP model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats that were randomly assigned to SCI, sham operation, deferoxamine (DFX), minocycline, and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor treatment groups...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521658/foetal-responses-to-dexmedetomidine-in-parturients-undergoing-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jian Zhang, Haibin Zhou, Kaihua Sheng, Tian Tian, Anshi Wu
Objective This current meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate effects of dexmedetomidine on neonatal maternal factors. Methods The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched. The primary outcomes were neonatal parameters, including umbilical blood gases and Apgar scores. The secondary outcomes were maternal parameters. Results We identified six randomized controlled trials (RCTs). No differences in neonatal umbilical blood gases, and Apgar scores at 1 min (WMD: -0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521265/optimizing-the-electrodiagnostic-accuracy-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-subtypes-criteria-sets-and-sparse-linear-discriminant-analysis
#12
Antonino Uncini, Luigi Ippoliti, Nortina Shahrizaila, Yukari Sekiguchi, Satoshi Kuwabara
OBJECTIVE: To optimize the electrodiagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) subtypes at first study. METHODS: The reference electrodiagnosis was obtained in 53 demyelinating and 45 axonal GBS patients on the basis of two serial studies and results of anti-ganglioside antibodies assay. We retrospectively employed sparse linear discriminant analysis (LDA), two existing electrodiagnostic criteria sets (Hadden et al., 1998; Rajabally et al., 2015) and one we propose that additionally evaluates duration of motor responses, sural sparing pattern and defines reversible conduction failure (RCF) in motor and sensory nerves at second study...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521007/computing-the-social-brain-connectome-across-systems-and-states
#13
Daniel Alcalá-López, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies, Frank Van Overwalle, Kai Vogeley, Rogier B Mars, Bruce I Turetsky, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Danilo Bzdok
Social skills probably emerge from the interaction between different neural processing levels. However, social neuroscience is fragmented into highly specialized, rarely cross-referenced topics. The present study attempts a systematic reconciliation by deriving a social brain definition from neural activity meta-analyses on social-cognitive capacities. The social brain was characterized by meta-analytic connectivity modeling evaluating coactivation in task-focused brain states and physiological fluctuations evaluating correlations in task-free brain states...
May 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520947/synergistic-effect-of-spice-extracts-and-modified-atmospheric-packaging-towards-non-thermal-preservation-of-chicken-meat-under-refrigerated-storage
#14
M Sivarajan, U Lalithapriya, Peter Mariajenita, B Aafrin Vajiha, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
This study investigates the integrated approach of spice extracts and modified atmospheric packaging (MAP) chicken meat preservation. Specifically, extracts from clove (CL), cinnamon (CI) individually and in combination (3% w/w) along with MAP (30% CO2/70% N2 and 10% O2/30% CO2/60% N2) were used to increase the shelf life of fresh chicken meat stored at 4°C. The parameters evaluated as shelf life indications are microbiological (total viable count, Pseudomonas spp., lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and Enterobacteriaceae), physicochemical (pH, Lipid oxidation, color changes) and Sensory attributes...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520773/development-of-the-highly-sensitive-dog-questionnaire-to-evaluate-the-personality-dimension-sensory-processing-sensitivity-in-dogs
#15
Maya Braem, Lucy Asher, Sibylle Furrer, Isabel Lechner, Hanno Würbel, Luca Melotti
In humans, the personality dimension 'sensory processing sensitivity (SPS)', also referred to as "high sensitivity", involves deeper processing of sensory information, which can be associated with physiological and behavioral overarousal. However, it has not been studied up to now whether this dimension also exists in other species. SPS can influence how people perceive the environment and how this affects them, thus a similar dimension in animals would be highly relevant with respect to animal welfare. We therefore explored whether SPS translates to dogs, one of the primary model species in personality research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518122/dorsal-root-ganglion-injection-and-dorsal-root-crush-injury-as-a-model-for-sensory-axon-regeneration
#16
Menghon Cheah, James W Fawcett, Melissa R Andrews
Achieving axon regeneration after nervous system injury is a challenging task. As different parts of the central nervous system (CNS) differ from each other anatomically, it is important to identify an appropriate model to use for the study of axon regeneration. By using a suitable model, we can formulate a specific treatment based on the severity of injury, the neuronal cell type of interest, and the desired spinal tract for assessing regeneration. Within the sensory pathway, DRG neurons are responsible for relaying sensory information from the periphery to the CNS...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516219/decreased-sensory-nerve-excitation-and-bone-pain-associated-with-mouse-lewis-lung-cancer-in-trpv1-deficient-mice
#17
Hiroki Wakabayashi, Satoshi Wakisaka, Toru Hiraga, Kenji Hata, Riko Nishimura, Makoto Tominaga, Toshiyuki Yoneda
Bone pain is one of the most common and life-limiting complications of cancer metastasis to bone. Although the mechanism of bone pain still remains poorly understood, bone pain is evoked as a consequence of sensitization and excitation of sensory nerves (SNs) innervating bone by noxious stimuli produced in the microenvironment of bone metastases. We showed that bone is innervated by calcitonin gene-related protein (CGRP)(+) SNs extending from dorsal root ganglia (DRG), the cell body of SNs, in mice. Mice intratibially injected with Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells showed progressive bone pain evaluated by mechanical allodynia and flinching with increased CGRP(+) SNs in bone and augmented SN excitation in DRG as indicated by elevated numbers of pERK- and pCREB-immunoreactive neurons...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515654/qualitative-characteristics-and-determining-shelf-life-of-milk-beverage-product-supplemented-with-coffee-extracts
#18
Ji-Woo Yoon, Sung-Il Ahn, Ha-Na Kim, Jun-Hong Park, Sun-Young Park, Jae-Hoon Kim, Duk-Geun Oh, Jin-Woo Jhoo, Gur-Yoo Kim
This study was conducted to establish the shelf-life of a milk beverage product supplemented with coffee extracts. Qualitative changes including peroxide value (PV), microorganism content, caffeine content, and sensory evaluation were measured periodically in beverages kept at 10, 20, and 30°C for 8 wk. Lipid oxidation of the product was measured by peroxide value analysis, and apparent changes were observed during a 4 wk storage period. Caffeine analysis revealed that the changes in caffeine content were negligible during the storage period...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515645/effect-of-abalone-hydrolysates-encapsulated-by-double-emulsion-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensorial-properties-of-fresh-cheese
#19
HeeJeong Choi, Soo-Jin Kim, Sang-Yoon Lee, Mi-Jung Choi
The intake of dietary salt through food now exceeds current nutritional recommendations and is thought to have negative effects on human health, such as the increasing prevalence of hypertension. This study was performed to investigate whether W1/O/W2 double emulsions can be used to enhance the saltiness of cheese without increasing the salt content (W1 is distilled water or 1% abalone hydrolysate, and W2 is 1% NaCl or 1% abalone hydrolysate + 1% NaCl solution). We also investigated the effect of adding abalone hydrolysate to the double emulsion as a saltiness enhancer...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515644/effects-of-bundle-type-and-substitution-with-spent-laying-hen-surimi-on-quality-characteristics-of-imitation-crabsticks
#20
Sang-Keun Jin, Jung-Seok Choi, Gap-Don Kim
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bundle type (BT) and substitution with spent laying hen (SH) surimi on quality characteristics of imitation crabsticks made from Alaska Pollack (AP) during 6 wk of cold storage. Diagonally bundled samples had poorer gel characteristics and more lipid oxidation when compared with straight bundled ones (p<0.05). The color of diagonally bundled imitation crabsticks deteriorated with storage time (p<0.01). However, BT did not affect sensory characteristics (p>0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
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