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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932182/recovery-after-critical-illness-polyneuropathy-in-a-patient-with-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#1
J Watanabe, E Ito, M Hatano, T Tohyama, Y Okada, Y Takada
After liver transplantation, some patients show neuromuscular abnormalities. A 43-year-old man with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C virus underwent living-donor liver transplantation. He developed severe neuromuscular dysfunction after sepsis, and acute respiratory distress syndrome. After the inflammatory reaction gradually improved, we observed bilateral weakness of the extremities and foot drop. Electrophysiological studies indicated primary axonal degeneration of peripheral motor and sensory fibers without inflammation...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926670/clinical-and-radiographical-differences-between-thoracic-idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-and-spinal-arachnoid-cyst
#2
Hiroaki Nakashima, Shiro Imagama, Hideki Yagi, Fumihiko Kato, Tokumi Kanemura, Koji Sato, Noriaki Kawakami, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Hisatake Yoshihara, Kenyu Ito, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter case-controlled study OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographical differences between thoracic idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) and spinal arachnoid cyst (SAC). SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: ISCH and SAC are relatively rare diseases. Preoperative misdiagnose was frequently reported in both, however these clinical and radiographical differences remain unclear. METHODS: Out of 30,469 patients who underwent spinal surgery, 18 (0...
December 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926618/does-sensory-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-prevent-pneumonia-in-the-acute-stage-of-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#3
Satoshi Hamada, Hirofumi Yamaguchi, Hiroyoshi Hara
Acute stroke patients with dysphagia are at risk of developing pulmonary infection, which increases the risk of death. Therefore, optimal management of dysphagia is essential; however, available evidence supporting the effectiveness of dysphagia treatments is limited. Surface electrical stimulation (e-stim) has been developed as a new treatment modality for dysphagia. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of surface sensory e-stim therapy in preventing pulmonary infection in 53 acute stroke patients with dysphagia...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925030/production-of-crispy-bread-snacks-containing-chicken-meat-and-chicken-meat-powder
#4
Hulya Cakmak, Burak Altinel, Seher Kumcuoglu, Duygu Kisla, Sebnem Tavman
Chicken meat in two different forms (chicken meat and chicken meat powder) were added into white flour and whole wheat blend baguette bread formulations for protein enrichment and finally developing new and healthy snacks. The chicken meat and powder levels were 10% for white flour baguette, and 15% for whole wheat blend. The dried baguette samples were packaged under 100% N2, and physical, chemical, microbiological and sensorial properties were evaluated during 3 months of storage. Protein content of chicken meat powder added samples were found statistically higher than chicken meat added samples...
December 1, 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923565/sound-generator-associated-with-the-counseling-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness
#5
Andressa Vital Rocha, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli
INTRODUCTION: The relations between the tinnitus and the hearing loss are due to the sensory deprivation caused by hearing loss, since this is followed by the functional and structural alteration of the auditory system as a whole. The cochlear lesions are accompanied by a reduction in the activity of the cochlear nerve, and the neural activity keeps increased in mainly all the central auditory nervous system to compensate this deficit. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of the sound generator (SG) associated with the counseling in the treatment of the tinnitus in individuals with and without hearing loss regarding the improvement of the nuisance through Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
November 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923495/improved-smell-function-with-increased-nasal-mucus-sonic-hedgehog-in-hyposmic-patients-after-treatment-with-oral-theophylline
#6
Robert I Henkin, Suzanna Hosein, William A Stateman, Alexandra B Knöppel, Mona Abdelmeguid
PURPOSE: We previously demonstrated the presence of sonic hedgehog (Shh) in nasal mucus in normal subjects and in patients with smell loss (hyposmia). Nasal mucus Shh levels were found significantly diminished in untreated hyposmic patients of multiple etiologies. Since treatment with oral theophylline has been previously associated with improvement in smell function we wished to study if such treatment increased nasal mucus Shh as well as improved smell function in patients with hyposmia...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922951/anatomic-and-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-knee-sensory-innervation-a-cadaveric-study-to-determine-anatomic-targets-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-knee-pain
#7
Jorge M Orduña Valls, Ricardo Vallejo, Pablo López Pais, Eliezer Soto, Daniel Torres Rodríguez, David L Cedeño, Carlos Tornero Tornero, Maximino Quintáns Rodríguez, Aurora Baluja González, Julián Álvarez Escudero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthrosis is a main cause of knee pain in the elderly. Pain associated with this condition is often refractory to conservative treatment. Total knee replacement may be the best option for severe pathologies; however, the occurrence of a chronic pain state after knee replacement has been well documented in the literature. The previous descriptions of the genicular nerves have been considered somewhat inaccurate. This innervation is complex and exhibits significant interindividual variability...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922949/the-neurological-safety-of-an-epidurally-administered-lipo-pge1-agonist-in-rats
#8
Eunjoo Choi, Sun Min Im, Hyung-Seok Yoo, Francis Sahngun Nahm, Yang Hyun Kim, Gheeyoung Choe, Pyung Bok Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Liposomal prostaglandin E1 (Lipo-PGE1) can inhibit platelet aggregation and vasodilatation and has been found to be therapeutic in ischemia and spinal diseases including stenosis. However, the neurologic safety of epidural administration of lipo-PGE1 requires further study. We investigated the neurotoxicity of epidurally administered lipo-PGE1 agonist in rats. METHODS: Twenty-seven rats were randomly divided into three groups: Epidural isotonic sodium chloride solution administration (negative control, group N, n = 9); epidural lipo-PGE1 agonist (group L, n = 9); and epidural alcohol (positive control, group A, n = 9)...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921243/comparison-of-rnai-ngr-and-nep1-40-in-acting-on-axonal-regeneration-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rat-models
#9
Jing Xu, Jian He, Huang He, Renjun Peng, Jian Xi
This study was intended to compare the therapeutic efficacies of NEP1-40 and SiNgR199 on treating spinal cord injury (SCI). Nogo-A, growth associated protein 43 (GAP-43), microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP-2), and amyloid βA4 precursor protein (APP) expressions were determined using western blot and quantitative PCR. Neurite outgrowth detected the growth of neurites, and BDA anterograde tracing was used to label the regenerated axonal. Rats' behavior was assessed with Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale (BBB)...
December 5, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921158/long-term-outcome-of-percutaneous-alcohol-embolization-combined-with-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-in-aggressive-vertebral-hemangiomas-with-epidural-extension
#10
Kévin Premat, Frédéric Clarençon, Évelyne Cormier, Jugurtha Mahtout, Raphaël Bonaccorsi, Vincent Degos, Jacques Chiras
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, on a long-term basis, the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous alcohol embolization (PAE) combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) as a sole treatment for aggressive vertebral haemangiomas (AVHs) with epidural extension. METHODS: From 1996 to 2015, 26 consecutive patients (15 women [58%] and 11 men; mean age 51.8 years [range: 19-75 years]) underwent PAE combined with PVP (performed at day 15) for the treatment of 27 AVHs with epidural extension...
December 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920498/feasibility-of-sequential-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-a-3-month-oxaliplatin-based-regimen-followed-by-3-months-of-capecitabine-in-patients-with-stage-iii-and-high-risk-stage-ii-colorectal-cancer-jswog-c2-study
#11
Atsushi Tsuruta, Kazuki Yamashita, Hiroaki Tanioka, Akihito Tsuji, Michio Inukai, Toshiki Yamakawa, Tomoki Yamatsuji, Masanori Yoshimitsu, Kazuhiro Toyota, Taketoshi Yamano, Takeshi Nagasaka, Masazumi Okajima
BACKGROUND: Six months of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is the standard adjuvant chemotherapy for completely resected stage III colorectal cancer (CRC). Also, patients with stage II CRC who are considered to be at high risk of disease recurrence often receive the same adjuvant chemotherapy treatment. We prospectively investigated the extent and degree of neuropathy suffered by stage III and high-risk stage II resectable CRC patients who underwent sequential approach involving 3 months of an oxaliplatin-based regimen followed by 3 months of capecitabine...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919862/spinal-cord-injury-assessing-tolerability-and-use-of-combined-rehabilitation-and-neuroaid-saturn-study-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-in-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-neuroaid-amongst-people-who-sustain-severe-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Ramesh Kumar, Ohnmar Htwe, Azmi Baharudin, Mohammad Hisam Ariffin, Shaharuddin Abdul Rhani, Kamalnizat Ibrahim, Aishah Rustam, Robert Gan
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with limited therapeutic options despite decades of research. Current treatment options include use of steroids, surgery, and rehabilitation. Nevertheless, many patients with SCI remain disabled. MLC601 (NeuroAiD), a combination of natural products, has been shown to be safe and to aid neurological recovery after brain injuries and may have a potential role in improving recovery after SCI. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NeuroAiD amongst people who sustain SCI in the study setting...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919251/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sensory-awareness-training-and-additional-motor-practice-for-learning-scalpel-skills-in-podiatry-students
#13
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919222/capsaicin-8-patch-repeat-treatment-plus-standard-of-care-soc-versus-soc-alone-in-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-randomised-52-week-open-label-safety-study
#14
Aaron I Vinik, Serge Perrot, Etta J Vinik, Ladislav Pazdera, Hélène Jacobs, Malcolm Stoker, Stephen K Long, Robert J Snijder, Marjolijne van der Stoep, Enrique Ortega, Nathaniel Katz
BACKGROUND: This 52-week study evaluated the long-term safety and tolerability of capsaicin 8% w/w (179 mg) patch repeat treatment plus standard of care (SOC) versus SOC alone in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). METHODS: Phase 3, multinational, open-label, randomised, controlled, 52-week safety study, conducted in Europe. Patients were randomised to capsaicin 8% patch repeat treatment (30 or 60 min; 1-7 treatments with ≥ 8-week intervals) to painful areas of the feet plus SOC, or SOC alone...
December 6, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918927/meatballs-with-3-and-6-dietary-fibre-from-rye-bran-or-pea-fibre-effects-on-sensory-quality-and-subjective-appetite-sensations
#15
Ursula Kehlet, Mette Pagter, Margit D Aaslyng, Anne Raben
This study investigated dose-response effects of rye bran and pea fibre added to meatballs on sensory quality and subjective appetite sensations. Pea fibre or rye bran was added to meatballs in doses ranging from 3g to 6g dietary fibre per 100g. In a sensory profile, a trained panel (n=9) evaluated the meatballs in terms of odour, appearance, texture and flavour attributes. In a cross-over appetite study, 27 healthy men were served five test meals. Subjective appetite sensations were assessed over a 4-hour period...
November 18, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918366/oculographic-clinical-test-of-sensory-integration-and-balance-and-computerized-dynamic-posturography-findings-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#16
Juan Carlos Amor-Dorado, Maria P Barreira-Fernandez, Javier Llorca, Miguel A Gonzalez-Gay
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and characteristics of the oculographic findings and the usefulness of the clinical test of sensory integration and balance (CTSIB) for the evaluation of balance in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) by comparing this test with the computerized dynamic posturography (CDP). STUDY DESIGN: A series of consecutive patients that fulfilled the Moll and Wright criteria for PsA and matched controls were studied. SETTING: The study was performed at the Otolaryngology Division of a tertiary reference center...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918337/the-effects-of-a-genital-vibratory-stimulation-device-on-sexual-function-and-genital-sensation
#17
Marsha K Guess, Kathleen A Connell, Scott Chudnoff, Olusola Adekoya, Cherrilyn Richmond, Kayla E Nixon, Katherine Freeman, Arnold Melman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a genital vibratory stimulation device in improving sexual function in women with arousal and orgasm disorders. METHODS: In this single-arm, prospective study, baseline and 1- and 3-month assessments were performed to evaluate women with sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, who received therapy using a genital vibratory stimulation device. Sexual function, satisfaction, and distress were evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Female Sexual Distress Scale, and the Female Intervention Efficacy Index questionnaires...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918184/brain-responses-to-regular-and-octave-scrambled-melodies-a-case-of-predictive-coding
#18
Eitan Globerson, Roni Granot, Idan Tal, Yuval Harpaz, Maor Zeev-Wolf, Abraham Golstein
Melody recognition is an online process of evaluating incoming information and comparing this information to an existing internal corpus, thereby reducing prediction error. The predictive-coding model postulates top-down control on sensory processing accompanying reduction in prediction error. To investigate the relevancy of this model to melody processing, the current study examined early magnetoencephalogram (MEG) auditory responses to familiar and unfamiliar melodies in 25 participants. The familiar melodies followed and primed an octave-scrambled version of the same melody...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917806/comparison-of-intrathecal-plain-articaine-and-levobupivacaine-with-fentanyl-for-caesarean-section
#19
Rüveyda I Demircioglua, Muhammet Gozdemira, Burhanettin Ustaa, Hüseyin Serta, Safinaz Karabayirlia, Bünyamin Muslua, Esra A Keskinb
PURPOSE: Articaine is used as a local anesthetic for outpatient surgery because it offers rapid onset of anesthesia and short duration motor block. Levobupivacaine is often preferred for Caesarean section. We evaluated the anesthetic characteristics of fentanyl-supplemented plain articaine and levobupivacaine for Caesarean section under combine spinal epidural anesthesia. METHODS: Patients undergoing Caesarean section received in random order plain articaine 40 mg (Group A, n=50) or plain levobupivacaine 10 mg (Group L, n=50) mixed with fentanyl 20 µg intrathecally...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917559/prognostic-value-of-nerve-ultrasound-and-electrophysiological-findings-in-saturday-night-palsy
#20
Antonios Kerasnoudis, Panagiota Ntasiou, Efthymia Ntasiou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report on the prognostic role of the cross-sectional area (CSA) enlargement and conduction block (CB) in radial neuropathy (Saturday night palsy [SNP]). METHODS: Reference CSA values were defined in 30 healthy subjects. Twenty-four patients with SNP underwent evaluation (Thessaloniki Hypesthesia Score [THS], Medical Research Council [MRC], ultrasound, electrophysiology). All patients were followed up 3 months after initial presentation...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
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