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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644883/effects-of-dietary-inclusion-of-high-concentrations-of-crude-glycerin-on-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-feedlot-fed-nellore-bulls
#1
Eric H C B van Cleef, André P D'Áurea, Vanessa R Fávaro, Flavia O S van Cleef, Robson S Barducci, Marco T C Almeida, Otávio R Machado Neto, Jane M B Ezequiel
Crude glycerin, the main by-product of biodiesel production, can replace dietary energy sources, such as corn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inclusion of up to 30% of crude glycerin in dry matter (DM) of the total diets, and its effects on meat quality parameters of feedlot Nellore bulls. Thirty animals (227.7 ± 23.8 kg body weight; 18 months old) were housed in individual pens and fed 5 experimental diets, containing 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 or 30% crude glycerin (DM basis). After 103 d (21 d adaptation) animals were slaughtered and the Longissimus muscle was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644253/spectrum-of-autonomic-nervous-system-impairment-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#2
Brent P Goodman, Amy Crepeau, Priya S Dhawan, Julie A Khoury, Lucinda A Harris
OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of autonomic dysfunction in a uniformly evaluated cohort of patients with Sjögren syndrome. METHODS: A series of 13 patients underwent a comprehensive evaluation for suspected autonomic impairment, including a neurological examination, autonomic testing, and laboratory studies. A diagnosis of Sjögren syndrome was established as the cause of autonomic dysfunction in all. Clinical features, findings on autonomic testing, and laboratory results are described...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642996/central-conduction-abnormalities-in-patients-receiving-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-infusion
#3
Francesco Bove, Marco Luigetti, Lara Gallicchio, Valentina Recchia, Antonella Petruzzellis, Riccardo Di Iorio, Filippo Tamma, Alfonso Fasano
In recent years, several studies have reported a relatively high frequency of polyneuropathy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), in particular, in patients receiving levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion. In spite of the several patients investigated with nerve conduction studies, no study has prospectively explored a possible central nervous system involvement of patients receiving LCIG infusion. We prospectively evaluated eight PD patients receiving LCIG infusion, who underwent neurophysiological evaluations with nerve conduction studies, visual, somatosensory and motor evoked potentials before LCIG infusion, and 1 and 6 months after...
June 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642018/clinical-study-of-27-patients-with-medial-medullary-infarction
#4
Takayoshi Akimoto, Katsuhiko Ogawa, Akihiko Morita, Yutaka Suzuki, Satoshi Kamei
BACKGROUND: Medial medullary infarction (MMI) is a rare ischemic stroke. Frequency of each neurological finding in MMI was different in each study. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of patients with cerebral infarction who were admitted between March 1998 and October 2015. Patients in our study were diagnosed as having MMI by magnetic resonance image examination. RESULTS: Of 2727 patients with ischemic stroke, 27 patients (20 males and 7 females) had MMI...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640143/relationship-between-postural-instability-and-subcortical-volume-loss-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Young-Wook Lee, Hyung Lee, In-Sung Chung, Hyon-Ah Yi
The relationship between postural instability and subcortical structure in AD has received less attention. The aims of this study were to assess whether there are differences in the ability to control balance between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and controls, and to investigate the association between subcortical gray matter volumes and postural instability in AD.We enrolled 107 consecutive AD patients and 37 controls. All participants underwent detailed neuropsychological evaluations, T1-weighted MRI at 3 T, and posture assessment using computerized dynamic posturography...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#6
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637600/distinguishing-between-nociceptive-and-neuropathic-components-in-chronic-low-back-pain-using-behavioural-evaluation-and-sensory-examination
#7
N Spahr, D Hodkinson, K Jolly, S Williams, M Howard, M Thacker
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of chronic low back pain (CLBP) is traditionally predicated on identifying underlying pathological or anatomical causes, with treatment outcomes modest at best. Alternately, it is suggested that identification of underlying pain mechanisms with treatments targeted towards specific pain phenotypes may yield more success. Differentiation between nociceptive and neuropathic components of CLBP is problematic; evidence suggests that clinicians fail to identify a significant neuropathic component in many CLBP patients...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637284/descriptive-texture-analyses-of-cooked-patties-made-of-chicken-breast-with-the-woody-breast-condition1
#8
G Sanchez Brambila, Debolina Chatterjee, B Bowker, H Zhuang
The woody breast (WB) condition negatively influences the texture characteristics and quality of intact broiler breast fillets (Pectoralis major). But the impact of WB on ground meat is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of WB on the texture and cook loss of ground meat made of broiler breast fillets. Broiler breasts (deboned 3 h postmortem) were collected on 3 separate trial d from the commercial deboning line and classified into normal and severe WB fillet categories. Individual fillets were either ground and formed into patties or left intact prior to being stored for 7 d at -20°C...
June 16, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635218/-nasal-irrigation-for-the-treatment-of-vasomotor-rhinitis-a-pilot-study
#9
L Lin, Q Lu, X Y Tang, F Dai, J J Wei
Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of simple 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and combined treatment of 3.0% saline nasal irrigation and budesonide nasal spray for vasomotor rhinitis (VMR), and explore the long-term effect for VMR. Through examination of levels of substance P (SP) and mucin (MUC)5B in nasal lavage fluid, the mechanisms of nasal irrigation treatment for VMR was discussed. Methods: One hundred and one patients from Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University with VMR were randomly divided into 4 groups...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634887/aberrant-connections-between-climbing-fibres-and-purkinje-cells-induce-alterations-in-the-timing-of-an-instrumental-response-in-the-rat
#10
Lorena Gaytán-Tocavén, Miguel Ángel López-Vázquez, Miguel Ángel Guevara, María Esther Olvera-Cortés
Cerebellar participation in timing and sensory-motor sequences has been supported by several experimental and clinical studies. A relevant role of the cerebellum in timing of conditioned responses in the range of milliseconds has been demonstrated, but less is known regarding the role of the cerebellum in supra-second timing of operant responses. A dissociated role of the cerebellum and striatum in timing in the millisecond and second range had been reported, respectively. The climbing fibre-Purkinje cell synapse is crucial in timing models; thus, the aberrant connection between these cellular elements is a suitable model for evaluating the contribution of the cerebellum in timing in the supra-second range...
June 20, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632467/effects-of-a-single-session-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-upper-limb-movements-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-sham-controlled-study
#11
Renata Calhes Franco Moura, Cibele Santos, Luanda Collange Grecco, Giorgio Albertini, Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Claudia Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairment in children with spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsy (CP) is generally more prominent in the affected upper limb, leading to limitations in hand function stemming from deficiencies in motor coordination and selective motor control as well as muscle weakness, slower execution of movements and deficient integration of sensory-motor information. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of a single session of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with functional training on the spatiotemporal variables of upper arm movements in children with spastic hemiparesis...
February 25, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631870/thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-neuropathic-pain-efficacy-at-three-years-follow-up
#12
Vasco Abreu, Rui Vaz, Virgínia Rebelo, Maria José Rosas, Clara Chamadoira, Martin J Gillies, Tipu Z Aziz, Erlick A C Pereira
OBJECT: Chronic neuropathic pain is estimated to affect 3-4.5% of the worldwide population, posing a serious burden to society. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is already established for movement disorders and also used to treat some "off-label" conditions. However, DBS for the treatment of chronic, drug refractory, neuropathic pain, has shown variable outcomes with few studies performed in the last decade. Thus, this procedure has consensus approval in parts of Europe but not the USA. This study prospectively evaluated the efficacy at three years of DBS for neuropathic pain...
June 20, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631805/drug-therapy-for-chronic-idiopathic-axonal-polyneuropathy
#13
REVIEW
Janna Warendorf, Alexander Fje Vrancken, Ivo N van Schaik, Richard Ac Hughes, Nicolette C Notermans
BACKGROUND: Chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) is an insidiously progressive sensory or sensorimotor polyneuropathy that affects elderly people. Although severe disability or handicap does not occur, CIAP reduces quality of life. CIAP is diagnosed in 10% to 25% of people referred for evaluation of polyneuropathy. There is a need to gather and review emerging evidence on treatments, as the number of people affected is likely to increase in ageing populations. This is an update of a review first published in 2004 and previously updated in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2013...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631434/survival-of-spray-dried-and-free-cells-of-potential-probiotic-lactobacillus-plantarum-564-in-soft-goat-cheese
#14
Zorica Radulović, Jelena Miočinović, Nemanja Mirković, Milica Mirković, Dušanka Paunović, Marina Ivanović, Sanja Seratlić
A high viability of probiotics in food product, with a living cells threshold of 10(7) /cfu/g (colony-forming units/g) is a challenge to achieve in food production. Spray drying is an efficient and economic industrial method for probiotic bacterial preservation and its application in food products. In this study, the survival of free and spray-dried cells of potential probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 564 after production and during 8 weeks of storage of soft acid coagulated goat cheese was investigated, as well as compositional and sensory quality of cheese...
June 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630754/nerve-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-and-hand
#15
Lars B Dahlin, Mikael Wiberg
A nerve injury has a profound impact on the patient's daily life due to the impaired sensory and motor function, impaired dexterity, sensitivity to cold as well as eventual pain problems.To perform an appropriate treatment of nerve injuries, a correct diagnosis must be made, where the injury is properly classified, leading to an optimal surgical approach and technique, where timing of surgery is also important for the outcome.Knowledge about the nerve regeneration process, where delicate processes occur in neurons, non-neuronal cells (i...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629585/sensory-capability-of-young-middle-aged-and-elderly-irish-assessors-to-identify-beef-steaks-of-varying-texture
#16
Paula M Conroy, Maurice G O' Sullivan, Ruth M Hamill, Joseph P Kerry
This study assessed the capability of various Irish assessor age cohorts to identify beef steaks of varying texture. Varying steak textures Moderately Tough (MTH), Moderately Tender (MTR) and Tender (TR) were achieved by aging beef longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle for 2, 7 and 21days respectively. Warner Bratzler Shear Force (WBSF) was measured to standardise the samples. Sensory evaluation was carried using 428 participants; 18-30yrs (years) (n=143), 31-60yrs (n=80), 61-75yrs (n=99) and 76-85yrs old (n=106)...
May 28, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628232/sensory-mapping-of-pelvic-dermatomes-in-women-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#18
Tatiana Sanses, Patrick McCabe, Ling Zhong, Aisha Taylor, Gisela Chelimsky, Sangeeta Mahajan, Tony Buffington, Adonis Hijaz, Sarah Ialacci, Jeffrey Janata, Thomas Chelimsky
AIM: To describe a sensory map of pelvic dermatomes in women with Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS). We hypothesized that if IC/BPS involves changes in central processing, then women with IC/BPS will exhibit sensory abnormalities in neurologic pelvic dermatomes. METHODS: Women with IC/BPS and healthy controls underwent neurologic examination that included evaluation of sharp pain sensitivity and vibration in dermatomes T12, L1, L2, S1-5. Peripheral nervous system sensitivity to pressure, vibration, and pinprick were scored using numeric rating scales (NRS)...
June 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624567/results-of-operative-treatment-of-brachial-plexus-injury-resulting-from-shoulder-dislocation-a-study-with-a-long-term-follow-up
#19
Olga Gutkowska, Jacek Martynkiewicz, Sylwia Mizia, Michał Bąk, Jerzy Gosk
BACKGROUND: Injury to the infraclavicular brachial plexus is an uncommon but serious complication of shoulder dislocation. This work aims to determine the effectiveness of operative treatment in patients with this type of injury. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (26 males,7 females; mean age 45 years 3 months) treated operatively for brachial plexus injury resulting from shoulder dislocation between the years 2000-2013 were included in this retrospective case series...
June 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624495/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-electrostimulation-guided-nerve-blocks-of-brachial-plexus-in-dogs
#20
Minori Akasaka, Miki Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of ultrasound- and electrostimulation-guided nerve blocks of the brachial plexus and to determine whether ultrasound guidance is feasible in conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, crossover, experimental study. ANIMALS: Six clinically healthy adult Beagle dogs. METHODS: The nerves of the brachial plexus of the right thoracic limb were blocked under ultrasound guidance (UNB) in conscious dogs and under electrostimulation guidance (ENB) in anesthetized dogs with bupivacaine (0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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