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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785932/cortical-thickness-correlates-of-minor-neurological-signs-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#1
Simone Ciufolini, Maria Francesca Ponteduro, Tiago Reis-Marques, Heather Taylor, Valeria Mondelli, Carmine M Pariante, Stefania Bonaccorso, Raymond Chan, Andy Simmons, Anthony David, Marta Di Forti, Robin M Murray, Paola Dazzan
Neurological soft signs (NSS) are subtle abnormalities of motor and sensory function that are present in the absence of localized brain pathological lesions. In psychoses they have been consistently associated with a distinct pattern of cortical and subcortical brain structural alterations at the level of the heteromodal cortex and basal ganglia. However, a more specific and accurate evaluation of the cytoarchitecture of the cortical mantle could further advance our understanding of the neurobiological substrate of psychosis...
May 18, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#2
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784135/cultural-adaptation-of-the-adolescent-pediatric-pain-tool-in-turkish-children-with-cancer
#3
Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Elif Bilsin, Şeyda Binay, Hatice Bal Yılmaz, Eufemia Jacob
PURPOSE: Pain is very common among pediatric cancers. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool (APPT). METHODS: In this methodological study, language validity and content validity of the words in the third section of the scale, which was administered to children with cancer, were tested using the Q-sort method. The APPT was used to measure test-retest reliability once for each of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd weeks of the chemotherapy protocols for 30 children...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784077/effects-of-ketamine-compared-with-urethane-anesthesia-on-vestibular-sensory-evoked-potentials-and-systemic-physiology-in-mice
#4
Choongheon Lee, Timothy A Jones
The injectable anesthetic mixture ketamine-xylazine is commonly used for electrophysiologic experiments in laboratory animals, especially rodents. General anesthesia can induce significant changes in systemic physiology, including those that compromise neural function, thus introducing research confounds. The extent of such concerns varies by agent. Here in mice, we compared the effects of ketamine-xylazine and urethane-xylazine anesthesia on systemic physiologic parameters and the vestibular sensory evoked potential (VsEP), a tool used commonly to assess peripheral vestibular function...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783637/a-phosphatidylserine-source-of-docosahexanoic-acid-improves-neurodevelopment-and-survival-of-preterm-pigs
#5
Randal K Buddington, Victor V Chizhikov, Igor Y Iskusnykh, Helen J Sable, Jeffrey J Sable, Zade R Holloway, Tamar Blumenfeld Katzir, Marie van der Merwe, Taisiya Yakimkova, Karyl K Buddington, Yael Lifshitz, Shoshi Tessler, Ariel Gilbert
The amount, composition, and sources of nutrition support provided to preterm infants is critical for normal growth and development, and particularly for structural and functional neurodevelopment. Although omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), and particularly docosahexanoic acid (DHA), are considered of particular importance, results from clinical trials with preterm infants have been inconclusive because of ethical limitations and confounding variables. A translational large animal model is needed to understand the structural and functional responses to DHA...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783164/potential-risks-from-uv-h-2-o-2-oxidation-and-uv-photocatalysis-a-review-of-toxic-assimilable-and-sensory-unpleasant-transformation-products
#6
REVIEW
Wen-Long Wang, Qian-Yuan Wu, Nan Huang, Zi-Bin Xu, Min-Yong Lee, Hong-Ying Hu
UV based advanced oxidation processes (UV-AOPs) that efficiently eliminate organic pollutants during water treatment have been the subject of numerous investigations. Most organic pollutants are not completely mineralized during UV-AOPs but are partially oxidized into transformation products (TPs), thereby adding complexity to the treated water and posing risks to humans, ecological systems, and the environment. While the degradation kinetics and mechanisms of pollutants have been widely documented, there is little information about the risks associated with TPs...
May 15, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782958/changes-in-behavioural-parameters-oxidative-stress-and-neurotrophins-in-the-brain-of-adult-offspring-induced-to-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-the-effects-of-fa-deficient-or-fa-supplemented-diet-during-the-neurodevelopmental-phase
#7
L Canever, T G Freire, G A Mastella, L Damázio, S Gomes, I Fachim, C Michels, G Carvalho, A K Godói, B R Peterle, F F Gava, S Valvassori Sda, J Budni, J Quevedo, A I Zugno
A deficiency of maternal folic acid (FA) can compromise the function and development of the brain, and may produce a susceptibility to diseases such as schizophrenia (SZ) in the later life of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both FA deficient and FA supplemented diets during gestation and lactation on behavioural parameters, the markers of oxidative stress and neurotrophic factors in adult offspring which had been subjected to an animal model of SZ. Female mother rats (Dam's) were separated into experimental maternal groups, which began receiving a special diet (food) consisting of the AIN-93 diet, a control diet, or an FA deficient diet during the periods of pregnancy and lactation...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781807/word-recognition-re-thinking-prosthetic-vision-evaluation
#8
Shui'Er Han, Cheng Qiu, Kassandra R Lee, JaeHyun Jung, Eli Peli
Evaluations of vision prostheses and sensory substitution devices have frequently relied on repeated training and testing with the same small set of items. These multiple forced-choice tasks have been shown to produce above chance performance in blind patients, but it is unclear if the observed performance represents restoration of vision that transfers to novel, untrained items. Here, we tested the generalizability of the forced-choice paradigm on the discrimination of low-resolution word images. Extensive visual training was conducted with the same 10 words used in previous BrainPort tongue stimulating studies...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781785/intention-of-older-women-to-consume-100-watermelon-juice-for-vascular-health-an-application-of-theory-of-planned-behavior
#9
Seung Eun Jung, Amy C Ellis, Kristi Crowe-White
To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Analysis included Structural Equation Modeling with maximum likelihood. The measurement model provided a good fit (x2  = 70...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781209/oral-phase-dysphagia-in-facial-onset-sensory-and-motor-neuronopathy
#10
Mitsuru Watanabe, Wataru Shiraishi, Ryo Yamasaki, Noriko Isobe, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Ryuji Yasumatsu, Takashi Nakagawa, Jun-Ichi Kira
INTRODUCTION: Facial onset motor and sensory neuronopathy (FOSMN) is a rare disease whose cardinal features are initial asymmetrical facial sensory deficits followed by bulbar symptoms and spreading of sensory and motor deficits from face to scalp, neck, upper trunk, and upper extremities in a rostral-caudal direction. Although bulbar involvement is frequently observed in FOSMN, dysphagia in these patients has not been fully described. In this study, we aimed to characterize dysphagia as a prognostic factor in FOSMN by investigating our institutional case series...
May 21, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781152/quality-perception-purchase-intention-and-the-impact-of-information-on-the-evaluation-of-refined-pacific-cupped-oysters-crassostrea-gigas-by-dutch-consumers
#11
Jasper van Houcke, Themistokilis Altintzoglou, Jozef Linssen, Joop Luten
BACKGROUND: Oyster refinement using land-based pond systems is a new activity in the Dutch oyster sector in order to increase the oyster tissue weight and change the sensorial properties of oysters. However, the response of Dutch consumers towards refined oysters is unknown. The research aim was to gain insight in the importance of oyster quality parameters, drivers for oyster consumption and acceptance of refined oysters by Dutch consumers taking into account the information given on the product and process...
May 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780422/cochlear-implantation-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
C Lane Anzalone, Sarah Nuhanovic, Amy P Olund, Matthew L Carlson
Introduction: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a peripheral hereditary neuropathy associated with motor and sensory impairment and can result in profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Currently, the role of cochlear implantation in the setting of CMT and other progressive peripheral neurodegenerative disorders is not well established. Methods: Case report and review of the English literature. Results: A 70-year-old male with CMT was referred for evaluation of progressive asymmetric SNHL and reported a 15-year duration of deafness involving the left ear...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780225/sleep-and-psychiatric-abnormalities-in-gullian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#13
Wafik Said Bahnasy, Yasser Abo Elfotoh El-Heneedy, Ahmed Mohamed El-Shamy, Marwa Yassin Badr, Reham Ahmed Amer, Ibrahim Salah Eldeen Ibrahim
Background: The sensori-motor manifestations of Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS) are usually severe enough to mask the psychiatric and sleep problems which are in need for more attention for better functional outcome. Methods: This study was performed on 20 GBS patients and 10 healthy controls. Patients were evaluated initially before immunotherapy using the Overall Disability Sum Score (ODSS), Neuropathy Pain Scale (NPS), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS), Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and one-night polysomnography (PSG) followed by the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) to evaluate the mean sleep latencies...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779092/neurodynamic-evaluation-and-nerve-conduction-studies-in-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#14
Tugba Ozudogru Celik, Burcu Duyur Cakit, Baris Nacir, Hakan Genc, Mehmet Onat Cakit, Aynur Karagoz
Forward head posture (FHP) is one of the most frequently seen problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neurodynamic tests and peripheral nerve conductions of upper extremity in patients with FHP. The study population included 100 patients with upper extremity and neck problems and 34 healthy individuals as a control group. Craniovertebral angle measurement was used to determine forward head posture. Stretch tests for radial, ulnar and median nerves were performed. Nerve conductions of bilateral median, radial, ulnar and medial antebrachial cutaneous (MAC) nerves were examined in all patients included in the study...
May 19, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779050/proprioceptive-loss-and-the-perception-control-and-learning-of-arm-movements-in-humans-evidence-from-sensory-neuronopathy
#15
R Chris Miall, Nick M Kitchen, Se-Ho Nam, Hannah Lefumat, Alix G Renault, Kristin Ørstavik, Jonathan D Cole, Fabrice R Sarlegna
It is uncertain how vision and proprioception contribute to adaptation of voluntary arm movements. In normal participants, adaptation to imposed forces is possible with or without vision, suggesting that proprioception is sufficient; in participants with proprioceptive loss (PL), adaptation is possible with visual feedback, suggesting that proprioception is unnecessary. In experiment 1 adaptation to, and retention of, perturbing forces were evaluated in three chronically deafferented participants. They made rapid reaching movements to move a cursor toward a visual target, and a planar robot arm applied orthogonal velocity-dependent forces...
May 19, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778983/changes-in-the-physiochemical-microbial-and-sensory-characteristics-of-fresh-pork-sausage-containing-rosemary-and-green-tea-extracts-during-retail-display
#16
M W Schilling, A J Pham, J B Williams, Y L Xiong, N Dhowlaghar, A C Tolentino, S Kin
The effects of adding combinations of rosemary (R: 1500, 2000, 2500 ppm) and green tea (G: 100, 200, 300 ppm) extracts in combination with synthetic antioxidants on the physiochemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics of fresh pork sausage were evaluated. R and G improved (P < .05) oxidative stability as evidenced by lower TBARS. R2500 and G300 had fewer PPC than the control at d 7, 14, and 21 of storage. Consumer acceptability scores were greater (P < .05) in sausages with R and G when compared to the control, and the majority of the R and G treatments were liked by 98% of the respondents...
May 17, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777741/effect-of-exposure-to-similar-flavours-in-sensory-specific-satiety-implications-for-eating-behaviour
#17
Ana González, Sergio Andrés Recio, Jesús Sánchez, Marta Gil, Isabel de Brugada
Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) refers to a decline in pleasantness of eaten foods in comparison to other non-ingested meals. Although SSS is specific to the eaten food, it can also generalize to other meals that share similar properties to the satiated food. It is possible that this phenomenon could become more specific after extensive experience, as repeated exposure to an assortment of similar food could cause perceptual learning (i.e. an increase in the distinctiveness of each specific item). This in turn would reduce generalization from the consumed food to other similar products, so they will be more readily consumed...
May 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777310/mechanical-sensitivity-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#18
Mika Honda, Takashi Iida, Hirona Kamiyama, Manabu Masuda, Misao Kawara, Peter Svensson, Osamu Komiyama
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare mechanical sensitivity on the tongue using quantitative sensory testing (QST) and psychological factors using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) between burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients and healthy participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants comprised 20 female BMS patients (68.1 ± 7.4 years) and 20 healthy females (65.4 ± 4.6 years). Psychological factors were evaluated with GHQ. Tactile detection thresholds (TDT) and filament-prick pain detection thresholds (FPT) were used to evaluate mechanical sensitivity on the tongue in all participants...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775623/unsupervised-visual-discrimination-learning-of-complex-stimuli-accuracy-bias-and-generalization
#19
Rodrigo Montefusco-Siegmund, Mauricio Toro, Pedro E Maldonado, María de la L Aylwin
Through same-different judgements, we can discriminate an immense variety of stimuli and consequently, they are critical in our everyday interaction with the environment. The quality of the judgements depends on familiarity with stimuli. A way to improve the discrimination is through learning, but to this day, we lack direct evidence of how learning shapes the same-different judgments with complex stimuli. We studied unsupervised visual discrimination learning in 42 participants, as they performed same-different judgments with two types of unfamiliar complex stimuli in the absence of labeling or individuation...
May 15, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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