Read by QxMD icon Read


Amar S Katkar, Shobhnath P Gupta, Md Motin Seikh, Lih-Juann Chen, Pravin S Walke
The Cr doped tunable thickness core-shell Ge/GeOx nanowires were synthesized and characterized using X-ray diffraction, FESEM, TEM, EDS, XPS and magnetization studies. The shell thickness increases with the increase in synthesis temperature. The presence of metallic Cr and Cr3+ in core-shell structure was confirmed from XPS study. The magnetic property is highly sensitive to the core-shell thickness and intriguing room temperature ferromagnetism is realized only in core-shell nanowires. The magnetization decreases with increase in shell thickness and practically ceases to exist when there is no core...
March 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Xuguang Li, Tong Li, Tong Zhang, Cheng Gu, Shourong Zheng, Haijun Zhang, Wei Chen
Nano-scale titanium dioxide (nTiO2) is one of the most widely used metal oxide nanomaterials. Once released into the environment, nTiO2 may catalyze abiotic transformation of contaminants, and consequently affect their fate and effects. Here, we show that the overall catalytic efficiency of nTiO2 for the dehydrochlorination reaction of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, a commonly used solvent, depends on the crystalline phase and exposed facets of nTiO2, which significantly affect the adsorption capacity and surface catalytic activity of nTiO2...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Yangbo Wang, Bingxiao Yang, Kun Chen, Enlong Zhou, Qinghua Zhang, Lisha Yin, Xiaoji Xie, Lin Gu, Ling Huang
Scandium (Sc) sits at a unique position in the periodic table, i.e., the junction of the top of the rare earth column and the beginning of the transition metal row. Studies have shown that Sc-based nanomaterials are very sensitive to the surrounding chemical environment. A simple adjustment of the chemical reaction conditions such as temperature, surfactant molecules, and solvents (e.g., oleic acid (OA) or 1-octadecene (OD)) can easily lead to different products in terms of chemical composition and phase structure...
March 19, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Huanyu Jin, Chunxian Guo, Xin Liu, Jinlong Liu, Anthony Vasileff, Yan Jiao, Yao Zheng, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Over the past few decades, the design and development of advanced electrocatalysts for efficient energy conversion technologies have been subjects of extensive study. With the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have emerged as some of the most promising candidates for heterogeneous electrocatalysts due to their unique physical, chemical, and electronic properties. Here, we review 2D-nanomaterial-based electrocatalysts for selected electrocatalytic processes. We first discuss the unique advances in 2D electrocatalysts based on different compositions and functions followed by specific design principles...
March 19, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Yu Jen Jan, Jie-Fu Chen, Yazhen Zhu, Yi-Tsung Lu, Szu Hao Chen, Howard Chung, Matthew Smalley, Yen-Wen Huang, Jiantong Dong, Hsiao-Hua Yu, James S Tomlinson, Shuang Hou, Vatche G Agopian, Edwin M Posadas, Hsian-Rong Tseng
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are cancer cells shredded from either a primary tumor or a metastatic site and circulate in the blood as the potential cellular origin of metastasis. By detecting and analyzing CTCs, we will be able to noninvasively monitor disease progression in individual cancer patients and obtain insightful information for assessing disease status, thus realizing the concept of "tumor liquid biopsy". However, it is technically challenging to identify CTCs in patient blood samples because of the extremely low abundance of CTCs among a large number of hematologic cells...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Rui Chen, Jiyan Qiao, Ru Bai, Yuliang Zhao, Chunying Chen
Nanomaterials (NMs) are widely used in various areas because of their unique and useful physicochemical properties. However, they may pose toxicity risks to human health after exposure. Applicable and reliable approaches are needed for risk assessment of NMs. Herein, an intelligent analytical strategy for safety assessment of NMs is proposed that focuses on toxicity assessment using an in vitro cell model. The toxicity assessment by testing on the adverse outcome pathway in a cell culture system was defined by application of a tiered testing approach...
March 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Elnaz Bagheri, Legha Ansari, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Fahimeh Charbgoo, Mohammad Ramezani, Mona Alibolandi
Silica hybrid materials play an important role in improvement of novel progressive functional nanomaterials. Study in silica hybrid functional materials is supported by growing interest in providing intelligent materials that combine best of the inorganic silica structure along with organic or biological realms. Hybrid silica materials do not only provide fantastic opportunities for the design of novel materials for research but their represented unique properties open versatile applications specifically in nanomedicine since it was recognized by US FDA as a safe material for human trials...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Janardhan Reddy Koduru, Suresh Kumar Kailasa, Jigna R Bhamore, Ki-Hyun Kim, Tanushree Dutta, Kowsalya Vellingiri
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have recently emerged as promising materials in the biomedical sciences because of their antimicrobial activities towards a wide variety of microorganisms. Nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems with antimicrobial activity are critical as they may lead to novel treatments for cutaneous pathogens. In this review, we explore the recent progress on phytochemical-mediated synthesis of Ag NPs for antimicrobial treatment and associated infectious diseases. We discuss the biological activity of Ag NPs including mechanisms, antimicrobial activity, and antifungal/antiviral effects towards various microorganisms...
March 9, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Zeinab Haghparasti, Mahnaz Mahdavi Shahri
The use of nontoxic biological compounds in the synthesis of nanomaterials is an ecofriendly and cost-effective approach in nanotechnology. The present work was carried out to develop silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by a green method using white tea (Wt) extract as reducing agent for reduction of silver nitrate as silver precursor into the lamellar space of inorganic polymer montmorillonite (Mt) as an effective protective reagent and support as well. The bioformed Wt/Ag@Mt nanocomposite (NCs) was compared with pure biosynthesized Wt/Ag-NPs under free stabilizer condition and effect of Mt stabilizer on antioxidant, cytotoxicity and structural properties were also investigated...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Rashad Hajimammadov, Alexander Bykov, Alexey Popov, Koppany L Juhasz, Gabriela S Lorite, Melinda Mohl, Akos Kukovecz, Mika Huuhtanen, Krisztian Kordas
The rapid oxide formation on pristine unprotected copper surfaces limits the direct application of Cu nanomaterials in electronics and sensor assemblies with physical contacts. However, it is not clear whether the growing cuprous (Cu2 O) and cupric oxides (CuO) and the formation of core-shell-like Cu-Cu2 O/CuO nanowires would cause any compromise for non-contact optical measurements, where light absorption and subsequent charge oscillation and separation take place such as those in surface plasmon-assisted and photocatalytic processes, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Cátia G Alves, Rita Lima-Sousa, Duarte de Melo-Diogo, Ricardo O Louro, Ilídio J Correia
IR780, a molecule with a strong optical absorption and emission in the near infrared (NIR) region, is receiving an increasing attention from researchers working in the area of cancer treatment and imaging. Upon irradiation with NIR light, IR780 can produce reactive oxygen species as well as increase the body temperature, thus being a promising agent for application in cancer photodynamic and photothermal therapy. However, IR780's poor water solubility, fast clearance, acute toxicity and low tumor uptake may limit its use...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Majid Bagheri, Sayed Ahmad Mirbagheri
The current research was an effort to critically review all approaches used for membrane fouling control in the membrane bioreactors treating water and wastewater. The first generation of antifouling methods tried to optimize operational conditions, or used chemical agents to control membrane fouling. Despite their positive impacts on the fouling mitigation, these methods did not provide a sustainable solution for the problem. Moreover, chemical agents may affect microorganisms in bioreactors and has some environmental drawbacks...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Mohamed Bayati, Jingjing Dai, Austin Zambrana, Chloe Rees, Maria Fidalgo de Cortalezzi
Carbon dots are rapidly emerging carbon-based nanomaterials that, due to their growing applications, will inevitable find their way to natural waters; however, their environmental fate is mostly unknown. Carbon dots with different surface functionality were fabricated and characterized by TEM and FT-IR. Their surface charge, given by the zeta potential, and their hydrodynamic diameter in suspension were investigated under a variety of environmentally relevant conditions. The effect of ionic strength was studied in the presence of monovalent (NaCl) and divalent (CaCl2 ) cations, for pH levels from 3 to 11; humic acid was used as a model for dissolved natural organic matter...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Giorgio Vilardi, Thanasis Mpouras, Dimitris Dermatas, Nicola Verdone, Angeliki Polydera, Luca Di Palma
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and nano Zero-Valent Iron (nZVI) particles, as well as two nanocomposites based on these novel nanomaterials, were employed as nano-adsorbents for the removal of hexavalent chromium, selenium and cobalt, from aqueous solutions. Nanomaterials characterization included the determination of their point of zero charge and particle size distribution. CNTs were further analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and Raman spectroscopy to determine their morphology and structural properties...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Radosław Mrówczyński, Artur Jędrzak, Kosma Szutkowski, Bartosz F Grześkowiak, Emerson Coy, Roksana Markiewicz, Teofil Jesionowski, Stefan Jurga
Polydopamine (PDA)-coated magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with mono-6-thio-β-cyclodextrin (SH-βCD) were obtained and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Nuclear and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMR and MRI), and doxorubicin (DOXO)-loading experiments. The liver cancer cellular internalization of DOXO-loaded nanoparticles was investigated by confocal imaging microscopy. Synthesized nanomaterials bearing a chemotherapeutic drug and a layer of polydopamine capable of absorbing near-infrared light show high performance in the combined chemo- and photothermal therapy (CT-PTT) of liver cancer due to the synergistic effect of both modalities as demonstrated in vitro...
March 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yu Liu, Yu Zhang, Silvia Ortega, Maria Ibáñez, Khak Ho Lim, Albert Grau Carbonell, Sara Martí-Sànchez, Ka Ming Ng, Jordi Arbiol, Maksym V Kovalenko, Doris Cadavid, Andreu Cabot
Bottom-up approaches for producing bulk nanomaterials have traditionally lacked control over the crystallographic alignment of nanograins. This limitation has prevented nanocrystal-based nanomaterials from achieving optimized performances in numerous applications. Here we demonstrate the production of nanostructured BixSb2-xTe3 alloys with controlled stoichiometry and crystallographic texture through proper selection of the starting building blocks and the adjustment of the nanocrystal-to-nanomaterial consolidation process...
March 16, 2018: Nano Letters
Khairunnisa Amreen, Sivakumar Nisha, Annamalai Senthil Kumar
Direct sensing of uric acid (UA) in an undiluted whole blood sample is reported here taking human whole blood as an analyte and a self-supporting electrolyte. Among various solid electrodes (Pt, Au, GCE, and GCE/Nafion) and carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanofibers, graphene oxide, graphite nanopowder, graphitized mesoporous carbon (GMC), single-walled carbon nanotubes, and multiwalled carbon nanotubes) tested, a GMC-modified glassy carbon electrode, designated as GCE/GMC, showed a remarkable response towards direct electrochemical oxidation of blood uric acid at ∼0...
March 16, 2018: Analyst
M Waseem Akram, Muhammad Fakhar-E-Alam, M Atif, Alvina Rafique Butt, Ali Asghar, Yasir Jamil, K S Alimgeer, Zhiming M Wang
MgO is an attractive choice for carcinogenic cell destruction in photodynamic therapy, as confirmed by manifold analysis. The prime focus of the presented research is to investigate the toxicity caused by morphologically different MgO nanostructures obtained by annealing at various annealing temperatures. Smart (stimuli-responsive) MgO nanomaterials are a very promising class of nanomaterials, and their properties can be controlled by altering their size, morphology, or other relevant characteristics. The samples investigated here were grown by the co-precipitation technique...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
P A Stapleton, C R McBride, J Yi, A B Abukabda, T R Nurkiewicz
Preconceptive health encompasses male and female reproductive capability. In females, this takes into account each of the stages of the estrous cycle. Microvascular reactivity varies throughout the estrous cycle in response to hormonal changes and in preparation for pregnancy. Microvascular alterations in response to engineered nanomaterial (ENM) exposure have been described within 24-hours of inhalation; however, the impact upon the uterine vasculature at differing estrous stages and at late-stage pregnancy is unclear...
March 12, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Iwona Sembratowicz, Katarzyna Ognik
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are one of the most examined nanomaterials, but information about their immunogenic potential is still insufficient. Understanding interaction of AuNPs with immune system is essential in designing their safety and possibilities of biomedical applications. An experiment was conducted to determine immunotropic activity of gold nanocolloid (AuNPs) administered orally to chickens depending on dose and duration time. 162 birds were assigned to 9 experimental groups of 18 birds each. The control group (C) did not receive AuNPs...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"