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J Abolafia, R Peña-Santiago
A new genus and new species, Tarantobelus arachnicida, was found in the oral opening of tarantula spiders bred in captivity in Poland. The new species is characterized by having a small body (0.77-0.95 mm long in females and 0.66-0.84 mm in males), cuticle poorly annulated by transverse incisures, lateral field inconspicuous, lips separated with small cuticular flaps topping each lip, stoma panagrolaimoid with gymnostom well developed with robust and refringent rhabdia, pharynx panagrolaimoid with isthmus slightly longer than the basal bulb, intestine with cardiac (anterior) and rectal (posterior) areas with narrower walls...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
L Bina, N Mohilal
During a survey for the aphelenchid nematodes of North Eastern States of India, a new species of Aphelenchoides nematode was found from Cherrapunji, Meghalaya. The morphological and morphometric characteristics of the species were studied using light and SEM microscopy. Aphelenchoides meghalayensis sp. nov. is characterized by having 493.03-681.62 (604.0 ± 80.52) µm long body, strong stylet of 8.65-10.38 (9.8 ± 0.81) µm long with small basal swellings, six lateral lines, elongated uterine sac and tail which is slightly arcuate, gradually become cylindroids and bluntly pointed, 28...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Macotulio Soto-Hernández
Four new species of the previously monotypic genus Narberdia Burke are described. All of them are intimately associated with plants of the genus Bernardia (Euphorbiaceae). Narberdia cervantae Soto-Hernández, new species (México, Jalisco on Bernardia spongiosa McVaugh), N. sarukhani Soto-Hernández, new species (México, Veracruz and Costa Rica on B. mexicana (Hook. & Arn.) Müll. Arg. and B. nicaraguensis Standl. & L.O. Williams), N. dugesi Soto-Hernández (México, Querétaro and Michoacán on B. mexicana and B...
May 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Francesco Roma-Marzio, Basma Najar, John Alessandri, Luisa Pistelli, Lorenzo Peruzzi
Based on different essential oil composition paralleling different genotypes, Juniperus deltoides was recently segregated from Juniperus oxycedrus. Despite a clear phytochemical and molecular differentiation, J. deltoides resulted not clearly morphologically discernible from J. oxycedrus, so that it was defined as a cryptospecies. Italy represents the contact zone of their distribution, but the ranges of the two species are not sufficiently known, due to unsatisfactory morphological characterisation. To further complicate the picture, a third closely related species (ecotype), J...
September 2017: Phytochemistry
Feng Zhang, Penelope Greenslade, Mark I Stevens
The genus Lepidobrya Womersley, previously placed in Willowsiini, is re-diagnosed based on a redescription of the type species L. mawsoni (Tillyard) and its DNA barcode. Specimens possess narrow, pointed scales on the dens, two inner teeth on unguis, a truncate unguiculus with an outer tooth, a bidentate mucro with a basal spine and ordinary tergal S-chaetae 2, 2|1, 2, 2, ?, 3, so belongs to the Entomobryinae. Its systematic position and relationships to other scaled Entomobryinae genera are discussed and comments are made on the distribution of the genus as well as on ecology...
January 20, 2017: Zootaxa
Yitong Ma
The genus Willowsia Shoebotham, 1917 belongs to the family Entomobryidae. Within the family it is characterised by having 4-segmented antennae, 8+8 eyes, spines and scales absent from dens, claw with unpaired inner teeth, bidentate mucro and scales on body. Twenty-six species have been described in the genus worldwide including eight species from China. Two new species, Willowsia pseudoshi sp. nov. and W. variabilis sp. nov., from China are described here. The former species has pale yellow antennae except for distal part of Antenna IV which has some blue pigment and 4 macrochaetae are present on Abdomen I...
August 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Zahra Majd Taheri, Yiwu Fang, Hongmei Li
Cryptaphelenchus iranicus n. sp., recovered from bark and wood samples of a weakened Pinus nigra in Kermanshah Province, western Iran, is described. The new species has females with body length of 250-330 µm and males 230-275 µm long, lip region set-off from body contour, 7-8 μm long stylet with small basal swellings, excretory pore located at 1.5-2.0 body diam. posterior to median bulb, post-vulval uterine sac short, 7-10 µm long and conical female posterior body end (tail) ending to a pointed tip. Males of the new species have seven (1+2+2+2) caudal papillae and a short mucro at tail tip...
July 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Shalva Barjadze, Enrique Baquero, Felipe N Soto-Adames, Rosanna Giordano, Rafael Jordana
Two new species of the genus Plutomurus, P. revazi sp. nov. from Prometheus and Satsurblia caves and P. eristoi sp. nov. from Satevzia Cave are described, illustrated and differentiated from other morphologically closely related species. A high variability in the number of teeth in the claw, unguiculus and mucro of P. revazi sp. nov. demonstrate that these characters are not useful for species diagnosis. However, dorsal chaetotaxy was shown to be stable character for this purpose. Analysis of DNA sequences for the COI and 28S genes is congruent with species-level groups delimited by chaetotaxy, and provide additional support for chaetotaxy as the most reliable morphological character system to distinguish species in Plutomurus...
June 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Alex Gumovsky
The genera and described Afrotropical species of Tetracampinae Förster (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea, Tetracampidae) are reviewed. Despite the vague nature of some generic concepts, eight genera are recognized for the subfamily, i.e. Cassidocida Crawford, Diplesiostigma Girault, Dipriocampe Bouček, Epiclerus Haliday, Foersterella Dalla Torre, Niticampe Bouček, Tetracampe Förster, and the newly described Kilomotoia Gumovsky gen. n. The latter genus is established for Kilomotoia kitoko Gumovsky sp. n., collected from abandoned cultivated areas in the humid forest zone of North East Democratic Republic of Congo (Ituri forest, Ituri Province, environs of Mongbwalu village) and Central Uganda (Mabira forest, environs of Najembe village)...
May 17, 2016: Zootaxa
Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski, Reyes Peña-Santiago, Joaquín Abolafia
Recently, specimens of Cephalobus topali, collected from an agricultural area from northern Vietnam, are described, including SEM study. They are characterized by their its 306-347 µm long body in females, lateral field with two alae or 3-4 longitudinal incisures, lip region with three pairs of asymmetrical conoid lips, three low and rounded labial probolae separate from the corresponding pair of lips by an incisure, U-shaped primary axils without guard processes, V-shaped secondary axils without guard processes, pharyngeal corpus slightly fusiform and 2...
March 17, 2016: Zootaxa
Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Mozhgan Ziaie, Jianfeng Gu
Aphelenchoides fuchsi sp. n. is described and illustrated from bark and wood samples of a weakened Mondell pine in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The new species has body length of 332 to 400 µm (females) and 365 to 395 µm (males). Lip region set off from body contour. The cuticle is weakly annulated, and there are four lines in the lateral field. The stylet is 8 to 10 μm long and has small basal swellings. The excretory pore is located ca one body diam. posterior to metacorpus valve or 51 to 62 μm from the head...
March 2016: Journal of Nematology
Clément Schneider, David Porco, Louis Deharveng
Two new Megalothorax species, Megalothorax potapovi sp. n. from the Russian Far East and Megalothorax sanguineus sp. n. from the French Pyrénées are described. The two new species have a set of morphological characters (including a smooth mucro) that places them among the minimus group sensu Schneider and D'Haese (2013). Megalothorax potapovi characteristics include dorsal protuberance on forehead, peculiar chaetotaxy of antenna III and strong lanceolate chaetae on body. Megalothorax sanguineus characteristics include strong red pigmentation, large network of integumentary channels on head and elongated apex of the two postero-distal spines of dens...
2016: ZooKeys
Penelope Greenslade, Arne Fjellberg
A new species and genus, Skadisotoma inpericulosa, is described from south-eastern Australia. It possesses some characters that are found in Tomoceridae, such as a long cylindrical dens that is medially bent and a mucro with at least six teeth of different sizes and three setae but in other characters it resembles an isotomid. In this it shows similarities to the Boreal genus Mucronia Fjellberg, but differs from it in the possession of spines on the dens and in some chaetotaxic characters.
June 13, 2015: Zootaxa
L Bina Chanu, N Mohilal, L Victoria, M Manjur Shah
Study of Aphelenchoides nematodes from different localities of Manipur were conducted for their documentation. During the study eight known and a new species were identified. Aphelenchoides aerialis sp. nov. differed from all other species of Aphelenchoides in having a tail without bifurcation and strong ventral mucro with single ventrosublateral caudal papillae in male. The known species along with the new species are described in the present study.
June 2015: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Daoyuan Yu, Louis Deharveng
A new cave tomocerid from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, South China is described. Tomocerus caecus sp. nov. is characterized by the absence of ocelli, the absence of posterior macrochaetae on head and the reduced number of teeth on unguis and mucro. The generic position of the new species is discussed. Tomocerus caecus sp. nov. is similar to the East Asian species Tomocerus kinoshitai Yosii, 1954 and Tomocerus similis Chen & Ma, 1997 mainly in the shape of dental spines and the small number of teeth on unguis and mucro, but different from the latters in the absence of ocelli and pigment...
January 27, 2015: Zootaxa
Serge Demeango Zon, Yao Tano, Louis Deharveng
A new species of Pseudachorutinae, Furculanurida emucronata sp. nov., is described from Lamto in the Ivory Coast. It differs from all known Pseudachorutinae species by the presence of a strong lateral tooth on the claw of leg I, and from other species of the genus Furculanurida by the absence of a mucro. It is provisionally assigned to the genus Furculanurida which is redefined accordingly. The heterogeneity of the genus is stressed, and its relationships with Arlesiella, Kenyura, Pseudachorutes and Stachorutes are discussed...
October 29, 2014: Zootaxa
Felipe N Soto-Adames, Rafael Jordana, Enrique Baquero
Genera in subfamily Paronellinae have been grouped into five tribes, in part based on chaetotaxy. Tribes Bromacanthini, Paronellini, and Troglopedetini are characterized by having rounded scales and reduced or no macrochaetae, and although Bromacanthini harbors two well-differentiated genera, the core genera in tribes Paronellini and Troglopedetini form a homogeneous group where even generic diagnoses were, until recently, unclear. The genera assigned to Troglopedetini (Troglopedetes Absolon, Trogolaphysa Mills, and Cyphoderopsis Carpenter) harbor many species with reduced eyes number, whereas the tribe Paronellini (genera Paronella Schött, Dicranocentruga Wray and Campylothorax Schött) includes species with 6-8 eyes...
2014: Journal of Insect Science
Vladimír Papáč, Lubomír Kováč
Four new species of Megalothorax Willem, 1900 are described and illustrated: M. tatrensis sp. nov., M. carpaticus sp. nov., M. hipmani sp. nov. from caves in Slovakia and M. draco sp. nov. from the Drǎcoaia Cave in western Romania. The species represent troglobiotic forms exhibiting different level of troglomorphy involving such features as larger body, elongated foot complex, antennae, mucro and body chaetae. The most pronounced troglomorphy is observed in M. hipmani sp. nov. and M. draco sp. nov. Species descriptions are completed with comparative tables of chaetotaxy of antennae and legs...
November 22, 2013: Zootaxa
Miguel A Alonso-Zarazaga
A new genus Moreiba is described for Strophosoma canariense Franz, 1995 (type species) and placed in Laparocerini. It differs from Laparocerus Schoenherr, 1834 by the small size, the strongly transverse rostrum, the dense longitudinal strigosity on head and rostrum, the body covered by dense, adpressed scales and short, semierect subspatulate to parallel setae, the slender antennae with bisinuate scape and short oval club, the granulate pronotum and all tibiae lacking a mucro in both sexes. Moreiba canariensis (Franz, 1995), comb...
2013: ZooKeys
Silvio F B Lima, Franklin N Santos, Ricardo S Absalão
Two new species of Caecinae are described from the Brazilian coast. Specimens of Caecum metamorphosicum sp. nov. were collected from northern to southeastern Brazil. The teleoconch V of this species is characterized by strong, raised, quadrangular, rather closely arranged axial ribs, except the last two to three preceding the aperture, which are slightly larger and more widely separated, and a finger-shaped mucro. Specimens of Caecum trindadense sp. nov. were only collected from southeastern Brazil. The teleoconch VI of this species is characterized by conspicuous, sinuous longitudinal striae, finger-shaped mucro, and rather smooth varix...
September 2013: Zoological Science
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