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geriatric oncology

Martine Extermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Daniel W Yokom, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Schroder Sattar, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Martine T E Puts
INTRODUCTION: Screening tools in geriatric oncology have traditionally been studied for their ability to identify patients who have abnormal domains on a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). However, an alternative outcome of identifying patients who would receive CGA-based interventions could improve selection of patients whose management will be altered by a CGA. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of three geriatric oncology screening tools for their ability to predict for CGA-based interventions...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Tyler Sheetz, Cheryl T Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the population ages, urologic oncologists are caring for older and more vulnerable patients that must withstand complex surgical treatments. Our healthcare environment emphasizes surgical quality, reductions in length of hospital stay, reduced readmission rates, and high patient satisfaction. So those who manage urologic malignancies must be able to optimize their patients. Understanding the concept of frailty, how to diagnose it in a timely and reliable manner, appreciate its perioperative impact, and consider interventions to reduce its effects may improve surgical outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Erika Ramsdale, Tatyana Lemelman, Kah Poh Loh, Marie Flannery, Lee Kehoe, Teraisa Mullaney, Megan Wells, Nikesha Gilmore, Sandy Plumb, Supriya Mohile
OBJECTIVES: Polypharmacy (PP) and potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) are common in older adults with cancer, increasing the risk of adverse outcomes. Approaches to identifying and addressing PP/PIM are needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ≥70 years with advanced cancer were enrolled in this cluster-randomized study. All underwent geriatric assessment (GA), and oncologists randomized to the intervention arm received GA-driven recommendations; no information was provided to oncologists at usual care sites...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Beatriz Korc-Grodzicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Supriya G Mohile, Allison Magnuson, Chintan Pandya, Carla Velarde, Paul Duberstein, Arti Hurria, Kah Poh Loh, Megan Wells, Sandy Plumb, Nikesha Gilmore, Marie Flannery, Marsha Wittink, Ronald Epstein, Charles E Heckler, Michelle Janelsins, Karen Mustian, Judith O Hopkins, Jane Liu, Srihari Peri, William Dale
Background: This study's objectives were to describe community oncologists' beliefs about and confidence with geriatric care and to determine whether geriatric-relevant information influences cancer treatment decisions. Methods: Community oncologists were recruited to participate in 2 multisite geriatric oncology trials. Participants shared their beliefs about and confidence in caring for older adults. They were also asked to make a first-line chemotherapy recommendation (combination vs single-agent vs no chemotherapy) for a hypothetical vignette of an older patient with advanced pancreatic cancer...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Junjie Wang, Shude Chai, Guangjun Zheng, Yuliang Jiang, Zhe Ji, Fuxin Guo, Hongqing Zhuang, Kaixian Zhang
The aim of this study is to develop expert consensus statement for recommendations of patient selection criteria, prescription dose, and procedure of computed tomography (CT)-guided125 I radioactive seeds permanent interstitial brachytherapy. Members of Chinese medical association radiation oncology branch, Chinese medical association radiation therapy professional committee, Chinese cancer society minimally invasive surgery branch seed therapy group, Chinese geriatric cancer society minimally invasive surgery branch, Beijing medical association radiation oncology professional committee, China northern radioactive seeds brachytherapy group formed a committee, which consists of physician members who come from the department of radiation oncology, surgery, intervention, internal medicine, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Kah Poh Loh, Colin McHugh, Supriya G Mohile, Karen Mustian, Marie Flannery, Heidi Klepin, Rebecca Schnall, Eva Culakova, Erika Ramsdale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Older adults with cancer have complex medical needs and often experience higher rates of treatment-related toxicities compared to their younger counterparts. The advent of health information technologies can address multiple gaps in the care of this population. We review the role of existing and emerging technologies in facilitating the use of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in routine clinics, promoting symptom reporting, and monitoring medication adherence...
March 6, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
Kah Poh Loh, Jason Zittel, Sindhuja Kadambi, Chintan Pandya, Huiwen Xu, Marie Flannery, Allison Magnuson, Javier Bautista, Colin McHugh, Karen Mustian, William Dale, Paul Duberstein, Supriya G Mohile
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbance is prevalent and often coexists with depression, fatigue, and pain in the cancer population. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sleep disturbance with co-existing depression, fatigue, and pain in older patients with cancer. We also examined the associations of several socio-demographic and clinical variables with sleep disturbance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 389 older patients with solid and hematologic malignancies who were referred to the Specialized Oncology Care & Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinics at the Universities of Rochester and Chicago between May 2011 and October 2015 and completed a sleep and geriatric assessment (that inquires about fatigue, pain, and depression)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
A Suhool, D Moszkowicz, T Cudennec, K Vychnevskaia, R Malafosse, A Beauchet, C Julié, F Peschaud
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the management of elderly rectal cancer patients, and especially on the ability to provide optimal oncological treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and results of multimodality treatment for rectal cancer in patients 75years and older after simplified comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) according to Balducci score. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of elderly patients who underwent surgery for localized middle or low rectal cancer...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Christie Hancock, Phillip Knouse, Imad Almanaseer, Jacob Bitran
BACKGROUND: Double-hit lymphomas (DHLs) are high-grade diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with concurrent translocations involving myc and bcl-2 and/or bcl-6. A patient with DHL often has advanced disease at presentation and typically responds poorly to standard therapy with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone). More intensive treatment regimens have been studied; however, few data are available on the outcomes in elderly patients (aged > 70 years) treated with these therapies...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Carsten Nieder, Rosalba Yobuta, Bård Mannsåker, Astrid Dalhaug
BACKGROUND/AIM: Geriatric oncology practice should be based on dedicated studies and real-world experience. Therefore, we evaluated survival outcomes after palliative thoracic radiotherapy in octogenarian patients with lung cancer and analyzed prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of 51 patients with a median age of 83 years. Three different fractionation regimens were compared: two fractions of 8.5 Gy, 10 fractions of 3 Gy, and higher doses than 30 Gy (maximum biologically equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions (EQD2) was always lower than 50 Gy)...
March 2018: In Vivo
Lynda R Corrigan, Dara M Bracken-Clarke, Anne M Horgan
Pancreatic and biliary tract cancers are aggressive malignancies. They commonly present with metastatic or unresectable disease. Those that do present with resectable cancer have high rates of recurrence. Despite recent advances in surgical technique, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy regimens, they are associated with poor survival outcomes. These cancers represent an exception to the trend of improved overall survival evident in most malignancies in recent decades. Depending on the goal of treatment, active management of pancreatic and biliary cancers involves surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, either alone or in combination...
January 31, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
Kah Poh Loh, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Tina Hsu, Nienke A de Glas, Nicolò Matteo Luca Battisti, Capucine Baldini, Manuel Rodrigues, Stuart M Lichtman, Hans Wildiers
Aging is a heterogeneous process. Most newly diagnosed cancers occur in older adults, and it is important to understand a patient's underlying health status when making treatment decisions. A geriatric assessment provides a detailed evaluation of medical, psychosocial, and functional problems in older patients with cancer. Specifically, it can identify areas of vulnerability, predict survival and toxicity, assist in clinical treatment decisions, and guide interventions in routine oncology practice; however, the uptake is hampered by limitations in both time and resources, as well as by a lack of expert interpretation...
February 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Harvey Jay Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
E Soto-Perez-de-Celis, R Cordoba, R Gironés, T Karnakis, I Paredero, Y Chavarri-Guerra, A P Navarrete-Reyes, J A Avila-Funes
Population aging represents a worldwide challenge. In Ibero-America (Spain, Portugal, and the American countries in which the Spanish or Portuguese language are spoken), the number of older adults is growing, leading to an increase in aging-related diseases such as cancer. Older adults already account for half of all cancer cases in Ibero-America, and this proportion will continue to increase. Furthermore, Ibero-American healthcare systems are not adequately prepared to provide care for older adults with cancer, mainly due to a lack of resources and generalized paucity of geriatric training for healthcare providers...
February 12, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Kyung Suk Choi, Young Mi Jeong, Eunsook Lee, Kwang Ill Kim, Jeong Yee, Byung Koo Lee, Jee Eun Chung, Sandy Jeong Rhie, Hye Sun Gwak
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has become a predictor for elderly cancer patients in post-surgical complications, including post-discharge institutionalization and mortality. AIMS: To determine whether pre-operative medication use is associated with post-operative morbidity and mortality in oncology patients receiving CGA. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years or older who were scheduled for cancer surgery and presented for CGA were included in the present study...
February 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Marije E Hamaker, Meike Prins, Lieke H van Huis
Life expectancy has been steadily increasing for decades and this trend is likely to continue in coming years. In fact, there is more than a 50% probability that by 2030 female life expectancy could break the 90 year barrier, with more than half of the expected gains due to enhanced longevity above the age of 65 years. The resultant aging of societies means that health care will be faced with a rising number of increasingly older patients, who are also likely to have higher levels of multimorbidity. Most issues regarding assessment, prognostication and, management of older patients are not unique to geriatric oncology and thus there is opportunity to learn from progress in other fields...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Anna Rachelle Mislang, Samantha Di Donato, Joleen Hubbard, Lalit Krishna, Giuseppe Mottino, Federico Bozzetti, Laura Biganzoli
Malnutrition is one of the most common physical manifestations of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers and is often under-diagnosed and under-treated. Like cancers, malnutrition occurs more commonly in older adults, with potential negative consequences to quality of life, functional status, tolerance to treatment, and prognosis. Nutritional assessment and management require a proactive and systematic, multi-disciplinary approach. Early assessment, detection, and prompt intervention of cancer-associated malnutrition and cachexia are equally essential to achieve better quality nutritional care for older oncology patients...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Gilgamesh Eamer, Amir Taheri, Sidian S Chen, Quinn Daviduck, Thane Chambers, Xinzhe Shi, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Aging populations are at increased risk of postoperative complications. New methods to provide care for older people recovering from surgery may reduce surgery-related complications. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has been shown to improve some outcomes for medical patients, such as enabling them to continue living at home, and has been proposed to have positive impacts for surgical patients. CGA is a coordinated, multidisciplinary collaboration that assesses the medical, psychosocial and functional capabilities and limitations of an older person, with the goal of establishing a treatment plan and long-term follow-up...
January 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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