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"Body composition" and "evaluation" and "prediction"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878051/olfaction-and-incident-parkinson-disease-in-us-white-and-black-older-adults
#1
Honglei Chen, Srishti Shrestha, Xuemei Huang, Samay Jain, Xuguang Guo, Gregory J Tranah, Melissa E Garcia, Suzanne Satterfield, Caroline Phillips, Tamara B Harris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate olfaction in relation to incident Parkinson disease (PD) in US white and black older adults. METHODS: The study included 1,510 white (mean age 75.6 years) and 952 black (75.4 years) participants of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study. We evaluated the olfaction of study participants with the Brief Smell Identification Test (BSIT) in 1999-2000. We retrospectively adjudicated PD cases identified through August 31, 2012, using multiple data sources...
September 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869151/energy-expenditure-body-composition-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-disorders-in-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#2
Carola Saure, Carolina Caminiti, Julieta Weglinski, Fernanda de Castro Perez, Soledad Monges
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscular disease characterized by progressive loss of functional muscle mass followed by changes in body composition. AIM: To describe body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), and metabolic disorders in DMD patients followed-up at a tertiary care center. To analyze the association with type of steroid and ambulatory status, and to compare obese DMD patients with patients with multifactorial obesity...
August 26, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851552/adductor-pollicis-muscle-thickness-has-a-low-association-with-lean-mass-in-women
#3
Sara M Barreiro, Heitor O Santos, Raíla P F Cruz, Paula C Nahas, Luana T Rossato, Fábio L Orsatti, Erick P de Oliveira
BACKGROUND & AIM: Lean mass (LM) is a functional component of body composition and is an important parameter of nutritional status assessment. The adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) has been used as a predictor of LM, but it is not well known if this method presents a higher prediction of LM than simple anthropometric measurements, such as weight. Thus, we aimed to associate APMT (alone and plus weight) with LM in women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 82 young and postmenopausal women...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833716/genomic-estimation-of-additive-and-dominance-effects-and-impact-of-accounting-for-dominance-on-accuracy-of-genomic-evaluation-in-sheep-populations
#4
N Moghaddar, J H J van der Werf
The objectives of this study were to estimate the additive and dominance variance component of several weight and ultrasound scanned body composition traits in purebred and combined cross-bred sheep populations based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker genotypes and then to investigate the effect of fitting additive and dominance effects on accuracy of genomic evaluation. Additive and dominance variance components were estimated in a mixed model equation based on "average information restricted maximum likelihood" using additive and dominance (co)variances between animals calculated from 48,599 SNP marker genotypes...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832428/functional-capacity-depends-on-lower-limb-muscle-strength-rather-than-on-abdominal-obesity-in-active-postmenopausal-women
#5
Maude C Dulac, Livia Pinheiro Carvalho, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
OBJECTIVE: An association has been found between abdominal obesity and functional capacity (FC) in the literature where waist circumference has been used to infer abdominal obesity. However, most studies focused on evaluating predictors of FC and functional disabilities only in sedentary people. This study aimed to examine whether abdominal obesity is associated with FC in physically active postmenopausal women. METHODS: Forty-four active (>7,500 steps/d) postmenopausal women were recruited...
August 21, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821868/dysmobility-syndrome-and-risk-of-mortality-for-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-adults-the-nexus-of-aging-and-body-composition
#6
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Kuo Liu, An-Chun Hwang, Li-Ning Peng, Ming-Hsien Lin, Liang-Kung Chen
Dysmobility syndrome is a newly proposed concept to comprehensively consider bone-muscle-adiposity as a whole to associate with mortality and other adverse outcomes in the older adults. Little was known in Asian populations since the body composition was highly related to ethnicity. The study aimed to evaluate the association between dysmobility syndrome and mortality and to explore the most optimal operational definition for dysmobility syndrome. The prevalence of dysmobility syndrome was 3.9-10.1% based on different operational definitions of adiposity and skeletal muscle index...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770669/case-study-unfavorable-but-transient-physiological-changes-during-contest-preparation-in-a-drug-free-male-bodybuilder
#7
Andrew Pardue, Eric T Trexler, Lisa K Sprod
Extreme body composition demands of competitive bodybuilding have been associated with unfavorable physiological changes, including alterations in metabolic rate and endocrine profile. The current case study evaluated the effects of contest preparation (8 months), followed by recovery (5 months), on a competitive drug-free male bodybuilder over 13 months (M1-M13). Serum testosterone, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), cortisol, leptin, and ghrelin were measured throughout the study. Body composition (BodPod, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry [DXA]), anaerobic power (Wingate test), and resting metabolic rate (RMR) were assessed monthly...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745334/evaluation-of-the-wrist-worn-actigraph-wgt3x-bt-for-estimating-activity-energy-expenditure-in-preschool-children
#8
C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, P Henriksson, E Forsum, F B Ortega, R Maddison, J H Migueles, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in preschool children are required. The aims of this study in healthy preschool children were to (a) evaluate the ability of the wrist-worn ActiGraph wGT3x-BT to predict free-living AEE and (b) assess wear compliance using a 7-day, 24-h protocol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 40 Swedish children (5.5±0.2 years) in the Mobile-based intervention intended to stop obesity in preschoolers (MINISTOP) obesity prevention trial...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742229/association-between-obesity-with-low-muscle-mass-and-dialysis-mortality
#9
Hung-Chieh Wu, Shih-Fen Tseng, Wei-Jie Wang, Hsin-Jen Chen, Lin-Chien Lee
AIMS: This study examines the association between body composition and dialysis mortality. METHODS: Adult patients who initiated hemodialysis in Taoyuan General Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were enrolled. We reviewed baseline characteristics and followed over 5 years after dialysis. Patients with body mass index > 25 Kg/m(2) were defined as obesity. High or low muscle mass were classified by skeletal muscle mass index (SMMI) based on consensus from Chinese population...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#10
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women body mass index (BMI >27 kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n = 19), exercise (E, n = 19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n = 19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727018/evaluation-of-electrical-broad-bandwidth-impedance-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-for-body-composition-measurement-in-cows-in-comparison-with-body-measurements-and-the-deuterium-oxide-dilution-method
#11
C T Schäff, U Pliquett, A Tuchscherer, R Pfuhl, S Görs, C C Metges, H M Hammon, C Kröger-Koch
Body fatness and degree of body fat mobilization in cows vary enormously during their reproduction cycle and influence energy partitioning and metabolic adaptation. The objective of the study was to test bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) as a method for predicting fat depot mass (FDM), in living cows. The FDM is defined as the sum of subcutaneous, omental, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, and carcass fat mass. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy is compared with the prediction of FDM from the deuterium oxide (DO) dilution method and from body conformation measurements...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723816/importance-of-physical-qualities-for-speed-and-change-of-direction-ability-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#12
Stacey Emmonds, G Nicholson, C Beggs, B Jones, A Bissas
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of physical qualities for speed and change of direction (CoD) ability in female soccer players. Data were collected on 10 female soccer players who were part of a professional English Women's Super League team. Player assessments included anthropometric (stature and body mass), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), speed (10m, 30m sprint), CoD ability (505 agility), aerobic (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test), lower-body strength (bilateral knee extensions) and power (countermovement jump [CMJ], squat jump [SJ], 30cm drop jump [DJ]) measures...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720344/apoe-genotype-associates-with-food-consumption-and-body-composition-to-predict-dyslipidaemia-in-brazilian-adults-with-normal-weight-obesity-syndrome
#13
Lana Pacheco Franco, Amanda Gonçalves Zardini Silveira, Rochelle Sobral de Assis Vasconcelos Lima, Maria Aderuza Horst, Cristiane Cominetti
BACKGROUND & AIM: Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome has been characterized by a normal body mass index and high percentage of body fat. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. This study aimed to evaluate whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and food consumption are related to the lipid profiles of adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, including adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704699/comparison-of-the-ability-to-identify-arterial-stiffness-between-two-new-anthropometric-indices-and-classical-obesity-indices-in-chinese-adults
#14
Jia Zhang, Lizheng Fang, Lifeng Qiu, Lijuan Huang, Wenhua Zhu, Yunsong Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between anthropometric indices of body composition and arterial stiffness is inconclusive. The objective of this study was to examine the predictive ability of two new obesity indices: a body shape index (ABSI), and a body roundness index (BRI), for the identification of arterial stiffness among Chinese adults, as well as to compare the relative strength of association between the anthropometric indices and arterial stiffness. METHODS: A total of 10,197 subjects were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
June 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696825/androgen-status-in-non-diabetic-elderly-men-with-heart-failure
#15
Goran Loncar, Biljana Bozic, Aleksandar N Neskovic, Natasa Cvetinovic, Mitja Lainscak, Nenad Prodanovic, Hans-Dirk Dungen, Stephan von Haehling, Zoran Radojicic, Tobias Trippel, Biljana Putnikovic, Natasa Markovic-Nikolic, Vera Popovic
PURPOSE: We aimed at evaluating androgen status (serum testosterone [TT] and estimated free testosterone [eFT]) and its determinants in non-diabetic elderly men with heart failure (HF). Additionally, we investigated its associations with body composition and long-term survival. METHODS: Seventy three non-diabetic men with HF and 20 healthy men aged over 55 years were studied. Echocardiography, 6-min walk test, grip strength, body composition measurement by DEXA method were performed...
July 11, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606568/energy-expenditure-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period-indirect-calorimetry-versus-predictive-equations
#16
Taciana Maia de Sousa, Tatiani Uceli Maioli, Ana Luiza Soares Dos Santos, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the resting energy expenditure (REE) of postpartum women by indirect calorimetry and to provide the most appropriate predictive equations to estimate it. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 79 women in the maternity unit of a Brazilian city hospital. Information regarding age, income, gestational age, and breastfeeding was collected. Height, weight, and body composition were measured. We measured REE by indirect calorimetry and predicted REE using eight equations...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577356/bmi-is-a-poor-predictor-of-adiposity-in-young-overweight-and-obese-children
#17
Cassandra Vanderwall, R Randall Clark, Jens Eickhoff, Aaron L Carrel
BACKGROUND: The body mass index (BMI) is a simple and widely utilized screening tool for obesity in children and adults. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if BMI could predict total fat mass (TFM) and percent body fat (%FAT) in a sample of overweight and obese children. METHODS: In this observational study, body composition was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 663 male and female overweight and obese children at baseline within a multidisciplinary, pediatric fitness clinic at an academic medical center...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558319/spotting-l3-slice-in-ct-scans-using-deep-convolutional-network-and-transfer-learning
#18
Soufiane Belharbi, Clément Chatelain, Romain Hérault, Sébastien Adam, Sébastien Thureau, Mathieu Chastan, Romain Modzelewski
In this article, we present a complete automated system for spotting a particular slice in a complete 3D Computed Tomography exam (CT scan). Our approach does not require any assumptions on which part of the patient's body is covered by the scan. It relies on an original machine learning regression approach. Our models are learned using the transfer learning trick by exploiting deep architectures that have been pre-trained on imageNet database, and therefore it requires very little annotation for its training...
August 1, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550439/baseline-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-correlate-with-weight-loss-in-women-1-year-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#19
Arnaud Sans, Laurent Bailly, Rodolphe Anty, Igor Sielezenef, Jean Gugenheim, Albert Tran, Philippe Gual, Antonio Iannelli
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL. METHODS: One hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539412/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-newborn-body-composition
#20
Anne P Starling, Katherine A Sauder, Jill L Kaar, Allison Lb Shapiro, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Dana Dabelea
Background: Maternal dietary intake during pregnancy may influence offspring growth and adiposity. Specific dietary patterns associated with newborn adiposity have not been identified.Objective: We aimed to identify patterns of maternal dietary intake associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and fasting glucose during pregnancy and to evaluate whether adherence to these patterns is associated with newborn adiposity.Methods: In the Healthy Start prospective cohort, dietary intake during pregnancy was assessed via 24-h recalls...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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