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"Body composition" and "evaluation" and "prediction"

Yair Lahav, Yoram Epstein, Ron Kedem, Haggai Schermann
Anthropometric measures of body composition are often used for rapid and cost-effective estimation of percentage body fat (%BF) in field research, serial measurements and screening. Our aim was to develop a validated estimate of %BF for the general population, based on simple body circumferences measures. The study cohort consisted of two consecutive samples of health club members, designated as 'development' (n 476, 61 % men, 39 % women) and 'validation' (n 224, 50 % men, 50 % women) groups. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements as part of their registration to a health club...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Silvia Bettini, Emanuel Bordigato, Roberto Fabris, Roberto Serra, Chiara Dal Pra', Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Chiara Compagnin, Mirto Foletto, Luca Prevedello, Paola Fioretto, Roberto Vettor, Luca Busetto
OBJECTIVES: Resting energy expenditure (REE) declines more than what is expected according to body composition changes after caloric restriction. This metabolic adaptation is considered one of the factors favoring weight regain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes of REE and calculate the degree of metabolic adaptation occurring after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: REE (by indirect calorimetry) and body composition (fat-free mass or FFM, fat mass or FM by bioelectrical impedance analysis) were determined before and after 12 months in 154 patients with obesity treated with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Lin Zhang, Ran Chen, Rong Li, Meng-Ying Chen, Rong Huang, Xiao-Nan Li
BACKGROUND: To study the predictive factors of resting energy expenditure (REE) and evaluate the accuracy of predicted equations with indirect calorimeter (IC) in Chinese school-age children, particularly for the obese population. METHODS: Recruited children were from the department of child healthcare in Nanjing children's hospital during July 2014-September 2015. Anthropometric parameters and body composition were measured by bioelectrical impedance. Measured REE was assessed by IC...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Carla Van Aller, Jose Lara, Blossom C M Stephan, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Steven Heymsfield, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Jonathan C K Wells, Carla M Prado, Mario Siervo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus on the definition of sarcopenic obesity (SO), resulting in inconsistent associations of SO with mortality risk. We aim to evaluate association of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) SO models with mortality risk in a US adult population (≥50 years). SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study population consisted of 3577 participants aged 50 years and older from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition and Examination Survey with mortality follow-up data through December 31, 2011...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Oddgeir Friborg, Gunn Pettersen, Trine Stensrud, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Karoline E Underhaug, Elisabeth Teinung, KariAnne Vrabel, Mette Svendsen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about physical fitness in women with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge-eating disorder (BED) is sparse. Previous studies have measured physical activity largely through self-report, and physical fitness variables are mainly restricted to body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density. We expanded the current knowledge in these groups by including a wider range of physical fitness indicators and objective measures of physical activity, assessed the influence of a history of anorexia nervosa (AN), and evaluated predictive variables for physical fitness...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rong Zhang, Sheng-Yong Dong, Fei Wang, Cong Ma, Xiao-Lan Zhao, Qiang Zeng, Ao Fei
Background: Obesity induces dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and inflammatory state, which results in atherogenic processes, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. We usually use body composition indices, such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), waist circumference-height ratio (WHtR), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) to reflect the obesity. The aim of this large population-based cross-sectional study was to investigate the associations between body composition indices and metabolic parameters in Chinese adults...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Majid Meshkini, Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri, Cyril Mamotte, Jaya Dantas
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah Staal, Anders Sjödin, Ida Fahrenholtz, Karen Bonnesen, Anna Melin
Ballet dancers are reported to have an increased risk for energy deficiency with or without disordered eating (DE) behavior. A low ratio between measured (m) and predicted (p) resting metabolic rate (RMRratio<0.90) is a recognized surrogate marker for energy deficiency. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of suppressed RMR using different methods to calculate pRMR and to explore associations with additional markers of energy deficiency. Female (n=20) and male (n=20) professional ballet dancers, 19-35 years of age were enrolled...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Qiang Li, Xueni Li, Yuxin Leng, Xi Zhu, Gaiqi Yao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of severe malnutrition patients with anorexia nervosa by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance technique, and to provide the basis for nutritional support therapy. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Twenty-six severe malnutrition patients with anorexia nervosa, body mass index (BMI) ≤ 16 kg/m2 admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Peking University Third Hospital and general three ward of Peking University Sixth Hospital from June 1st to September 30th, 2017 were enrolled...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Motokazu Sugimoto, Michael B Farnell, David M Nagorney, Michael L Kendrick, Mark J Truty, Rory L Smoot, Suresh T Chari, Michael R Moynagh, Gloria M Petersen, Rickey E Carter, Naoki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of decreased skeletal muscle (SM) volume on survival outcomes in patients undergoing surgical resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: Between March 2000 and February 2015, 323 patients who underwent upfront surgical resection for PDAC were identified from the Mayo Clinic SPORE in Pancreatic Cancer. Body composition data, including SM area, subcutaneous adipose tissue area, and visceral adipose tissue area were calculated using an abdominal computed tomography (CT) image at the third lumbar spinal level...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hung-Chieh Wu, Lin-Chien Lee, Wei-Jie Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the associations between total testosterone levels and dialysis mortality. METHODS: Elderly men who initiate hemodialysis in Taoyuan General Hospital from January 2012 to June 2017 were enrolled. We reviewed clinical characteristics and biochemical data from start of dialysis and followed over a 5-year period after dialysis. Body composition parameters were assessed 3-6 months after dialysis. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMMI) was defined by skeletal muscle mass divided by squared height...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Jong Soo Lee, Hye Sun Lee, Jee Soo Ha, Kyung Suk Han, Koon Ho Rha, Sung Joon Hong, Byung Ha Chung, Kyo Chul Koo
PURPOSE: The relationship between body fat distribution and survival remains unclear among patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated using docetaxel and androgen receptor-axis targeted agents. We investigated whether body composition parameters could predict radiographic progression-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) among patients with CRPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multi-center retrospective study evaluated data from 282 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with CRPC between September 2009 and March 2017...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Urology
J R Griffith, Edward D White, R David Fass, Brandon M Lucas
Background: The United States Air Force currently uses AFI 36-2905 for cardiovascular fitness standards and evaluation. Regarding its fitness test, the Air Force considers waist circumference (WC) twice as important as push-ups or sit-ups. Because of this weighting, one assumes that the Air Force considers WC relatively correlated with overall fitness or at least cardiovascular fitness. To our knowledge, the Air Force has not considered on a large scale how body mass index (BMI), height-to-weight ratio (H-W), or waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) compares with WC with respect to its fitness test...
January 22, 2018: Military Medicine
Nazanin Noori, Ron Wald, Arti Sharma Parpia, Marc B Goldstein
Background: Accurate assessment of total body water (TBW) is essential for the evaluation of dialysis adequacy (Kt/V urea ). The Watson formula, which is recommended for the calculation of TBW, was derived in healthy volunteers thereby leading to potentially inaccurate TBW estimates in maintenance hemodialysis recipients. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) may be a robust alternative for the measurement of TBW in hemodialysis recipients. Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Watson formula-derived TBW estimates as compared with TBW measured with BIS...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Hossein Hatami, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Nazanin Hashemi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is a major cardiometabolic risk factor in females with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The euglycemic clamp is the gold standard method to measure IR. However, considering the time and cost that it takes, surrogate markers of IR are now widely used. The current study aimed at evaluating the cutoff points of even less invasive anthropometric and body composition variables to predict IR in females with PCOS. Methods: The current cross sectional study selected 224 females with PCOS, using Rotterdam criteria, referred to reproductive endocrinology research center; 88 of which were diagnosed with insulin resistance...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
S C Bilha, D Branisteanu, C Buzduga, D Constantinescu, P Cianga, E Anisie, A Covic, M C Ungureanu
PURPOSE: Current fracture risk assessment options in men call for improved evaluation strategies. Recent research directed towards non-classic bone mass determinants have often yielded scarce and conflicting results. We aimed at investigating the impact of novel potential bone mass regulators together with classic determinants of bone status in healthy young and middle-aged men. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, all-site bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition parameters assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and also serum concentrations of (1) the adipokines leptin and resistin, (2) vitamin D and parathormone (PTH), (3) sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), total testosterone and estradiol (free testosterone was also calculated) and (4) C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) were obtained from 30 apparently healthy male volunteers aged 20-65 years enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Emma J Stinson, Jonathan Krakoff, Marci E Gluck
OBJECTIVE: Executive function impairments and depression are associated with obesity but whether they predict weight gain is unclear. METHODS: Forty-six individuals (35m, 37±10y) completed the Stroop Task, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST), Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-SR), Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Body composition (DXA) and fasting glucose were also measured. Data from return visits were used to assess changes in weight...
January 8, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Louise E Daly, Éadaoin B Ní Bhuachalla, Derek G Power, Samantha J Cushen, Karl James, Aoife M Ryan
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition, weight loss, and muscle wasting are common in patients with foregut cancers (oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, and bile ducts) and are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. However, little is known about the changes in body composition that occur in these patients during chemotherapy and its impacts clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of adult foregut cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy between 2012 and 2016 was conducted...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Shinji Uemoto
Background: The effect of body composition disturbances has been recently in focus. Sarcopenic obesity, a co-occurrence of low muscle mass and high body fat was reportedly predictive of high mortality in patients with cirrhosis. However, the impact of the interacting sarcopenia and overweight on the outcomes after liver transplantation is still unclear. Methods: We evaluated 200 patients undergoing adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation at our institution between January 2008 and November 2013 classified according to BMI and psoas muscle index (PMI) on admission to transplant into 4 subgroups; sarcopenic overweight (SO), sarcopenic non-overweight (SN), non-sarcopenic overweight and non-sarcopenic non-overweight (NN)...
December 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
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