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"Body composition" and "evaluation" and "prediction"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326031/depressive-symptoms-and-poorer-performance-on-the-stroop-task-are-associated-with-weight-gain
#1
Emma J Stinson, Jonathan Krakoff, Marci E Gluck
OBJECTIVE: Executive function impairments and depression are associated with obesity but whether they predict weight gain is unclear. METHODS: Forty-six individuals (35m, 37±10y) completed the Stroop Task, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST), Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-SR), Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Body composition (DXA) and fasting glucose were also measured. Data from return visits were used to assess changes in weight...
January 8, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325542/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-patients-undergoing-cart-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318756/loss-of-skeletal-muscle-during-systemic-chemotherapy-is-prognostic-of-poor-survival-in-patients-with-foregut-cancer
#3
Louise E Daly, Éadaoin B Ní Bhuachalla, Derek G Power, Samantha J Cushen, Karl James, Aoife M Ryan
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition, weight loss, and muscle wasting are common in patients with foregut cancers (oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, and bile ducts) and are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. However, little is known about the changes in body composition that occur in these patients during chemotherapy and its impacts clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of adult foregut cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy between 2012 and 2016 was conducted...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312971/impact-of-sarcopenic-overweight-on-the-outcomes-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#4
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Shinji Uemoto
Background: The effect of body composition disturbances has been recently in focus. Sarcopenic obesity, a co-occurrence of low muscle mass and high body fat was reportedly predictive of high mortality in patients with cirrhosis. However, the impact of the interacting sarcopenia and overweight on the outcomes after liver transplantation is still unclear. Methods: We evaluated 200 patients undergoing adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation at our institution between January 2008 and November 2013 classified according to BMI and psoas muscle index (PMI) on admission to transplant into 4 subgroups; sarcopenic overweight (SO), sarcopenic non-overweight (SN), non-sarcopenic overweight and non-sarcopenic non-overweight (NN)...
December 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276901/-prognostic-role-of-body-composition-in-patients-with-pneumonia-associated-with-decompensated-chf
#5
N A Bylova, G P Arutyunov, A K Rylova, A S Simbirtseva, A G Arutyunov
AIM: To evaluate the effect of body composition on prediction of community-acquired pneumonia caused by Str. pneumoniae in patients with decompensated CHF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 216 patients. The pneumonia agent was identified by sputum culture. Body composition with determining lean body mass and fat mass was evaluated using a bio-impedance analysis; body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients with BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 were included into the study...
2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#6
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206665/lean-mass-and-functional-recovery-in-men-with-hip-fracture-a-short-term-prospective-pilot-study
#7
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Silvia Di Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the capability of different definitions of low appendicular lean mass (aLM) to predict the short-term functional recovery in hip-fracture men. DESIGN: We investigated 80 of 95 men with hip fracture admitted consecutively to a rehabilitation hospital. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Functional recovery after inpatient rehabilitation was evaluated using Barthel Index scores. RESULTS: The patients with aLM above the cut-off value of 19...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196890/malnutrition-and-sarcopenia-in-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#8
C Caimmi, P Caramaschi, A Venturini, E Bertoldo, E Vantaggiato, O Viapiana, M Ferrari, G Lippi, L Frulloni, M Rossini
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease which may lead to malnutrition. Previous studies have defined it with different criteria. No thorough evaluations of sarcopenia in SSc are available. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and the potential association of malnutrition and sarcopenia in a large cohort of SSc cases. A total of 141 SSc consecutive outpatients were enrolled. Body composition was analyzed by densitometry. Malnutrition was defined according to recently published ESPEN criteria, whereas sarcopenia was diagnosed in patients with reduced skeletal muscle index...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187061/accuracy-of-predictive-equations-for-energy-expenditure-in-mexicans-living-with-hiv-aids-with-and-without-antiretroviral-therapy
#9
Iván Armando Osuna-Padilla, Adriana Aguilar-Vargas, Andrea Villazón-De la Rosa, Yuria Ablanedo-Terrazas, Yetlanezi Vargas-Infante, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
INTRODUCTION: Determination of the resting energy expenditure (REE) is essential for planning nutrition therapy in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to help to improve their nutrition status. We aim to evaluate the agreement and accuracy of prediction equations that estimate the REE in a Mexican population with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS with and without antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: A cross-sectional study in Mexican patients with HIV/AIDS with and without ART...
February 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166878/the-andromeda-prospective-cohort-study-predictive-value-of-combined-criteria-to-tailor-breast-cancer-screening-and-new-opportunities-from-circulating-markers-study-protocol
#10
Livia Giordano, Federica Gallo, Elisabetta Petracci, Giovanna Chiorino, Nereo Segnan
BACKGROUND: In recent years growing interest has been posed on alternative ways to screen women for breast cancer involving different imaging techniques or adjusting screening interval by breast cancer risk estimates. A new research area is studying circulating microRNAs as molecular biomarkers potentially useful for non invasive early detection together with the analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The Andromeda study is a prospective cohort study on women attending breast cancer screening in a northern Italian area...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111907/bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-healthy-term-infants-in-the-first-three-months-of-life-in-brazil
#11
Roseli Borges Donegá Toffano, Elaine Hillesheim, Ana Vitoria Barban Margutti, José Simon Camelo Junior, Ivan Savioli Ferraz, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Bioelectrical impedance vectorial analysis (BIVA) can be considered a favorable method for evaluation and monitoring of nutritional and hydration status without assumptions regarding body composition or requirement of prediction formulas. The present study aimed to determine bivariate tolerance intervals of the whole-body impedance vector for healthy term infants aged 1 to 3 months. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance data (800 mA-50 kHz) were obtained...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098979/modeling-homeorhetic-trajectories-of-milk-component-yields-body-composition-and-dry-matter-intake-in-dairy-cows-influence-of-parity-milk-production-potential-and-breed
#12
J B Daniel, N C Friggens, H van Laar, K L Ingvartsen, D Sauvant
The control of nutrient partitioning is complex and affected by many factors, among them physiological state and production potential. Therefore, the current model aims to provide for dairy cows a dynamic framework to predict a consistent set of reference performance patterns (milk component yields, body composition change, dry-matter intake) sensitive to physiological status across a range of milk production potentials (within and between breeds). Flows and partition of net energy toward maintenance, growth, gestation, body reserves and milk components are described in the model...
November 3, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090990/handgrip-strength-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-associations-with-acute-exacerbations-and-body-composition
#13
Carlos H Martinez, Alejandro A Diaz, Catherine A Meldrum, Merry-Lynn N McDonald, Susan Murray, Gregory L Kinney, John E Hokanson, Jeffrey L Curtis, Russell P Bowler, MeiLan K Han, George R Washko, Elizabeth A Regan
RATIONALE: Handgrip strength (HGS) predicts mortality in the elderly, but its determinants and clinical significance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been defined. OBJECTIVES: We tested associations of HGS with pectoralis muscle area (PMA), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), imaging characteristics, and lung function in smokers with COPD, and evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of HGS with acute respiratory events. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, clinical, spirometry, HGS, and imaging data of 272 subjects with COPD, obtaining measures of airway thickness, emphysema, PMA, and SAT from chest computed tomography scans...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057330/validation-of-a-white-light-3d-body-volume-scanner-to-assess-body-composition
#14
Jose Medina-Inojosa, Virend Somers, Sarah Jenkins, Jennifer Zundel, Lynne Johnson, Chassidy Grimes, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez
INTRODUCTION: Estimating body fat content has shown to be a better predictor of adiposity-related cardiovascular risk than the commonly used body mass index (BMI). The white-light 3D body volume index (BVI) scanner is a non-invasive device normally used in the clothing industry to assess body shapes and sizes. We assessed the hypothesis that volume obtained by BVI is comparable to the volume obtained by air displacement plethysmography (Bod-Pod) and thus capable of assessing body fat mass using the bi-compartmental principles of body composition...
2017: Obesity, Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040301/surveying-predictors-of-late-life-longitudinal-change-in-daily-activity-energy-expenditure
#15
Vincenzo Valiani, Sandrine Sourdet, Dale A Schoeller, Dawn C Mackey, Douglas C Bauer, Nancy W Glynn, Yosuke Yamada, Tamara B Harris, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) is composed of resting metabolic rate (RMR), post-prandial thermogenesis and activity energy expenditure (AEE). Higher AEE is strongly associated with lower mortality and physical limitations among older adults, but factors that predict changes in AEE in septu and octogenarians are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with late-life longitudinal change in AEE. DESIGN: Energy expenditure was re-assessed in 83 participants (average age at baseline, 74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029184/low-plasma-adiponectin-concentrations-predict-increases-in-visceral-adiposity-and-insulin-resistance
#16
Seung Jin Han, Edward J Boyko, Wilfred Y Fujimoto, Steven E Kahn, Donna L Leonetti
Context: Plasma adiponectin concentration has been shown to be inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance in cross-sectional research. However, it is unclear whether adiponectin predicts future body composition and insulin resistance. Objective: To investigate the potential relationship between adiponectin concentration and future regional body fat distribution and insulin resistance. Design and Setting: Community-based prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022158/clinical-utility-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-patients-with-locoregional-muscle-invasive-or-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-subanalysis-of-changes-in-body-composition-during-neoadjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy
#17
Makito Miyake, Takuya Owari, Takashi Iwamoto, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Keiji Shimada, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a cohort of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated body composition in 35 patients with locoregional muscle invasive (≥ T2 and N0-2M0) or metastatic UC. Body composition was evaluated using multifrequency BIA at baseline (n = 35) and during chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 14)...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016475/relationship-between-physiological-off-ice-testing-on-ice-skating-and-game-performance-in-division-i-women-s-ice-hockey-players
#18
Michelle Boland, Emily M Miele, Katie Delude
The purpose was to identify off-ice testing variables that correlate to skating and game performance in Division I collegiate women ice hockey players. Twenty female, forward and defensive players (19.95 ± 1.35 yr) were assessed for weight, height, percent fat mass (%FAT), bone mineral density, predicted one repetition maximum (RM) absolute and relative (REL%) bench press (BP) and hex bar deadlift (HDL), lower body explosive power, anaerobic power, countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and on-ice repeated skate sprint (RSS) performance...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987018/validation-of-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-versus-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-to-measure-body-fat-percentage-in-overweight-obeses-colombian-adults
#19
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Hector Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
OBJECTIVES: To verify the validity of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (mBCA) for predicting body fat percentage (BF%) in overweight/obese adults using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference method. METHODS: Forty-eight adults participated (54% women, mean age = 41.0 ± 7.3 years old). The Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between BIA and BF% assessed by DXA. The concordance between BF% measured by both methods was obtained with Lin's concordance correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman difference plots...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981652/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
María José Casanova, Maria Chaparro, Begoña Molina, Olga Merino, Ricardo Batanero, Carmen Dueñas-Sadornil, Pilar Robledo, Ana María Garcia-Albert, Maria Bienvenida Gómez-Sánchez, Xavier Calvet, Maria Del Roser Trallero, Miguel Montoro, Iria Vázquez, Mara Charro, Amaya Barragán, Francisco Martínez-Cerezo, Isabel Megias-Rangil, José María Huguet, Ezequiel Marti-Bonmati, Marta Calvo, Mariana Campderá, Margarita Muñoz-Vicente, Angel Merchante, Ansel David Ávila, Pilar Serrano-Aguayo, Ruth De Francisco, Daniel Hervías, Luis Bujanda, Gloria Esther Rodriguez, Luisa Castro-Laria, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Manuel Van Domselaar, Patricia Ramirez de la Piscina, Javier Santos-Fernández, Alicia Algaba, Sandra Torra, Liliana Pozzati, Pilar López-Serrano, Maria Del Rosario Arribas, Maria Luisa Rincón, Andrés Camilo Peláez, Elena Castro, Antonio García-Herola, Cecilio Santander, Moisés Hernández-Alonso, Elisa Martín-Noguerol, María Gómez-Lozano, Tamara Monedero, Albert Villoria, Ariadna Figuerola, Andrés Castaño-García, Jesús M Banales, Laura Díaz-Hernández, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Javier López-Díaz, Isabel Pérez-Martínez, Noelia García-Talavera, Olivia Karina Nuevo-Siguairo, Sabino Riestra, Javier P Gisbert
Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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