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"Body composition" and "evaluation" and "prediction"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786455/estimation-of-bone-mineral-density-and-breaking-strength-on-laying-hens-based-on-scans-of-computed-tomography-for-body-composition-analysis
#1
T Donkó, A Tischler, Á Csóka, G Kovács, M Emri, Ö Petneházy, A Szabó, V Halas, J Tossenberger, R Garamvölgyi, G Bajzik
1. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prediction potential of a computer tomography (CT) data collection protocol for determining total body composition used for analysis onwards the tibiotarsal bone quality features. 2. The CT image acquisition was performed on 54 healthy TETRA SL aying hens at 90 weeks of age as well as in the 69th week of the egg production period in vivo and their tibiotarsal bones, ex vivo. 3. Breaking strengths and ash content of the tibiotarsal bones were estimated based on the calculated mineral density of skeletal and tibiotarsal bones by means of CT with an estimation accuracy R2 0...
May 22, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773305/prediction-of-maximal-oxygen-uptake-by-six-minute-walk-test-and-body-mass-index-in-healthy-boys
#2
Majid Jalili, Farzad Nazem, Akbar Sazvar, Kamal Ranjbar
OBJECTIVE: To develop an equation to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) based on the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and body composition in healthy boys. STUDY DESIGN: Direct VO2max, 6-minute walk distance, and anthropometric characteristics were measured in 349 healthy boys (12.49 ± 2.72 years). Multiple regression analysis was used to generate VO2max prediction equations. Cross-validation of the VO2max prediction equations was assessed with predicted residual sum of squares statistics...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755739/abdominal-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-exercise-as-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson
Background: Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and insulin resistance. It is estimated to affect over 20% of the global adult population. Abdominal (visceral) obesity is thought to be the predominant risk factor for metabolic syndrome and as predictions estimate that 50% of adults will be classified as obese by 2030 it is likely that metabolic syndrome will be a significant problem for health services and a drain on health economies...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750822/prediction-equation-to-estimate-heart-rate-at-individual-ventilatory-threshold-in-female-and-male-obese-adults
#4
Gian Pietro Emerenziani, Dafne Ferrari, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Maria Chiara Gallotta, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi, Carlo Baldari, Laura Guidetti
OBJECTIVE: Prescribing individualized moderate exercise intensity is a useful method to reach positive effects on health status in obese adults. This study aimed to establish a practical reference equation to estimate the heart rate (HR) at individual ventilatory threshold (IVT) (HRIVT). METHODS: One hundred sixty-one obese subjects were clinically evaluated and characterized by anthropometric and body composition. Participants performed the six-minute walking test (6-MWT) and the cardiopulmonary exercise test to assess IVT...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738031/influence-of-nutritional-status-laboratory-parameters-and-dietary-patterns-upon-urinary-acid-excretion-in-calcium-stone-formers
#5
Carolini Zanette Warmling Tessaro, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (MS) are associated with low urinary pH and represent risk factors for nephrolithiasis, especially composed by uric acid. Acidogenic diets may also contribute to a reduction of urinary pH. Propensity for calcium oxalate precipitation has been shown to be higher with increasing features of the MS. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective evaluation of anthropometric and body composition parameters, MS criteria and the dietary patterns of overweight and obese calcium stone formers and their impact upon urinary pH and other lithogenic parameters was performed...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691162/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-as-a-practical-tool-for-the-early-detection-and-prevention-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Marta Arias-Guillén, Eduardo Perez, Patricia Herrera, Bárbara Romano, Raquel Ojeda, Manel Vera, José Ríos, Néstor Fontseré, Francisco Maduell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether body composition monitor (BCM) could be a practical instrument for nephrologists to assess nutritional status in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and whether it is more effective in identifying patients at highest risk of developing protein-energy wasting (PEW) alone or in combination with other tools currently used for that purpose. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study in 91 HD patients (60 ± 14 years, 70.3% male, 24 ± 4...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652197/relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-body-composition-among-community-dwelling-middle-age-and-elderly-individuals-in-japan-the-yakumo-study
#7
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Taisuke Seki, Koji Suzuki, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
OBJECTIVES: Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a condition requiring nursing care for musculoskeletal disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the correlation between body composition, measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and LS, measured using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Functional Scale (GLFS-25). METHODS: We enrolled 286 individuals who were undergoing regular health follow-up. All individuals completed the GLFS-25, body composition analysis by BIA, and five physical performance tests related to LS: Timed up-and-go test, 10-m gait time, maximum stride length, back strength, and grip strength...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642676/can-the-body-composition-of-crossbred-dairy-cattle-be-predicted-by-equations-for-beef-cattle
#8
Maria Luciana Menezes Wanderley Neves, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira de Souza, Robson Magno Liberal Véras, Sebastião de Campos Valadares Filho, Marcos Inácio Marcondes, Gabriel Santana da Silva, Lígia Maria Gomes Barreto, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Antonia Sherlânea Chaves Véras
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficiency of the Hankins and Howe (HH46), Valadares Filho (V06), and Marcondes (M12) equations for predicting the physical and chemical composition of dairy crossbred bulls carcasses, as well as the chemical composition of their empty bodies. Methods: 30 dairy crossbred bulls were confined. One group of five animals was slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment, and the remaining were slaughtered 112 days later...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616670/development-and-cross-validation-of-predictive-equation-for-estimating-total-body-lean-in-children
#9
Carmela Colica, Laura Di Renzo, Paola Gualtieri, Lorenzo Romano, Renata Costa de Miranda, Antonino De Lorenzo, Ivana Purificato
AIM: To develop and cross-validate a predictive equation for estimating lean body mass (LBM) in children, based on bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometric parameters, and to compare our equation with other predictive methods. METHODS: We evaluated body composition of 155 children (age 5-14 years) by BIA and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Children were divided in two groups: developing set and cross-validation set. Statistical analysis as multiple regression and Bland-Altman methods were performed...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605765/resting-energy-expenditure-and-body-composition-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-an-observational-study-leading-to-a-new-predictive-equation
#10
Micheline Tereza Pires Souza, Pierre Singer, Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Vitor Modesto Rosa, Maria Manuela Ferreira Alves, Rossana Verónica Mendoza López, Dan L Waitzberg
OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer have changes in body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) related to significant inflammatory processes. We investigated REE and body composition in a population of patients with head and neck cancer, comparing the measured REE with predicted energy expenditure and deriving an equation of anthropometric values and body composition. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, descriptive study of a single center included patients with head and neck cancer...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601596/an-anthropometric-approach-to-characterising-neonatal-morbidity-and-body-composition-using-air-displacement-plethysmography-as-a-criterion-method
#11
Jacqueline Huvanandana, Angela E Carberry, Robin M Turner, Emily J Bek, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Alistair L McEwan, Heather E Jeffery
BACKGROUND: With the greatest burden of infant undernutrition and morbidity in low and middle income countries (LMICs), there is a need for suitable approaches to monitor infants in a simple, low-cost and effective manner. Anthropometry continues to play a major role in characterising growth and nutritional status. METHODS: We developed a range of models to aid in identifying neonates at risk of malnutrition. We first adopted a logistic regression approach to screen for a composite neonatal morbidity, low and high body fat (BF%) infants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596717/influence-of-body-composition-and-nutrition-parameters-in-handgrip-strength-are-there-differences-by-sex-in-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Cristina Garagarza, Ana Laura Flores, Ana Valente
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are vulnerable to multiple metabolic and nutrition derangements, leading to changes in body composition. Handgrip strength (HGS) has been used as a nutrition marker. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between HGS and lean tissue mass (LTM) with several parameters in HD patients and develop HGS predictive equations. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 155 patients in HD treatment for ≥3 months. Body composition was assessed through bioimpedance spectroscopy...
December 18, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594644/non-osteogenic-muscle-hypertrophy-in-children-with-mcardle-disease
#13
I Rodríguez-Gómez, A Santalla, J Díez-Bermejo, D Munguía-Izquierdo, L M Alegre, G Nogales-Gadea, J Arenas, M A Martín, A Lucía, I Ara
INTRODUCTION: McArdle disease is an inborn disorder of muscle glycogen metabolism that produces exercise intolerance, and has been recently associated with low values ​​of lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) in affected adults. Here we aimed to study whether this bone health problem begins in childhood. METHODS: Forty children and adolescents were evaluated: 10 McArdle disease and 30 control children (mean age of both groups, 13 ± 2y)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576348/value-of-sarcopenia-assessed-by-computed-tomography-for-the-prediction-of-postoperative-morbidity-following-oncological-colorectal-resection-a-comparison-with-the-malnutrition-screening-tool
#14
G van der Kroft, Dr M J L Bours, Dr M Janssen-Heijnen, Dr C L H van Berlo, Dr J L M Konsten
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) can be used for accurate estimation of whole-body muscle mass and muscle density and for detection of sarcopenia. The goal of this study was to evaluate the additional value of CT measured sarcopenia and muscle attenuation alongside the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) for the prediction of post-operative morbidity after oncological colorectal resection, whilst correcting for known risk factors. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 80 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery in the Netherlands...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571604/a-new-resting-metabolic-rate-equation-for-women-with-class-iii-obesity
#15
Bruno Affonso Parenti de Oliveira, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Cristiana Cortes de Oliveira, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Driele Cristina Gomes Quinhoneiro, Natália Yumi Noronha, Júlio Sergio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
OBJECTIVE: Resting metabolic rate (RMR) is an important parameter to guide the nutritional therapy of class III obese patients. The aims of the present study were to develop a predictive equation for RMR estimation in class III obese women using anthropometric indicators and to compare indirect calorimetry with other predictive equations. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on women with class III obesity (body mass index >40 kg/m2 ). Weight, height, fat-free mass, fat mass, and RMR of all individuals were measured...
May 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557055/health-related-quality-of-life-model-in-adolescents-with-different-body-composition
#16
Karina Franco-Paredes, Felipe J Díaz-Reséndiz, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Lilián Elizabeth Bosques-Brugada
The purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate a causal model of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with different body composition. The participants were 209 adolescents (107 women and 102 men) ranging from 10 to 15 years of age. A model based on that proposed by Wilson and Cleary (JAMA 273(1):59-65, 1995) was elaborated. The body composition of the participants was analyzed. They were asked to complete a battery of questionnaires composed of the following factors: biological status (BS; included body mass index and weight), symptomatic psychological status (SPS; included the variables of drive for thinness and food concerns), functional status (FS; composed of physical activity, food consumption estimation, and socioeconomic status), and HRQoL, which included the dimensions of psychological well-being, autonomy and relationship with parents, social support and peers, and the academic environment...
March 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553036/a-novel-body-circumferences-based-estimation-of-percentage-body-fat
#17
Yair Lahav, Yoram Epstein, Ron Kedem, Haggai Schermann
Anthropometric measures of body composition are often used for rapid and cost-effective estimation of percentage body fat (%BF) in field research, serial measurements and screening. Our aim was to develop a validated estimate of %BF for the general population, based on simple body circumferences measures. The study cohort consisted of two consecutive samples of health club members, designated as 'development' (n 476, 61 % men, 39 % women) and 'validation' (n 224, 50 % men, 50 % women) groups. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements as part of their registration to a health club...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532316/modifications-of-resting-energy-expenditure-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Silvia Bettini, Emanuel Bordigato, Roberto Fabris, Roberto Serra, Chiara Dal Pra', Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Chiara Compagnin, Mirto Foletto, Luca Prevedello, Paola Fioretto, Roberto Vettor, Luca Busetto
OBJECTIVES: Resting energy expenditure (REE) declines more than what is expected according to body composition changes after caloric restriction. This metabolic adaptation is considered one of the factors favoring weight regain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes of REE and calculate the degree of metabolic adaptation occurring after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: REE (by indirect calorimetry) and body composition (fat-free mass or FFM, fat mass or FM by bioelectrical impedance analysis) were determined before and after 12 months in 154 patients with obesity treated with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516391/evaluating-the-predictive-factors-of-resting-energy-expenditure-and-validating-predictive-equations-for-chinese-obese-children
#19
Lin Zhang, Ran Chen, Rong Li, Meng-Ying Chen, Rong Huang, Xiao-Nan Li
BACKGROUND: To study the predictive factors of resting energy expenditure (REE) and evaluate the accuracy of predicted equations with indirect calorimeter (IC) in Chinese school-age children, particularly for the obese population. METHODS: Recruited children were from the department of child healthcare in Nanjing children's hospital during July 2014-September 2015. Anthropometric parameters and body composition were measured by bioelectrical impedance. Measured REE was assessed by IC...
April 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499977/sarcopenic-obesity-and-overall-mortality-results-from-the-application-of-novel-models-of-body-composition-phenotypes-to-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2004
#20
Carla Van Aller, Jose Lara, Blossom C M Stephan, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Steven Heymsfield, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Jonathan C K Wells, Carla M Prado, Mario Siervo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus on the definition of sarcopenic obesity (SO), resulting in inconsistent associations of SO with mortality risk. We aim to evaluate association of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) SO models with mortality risk in a US adult population (≥50 years). SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study population consisted of 3577 participants aged 50 years and older from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition and Examination Survey with mortality follow-up data through December 31, 2011...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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