keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Evaluation" and "physical activity"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352280/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-prevalence-of-non-communicable-pathologies-and-prescription-medication-in-spain
#1
Pablo Fernandez-Navarro, María Teresa Aragones, Victoria Ley
Our aims were to describe physical activity (PA) behaviour in Spain and to examine its association with the prevalence of some of the major non-communicable diseases and with the use of prescription medication. Individualized secondary data retrieved from the 2014 European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) for Spain were used to conduct a cross-sectional epidemiological study (n = 18926). PA was assessed by two different measures: a specific designed variable for EHIS and a leisure time PA frequency-based query of the national survey...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351671/a-novel-non-invasive-method-for-evaluating-electroencephalograms-on-laying-hens
#2
Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
January 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351286/socio-economic-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-literature-review
#3
Grainne O'Donoghue, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Chantal Simon, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350459/nourish-t-targeting-caregivers-to-improve-health-behaviors-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-with-obesity
#4
Marilyn Stern, Jennifer Bleck, Linda J Ewing, Esther Davila, Courtney Lynn, Gregory Hale, Suzanne Mazzeo
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) are alarmingly high. Although healthy lifestyle changes may prevent future health complications, promoting healthy behaviors in PCS is challenging, and few interventions have successfully addressed this issue. PROCEDURE: This randomized control trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a parent-focused six-session intervention, NOURISH-T (Nourishing Our Understanding of Role Modeling to Improve Support and Health for Healthy Transitions), compared with enhanced usual care (EUC) on the outcomes of caregiver and PCS anthropometric measurements, eating behaviors, and physical activity...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#5
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349241/simultaneous-evaluation-of-physical-and-social-environmental-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Alexia Sawyer, Marcella Ucci, Russell Jones, Lee Smith, Abi Fisher
Background: Ecological models of physical activity posit that social and physical environmental features exert independent and interactive influences on physical activity, but previous research has focussed on independent influences. This systematic review aimed to synthesise the literature investigating how features of neighbourhood physical and social environments are associated with physical activity when both levels of influence are simultaneously considered, and to assess progress in the exploration of interactive effects of social and physical environmental correlates on physical activity...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349218/comparing-methods-of-targeting-obesity-interventions-in-populations-an-agent-based-simulation
#7
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Mehdi Jalalpour, Thomas A Glass
Social networks as well as neighborhood environments have been shown to effect obesity-related behaviors including energy intake and physical activity. Accordingly, harnessing social networks to improve targeting of obesity interventions may be promising to the extent this leads to social multiplier effects and wider diffusion of intervention impact on populations. However, the literature evaluating network-based interventions has been inconsistent. Computational methods like agent-based models (ABM) provide researchers with tools to experiment in a simulated environment...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347991/the-benefits-and-tolerance-of-exercise-in-myasthenia-gravis-mgex-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Simone Birnbaum, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Raphael Porcher, Pierre Portero, Bernard Clair, Bruno Eymard, Sophie Demeret, Guillaume Bassez, Marcela Gargiulo, Estelle Louët, Sonia Berrih-Aknin, Asmaa Jobic, Philippe Aegerter, Philippe Thoumie, Tarek Sharshar
BACKGROUND: Research exploring the effects of physical exercise in auto-immune myasthenia gravis (MG) is scarce. The few existing studies present methodological shortcomings limiting the conclusions and generalisability of results. It is hypothesised that exercise could have positive physical, psychological as well as immunomodulatory effects and may be a beneficial addition to current pharmacological management of this chronic disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefits on perceived quality of life (QOL) and physical fitness of a home-based physical exercise program compared to usual care, for patients with stabilised, generalised auto-immune MG...
January 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#9
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346314/sustainable-transportation-attitudes-and-health-behavior-change-evaluation-of-a-brief-stage-targeted-video-intervention
#10
Norbert Mundorf, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva
Promoting physical activity and sustainable transportation is essential in the face of rising health care costs, obesity rates, and other public health threats resulting from lack of physical activity. Targeted communications can encourage distinct population segments to adopt active and sustainable transportation modes. Our work is designed to promote the health, social, and environmental benefits of sustainable/active transportation (ST) using the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), which has been successfully applied to a range of health, and more recently, sustainability behaviors...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344033/investigating-the-prevalence-of-low-bone-mass-in-children-of-southern-iran-and-its-associated-factors
#11
Forough Saki, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marjan Jeddi, Marzie Bakhshaieshkaram, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh
Background: Improving peak bone mass and bone strength in the first years of life and enhancing it during young adulthood could prevent osteoporosis and fractures in the last years of life. We evaluated the prevalence of low bone mass in the lumbar and femoral neck and its associated factors in southern Iranian children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on healthy Iranian children aged 9 - 18 years old during 2011 - 2012. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343130/a-community-based-exercise-program-to-increase-participation-in-physical-activities-among-youth-with-disability-a-feasibility-study
#13
Nora Shields, Roos van den Bos, Kirsty Buhlert-Smith, Luke Prendergast, Nicholas Taylor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of a student-mentored community-based exercise program for youth with disability. METHOD: Nineteen youth (nine female; mean age 18 years) with disability (seven cerebral palsy, six Down syndrome, three spina bifida, two autism spectrum disorder, one spinal cord injury) were recruited. Each participant was matched with a student mentor and exercised twice a week for 12 weeks at their local gymnasium. Five domains of feasibility were assessed: demand, implementation, practicality, limited efficacy testing, and acceptability...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343122/use-of-the-godin-leisure-time-exercise-questionnaire-in-multiple-sclerosis-research-a-comprehensive-narrative-review
#14
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Emma V Richardson, Katie J Cederberg, Jeffer E Sasaki, Brian M Sandroff, Robert W Motl
PURPOSE: The Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire has been a commonly applied measure of physical activity in research among persons with multiple sclerosis over the past decade. This paper provides a comprehensive description of its application and inclusion in research on physical activity in multiple sclerosis. METHOD: This comprehensive, narrative review included papers that were published between 1985 and 2017, written in English, involved participants with multiple sclerosis as a primary population, measured physical activity, and cited one of the two original Godin papers...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343110/can-the-physical-environment-itself-influence-neurological-patient-activity
#15
Michelle M Shannon, Marie Elf, Leonid Churilov, John Olver, Alan Pert, Julie Bernhardt
PURPOSE: To evaluate if a changed physical environment following redesign of a hospital ward influenced neurological patient physical and social activity. METHODS: A "before and after" observational design was used that included 17 acute neurological patients pre-move (median age 77 (IQR 69-85) years Ward A and 20 post-move (median age 70 (IQR 57-81) years Ward B. Observations occurred for 1 day from 08.00-17.00 using Behavioral Mapping of patient physical and social activity, and location of that activity...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343090/identifying-copd-patients-at-risk-for-worse-symptoms-hrqol-and-self-efficacy-a-cluster-analysis
#16
Aline C Lopes, Rafaella F Xavier, Ana Carolina Ac Pereira, Rafael Stelmach, Frederico LA Fernandes, Samantha L Harrison, Celso Rf Carvalho
Objectives To identify clusters of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with distinct beliefs about their illness in terms of symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), self-efficacy, and daily life physical activity (DLPA). Methods This cross-sectional study included 150 COPD outpatients. The patients' illness perceptions, clinical control, HRQoL, self-efficacy, and DLPA (accelerometry) were evaluated. A cluster analysis was conducted using data from the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire - Revised to establish groups of patients with distinct illness perceptions...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342366/evaluation-of-the-get-active-questionnaire-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Andrea F M Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical activity screening prior to starting a physical activity program is important to identify if there are any underlying health conditions. However, many older adults do not complete such assessments prior to beginning their physical activity program. This project compared the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology's newly developed Get Active Questionnaire (GAQ) to a standardized exercise stress test in terms of screening out versus screening in false positive GAQ tests...
January 17, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340961/metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-korean-submariners-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jihun Kang, Yun-Mi Song
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of inter-related risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Although submariners tend to be exposed to unhealthy environmental factors, such as a confined work environment, physical inactivity, and circadian disruption, little is known regarding whether the risks of MetS and its components are associated with submarine service. The present study aimed to evaluate the risks of MetS and its components among submariners. METHODS: A total of 5090 subjects (513 submariners and 4577 non-submariners) were included in the present study...
January 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340805/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Sherif Sakr, Ada Al-Qunaibet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases account for nearly one third of all deaths globally. Improving exercise capacity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been an important target to reduce cardiovascular events. In addition, the American Heart Association defined decreased physical activity as the fourth risk factor for coronary artery disease. Multiple large cohort studies have evaluated the impact of CRF on outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the role of CRF in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
January 16, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340774/-exercise-to-me-is-a-scary-word-perceptions-of-fatigue-sleep-dysfunction-and-exercise-in-people-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-focus-group-study
#20
D Russell, I C Álvarez Gallardo, I Wilson, C M Hughes, G W Davison, B Sañudo, J G McVeigh
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common and complex chronic pain condition. Exercise is recommended in the management of the FMS; however, people with FMS often find exercise exacerbates their condition and causes overwhelming fatigue. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of fatigue and sleep dysfunction, and exercise in people with FMS. Three, 60-90 min focus groups were conducted with people with FMS (n = 14). Participants were recruited from patient support groups who had experienced therapeutic exercise in the management of their condition...
January 16, 2018: Rheumatology International
keyword
keyword
53969
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"