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"Evaluation" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097452/toward-the-optimal-strategy-for-sustained-weight-loss-in-overweight-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Meeke Hoedjes, Maartje M van Stralen, Sheena Tjon A Joe, Matti Rookus, Flora van Leeuwen, Susan Michie, Jacob C Seidell, Ellen Kampman
PURPOSE: To gain more insight into the optimal strategy to achieve weight loss and weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese cancer survivors after completion of initial treatment, this systematic review aimed to provide an overview of the literature on intervention effects on weight, to describe intervention components used in effective interventions, to identify and synthesize behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and to assess the frequency with which these BCTs were used in effective interventions...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097181/social-well-being-and-related-factors-in-students-of-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#2
Alireza Salehi, Maryam Marzban, Maryam Sourosh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahmoud Nejabat, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization viewpoint, social well-being is an important dimension of health along with physical and mental aspects. Evaluation of social well-being is necessary in students, especially in medical sciences students due to future responsibility as health care professionals. The present study attempted to investigate the level of social well-being, five domains of it (like actualization, integration, contribution), and some related factors in the school of nursing and midwifery students...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095900/post-stroke-dementia-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Milija D Mijajlović, Aleksandra Pavlović, Michael Brainin, Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Terence J Quinn, Hege B Ihle-Hansen, Dirk M Hermann, Einor Ben Assayag, Edo Richard, Alexander Thiel, Efrat Kliper, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim, SeongHye Choi, San Jung, Yeong-Bae Lee, Osman Sinanović, Deborah A Levine, Ilana Schlesinger, Gillian Mead, Vuk Milošević, Didier Leys, Guri Hagberg, Marie Helene Ursin, Yvonne Teuschl, Semyon Prokopenko, Elena Mozheyko, Anna Bezdenezhnykh, Karl Matz, Vuk Aleksić, DafinFior Muresanu, Amos D Korczyn, Natan M Bornstein
Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and assess cognition, with few PSD-specific instruments. Choice will depend on purpose of assessment, with differing instruments needed for brief screening (e.g., Montreal Cognitive Assessment) or diagnostic formulation (e...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#4
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095861/challenges-in-conducting-natural-experiments-in-parks-lessons-from-the-revamp-study
#5
Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, David Crawford, Kate Dullaghan, Alison Carver, Anna Timperio
: Experimental evidence on the role of the built environment for promoting physical activity is important for informing how to create cities that promote active living. Parks provide opportunities for physical activity; however, there is little robust evidence on the impact of park refurbishment. Government agencies often modify parks, providing opportunities for natural experiment studies of these interventions. Such an opportunity was provided by the modification of a large park in Victoria, Australia in 2013 when the Recording and EValuating Activity in a Modified Park (REVAMP) study was established...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#6
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095501/birth-weight-and-its-relationship-with-the-cardiac-autonomic-balance-in-healthy-children
#7
Livia Victorino Souza, Vanessa Oliveira, Franciele De Meneck, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Maria do Carmo Franco
Several studies indicate that the fetal environment plays a significant role in the development of cardiometabolic disease later in life. However, a few studies present conflicting data about the correlation between birth weight and the impairment of cardiac autonomic modulation. The purpose of the present study was to provide further knowledge to elucidate this contradictory relationship. One hundred children aged 5 and 14 years had anthropometric parameters, body composition and blood pressure levels determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094665/fdg-pet-reproducibility-in-tumor-bearing-mice-comparing-a-traditional-suv-approach-with-a-tumor-to-brain-tissue-ratio-approach
#8
Morten Busk, Ole L Munk, Steen Jakobsen, Jørgen Frøkiær, Jens Overgaard, Michael R Horsman
BACKGROUND: Current [F-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) procedures in tumor-bearing mice typically includes fasting, anesthesia, and standardized uptake value (SUV)-based quantification. Such procedures may be inappropriate for prolonged multiscan experiments. We hypothesize that normalization of tumor FDG retention relative to a suitable reference tissue may improve accuracy as this method may be less susceptible to uncontrollable day-to-day changes in blood glucose levels, physical activity, or unnoticed imperfect tail vein injections...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#9
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091825/preoperative-sport-improves-the-outcome-of-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-prospective-monocentric-cohort-study
#10
Anja Tschugg, Sara Lener, Sebastian Hartmann, Matthias Wildauer, Wolfgang N Löscher, Sabrina Neururer, Claudius Thomé
A lumbar disc herniation resulting in surgery may be an incisive event in a patient's everyday life. The patient's recovery after sequestrectomy may be influenced by several factors. There is evidence that regular physical activity can lower pain perception and improve the outcome after surgery. For this purpose, we hypothesized that patients performing regular sports prior to lumbar disc surgery might have less pain perception and disability thereafter. Fifty-two participants with a single lumbar disc herniation confirmed on MRI treated by a lumbar sequestrectomy were included in the trial...
January 13, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090340/recruitment-and-retention-for-a-weight-loss-maintenance-trial-involving-weight-loss-prior-to-randomization
#11
C I Voils, J M Grubber, M A McVay, M K Olsen, J Bolton, J M Gierisch, S S Taylor, M L Maciejewski, W S Yancy
OBJECTIVE: A weight loss maintenance trial involving weight loss prior to randomization is challenging to implement due to the potential for dropout and insufficient weight loss. We examined rates and correlates of non-initiation, dropout, and insufficient weight loss during a weight loss maintenance trial. METHODS: The MAINTAIN trial involved a 16-week weight loss program followed by randomization among participants losing at least 4 kg. Psychosocial measures were administered during a screening visit...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089764/promoting-weight-maintenance-with-electronic-health-record-tools-in-a-primary-care-setting-baseline-results-from-the-maintain-pc-trial
#12
Molly B Conroy, Cindy L Bryce, Kathleen M McTigue, Dana Tudorascu, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Diane Comer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly Huber, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Gary S Fischer
Maintaining weight loss is a significant challenge in combating obesity. The goal of Maintaining Activity and Nutrition through Technology-Assisted Innovation in Primary Care (MAINTAIN-pc) is to evaluate the use of tools delivered through an electronic health record (EHR) and patient portal, with or without health coach support, to help primary care patients maintain weight loss. EHR tools include flowsheets, standardized surveys, and secure patient messaging. Inclusion criteria were age 18-75years, voluntary 5% weight loss in the past 2years with prior BMI≥25kg/m(2), and no bariatric procedures in past 5years...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088514/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-approach-to-smoking-cessation-for-new-and-expectant-fathers-the-dads-in-gear-study-protocol
#13
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Cristina Caperchione, Marianne Clark, Anima Anand, Kym Howay
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effects of tobacco exposure in pregnancy and on infant and child health have focused on women's smoking cessation. Less often addressed is men's smoking, which when continued in fatherhood, reduces the chances of female partners' cessation and can negatively impact children's health as well as men's health. Dads in Gear (DIG) is an innovative program designed specifically for new fathers who want to reduce and quit smoking that includes three components: smoking cessation, fathering, and physical activity...
January 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088243/reducing-sedentary-time-in-adults-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-process-evaluation-of-the-stand-sedentary-time-and-diabetes-rct
#14
Stuart J H Biddle, Charlotte L Edwardson, Trish Gorely, Emma G Wilmot, Thomas Yates, Myra A Nimmo, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
BACKGROUND: Reducing sedentary behaviour may have important health implications. This study evaluated the potential enablers and barriers for outcomes of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) designed to evaluate a pragmatic education based intervention designed to reduce sedentary (sitting) behaviour in young adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected from participants in the intervention group immediately after an educational workshop addressing sedentary time and diabetes risk (n = 71), through phone interviews 6 weeks (n = 45) after the workshop, and at the conclusion of the 12-month trial (n = 10)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#15
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087154/evaluation-of-serial-high-sensitivity-troponin-t-levels-in-individuals-without-overt-coronary-heart-disease-following-exercise-stress-testing
#16
Yousef M E Saad, Hanan Idris, Ibrahim M Shugman, Krishna K Kadappu, Rohan Rajaratnam, Liza Thomas, Christian Mussap, Dominic Y C Leung, Craig P Juergens, John K French
BACKGROUND: Detectable levels of high sensitivity (cardiac) troponin T (HsTnT), occur in the majority of patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), and often in 'healthy' individuals. Extreme physical activity may lead to marked elevations in creatine kinase MB and TnT levels. However, whether HsTnT elevations occur commonly after exercise stress testing (EST), and if so, whether this has clinical significance, needs clarification. METHODS: To determine whether HsTnT levels become elevated after EST (Bruce protocol) to ≥95% of predicted maximum heart rate in presumed healthy subjects without overt CHD, we assayed HsTnT levels for ∼5h post-EST in 105 subjects (median age 37 years)...
December 9, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#17
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#18
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#19
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081191/recreational-physical-activity-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-young-adult-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Aimee R Kroll-Desrosiers, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Sofija E Zagarins, Serena C Houghton, Biki B Takashima-Uebelhoer, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that up to 75% of premenopausal women experience at least one premenstrual symptom and 8-20% meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome substantially reduces quality of life for many women of reproductive age, with pharmaceutical treatments having limited efficacy and substantial side effects. Physical activity has been recommended as a method of reducing menstrual symptom severity. However, this recommendation is based on relatively little evidence, and the relationship between physical activity, premenstrual symptoms, and premenstrual syndrome remains unclear...
2017: PloS One
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