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"Evaluation" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#1
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806197/frailty-is-strongly-associated-with-increased-risk-of-recurrent-falls-among-older-hiv-infected-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Katherine Tassiopoulos, Mona Abdo, Kunling Wu, Susan L Koletar, Frank J Palella, Robert Kalayjian, Babafemi Taiwo, Kristine M Erlandson
OBJECTIVE: Both frailty and falls occur at earlier than expected ages among HIV-infected individuals, but the contribution of frailty to fall risk in this population is not well understood. We examined this association among participants enrolled in AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) A5322. DESIGN: A prospective, multi-center cohort study of HIV-infected men and women ≥40 years. METHODS: Frailty assessment included a 4-meter walk, grip strength, and self-reported weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity...
August 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805953/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-early-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-ccss
#3
Katie A Devine, Ann C Mertens, John A Whitton, Carmen L Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Wendy Leisenring, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin R Krull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychosocial functioning and physical activity in adolescent and young adult survivors of early childhood cancer. METHODS: Adolescent survivors of early childhood cancer (diagnosed before age four) participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study completed the Coping Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE; n=303; mean age at survey 17.6 years). A subset of these survivors (n=248) completed a follow-up survey an average of 6...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805288/conditioned-pain-modulation-is-affected-by-occlusion-cuff-conditioning-stimulus-intensity-but-not-duration
#4
A Smith, A Pedler
BACKGROUND: Various conditioned pain modulation (CPM) methodologies have been used to investigate diffuse noxious inhibitory control pain mechanisms in healthy and clinical populations. Occlusion cuff parameters have been poorly studied. We aimed to investigate whether occlusion cuff intensity and/or duration influenced CPM magnitudes. We also investigated the role of physical activity levels on CPM magnitude. METHODS: Two studies were performed to investigate the role of intensity and duration of occlusion cuff conditioning stimulus on test stimulus (tibialis anterior pressure pain thresholds)...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803961/the-99th-percentile-and-imprecision-of-point-of-care-cardiac-troponin-i-in-comparison-to-central-laboratory-tests-in-a-large-reference-population
#5
Anne Greiser, Theresa Winter, Hala Mahfoud, Anders Kallner, Till Ittermann, Annette Masuch, Norbert Lubenow, Thomas Kohlmann, Andreas Greinacher, Matthias Nauck, Astrid Petersmann
OBJECTIVES: Determination of cardiac troponin (cTn) is central in the emergency department (ED) for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. In view of adverse effects of long waiting time on patient outcome, implementation of point-of-care-testing (POCT) is suggested if the turn-around-time is longer than 60min. The present study aimed to determine the 99th percentile and imprecision of two POCT in a healthy population measuring cTnI and cTnT and compare these analytical characteristics against three central laboratory test (CLT) for cTnI...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803019/daily-lying-behavior-of-lactating-holstein-cows-during-an-estrus-synchronization-protocol-and-its-associations-with-fertility
#6
B F Silper, A M L Madureira, L B Polsky, S Soriano, A F Sica, J L M Vasconcelos, R L A Cerri
Objectives were to quantify lying behavior (LB) during an estradiol and progesterone-based synchronization protocol, to assess risk factors for ovulation, pregnancy per AI (P/AI), and degree of behavioral change at estrus, and to investigate the associations between estrus LB and walking activity. Holstein cows (43.6 ± 11.0 kg of milk/d) were fitted with leg-mounted accelerometers. Total lying time/d (L_time), bout frequency (bout_N), average lying bout duration, and relative increase in walking activity (ACT%) were evaluated for 1,411 timed artificial insemination events...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
July 14, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801941/step-it-up-using-the-good-behavior-game-to-increase-physical-activity-with-elementary-school-students-at-recess
#8
Leslie A Galbraith, Matthew P Normand
We evaluated the effects of a modified version of the Good Behavior Game (GBG) on the number of steps taken by students during school recess. We divided a class into two teams, and awarded the team with the highest step counts at the end of each game raffle tickets for a school-wide lottery. The GBG was compared to recess periods without the game using an alternating-treatments design. Students took more steps while playing the GBG than they did during recess periods without the game.
August 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801430/association-between-pregravid-physical-activity-and-family-history-of-stroke-and-risk-of-stillbirth-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Grace M Egeland, Grethe S Tell, Øyvind Næss, Jannicke Igland, Kari Klungsøyr
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether family history of disease and pregravid lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors are associated with subsequent stillbirth delivery. DESIGN: Prepregnancy cohort study. SETTING: Cohort Norway regional health surveys (1994-2003) linked to Medical Birth Registry of Norway for deliveries through 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 13 497 singleton births (> 22 weeks gestation) in 8478 women. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Risk of stillbirth evaluated by Poisson regression...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799430/genesis-of-an-employee-wellness-program-at-a-large-university
#10
Lisa K Lloyd, Sylvia H Crixell, Janet R Bezner, Katherine Forester, Carolyn Swearingen
University employee wellness programs have potential to support positive changes in employee health, thereby improving productivity and mitigating the rise in health care costs. The purpose of this article is to describe a theory-driven approach to systematically planning, developing, and implementing a comprehensive university employee wellness program. Long-term program goals were to improve employee health, well-being, and productivity by focusing on decreasing sedentary behavior, increasing physical activity, improving dietary habits, and reducing stress...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797867/preventing-early-postoperative-arm-swelling-and-lymphedema-manifestation-by-compression-sleeves-after-axillary-lymph-node-interventions-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Katarzyna Ochalek, Tomasz Gradalski, Hugo Partsch
CONTEXT: Breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL) remains one of the major long-term complications after surgery. Many reports showed the effectiveness of compression in BCRL treatment but randomized controlled trials evaluating compression garments for postoperative prevention are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential role of light arm compression sleeves for reducing the incidence of early postoperative swelling and of breast cancer related arm lymphedema...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797575/cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-burn-survivors
#12
Becky Leung, John F Younger, Kellie Stockton, Michael Muller, Jennifer Paratz
OBJECTIVE: Burn patients have prolonged derangements in metabolic, endocrine, cardiac and psychosocial systems, potentially impacting on their cardiovascular health. There are no studies on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after-burn. The aim of our study was to record lipid values and evaluate CVD risk in adult burn survivors. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study patients ≥18 years with burn injury between 18-80% total burn surface area (TBSA) from 1998 to 2012 had total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides measured via finger prick...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796009/different-exposures-to-risk-factors-do-not-explain-the-inverse-relationship-of-occurrence-between-cancer-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-an-italian-nested-case-control-study
#13
Federica Prinelli, Fulvio Adorni, Maria Lea Correa Leite, Carla Pettenati, Antonio Russo, Simona Di Santo, Massimo Musicco
Several studies reported that cancer is less frequent in persons with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases (AD/PD) and vice-versa. We evaluated whether a different distribution of known nongenetic risk factors for cancer and AD/PD, might explain their inverse relationship of occurrence. We nested 2 case-control studies in a subsample of a large cohort of 1,000,000 resident in Lombardy Region in Italy (n=1515), followed-up for cancer and AD/PD occurrence since 1991 until 2012. Conditional logistic regression was performed to determine the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of AD/PD in subjects with and without cancer and the risk of cancer in those with and without AD/PD...
August 8, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796006/novel-insights-of-disability-assessment-in-adult-myositis
#14
Hector Fabricio Espinosa-Ortega, Mariana Moreno-Ramirez, Helene Alexanderson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the novel development of standardized clinical outcome measures used in adult patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). A further aim was to determine what aspects of IIM are covered by these outcome measures according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). RECENT FINDINGS: The sporadic inclusion body myositis functional assessment (sIFA) is the first diagnosis-specific patient-driven patient-reported outcome measure...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795682/effects-of-antenatal-diet-and-physical-activity-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-and-health-economic-evaluation
#15
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795462/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-prevalence-and-detection-of-predictors-of-polypharmacy-amongst-adult-in-spain
#16
Gracia Niclós, Teresa Olivar, Vicent Rodilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between polypharmacy and sociodemographic factors as well as health status, determinants of health and healthcare use, illness and use of prescribed medicines amongst adults in Spain. METHODS: Data from the 2009 European Health Interview Survey in Spain which included 22 188 subjects were used. Polypharmacy was defined as the use of five or more prescribed medicines. The association between polypharmacy and several variables was assessed by means of bivariate analysis and logistic regression analysis (adjusted by age and gender)...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794901/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-efficacy-of-the-sci-get-fit-toolkit-on-leisure-time-physical-activity-behaviour-and-social-cognitive-processes-in-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Shane N Sweet, Marie-Eve Lamontagne, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Samantha Jeske, François Routhier, Amy E Latimer-Cheung
STUDY DESIGN: Single blind, two-group randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of the SCI Get Fit Toolkit delivered online on theoretical constructs and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among adults with SCI. SETTING: Ontario and Quebec, Canada. ELIGIBILITY: Inactive, English- and French-speaking Canadian adults with traumatic SCI with Internet access, and no self-reported cognitive or memory impairments...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794209/phylloquinone-intake-is-associated-with-cardiac-structure-and-function-in-adolescents
#18
Mary K Douthit, Mary Ellen Fain, Joshua T Nguyen, Celestine F Williams, Allison H Jasti, Bernard Gutin, Norman K Pollock
Background: Associations between childhood vitamin K consumption and cardiac structure and function have not been investigated.Objective: We determined associations between phylloquinone (vitamin K-1) intake and left ventricular (LV) structure and function in adolescents.Methods: We assessed diet with three to seven 24-h recalls and physical activity (PA) by accelerometry in 766 adolescents (aged 14-18 y, 50% female, 49% black). Fat-free soft tissue (FFST) mass and fat mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793982/validation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-the-assessment-of-sedentary-and-active-behaviors
#19
Meynard John Toledo, Eric Hekler, Kevin Hollingshead, Dana Epstein, Matthew Buman
BACKGROUND: Although current technological advancements have allowed for objective measurements of sedentary behavior via accelerometers, these devices do not provide the contextual information needed to identify targets for behavioral interventions and generate public health guidelines to reduce sedentary behavior. Thus, self-reports still remain an important method of measurement for physical activity and sedentary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of a smartphone app in assessing sitting, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
August 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793946/training-primary-care-providers-in-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing-for-youth-behavior-change
#20
Monique K Vallabhan, Alberta S Kong, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Linda C Summers, Conni J DeBlieck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a global epidemic. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising strategy to address adolescent obesity risk behaviors. However, primary care providers (PCPs) tend to express discomfort with learning and adopting MI practices and with addressing patient weight issues. PCP proficiency in using MI to discuss body mass index, health screening results, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors after receiving training and coaching from an MI expert and practicing the technique was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
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