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"Evaluation" and "physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944304/wearable-technology-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-and-cvd-risk-in-older-adults-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lisa M Krehbiel, Andrew S Layne, Bhanuprasad Sandesara, Todd M Manini, Stephen D Anton, Thomas W Buford
Persons aged over 65 years account for over the vast majority of healthcare expenditures and deaths attributable to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Accordingly, reducing CVD risk among older adults is an important public health priority. Structured physical activity (i.e. exercise) is a well-documented method of decreasing CVD risk, but recent large-scale trials suggest that exercise alone is insufficient to reduce CVD events in high-risk populations of older adults. Thus adjuvant strategies appear necessary to reduce CVD risk...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943861/a-practical-and-time-efficient-high-intensity-interval-training-program-modifies-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-adults-with-risk-factors-for-type-ii-diabetes
#2
Bethan E Phillips, Benjamin M Kelly, Mats Lilja, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Robert J Brogan, David L Morris, Thomas Gustafsson, William E Kraus, Philip J Atherton, Niels B J Vollaard, Olav Rooyackers, James A Timmons
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but adherence to time-orientated (150 min week(-1) or more) PA guidelines is very poor. A practical and time-efficient PA regime that was equally efficacious at controlling risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease is one solution to this problem. Herein, we evaluate a new time-efficient and genuinely practical high-intensity interval training (HIT) protocol in men and women with pre-existing risk factors for type 2 diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943332/associations-of-metabolic-syndrome-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-physical-activity-in-u-s-adolescents
#3
Bethany D Williams, Michael R Richardson, Tammie M Johnson, James R Churilla
PURPOSE: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) criteria, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), and physical activity (PA) as well as the odds of MetS criteria in those active versus inactive utilizing a representative sample of U.S. adolescents. METHODS: The study sample (n = 676) included male and female adolescent (12-17 years) participants in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The criteria analyzed were based on a modified definition of MetS using the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943177/the-association-between-performance-parameters-of-physical-fitness-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-an-evaluation-of-care-data
#4
A F J M Heldens, B C Bongers, A F Lenssen, L P S Stassen, W F Buhre, N L U van Meeteren
BACKGROUND: Preoperative cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by cardiopulmonary testing or estimated using the less sophisticated incremental shuttle walk test, timed up-and-go test or stair climb test is known to be associated with postoperative outcome. This study aimed to evaluate whether parameters of physical fitness are associated with postoperative outcome in patients with colorectal cancer scheduled for elective resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perioperative data of patients who underwent colorectal resection at Maastricht University Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940148/physical-activity-in-preventing-alzheimer-s-disease-and-cognitive-decline-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Stefano Brini, Hamid R Sohrabi, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Mira Karrasch, Heikki Hämäläinen, Ralph N Martins, Timothy J Fairchild
A large body of epidemiological and experimental data exploring the relationship between physical activity (PA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are now available. Despite observational evidence supporting a role for PA in delaying the onset of AD, randomised controlled trials have reported mixed findings, likely due to the heterogeneity in study cohorts, outcome measures, and the adopted PA intervention. The primary objective of this narrative review is to evaluate the extant evidence on the relationship between PA, cognitive decline and AD in older populations...
September 23, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939713/trends-in-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-among-us-adults-from-1999-2012
#6
Lindsay R Pool, Hongyan Ning, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B Allen
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there are persistent racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. National efforts have focused on reducing these disparities; however, little is known about the long-term trends in racial/ethnic disparities in cardiovascular health (CVH). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 11 285 adults aged ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys survey cycles 1999/2000 through 2011/2012...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939409/over-the-counter-mouthwash-use-and-risk-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes
#7
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Evangelia Morou-Bermudez, Rakesh P Patel
AIMS: Over-the-counter mouthwash (most of which are antibacterial) comprises part of routine oral care for many; however, potential adverse effects of the long-term daily use have not been evaluated. Antibacterial mouthwash could destroy oral microbes critical for nitric oxide formation, and in turn predispose to metabolic disorders including diabetes. Our aim was to evaluate longitudinally the association between baseline over-the-counter mouthwash use and development of pre-diabetes/diabetes over a 3-year follow-up...
September 19, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939330/effect-of-a-physical-activity-programme-in-the-aquatic-environment-on-haemodynamic-constants-in-pregnant-women
#8
Juana María Vázquez-Lara, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos, Luciano Rodríguez-Díaz, Jesús Ramírez-Rodrigo, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez, Gema Torres-Luque
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a physical activity programme in the aquatic environment with immersion up to the neck, of six weeks duration, on haemodynamic constants in pregnant women. METHODS: A six-week physical activity programme in the aquatic environment was carried out with a total of 46 pregnant women, who were distributed into an experimental group (n = 18), which participated in the programme, and a control group (n = 28), which followed routine care...
September 19, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939015/the-role-of-self-efficacy-on-the-prognosis-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Javier Martinez-Calderon, Carmen Zamora-Campos, Santiago Navarro-Ledesma, Alejandro Luque-Suarez
Evidence suggests that self-efficacy can play an essential role as a protective factor as well as a mediator in the relationship between pain-disability in people suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain. This study systematically reviewed and critically appraised the role of self-efficacy on the prognosis of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Study selection was based on longitudinal studies testing the prognostic value of self-efficacy in chronic musculoskeletal pain. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, the Cochrane Collaboration's tool, and the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS) checklist were used to evaluate the risk of bias of included studies...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938456/growth-hormone-improves-cardiopulmonary-capacity-and-body-composition-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#10
Donatella Capalbo, Flavia Barbieri, Nicola Improda, Francesco Giallauria, Elisa Di Pietro, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Raffaella Di Mase, Carlo Vigorito, Mariacarolina Salerno
Context: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children may be associated with early cardiovascular risk factors and alterations in left ventricular (LV) structure and function; however, data on cardiopulmonary functional capacity are lacking. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GHD and GH therapy on cardiopulmonary functional capacity, left and right cardiac structure and function, and body composition in children and adolescents. Design: Prospective, case-control study...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938248/a-youth-compendium-of-physical-activities-activity-codes-and-metabolic-intensities
#11
Nancy F Butte, Kathleen B Watson, Kate Ridley, Issa F Zakeri, Robert G McMurray, Karin A Pfeiffer, Scott E Crouter, Stephen D Herrmann, David R Bassett, Alexander Long, Zekarias Berhane, Stewart G Trost, Barbara E Ainsworth, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
PURPOSE: A Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium) was developed to estimate the energy costs of physical activities using data on youth only. METHODS: Based on a literature search and pooled data of energy expenditure measurements in youth, the energy costs of 196 activities were compiled in 16 activity categories to form a Youth Compendium of Physical Activities. To estimate the intensity of each activity, measured oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) was divided by basal metabolic rate (Schofield age-, sex- and mass-specific equations) to produce a youth MET (METy)...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937320/self-regulation-and-implicit-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-influence-exercise-behavior
#12
Avelina C Padin, Charles F Emery, Michael Vasey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Dual-process models of health behavior posit that implicit and explicit attitudes independently drive healthy behaviors. Prior evidence indicates that implicit attitudes may be related to weekly physical activity (PA) levels, but the extent to which self-regulation attenuates this link remains unknown. This study examined the associations between implicit attitudes and self-reported PA during leisure time among 150 highly active young adults and evaluated the extent to which effortful control (one aspect of self-regulation) moderated this relationship...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936694/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-physician-counseling-to-promote-physical-activity-in-mexico-an-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-study
#13
Karla I Galaviz, Paul A Estabrooks, Edtna Jauregui Ulloa, Rebecca E Lee, Ian Janssen, Juan López Y Taylor, Luis Ortiz-Hernández, Lucie Lévesque
Integrating physical activity (PA) counseling in routine clinical practice remains a challenge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a pragmatic strategy aimed to improve physician PA counseling and patient PA. An effectiveness-implementation type-2 hybrid design was used to evaluate a 3-h training (i.e., implementation strategy-IS) to increase physician use of the 5-As (assess, advise, agree, assist, arrange) for PA counseling (i.e., clinical intervention-CI) and to determine if the CI improved patient PA...
September 21, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936644/and-she-s-buying-a-stairway-to-health-signs-and-participant-factors-influencing-stair-ascent-at-a-public-airport
#14
John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Yael BenPorat, Natasha Bliss, Suzanne C Hughes, Brent Bishop, Kristi Robusto, Melbourne F Hovell
Several studies have demonstrated that point-of-choice prompts modestly increase stair use (i.e., incidental physical activity) in many public places, but evidence of effectiveness in airport settings is weak. Furthermore, evaluating the effects of past physical activity on stair use and on point-of-choice prompts to increase stair use is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sign prompts and participant factors including past physical activity on stair ascent in an airport setting...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936414/the-health-benefits-and-constraints-of-exercise-therapy-for-wheelchair-users-a-clinical-commentary
#15
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariette Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 1 billion people living with chronic lower limb disability, many of whom are wheelchair users. OBJECTIVES: Review cardiometabolic and neuromuscular risk profiles of wheelchair users, benefits of regular exercise and the causes of neuromuscular upper limb and hip injuries that hinder regular adherence. METHOD: Literature published between 2013 and 2017 was adopted according to the standard practices for systematic reviews (PRISMA) through Crossref Metadata and Google Scholar searches...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#16
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935620/a-lifestyle-intervention-via-email-in-minority-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-parallel-group-feasibility-study
#17
Raheem J Paxton, Richard Hajek, Patricia Newcomb, Megha Dobhal, Sujana Borra, Wendell C Taylor, Deborah Parra-Medina, Shine Chang, Kerry S Courneya, Gladys Block, Torin Block, Lovell A Jones
BACKGROUND: Our data have indicated that minority breast cancer survivors are receptive to participating in lifestyle interventions delivered via email or the Web, yet few Web-based studies exist in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary results of an email-delivered diet and activity intervention program, "A Lifestyle Intervention Via Email (ALIVE)," delivered to a sample of racial and ethnic minority breast cancer survivors...
September 21, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935148/effect-of-physical-activity-and-age-on-plasma-copper-zinc-iron-and-magnesium-concentration-in-physically-active-healthy-males
#18
Gurseen Rakhra, Daisy Masih, Annu Vats, Saroj K Verma, Vijay K Singh, Rashmi Tomar Rana, Vandana Kirar, Som Nath Singh
OBJECTIVES: The concentration of nutritionally important minerals in circulation is under tight homeostatic control, however, physical activity and aging influence their body stores and nutritional requirement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of both physical activity and age on plasma concentrations of copper, zinc, iron, and magnesium. METHODS: Stratified cluster sampling was used for selection of study participants (N = 360) belonging to three physical activity groups: sedentary, moderately active, and highly active on the basis of their physical activity levels as 1...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934127/removal-of-phenolic-compounds-from-water-using-sewage-sludge-based-activated-carbon-adsorption-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Nuhu Dalhat Mu'azu, Nabeel Jarrah, Mukarram Zubair, Omar Alagha
Due to their industrial relevance, phenolic compounds (PC) are amongst the most common organic pollutants found in many industrial wastewater effluents. The potential detrimental health and environmental impacts of PC necessitate their removal from wastewater to meet regulatory discharge standards to ensure meeting sustainable development goals. In recent decades, one of the promising, cost-effective and environmentally benign techniques for removal of PC from water streams has been adsorption onto sewage sludge (SS)-based activated carbon (SBAC)...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933953/differential-programming-needs-of-college-students-preferring-web-based-versus-in-person-physical-activity-programs
#20
Stephanie P Goldstein, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert
College students report several barriers to exercise, highlighting a need for university-based programs that address these challenges. In contrast to in-person interventions, several web-based programs have been developed to enhance program engagement by increasing ease of access and lowering the necessary level of commitment to participate. Unfortunately, web-based programs continue to struggle with engagement and less-than-ideal outcomes. One explanation for this discrepancy is that different intervention modalities may attract students with distinctive activity patterns, motivators, barriers, and program needs...
September 21, 2017: Health Communication
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