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"Evaluation" and "physical activity"

Fatemeh Rajati, Masoud Ghanbari, Tolou Hasandokht, Seyed Younes Hosseini, Rasool Akbarzadeh, Hossein Ashtarian
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy plays a key role in varying areas of human conditions which can be measured by different scales. The present study was aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) in Iranian Subjects with Physical Disability (SWPD). METHOD: Data were collected by face-to-face interviews and self-report surveys from 214 subjects. The face and content validity, and reliability were evaluated. Discriminates were evaluated between the sub-groups of disability levels, physical activity, and health condition levels...
October 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fiona Riordan, Kathleen Ryan, Ivan J Perry, Matthias B Schulze, Lene Frost Andersen, Anouk Geelen, Pieter Van't Veer, Simone Eussen, Martien van Dongen, Nicole Wijckmans-Duysens, Janas M Harrington
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may be associated with negative health consequences. However, differences between assessment methods can affect the comparability of intake data across studies. The current review aimed to identify methods used to assess SSB intake among children and adults in pan-European studies and to inform the development of the DEDIPAC (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity) toolbox of methods suitable for use in future European studies...
October 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
J McAnuff, R Brooks, C Duff, M Quinn, J Marshall, N Kolehmainen
There is an urgent, agreed need to improve participation outcomes and interventions for children and young people with neurodisability. We worked together with service users and providers to design research into participation outcomes and interventions in neurodisability. We built on existing evidence about participation outcomes and interventions and the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. We: (1) specified seven participation outcome categories for measurement; (2) prioritized these for improvement: self-care, friends and social, and physical activity ranked the highest; (3) identified 11 potential intervention categories for targeting the top priority, self-care, through eight hypothesized change mechanisms and agreed for the interventions to be delivered as a 'Menu of Interventions' for personalized self-care support; and (4) designed a before-and-after mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate the Menu with children and young people (0-12 years) and their parents and therapists...
October 21, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Haiying Quan, Wenrui Hao, Lu Li, Ming Sun, Kuan Zhang
The whole-room indirect calorimeter is considered as important equipment for human energy expenditure measurement, but noise reduction in the system remains a challenge. A selective filtering method (SFM) was designed to improve the accuracy of the computation of O2 consumption rate ([Formula: see text]) and CO2 production rate ([Formula: see text]), based on two facts: (1) the rapid changes of [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and respiratory quotient (RQ) in human should be accompanied by physical activity; (2) the oxygen consumption and the carbon dioxide production should not be negative because living humans do not generate oxygen, nor consume carbon dioxide...
October 20, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Paul D Loprinzi, Meghan K Edwards, Eveleen Sng, Ovuokerie Addoh
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of accelerometer-assessed sedentary behavior and residual-specific mortality. Methods: Data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 5536), with follow-up through 2011. Sedentary behavior was objectively measured over 7 days via accelerometry. Results: When expressing sedentary behavior as a 60 min/day increase, the hazard ratio across the models ranged from 1.07-1.40 (P < 0.05). There was evidence of an interaction effect between sedentary behavior and total physical activity on residual-specific mortality (Hazard ratiointeraction [HR] = 0...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Paul D Loprinzi, Allison Nooe
Background: No study has evaluated the effects of executive function on follow-up sedentary behavior, which was this study's purpose. Methods: A longitudinal design was employed among 18 young adult college students (Mage = 23.7 years; 88.9% female). Accelerometer-determined sedentary behavior and physical activity, along with executive function, were assessed at baseline. Approximately 8 weeks later, re-assessment of accelerometer-determined sedentary behavior and physical activity occurred. Executive function was assessed using the Parametric Go/No-Go (PGNG) computer task...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Felipe B Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Xuemei Sui, Simon Rosenbaum, Joseph Firth, Justin Richards, Philip B Ward, Brendon Stubbs
Physical activity (PA) is protective from future depression, however, the potential impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on the development of depression is less clear. We aimed to investigate if lower levels of CRF are associated with a higher risk for depression onset. Major electronic databases were searched, from inception to January 2016 for prospective cohort studies evaluating the association between CRF and incident depression. Pooled hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
October 17, 2016: Preventive Medicine
David James Osborn, Andy J Martinez, James R Jezior
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of circumferential cremasteric lysis in the treatment of adult symptomatic retractile testicles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients who had undergone circumferential cremasteric lysis at a single institution by a single surgeon between January 2010 and December 2011. We evaluated etiology, pre- and post-operative pain intensity, post-operative pain alleviation and any surgical complications...
October 17, 2016: Urology
H Wang, R Y Hu, J M Zhong, Y J Qian, C M Wang, K X Xie, L L Chen, Z Bian, Y Guo, M Yu, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To explore the associations between age at menarche and diabetes in adult women. Methods: We analyzed the baseline data of 32 364 female participants who were aged 30-79 years and had been enrolled into China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study from Tongxiang, Zhejiang province. Multiple logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the putative associations after adjusting for potential confounders. Variables of menarche age and others were added to the logistic regression model to evaluate the multiplicative interaction, respectively...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Benjamin Bohman, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Parental self-efficacy (PSE) refers to beliefs of parents to effectively engage in behaviors that result in desired outcomes for their children. There are several instruments of PSE for promoting healthy dietary or physical activity (PA) behaviors in children. These measures typically assess PSE in relation to some quantity or frequency of behavior, for example, number of servings or times per week. However, measuring PSE in relation to contextual circumstances, for example, psychological states and situational demands, may be a more informative approach...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Janet D Morrison, Lori Mayer
PURPOSE: To identify and synthesize the research evidence concerning (1) the relationship between physical activity and cognitive performance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and (2) to review the reported effects of physical activity interventions on neurocognitive performance conducted in this population. METHODS: Relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were identified by searching PubMed, PsychINFO, and SPORTDiscus through May 2016. Full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated for quality using tools developed by the National Institutes of Health...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Robert Walaszek, Stanislaw Sterkowicz, Wieslaw Chwala, Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, Katarzyna Walaszek, Marcin Burdacki, Artur Klys
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is beneficial for young children. The aim is to monitor the changes in body posture and balance, as well as in the level of lower limbs mechanical output in six-year-old boys practicing judo (JU) and in a group not practicing that sport (NT). METHODS: In 12 matched pairs of boys (JU+NT) body mass and height were measured and BMI was calculated at three time points (baseline, three months, six months). Body posture was evaluated with the use of Moiré method (TT, DTK, MR, LALBC-F, DALBS)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Pekka Hautasaari, Andrej M Savić, Otto Loberg, Eini Niskanen, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala, Ina M Tarkka
Associations between long-term physical activity and cortical function and brain structure are poorly known. Our aim was to assess whether brain functional and/or structural modulation associated with long-term physical activity is detectable using a discordant monozygotic male twin pair design. Nine monozygotic male twin pairs were carefully selected for an intrapair difference in their leisure-time physical activity of at least three years duration (mean age 34 ± 1 years). We registered somatosensory mismatch response (SMMR) in EEG to electrical stimulation of fingers and whole brain MR images...
October 19, 2016: Brain Topography
Ahmed M Mandil, Nuha A Alfurayh, Manar A Aljebreen, Sarah A Aldukhi
To evaluate levels of physical activity among physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to study the possible factors affecting physical inactivity. In addition, the study aims to estimate the prevalence of major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and a possible correlation between physical inactivity and major NCDs.  Method: A cross-sectional approach was used for this study conducted on 370 randomly-selected outpatient physicians of both genders working at 4 leading healthcare institutions in Riyadh, Kindom of Saudi Arabia between December 2013 and January 2014...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
January 2016: JMIR Cancer
Justyna Wyszyńska, Justyna Podgórska-Bednarz, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Maciej Rachwał, Joanna Baran, Ewelina Czenczek-Lewandowska, Justyna Leszczak, Artur Mazur
Introduction. Excessive body mass in turn may contribute to the development of many health disorders including disorders of musculoskeletal system, which still develops intensively at that time. Aim. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between children's body mass composition and body posture. The relationship between physical activity level of children and the parameters characterizing their posture was also evaluated. Material and Methods. 120 school age children between 11 and 13 years were enrolled in the study, including 61 girls and 59 boys...
2016: BioMed Research International
Baratali Rezapour, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hamidreza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a physical education program (PEP) on promoting health belief model (HBM) scores, increasing physical activity (PA), and reducing obesity among Iranian high school students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was accomplished at four high schools that were randomly divided into two groups of experiment (forty) and control (forty) male students in junior high schools in Urmia, Iran...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Catarina Maria Oliveira Sediyama, Manoela Maciel Dos Santos Dias, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Andréia Ribeiro Queiroz, Lara Gomes Suhett, Renata Nascimento Freitas, Sérgio Oliveira De Paula, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio
INTRODUCTION: The prevention strategy of breast cancer is still the key factor for early diagnosis and the most effective method for tracking the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association vitamin D level with breast cancer in women. METHODS: This hospital case-control study was conducted with 181 women with breast cancer and 197 healthy controls. Vitamin D status, calcium, phosphorus and PTH serum dosage and data collection related to lifestyle and patient's history, besides anthropometric measurements were performed...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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