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sex offender disabilities

Jerry A Rea, Michael R Dixon, Robert D Zettle, Kasey L Wright
The ability to adequately evaluate medications in the treatment of paraphilias has been limited by reliance upon self-report as a measure of effectiveness over periods of time that may be too short to detect reoffending. One solution to this shortcoming is the development of valid, long-term, stable assessment measures. The purpose of this case study was to analyze the effects of Prozac and Provera on an array of behaviors germane to the successful treatment of paraphilias, including: (a) sexual arousal in the laboratory and natural environment, (b) sexual thoughts (deviant and nondeviant) accompanied by arousal in the natural environment, and (c) overt actions in the community associated with increased risk of reoffending over a 31-month period for an exhibitionist with an intellectual disability...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
J Paul Fedoroff, Deborah Richards, Rebekah Ranger, Susan Curry
This CIHR-funded study examined whether certain current risk assessment tools were effective in appraising risk of recidivism in a sample of sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID). Fifty men with ID who had engaged in problematic sexual behavior (PSB) were followed for an average of 2.5 years. Recidivism was defined and measured as any illegal or problematic behavior, as well as any problematic but not necessarily illegal behavior. At the beginning of the study, each participant was rated on two risk assessment tools: the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG)...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Billy C Fogden, Stuart D M Thomas, Michael Daffern, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that people with intellectual disability are disproportionately involved in crime both as perpetrators and victims. METHOD: A case linkage design used three Australian contact-level databases, from disability services, public mental health services and police records. Rates of contact, and official records of victimisation and criminal charges were compared to those in a community sample without intellectual disability. RESULTS: Although people with intellectual disability were significantly less likely to have an official record of victimisation and offending overall, their rates of violent and sexual victimisation and offending were significantly higher...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Humphrey Enow, Priya Nagalingam, Ranbir Singh, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya
INTRODUCTION: Most people with learning disabilities (PWLD) have little understanding of the concept of sex and relationship. PWLD are vulnerable and more likely to be victims of sexual offending. Currently, the only formal access to sex and relationship education that PWLD have is in special need schools. BACKGROUND: The right to express their sexuality is frequently restricted or denied by restricted policies, negative attitudes and lack of awareness of their needs...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Jill D Stinson, Lee Ann McVay, Judith V Becker
This study evaluates the effectiveness of safe offender strategies (SOS) in comparison with relapse prevention (RP) in a sample of 91 inpatient males in a secure psychiatric setting. All men evidenced a history of violent sexual offending and were diagnosed with serious psychiatric disorders and/or intellectual disabilities. Participants who received SOS (n= 58) and RP (n= 33) were followed from 6 to 36 months post release. SOS clients were significantly less likely to be arrested (0%) or rehospitalized (5...
May 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Frank S Pezzella, Matthew D Fetzer
In 2009, President Barack Obama signed the Mathew Sheppard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Protection act and thereby extended the list of previously protected classes of victims from actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, disability and sex orientation to gender and gender identity. Over 45 states, the District of Columbia and the federal government now include hate crime statutes that increase penalties when offenders perpetrate hate crimes against protected classes of victims. Penalty enhancement statutes sanction unlawful bias conduct arguably because they result in more severe injuries relative to non-bias conduct...
June 18, 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jill D Stinson, Judith V Becker, Lee Ann McVay
Emerging research highlights the role of self-regulation in the treatment of sexual offenders. Safe Offender Strategies (SOS) is a manualized sex offender treatment program that emphasizes the role of self-regulation and self-regulatory skills development in sex offender treatment, particularly for offenders with serious mental illness and intellectual/developmental disabilities. The current study involves 156 adult male sexual offenders in an inpatient psychiatric setting who received SOS treatment for a period ranging from 6 months to 1 year...
February 19, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Phillip L Marotta
This article reviews evaluation studies of programs designed to treat sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1994 and 2014. The design of this study is mirrored after PRISMA (Preferred Reporting of Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) recommendations for conducting a systematic literature review. The study design, study setting, characteristics of participants, type of treatment, and intervention procedures comprise areas of focus for evaluating the implementation of treatment programs...
February 9, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Stephen F Walker, P Raymond Joslyn, Timothy R Vollmer, Astrid Hall
Previous research that has evaluated the ability of sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID) to suppress sexual arousal has produced mixed results. The current study had 2 purposes: (a) to replicate prior research on arousal suppression by sex offenders with ID and (b) to evaluate whether it is possible for offenders with ID to maintain arousal to nondeviant stimuli while suppressing arousal to deviant stimuli. Both participants were successful in suppressing arousal to deviant stimuli, and 1 participant was successful in maintaining arousal to nondeviant stimuli while suppressing arousal to deviant stimuli...
2014: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Ibrahim Sadik Elgendy, Nermeen Adly Hassan
Child sexual abuse has gained public attention and has become 1 of the most high-profile crimes. This study aimed to determine the demographic and medicolegal aspects of child sexual abuse in greater Cairo, Egypt. This is a retrospective study from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2011. Data were collected from a Cairo medicolegal department and were statistically analyzed. The total number of cases was 1832 victims; 57.9% were males and 42.1% were females. Most assaults occurred in 2010 (16.2%) and 2011 (17...
December 2013: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
José L González, Jacobo Cendra, Antonio L Manzanero
Improving interventions with victims and offenders with disabilities requires analysis of the degree of prevalence of crimes in which these people are involved. For this purpose, data regarding interventions made by the Spanish Civil Guard between 2008 and 2010, in which 2099 people had some kind of disability, have been collected and analyzed, with particular regard to criminal offenses (felonies and/or misdemeanors). In this study, the relationship between the types of disability a person has and other variables like their connection to the incident, their gender, age, the relationship between victim and perpetrator, and the time and place of the events were all taken into consideration...
November 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Kathryn M Heaton, Glynis H Murphy
BACKGROUND: There have been a number of studies of treatment for men with intellectual disabilities and sexually abusive behaviour but few follow-up studies. Our aim was to follow up men with intellectual disabilities who had attended group cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) for sexually abusive behaviour. METHOD: Thirty-four men (from seven treatment sites) were followed up. All had attended SOTSEC-ID groups. The mean length of follow-up, since the end of the treatment group, was 44 months (SD 28...
September 2013: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
David J Vinkers
BACKGROUND: Intellectually disabled offenders may have different characteristics than offenders with average intellectual functioning. We therefore compared pre-trial reported defendants with an IQ score ≤70, 71-84 and ≥85 points. METHODS: Nationwide database of pre-trial psychiatric reports requested by Dutch courts between 2000 and 2006 with a reported level of intellectual functioning (n = 12 186). RESULTS: Defendants with an IQ score between 71 and 84 (n = 2 439 reports; 20...
September 2013: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
K J H M van den Bogaard, P J C M Embregts, A H C Hendriks, M Heestermans
Sexually offensive behavior is prevalent among individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and many sex offenders also commit other offenses such as vandalism or assault. We examined the differences between sex offenders with ID and a history of combined sex and other types of offenses (mixed sex offenders) versus offenders with no history of sexual offenses (non-sex offenders). Dynamic client and environmental factors were measured using the Adult Behaviour Checklist (ABCL) and the Risk Inventarization Scale on Sexually Offensive Behavior of Clients with intellectual disabilities (RISC-V)...
October 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
William R Lindsay, Lesley Steptoe, Lisa Wallace, Fabian Haut, Eleanor Brewster
BACKGROUND: Since the middle of the 20th century, there have been several heterogeneous studies of recidivism by offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID) who have been in specialist mental health services after an index offence. Although some were long term, as befits a chronically needy group, laws and services have changed in that time. It may no longer be appropriate to rely on findings from the 1960s and 1970s. AIMS: To compare mental health presentations and recidivism between male sex offenders, men convicted of other offences and female offenders from a 1986-2008 cohort of offenders referred to specialist forensic ID services in Scotland...
April 2013: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
William R Lindsay, Amanda M Michie
The field of sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has attracted a significant amount of research in the last 5 to 10 years. This research has included theoretical work on the reasons why men with IDD might engage in problematic sexual behaviours, work on the assessment of risk for future incidents, research investigating the pathways into and through services for sex offenders with IDD and a considerable amount of work developing and evaluating effective treatments. This paper will review the recent research on each of these areas in turn...
April 2013: Current Psychiatry Reports
A Hollomotz
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, disability activists and scholars have developed research paradigms that aim to place (some of the) control over the research process in the hands of disabled people. This paper discusses the appropriateness of applying such paradigms to sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID). It exposes to what extent current research about this population is affected by these developments. METHODS: A content analysis of a sample of 80 articles across 20 academic journals was carried out...
February 2014: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
W R Lindsay, A J Holland, D Carson, J L Taylor, G O'Brien, L Steptoe, J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Research has shown for some time that addressing criminogenic need is one of the crucial aspects of reducing reoffending in all types of offenders. Criminogenic need such as anger or inappropriate sexual interest is considered to be crucial in the commission of the offence. The aim of the present study is to investigate the extent to which forensic services address the needs of those accepted into services. METHOD: This study reviews the treatment for 197 offenders with intellectual disability accepted into a range of services...
February 2013: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Daljit K Sandhu, John Rose, Helen J Rostill-Brookes, Su Thrift
BACKGROUND: This study explores the emotional challenges faced by staff working on a sex offender treatment programme for people with an intellectual disability. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with eight participants working on a treatment programme for sex offenders with an intellectual disability. Interviews were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS: Staff experienced a range of negative emotions that they dealt with in a variety of ways including through the use of humour and various emotional defences...
July 2012: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Yona Lunsky, Poonam Raina, Jessica Jones
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and legal involvement are a unique population with complex needs. To date, there has been limited research exploring the demographic and clinical profiles of individuals with ID and legal involvement that are in crisis and how they differ to individuals with ID without legal involvement. METHOD: 130 adults with ID and a history of legal involvement were compared to 617 without legal involvement who had experienced at least one crisis in terms of crisis presentation and outcome...
June 2012: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability
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