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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650619/nursing-role-in-well-child-care-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jolanda Turley, Jaclyn Vanek, Sharon Johnston, Doug Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare well-child care (WCC) in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK), focusing on the role of nurses and their interactions with other primary care providers in order to derive relevant lessons for Canada's interprofessional primary care teams. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched broadly using the search terms well child care, nursing role, and delivery of care and other synonymous terms. In addition, Google Scholar was used to search for gray literature, and reference mining revealed a few other relevant articles...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623512/incorporating-promis-symptom-measures-into-primary-care-practice-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Kurt Kroenke, Tasneem L Talib, Timothy E Stump, Jacob Kean, David A Haggstrom, Paige DeChant, Kittie R Lake, Madison Stout, Patrick O Monahan
BACKGROUND: Symptoms account for more than 400 million clinic visits annually in the USA. The SPADE symptoms (sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue) are particularly prevalent and undertreated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of providing PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcome Measure Information System) symptom scores to clinicians on symptom outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial conducted from March 2015 through May 2016 in general internal medicine and family practice clinics in an academic healthcare system...
April 5, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611865/patient-experience-in-primary-care-association-with-patient-physician-and-practice-characteristics-in-a-fee-for-service-system
#3
Christine Cohidon, Pascal Wild, Nicolas Senn
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays we typically use patient experience as a quality of care indicator, although this has some limitations. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent patient, physician and practice characteristics were associated with patient-reported experience of care in the major dimensions in family medicine in a fee-for-service system. METHODS: The data came from the Swiss part of the Quality and Costs of Primary Care (QUALICOPC) study, an international cross-sectional survey...
April 3, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608082/clinician-barriers-to-initiating-sexual-health-conversations-with-breast-cancer-survivors-the-influence-of-assumptions-and-situational-constraints
#4
Mollie Rose Canzona, Christy J W Ledford, Carla L Fisher, David Garcia, Meghan Raleigh, Virginia B Kalish
INTRODUCTION: Sexual health (SH) is an important dimension of physical, emotional, and social functioning after breast cancer (BC). Research suggests that survivors' SH concerns are not being adequately addressed in oncology or primary care settings. It is important to understand why these conversations are not taking place and what can be done to enhance care for women in this context. This research aims to identify when clinicians initiate SH conversations with survivors and to uncover factors that influence these decisions...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607495/acupuncture-for-acute-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Mangmang Xu, Dan Li, Shihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Sensory stimulation via acupuncture has been reported to alter activities of numerous neural systems by activating multiple efferent pathways. Acupuncture, one of the main physical therapies in Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been widely used to treat patients with stroke for over hundreds of years. This is the first update of the Cochrane Review originally published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acupuncture could reduce the proportion of people with death or dependency, while improving quality of life, after acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605272/title-impact-of-ambiguous-and-restrictive-regulations-on-opioid-prescribing-practice-in-georgia
#6
Pati Dzotsenidze, Tamar Lekashvili, Nino Chikhladze, Maka Jorbenadze, Ioseb Abesadze, Dimitri Kordzaia
CONTEXT: Chronic pain management with opioids in incurable patients remains a challenge of modern medicine regardless of the evidence-based effectiveness of opioids and recommendations of authorities such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Narcotics Control Board (INCB). Many countries, including Georgia, maintain overly restrictive regulations that contribute to inadequate pain management. OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to pain management in Georgia caused by legislation, administrative issues and physicians' lack of knowledge and understanding of legislative aspects governing opioid use, and their impact on opioid-prescribing practice...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594191/nutrition-education-in-internal-medicine-residency-programs-and-predictors-of-residents-dietary-counseling-practices
#7
Stutee Khandelwal, Sarah E Zemore, Anke Hemmerling
Background: Although physicians are expected to provide dietary counseling for patients with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and obesity, nutrition education in graduate medical education remains limited. Few studies have recently examined nutrition education and dietary counseling practices in Internal Medicine (IM) residency training. Objectives: To conduct a contemporary assessment of outpatient nutrition education in IM residency programs in the United States, identify predictors of residents' dietary counseling practices for CV risk factors, and identify barriers for educators in providing nutrition education and barriers for residents in counseling patients...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587353/implementation-of-a-medication-reconciliation-process-in-an-internal-medicine-clinic-at-an-academic-medical-center
#8
Kathryn M Holt, Amy N Thompson
Discrepancies in medication orders at transitions of care have been shown to affect patient outcomes in a negative way. The Joint Commission recognizes the importance of medication reconciliation through their National Patient Safety Goals, with an emphasis placed on maintaining accurate medication information for each patient. The primary objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of implementing a medication reconciliation process in an internal medicine clinic at an academic medical center. A retrospective chart review of patients seen at an Internal Medicine Clinic within and Academic Medical Center, a continuity and teaching clinic for Internal Medicine residents and faculty practice clinic, was conducted...
March 24, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582950/-hadassah-medical-organization-a-pioneer-in-population-health
#9
REVIEW
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Hagai Levine, Avi Israeli, Ora Paltiel
Population health is a term encompassing "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group." Only recently have hospitals viewed themselves as focal points for promoting health in a community, involving themselves with population health. Hadassah Medical Organization (HMO), however, has been in the business of population health since its founding. Its early programs, promoting and delivering nutritional support, maternal-child health and other services to the Yishuv's inhabitants, showed that the HMO defined its community broadly...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579571/identifying-reliable-predictors-of-protein-energy-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-frail-older-adults-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#10
Gianfranco Sanson, Luca Bertocchi, Eugenia Dal Bo, Carmen Luisa Di Pasquale, Michela Zanetti
BACKGROUND: Decreased food intake is a risk factor for relevant complications (e.g. infections, pressure ulcers), longer hospital stays, higher readmission rates, greater health care costs and increased patient mortality, particularly in frail hospitalized older adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. Nurses are called to improve this criticality, starting from accurately identify patients for malnutrition at hospital admission and effectively monitoring their food intake...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578865/evaluating-physician-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-herpes-zoster-vaccination
#11
Edmund Tsui, Colleen Gillespie, Michael Perskin, Sondra Zabar, Mengfei Wu, Elisabeth J Cohen
PURPOSE: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns of primary care physicians regarding administration of the herpes zoster (HZ) vaccine at NYU Langone Health (NYULH). METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed from January to March 2017 to all physicians in the Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Innovation at NYULH across 5 different practice settings. RESULTS: The response rate was 26% (138 of 530)...
March 23, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578857/interest-in-prescribing-buprenorphine-among-resident-and-attending-physicians-at-an-urban-teaching-clinic
#12
Jocelyn R James, Leah M Gordon, Jared W Klein, Joseph O Merrill, Judith I Tsui
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorders are a major medical and public health concern. Buprenorphine is approved for the treatment of opioid use disorders; however, a shortage of physicians prescribing buprenorphine is a significant barrier to treatment access. The aims of this study were to evaluate opinions of internal medicine attending and resident physicians about buprenorphine and assess interest in becoming waivered to prescribe. METHODS: Internal medicine resident and attending physicians at a primary care clinic in a large academic hospital were invited to complete surveys...
March 26, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574601/headache-and-its-management-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Farhat Husain, Gabriel Pardo, Meheroz Rabadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to discuss the prevalence, impact, pathophysiology, and treatment of headaches (H/As) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). RECENT FINDINGS: Headaches and multiple sclerosis are more common in women than in men with the ratio of female to male being 3:1. It is not entirely clear if there is a correlation or an incidental comorbidity of two neurological conditions. A review of the literature shows a variable prevalence of H/As in MS patients...
March 24, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565105/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-4-history-of-the-specialty-where-prm-comes-from
#14
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine and consequent survivals from wars, accidents and/or big infective epidemics (like polio); these evolutions happened in strict relationship with other specialties like cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, pneumology, rheumatology, traumatology, creating a knowledge transversal to all of them...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561192/provider-practice-habits-and-barriers-to-care-in-obesity-management-in-a-large-multicenter-health-system
#15
Rebecca Simon, Sharon W Lahiri
OBJECTIVE: To identify provider recommendations and barriers in obesity management in a multicenter academic health system with extensive weight-loss management resources. METHODS: A 26-question online survey was sent to attending physicians, trainees, and advanced practice providers in primary care specialties (internal medicine, family medicine, women's health) and endocrinology. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 26% (111/430). Of respondents, 50% were internal medicine, 24% family medicine, 16% women's health, and 9% endocrinology...
March 21, 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560408/postoperative-prophylactic-antibiotics-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#16
Adolph J Yates
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recently released their 2017 Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection. One of their recommendations is the ordering of a single dose of preoperative prophylactic antibiotics with no subsequent postoperative dosing; this recommendation includes perioperative antibiotics for patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty. At this time, the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) does not agree with this recommendation vis-a-vis total joint arthroplasty because it contradicts current international standards of care with limited evidence and study...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560068/evaluation-of-a-novel-handoff-communication-strategy-for-patients-admitted-from-the-emergency-department
#17
Christopher J Smith, Russell J Buzalko, Nathan Anderson, Joel Michalski, Jordan Warchol, Stephen Ducey, Chad E Branecki
Introduction: Miscommunication during inter-unit handoffs between emergency and internal medicine physicians may jeopardize patient safety. Our goal was to evaluate the impact of a structured communication strategy on the quality of admission handoffs. Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods, pre-test/post-test study at a 560-bed academic health center with 60,000 emergency department (ED) patient visits per year. Admission-handoff best practices were integrated into a modified SBAR format, resulting in the Situation, Background, Assessment, Responsibilities & Risk, Discussion & Disposition, Read-back & Record (SBAR-DR) model...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559873/physician-body-mass-index-and-bias-toward-obesity-documentation-patterns
#18
Andrew C Berry, Nicholas A Berry, Travis S Myers, Joseph Reznicek, Bruce B Berry
Background: Many healthcare professionals consider obese individuals to be unmotivated and to lack the willpower to follow through with weight-loss plans. This attitude may result in less effort put into diagnosing, documenting, and treating obesity. Our aim was to assess documentation patterns of obesity and hypertension overall, by primary care specialty, and in relation to provider body mass index (BMI). Methods: Twenty-two physicians from one outpatient community practice were included: 10 internal medicine and 12 family practice practitioners...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557719/education-outcomes-in-a-duty-hour-flexibility-trial-in-internal-medicine
#19
Sanjay V Desai, David A Asch, Lisa M Bellini, Krisda H Chaiyachati, Manqing Liu, Alice L Sternberg, James Tonascia, Alyssa M Yeager, Jeremy M Asch, Joel T Katz, Mathias Basner, David W Bates, Karl Y Bilimoria, David F Dinges, Orit Even-Shoshan, David M Shade, Jeffrey H Silber, Dylan S Small, Kevin G Volpp, Judy A Shea
Background Concern persists that inflexible duty-hour rules in medical residency programs may adversely affect the training of physicians. Methods We randomly assigned 63 internal medicine residency programs in the United States to be governed by standard duty-hour policies of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) or by more flexible policies that did not specify limits on shift length or mandatory time off between shifts. Measures of educational experience included observations of the activities of interns (first-year residents), surveys of trainees (both interns and residents) and faculty, and intern examination scores...
March 20, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550461/british-society-for-sexual-medicine-guidelines-on-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-2017
#20
REVIEW
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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