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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#1
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822980/principal-component-analysis-of-socioeconomic-factors-and-their-association-with-malaria-and-arbovirus-risk-in-tanzania-a-sensitivity-analysis
#2
Esha Homenauth, Debora Kajeguka, Manisha A Kulkarni
Principal component analysis (PCA) is frequently adopted for creating socioeconomic proxies in order to investigate the independent effects of wealth on disease status. The guidelines and methods for the creation of these proxies are well described and validated. The Demographic and Health Survey, World Health Survey and the Living Standards Measurement Survey are examples of large data sets that use PCA to create wealth indices particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where quantifying wealth-disease associations is problematic due to the unavailability of reliable income and expenditure data...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#3
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822712/socioeconomic-inequality-in-childhood-obesity-and-its-determinants-in-iran-a-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition
#4
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Sheidaei, Saeid Safiri, Nastaran Hajizadeh, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Hamid Asayesh, Morteza Mansourian
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has become a priority health concern worldwide. Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of its main determinants. This study aimed to assess the socioeconomic inequality of obesity in children and adolescents at national and provincial levels in Iran. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011-2012, as part of a national school-based surveillance program performed in 40,000 students, aged 6-18-years, from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran...
August 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822645/diphtheria-vaccine-who-position-paper-august-2017-recommendations
#5
World Health Organization
This article presents the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations on the use of diphtheria vaccines excerpted from the Diphtheria vaccines: WHO position paper, August 2017, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record (Diphtheria vaccine, 2017) [1]. This position paper replaces the 2006 WHO position paper on diphtheria vaccine (Diphtheria vaccine, 2006) [2]. The position paper incorporates recent evidence on diphtheria and provides revised recommendations on the optimal number of doses and timing of diphtheria vaccination...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822238/the-environmental-injustice-of-beauty-framing-chemical%C3%A2-exposures-from-beauty-products-as-a-health%C3%A2-disparities-concern
#6
Ami R Zota, Bhavna Shamasunder
The obstetrics-gynecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognize that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use is an understudied source of environmental chemical exposures. Beauty products can include reproductive and developmental toxicants such as phthalates and heavy metals; however, disclosure requirements are limited and inconsistent...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822055/social-inequalities-in-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-the-generation-r-study
#7
Lea Kragt, Eppo B Wolvius, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
PURPOSE: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is the most important patient-reported outcome measure in oral health research. The purpose of the present research was to study the association of family socioeconomic position (SEP) with children's OHRQoL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. For the present study, OHRQoL was assessed of 3871 ten-year old children...
August 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822005/a-supply-model-for-nurse-workforce-projection-in-malaysia
#8
Zuraida Abal Abas, Mohamad Raziff Ramli, Mohamad Ishak Desa, Nordin Saleh, Ainul Nadziha Hanafiah, Nuraini Aziz, Zaheera Zainal Abidin, Abdul Samad Shibghatullah, Ahmad Fadzli Nizam Abdul Rahman, Haslinda Musa
The paper aims to provide an insight into the significance of having a simulation model to forecast the supply of registered nurses for health workforce planning policy using System Dynamics. A model is highly in demand to predict the workforce demand for nurses in the future, which it supports for complete development of a needs-based nurse workforce projection using Malaysia as a case study. The supply model consists of three sub-models to forecast the number of registered nurses for the next 15 years: training model, population model and Full Time Equivalent (FTE) model...
August 18, 2017: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821893/benefits-of-population-segmentation-analysis-for-developing-health-policy-to-promote-patient-centred-care
#9
Jia Loon Chong, David B Matchar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821637/ensuring-due-process-in-the-iacuc-and-animal-welfare-setting-considerations-in-developing-noncompliance-policies-and-procedures-for-institutional-animal-care-and-use-committees-and-institutional-officials
#10
REVIEW
Barbara C Hansen, Sylvia Gografe, Stacy Pritt, Kai-Lin Catherine Jen, Camille A McWhirter, Susan M Barman, Anthony Comuzzie, Molly Greene, Justin A McNulty, Daniel Eugene Michele, Naz Moaddab, Randall J Nelson, Karen Norris, Karen D Uray, Ron Banks, Karin N Westlund, Bill J Yates, Jerald Silverman, Kenneth D Hansen, Barbara Redman
Every institution that is involved in research with animals is expected to have in place policies and procedures for the management of allegations of noncompliance with the Animal Welfare Act and the U.S. Public Health Service Policy on the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. We present here a model set of recommendations for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials to ensure appropriate consideration of allegations of noncompliance with federal Animal Welfare Act regulations that carry a significant risk or specific threat to animal welfare...
August 15, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821421/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-with-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-patients
#11
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Rita I Henderson, Michael E Green, Kristen M Jacklin, Leah M Walker, Betty Calam
OBJECTIVES: The perspectives of physicians caring for Indigenous patients with diabetes offer important insights into the provision of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to describe Canadian physicians' perspectives on diabetes care of Indigenous patients, a preliminary step in developing a continuing medical education intervention described elsewhere. METHODS: Through in-depth semistructured interviews, Canadian family physicians and specialists with sizeable proportions of Indigenous clientele shared their experiences of working with Indigenous patients who have type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821275/socio-ecological-perspective-of-older-age-life-expectancy-income-gender-inequality-and-financial-crisis-in-europe
#12
Jong In Kim, Gukbin Kim
BACKGROUND: Population is aging rapidly in Europe. Older age life expectancy (OLE) can be influenced by country-level depth of credit information (DCI) as an indicator of financial crisis, gross national income (GNI) per capita, and gender inequality index (GII). These factors are key indicators of socio-ecological inequality. They can be used to develop strategies to reduce country-level health disparity. The objective of this study was to confirm the relationship between socio-ecological factors and OLE in Europe...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821264/impact-of-early-initiation-versus-national-standard-of-care-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-swaziland-s-public-sector-health-system-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomized-trial
#13
Fiona J Walsh, Till Bärnighausen, Wim Delva, Yvette Fleming, Gavin Khumalo, Charlotte L Lejeune, Sikhathele Mazibuko, Charmaine Khudzie Mlambo, Ria Reis, Donna Spiegelman, Mandisa Zwane, Velephi Okello
BACKGROUND: There is robust clinical evidence to support offering early access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) to all HIV-positive individuals, irrespective of disease stage, to both improve patient health outcomes and reduce HIV incidence. However, as the global treatment guidelines shift to meet this evidence, it is still largely unknown if early access to ART for all (also referred to as "treatment as prevention" or "universal test and treat") is a feasible intervention in the resource-limited countries where this approach could have the biggest impact on the course of the HIV epidemics...
August 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821263/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-to-map-evidence-from-randomised-controlled-trials-on-paediatric-eye-disease-to-disease-burden
#14
Lucinda J Teoh, Ameenat L Solebo, Jugnoo S Rahi
BACKGROUND: Currently, about 2 per 1000 children in the industrialised world are severely visually impaired or blind (SVI/BL) due to diverse uncommon conditions that are usually present from early infancy. The impact of SVI/BL is lifelong and life-changing. Thus, children are a priority in the WHO-led global initiative against avoidable blindness. The aim of this scoping review is to assess the current evidence base on interventions to prevent or treat the major causes of childhood SVI/BL, specifically the degree of alignment between robust interventional research (RCTs) and the burden (relative frequency) of the key causative disorders, identifying gaps in the evidence base for tackling childhood blindness...
August 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821220/exploring-meaning-and-types-of-trust-in-maternity-care-in-peri-urban-kenya-a-qualitative-cross-perspective-analysis
#15
Pooja Sripad, Sachiko Ozawa, Maria W Merritt, Larissa Jennings, Deanna Kerrigan, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, Charlotte E Warren
Trust offers a distinctive lens on facility responsiveness during labor and birth. Though acknowledged in prior literature, limited work exists linking conceptual and empirical spheres. This study explores trust in the maternity setting in Kenya through a theoretically driven qualitative approach. Focus groups ( n = 8, N = 70) with women who recently gave birth (WRB), pregnant women, and male partners, and in-depth-interviews ( n = 33) with WRB, frontline providers, and management, were conducted in and around a peri-urban public hospital...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820896/a-strategy-for-scaling-up-access-to-comprehensive-care-in-adults-with-chagas-disease-in-endemic-countries-the-bolivian-chagas-platform
#16
Maria-Jesus Pinazo, Jimy Pinto, Lourdes Ortiz, Jareth Sánchez, Wilson García, Ruth Saravia, Mirko-R Cortez, Silvia Moriana, Enric Grau, Daniel Lozano, Joaquim Gascon, Faustino Torrico
BACKGROUND: Bolivia has the highest prevalence of Chagas disease (CD) in the world (6.1%), with more than 607,186 people with Trypanosoma cruzi infection, most of them adults. In Bolivia CD has been declared a national priority. In 2009, the Chagas National Program (ChNP) had neither a protocol nor a clear directive for diagnosis and treatment of adults. Although programs had been implemented for congenital transmission and for acute cases, adults remained uncovered. Moreover, health professionals were not aware of treatment recommendations aimed at this population, and research on CD was limited; it was difficult to increase awareness of the disease, understand the challenges it presented, and adapt strategies to cope with it...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820705/the-impact-of-introducing-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-on-fever-case-management-a-synthesis-of-ten-studies-from-the-act-consortium
#17
Katia J Bruxvoort, Baptiste Leurent, Clare I R Chandler, Evelyn K Ansah, Frank Baiden, Anders Björkman, Helen E D Burchett, Sîan E Clarke, Bonnie Cundill, Debora D DiLiberto, Kristina Elfving, Catherine Goodman, Kristian S Hansen, S Patrick Kachur, Sham Lal, David G Lalloo, Toby Leslie, Pascal Magnussen, Lindsay Mangham-Jefferies, Andreas Mårtensson, Ismail Mayan, Anthony K Mbonye, Mwinyi I Msellem, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Mark W Rowland, Delér Shakely, Sarah G Staedke, Lasse S Vestergaard, Jayne Webster, Christopher J M Whitty, Virginia L Wiseman, Shunmay Yeung, David Schellenberg, Heidi Hopkins
Since 2010, the World Health Organization has been recommending that all suspected cases of malaria be confirmed with parasite-based diagnosis before treatment. These guidelines represent a paradigm shift away from presumptive antimalarial treatment of fever. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) are central to implementing this policy, intended to target artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) to patients with confirmed malaria and to improve management of patients with nonmalarial fevers. The ACT Consortium conducted ten linked studies, eight in sub-Saharan Africa and two in Afghanistan, to evaluate the impact of mRDT introduction on case management across settings that vary in malaria endemicity and healthcare provider type...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820670/a-retrospective-look-at-the-experience-of-parental-incarceration-and-family-reentry-during-adolescence
#18
Carrie Jefferson Smith, Diane S Young
Few studies provide firsthand experiences of parental incarceration in adolescents' own voices. Fourteen young men and women retrospectively shared their experiences of parental incarceration and family reentry during adolescence. Individual interviews focused on the following qualitative research questions: (1) What is the experience of parental incarceration and reentry for adolescents? (2) How does the child-parent relationship change from pre- to postincarceration? Relationships with incarcerated parents tended toward estrangement...
August 18, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#19
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820508/complementary-medicine-and-the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-an-acute-care-hospital-the-gap-between-attitudes-and-practice
#20
Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon-Moshe, Eran Ben-Arye
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe hospital nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding complementary medicine (CM); to compare the knowledge and attitudes of nurse managers to staff nurses with diverse oncology experience; and to assess attitudes toward integrating CM into the role of the hospital oncology nurse. 
. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Rambam Health Care Campus in northern Israel.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 434 hospital nurses with varied oncology experience...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
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