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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#1
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245020/killing-two-birds-with-one-stone-association-between-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption
#2
REVIEW
A M Reis, C Quintal, Ó Lourenço
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption are addictive behaviours, listed among the 10 leading risk factors that cause death and disability in the world, and health consequences are greater if their consumption is combined. There is sparse empirical evidence on the variables that influence the simultaneous consumption of tobacco and alcohol. This study aims to identify the variables that influence the joint decision to consume alcohol and tobacco, and that encourage drinkers to smoke...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244991/cancer-trends-in-mexico-essential-data-for-the-creation-and-follow-up-of-public-policies
#3
Alejandro Mohar-Betancourt, Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Daniel Armas-Texta, Cristina Gutiérrez-Delgado, Juan A Torres-Domínguez
Purpose Cancer in a country like Mexico is a challenge for the current health system and for public health. However, the statistics about cancer in Mexico are scarce, so epidemiologic surveillance needs to be improved. The objectives of this article were to describe the extent of cancer and to estimate the national burden of cancer through 2020. Materials and Methods To meet this objective, an analysis of secondary official sources was performed. The cancer cases through 2020 were estimated on the basis of trends in mortality and the projection of incident cases reported by GLOBOCAN...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244862/application-of-system-dynamics-and-participatory-spatial-group-model-building-in-animal-health-a-case-study-of-east-coast-fever-interventions-in-lundazi-and-monze-districts-of-zambia
#4
Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Magda Rich, Karl M Rich
East Coast Fever (ECF) is the most economically important production disease among traditional beef cattle farmers in Zambia. Despite the disease control efforts by the government, donors, and farmers, ECF cases are increasing. Why does ECF oscillate over time? Can alternative approaches such as systems thinking contribute solutions to the complex ECF problem, avoid unintended consequences, and achieve sustainable results? To answer these research questions and inform the design and implementation of ECF interventions, we qualitatively investigated the influence of dynamic socio-economic, cultural, and ecological factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244811/impact-of-increased-influenza-vaccination-in-2-3-year-old-children-on-disease-burden-within-the-general-population-a-bayesian-model-based-approach
#5
Sankarasubramanian Rajaram, Witold Wiecek, Richard Lawson, Betina T Blak, Yanli Zhao, Judith Hackett, Robert Brody, Vishal Patel, Billy Amzal
INTRODUCTION: During the 2013-2014 influenza season, Public Health England extended routine influenza vaccination to all 2- and 3-year-old children in England. To estimate the impact of this change in policy on influenza-related morbidity and mortality, we developed a disease transmission and surveillance model informed by real-world data. METHODS: We combined real-world and literature data sources to construct a model of influenza transmission and surveillance in England...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244107/the-importance-of-gender-analysis-in-research-for-health-systems-strengthening
#6
Sally Theobald, Rosemary Morgan, Kate Hawkins, Sarah Ssali, Asha George, Sassy Molyneux
This editorial discusses a collection of papers examining gender across a range of health policy and systems contexts, from access to services, governance, health financing, and human resources for health. The papers interrogate differing health issues and core health systems functions using a gender lens. Together they produce new knowledge on the multiple impacts of gender on health experiences and demonstrate the importance of gender analyses and gender sensitive interventions for promoting well-being and health systems strengthening...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243941/critical-success-factors-in-implementing-an-e-rostering-system-in-a-healthcare-organisation
#7
Zahoor A Soomro, Javed Ahmed, Raza Muhammad, Dawn Hayes, Mahmood H Shah
Effective and efficient staff scheduling has always been a challenging issue, especially in health service organisations. Both the extremes of staff shortage and overage have an adverse impact on the performance of healthcare organisations. In this case, an electronic and systematic staff scheduling (e-rostering) system is the often seen as the best solution. Unless an organisation has an effective implementation of such a system, possible cost savings, efficiency, and benefits could be minimal. This study is aimed to research key success factors for the successful effective implementation of an electronic rostering system, especially at healthcare organisations...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243882/mental-health-nurses-as-therapists-in-a-rehabilitation-setting-a-phenomenological-study
#8
Graeme Browne, John Hurley
Mental Health Nurses have a long tradition of delivering talk-based interventions across a range of clinical settings. Despite this, Mental Health Nurses receive limited recognition of this contribution. This paper presents findings from a study that explored Mental Health Nurses' experience of delivering talk-based therapies in an inpatient rehabilitation setting. This study uses semistructured interviews and a phenomenological approach to explore eight Mental Health Nurses' experience. Themes emerging included that: mental health nursing is a talk-based therapy in its own right, talk-based therapy was part of everyday nursing care on the floor and integrated talk-based therapy enhanced recovery opportunities for consumers...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243830/proceedings-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-s-public-workshop-on-new-red-blood-cell-product-regulatory-science-2016
#9
Jaroslav G Vostal, Paul W Buehler, Monique P Gelderman, Abdu I Alayash, Alan Doctor, James C Zimring, Simone A Glynn, John R Hess, Harvey Klein, Jason P Acker, Philip C Spinella, Angelo D'Alessandro, Bernhard Palsson, Thomas J Raife, Michael P Busch, Timothy J McMahon, Marcos Intaglietta, Harold M Swartz, Michael A Dubick, Sylvain Cardin, Rakesh P Patel, Charles Natanson, John W Weisel, Jennifer A Muszynski, Philip J Norris, Paul M Ness
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held a workshop on red blood cell (RBC) product regulatory science on October 6 and 7, 2016, at the Natcher Conference Center on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Campus in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH; the Department of Defense; the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Department of Health and Human Services; and the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA. The workshop reviewed the status and scientific basis of the current regulatory framework and the available scientific tools to expand it to evaluate innovative and future RBC transfusion products...
December 15, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243561/patient-safety-communication-among-differently-educated-nurses-converging-and-diverging-meaning-systems
#10
Allison Brandt Anbari, Amy Vogelsmeier, Debbie S Dougherty
Studies that suggest an increased number of bachelor's prepared nurses (BSNs) at the bedside improves patient safety do not stratify their samples into traditional bachelor's and associates (ADN) to BSN graduates. This qualitative study investigated potential differences in patient safety meaning among BSNs and ADN to BSN graduates. Guided by the theory of Language Convergence/Meaning Divergence, interview data from eight BSN and eight ADN to BSN graduates were analyzed. Findings indicate there are two meaning levels or systems, the local level and the systemic level...
December 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243555/philanthropy-and-the-nation-state-in-global-health-the-gates-foundation-in-india
#11
Manjari Mahajan
In recent years, philanthropic actors such as the Gates Foundation have been understood as commanding sweeping influence in global health. They have been associated with the outsourcing of public health services, shifting of policy priorities, and the eventual sidelining of national governments. This article makes a different argument about the impact of global philanthropic actors. It focuses on the work of the Gates Foundation in India over the last decade and a half, tracing how the foundation initially circumvented the national government but then moved on to a discourse of partnership...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243512/the-relationship-between-hospital-construction-and-high-risk-infant-auditory-function-at-nicu-discharge-a-retrospective-descriptive-cohort-study
#12
Valerie Willis
PURPOSE: To describe the difference in auditory function at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between high-risk infant cases exposed to hospital construction during NICU stay and those not exposed. BACKGROUND: Noise produced by routine NICU caregiving exceeds recommended intensity. As California hospitals undergo construction to meet seismic safety regulations, vulnerable neonates are potentially exposed to even higher levels of noise. Ramifications are unknown...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243398/venous-leg-ulcer-management-in-clinical-practice-in-the-uk-costs-and-outcomes
#13
Julian F Guest, Graham W Fuller, Peter Vowden
The aim of this study was to estimate the patterns of care and annual levels of health care resource use attributable to managing venous leg ulcers (VLUs) in clinical practice by the UK's National Health Service (NHS) and the associated costs of patient management. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 505 patients in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) Database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health care resource use were quantified, and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2015/2016 prices...
December 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243364/perceived-needs-of-carers-of-people-with-psychosis-an-australian-longitudinal-population-based-study-of-caregivers-of-people-with-psychotic-disorders
#14
Abner Weng Cheong Poon, Lynette Joubert, Carol Harvey
Studies have documented the perceived needs of carers of people with psychosis but most recruitment has utilised convenience sampling resulting in limited understanding of carers' needs. This longitudinal study was conducted within the second Australian prevalence study of psychosis, aiming to obtain generalisable findings regarding perceived needs of carers of people with psychosis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 98 carers of people with psychosis recruited in the Australian prevalence study of psychosis...
December 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243351/is-it-cost-effective-to-provide-internet-based-interventions-to-complement-the-current-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-in-the-netherlands-an-analysis-based-on-the-equiptmod
#15
Kei-Long Cheung, Ben F M Wijnen, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Subhash Pokhrel, Hein de Vries, Maximilian Präger, Silvia M A A Evers
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The cost-effectiveness of internet-based smoking cessation interventions is difficult to determine when they are provided as a complement to current smoking cessation services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of such an alternate package compared with existing smoking cessation services alone (current package). METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify internet-based smoking cessation interventions in the Netherlands...
December 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243305/opioid-analgesic-dose-and-the-risk-of-misuse-overdose-and-death-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
David Tyler Coyle, Chih-Ying Pratt, Josephine Ocran-Appiah, Alex Secora, Cynthia Kornegay, Judy Staffa
PURPOSE: Despite the rise in serious adverse events paralleling increased prescription opioid analgesic use in the United States over the past 2 decades, the association between opioid analgesic dose and the risk of serious adverse health outcomes is incompletely characterized. We sought to synthesize the medical literature for observational studies examining the association between opioid analgesic dose and the risk of serious adverse health outcomes, with particular attention to the outcomes of misuse, abuse, addiction, overdose, and death...
December 15, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243016/health-status-and-experience-of-the-migrant-workers-returned-from-spain-to-colombia-a-qualitative-approach
#17
Carolina Zapata-Villa, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Doris Cardona-Arango, Elena Ronda-Pérez
This study aims to understand the migratory experience and the employment, work and health conditions of the returned migrants from Spain to Colombia. A qualitative study was conducted by means of 23 semi-structured interviews with Colombian returned migrant workers. Qualitative narrative content analysis was performed using Atlas.Ti software. Main findings are represented by nine categories emerged from the participants' discourses: (1) impact of the economic crisis on work and employment conditions in Spain, (2) economic crisis and return, (3) characteristics of returnees, (4) perception of the returnees about Colombia, (5) the role of social support networks, (6) employment and working conditions in Colombia, (7) health and wellbeing, (8) future plans and expectations, (9) the experience of being immigrant...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242928/association-of-sex-with-the-global-burden-of-cataract
#18
Lixia Lou, Xin Ye, Peifang Xu, Jingyi Wang, Yufeng Xu, Kai Jin, Juan Ye
Importance: Eye disease burden could help guide health policy making. Differences in cataract burden by sex is a major concern of reducing avoidable blindness caused by cataract. Objective: To investigate the association of sex with the global burden of cataract by year, age, and socioeconomic status using disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Design, Setting, and Participants: This international, comparative burden-of-disease study extracted the global, regional, and national sex-specific DALY numbers, crude DALY rates, and age-standardized DALY rates caused by cataract by year and age from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242705/workplace-policies-and-mental-health-among-working-class-new-parents
#19
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, JuliAnna Z Smith, Lauren Page Wadsworth, Hillary Paul Halpern
Little research has explored linkages between workplace policies and mental health in working-class, employed parents, creating a gap in our knowledge of work-family issues across social class levels. The current U.S. study addresses this gap by employing hierarchical linear modeling techniques to examine how workplace policies and parental leave benefits predicted parents' depressive symptoms and anxiety in a sample of 125, low-income, dual-earner couples interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Descriptive analyses revealed that, on average, parents had few workplace policies, such as schedule flexibility or child care supports, available to them...
2017: Community, Work & Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242138/a-high-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-among-university-students-in-appalachia-reflects-a-need-for-educational-interventions-and-policy-advocacy
#20
Laura Helena McArthur, Lanae Ball, Ariel C Danek, Donald Holbert
OBJECTIVES: To measure prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among college students in Appalachia, compare food-insecure and food-secure students on correlates, and identify predictor variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online questionnaire. SETTING: University in Appalachia. PARTICIPANTS: Nonprobability, random sample of 1,093 students (317 male [30.1%]; 723 females [68.4%]). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Food insecurity, coping strategies, money expenditure, academic progress, and demographics...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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