keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#1
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#2
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735163/multidimensional-human-capital-formation-in-a-developing-country-health-cognition-and-locus-of-control-in-the-philippines
#3
Kira M Villa
Economic success depends on multiple human capital stocks whose production is interrelated and occurs over many life stages. Yet, much empirical work fails to account for human capital's multidimensional nature and limits its focus to specific childhood stages. Using longitudinal data from the Philippines, I estimate a model of multidimensional human capital formation from birth through adulthood where health, cognitive, and noncognitive dimensions are jointly produced. I examine during which developmental stages parental investment is most influential and address the endogeneity of investment using a policy function where investment depends on child characteristics, exogenous conditions at birth and local prices...
July 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734964/removing-user-fees-for-health-services-a-multi-epistemological-perspective-on-access-inequities-in-senegal
#4
Philipa Mladovsky, Maymouna Ba
Plan Sésame (PS) is a user fee exemption policy launched in 2006 to provide free access to health services to Senegalese citizens aged 60 and over. Analysis of a large household survey evaluating PS echoes findings of other studies showing that user fee removal can be highly inequitable. 34 semi-structured interviews and 19 focus group discussions with people aged 60 and over were conducted in four regions in Senegal (Dakar, Diourbel, Matam and Tambacounda) over a period of six months during 2012. They were analysed to identify underlying causes of exclusion from/inclusion in PS and triangulated with the household survey...
July 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734770/when-did-old-age-stop-being-depressing-depression-trajectories-of-older-americans-and-britons-2002-2012
#5
Gindo Tampubolon, Asri Maharani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the implications of the heterogeneous cohort composition on depression trajectories of older adults in the United States and England. METHODS: Using growth curve models to identify depressive symptom trajectories and data spanning six waves over 10 years (2002-2012) from the U.S. Health Retirement Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, community-dwelling Americans and Britons aged 50 years and older were studied...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734682/how-have-systematic-priority-setting-approaches-influenced-policy-making-a-synthesis-of-the-current-literature
#6
REVIEW
Lydia Kapiriri, Donya Razavi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature on systematic approaches to healthcare priority setting from various countries and different levels of decision making. This paper synthesizes the current literature in order to assess the extent to which program budgeting and marginal analysis (PBMA), burden of disease & cost-effectiveness analysis (BOD/CEA), multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), and accountability for reasonableness (A4R), are reported to have been institutionalized and influenced policy making and practice...
July 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734586/the-citizen-participation-and-practice-of%C3%A2-health-and-medical-policy-making
#7
Tzu-Yu Kao, Yin-Wen Lu, Tzu-Hsueh Sung, Chih-Ching Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734507/child-health-and-survival-in-a-changing-world
#8
REVIEW
Donna M Denno, Shadae L Paul
Ninety-nine percent of the 5.9 million annual child deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. Undernutrition underlies 45% of deaths. Determinants include access to care, maternal education, and absolute and relative poverty. Socio-political-economic factors and policies tremendously influence health and their determinants. Most deaths can be prevented with interventions that are currently available and recommended for widespread implementation. Millennium Development Goal 4 was not achieved. Sustainable Development Goal 3...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734126/german-estsmoke-estimating-adult-smoking-related-costs-and-consequences-of-smoking-cessation-for-germany
#9
Diana Sonntag, Simon Gilbody, Winkler Volker, Shehzad Ali
AIMS: We compared predicted lifetime health care costs for current, never and ex-smokers in Germany under the current set of tobacco control polices. We compared these economic consequences of the current situation with an alternative in which Germany were to implement more comprehensive tobacco control policies consistent with the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) guidelines. DESIGN: German EstSmoke, an adapted version of the UK EstSmoke simulation model, applies the Markov modelling approach...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733859/the-past-and-future-in-understanding-the-health-risks-of-and-responses-to-climate-variability-and-change
#10
Kristie L Ebi, Jeremy J Hess
Climate change and health was established as a formal field of endeavor in the early 1990s, with the number of publications increasing since the mid-2000s. The key findings in assessment reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 1995, 2001, 2007, and 2014 indicate the progress in understanding the magnitude and pattern of the health risks of a changing climate. The assessments maintained a similar structure, focusing on assessing the state of knowledge of individual climate-sensitive health outcomes, with confidence in the key findings tending to increase over time with greater understanding...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733768/estimates-of-health-utility-scores-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Nigar Sekercioglu, Bryan Curtis, Sean Murphy, Gord Blackhouse, Brendan Barrett
INTRODUCTION: Coverage decisions in publicly funded healthcare systems require a formal, systematic and transparent assessment process for policies related to distribution of resources. The process is complex and employs multiple types of information, such as clinical effectiveness, costs and health utility scores which are used to produce quality-adjusted life years. The purpose of this study was to create health utility scores for CKD patients within the Canadian population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of CKD patients...
July 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733299/robot-assisted-surgery-in-a-broader-healthcare-perspective-a-difference-in-difference-based-cost-analysis-of-a-national-prostatectomy-cohort
#12
Vibe Bolvig Hyldgård, Karin Rosenkilde Laursen, Johan Poulsen, Rikke Søgaard
OBJECTIVE: To estimate costs attributable to robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) as compared with open prostatectomy (OP) and laparoscopic prostatectomies (LP) in a National Health Service perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Register-based cohort study of 4309 consecutive patients who underwent prostatectomy from 2006 to 2013 (2241 RALP, 1818 OP and 250 LP). Patients were followed from 12 months before to 12 months after prostatectomy with respect to service use in primary care (general practitioners, therapists, specialists etc) and hospitals (inpatient and outpatient activity related to prostatectomy and comorbidity)...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733097/injectable-naltrexone-oral-naltrexone-and-buprenorphine-utilization-and-discontinuation-among-individuals-treated-for-opioid-use-disorder-in-a-united-states-commercially-insured-population
#13
Jake R Morgan, Bruce R Schackman, Jared A Leff, Benjamin P Linas, Alexander Y Walley
We investigated prescribing patterns for five opioid use disorder (OUD) medications: 1) injectable naltrexone, 2) oral naltrexone, 3) sublingual or oralmucosal buprenorphine/naloxone, 4) sublingual buprenorphine, and 5) transdermal buprenorphine in a nationally representative claims-based database (Truven Health MarketScan®) of commercially insured individuals in the United States. We calculated the prevalence of OUD in the database for each year from 2010 to 2014 and the proportion of diagnosed patient months on OUD medication...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733068/effects-of-eu-harmonization-policies-on-national-public-supervision-of-clinical-trials-a-dynamic-cycle-of-institutional-change-and-institutional-work
#14
Jacqueline C F van Oijen, Kor J Grit, Hester M van de Bovenkamp, Roland A Bal
BACKGROUND: The EU Clinical Trials Directive (EUCTD) and the EU Clinical Trials Regulation aim to harmonize good clinical practice (GCP) of clinical trials across Member States. Using the Netherlands as a case study, this paper analyzes how endeavours to implement the EUCTD set in motion a dynamic process of institutional change and institutional work. This process lead to substantial differences between policy and actual practice; therefore, it is important to learn more about the implementation of harmonization policies...
June 30, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732323/evaluation-of-an-online-training-for-improving-self-reported-evidence-based-decision-making-skills-in-cancer-control-among-public-health-professionals
#15
A B Morshed, P Ballew, M B Elliott, D Haire-Joshu, M W Kreuter, R C Brownson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the effect of the online evidence-based cancer control (EBCC) training on improving the self-reported evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) skills in cancer control among Nebraska public health professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional group comparison. METHODS: Previously developed EBDM measures were administered via online surveys to 201 public health professionals at baseline (comparison group) and 123 professionals who took part in the training...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732319/did-the-dependent-coverage-expansion-increase-risky-substance-use-among-young-adults
#16
Joshua Breslau, Hao Yu, Bing Han, Rosalie L Pacula, Rachel M Burns, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: The dependent coverage expansion (DCE) enacted through the Affordable Care Act increased health insurance coverage among young adults. Increasing insurance coverage in this age group has the potential for unintended consequences on risky substance use. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were used to compare change in substance use during the period the DCE was implemented in the 19-25year old target age group (Pre-DCE n=15,772, Post-DCE n=22,719) with contemporaneous change in a slightly older age group that was not targeted by the policy (Pre-DCE=19,851, Post-DCE n=28,157)...
July 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#17
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732238/community-action-for-health-in-india-s-national-rural-health-mission-one-policy-many-paths
#18
Rakhal Gaitonde, Miguel San Sebastian, V R Muraleedharan, Anna-Karin Hurtig
Community participation as a strategy for health system strengthening and accountability is an almost ubiquitous policy prescription. In 2005, with the election of a new Government in India, the National Rural Health Mission was launched. This was aimed at 'architectural correction' of the health care system, and enshrined 'communitization' as one of its pillars. The mission also provided unique policy spaces and opportunity structures that enabled civil society groups to attempt to bring on to the policy agenda as well as implement a more collective action and social justice based approach to community based accountability...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732237/decentralization-of-health-care-systems-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-a-natural-experiment
#19
Dolores Jiménez-Rubio, Pilar García-Gómez
While many countries worldwide are shifting responsibilities for their health systems to local levels of government, there is to date insufficient evidence about the potential impact of these policy reforms. We estimate the impact of decentralization of the health services on infant and neonatal mortality using a natural experiment: the devolution of health care decision making powers to Spanish regions. The devolution was implemented gradually and asymmetrically over a twenty-year period (1981-2002). The order in which the regions were decentralized was driven by political factors and hence can be considered exogenous to health outcomes...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731912/assessing-infant-and-maternal-readiness-for-newborn-discharge
#20
Ling Jing, Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Thomas McDonagh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review highlights the shift from prescribed length of stay (LOS) to mother-infant dyad readiness as the basis for making discharge decisions for healthy term newborns. We describe the components of readiness that should be considered in making the decision, focusing on infant clinical readiness, and maternal and familial readiness. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the Newborns' and Mothers' Health Protection Act of 1996 aimed to protect infants and mothers by establishing a minimum LOS, the American Academy of Pediatrics 2015 policy on newborn discharge acknowledges the shift from LOS-based to readiness-based discharge decision-making...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
5396
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"