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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#1
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668070/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-a-flexible-office-based-workplace-employee-perceptions-and-priorities-for-change
#2
Heidi M Olsen, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Nicola W Burton
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Many Australian employees now regularly work from home in some capacity. This new way of working has not been widely studied in relation to the potential implications for employees' health-related behaviour or workplace health promotion. The aim of this study was to explore office-based employees' perceptions of the impact of flexible work on physical activity and sedentary behaviour; and preferences for associated interventions. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted with office-based employees (n=28) six months after the introduction of a flexible work policy...
April 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667864/exploring-nurse-leaders-policy-participation-within-the-context-of-a-nursing-conceptual-framework
#3
Ashley Waddell, Jeffrey M Adams, Jacqueline Fawcett
This study was designed to describe and quantify the experiences of nurse leaders working to influence policy and to build consensus for priority skills and knowledge useful in policy efforts within the context of a nursing conceptual framework. The conceptual model for nursing and health policy and the Adams influence model were combined into a conceptual framework used to guide this two-round modified Delphi study. Twenty-two nurse leaders who were members of a state action coalition participated in the Round 1 focus group; 15 of these leaders completed the Round 2 electronic survey...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667770/the-dynamic-relationships-between-economic-status-and-health-measures-among-working-age-adults-in-the-united-states
#4
Abdulkarim M Meraya, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Xi Tan, Kim Innes, Sophie Mitra, Usha Sambamoorthi
We examine the dynamic relationships between economic status and health measures using data from 8 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 to 2013. Health measures are self-rated health (SRH) and functional limitations; economic status measures are labor income (earnings), family income, and net wealth. We use 3 different types of models: (a) ordinary least squares regression, (b) first-difference, and (c) system-generalized method of moment (GMM). Using ordinary least squares regression and first difference models, we find that higher levels of economic status are associated with better SRH and functional status among both men and women, although declines in income and wealth are associated with a decline in health for men only...
April 18, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667643/risk-factors-associated-with-needlestick-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#5
Hala Marawan Gabr, Aziza Saad El-Badry, Faten Ezzelarab Younis
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at high risk of job-related blood-borne diseases due to needlestick injuries (NSIs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors associated with NSIs among health care workers in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2260 health care workers of 4 randomly chosen hospitals in Menoufia governorate. Using a predesigned data collection sheet, all staff members were asked about the occurrence of NSIs in the previous 3 months...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667567/cardiovascular-health-and-cognitive-function-among-mexican-older-adults-cross-sectional-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health
#6
Jaime Perales, Ladson Hinton, Jeffrey Burns, Eric D Vidoni
ABSTRACTObjectives:To assess the association between cardiovascular health and cognitive function among Mexican older adults. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Households in Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 50 years and older (n = 1,492) from the Mexico-SAGE project Wave 1. MEASUREMENTS: A continuous and a categorical index of cardiovascular health was calculated based on exercise, smoking, body mass index, and blood pressure ranging from 0 to 4...
April 18, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667292/sharing-power-in-criminal-justice-the-potential-of-co-production-for-offenders-experiencing-mental-health-and-addictions-in-new-zealand
#7
Katey Thom, Dave Burnside
Co-production has begun to make inroads into research, policy, and practice in mental health and addictions. Little is known, however, about the role co-production has or could have in shaping how the criminal justice system responds to mental health and addictions. Given that a large majority of prisoners in Aotearoa New Zealand have been diagnosed with either a mental health or substance use disorder within their lifetime, it is imperative alternative approaches are considered if we are to reduce the high imprisonment rates and contribute positively to health, safety, and well-being of all New Zealanders...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667210/pastoral-power-and-the-promotion-of-self-care
#8
Lorelei Jones
In many countries government policy is becoming increasingly reliant on citizens taking greater responsibility for their health and wellbeing and limiting their consumption of public services. In this paper I develop Foucauldian perspectives on the work required to create and maintain responsibilised subjects, focusing on the role of 'pastors' - specialists, experts and therapists who promote desirable subjectivities (Waring and Latif ). Drawing from ethnographic research, I consider how government policies for the promotion of self-care within the English healthcare system not only place increased emphasis on patients taking responsibility for their own health and wellbeing, but also seek to constitute new pastoral subjectivities as responsible for conducting the conduct of patients...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667158/obesity-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-canada-shifting-paradigms-and-putting-people-first
#9
REVIEW
Arya M Sharma, Ximena Ramos Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review public and private sector obesity policies in Canada and to make recommendations for future evidence-based obesity prevention and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of obesity prevention and management policies and research studies are presented in three primary themes: (1) Increased awareness about the impact of weight bias and obesity stigma in Canada; (2) Inadequate government obesity prevention and management policies and strategies; and (3) Lack of comprehensive private sector obesity prevention and management policies...
April 17, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666145/development-of-sustainable-community-paramedicine-programmes-a-case-study-in-pennsylvania
#10
Yuan-Han Huang, Linlin Ma, Luke A Sabljak, Zachary A Puhala
BACKGROUND: Community paramedicine (CP) models have been applied across rural and urban communities in support of healthcare delivery systems for nearly two decades. However, there is still insufficient information regarding the development of sustainable CP programmes. This study explores the strategies used by active CP programmes and investigates their operational statuses, community demographics, financial models and challenges for programme development. METHODS: A series of interviews was conducted with four CP programmes in Pennsylvania, USA, which are affiliated with a local government, a health system, an ambulance service and an emergency medical service, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#11
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#12
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665809/generating-evidence-for-health-policy-in-challenging-settings-lessons-learned-from-four-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-implementation-research-studies-in-nigeria
#13
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Muktar H Aliyu, Olusegun A Adeyemi, Frank Oronsaye, Bolanle Oyeledun, Amaka G Ogidi, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Implementation research (IR) facilitates health systems strengthening and optimal patient outcomes by generating evidence for scale-up of efficacious strategies in context. Thus, difficulties in generating IR evidence, particularly in limited-resource settings with wide disease prevention and treatment gaps, need to be anticipated and addressed. Nigeria is a priority country for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This paper analyses the experiences of four PMTCT IR studies in Nigeria, and proffers solutions to major challenges encountered during implementation...
April 17, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665802/an-observational-study-of-immigrant-mortality-differences-in-norway-by-reason-for-migration-length-of-stay-and-characteristics-of-sending-countries
#14
Astri Syse, Minja T Dzamarija, Bernadette N Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of mortality differentials in immigrant groups depending on their reason for migration, length of stay in host countries and characteristics of sending countries may be beneficial for policy interventions aimed to improve various immigrant groups' health and welfare. METHODS: We employed discrete-time hazard regression models with time-varying covariates to compare the death risk of immigrants to those of Norwegian-born natives using linked register data on the Norwegian population aged 25-79 during 1990-2015...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665724/the-promise-of-complementarity-using-the-methods-of-foresight-for-health-workforce-planning
#15
Gareth H Rees, Peter Crampton, Robin Gauld, Stephen MacDonell
Health workforce planning aims to meet a health system's needs with a sustainable and fit-for-purpose workforce, although its efficacy is reduced in conditions of uncertainty. This PhD breakthrough article offers foresight as a means of addressing this uncertainty and models its complementarity in the context of the health workforce planning problem. The article summarises the findings of a two-case multi-phase mixed method study that incorporates actor analysis, scenario development and policy Delphi. This reveals a few dominant actors of considerable influence who are in conflict over a few critical workforce issues...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665622/existing-regulatory-approaches-to-reducing-exposures-to-chemical-and-product-based-risk-and-their-applicability-to-diet-related-chronic-disease
#16
Deborah A Cohen, Debra S Knopman
We aimed to identify and categorize the types of policies that have been adopted to protect Americans from harmful exposures that could also be relevant for addressing diet-related chronic diseases. This article examines and categorizes the rationales behind government regulation. Our interest in the historical analysis is to inform judgments about how best to address newly emergent risks involving diet-related chronic disease within existing regulatory and information-based frameworks. We assessed exemplars of regulation with respect to harmful exposures from air, water, and food, as well as regulations that are intended to modify voluntary behaviors...
April 17, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665180/does-the-earned-income-tax-credit-increase-children-s-weight-the-impact-of-policy-driven-income-on-childhood-obesity
#17
Young Jo
I exploit substantial increases in the earned income tax credit to study how a policy-driven change in family income affects childhood obesity. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, my difference-in-differences estimates indicate that the probability of being obese increased by 3 percentage points among children whose families experienced a greater income shock. A further investigation suggests that a reduction in maternal time with children played a greater role in children's weight gain than income...
April 17, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665078/traditional-and-modern-contraceptive-method-use-in-the-philippines-trends-and-determinants-2003-2013
#18
Maria Paz Marquez, Maria Midea Kabamalan, Elma Laguna
This study examines recent levels, patterns, and determinants of traditional contraceptive method use, based on pooled data from the 2003, 2008, and 2013 Philippines Demographic and Health Surveys. Most contraceptive users in the Philippines rely on modern methods, but over the past ten years traditional method use has continued to account for about a third of all contraceptive use. Results show women in 2003 and 2008 were more likely to use periodic abstinence (rhythm) over modern methods compared with women in 2013, while withdrawal rather than modern methods was preferred more by women in 2013 than in 2003...
April 17, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#19
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664951/universal-versus-conditional-day-3-follow-up-for-children-with-non-severe-unclassified-fever-at-the-community-level-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cluster-randomized-community-based-non-inferiority-trial
#20
Luke C Mullany, Elburg W van Boetzelaer, Julie R Gutman, Laura C Steinhardt, Pascal Ngoy, Yolanda Barbera Lainez, Alison Wittcoff, Steven A Harvey, Lara S Ho
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization's integrated community case management (iCCM) guidelines recommend that all children presenting with uncomplicated fever and no danger signs return for follow-up on day 3 following the initial consultation on day 1. Such fevers often resolve rapidly, however, and previous studies suggest that expectant home care for uncomplicated fever can be safely recommended. We aimed to determine if a conditional follow-up visit was non-inferior to a universal follow-up visit for these children...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
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