keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV mother to child transmission

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334711/-serologic-surveillance-indicators-analysis-among-syphilis-infected-pregnant-women-in-east-china
#1
L X Dou, Q Wang, X Y Wang, Y P Qiao, M Su, X Jin, A L Wang
Objective: To analyze serologic surveillance indicators during pregnancy among syphilis-infected women who delivered in 2013 in East China. Methods: Data were from national 'Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV, syphilis and HBV Management' and in total 5 206 syphilis-infected pregnant women who delivered in 2013 and in East China were involved in the analysis. Information on demographic characters, laboratory tests, and treatment regimens were collected. The maternal non-treponemal testing surveillance and titer distribution were described and compare the proportions between pregnant women receiving standard testing and non-standard testing, taking baseline testing and testing before delivery or at the third trimester...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332236/child-desire-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-the-traditional-culture-of-vietnam
#2
Bach Xuan Tran, Ha Dai Duong, Anh Quynh Nguyen, Linh Dieu Pham, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A Latkin
In various settings, heterogeneity in fertility rates among HIV-affected couples highlights the importance of understanding contextual factors to inform program planning and implementation. We interviewed 1016 patients with HIV/AIDS at seven clinics in Vietnam to assess their desire to have a(nother) child and willingness to pay (WTP) for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services. One-fifth of participants reported their desire for a(another) child and this was slightly higher among men than women...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329386/the-role-of-service-readiness-and-health-care-facility-factors-in-attrition-from-option-b-in-haiti-a-joint-examination-of-electronic-medical-records-and-service-provision-assessment-survey-data
#3
Lauren Lipira, Christopher Kemp, Jean Wysler Domercant, Jean Guy Honoré, Kesner Francois, Nancy Puttkammer
Background: Option B+ is a strategy wherein pregnant or breastfeeding women with HIV are enrolled in lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. In Haiti, attrition from Option B+ is problematic and variable across health care facilities. This study explores service readiness and other facility factors as predictors of Option B+ attrition in Haiti. Methods: This analysis used longitudinal data from 2012 to 2014 from the iSanté electronic medical record system and cross-sectional data from Haiti's 2013 Service Provision Assessment...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325561/workforce-patterns-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-a-qualitative-model
#4
Brianne H Rowan, Julia Robinson, Adam Granato, Claire Konan Bla, Seydou Kouyaté, Guy Vincent Djety, Kouamé Abo, Ahoua Koné, Stephen Gloyd
BACKGROUND: Côte d'Ivoire continues to struggle with one of the highest rates of mother-to-child HIV transmission in West Africa, previously thought to be in part due to suboptimal workforce patterns. This study aimed to understand the process through which workforce patterns impact prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) program success, from the perspective of healthcare workers in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A total of 142 semi-structured interviews were conducted with physicians, midwives, nurses, community counselors, social workers, pharmacists, management personnel and health aides from a nationally representative sample of 48 PMTCT sites across Côte d'Ivoire...
January 11, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321026/lay-health-worker-experiences-administering-a-multi-level-combination-intervention-to-improve-pmtct-retention
#5
Abby DiCarlo, Ruby Fayorsey, Masila Syengo, Duncan Chege, Martin Sirengo, William Reidy, Juliana Otieno, Jackton Omoto, Mark P Hawken, Elaine J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The recent scale-up of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services has rapidly accelerated antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake among pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. The Mother and Infant Retention for Health (MIR4Health) study evaluates the impact of a combination intervention administered by trained lay health workers to decrease attrition among HIV-positive women initiating PMTCT services and their infants through 6 months postpartum...
January 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315112/what-is-new-in-perinatal-hiv-prevention
#6
Mary G Fowler, Patricia Flynn, Jim Aizire
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe recent clinical trial, laboratory and observational findings that highlight both the progress that can be achieved in elimination of new pediatric infections in international clinical trial settings among HIV-infected breastfeeding women while also describing recent safety concerns related to currently used antiretroviral regimens. The article will also address the ongoing adherence challenges for HIV-infected mothers in taking their antiretroviral drugs...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304083/combined-evaluation-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-and-infant-hiv-transmission
#7
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Nava Yeganeh, Margaret Camarca, Mariza G Morgado, D Heather Watts, Lynne M Mofenson, Valdilea G Veloso, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Mariana Ceriotto, Daisy Maria Machado, Yvonne J Bryson, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jack Moye, Jeffrey D Klausner, Claire C Bristow, Ruth Dickover, Mark Mirochnick, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Treponema pallidum (TP), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) may lead to adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. The role of combined maternal STIs in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) was evaluated in mother-infant pairs from NICHD HPTN 040. METHODOLOGY: Urine samples from HIV-infected pregnant women during labor were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for CT, NG, and CMV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302843/a-bayesian-analysis-of-prenatal-maternal-factors-predicting-nonadherence-to-infant-hiv-medication-in-south-africa
#8
R R Cook, K Peltzer, S M Weiss, V J Rodriguez, D L Jones
While efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV been successful in some districts in South Africa, rates remain unacceptably high in others. This study utilized Bayesian logistic regression to examine maternal-level predictors of adherence to infant nevirapine prophylaxis, including intimate partner violence, maternal adherence, HIV serostatus disclosure reaction, recency of HIV diagnosis, and depression. Women (N = 303) were assessed during pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Maternal adherence to antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy predicted an 80% reduction in the odds of infant nonadherence [OR 0...
January 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302524/prevalence-of-hiv-infection-in-pregnant-women-in-mumbai-india-experience-from-1993-2004-and-2008
#9
Ira Shah, Mamatha Lala, Kaizad Damania
Aim: Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in India is of great concern, especially to prevent HIV in children. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is the most common cause of transmission of HIV in children. Prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women in India has ranged from 0.7% to 1.2%. Thus, estimating prevalence of HIV in pregnant women would aid in developing and prioritizing prevention of parent-to-child transmission of HIV programs. Materials and Methods: All pregnant women referred to the antenatal clinic from 1993 onward were tested for HIV infection by ELISA test after pretest counseling...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302327/uptake-and-predictors-of-early-postnatal-follow-up-care-amongst-mother-baby-pairs-in-south-africa-results-from-three-population-based-surveys-2010-2013
#10
Anna Larsen, Mireille Cheyip, Getahun Aynalem, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Nobubelo Ngandu, Witness Chirinda, Mary Mogashoa, Gupreet Kindra, Carl Lombard, Ameena Goga
Background: Achieving World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for postnatal care (PNC) within the first few weeks of life is vital to eliminating early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) and improving infant health. Almost half of the annual global deaths among children under five occur during the first six weeks of life. This study aims to identify uptake of three PNC visits within the first six weeks of life as recommended by WHO among South African mother-infant pairs, and factors associated with uptake...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302320/knowledge-about-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-its-prevention-and-associated-factors-among-ethiopian-women
#11
Tegene Regassa Luba, Zhanchun Feng, Simon Afewerki Gebremedhin, Asfaw N Erena, Abdulsalam Ma Nasser, Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang
Background: Poor awareness and knowledge of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT),that accounts for over 90% of new HIV infections among children, might contribute to the HIV epidemics. In Ethiopia, 898 400 children are orphaned due to HIV and AIDS and 200 300 were living with HIV in 2013. The main objective of this study was to examine the knowledge of MTCT of HIV, its prevention (PMTCT) and associated factors among Ethiopian women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 16 515 women from the Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS) 2011...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302179/where-public-health-meets-human-rights-integrating-human-rights-into-the-validation-of-the-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-syphilis
#12
Eszter Kismödi, Karusa Kiragu, Olga Sawicki, Sally Smith, Sophie Brion, Aditi Sharma, Lilian Mworeko, Alexandrina Iovita
In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a process for validation of the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis by countries. For the first time in such a process for the validation of disease elimination, WHO introduced norms and approaches that are grounded in human rights, gender equality, and community engagement. This human rights-based validation process can serve as a key opportunity to enhance accountability for human rights protection by evaluating EMTCT programs against human rights norms and standards, including in relation to gender equality and by ensuring the provision of discrimination-free quality services...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301007/low-birth-weight-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-uninfected-infants-in-bronx-new-york
#13
Jasmeen S Dara, David B Hanna, Kathryn Anastos, Rodney Wright, Betsy C Herold
Background: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been highly successful. However, HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants might be at increased risk for low birth weight and/or preterm birth. We compared the birth weights and gestational ages of HIV-EU infants to those of HIV-unexposed control infants in Bronx, New York, an epicenter of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Methods: This study was performed with a retrospective cohort of HIV-EU infants born at Montefiore Medical Center between 2008 and 2012 and HIV-unexposed control infants...
December 30, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287029/retention-in-hiv-care-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period-in-the-option-b-era-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-in-africa
#14
Brandon A Knettel, Cody Cichowitz, James Samwel Ngocho, Elizabeth T Knippler, Lilian N Chumba, Blandina T Mmbaga, Melissa H Watt
BACKGROUND: Under Option B+ guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), pregnant and breastfeeding women initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) for lifelong use. The objectives of this study were: 1) to synthesize data on retention in care over time in Option B+ programs in Africa, and 2) to identify factors associated with retention in care. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and African Index Medicus were systematically searched from January 2012 to June 2017...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283274/using-an-innovative-telehealth-model-to-support-community-providers-who-deliver-perinatal-hiv-care
#15
Tara E Ness, Mary F Annese, Natalia Martinez-Paz, Kenton T Unruh, John D Scott, Brian R Wood
Mountain West AETC (AIDS Education and Training Center) ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a longitudinal HIV telemen-toring program, connects community providers and a multidisciplinary specialist team at the University of Washington. The program employs focused lectures and real-time case discussions to educate and support providers in low-resource and rural settings. We assessed the impact of the program on management of perinatal HIV through surveying community providers who participate, and reviewing cases presented by providers for consultation...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282882/recent-progress-in-immune-based-interventions-to-prevent-hiv-1-transmission-to-children
#16
Yegor Voronin, Ilesh Jani, Barney S Graham, Coleen K Cunningham, Lynne M Mofenson, Philippa M Musoke, Sallie R Permar, Gabriella Scarlatti
Globally, 150,000 new paediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections occurred in 2015. There remain complex challenges to the global elimination of paediatric HIV-1 infection. Thus, for the global community to achieve elimination of new paediatric HIV-1 infections, innovative approaches need to be explored. Immune-based approaches to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) may help fill some of the remaining gaps and provide new opportunities to achieve an AIDS-free generation. Immune-based interventions to prevent MTCT of HIV-1 may include paediatric HIV vaccines and passive immunization approaches...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248014/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lay-health-worker-support-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-pmtct-in-south-africa
#17
Karl Peltzer, Stephen M Weiss, Manasi Soni, Tae Kyoung Lee, Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan Cook, Maria Luisa Alcaide, Geoffrey Setswe, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the impact of clinic-based PMTCT community support by trained lay health workers in addition to standard clinical care on PMTCT infant outcomes. METHODS: In a cluster randomized controlled trial, twelve community health centers (CHCs) in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, were randomized to have pregnant women living with HIV receive either: a standard care (SC) condition plus time-equivalent attention-control on disease prevention (SC; 6 CHCs; n  = 357), or an enhanced intervention (EI) condition of SC PMTCT plus the "Protect Your Family" intervention (EI; 6 CHCs; n  = 342)...
December 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242711/effect-of-point-of-care-diagnostics-on-maternal-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Rebecca L Morgan, Benn Sartorius, Brittany Dennis, Paul K Drain, Lehana Thabane
Introduction: The World Health Organization advocates for increased accessibility of HIV-related point-of-care (POC) diagnostics in settings that lack laboratory infrastructure. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of POC diagnostics on maternal health outcomes in HIV-infected women. Methods: A systematic literature review used multiple data sources as follows: Cochrane Infectious Disease Group Specialized Register; Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials, published in The Cochrane Library; PubMed; EBSCOhost and LILACS from January 2000 to October 2015...
June 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239901/prevention-of-hiv-1-transmission-through-breastfeeding-efficacy-and-safety-of-maternal-antiretroviral-therapy-versus-infant-nevirapine-prophylaxis-for-duration-of-breastfeeding-in-hiv-1-infected-women-with-high-cd4-cell-count-impaact-promise-a-randomized-open
#19
Patricia M Flynn, Taha E Taha, Mae Cababasay, Mary Glenn Fowler, Lynne M Mofenson, Maxensia Owor, Susan Fiscus, Lynda Stranix-Chibanda, Anna Coutsoudis, Devasena Gnanashanmugam, Nahida Chakhtoura, Katie McCarthy, Cornelius Mukuzunga, Bonus Makanani, Dhayendre Moodley, Teacler Nematadzira, Bangini Kusakara, Sandesh Patil, Tichaona Vhembo, Raziya Bobat, Blandina T Mmbaga, Maysseb Masenya, Mandisa Nyati, Gerhard Theron, Helen Mulenga, Kevin Butler, David E Shapiro
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen sites in sub-Saharan Africa and India. METHODS: A randomized, open label strategy trial was conducted in HIV-1-infected women with CD4 counts >350 cells/mm (or >country-specific ART threshold if higher) and their breastfeeding HIV-1-uninfected newborns...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239073/knowledge-perception-access-and-utilisation-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-communities-of-osogbo-town-nigeria
#20
Adekemi E Olowokere, Oluyemi A Adelakun, Abiola O Komolafe
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge, perception, access and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing among pregnant women from rural communities in Nigeria. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary health care facilities in rural communities of Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: Three-hundred pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in primary health care facilities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Knowledge of HIV counselling and testing, perception of HIV counselling and testing, utilisation of HIV counselling and testing and barriers associated with HIV counselling and testing utilisation...
December 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
keyword
keyword
53950
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"