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Bastian Kaiser, Martina Böttner, Thilo Wedel, Ronald M Brunner, Tom Goldammer, Szilvia Lesko, Gotthold Gäbel, Alexander Gleich, Helga Pfannkuche
Continuous cell lines have become indispensable tools that have enabled investigations into cellular mechanisms by increasing experimental reproducibility and sample availability, and decreasing the use of experimental animals. To facilitate studies of epithelial barrier function of the porcine colon, we aimed to establish an epithelial cell line with an extended replicative capacity. Cells were isolated from the proximal colon of a 3-week-old piglet and transduced using a recombinant retroviral vector construct containing the simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40 TAg)...
January 5, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Yvonn Heun, Staffan Hildebrand, Alexandra Heidsieck, Bernhard Gleich, Martina Anton, Joachim Pircher, Andrea Ribeiro, Olga Mykhaylyk, Dietmar Eberbeck, Daniela Wenzel, Alexander Pfeifer, Markus Woernle, Florian Krötz, Ulrich Pohl, Hanna Mannell
In the field of vascular gene therapy, targeting systems are promising advancements to improve site-specificity of gene delivery. Here, we studied whether incorporation of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) with different magnetic properties into ultrasound sensitive microbubbles may represent an efficient way to enable gene targeting in the vascular system after systemic application. Thus, we associated novel silicon oxide-coated magnetic nanoparticle containing microbubbles (SO-Mag MMB) with lentiviral particles carrying therapeutic genes and determined their physico-chemical as well as biological properties compared to MMB coated with polyethylenimine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (PEI-Mag MMB)...
2017: Theranostics
Brenda Schiltz, Eric Payne, Stephen Gleich, Yves Ouellette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Ameet A Chimote, Peter Hajdu, Alexandros M Sfyris, Brittany N Gleich, Trisha Wise-Draper, Keith A Casper, Laura Conforti
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) are potent mediators of an antitumor response. However, their function is attenuated in solid tumors. CD8(+) T-cell effector functions, such as cytokine and granzyme production, depend on cytoplasmic Ca(2+), which is controlled by ion channels. In particular, Kv1.3 channels regulate the membrane potential and Ca(2+) influx in human effector memory T (TEM) cells. In this study, we assessed the contribution of reduced Kv1.3 and Ca(2+) flux on TIL effector function in head and neck cancer (HNC)...
January 1, 2017: Cancer Research
Cornelia Otto, Bertrand Hirl, Stefan Schweitzer, Sabine Gleich
BACKGROUND: On 4 August 2011 a modification of the infection protection act became law, meaning that antibiotic consumption surveillance and evaluation of data on the local resistance situation became obligatory for hospitals. Four years after the modification of the infection protection act became law, the Munich public health department aimed to evaluate the state of implementation of antibiotic consumption surveillance in Munich hospitals and to ascertain which antibiotic stewardship (ABS) structures have already been established...
December 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Manasi Hulyalkar, Stephen J Gleich, Rahul Kashyap, Amelia Barwise, Harsheen Kaur, Yue Dong, Lei Fan, Srinivas Murthy, Grace M Arteaga, Sandeep Tripathi
Increasing process complexity in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can lead to information overload resulting in missing pertinent information and potential errors during morning rounds. An efficient model using a novel electronic rounding tool was designed as part of a broader critical care decision support system-checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury in pediatrics (CERTAINp). We aimed to evaluate its impact on improving the process of care during rounding. Prospective pre- and post-interventional data included: team performance baseline assessment, patient safety discussion, guideline adherence, rounding time, and a survey of Residents' and Nurses' perception using a Likert scale...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Lydia Romund, Sabrina Golde, Robert C Lorenz, Diana Raufelder, Patricia Pelz, Tobias Gleich, Andreas Heinz, Anne Beck
The formation of a coherent and unified self-concept represents a key developmental stage during adolescence. Imaging studies on self-referential processing in adolescents are rare, and it is not clear whether neural structures involved in self-reflection are also involved in reflections of familiar others. In the current study, 41 adolescents were asked to make judgments about trait adjectives during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): they had to indicate whether the word describes themselves, their friends, their teachers or politicians...
October 11, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Sarah Vosen, Sarah Rieck, Alexandra Heidsieck, Olga Mykhaylyk, Katrin Zimmermann, Christian Plank, Bernhard Gleich, Alexander Pfeifer, Bernd K Fleischmann, Daniela Wenzel
Gene therapy is a promising approach for chronic disorders that require continuous treatment such as cardiovascular disease. Overexpression of vasoprotective genes has generated encouraging results in animal models, but not in clinical trials. One major problem in humans is the delivery of sufficient amounts of genetic vectors to the endothelium which is impeded by blood flow, whereas prolonged stop-flow conditions impose the risk of ischemia. In the current study we have therefore developed a strategy for the efficient circumferential lentiviral gene transfer in the native endothelium under constant flow conditions...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Lydia Romund, Diana Raufelder, Eva Flemming, Robert C Lorenz, Patricia Pelz, Tobias Gleich, Andreas Heinz, Anne Beck
Parenting is an essential factor within a child's development, yet the impact of normative variations of parenting on neural emotion processing has not been studied to date. The present study investigated 83 healthy adolescents using functional magnetic resonance imaging and an emotional face-matching paradigm. The faces paradigm elicited an increased amygdala response towards negative facial expressions (fearful and angry each compared to neutral faces) and a significant activation of fusiform gyrus to all emotions separately (fearful, happy, angry faces) compared to neutral faces...
October 2016: Biological Psychology
Rebecca Boehme, Robert C Lorenz, Tobias Gleich, Lydia Romund, Patricia Pelz, Sabrina Golde, Eva Flemming, Andrew Wold, Lorenz Deserno, Joachim Behr, Diana Raufelder, Andreas Heinz, Anne Beck
Adolescence is a critical maturation period for human cognitive control and executive function. In this study, a large sample of adolescents (n = 85) performed a reversal learning task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. We analyzed behavioral data using a reinforcement learning model to provide individually fitted parameters and imaging data with regard to reward prediction errors (PE). Following a model-based approach, we formed two groups depending on whether individuals tended to update expectations predominantly for the chosen stimulus or also for the unchosen one...
January 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
Elena Eggl, Martin Dierolf, Klaus Achterhold, Christoph Jud, Benedikt Günther, Eva Braig, Bernhard Gleich, Franz Pfeiffer
While large-scale synchrotron sources provide a highly brilliant monochromatic X-ray beam, these X-ray sources are expensive in terms of installation and maintenance, and require large amounts of space due to the size of storage rings for GeV electrons. On the other hand, laboratory X-ray tube sources can easily be implemented in laboratories or hospitals with comparatively little cost, but their performance features a lower brilliance and a polychromatic spectrum creates problems with beam hardening artifacts for imaging experiments...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
Otto Gleich, Philipp Semmler, Jürgen Strutz
The potential contribution of auditory synaptopathy to age dependent hearing loss was studied in groups of young and old gerbils. The analysis of the number of inner hair cell ribbon synapses in aged gerbils (37.9±3.3months of age) revealed only a relatively small (11-17%) loss in the basal two thirds of the cochlea, while a more pronounced reduction was identified towards the apex (almost 40%) when compared to a group of young gerbils (9.5±3.2months of age). Mean threshold elevation in the old gerbils was around 25dB at 2 and 10kHz...
November 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Kerrie Hennigan, Paul J Conroy, Marie-Therese Walsh, Mohamed Amin, Richard O'Kennedy, Patmapriya Ramasamy, Gerald J Gleich, Zeshan Siddiqui, Senan Glynn, Olive McCabe, Catherine Mooney, Brian J Harvey, Richard W Costello, Jean McBryan
Eosinophils account for 1-3% of peripheral blood leukocytes and accumulate at sites of allergic inflammation, where they play a pathogenic role. Studies have shown that treatment with mepolizumab (an anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody) is beneficial to patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, however, the mechanism of precisely how eosinophils mediate these pathogenic effects is uncertain. Eosinophils contain several cationic granule proteins, including Eosinophil Peroxidase (EPO). The main significance of this work is the discovery of EPO as a novel ligand for the HER2 receptor...
October 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Stephen J Gleich, Michael E Nemergut, Anthony A Stans, Dawit T Haile, Scott A Feigal, Angela L Heinrich, Christopher L Bosley, Sandeep Tripathi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ineffective and inefficient patient transfer processes can increase the chance of medical errors. Improvements in such processes are high-priority local institutional and national patient safety goals. At our institution, nonintubated postoperative pediatric patients are first admitted to the postanesthesia care unit before transfer to the PICU. This quality improvement project was designed to improve the patient transfer process from the operating room (OR) to the PICU...
August 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Austin R Benson, David F Gleich, Jure Leskovec
Networks are a fundamental tool for understanding and modeling complex systems in physics, biology, neuroscience, engineering, and social science. Many networks are known to exhibit rich, lower-order connectivity patterns that can be captured at the level of individual nodes and edges. However, higher-order organization of complex networks--at the level of small network subgraphs--remains largely unknown. Here, we develop a generalized framework for clustering networks on the basis of higher-order connectivity patterns...
July 8, 2016: Science
Stephen J Gleich, Kim Strupp, Robert T Wilder, Daryl J Kor, Randall Flick
BACKGROUND: Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare anesthetic pharmacogenetic disorder that can be difficult to detect in its earliest phases. Prompt treatment is known to improve outcomes. The modern anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) collect enormous amounts of data. However, data lack context and are not able to provide real-time guidance. Utilizing our AIMS, we developed the capacity to incorporate decision support. AIMS: We describe the creation and evaluation of a real-time detection tool for MH...
September 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Abhijai Singh, Samaher Hashim, Preetam Bollampally, Mariann Padron Gleich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Sabine Gleich, Stefan Schweitzer, Sibylle Viehöver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Inge Schmitz, Oleg Prymak, Matthias Epple, Carsten Ernert, Andrea Tannapfel
HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Obwohl Tätowierungen in den letzten Jahren außerordentlich beliebt geworden sind, wurde in der Literatur bisher nur über wenige Fälle schwerer Reaktionen berichtet, die zu einer malignen Transformation führten. Dies steht im Kontrast zu der praktisch unüberschaubaren Zahl an Tätowierungen weltweit. Die Zusammensetzung der für Tätowierungen verwendeten Farbstoffe variiert stark, und selbst gleiche Farbtöne können unterschiedliche Komponenten enthalten...
June 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Hedieh Saffari, Kristin M Leiferman, Frederic Clayton, Krista Baer, Leonard F Iii Pease, Gerald J Gleich, Kathryn A Peterson
OBJECTIVES: We describe a simple, quick method to measure an eosinophil granule protein, eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), as a marker of eosinophil activity, in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). METHODS: Esophageal mucosal brushings initially were collected from 36 patients with active EoE (n=13), resolved EoE (n=13), and controls (n=10) before endoscopic biopsy collection; the brushes were frozen at -80 ºC until assayed. EPO on the brush was measured in a colorimetric assay visually and by spectrophotometric absorbance measurements (at 492 nm), and was compared with peak eosinophil counts in esophageal biopsy specimens...
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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