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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544648/effects-of-a-web-based-patient-decision-aid-on-biologic-and-small-molecule-agents-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-answer-2-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
Linda C Li, Chris Shaw, Diane Lacaille, Elaine Yacyshyn, C Allyson Jones, Cheryl Koehn, Alison M Hoens, Jasmina Geldman, Eric C Sayre, Graham Macdonald, Jenny Leese, Nick Bansback
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which ANSWER-2, an interactive online patient decision aid, reduces patients' decisional conflict and improves their medication-related knowledge and self-management capacity. METHODS: We used a pre-post study design. Eligible participants had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), had been recommended to start using a biologic or small molecule agent or to switch to a new one, and had Internet access. Access to ANSWER-2 was provided immediately after enrollment...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542498/transgender-inclusive-measures-of-sex-gender-for-population-surveys-mixed-methods-evaluation-and-recommendations
#2
Greta R Bauer, Jessica Braimoh, Ayden I Scheim, Christoffer Dharma
Given that an estimated 0.6% of the U.S. population is transgender (trans) and that large health disparities for this population have been documented, government and research organizations are increasingly expanding measures of sex/gender to be trans inclusive. Options suggested for trans community surveys, such as expansive check-all-that-apply gender identity lists and write-in options that offer maximum flexibility, are generally not appropriate for broad population surveys. These require limited questions and a small number of categories for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542470/differential-physiological-changes-following-internet-exposure-in-higher-and-lower-problematic-internet-users
#3
Phil Reed, Michela Romano, Federica Re, Alessandra Roaro, Lisa A Osborne, Caterina Viganò, Roberto Truzoli
Problematic internet use (PIU) has been suggested as in need of further research with a view to being included as a disorder in future Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, but lack of knowledge about the impact of internet cessation on physiological function remains a major gap in knowledge and a barrier to PIU classification. One hundred and forty-four participants were assessed for physiological (blood pressure and heart rate) and psychological (mood and state anxiety) function before and after an internet session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540595/social-media-and-scientific-research-are-complementary-youtube-and-shrikes-as-a-case-study
#4
Łukasz Dylewski, Peter Mikula, Piotr Tryjanowski, Federico Morelli, Reuven Yosef
Fascination with animals and their behaviour is one the most prominent patterns persisting in all human cultures. During the last decades, however, technological development and public access to the Internet have increased the speed and the extent of information sharing at an unprecedented rate, in some cases even challenging the traditional methods used in science. In order to understand the extent of this influence, we focused on the behaviour of shrikes. Shrikes are an enigmatic group of songbirds with a unique behaviour of impaling prey...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540233/international-volunteerism-and-global-responsibility
#5
REVIEW
Gopal Badlani
To review the current status of volunteerism in the field of urology as a global responsibility, a PubMed search was done with keywords: international volunteer, urology, global health, international resident education. Furthermore, internet search using Google and Bing as search engines for the same key words was done. Websites of multinational urological organizations was researched for available information. Expert opinions of key individuals in the arena were obtained. There is a paucity of published literature as to the efforts and outcomes of volunteerism in Urology; most of the information is related to the fistula repair outcomes in medical literature...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539302/diversity-in-older-adults-use-of-the-internet-identifying-subgroups-through-latent-class-analysis
#6
Leonieke C van Boekel, Sebastiaan Tm Peek, Katrien G Luijkx
BACKGROUND: As for all individuals, the Internet is important in the everyday life of older adults. Research on older adults' use of the Internet has merely focused on users versus nonusers and consequences of Internet use and nonuse. Older adults are a heterogeneous group, which may implicate that their use of the Internet is diverse as well. Older adults can use the Internet for different activities, and this usage can be of influence on benefits the Internet can have for them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the diversity or heterogeneity in the activities for which older adults use the Internet and determine whether diversity is related to social or health-related variables...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537205/community-pharmacists-perspectives-of-online-health-related-information
#7
Ong See Wan, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a resource used by health professionals as well as the public to access health information. Within this context, little is reported on community pharmacists' (CPs') perceptions of online health-related information. The objective of this study was to explore the attitudes of Malaysian CPs towards online health-related information. METHODS: A qualitative research method was adopted with face-to-face interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537139/examining-lifestyle-information-sources-needs-and-preferences-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-northern-british-columbia
#8
Lindsay Vander Meer, Jeff K Vallance, Geoff D C Ball, Steven T Johnson
PURPOSE: Little is known about the lifestyle (e.g., physical activity, nutrition) information needs among breast cancer survivors living in nonurban settings. This study determined lifestyle information sources, needs, and preferences among breast cancer survivors in Northern British Columbia (BC), Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional, paper-based survey was distributed to a random sample of breast cancer survivors (n = 300) in Northern BC, which was generated through the BC Cancer Registry...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535815/internet-based-attentional-bias-modification-training-as-add-on-to-regular-treatment-in-alcohol-and-cannabis-dependent-outpatients-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Janika Heitmann, Madelon E van Hemel-Ruiter, Karin M Vermeulen, Brian D Ostafin, Colin MacLeod, Reinout W Wiers, Laura DeFuentes-Merillas, Martine Fledderus, Wiebren Markus, Peter J de Jong
BACKGROUND: The automatic tendency to attend to and focus on substance-related cues in the environment (attentional bias), has been found to contribute to the persistence of addiction. Attentional bias modification (ABM) interventions might, therefore, contribute to treatment outcome and the reduction of relapse rates. Based on some promising research findings, we designed a study to test the clinical relevance of ABM as an add-on component of regular intervention for alcohol and cannabis patients...
May 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534436/perceptions-of-sport-science-students-on-the-potential-applications-and-limitations-of-blended-learning-in-their-education-a-qualitative-study
#10
Justin W L Keogh, Lisa Gowthorp, Michelle McLean
This study sought to gain insight into blended learning-naive sports science students' understanding and perceptions of the potential benefits and limitations of blended (hybrid) learning, which has been defined as the thoughtful integration of face-to-face and online instructional approaches. Five focus groups, each comprising 3-4 students from either the undergraduate or postgraduate sports science programmes were conducted. The focus groups were facilitated by a researcher who was not involved in sports science...
May 23, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531820/adverse-effects-and-treatment-satisfaction-among-online-users-of-four-antidepressants
#11
Shannon Hughes, Jeffrey Lacasse, Reid Rogers Fuller, Jennifer Spaulding-Givens
Adverse effects (AEs) are an important factor in antidepressant treatment decision-making, though common AE profiles from clinical trial research highlight physical AEs to the neglect of emotional and behavioral AEs. First-hand accounts of antidepressant users on the Internet can supplement AE profiles with information gained from real-world treatment experiences. We examined online user reviews of two older (escitalopram; duloxetine) and two newer (vilazodone; vortioxetine) antidepressants for differences in their AE profiles and determined which categories of AEs were associated with users' satisfaction...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528855/patterns-of-recent-national-institutes-of-health-nih-funding-to-diagnostic-radiology-departments-analysis-using-the-nih-reporter-system
#12
Ana M Franceschi, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for diagnostic radiology departments at US medical schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study did not use private identifiable information and thus did not constitute human subjects research. The public NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools Expenditure and Results system was used to extract information regarding 887 NIH awards in 2015 to departments of "Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology...
May 18, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528582/searching-the-web-a-survey-on-the-quality-of-advice-on-postnatal-sequelae-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-and-the-implication-of-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease
#13
S Perzel, H Huebner, W Rascher, C Menendez-Castro, A Hartner, F B Fahlbusch
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) are pregnancy complications associated with morbidity in later life. Despite a growing body of evidence from current research on developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD), little information is currently provided to parents on long-term metabolic, cardiovascular and neurologic consequences. As parents strongly rely on internet-based health-related information, we examined the quality of information on IUGR/FGR sequelae and DOHaD in webpages used by laypersons...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525310/determinants-of-adherence-to-the-online-component-of-a-blended-intervention-for-patients-with-hip-and-or-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-study-embedded-in-the-e-exercise-trial
#14
Herman J de Vries, Corelien J J Kloek, Dinny H de Bakker, Joost Dekker, Daniël Bossen, Cindy Veenhof
BACKGROUND: Embedding Web-based interventions within physiotherapy has potential, but knowledge on patient adherence to these interventions is limited. INTRODUCTION: This study explores which patient-, intervention-, and environment-related factors are determinants of adherence to the online component of e-Exercise, a 12-week blended intervention for patients with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A convergent mixed methods study was performed, embedded within an ongoing trial...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524117/ebutterfly-leveraging-massive-online-citizen-science-for-butterfly-consevation
#15
Kathleen L Prudic, Kent P McFarland, Jeffrey C Oliver, Rebecca A Hutchinson, Elizabeth C Long, Jeremy T Kerr, Maxim Larrivée
Data collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers...
May 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523209/using-online-respondent-driven-sampling-for-vietnamese-youths-alcohol-use-and-associated-risk-factors
#16
Melvyn W B Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Hoang Long, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Tran Dinh Tho, Bao Nguyen Le, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Chau Ngo, Nguyen Huu Tu, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
OBJECTIVES: The average alcohol consumption per capita among Vietnamese adults has consistently increased. Although alcohol-related disorders have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research shedding light on this issue among Internet users. The study aimed to examine the severity of alcohol-related disorders and other associated factors that might predispose individuals towards alcohol usage in a sample of youths recruited online. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,080 Vietnamese youths...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518075/leveraging-cyverse-resources-for-de-novo-comparative-transcriptomics-of-underserved-non-model-organisms
#17
Blake L Joyce, Asher K Haug-Baltzell, Jonathan P Hulvey, Fiona McCarthy, Upendra Kumar Devisetty, Eric Lyons
This workflow allows novice researchers to leverage advanced computational resources such as cloud computing to carry out pairwise comparative transcriptomics. It also serves as a primer for biologists to develop data scientist computational skills, e.g. executing bash commands, visualization and management of large data sets. All command line code and further explanations of each command or step can be found on the wiki (https://wiki.cyverse.org/wiki/x/dgGtAQ). The Discovery Environment and Atmosphere platforms are connected together through the CyVerse Data Store...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515538/effects-of-engaging-in-repeated-mental-imagery-of-future-positive-events-on-behavioural-activation-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder
#18
Fritz Renner, Julie L Ji, Arnaud Pictet, Emily A Holmes, Simon E Blackwell
Depression is associated with decreased engagement in behavioural activities. A wide range of activities can be promoted by simulating them via mental imagery. Mental imagery of positive events could thus provide a route to increasing adaptive behaviour in depression. The current study tested whether repeated engagement in positive mental imagery led to increases in behavioural activation in participants with depression, using data from a randomized controlled trial (Blackwell et al. in Clin Psychol Sci 3(1):91-111, 2015...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515196/cost-effectiveness-of-therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Fabian Lenhard, Richard Ssegonja, Erik Andersson, Inna Feldman, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols, Eva Serlachius
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a therapist-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) intervention for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared with untreated patients on a waitlist. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A research clinic within the regular child and adolescent mental health service in Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven adolescents (12-17 years) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition diagnosis of OCD...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513099/syntheses-analytical-and-pharmacological-characterizations-of-the-legal-high-4-1-3-methoxyphenyl-cyclohexyl-morpholine-3-meo-pcmo-and-analogues
#20
Tristan Colestock, Jason Wallach, Matt Mansi, Nadine Filemban, Hamilton Morris, Simon P Elliott, Folker Westphal, Simon D Brandt, Adeboye Adejare
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are commonly referred to as "research chemicals", "designer drugs" or "legal highs." One NPS class is represented by dissociative anesthetics, which include analogues of the arylcyclohexylamine phencyclidine (PCP), ketamine, and diphenidine. A recent addition to the NPS market was 4-[1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexyl]morpholine (3-MeO-PCMo), a morpholine analogue of 3-MeO-PCP. Although suspected to have dissociative effects in users, information about its pharmacological profile is not available...
May 16, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
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