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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332655/research-on-tuberculosis-in-tribal-areas-in-india-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
V G Rao, M Muniyandi, J Bhat, R Yadav, R Sharma
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in resource-poor countries including India. Scientific knowledge is used to guide policy and practice. There is however, a limited, systematically collected data required for guiding the scale-up of interventions particularly amongst vulnerable populations including tribal groups in the country. In view of this, a systematic review of the TB research studies carried out in tribal areas of different parts of the country was undertaken...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#4
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325555/the-readiness-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-kuwait-to-practise-evidence-based-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ali Jasem Buabbas, Fatemah Mohammad Alsaleh, Hamza Mohamad Al-Shawaf, Ali Abdullah, Abdullah Almajran
BACKGROUND: The evolving role of pharmacists in providing pharmaceutical care, as part of the healthcare team, challenges them to acquire up-to-date knowledge of medicines to make the best clinical decisions. The volume of medical literature is on the increase, and it is important to utilise these resources to optimise patients' therapeutic outcomes. This study aimed at assessing the readiness of government hospital pharmacists in practising evidence-based medicine (EBM) in Kuwait in regards to their attitude, knowledge and skills, as well as the perceived barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325552/health-care-access-for-rural-youth-on-equal-terms-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-in-northern-sweden
#6
Isabel Goicolea, Dean Carson, Miguel San Sebastian, Monica Christianson, Maria Wiklund, Anna-Karin Hurtig
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to propose a protocol for researching the impact of rural youth health service strategies on health care access. There has been no published comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of youth health strategies in rural areas, and there is no clearly articulated model of how such assessments might be conducted. The protocol described here aims to gather information to; i) Assess rural youth access to health care according to their needs, ii) Identify and understand the strategies developed in rural areas to promote youth access to health care, and iii) Propose actions for further improvement...
January 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#7
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324396/cyberchondria-overlap-with-health-anxiety-and-unique-relations-with-impairment-quality-of-life-and-service-utilization
#8
Brittany M Mathes, Aaron M Norr, Nicholas P Allan, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt
Cyberchondria refers to a clinical phenomenon in which repeated Internet searches regarding medical information result in excessive concerns about physical health. Cyberchondria is positively associated with symptoms of health anxiety, though it remains unclear as to whether cyberchondria poses a unique public burden. The current study replicated previous findings regarding the relationship between cyberchondria and health anxiety, and extended those findings to examine the extent to which health anxiety and cyberchondria may be differentially associated with public health outcomes, including impairment, quality of life, and service utilization...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323422/community-interest-and-feasibility-of-using-a-novel-smartphone-based-formaldehyde-exposure-detection-technology
#9
Jessica Castner, Gretchen E Gehrke, Nicholas Shapiro, Karen C Dannemiller
OBJECTIVE: This study is the first community engagement phase of a project to develop a residential formaldehyde detection system. The objectives were to conduct a feasibility assessment for device use, and identify factors associated with concerns about environmental exposure and community interest in this device. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey employing community-based participatory research principles was utilized. 147 individuals participated from a focused Waycross, Georgia (58...
January 11, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313795/how-do-health-professionals-acknowledge-web-based-knowledge-in-pregnancy-consultations
#10
Eva Haukeland Fredriksen, Karen Marie Moland, Janet Harris
Web-sites for pregnancy health are an important source of information for pregnant women, but how different cadres of health professionals value and utilize pregnant women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations is not well understood. Using a qualitative research design and pelvic girdle pain as a tracer condition, we explored how Norwegian doctors, midwives and physiotherapists manage women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations. The recognition of pregnant women's eHealth literacy and Web- based knowledge differed across professional groups and produced dismissive, reactive and proactive attitudes depending on time pressure, professional identity and internet experience...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313756/data-needs-for-a-serious-illness-care-accountability-system-a-framework-and-recommendations
#11
Tom Valuck, Russ Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of a comprehensive accountability system for community-based serious illness care will require a robust data infrastructure. Data will be needed to support care delivery, quality measurement, value-based payment, and evaluation and monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The specific data needs in these areas need to be identified and understood, so that gaps in currently available data may be addressed. DESIGN: We developed a framework that includes the needed data and data infrastructure to support the features and characteristics of a serious illness care accountability system...
March 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310532/a-systematic-review-of-technology-assisted-interventions-for-co-morbid-depression-and-substance-use
#12
Nicola A Holmes, Joseph Em van Agteren, Diana S Dorstyn
Introduction Mental health interventions disseminated via, or accessed using, digital technologies are an innovative new treatment modality for managing co-morbid depression and substance use disorder. The present systematic review assessed the current state of this literature. Methods A search of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, PsychINFO and Scopus databases identified six eligible studies ( Nparticipants = 862), utilising quasi-experimental or randomised controlled designs. Reporting quality was evaluated and Hedge's g effect sizes (with 95% confidence intervals and p-values) were calculated to determine treatment effectiveness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306818/types-of-avoidance-in-hair-pulling-disorder-trichotillomania-an-exploratory-and-confirmatory-analysis
#13
Reneta Slikboer, David J Castle, Maja Nedeljkovic, Susan L Rossell
Hair-pulling disorder (HPD) or Trichotillomania is a complex disorder with frequent relapses. Avoidance has been highlighted as an important behavioural feature in HPD. To improve our understanding of avoidance, two studies were conducted to identify the types of avoidance that may be experienced by those who pull hair. Internet questionnaires were used to collect data. Data from study one was split into two subsets. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify the different types of avoidance experienced by those reporting symptoms of hair pulling (subset one, n = 278), followed by a confirmatory factor analysis (subset two, n = 295)...
December 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304799/study-protocol-evaluation-of-specialized-outpatient-palliative-care-sopc-in-the-german-state-of-hesse-elsah-study-work-package-ii-palliative-care-for-pediatric-patients
#14
Lisa-R Ulrich, Dania Gruber, Michaela Hach, Stefan Boesner, Joerg Haasenritter, Katrin Kuss, Hannah Seipp, Ferdinand M Gerlach, Antje Erler
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the European Association of Palliative Care (EAPC) provided a comprehensive set of recommendations and standards for the provision of adequate pediatric palliative care. A number of studies have shown deficits in pediatric palliative care compared to EAPC standards. In Germany, pediatric palliative care patients can be referred to specialized outpatient palliative care (SOPC) services, which are known to enhance quality of life, e.g. by avoiding hospitalization. However, current regulations for the provision of SOPC in Germany do not account for the different circumstances and needs of children and their families compared to adult palliative care patients...
January 5, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303000/patient-preferences-and-utilization-of-online-resources-for-patients-treated-in-hand-surgery-practices
#15
Allison J Rao, Christopher J Dy, Charles A Goldfarb, Mark S Cohen, Robert W Wysocki
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a widely used resource by patients however, objective data on details such as frequency of usage and specific sites visited is lacking. We surveyed patients from hand surgery practices to describe patient preferences and utilization patterns for online resources. METHODS: From October 2015 to June 2016, we enrolled patients presenting to 4 orthopedic hand surgeons at 2 academic institutions. Patients completed a survey, with questions related to their preference for learning about their diagnosis and Internet utilization both before and after the visit...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302771/a-survey-of-online-and-mobile-technology-use-at-peer-support-agencies
#16
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Thomas Grinley, John Carlo M Bienvenida, Stephen J Bartels, Mary Brunette
Understanding how individuals with mental illness who receive services at peer support agencies use technology can inform the development of online and mobile health interventions tailored for users in these non-traditional mental health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of technology among individuals with mental illness at peer support agencies. A survey delivered within peer support agencies (PSAs) in one state assessed technology use among individuals ages 18 and over with a self-identified mental illness receiving services at these agencies...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302554/sexual-behavior-of-adolescent-students-in-chandigarh-and-their-perceptions-regarding-family-life-education
#17
Dinesh Kumar, Naveen Krishan Goel, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Abhik K Ghosh
Background: With rapidly changing lifestyle and exposure to the Internet and mass media, lifestyle and sexual behavior of adolescent students are also changing rapidly. Objectives: To investigate the sexual behavior of adolescent students and to study misconceptions prevailing among them. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1022 adolescent students aged 14-19 years as a part of an Indian Council of Medical Research sponsored survey. Sexual behavior explored by interview method...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302225/clinical-neuropsychiatric-considerations-regarding-nonsubstance-or-behavioral-addictions
#18
Marc N Potenza
Over the past several decades, non-substance-use behaviors like gambling, gaming, and sex have received greater consideration as possible foci of addictions. In this article, I will review the recent history and current status of non-substance or behavioral addictions. A main focus will involve gambling and gambling disorder, given that the latter is currently the sole non-substance addictive disorder described in the main text of the current (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)...
September 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301376/sistematx-an-online-web-based-cheminformatics-tool-for-data-management-of-secondary-metabolites
#19
Marcus Tullius Scotti, Chonny Herrera-Acevedo, Tiago Branquinho Oliveira, Renan Paiva Oliveira Costa, Silas Yudi Konno de Oliveira Santos, Ricardo Pereira Rodrigues, Luciana Scotti, Fernando Batista Da-Costa
The traditional work of a natural products researcher consists in large part of time-consuming experimental work, collecting biota to prepare and analyze extracts and to identify innovative metabolites. However, along this long scientific path, much information is lost or restricted to a specific niche. The large amounts of data already produced and the science of metabolomics reveal new questions: Are these compounds known or new? How fast can this information be obtained? To answer these and other relevant questions, an appropriate procedure to correctly store information on the data retrieved from the discovered metabolites is necessary...
January 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301311/analysis-of-gambling-in-the-media-related-to-screens-immersion-as-a-predictor-of-excessive-use
#20
Jean-Jacques Rémond, Lucia Romo
This study investigates the intricacies between the player interface proposed by the screens, (in particular on smartphone applications or in video games) and gambling. Recent research indicates connections between "immersion" and excessive screen practice. We want to understand the causal-effects between online gambling and the "immersion" variable and understand their relationship and its contingencies. This article empirically investigates whether and how it is possible to observe immersion with its sub-dimensions in gambling on different screens...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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