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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821681/when-brain-beats-behavior-neuroforecasting-crowdfunding-outcomes
#1
Alexander Genevsky, Carolyn Yoon, Brian Knutson
Although traditional economic and psychological theories imply that individual choice best scales to aggregate choice, primary components of choice reflected in neural activity may support even more generalizable forecasts. Crowdfunding represents a significant and growing platform for funding new and unique projects, causes, and products. To test whether neural activity could forecast market-level crowdfunding outcomes weeks later, 30 human subjects (14 female) decided whether to fund proposed projects described on an internet crowdfunding website while undergoing scanning with functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817972/real-world-research-and-the-role-of-observational-data-in-the-field-of-gynaecology-a-practical-review
#2
Oskari Heikinheimo, Johannes Bitzer, Luis García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: In the context of women's health, we examine (1) the role that observational ('real-world') studies have in overcoming limitations of randomised clinical trials, (2) the relative advantages and disadvantages of different study designs, (3) the importance of outcome data from observational studies when making health-economic or clinical decisions, and (4) provide insights into changing perceptions of observational clinical data. METHODS: PubMed and internet searches were used to identify (i) guidance and expert commentary on designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting clinical trials or observational studies, (ii) supporting evidence of the rapid growth of observational ('real world') studies and publications since the turn of millennium in the fields of contraception, reproductive health, obstetrics or gynaecology...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816497/inclusion-of-gaming-disorder-criteria-in-icd-11-a-clinical-perspective-in-favor
#3
Susumu Higuchi, Hideki Nakayama, Satoko Mihara, Masaki Maezono, Takashi Kitayuguchi, Takuma Hashimoto
Data from a specialist treatment facility for Internet addiction (IA) in Japan showed that (a) the vast majority of treatment seekers are addicted to online games, (b) their symptoms are often quite severe, and (c) there is a significant demand for IA treatment. In addition, systemic obstacles to the delivery of medical services in Japan exist due to the exclusion of IA criteria from ICD-10. Consequently, the inclusion of GD criteria in ICD-11 will almost certainly increase the capacity and quality of treatment through advances in research and possible changes in national medical systems to meet treatment demand...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815460/developing-a-system-for-processing-health-data-of-children-using-digitalized-toys-ethical-and-privacy-concerns-for-the-internet-of-things-paradigm
#4
REVIEW
María Luisa Martín-Ruíz, Celia Fernández-Aller, Eloy Portillo, Javier Malagón, Cristina Del Barrio
EDUCERE (Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders) is a government funded research and development project. EDUCERE objectives are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions for society to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school. In the EDUCERE project, an ethical impact assessment is carried out linked to a minors' data protection rights...
August 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815439/predatory-journals-spamming-for-publications-what-should-researchers-do
#5
Aamir Raoof Memon
In the internet era spam has become a big problem. Researchers are troubled with unsolicited or bulk spam emails inviting them to publish. However, this strategy has helped predatory journals hunt their prey and earn money. These journals have grown tremendously during the past few years despite serious efforts by researchers and scholarly organizations to hinder their growth. Predatory journals and publishers are often based in developing countries, and they potentially target researchers from these counties by using different tactics identified in previous research...
August 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#6
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#7
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813298/infidelity-in-romantic-relationships
#8
REVIEW
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
This article summarizes the current state of research on the prediction of infidelity and provides a foundation for advancing knowledge on this topic by offering specific recommendations for future research. The prevalence, terminological diversity, and impact of infidelity on numerous indicators of wellness is first discussed. This is followed by a discussion of the individual, relationship, and contextual factors that have received systematic attention in attempting to predict infidelity. Highlights include various demographics, the closing gender gap, cohabitation, religion, and the role of the internet in facilitating infidelity...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812275/a-method-for-improving-the-integrity-of-peer-review
#9
Mehdi Dadkhah, Mohsen Kahani, Glenn Borchardt
Peer review is the most important aspect of reputable journals. Without it, we would be unsure about whether the material published was as valid and reliable as is possible. However, with the advent of the Internet, scientific literature has now become subject to a relatively new phenomenon: fake peer reviews. Some dishonest researchers have been manipulating the peer review process to publish what are often inferior papers. There are even papers that explain how to do it. This paper discusses one of those methods and how editors can defeat it by using a special review ID...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#10
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810937/tweets-gangs-and-guns-a-snapshot-of-gang-communications-in-detroit
#11
Desmond Patton, Sadiq Patel, Jun Sung Hong, Megan Ranney, Marie Crandall, Lyle Dungy
The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of violent and criminal Twitter communications among gang-affiliated individuals in Detroit, Michigan. We analyzed 8.5 million Detroit gang members' tweets from January 2013 to March 2014 to assess whether they contained Internet banging-related keywords. We found that 4.7% of gangaffiliated user tweets consisted of terms related to violence and crime. Violence and crime-related communications fell into 4 main categories: (a) beefing (267,221 tweets), (b) grief (79,971 tweets), (c) guns (3,551 tweets), and (d) substance use and distribution (47,638 tweets)...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809786/octopus-a-design-methodology-for-motion-capture-wearables
#12
Javier Marin, Teresa Blanco, Jose J Marin
Human motion capture (MoCap) is widely recognised for its usefulness and application in different fields, such as health, sports, and leisure; therefore, its inclusion in current wearables (MoCap-wearables) is increasing, and it may be very useful in a context of intelligent objects interconnected with each other and to the cloud in the Internet of Things (IoT). However, capturing human movement adequately requires addressing difficult-to-satisfy requirements, which means that the applications that are possible with this technology are held back by a series of accessibility barriers, some technological and some regarding usability...
August 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806917/study-protocol-pragmatic-randomized-control-trial-of-an-internet-based-intervention-my-tools-4-care-for-family-carers
#13
Wendy Duggleby, Jenny Ploeg, Carrie McAiney, Kathryn Fisher, Jenny Swindle, Tracey Chambers, Sunita Ghosh, Shelley Peacock, Maureen Markle-Reid, Jean Triscott, Allison Williams, Dorothy Forbes, Lori Pollard
BACKGROUND: Family carers of older persons with Alzheimer's' disease and related dementia (ADRD) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) experience significant, complex, and distressing transitions such as changes to their environment, roles and relationships, physical health, and mental health. An online intervention (My Tools 4 Care) was developed for family carers of persons with ADRD and MCC living at home, with the aim of supporting these carers through transitions and increasing their self-efficacy, hope, and health related quality of life (HRQoL)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805407/stressor-related-drinking-and-future-alcohol-problems-among-university-students
#14
Michael A Russell, David M Almeida, Jennifer L Maggs
Research using daily designs has shown that daily stressors (i.e., conflict, school/work demands) are associated with alcohol use, and that the strength of within-person links between stressors and alcohol use differs from person to person. However, to our knowledge no research has tested whether individual differences in stressor-related drinking-characterized by within-person associations between daily stressors and drinking-predict risk for future alcohol problems, a relationship suggested by theoretical models...
August 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804676/guide-to-the-design-and-application-of-online-questionnaire-surveys
#15
Pramod R Regmi, Elizabeth Waithaka, Anjana Paudyal, Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen
Collecting research data through traditional approaches (face-to-face, postal or telephone survey) can be costly and time consuming. The emerging data collection approach based on internet/e-based technologies (e.g. online platforms and email), is a relatively cost effective survey alternative. These novel data collection strategies can collect large amounts of data from participants in a short time frame. Similarly, they also seem to be feasible and effective in collecting data on sensitive issues or with samples they are generally hard to reach, for example, men who have sex with men (MSM) or migrants...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800761/development-of-the-adolescent-preoccupation-with-screens-scale
#17
Simon C Hunter, Stephen Houghton, Corinne Zadow, Michael Rosenberg, Lisa Wood, Trevor Shilton, David Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Although public health concerns have been raised regarding the detrimental health effects of increasing rates of electronic screen use among adolescents, such effects have been small. Instruments currently available tend to be lengthy, have a clinical research focus, and assess young people's screen use on specific screen-based activities (e.g., TV, computer, or internet). None appear to address screen use across a broad range of screens, including mobile devices and screen-based activities...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800380/advances-in-risk-analysis-with-big-data
#18
Tsan-Ming Choi, James H Lambert
With cloud computing, Internet-of-things, wireless sensors, social media, fast storage and retrieval, etc., organizations and enterprises have access to unprecedented amounts and varieties of data. Current risk analysis methodology and applications are experiencing related advances and breakthroughs. For example, highway operations data are readily available, and making use of them reduces risks of traffic crashes and travel delays. Massive data of financial and enterprise systems support decision making under risk by individuals, industries, regulators, etc...
August 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799885/state-resident-neuroticism-accounts-for-life-satisfaction-differences-between-conservative-and-liberal-states-of-the-usa
#19
Stewart J H McCann
Past research indicates associations between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction, lower neuroticism and higher life satisfaction, and higher conservatism and lower neuroticism. Qualified deduction led to the following hypothesis: Neuroticism can account for the association between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction. The 50 American states served as the units of analysis. Responses of 619,397 residents to the 44-item Big Five Inventory in an internet survey conducted from 1999 to 2005 provided mean neuroticism scores for each state...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798553/exploring-individual-differences-in-online-addictions-the-role-of-identity-and-attachment
#20
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Research examining the development of online addictions has grown greatly over the last decade with many studies suggesting both risk factors and protective factors. In an attempt to integrate the theories of attachment and identity formation, the present study investigated the extent to which identity styles and attachment orientations account for three types of online addiction (i.e., internet addiction, online gaming addiction, and social media addiction). The sample comprised 712 Italian students (381 males and 331 females) recruited from schools and universities who completed an offline self-report questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
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