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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701924/frontal-connectivity-in-eeg-gamma-30-45-hz-respond-to-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-minimally-conscious-state-patients
#1
Yang Bai, Xiaoyu Xia, Zhenhu Liang, Yong Wang, Yi Yang, Jianghong He, Xiaoli Li
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has become a valuable brain-intervention technique used to rehabilitate patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). To explore how the SCS affects the cerebral cortex and what possible electrophysiological mechanism of SCS effects on the cortex, the present study investigated the functional connectivity and network properties during SCS in minimally conscious state (MCS) patients. MCS patients received both SCS and sham sessions. Functional connectivity of the phase lock value (PLV) in the gamma band (30-45 Hz) was investigated at the pre-, on- and post-SCS stages...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694044/more-randomized-and-resilient-in-the-topological-properties-of-functional-brain-networks-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Huaizhou Li, Haiyan Zhou, Yang Yang, Haiyuan Wang, Ning Zhong
Previous studies have reported the enhanced randomization of functional brain networks in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, little is known about the changes of key nodal attributes for randomization, the resilience of network, and the clinical significance of the alterations. In this study, we collected the resting-state functional MRI data from 19 MDD patients and 19 healthy control (HC) individuals. Graph theory analysis showed that decreases were found in the small-worldness, clustering coefficient, local efficiency, and characteristic path length (i...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690129/graph-theoretical-analysis-of-functional-network-for-comprehension-of-sign-language
#3
Lanfang Liu, Xin Yan, Jin Liu, Mingrui Xia, Chunming Lu, Karen Emmorey, Mingyuan Chu, Guosheng Ding
Signed languages are natural human languages using the visual-motor modality. Previous neuroimaging studies based on univariate activation analysis show that a widely overlapped cortical network is recruited regardless whether the sign language is comprehended (for signers) or not (for non-signers). Here we move beyond previous studies by examining whether the functional connectivity profiles and the underlying organizational structure of the overlapped neural network may differ between signers and non-signers when watching sign language...
July 6, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678805/ablation-as-targeted-perturbation-to-rewire-communication-network-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Susumu Tao, Samuel F Way, Joshua Garland, Jonathan Chrispin, Luisa A Ciuffo, Muhammad A Balouch, Saman Nazarian, David D Spragg, Joseph E Marine, Ronald D Berger, Hugh Calkins, Hiroshi Ashikaga
Persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) can be viewed as disintegrated patterns of information transmission by action potential across the communication network consisting of nodes linked by functional connectivity. To test the hypothesis that ablation of persistent AF is associated with improvement in both local and global connectivity within the communication networks, we analyzed multi-electrode basket catheter electrograms of 22 consecutive patients (63.5 ± 9.7 years, 78% male) during persistent AF before and after the focal impulse and rotor modulation-guided ablation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659765/synaptic-impairment-and-robustness-of-excitatory-neuronal-networks-with-different-topologies
#5
Ehsan Mirzakhalili, Eleni Gourgou, Victoria Booth, Bogdan Epureanu
Synaptic deficiencies are a known hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases, but the diagnosis of impaired synapses on the cellular level is not an easy task. Nonetheless, changes in the system-level dynamics of neuronal networks with damaged synapses can be detected using techniques that do not require high spatial resolution. This paper investigates how the structure/topology of neuronal networks influences their dynamics when they suffer from synaptic loss. We study different neuronal network structures/topologies by specifying their degree distributions...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652747/disrupted-small-world-brain-functional-network-topology-in-male-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-revealed-by-resting-state-fmri
#6
Li-Ting Chen, Xiao-Le Fan, Hai-Jun Li, Si Nie, Hong-Han Gong, Wei Zhang, Xian-Jun Zeng, Ping Long, De-Chang Peng
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder that can damage cognitive function. However, the functional network organization remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the topological properties of OSA patients using a graph theoretical analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male patients with untreated severe OSA and 25 male education- and age-matched good sleepers (GSs) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636461/genice-a-novel-framework-for-gene-network-inference-by-clustering-exhaustive-search-and-multivariate-analysis
#7
Ricardo de Souza Jacomini, David Correa Martins-Jr, Felipe Leno da Silva, Anna Helena Reali Costa
Gene network (GN) inference from temporal gene expression data is a crucial and challenging problem in systems biology. Expression data sets usually consist of dozens of temporal samples, while networks consist of thousands of genes, thus rendering many inference methods unfeasible in practice. To improve the scalability of GN inference methods, we propose a novel framework called GeNICE, based on probabilistic GNs; the main novelty is the introduction of a clustering procedure to group genes with related expression profiles and to provide an approximate solution with reduced computational complexity...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631354/cross-population-myelination-covariance-of-human-cerebral-cortex
#8
Zhiwei Ma, Nanyin Zhang
Cross-population covariance of brain morphometric quantities provides a measure of interareal connectivity, as it is believed to be determined by the coordinated neurodevelopment of connected brain regions. Although useful, structural covariance analysis predominantly employed bulky morphological measures with mixed compartments, whereas studies of the structural covariance of any specific subdivisions such as myelin are rare. Characterizing myelination covariance is of interest, as it will reveal connectivity patterns determined by coordinated development of myeloarchitecture between brain regions...
June 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622528/band-specific-atypical-functional-connectivity-pattern-in-childhood-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tetsuya Takahashi, Teruya Yamanishi, Sou Nobukawa, Shinya Kasakawa, Yuko Yoshimura, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Takashi Ikeda, Tetsu Hirosawa, Toshio Munesue, Haruhiro Higashida, Yoshio Minabe, Mitsuru Kikuchi
OBJECTIVE: Altered brain connectivity has been theorized as a key neural underpinning of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but recent investigations have revealed conflicting patterns of connectivity, particularly hyper-connectivity and hypo-connectivity across age groups. The application of graph theory to neuroimaging data has become an effective approach for characterizing topographical patterns of large-scale functional networks. We used a graph approach to investigate alteration of functional networks in childhood ASD...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618497/synchronization-of-fluctuating-delay-coupled-chaotic-networks
#10
Manuel Jiménez-Martín, Javier Rodríguez-Laguna, Otti D'Huys, Javier de la Rubia, Elka Korutcheva
We study the synchronization of chaotic units connected through time-delayed fluctuating interactions. Focusing on small-world networks of Bernoulli and Logistic units with a fixed chiral backbone, we compare the synchronization properties of static and fluctuating networks in the regime of large delays. We find that random network switching may enhance the stability of synchronized states. Synchronization appears to be maximally stable when fluctuations are much faster than the time-delay, whereas it disappears for very slow fluctuations...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604809/constructing-a-watts-strogatz-network-from-a-small-world-network-with-symmetric-degree-distribution
#11
Mozart B C Menezes, Seokjin Kim, Rongbing Huang
Though the small-world phenomenon is widespread in many real networks, it is still challenging to replicate a large network at the full scale for further study on its structure and dynamics when sufficient data are not readily available. We propose a method to construct a Watts-Strogatz network using a sample from a small-world network with symmetric degree distribution. Our method yields an estimated degree distribution which fits closely with that of a Watts-Strogatz network and leads into accurate estimates of network metrics such as clustering coefficient and degree of separation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602630/correlation-between-standardized-assessment-of-concussion-scores-and-small-world-brain-network-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Yan Yan, Jian Song, Guozheng Xu, Shun Yao, Chenglong Cao, Chang Li, Guibao Peng, Hao Du
This study investigated the characteristics of the small-world brain network architecture of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), and a correlation between brain functional connectivity network properties in the resting-state fMRI and Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) parameters. The neurological conditions of 22 MTBI patients and 17 normal control individuals were evaluated according to the SAC. Resting-state fMRI was performed in all subjects 3 and 7days after injury respectively. After preprocessing the fMRI data, cortex functional regions were marked using AAL90 and Dosenbach160 templates...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581480/rich-cell-type-specific-network-topology-in-neocortical-microcircuitry
#13
Eyal Gal, Michael London, Amir Globerson, Srikanth Ramaswamy, Michael W Reimann, Eilif Muller, Henry Markram, Idan Segev
Uncovering structural regularities and architectural topologies of cortical circuitry is vital for understanding neural computations. Recently, an experimentally constrained algorithm generated a dense network reconstruction of a ∼0.3-mm(3) volume from juvenile rat somatosensory neocortex, comprising ∼31,000 cells and ∼36 million synapses. Using this reconstruction, we found a small-world topology with an average of 2.5 synapses separating any two cells and multiple cell-type-specific wiring features...
June 5, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580294/gender-differences-in-the-structural-connectome-of-the-teenage-brain-revealed-by-generalized-q-sampling-mri
#14
Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Jan-Ray Liao, Chao-Yu Shen, Yu-Chieh Lin, Jun-Cheng Weng
The question of whether there are biological differences between male and female brains is a fraught one, and political positions and prior expectations seem to have a strong influence on the interpretation of scientific data in this field. This question is relevant to issues of gender differences in the prevalence of psychiatric conditions, including autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Tourette's syndrome, schizophrenia, dyslexia, depression, and eating disorders. Understanding how gender influences vulnerability to these conditions is significant...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576097/effects-of-partial-time-delays-on-phase-synchronization-in-watts-strogatz-small-world-neuronal-networks
#15
Xiaojuan Sun, Matjaž Perc, Jürgen Kurths
In this paper, we study effects of partial time delays on phase synchronization in Watts-Strogatz small-world neuronal networks. Our focus is on the impact of two parameters, namely the time delay τ and the probability of partial time delay pdelay, whereby the latter determines the probability with which a connection between two neurons is delayed. Our research reveals that partial time delays significantly affect phase synchronization in this system. In particular, partial time delays can either enhance or decrease phase synchronization and induce synchronization transitions with changes in the mean firing rate of neurons, as well as induce switching between synchronized neurons with period-1 firing to synchronized neurons with period-2 firing...
May 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570586/inferring-and-analysis-of-social-networks-using-rfid-check-in-data-in-china
#16
Tao Liu, Lintao Yang, Shouyin Liu, Shuangkui Ge
Social networks play an important role in our daily lives. However, social ties are rather elusive to quantify, especially for large groups of subjects over prolonged periods of time. In this work, we first propose a methodology for extracting social ties from long spatio-temporal data streams, where the subjects are 17,795 undergraduates from a university of China and the data streams are the 9,147,106 time-stamped RFID check-in records left behind by them during one academic year. By several metrics mentioned below, we then analyze the structure of the social network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570577/partial-coupling-delay-induced-multiple-spatiotemporal-orders-in-a-modular-neuronal-network
#17
XiaoLi Yang, HuiDan Li, ZhongKui Sun
The influence of partial coupling delay on the spatiotemporal spiking dynamics is explored in a modular neuronal network. The modular neuronal network is composed of two subnetworks which present the small-world property and scale-free property, respectively. Numerical results show that spatiotemporal order that the modular network is most coherent in time and nearly synchronized in space can emerge intermittently when the coupling delays among neurons are appropriately tuned. The appropriately tuned delays are further detected to be integer multiples of the intrinsic spiking period of the modular neuronal network, which implies that the phenomenon of multiple spatiotemporal orders could be the result of a locking between the length of coupling delay and the intrinsic spiking period of the modular neuronal network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569517/quantifying-the-structure-of-free-association-networks-across-the-life-span
#18
Haim Dubossarsky, Simon De Deyne, Thomas T Hills
We investigate how the mental lexicon changes over the life span using free association data from over 8,000 individuals, ranging from 10 to 84 years of age, with more than 400 cue words per age group. Using network analysis, with words as nodes and edges defined by the strength of shared associations, we find that associative networks evolve in a nonlinear (U-shaped) fashion over the life span. During early life, the network converges and becomes increasingly structured, with reductions in average path length, entropy, clustering coefficient, and small world index...
June 1, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558655/the-common-transcriptional-subnetworks-of-the-grape-berry-skin-in-the-late-stages-of-ripening
#19
Ryan Ghan, Juli Petereit, Richard L Tillett, Karen A Schlauch, David Toubiana, Aaron Fait, Grant R Cramer
BACKGROUND: Wine grapes are important economically in many countries around the world. Defining the optimum time for grape harvest is a major challenge to the grower and winemaker. Berry skins are an important source of flavor, color and other quality traits in the ripening stage. Senescent-like processes such as chloroplast disorganization and cell death characterize the late ripening stage. RESULTS: To better understand the molecular and physiological processes involved in the late stages of berry ripening, RNA-seq analysis of the skins of seven wine grape cultivars (Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon) was performed...
May 30, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549329/abnormal-small-world-brain-functional-networks-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients-with-poor-insight
#20
Hui Lei, Yan Cui, Jie Fan, Xiaocui Zhang, Mingtian Zhong, Jinyao Yi, Lin Cai, Dezhong Yao, Xiongzhao Zhu
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on neurobiological correlates of poor insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study explored whether specific changes occur in small-world network (SWN) properties in the brain functional network of OCD patients with poor insight. METHOD: Resting-state electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded for 12 medication-free OCD patients with poor insight, 50 medication-free OCD patients with good insight, and 36 healthy controls...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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