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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351770/-i-struggle-to-count-my-blessings-recovery-after-hip-fracture-from-the-patients-perspective
#1
Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland, Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg
BACKGROUND: Recovery outlooks of physical functioning and quality of life after hip fracture have not changed significantly over the past 25 years. Previous research has mainly dealt with causalities and acute treatment, while the recovery process from the patients' perspective has been less comprehensively described. Expanded knowledge of what the patients consider important in their recovery process may have important consequences for how these patients are treated in the future and thereby on future patient outcomes...
January 19, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351295/effects-of-a-population-based-person-centred-and-integrated-care-service-on-health-wellbeing-and-self-management-of-community-living-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-embrace
#2
Sophie L W Spoorenberg, Klaske Wynia, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Hubertus P H Kremer, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the population-based, person-centred and integrated care service 'Embrace' at twelve months on three domains comprising health, wellbeing and self-management among community-living older people. METHODS: Embrace supports older adults to age in place. A multidisciplinary team provides care and support, with intensity depending on the older adults' risk profile. A randomised controlled trial was conducted in fifteen general practices in the Netherlands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346524/-effects-of-a-primary-care-based-multifactorial-intervention-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-frail-elderly-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Laura Romera-Liebana, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Jordi Real, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Mercedes Möller, Santiago Lancho, Anna Ramirez, Nuria Marti, Montserrat Cullell, Nuria Bastida, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Patricia Cendrós, Anna Bistuer, Elena Perez, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Gonçal Foz
Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living pre-frail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ≥65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338705/frailty-as-a-predictor-of-hospital-length-of-stay-after-elective-total-joint-replacements-in-elderly-patients
#4
Han Ting Wang, Josée Fafard, Stéphane Ahern, Pascal-André Vendittoli, Paul Hebert
BACKGROUND: Total joint replacement procedures are increasing in number because of population aging and osteoarthritis development. Defined as a lack of physiological reserves and the inability to adequately respond to external stressors, frailty may be more common than expected in older patients with degenerative arthritis awaiting total joint replacements. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between frailty and adverse outcomes, frailty prevalence among elderly patients awaiting elective TJR, and agreement between 2 frailty screening instruments...
January 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338456/an-update-on-the-safety-of-nutraceuticals-and-effects-on-lipid-parameters
#5
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality and disability in developed countries, whereas a large portion of patients in primary prevention have uncontrolled level of CVD risk factors. Dietary supplementation with bioactive natural compounds with demonstrated lipid-lowering effects is currently supported by the international guidelines for CVD prevention and some international expert panels. Areas covered: This review provides insights on issues concerning the tolerability and safety of the most commonly used nutraceuticals with demonstrated lipid-lowering effect in humans...
January 16, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336301/-acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia
#6
Michael Tøstesen, Lene S G Østergård, Eigil Kjeldsen, Jesper Stentoft, Jan M Nørgaard
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia has changed from being a highly fatal to a highly curable disease. Over time, key discoveries have identified the genetic and molecular abnormalities, which cause the disease. First choice of treatment has now changed from all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapy to a chemo-free combination of arsenic trixoide and ATRA. This new regimen has shown equal responses and overall cure rates compared with the previous standard of care containing conventional chemotherapy, but with much lower toxicity...
January 15, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323208/composition-of-salivary-microbiota-in-elderly-subjects
#7
Taiji Ogawa, Yujiro Hirose, Mariko Honda-Ogawa, Minami Sugimoto, Satoshi Sasaki, Masahito Kibi, Shigetada Kawabata, Kazunori Ikebe, Yoshinobu Maeda
Frailty is gaining attention worldwide with the aging of society. Despite the potential lethality and multiple signs and symptoms in affected individuals, preclinical detection of early manifestations leading to frailty syndrome have not been established. We speculated that the composition of the oral microbiota is associated with general frailty, as well as a relationship between gut microbiota and general health condition. In the present study, we investigated the salivary microbiota composition in samples from healthy and frail elderly individuals using 16S rRNA sequencing analysis for characterization...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320602/when-metformin-is-not-enough-pros-and-cons-of-sglt2-and-dpp-4-inhibitors-as-a-second-line-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Angelo Avogaro, Elías Delgado, Ildiko Lingvay
The newer oral therapies for type 2 diabetes (T2DM); dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have advantages over older agents. DPP-4 inhibitors are weight neutral, and have few adverse effects. SGLT2 inhibitors have additional benefits; weight loss, blood pressure reduction, cardiovascular risk reduction, and renoprotective effects. SGLT2 inhibitors, have increased risk of urogenital infections and possible risk of "euglycaemic" diabetic ketoacidosis...
January 10, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313293/management-of-care-transition-and-hospital-discharge
#9
Amedeo Zurlo, Giovanni Zuliani
Current demographic and epidemiological trends highlight a growing task in surgical departments by elderly patients, characterized by high prevalence of comorbidity, complexity, and functional disability. Of consequence, discharge of an elderly patient must be considered in a new cultural perspective and should be imagined as a well-structured process starting from admission to surgical department and finishing with the patient discharge in a setting able to support her/him in the best possible way. The lack of a suitable discharge planning and of a proper transition program in the elderly subjects increases the risk of quick re-admission and may negatively affect the functional and the status quality of life of patients and caregivers...
January 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310996/appropriateness-of-statin-prescription-in-the-elderly
#10
M Ruscica, C Macchi, C Pavanello, A Corsini, A Sahebkar, C R Sirtori
Statins, the most widely used drugs in the Western world, have become a pivotal component in the primary and secondary prevention of vascular diseases. Although benefits have been well documented in younger-than-75-year-old individuals, the value of statins in people aged >75years and over is controversial. The CTT meta-analysis calculated an absolute risk reduction of 0.6%/year per 38.7mg/dl reduction in LDL-C levels in patients aged >75years, that would translate into a number needed to treat of 167...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301543/towards-evidence-based-palliative-care-in-nursing-homes-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study-informed-by-the-organizational-readiness-to-change-theory
#11
Per Nilsen, Birgitta Wallerstedt, Lina Behm, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Sweden has a policy of supporting older people to live a normal life at home for as long as possible. Therefore, it is often the oldest, most frail people who move into nursing homes. Nursing home staff are expected to meet the existential needs of the residents, yet conversations about death and dying tend to cause emotional strain. This study explores organizational readiness to implement palliative care based on evidence-based guidelines in nursing homes in Sweden. The aim was to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based palliative care in nursing homes...
January 4, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300426/physical-frailty-is-associated-with-longitudinal-decline-in-global-cognitive-function-in-non-demented-older-adults-a-prospective-study
#12
S Chen, T Honda, K Narazaki, T Chen, H Kishimoto, Y Haeuchi, S Kumagai
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between physical frailty and subsequent decline in global cognitive function in the non-demented elderly. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective population-based study in a west Japanese suburban town, with two-year follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwellers aged 65 and older without placement in long-term care, and not having a history of dementia, Parkinson's disease and depression at baseline, who participated in the cohort of the Sasaguri Genkimon Study and underwent follow-up assessments two years later (N = 1,045)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290100/circulating-levels-of-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-as-a-potential-measure-of-biological-age-in-mice-and-frailty-in-humans
#13
Matthew J Yousefzadeh, Marissa J Schafer, Nicole Noren Hooten, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Michele K Evans, Darren J Baker, Ellen K Quarles, Paul D Robbins, Warren C Ladiges, Nathan K LeBrasseur, Laura J Niedernhofer
A serum biomarker of biological versus chronological age would have significant impact on clinical care. It could be used to identify individuals at risk of early-onset frailty or the multimorbidities associated with old age. It may also serve as a surrogate endpoint in clinical trials targeting mechanisms of aging. Here, we identified MCP-1/CCL2, a chemokine responsible for recruiting monocytes, as a potential biomarker of biological age. Circulating monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels increased in an age-dependent manner in wild-type (WT) mice...
December 31, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285733/relationship-between-masticatory-function-and-frailty-in-community-dwelling-japanese-elderly
#14
Yasuhiro Horibe, Yutaka Watanabe, Hirohiko Hirano, Ayako Edahiro, Ken Ishizaki, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Frailty likely results in impaired functioning, and frail individuals requiring long-term care have recently attracted the attention of researchers. In the oral health field, the number of elderly individuals who require intervention for retaining occlusion has been increasing, as has the number of remaining teeth and required prosthetic treatment. Additionally, the number of elderly with reduced masticatory function has also been increasing, and frailty is a suspected factor...
December 28, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284610/initial-hodgkin-treatment-of-the-frail-elderly
#15
COMMENT
David J Straus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282014/spectrum-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-with-increasing-age-in-a-major-metropolitan-renal-service
#16
Usman Mahmood, Helen G Healy, Adrian Kark, Anne Cameron, Zaimin Wang, Rajitha Abeysekera, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Aim of our study is to describe, in people with CKD, the demographic and clinical characteristics and outcomes with increasing age. The prevalence of CKD in Western populations, where longevity is the norm, is about 10-15%, but how age influence different characteristics of patients with CKD is largely not known. METHODS: One thousand two hundred sixty-five patients enrolled in the CKD.QLD registry at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital were grouped according to age at consent i...
December 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278215/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-elderly-are-drug-coated-balloons-the-future
#17
Ioannis Merinopoulos, Tharusha Gunawardena, Upul Wickramarachchi, Alisdair Ryding, Simon Eccleshall, Vassilios S Vassiliou
Balloon angioplasty revolutionised percutaneous treatment for coronary artery disease four decades ago, but vessel-threatening dissections, elastic recoil and restenosis were major drawbacks to an otherwise successful long-lasting intervention. Subsequent advances with bare metal stents and then drug eluting stents followed, aiming to mitigate the risks of acute vessel closure and restenosis. However, stent implantation often necessitates dual antiplatelet therapy for a prolonged period of time, which in itself can lead to adverse outcomes, especially in the frail elderly population at higher risk of bleeding...
December 26, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259496/immunosenescence-in-aging-between-immune-cells-depletion-and-cytokines-up-regulation
#18
REVIEW
Maria Teresa Ventura, Marco Casciaro, Sebastiano Gangemi, Rosalba Buquicchio
Background: The immunosenescence is a relatively recent chapter, correlated with the linear extension of the average life began in the nineteenth century and still in progress. The most important feature of immunosenescence is the accumulation in the "immunological space" of memory and effector cells as a result of the stimulation caused by repeated clinical and subclinical infections and by continuous exposure to antigens (inhalant allergens, food, etc.). This state of chronic inflammation that characterizes senescence has a significant impact on survival and fragility...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247531/effects-of-acute-phase-intensive-electrical-muscle-stimulation-in-frail-elderly-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-active-ems-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Shinya Tanaka, Kentaro Kamiya, Yuya Matsue, Ryusuke Yonezawa, Hiroshi Saito, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ryota Matsuzawa, Kohei Nozaki, Kazuki Wakaume, Yoshiko Endo, Emi Maekawa, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Takaaki Shiono, Takayuki Inomata, Takashi Masuda, Junya Ako
In elderly patients with acute heart failure (AHF), clinical outcome is adversely affected by frailty. Although a number of potentially effective interventions for frailty have been reported, little is known about the effects of rehabilitation programs in frail elderly AHF patients. We postulated that addition of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS), which induces muscle contraction without requiring patient volition, to early rehabilitation would be efficacious in frail elderly AHF patients. The ACTIVE-EMS (Effects of Acute Phase Intensive Electrical Muscle Stimulation in Frail Elderly Patients With AHF; UMIN000019551) trial is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial that will enroll 80 patients from 3 hospitals in Japan...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238654/primary-endocrine-therapy-in-older-women-with-breast-cancer
#20
REVIEW
R M C Pepping, J E A Portielje, W van de Water, N A de Glas
Purpose of Review: Breast cancer incidence increases with age. In recent years, primary endocrine therapy has been increasingly used as a treatment option for frail elderly women with breast cancer, although surgery is still the guideline-recommended treatment. In this review, we discuss the evidence for primary endocrine therapy versus surgical treatment in older women with early breast cancer. Recent Findings: Both randomised controlled trials and recent observational studies showed a favourable progression-free survival but not overall survival for surgery plus adjuvant endocrine therapy versus primary endocrine therapy...
2017: Current Geriatrics Reports
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