keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pneumonia & lung function children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861397/modulation-of-host-immunity-by-human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-virulence-factors-a-synergic-inhibition-of-both-innate-and-adaptive-immunity
#1
REVIEW
Gisela Canedo-Marroquín, Orlando Acevedo-Acevedo, Emma Rey-Jurado, Juan M Saavedra, Margarita K Lay, Susan M Bueno, Claudia A Riedel, Alexis M Kalergis
The Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (hRSV) is a major cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) and high rates of hospitalizations in children and in the elderly worldwide. Symptoms of hRSV infection include bronchiolitis and pneumonia. The lung pathology observed during hRSV infection is due in part to an exacerbated host immune response, characterized by immune cell infiltration to the lungs. HRSV is an enveloped virus, a member of the Pneumoviridae family, with a non-segmented genome and negative polarity-single RNA that contains 10 genes encoding for 11 proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777284/outcomes-of-primary-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-scoliosis-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy-clinical-radiographic-and-pulmonary-outcomes-and-complications
#2
Joshua B Holt, Lori A Dolan, Stuart L Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a progressive neuromuscular disease commonly including progressive scoliosis resulting in severe deformity and negatively affecting pulmonary function. Surgical correction and stabilization of this progressive deformity is generally recommended; however, the timing and method of surgical fixation remains controversial. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical, radiographic, and pulmonary function data from 16 children with SMA and surgically treated scoliosis between 1985 and 2013...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770121/necrotizing-pneumonia-an-emerging-problem-in-children
#3
REVIEW
I Brent Masters, Alan F Isles, Keith Grimwood
BACKGROUND: In children, necrotizing pneumonia (NP) is an uncommon, severe complication of pneumonia. It is characterized by destruction of the underlying lung parenchyma resulting in multiple small, thin-walled cavities and is often accompanied by empyema and bronchopleural fistulae. REVIEW: NP in children was first reported in children in 1994, and since then there has been a gradual increase in cases, which is partially explained by greater physician awareness and use of contrast computed tomography (CT) scans, and by temporal changes in circulating respiratory pathogens and antibiotic prescribing...
2017: Pneumonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#4
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269191/spectral-based-pneumonia-detection-tool-using-ultrasound-data-from-pediatric-populations
#6
O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello
Pediatric Pneumonia is one of the principal causes of death by year on children under the age of five worldwide. The diagnosis is commonly made by clinical criteria with support from imaging tools like radiography. Lung ultrasound has been considered a low-cost and portable alternative for pneumonia imaging; however, interpretation is subjective and requires adequate training. In the present work, a pneumonia detection algorithm based on the measurement of the fundamental bandwidth downshift over depth of ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) signals is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227421/spectral-based-pneumonia-detection-tool-using-ultrasound-data-from-pediatric-populations
#7
O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello, O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello, B Castaneda, O Zenteno, R Lavarello
Pediatric Pneumonia is one of the principal causes of death by year on children under the age of five worldwide. The diagnosis is commonly made by clinical criteria with support from imaging tools like radiography. Lung ultrasound has been considered a low-cost and portable alternative for pneumonia imaging; however, interpretation is subjective and requires adequate training. In the present work, a pneumonia detection algorithm based on the measurement of the fundamental bandwidth downshift over depth of ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) signals is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051240/clinical-effect-of-treating-secondary-asthma-attacks-of-children-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-with-combined-therapy-of-montelukast-and-azithromycin
#8
L Gong, L Xu, M Diao, F Guo, F-F Bian, J Min, R Liu, C-L Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical effects of treating secondary asthma attacks of children Mycoplasma pneumoniae with combined therapy of montelukast and azithromycin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 96 children patients diagnosed with secondary asthma attacks of Mycoplasma pneumonia were enrolled in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (n=49) and the observation group (n=47). Patients in the control group received combined therapy using azithromycin and bronchodilators or glucocorticoid, and patients in the observation group received a combined therapy of montelukast, azithromycin and bronchodilators or glucocorticoid...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849230/primary-hypogammaglobulinemia-the-impact-of-early-diagnosis-in-lung-complications
#9
Mayra de Barros Dorna, Cristiane de Jesus Nunes Dos Santos, Ana Paula Beltran Moschione Castro, Luiz Antônio Nunes de Oliveira, Lisa Suzuki, Andrea Langone Ferme, Magda Maria Sales Carneiro-Sampaio, Antonio Carlos Pastorino
Objective: To describe clinical features, tomographic findings and pulmonary function in pediatric patients with primary hypogammaglobulinemia (PH). Method: A retrospective cohort study of children with PH who received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and prophylactic antibiotics between 2005 and 2010. Epidemiological and clinical features, computed tomography (CT) findings, and spirometric data were compared, assuming a 5% significance level. Results: We evaluated 30 patients with PH...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792269/impaired-immunosuppressive-effect-of-bronchoalveolar-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-preliminary-findings
#10
Enikő Balogh, Béla Nagy, Ágnes Gyetvai, Zsolt Bene, Zoltán Hendrik, Viktória Jeney, Péter Nagy, Ágnes Papp, József Balla, György Balla, János Kappelmayer, Béla Nagy
BACKGROUND: Bronchoalveolar mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play an important role in the maintenance of lung integrity. Therapeutic application of bone marrow-derived MSCs reduced chronic bronchial inflammation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and improved the ratio of survivors in sepsis with pneumonia. This study investigated the effect of MSCs from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) on T-cell function under in vitro conditions. METHODS: Bronchoalveolar MSCs were obtained via bronchoscopy with BAL from children with severe subacute HP...
October 28, 2016: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455022/-pulmonary-surfactant-homeostasis-associated-genetic-abnormalities-and-lung-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Xiaojing Jiang, Xiuzhu Sun, Weihua Du, Haisheng Hao, Xueming Zhao, Dong Wang, Huabin Zhu, Yan Liu
Pulmonary surfactant (PS) is synthesized and secreted by alveolar epithelial type II (AEII) cells, which is a complex compound formed by proteins and lipids. Surfactant participates in a range of physiological processes such as reducing the surface tension, keeping the balance of alveolar fluid, maintaining normal alveolar morphology and conducting host defense. Genetic disorders of the surfactant homeostasis genes may result in lack of surfactant or cytotoxicity, and lead to multiple lung diseases in neonates, children and adults, including neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and pulmonary fibrosis...
August 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427983/destabilized-smc5-6-complex-leads-to-chromosome-breakage-syndrome-with-severe-lung-disease
#12
Saskia N van der Crabben, Marije P Hennus, Grant A McGregor, Deborah I Ritter, Sandesh C S Nagamani, Owen S Wells, Magdalena Harakalova, Ivan K Chinn, Aaron Alt, Lucie Vondrova, Ron Hochstenbach, Joris M van Montfrans, Suzanne W Terheggen-Lagro, Stef van Lieshout, Markus J van Roosmalen, Ivo Renkens, Karen Duran, Isaac J Nijman, Wigard P Kloosterman, Eric Hennekam, Jordan S Orange, Peter M van Hasselt, David A Wheeler, Jan J Palecek, Alan R Lehmann, Antony W Oliver, Laurence H Pearl, Sharon E Plon, Johanne M Murray, Gijs van Haaften
The structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) family of proteins supports mitotic proliferation, meiosis, and DNA repair to control genomic stability. Impairments in chromosome maintenance are linked to rare chromosome breakage disorders. Here, we have identified a chromosome breakage syndrome associated with severe lung disease in early childhood. Four children from two unrelated kindreds died of severe pulmonary disease during infancy following viral pneumonia with evidence of combined T and B cell immunodeficiency...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399025/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumon%C3%A3-a-a-case-report
#13
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277432/pulmonary-manifestation-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-in-a-7-year-old-immunodeficient-boy-with-epstein-barr-virus-infection-a-case-report
#15
Aleksandra Szczawinska-Poplonyk, Irena Wojsyk-Banaszak, Katarzyna Jonczyk-Potoczna, Anna Breborowicz
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory condition with lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates containing abundant IgG4-positive plasma cells. The immunopathogenesis of the disease and the potential role of triggering autoantigens or infectious factors have not been clearly defined. Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease is a new and emerging condition in pediatric patients and to date, there have been only two reports regarding pulmonary manifestation of IgG4-RD in children recently published...
June 8, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164020/long-term-pulmonary-function-in-esophageal-atresia-a-case-control-study
#16
Rikke N Pedersen, Simone Markøw, Søren Kruse-Andersen, Niels Qvist, Oke Gerke, Steffen Husby, Lone Agertoft
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a congenital anomaly associated with substantial pulmonary morbidity throughout childhood. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary complications among 59 five to 15-year-old children and adolescents with surgically corrected congenital EA. METHODS: Participants underwent a structured interview, spirometry, body plethysmography, mannitol challenge test, skin prick test, as well as measurements of the diffusion capacity, airway resistance, fraction of exhaled NO, and specific immunoglobulin E in serum...
January 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103163/the-first-reported-case-of-burkholderia-contaminans-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-in-ireland-from-the-sargasso-sea-to-irish-children
#17
Rachel F Power, Barry Linnane, Ruth Martin, Noelle Power, Peig Harnett, Brian Casserly, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia contaminans is an emerging pathogen in the cystic fibrosis (CF) setting. Included in the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), B. contaminans is a Gram negative, motile, obligate aerobe previously classified as a pseudomonad. Previous reports have described B. contaminans isolation from patients in Portugal, Switzerland, Spain, Argentina and the USA. This, however, is the first report relating to B. contaminans affecting Irish patients with CF, initially detected in a paediatric setting...
April 22, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861259/children-with-recurrent-pneumonia-and-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#18
Maria Francesca Patria, Benedetta Longhi, Mara Lelii, Claudia Tagliabue, Marinella Lavelli, Carlotta Galeone, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pneumonia (RP) is one of the most frequent causes of pediatric non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis (BE) and a consequent accelerated decline in lung function. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical records of children with RP in attempt to identify factors that may lead to an early suspicion of non-CF BE. METHODS: We recorded the demographic and clinical data, and lung function test results of children without CF attending our outpatient RP clinic between January 2009 to December 2013 who had undergone chest high-resolution computed tomography ≥ 8 weeks after an acute pneumonia episode and ≤ 6 months before enrolment...
February 9, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853343/factors-influencing-pulmonary-toxicity-in%C3%A2-children-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-setting-of-total%C3%A2-body-irradiation-based-myeloablative-conditioning
#19
Mustafa Abugideiri, Ronica H Nanda, Charlotte Butker, Chao Zhang, Sungjin Kim, Kuang-Yueh Chiang, Elizabeth Butker, Mohammad K Khan, Ann E Haight, Zhengjia Chen, Natia Esiashvili
PURPOSE: This study evaluated factors associated with increased risk of pulmonary toxicity (PT) from any cause in pediatric patients after myeloablative conditioning, using total body irradiation (TBI), followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The records of 129 consecutive pediatric patients (range: 1-21 years of age) who underwent TBI-based myeloablative conditioning for hematologic malignancies at our institution between January 2003 and May 2014 were reviewed...
February 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812974/-pulmonary-ultrasound-guidance-of-congenital-heart-disease-postoperative-ventilator-applications
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xia Han, Qing Tian, Feng Chen, Yang Wang, Han Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pulmonary ultrasound in children with congenital heart disease postoperative invasive ventilator time, non-invasive ventilator use the guide. METHODS: Using prospective clinical observation research methods, Randomly divide 100 cases ranged from 6 months to 3 years old in cardiopulmonary bypass after congenital heart disease surgery patients into ultrasound group and control group, 50 cases in each group. All postoperative give positive cardiac function maintenance, diuresis, etc...
November 3, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
keyword
keyword
53908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"