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transdermal delivery system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780407/microneedles-for-enhanced-transdermal-and-intraocular-drug-delivery
#1
REVIEW
Kurtis Moffatt, Yujing Wang, Thakur Raghu Raj Singh, Ryan F Donnelly
Microneedle mediated delivery based research has garnered great interest in recent years. In the past, the initial focus was delivery of macromolecules of biological origin, however the field has now broadened its scope to include transdermal delivery of conventional low molecular weight drug molecules. Great success has been demonstrated utilising this approach, particularly in the field of vaccine delivery. Current technological advances have permitted an enhancement in design formulation, allowing delivery of therapeutic doses of small molecule drugs and biomolecules, aided by larger patch sizes and scalable manufacture...
August 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777967/optimal-routes-of-administration-vehicles-and-timing-of-progesterone-treatment-for-inhibition-of-delivery-during-pregnancy
#2
Dajun Fang, Mario Moreno, Robert E Garfield, Ruben Kuon, Huimin Xia
OBJECTIVES: Progestins, notably progesterone (P4) and 17 alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate, are presently used to treat pregnant women at risk of preterm birth. The aim of this study was to assess the optimal treatment options for progesterone (P4) to delay delivery using a sensitive bioassay for progesterone. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant rats, known to be highly sensitive to progestins, were treated with P4, including Prochieve(®) (also known as Crinone(®)), in various vehicles from day 13 of gestation and in late gestation, days 19 to 22, and delivery times noted...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761825/gellified-emulsion-of-ofloxacin-for-transdermal-drug-delivery-system
#3
Swati Jagdale, Saylee Pawar
Purpose: Ofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone with broad-spectrum antibacterial action, used in treatment of systemic and local infections. Ofloxacin is BCS class II drug having low solubility, high permeability with short half-life. The present work was aimed to design, develop and optimize gellified emulsion of Ofloxacin to provide site targeted drug delivery. Transdermal drug delivery will enhance the bioavailability of the drug giving controlled drug release. Methods: Transdermal drug delivery system was designed with gelling agent (Carbopol 940 and HPMC K100M), oil phase (oleic acid) and emulsifying agent (Tween 80: Span 80)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761343/elastic-liposomes-as-novel-carriers-recent-advances-in-drug-delivery
#4
REVIEW
Afzal Hussain, Sima Singh, Dinesh Sharma, Thomas J Webster, Kausar Shafaat, Abdul Faruk
Elastic liposomes (EL) are some of the most versatile deformable vesicular carriers that comprise physiologically biocompatible lipids and surfactants for the delivery of numerous challenging molecules and have marked advantages over other colloidal systems. They have been investigated for a wide range of applications in pharmaceutical technology through topical, transdermal, nasal, and oral routes for efficient and effective drug delivery. Increased drug encapsulation efficiency, enhanced drug permeation and penetration into or across the skin, and ultradeformability have led to widespread interest in ELs to modulate drug release, permeation, and drug action more efficiently than conventional drug-release vehicles...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739792/transfersomal-phage-cocktail-an-effective-treatment-against-methicillin-resistant-s-aureus-mrsa-mediated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-sstis
#5
Sanjay Chhibber, Ashu Shukla, Sandeep Kaur
Emergence of drug resistance has rekindled the interest in phage therapy as an alternative treatment option. Its potency, safety and proven efficacy is worth noting. However, phage therapy still suffers from issues of poor stability, narrow spectrum and poor pharmacokinetic profile. It therefore becomes essential to look into the use of Drug Delivery Systems (DDS) for efficient delivery of lytic phages in vivo For the first time, the present study has evaluated the use of nano-structured lipid based carriers i...
July 24, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739503/improved-transdermal-delivery-of-morin-efficiently-inhibits-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#6
Jiao Yu, Kawai Wan, Xun Sun
The skin is an important site for local or systemic application of drugs. However, most of the drugs have poor permeability through the skin's outermost layer, stratum corneum. The aim of this study was to develop a method to enable transdermal delivery of morin (3, 5, 7, 2, 4-pentahydroxyflavone), which is a poorly water-soluble drug with anti-inflammatory properties obtained from natural products. Morin phospholipid complex (MPC) was prepared and then loaded in Carbopol 940 hydrogel (MPC-gel), which can significantly increase the transdermal flux of morin based on the in vitro skin penetration data presented in this paper...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732851/nanoparticle-assisted-solvent-selective-transdermal-combination-therapy-of-curcumin-and-5-flurouracil-for-efficient-cancer-treatment
#7
T S Anirudhan, Anoop S Nair, Sabari J Bino
Skin cancer is one among the many prominent diseases of the modern world and millions of people are suffering due to the lack of proper medication. Even though transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS) provide an efficient route of drug administration, the advantages of combination chemotherapy have rarely been extended into TDDS. In the present work, a polymer capable of simultaneously encapsulating two anti-cancer drugs: 5-flurouracil (5-FU) and curcumin (CUR), and releasing them with varying kinetics as a function of the leaching solvent was developed...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722543/comparison-of-ovalbumin-and-ovalbumin-epitope-peptide-for-transdermal-delivery-and-vaccination-mediated-by-the-photothermal-effect-of-gold-nanorods
#8
Aung Thu Haine, Yuji Miyamoto, Taishi Higashi, Keiichi Motoyama, Hidetoshi Arima, Takuro Niidome
Transdermal protein delivery is a powerful and attractive method for protein therapy and dermal vaccination compared with other administrations. However, this delivery method is restricted by the low permeability of the stratum corneum, a hydrophobic barrier that restricts the entry of hydrophilic molecules such as proteins. In this study, we developed an improved gel patch system carrying ovalbumin and ovalbumin epitope peptide, and then compared their permeability into the skin. First, the gel patch was placed on mouse skin to allow contact with the polymer coated gold nanorods and then irradiated by a continuous-wave laser...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721013/a-novel-local-anesthetic-system-transcriptional-transactivator-peptide-decorated-nanocarriers-for-skin-delivery-of-ropivacaine
#9
Chuanyu Chen, Peijun You
PURPOSE: Barrier properties of the skin and physicochemical properties of drugs are the main factors for the delivery of local anesthetic molecules. The present work evaluates the anesthetic efficacy of drug-loaded nanocarrier (NC) systems for the delivery of local anesthetic drug, ropivacaine (RVC). METHODS: In this study, transcriptional transactivator peptide (TAT)-decorated RVC-loaded NCs (TAT-RVC/NCs) were successfully fabricated. Physicochemical properties of NCs were determined in terms of particle size, zeta potential, drug encapsulation efficiency, drug-loading capacity, stability, and in vitro drug release...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711712/ex-vivo-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-microemulsion-based-transdermal-delivery-of-e-coli-specific-t4-bacteriophage-a-rationale-approach-to-treat-bacterial-infection
#10
Vaibhav Rastogi, Pragya Yadav, Anurag Verma, Jayanta K Pandit
This study is focused on the development and evaluation of transdermal delivery of E. coli-specific T4 bacteriophages both ex-vivo and in-vivo using microemulsion as delivery carrier in eradicating the infection caused by E. coli. Microemulsions were prepared by mixing selected oil, surfactants and aqueous phase containing bacteriophages. The formulations were subjected to physicochemical characterization, ex-vivo and in-vivo permeation, stability studies, histological and immunofluorescence examination. The colloidal system exhibits a uniform size distribution, of finite size (150-320nm)...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711550/chitosan-whisker-grafted-with-oligo-lactic-acid-nanoparticles-via-a-green-synthesis-pathway-potential-as-a-transdermal-drug-delivery-system
#11
Visuta Engkagul, I-Yanut Klaharn, Amornpun Sereemaspun, Suwabun Chirachanchai
Chitosan whisker (CSWK) grafted with oligo(lactic acid) (OLA) nanoparticles (NPs) in water is developed to aid transferring therapeutic agents through the skin in a transdermal drug delivery system. Although several works in the past have shown grafting of poly(lactic acid) onto chitosan, the present work shows a green grafting system for the first time. The nano-sized CSWK provided effective conjugation of lactic acid even in a heterogeneous water-based system followed by polycondensation to form OLA. The OLA chain length is controlled by the lactic acid content and modulates the lipophilicity of CSWK-OLA...
July 13, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709973/fractional-derivatives-in-the-diffusion-process-in-heterogeneous-systems-the-case-of-transdermal-patches
#12
Michele Caputo, Cesare Cametti
In this note, we present a simple mathematical model of drug delivery through transdermal patches by introducing a memory formalism in the classical Fick diffusion equation based on the fractional derivative. This approach is developed in the case of a medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a time released dose of medication through the skin towards the bloodstream.The main resistance to drug transport across the skin resides in the diffusion through its outermost layer (the stratum corneum)...
September 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706327/current-advances-in-transdermal-delivery-of-drugs-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Thuy Trang Nguyen, Vo Van Giau, Tuong Kha Vo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common, progressive, fatal neurodegenerative disorder, which will play an increasingly important role both socially and financially in the aging populations. Treatments for AD show modest improvements in cognition and global functioning among patients. Furthermore, the oral administration of treating AD has had some drawbacks that decrease the medication adherence and efficacy of the therapy. Transdermal drugs are proposed as an alternative remedy to overcome the disadvantages of current pharmaceutical dosage options for this chronic disorder...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693956/mechanistic-insights-of-the-enhancement-effect-of-sorbitan-monooleate-on-olanzapine-transdermal-patch-both-in-release-and-percutaneous-absorption-processes
#14
Ning Li, Peng Quan, XiaoCao Wan, Chao Liu, Xiaochang Liu, Liang Fang
In this paper, based on the optimized formulation of olanzapine (OLN) transdermal patch, the role of sorbitan monooleate (SP) in OLN release and percutaneous absorption processes was probed in vitro and in vivo. Rheological test, DSC, FT-IR and molecular modeling were conducted to elucidate the effect of SP on the release process of OLN from transdermal patch. Additionally, the action of SP on the percutaneous absorption process was probed using tape stripping transdermal experiment, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), ATR-FTIR and molecular docking...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682286/analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-transdermal-and-oral-diclofenac-in-postoperative-pain-management-following-dental-implant-placement
#15
S Raja Rajeswari, Triveni Gowda, Tarun Kumar, Dhoom S Mehta, Kanchan Arya
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of transdermal and oral routes of diclofenac for postoperative pain management in patients undergoing dental implant placement. Twenty systemically healthy, partially edentulous patients who required dental implants bilaterally in the mandibular first molar region were included. While the patient was under local anesthesia, an implant was placed in the mandibular first molar region of one quadrant. After a minimum of 4 weeks, an implant was placed in the contralateral quadrant under local anesthesia...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670109/controlled-release-of-optimized-electroporation-enhances-the-transdermal-efficiency-of-sinomenine-hydrochloride-for-treating-arthritis-in-vitro-and-in-clinic
#16
Shun Feng, Lijun Zhu, Zhisheng Huang, Haojia Wang, Hong Li, Hua Zhou, Linlin Lu, Ying Wang, Zhongqiu Liu, Liang Liu
Sinomenine hydrochloride (SH) is an ideal drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. However, high plasma concentration of systemically administered SH can release histamine, which can cause rash and gastrointestinal side effects. Topical delivery can increase SH concentration in the synovial fluid without high plasma level, thus minimizing systemic side effects. However, passive diffusion of SH was found to be inefficient because of the presence of the stratum corneum layer. Therefore, an effective method is required to compensate for the low efficiency of SH passive diffusion...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660400/development-of-a-two-dimensional-model-for-predicting-transdermal-permeation-with-the-follicular-pathway-demonstration-with-a-caffeine-study
#17
Panayiotis Kattou, Guoping Lian, Stephen Glavin, Ian Sorrell, Tao Chen
PURPOSE: The development of a new two-dimensional (2D) model to predict follicular permeation, with integration into a recently reported multi-scale model of transdermal permeation is presented. METHODS: The follicular pathway is modelled by diffusion in sebum. The mass transfer and partition properties of solutes in lipid, corneocytes, viable dermis, dermis and systemic circulation are calculated as reported previously [Pharm Res 33 (2016) 1602]. The mass transfer and partition properties in sebum are collected from existing literature...
June 28, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655324/the-topical-application-of-low-temperature-argon-plasma-enhances-the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-jaun-ointment-on-dncb-induced-nc-nga-mice
#18
Jeong-Hae Choi, Yeon-Suk Song, Hae-June Lee, Gyoo-Cheon Kim, Jin-Woo Hong
BACKGROUND: Jaun-ointment (JO), also known as Shiunko in Japan, is one of the most popular medicinal formulae used in Korean traditional medicine for the external treatment of skin wound and inflammatory skin conditions. Since JO is composed of crude mixture of two herbal extracts (radix of Lithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold & Zucc and Angelica gigas Nakai), those been proved its anti-inflammatory activities in-vitro and in-vivo, JO has been expected as a good alternative treatment option for atopic dermatitis (AD)...
June 27, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631206/diclofenac-loaded-lipid-nanovesicles-prepared-by-double-solvent-displacement-for-skin-drug-delivery
#19
M Sala, F Locher, M Bonvallet, G Agusti, A Elaissari, H Fessi
PURPOSE: Herein, we detail a promising strategy of nanovesicle preparation based on control of phospholipid self-assembly: the Double Solvent Displacement. A systematic study was conducted and diclofenac as drug model encapsulated. In vitro skin studies were carried out to identify better formulation for dermal/transdermal delivery. METHODS: This method consists in two solvent displacements. The first one, made in a free water environment, has allowed triggering a phospholipid pre-organization...
September 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620730/advances-towards-painless-vaccination-and-newer-modes-of-vaccine-delivery
#20
Neha Garg, Anju Aggarwal
Vaccines have been successful in reducing the mortality and morbidity, but most of them are delivered by intramuscular or intravenous route. They are associated with pain to the baby and bring lot of anxiety for the parents. There has been a marked increase in the number of injections required in first two years of life for completing the vaccination schedule. Hence, there is a need to have a painless vaccine delivery system. Numerous new routes of vaccination like, oral, nasal and transdermal routes are being tried...
June 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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