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RBBP4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914980/epigenetic-regulators-rbbp4-and-hdac1-are-overexpressed-in-a-zebrafish-model-of-rb1-embryonal-brain-tumor-and-are-required-for-neural-progenitor-survival-and-proliferation
#1
Laura E Schultz, Jeffrey A Haltom, Maira P Almeida, Wesley A Wierson, Staci L Solin, Trevor J Weiss, Jordan A Helmer, Elizabeth J Sandquist, Heather R Shive, Maura McGrail
In this study, we used comparative genomics and developmental genetics to identify epigenetic regulators driving oncogenesis in a zebrafish retinoblastoma 1 ( rb1 ) somatic-targeting model of RB1 mutant embryonal brain tumors. Zebrafish rb1 brain tumors caused by TALEN or CRISPR targeting are histologically similar to human central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (CNS-PNETs). Like the human oligoneural OLIG2+/SOX10+ CNS-PNET subtype, zebrafish rb1 tumors show elevated expression of neural progenitor transcription factors olig2 , sox10 , sox8b and the receptor tyrosine kinase erbb3a oncogene...
June 15, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628311/a-family-of-vertebrate-specific-polycombs-encoded-by-the-lcor-lcorl-genes-balance-prc2-subtype-activities
#2
Eric Conway, Emilia Jerman, Evan Healy, Shinsuke Ito, Daniel Holoch, Giorgio Oliviero, Orla Deevy, Eleanor Glancy, Darren J Fitzpatrick, Marlena Mucha, Ariane Watson, Alan M Rice, Paul Chammas, Christine Huang, Indigo Pratt-Kelly, Yoko Koseki, Manabu Nakayama, Tomoyuki Ishikura, Gundula Streubel, Kieran Wynne, Karsten Hokamp, Aoife McLysaght, Claudio Ciferri, Luciano Di Croce, Gerard Cagney, Raphaël Margueron, Haruhiko Koseki, Adrian P Bracken
The polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) consists of core subunits SUZ12, EED, RBBP4/7, and EZH1/2 and is responsible for mono-, di-, and tri-methylation of lysine 27 on histone H3. Whereas two distinct forms exist, PRC2.1 (containing one polycomb-like protein) and PRC2.2 (containing AEBP2 and JARID2), little is known about their differential functions. Here, we report the discovery of a family of vertebrate-specific PRC2.1 proteins, "PRC2 associated LCOR isoform 1" (PALI1) and PALI2, encoded by the LCOR and LCORL gene loci, respectively...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499137/unique-structural-platforms-of-suz12-dictate-distinct-classes-of-prc2-for-chromatin-binding
#3
Siming Chen, Lianying Jiao, Murtada Shubbar, Xin Yang, Xin Liu
Developmentally regulated accessory subunits dictate PRC2 function. Here, we report the crystal structures of a 120 kDa heterotetrameric complex consisting of Suz12, Rbbp4, Jarid2, and Aebp2 fragments that is minimally active in nucleosome binding and of an inactive binary complex of Suz12 and Rbbp4. Suz12 contains two unique structural platforms that define distinct classes of PRC2 holo complexes for chromatin binding. Aebp2 and Phf19 compete for binding of a non-canonical C2 domain of Suz12; Jarid2 and EPOP occupy an overlapped Suz12 surface required for chromatin association of PRC2...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416066/differentially-expressed-host-long-intergenic-noncoding-rna-and-mrna-in-hiv-1-and-hiv-2-infection
#4
Santanu Biswas, Mohan Haleyurgirisetty, Viswanath Ragupathy, Xue Wang, Sherwin Lee, Indira Hewlett, Krishnakumar Devadas
Non-coding RNAs and mRNAs have been implicated in replication, pathogenesis and host response in HIV infection. However, the impact of long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) on HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection is not known. In this study, we have analyzed expression profiles of lincRNAs and mRNAs in monocyte derived macrophages (MDMs) infected with HIV-1/HIV-2 using microarrays. Our study identified many differentially expressed lincRNAs and mRNAs in MDMs infected with HIV-1/HIV-2 compared to uninfected MDMs. Genes involved in glutathione metabolism and lysine degradation were differentially regulated only in HIV-1 infected MDMs...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280245/systematic-genetic-analyses-of-genome-wide-association-study-data-reveal-an-association-between-the-key-nucleosome-remodeling-and-deacetylase-complex-and-bipolar-disorder-development
#5
Bo Xiang, Kezhi Liu, Minglan Yu, Xuemei Liang, Jin Zhang, Wei Lei, Chaohua Huang, Jing Chen, Xiaochu Gu, Nian Li, Guoying Wu, Yan Wang, Wenying He, Jinhua Tan, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) are used to identify genetic variants for association with bipolar disorder (BD) risk; however, each GWAS can only reveal a small fraction of this association. This study systematically analyzed multiple GWAS data sets to provide further insights into potential causal BD processes by integrating the results of Psychiatric Genomics Consortium Phase I (PGC-I) for BD with core human pathways and functional networks. METHODS: The i-Gsea4GwasV2 program was used to analyze data from the PGC-I GWAS for BD (the pathways came from Reactome), as well as the nominally significant pathways...
December 27, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100048/novel-candidate-genes-of-the-park7-interactome-as-mediators-of-apoptosis-and-acetylation-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-in-silico-analysis
#6
George D Vavougios, Sotirios G Zarogiannis, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Dimos Dimitrios Mitsikostas, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou
BACKGROUND: currently only 4 studies have explored the potential role of PARK7's dysregulation in MS pathophysiology Currently, no study has evaluated the potential role of the PARK7 interactome in MS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the differential expression of PARK7 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclears (PBMCs) donated from MS versus healthy patients using data mining techniques. METHODS: The PARK7 interactome data from the GDS3920 profile were scrutinized for differentially expressed genes (DEGs); Gene Enrichment Analysis (GEA) was used to detect significantly enriched biological functions...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860177/effect-of-zileuton-on-osteoporotic-bone-and-its-healing-expression-of-bone-and-brain-genes-in-rats
#7
D Saul, M Ninkovic, M Komrakova, L Wolff, P Simka, T Gasimov, B Menger, D B Hoffmann, V Rohde, S Sehmisch
Estrogen deficiency and aging are associated with osteoporosis, impaired bone healing, and lower cognitive performance. Close functional and physical connections occur between bone and the central nervous system. An anti-inflammatory drug, zileuton (which is an inhibitor of arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase), is known to have a positive effect on bone tissue repair and brain ischemia. We studied the effect of zileuton on osteopenic bone and its healing and on the genes considered to be crucial for the cross talks between bone and brain...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316065/identification-of-key-genes-and-construction-of-microrna-mrna-regulatory-networks-in-multiple-myeloma-by-integrated-multiple-geo-datasets-using-bioinformatics-analysis
#8
Hongyu Gao, Huihan Wang, Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a common hematological malignancy. To identify key genes and microRNAs in MM, we downloaded two gene expression profiles (GSE16558 and GSE47552) and two microRNA expression profiles (GSE17498 and GSE16558) from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. A total of 596 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 39 differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) were screened out. Pathway analysis showed that upregulated genes were mainly enriched in the "B cell receptor signaling pathway", "Cell cycle" and "NF-kappa B signaling pathway", whereas downregulated genes were mainly enriched in the "Ribosome", "FoxO signaling pathway" and "p53 signaling pathway"...
July 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280365/downregulation-of-long-noncoding-rna-hotairm1-promotes-monocyte-dendritic-cell-differentiation-through-competitively-binding-to-endogenous-mir-3960
#9
Jiaxuan Xin, Jing Li, Yue Feng, Liyang Wang, Yuan Zhang, Rongcun Yang
Myeloid differentiation is controlled by a multilayered regulatory circuitry consisting of various elements, including histone modifications, transcription factors, and posttranscriptional regulators such as miRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and circular RNAs. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this biological process remains unclear. In this study, through epigenetic profiling analysis using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq), we identified an lncRNA, HOTAIRM1, with a critical role in myeloid development...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210221/pharmacogenomic-characterization-and-isobologram-analysis-of-the-combination-of-ascorbic-acid-and-curcumin-two-main-metabolites-of-curcuma-longa-in-cancer-cells
#10
Edna Ooko, Onat Kadioglu, Henry J Greten, Thomas Efferth
Curcuma longa has long been used in China and India as anti-inflammatory agent to treat a wide variety of conditions and also as a spice for varied curry preparations. The chemoprofile of the Curcuma species exhibits the presence of varied phytochemicals with curcumin being present in all three species but AA only being shown in C. longa. This study explored the effect of a curcumin/AA combination on human cancer cell lines. The curcumin/AA combination was assessed by isobologram analysis using the Loewe additivity drug interaction model...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179136/expression-purification-and-characterization-of-the-human-mta2-rbbp7-complex
#11
Christoffer Brasen, Jerzy Dorosz, Anders Wiuf, Thomas Boesen, Osman Mirza, Michael Gajhede
The repressive Nucleosome Remodeling and histone Deacetylation (NuRD) complex remodels the chromatin structure by coupling ATP-dependent remodeling activity with histone deacetylase function and plays important roles in regulating gene transcription, DNA damage repair and chromatin assembly. The complex is composed of six subunits: Metastasis Associated proteins MTA1/2/3 initially recruit histone chaperones RBBP4/7 followed by the histone deacetylases HDAC1/2 forming a core complex. Further association of the CpG-binding protein MBD2/3, p66α/β and the ATP-dependent helicase CDH3/4 constitutes the NuRD complex...
May 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053041/lhx2-interacts-with-the-nurd-complex-and-regulates-cortical-neuron-subtype-determinants-fezf2-and-sox11
#12
Bhavana Muralidharan, Zeba Khatri, Upasana Maheshwari, Ritika Gupta, Basabdatta Roy, Saurabh J Pradhan, Krishanpal Karmodiya, Hari Padmanabhan, Ashwin S Shetty, Chinthapalli Balaji, Ullas Kolthur-Seetharam, Jeffrey D Macklis, Sanjeev Galande, Shubha Tole
In the developing cerebral cortex, sequential transcriptional programs take neuroepithelial cells from proliferating progenitors to differentiated neurons with unique molecular identities. The regulatory changes that occur in the chromatin of the progenitors are not well understood. During deep layer neurogenesis, we show that transcription factor LHX2 binds to distal regulatory elements of Fezf2 and Sox11, critical determinants of neuron subtype identity in the mouse neocortex. We demonstrate that LHX2 binds to the nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase histone remodeling complex subunits LSD1, HDAC2, and RBBP4, which are proximal regulators of the epigenetic state of chromatin...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909100/lhx2-interacts-with-the-nurd-complex-and-regulates-cortical-neuron-subtype-determinants-fezf2-and-sox11
#13
Bhavana Muralidharan, Zeba Khatri, Upasana Maheshwari, Ritika Gupta, Basabdatta Roy, Saurabh J Pradhan, Krishanpal Karmodiya, Hari Padmanabhan, Ashwin Shetty, Chinthapalli Balaji, Ullas Kolthur-Seetharam, Jeffrey D Macklis, Sanjeev Galande, Shubha Tole
In the developing cerebral cortex, sequential transcriptional programs take neuroepithelial cells from proliferating progenitors to differentiated neurons with unique molecular identities. The regulatory changes that occur in the chromatin of the progenitors are not well understood. During deep layer neurogenesis, we show that transcription factor Lhx2 binds to distal regulatory elements of Fezf2 and Sox11, critical determinants of neuron subtype identity in the mouse neocortex. We demonstrate that Lhx2 binds to the NuRD histone remodeling complex subunits LSD1, HDAC2, and RBBP4, which are proximal regulators of the epigenetic state of chromatin...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267406/cloning-and-expression-of-retinoblastoma-binding-protein-4-gene-in-embryo-diapause-termination-and-in-response-to-salinity-stress-from-brine-shrimp-artemia-sinica
#14
Xiaolu Wang, Feng Yao, Xiaoyu Liang, Xiaolin Zhu, Ren Zheng, Baolin Jia, Lin Hou, Xiangyang Zou
Retinoblastoma binding protein 4 (RBBP4) is a nuclear protein with four WD-repeat sequences and thus belongs to a highly conserved subfamily of proteins with such domains. This retinoblastoma-binding protein plays an important role in nucleosome assembly and histone modification, which influences gene transcription and regulates cell cycle and proliferation. Artemia sinica (brine shrimp) undergoes an unusual diapause process under stress conditions of high salinity and low temperature. However, the role of RBBP4 in diapause termination of embryo development in A...
October 15, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144666/the-mta1-subunit-of-the-nucleosome-remodeling-and-deacetylase-complex-can-recruit-two-copies-of-rbbp4-7
#15
Jason W Schmidberger, Mehdi Sharifi Tabar, Mario Torrado, Ana P G Silva, Michael J Landsberg, Lou Brillault, Saad AlQarni, Yi Cheng Zeng, Benjamin L Parker, Jason K K Low, Joel P Mackay
The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex remodels the genome in the context of both gene transcription and DNA damage repair. It is essential for normal development and is distributed across multiple tissues in organisms ranging from mammals to nematode worms. In common with other chromatin-remodeling complexes, however, its molecular mechanism of action is not well understood and only limited structural information is available to show how the complex is assembled. As a step towards understanding the structure of the NuRD complex, we have characterized the interaction between two subunits: the metastasis associated protein MTA1 and the histone-binding protein RBBP4...
August 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098840/the-structure-of-the-core-nurd-repression-complex-provides-insights-into-its-interaction-with-chromatin
#16
Christopher J Millard, Niranjan Varma, Almutasem Saleh, Kyle Morris, Peter J Watson, Andrew R Bottrill, Louise Fairall, Corinne J Smith, John W R Schwabe
The NuRD complex is a multi-protein transcriptional corepressor that couples histone deacetylase and ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling activities. The complex regulates the higher-order structure of chromatin, and has important roles in the regulation of gene expression, DNA damage repair and cell differentiation. HDACs 1 and 2 are recruited by the MTA1 corepressor to form the catalytic core of the complex. The histone chaperone protein RBBP4, has previously been shown to bind to the carboxy-terminal tail of MTA1...
April 21, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040446/grifola-frondosa-glycoprotein-gfg-3a-arrests-s-phase-alters-proteome-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-gastric-cancer-cells
#17
Fengjie Cui, Xinyi Zan, Yunhong Li, Wenjing Sun, Yan Yang, Lifeng Ping
GFG-3a is a novel glycoprotein previously purified from the fermented mycelia of Grifola frondosa with novel sugar compositions and protein sequencing. The present study aims to investigate its effects on the cell cycle, differential proteins expression, and apoptosis of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells. Our findings revealed that GFG-3a induced the cell apoptosis and arrested cell cycle at S phase. GFG-3a treatment resulted in the differential expression of 21 proteins in SGC-7901 cells by upregulating 10 proteins including RBBP4 associated with cell cycle arrest and downregulating 11 proteins including RUVBL1, NPM, HSP90AB1, and GRP78 involved in apoptosis and stress response...
2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007137/multiple-lytic-origins-of-replication-are-required-for-optimal-gammaherpesvirus-fitness-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#18
Christine Sattler, Beatrix Steer, Heiko Adler
An unresolved question in herpesvirus biology is why some herpesviruses contain more than one lytic origin of replication (oriLyt). Using murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) as model virus containing two oriLyts, we demonstrate that loss of either of the two oriLyts was well tolerated in some situations but not in others both in vitro and in vivo. This was related to the cell type, the organ or the route of inoculation. Depending on the cell type, different cellular proteins, for example Hexim1 and Rbbp4, were found to be associated with oriLyt DNA...
March 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972001/retinoblastoma-binding-protein-4-modulates-temozolomide-sensitivity-in-glioblastoma-by-regulating-dna-repair-proteins
#19
Gaspar J Kitange, Ann C Mladek, Mark A Schroeder, Jenny C Pokorny, Brett L Carlson, Yuji Zhang, Asha A Nair, Jeong-Heon Lee, Huihuang Yan, Paul A Decker, Zhiguo Zhang, Jann N Sarkaria
Here we provide evidence that RBBP4 modulates temozolomide (TMZ) sensitivity through coordinate regulation of two key DNA repair genes critical for recovery from TMZ-induced DNA damage: methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) and RAD51. Disruption of RBBP4 enhanced TMZ sensitivity, induced synthetic lethality to PARP inhibition, and increased DNA damage signaling in response to TMZ. Moreover, RBBP4 silencing enhanced TMZ-induced H2AX phosphorylation and apoptosis in GBM cells. Intriguingly, RBBP4 knockdown suppressed the expression of MGMT, RAD51, and other genes in association with decreased promoter H3K9 acetylation (H3K9Ac) and increased H3K9 tri-methylation (H3K9me3)...
March 22, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885679/in-vitro-maturation-alters-gene-expression-in-bovine-oocytes
#20
Paulo R Adona, Cláudia L V Leal, Fernando H Biase, Tiago H De Bem, Lígia G Mesquita, Flávio V Meirelles, André L Ferraz, Luiz R Furlan, Paulo S Monzani, Samuel Guemra
Gene expression profiling of in vivo- and in vitro-matured bovine oocytes can identify transcripts related to the developmental potential of oocytes. Nonetheless, the effects of in vitro culturing oocytes are yet to be fully understood. We tested the effects of in vitro maturation on the transcript profile of oocytes collected from Bos taurus indicus cows. We quantified the expression of 1488 genes in in vivo- and in vitro-matured oocytes. Of these, 51 genes were up-regulated, whereas 56 were down-regulated (≥2-fold) in in vivo-matured oocytes in comparison with in vitro-matured oocytes...
August 2016: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
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