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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774710/-prevalence-of-acid-burns-among-asylum-seekers-hosted-in-an-initial-reception-centre-as-an-example-of-health-assessment-in-a-fragile-population
#2
Fulvio Ricceri, Veronica Sciannameo, Federico De Michelis, Lucia Perucca, Luisa Mondo, Roberto Raffaele Pepe, Carlotta Sacerdote
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the prevalence of acid burns among asylum seekers hosted in an initial reception centre and to evaluate if the prevalence is reduced after the introduction of the European Union (EU) regulation No. 29 (14th September 2016) that indirectly reduced the permanence time of the subjects on board of boats. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 10,627 asylum seekers hosted in the centre for initial reception of Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta Regions (Northern Italy) between June 2016 and May 2017...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#3
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772813/the-rights-of-children-on-the-move-and-the-budapest-declaration
#4
Charles Oberg
It has been estimated that more than 50,000,000 children and youth have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own country. They consist of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDP), economic migrants, and exploited trafficked children. They are virtually "stateless", children deprived of the protective structures of state and family that they need and deserve and unrecognized by either their country of origin or the international community. This opinion piece starts with the personal reflections of its author on his recent work in Middle East refugee camps...
May 17, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771941/efficacy-of-ivermectin-mass-drug-administration-to-control-scabies-in-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands-a-retrospective-cohort-study-between-january-2014-march-2016
#5
Dorien T Beeres, Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Annelies Heidema, Darren Cornish, Machiel Vonk, Leonie D Wijnholds, Jessica J H Hendriks, Johanneke Kleinnijenhuis, Till F Omansen, Ymkje Stienstra
Scabies is a skin infestation with the mite Sarcoptes scabiei causing itch and rash and is a major risk factor for bacterial skin infections and severe complications. Here, we evaluated the treatment outcome of 2866 asylum seekers who received (preventive) scabies treatment before and during a scabies intervention programme (SIP) in the main reception centre in the Netherlands between January 2014 and March 2016. A SIP was introduced in the main national reception centre based on frequent observations of scabies and its complications amongst Eritrean and Ethiopian asylum seekers in the Netherlands...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#6
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761774/-tuberculosis-among-asylum-seekers
#7
Kristina Langholz Kristensen, Marie Nørredam, Troels Lillebæk, Ebbe Munk-Andersen, Pernille Ravn
Global migration is increasing, including migration from tuberculosis (TB) high-incidence countries to TB low-incidence countries as Denmark. Asylum seekers are at increased risk of having TB, and screening for TB is potentially highly relevant in Europe. However, there is a large variation in the ways screening is carried out and in the yield of the different screening programmes. There is a need of more quality data on how effectively to target the screening among asylum seekers, considering both the TB incidence in the country of origin and the risk factors along the migration route...
May 7, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757209/immunization-offer-targeting-migrants-policies-and-practices-in-italy
#8
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Martina Del Manso, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Maria Grazia Dente, Silvia Declich
The unprecedented flow of migrants over the last three years places Italy in front of new issues regarding medical care from the rescue phase up to the integration into the national health services, including preventive actions. We used online questionnaires to investigate the Italian national and regional policies for immunization offer targeting asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants and unaccompanied minors. Another questionnaire was used to assess how these policies are translated into practice in migrant reception centres and community health services...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#9
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743059/enhanced-surveillance-for-tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-finland-2014-2016
#10
Pirre E Räisänen, Hanna Soini, Pirjo Turtiainen, Tuula Vasankari, Petri Ruutu, J Pekka Nuorti, Outi Lyytikäinen
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born residents is increasing in many European countries including Finland. We conducted enhanced TB surveillance to collect supplementary information on TB cases among recent immigrants and their children to provide data for revising TB control policies in Finland to take into account the decrease in native cases and increase in foreign-born cases. METHODS: TB cases were identified from the National Infectious Diseases Register...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725136/unexpected-agency-on-the-threshold-asylum-seekers-narrating-from-an-asylum-seeker-centre
#11
Halleh Ghorashi, Marije de Boer, Floor Ten Holder
Several studies have described the condition of asylum seekers as being on the threshold or in-between structures . Victor Turner's concept of liminality and Agamben's state of exception have been used extensively to analyse this condition, mostly to show the negative implications of the ambiguous legal (non-) status. This article argues that the condition of liminality provides an intensified doubleness of impossibility and possibility for action, which casts a different light on conceptualizing agency. Without disregarding the downside of this liminal, in-between condition, the article shows that the lack of 'normalized' connectedness to the new structure combined with physical distance from the past structure, enables reflection and feeds the power of imagination...
May 2018: Current Sociology. la Sociologie Contemporaine.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693623/impact-of-the-introduction-of-the-electronic-health-insurance-card-on-the-use-of-medical-services-by-asylum-seekers-in-germany
#12
Kevin Claassen, Pia Jäger
Objectives: Asylum seekers in Germany represent a highly vulnerable group from a health perspective. Furthermore, their access to healthcare is restricted. While the introduction of the Electronic Health Insurance Card (EHIC) for asylum seekers instead of healthcare-vouchers is discussed controversially using politico-economic reasons, there is hardly any empirical evidence regarding its actual impact on the use of medical services. The aim of the study is to examine this impact on the use of medical services by asylum seekers as measured by their consultation rate of ambulant physicians (CR)...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692316/extended-screening-for-infectious-diseases-among-newly-arrived-asylum-seekers-from-africa-and-asia-verona-province-italy-april-2014-to-june-2015
#13
Dora Buonfrate, Federico Gobbi, Valentina Marchese, Chiara Postiglione, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Giovanni Giorli, Giuseppina Napoletano, Zeno Bisoffi
Background and aimManagement of health issues presented by newly-arrived migrants is often limited to communicable diseases even though other health issues may be more prevalent. We report the results of infectious disease screening proposed to 462 recently-arrived asylum seekers over 14 years of age in Verona province between April 2014 and June 2015. Methods: Screening for latent tuberculosis (TB) was performed via tuberculin skin test (TST) and/or QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube assay and/or chest X-ray. An ELISA was used to screen for syphilis...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686628/being-through-doing-the-self-immolation-of-an-asylum-seeker-in-switzerland
#14
Gail Womersley, Laure Kloetzer
In April 2016, Armin, an asylum seeker in a village of Switzerland, set himself alight in the public square of the town, one of a few cases reported across Europe. He performed the act following a denied request for asylum and was saved by bystanders. We present the results of two qualitative interviews conducted with Armin, his translator and his roommate following the incident. The act is theorized through the lens of a dialogical analysis focusing on the concept of social recognition. The notion of trauma is considered as a key mediating mechanism, theorized as creating ruptures in time, memory, language, and social connections to an Other...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675644/pediatrician-experienced-barriers-in-the-medical-care-for-refugee-children-in-the-netherlands
#15
A Baauw, S Rosiek, B Slattery, M Chinapaw, M Boele van Hensbroek, J B van Goudoever, J Kist-van Holthe
Pediatricians in the Netherlands have been confronted with high numbers of refugee children in their daily practice. Refugee children have been recognized as an at-risk population because they may have an increased burden of physical and mental health conditions, and their caretakers may experience barriers in gaining access to the Dutch health care system. The aim of the study was to gain insight into the barriers in the health care for refugee children perceived by pediatricians by analyzing logistical problems reported through the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance Unit, an online system where pediatricians can report predefined conditions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673804/infectious-disease-health-services-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-during-a-time-of-crisis-a-scoping-study-of-six-european-union-countries
#16
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Mariya Samuilova, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Enrico Girardi, Pierluca Piselli, Alexander Kentikelenis
BACKGROUND: Systematic information on infectious disease services provided to refugees and asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is sparse. We conducted a scoping study of experts in six EU countries in order to map health system responses related to infectious disease prevention and control among refugees and asylum seekers. METHODS: We conducted 27 semi-structured in-depth interviews with first-line staff and health officials to collect information about existing guidelines and practices at each stage of reception in first-entry (Greece/Italy), transit (Croatia/Slovenia), and destination countries (Austria/Sweden)...
April 11, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#17
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652776/the-effects-of-traumatic-and-multiple-loss-on-psychopathology-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-iraqi-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands-erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626396/settling-ulysses-an-adapted-research-agenda-for-refugee-mental-health
#19
Yudit Namer, Oliver Razum
Refugees and asylum seekers arriving in Europe during the 2015/2016 wave of migration have been exposed to war conditions in their country of origin, survived a dangerous journey, and often struggled with negative reception in transit and host countries. The mental health consequence of such forced migration experiences is named the Ulysses syndrome. Policies regarding the right to residency can play an important role in reducing mental health symptoms. We propose that facilitating a sense of belonging should be seen as one important preventive mental healthcare intervention...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620426/high-rate-of-latent-tuberculosis-treatment-completion-in-immigrants-seeking-asylum-in-sweden
#20
O Olsson, N Winqvist, M Olsson, P Olsson, P Björkman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Treatment of latently infected individuals at increased risk of reactivation is a cornerstone in tuberculosis control. Although asylum seekers without residence permit in Sweden are offered screening for both active tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), treatment for LTBI is often not initiated due to anticipated low rates of treatment completion. We aimed to compare completion rates for LTBI treatment between asylum seekers and other patients, and between asylum seekers with and without residence permit...
April 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
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