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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an%C3%A2-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#1
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306505/igg-antibody-prevalence-suggests-high-immunization-needs-in-newcomers-to-luxembourg-2012
#2
Judith M Hübschen, Emilie Charpentier, Pierre Weicherding, Claude P Muller
Vaccine coverage of the general population in Luxembourg is high, but refugees or asylum seekers may be incompletely vaccinated and susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. In order to assess protection rates, serum and oral fluid samples were collected from 406 newcomers aged between 13 and 70 years arriving between May and September 2012. Sera were screened for IgG antibodies against measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. Oral fluid samples were screened for antibodies against measles, mumps and rubella virus to investigate their suitability for antibody prevalence studies...
January 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304877/what-is-required-for-community-based-participatory-research-to-be-effective-studying-asylum-seekers-access-to-healthcare
#3
Ifat Vainer, Tamy Shohat
This commentary on the paper by Gottlieb et al. [IJPHR November 2017] expands the discussion of the community-based participatory research approach, which is based on equal partnership between researchers and community members. We emphasize the essential principles that were originally introduced in order for this approach to be effective.
January 5, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#4
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286012/hepatitis-a-b-c-and-hiv-seroprevalence-among-syrian-refugee-children-admitted-to-outpatient-clinics
#5
Şükran Köse, Ilker Ödemiş, Didem Çelik, Bengü Gireniz Tatar, Ilkay Akbulut, Dilek Yilmaz Çiftdoğan
Viral hepatitis is the most common cause of serious health problems such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Leading to immunodeficiency disorders through different mechanisms, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes the development of severe secondary infections. Hepatitis A (HAV) is thought to spread by the faecal-oral route, while Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV are mostly transmitted vertically during childhood. In our study, we aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV among Syrian refugee children who were admitted to outpatient clinics...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284288/traumatic-brain-injury-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#6
Jacob I McPherson
BACKGROUND: Refugees and asylum seekers face many challenges in their pursuit of a safe home. The journey for displaced individuals can be extremely dangerous and many do not survive or go missing. Survivors face significant risks of injury, abuse, and torture. Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common and disabling injuries sustained by these populations. This already complex condition can have profound implications on these groups and their families due to factors related to mental health, cultural perspectives, and their ability to navigate healthcare systems...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284285/barriers-to-contraceptive-careseeking-the-experience-of-eritrean-asylum-seeking-women-in-israel
#7
Tsega Gebreyesus, Nora Gottlieb, Zebib Sultan, Habtom Mehari Ghebrezghiabher, Wietse Tol, Peter J Winch, Nadav Davidovitch, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been a mass migration of Eritreans (many seeking political asylum) into Israel after precarious irregular movement across international borders. This study qualitatively explores the structural barriers to family planning (i.e. contraceptive services) for Eritrean women in Israel that are rooted in their temporary legal status and the patchwork of family planning services. DESIGN/METHODS: From December 2012 to September 2013, we interviewed 25 key informants (NGO workers, researchers, Eritrean community activists, International NGO representatives and Ministry of Health officials) and 12 Eritrean asylum seekers...
December 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280429/case-report-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-an-asylum-seeker-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#8
Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Christina Louka, Mariëtte Lokate, Erik Bathoorn, Spyros Pournaras, Tjip S van der Werf, Wiel C M de Lange, Ymkje Stienstra, Onno W Akkerman
A Syrian asylum seeker with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) developed a bronchopleural fistula after pneumonectomy. Although screening tests were negative on admission, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae were cultured after a few months of TB treatment. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms is reported to be increased in asylum seekers compared with the general Dutch population. Arduous conditions during transit and interrupted health care delivery in our patient led to multiple-resistant microorganisms that complicated treatment...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260597/a-review-of-adolescent-autobiographical-memory-and-the-implications-for-assessment-of-unaccompanied-minors-refugee-determinations
#9
Zoe Given-Wilson, Matthew Hodes, Jane Herlihy
The number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) is increasing, and unlike those who arrive with their parents, UASC are subject to interview to determine refugee status. The limited amount of objective evidence available in most asylum claims means that the UASC's account of their experiences often becomes key in deciding whether or not the young person is granted protection. Research indicates that assumptions about human memory influence decision-makers' views on asylum seekers' accounts; however, these do not necessarily appear to fit with the published research on autobiographical memory and may lead to an unfair decision...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260574/ghosts-tigers-and-landmines-in-the-nursery-attachment-narratives-of-loss-in-tamil-refugee-children-with-dead-or-missing-fathers
#10
Lux Ratnamohan, Sarah Mares, Derrick Silove
OBJECTIVE: To build an account of how bereaved Tamil refugee and asylum seeker children, resettled in Australia, had processed the loss of their dead or missing fathers. METHOD: Phenomenological and discourse analysis was applied to attachment narratives of nine children (aged 11-17 years) and their surviving mothers in families that lost fathers in war-related circumstances. The narratives were analysed through the lens of Crittenden's Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) and Klass' cross-cultural model of grief...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239703/managing-narcissistic-impulse-reminiscence-and-cultural-ideal-under-the-circumstances-of-mass-immigration
#11
Maria Leticia Castrechini-Franieck
Mass immigration is an occurrence associated with group psychology and triggers unusual reactions between newcomers and the indigenous population. This paper presents some results of psychological counseling work in an ongoing project of providing early psychological help for current traumatized refugees and asylum seekers in Europe who otherwise are unable to afford treatment, not even the usual consultations in common mental health settings. In particular, thoughts about the management of "cultural ideals" during the process of mass immigration came to light...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239701/variations-on-the-migratory-theme-immigrants-or-exiles-refugees-or-asylees
#12
Ruth M Lijtmaer
When a country is engulfed in war, or overrun by a dictator who begins killing, its citizens are forced to flee. In such situations, the only compassionate response is to take people in. With the ongoing mass migration to Europe, these refugees pay smugglers to take them to safety, but there is no safe place to go since nobody wants them. They leave in a rush to save their lives and their families due to political and religious fear, death threats, rape of women, or forced labor. They do not have time to mourn the losses, there is no time for "ideal migration" where destination countries can choose whom they will take in...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232456/susceptibility-to-measles-in-migrant-population-implication-for-policy-makers
#13
Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Elisabetta Riva, Eleonora Cella, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Marina De Cesaris, Marta Fogolari, Giordano Dicuonzo, Massimo Ciccozzi, Silvia Angeletti
Background: Despite a large measles outbreak is taking place in WHO European region, currently no data are available on measles immunization coverage in the asylum seeker and migrants hosted in this area. Methods: Two hundred and fifty-six migrants upon their arrival in Italy on March, April and May 2016 were screened for measles virus IgG antibodies by chemiluminescence immunoassay (Liaison XL analyzer, Diasorin, Italy). The virus susceptibility in this cohort, the differences between the official country reported and the observed measles immunization coverage and the impact of current measles outbreak on the asylum seekers hosted in the largest Asylum Seeker centres of Italy, were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226796/-if-i-speak-english-what-am-i-i-am-full-man-me-emotional-impact-and-barriers-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-learning-english
#14
Tania Salvo, Amanda C de C Williams
Lack of proficiency in the language of the host country predicts distress among refugees, but many refugees and asylum seekers in the United Kingdom have less than functional English. This study examined how learning English affected refugees' and asylum seekers' lives, particularly their emotional wellbeing, to explore what factors, particularly psychological ones, facilitated or impeded their learning English. We recruited 16 refugees and asylum seekers from an inner-city National Health Service trauma service and from a charity providing one-to-one English classes...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226789/the-emotional-distress-of-asylum-seekers-in-israel-and-the-characteristics-of-those-seeking-psychiatric-versus-medical-help
#15
Naama Kiat, Rafael Youngmann, Ido Lurie
Israel has become a destination for asylum seekers. Asylum seekers often experience emotional distress, but have limited access to health services and rarely use psychiatric services. This study sought to understand and characterize the use of psychiatric versus medical services by asylum seekers in Israel. We compared the emotional distress, stressful life events and previous treatment consultations of 21 psychiatric service users (PSU) and 55 medical service users (MSU) at the Open Clinic of Physicians for Human Rights in Tel-Aviv...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226788/mental-health-for-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-displaced-persons-a-call-for-a-humanitarian-agenda
#16
Sofie Bäärnhielm, Kees Laban, Meryam Schouler-Ocak, Cécile Rousseau, Laurence J Kirmayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#17
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across their lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202665/the-social-determinants-of-refugee-mental-health-in-the-post-migration-context-a-critical-review
#18
Michaela Hynie
With the global increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health professionals have become more aware of the need to understand and respond to the mental health needs of forced migrants. This critical review summarizes the findings of recent systematic reviews and primary research on the impact of post-migration conditions on mental disorders and PTSD among refugees and asylum seekers. Historically, the focus of mental health research and interventions with these populations has been on the impact of pre-migration trauma...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198899/sentinel-surveillance-data-from-eritrean-migrants-in-italy-the-theory-of-healthy-migrants
#19
Massimo Ciccozzi, Eleonora Cella, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Giordano Dicuonzo, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Alessia Conti, Rossella Ottaviani, Marina De Cesaris, Silvia Spoto, Silvia Angeletti
BACKGROUND: Eritrean migrants accounted for the majority of people who drowned in the Mediterranean this year. Recently, data deficit about international migration has been reported. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three Eritrean migrants, upon their arrival in Italy, were accommodated at the asylum seekers center of Castelnuovo di Porto, together with 25 sanitary workers, and received microbiological surveillance at the Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Unit of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome...
December 2, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198642/caring-for-undocumented-immigrants-with-kidney-disease
#20
Rajeev Raghavan
The care of dialysis-dependent undocumented immigrants exemplifies a problem at the crux of 2 US national agendas: immigration and health care reform. Undocumented immigrants represent 3% of the US population and 27% of the uninsured, and an estimated 6,500 individuals are dialysis dependent. With no uniform national policy, an estimated 30% to 50% of these individuals receive treatment only in life-threatening situations (emergent dialysis). Since 2005, about 400 undocumented immigrants have received a kidney transplant (>70% living)...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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