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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#1
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678333/small-animal-neonatal-health
#2
REVIEW
Robyn R Wilborn
Although most veterinarians have been caring for neonates successfully for several years, it is often good to review our methods and aim to incorporate new practices that will increase survivability, especially of the weaker neonates. These tips are easy to incorporate and do not require radical change by the doctors or staff. Armed with some key pearls of neonatal knowledge and basic clinical skills, one can successfully prevent and treat the most common clinical presentations of neonatal puppies and kittens...
April 17, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678074/a-synthesis-of-students-theses-in-the-accredited-hhsi-master-s-programme
#3
Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Kaija Saranto
Education in Health Informatics (HI) has been a key priority to guarantee knowledge and skills for professionals working in healthcare settings. One of the early academic models to teach HI are the recommendations provided by the International Medical Informatics Association. The paper describes the curriculum developed for master's degrees and the status of a paradigm used in informatics education, as well as research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesise the methodological focuses in students' theses and discuss the future needs for development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677982/consequences-of-switching-to-blended-learning-the-grenoble-medical-school-key-elements
#4
Sahal Houssein, Lionel Di Marco, Carole Schwebel, Vanda Luengo, Patrice Morand, Pierre Gillois
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the Grenoble-Alpes University Medical School decided to switch the learning paradigm of the first year to a blended learning model based on a flipped classroom with a continuous dual assessment system providing personal follow-up. We report a descriptive analysis of two pedagogical models. METHODS: The innovative blended learning model is divided into 5 week-sequences of learning, starting with a series of knowledge capsules, following with Interactive On Line Questions, Interactive On Site Training and an Explanation Meeting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#5
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675038/effects-of-time-compressed-speech-training-on-multiple-functional-and-structural-neural-mechanisms-involving-the-left-superior-temporal-gyrus
#6
Tsukasa Maruyama, Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Kosuke Motoki, Hyeonjeong Jeong, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Rui Nouchi, Kunio Iizuka, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Kohei Sakaki, Yukako Sasaki, Daniele Magistro, Ryuta Kawashima
Time-compressed speech is an artificial form of rapidly presented speech. Training with time-compressed speech (TCSSL) in a second language leads to adaptation toward TCSSL. Here, we newly investigated the effects of 4 weeks of training with TCSSL on diverse cognitive functions and neural systems using the fractional amplitude of spontaneous low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF), resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) with the left superior temporal gyrus (STG), fractional anisotropy (FA), and regional gray matter volume (rGMV) of young adults by magnetic resonance imaging...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673606/aging-barriers-influencing-mobile-health-usability-for-older-adults-a-literature-based-framework-mold-us
#7
REVIEW
G A Wildenbos, Linda Peute, Monique Jaspers
BACKGROUND: With the growing population of older adults as a potential user group of mHealth, the need increases for mHealth interventions to address specific aging characteristics of older adults. The existence of aging barriers to computer use is widely acknowledged. Yet, usability studies show that mHealth still fails to be appropriately designed for older adults and their expectations. To enhance designs of mHealth aimed at older adult populations, it is essential to gain insight into aging barriers that impact the usability of mHealth as experienced by these adults...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673360/identifying-barriers-for-out-of-hospital-emergency-care-in-low-and-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#8
Antony Gatebe Kironji, Peter Hodkinson, Sarah Stewart de Ramirez, Trisha Anest, Lee Wallis, Junaid Razzak, Alexander Jenson, Bhakti Hansoti
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital emergency care (OHEC), also known as prehospital care, has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from serious illness. We sought to summarize literature for low and low-middle income countries to identify barriers to and key interventions for OHEC delivery. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the peer reviewed literature from January 2005 to March 2015 in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science. All articles referencing research from low and low-middle income countries addressing OHEC, emergency medical services, or transport/transfer of patients were included...
April 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673346/elements-for-harnessing-participatory-action-research-to-strengthen-health-managers-capacity-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Moses Tetui, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Health managers play a key role in ensuring that health services are responsive to the needs of the population. Participatory action research (PAR) is one of the approaches that have been used to strengthen managers' capacity. However, collated knowledge on elements for harnessing PAR to strengthen managers' capacity is missing. This paper bridges this gap by reviewing existing literature on the subject matter. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis method was used to interrogate eight selected articles...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673132/the-effects-of-vortioxetine-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-inadequate-response-to-current-antidepressants-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-short-term-randomized-double-blind-exploratory-study-versus-escitalopram
#10
Eduard Vieta, Lasse B Sluth, Christina K Olsen
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. This study explored the effects of vortioxetine versus escitalopram on outcomes of cognition, functioning and mood symptoms in depressed patients with inadequate response to current antidepressant treatment. METHODS: In this parallel-group, active-comparator study, adult patients (18-65 years, N = 101) with MDD, with inadequate response to current antidepressant monotherapy, were randomized 1:1 to 8 weeks' double-blind treatment with flexible doses (10-20mg/day) of either vortioxetine or escitalopram...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672116/resisting-attraction-individual-differences-in-executive-control-are-associated-with-subject-verb-agreement-errors-in-production
#11
Alma Veenstra, Kyriakos Antoniou, Napoleon Katsos, Mikhail Kissine
We propose that attraction errors in agreement production (e.g., the key to the cabinets are missing) are related to two components of executive control: working memory and inhibitory control. We tested 138 children aged 10 to 12, an age when children are expected to produce high rates of errors. To increase the potential of individual variation in executive control skills, participants came from monolingual, bilingual, and bidialectal language backgrounds. Attraction errors were elicited with a picture description task in Dutch and executive control was measured with a digit span task, Corsi blocks task, switching task, and attentional networks task...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671966/perceptions-of-organizational-capacity-to-promote-physical-activity-in-canada-and-participaction-s-influence-five-years-after-its-relaunch-a-qualitative-study
#12
Subha Ramanathan, Guy Faulkner, Tanya Berry, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
INTRODUCTION: ParticipACTION is a Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization relaunched in 2007. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate organizational capacity for physical activity promotion among Canadian organizations, and the influence of ParticipACTION on capacity five years after relaunch. METHODS: Using a purposive sampling strategy, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 44 key informants representing national, provincial, and local organizations with a mandate to promote physical activity...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671253/novel-methods-for-screening-contributions-from-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up
#13
E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Heather A Yarger, Mary Dozier
Preventative interventions are needed across the lifespan, including for children who have experienced maltreatment. However, interventions' effect sizes are typically smaller in real-world settings than in clinical trials. Identifying providers who are likely to implement interventions with fidelity could promote implementation outcomes through targeted allocation of training resources. This study tested two pre-training screening measures as predictors of provider fidelity to Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), a preventative intervention for maltreated infants...
April 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669089/what-works-and-does-not-work-in-a-self-management-intervention-for-people-with-chronic-pain-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#14
Hemakumar Devan, Leigh Hale, Dagmar Hempel, Barbara Saipe, Meredith A Perry
Background: Self-management interventions fostering self-efficacy improve the well-being of people with chronic pain. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to synthesize the enablers (what works) and barriers (what does not) of incorporating self-management strategies for people in everyday life after completion of a pain self-management intervention. Data Sources: Major electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar) were searched from inception to July 2016...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668717/using-the-normalization-process-theory-to-qualitatively-explore-sense-making-in-implementation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programme-it-s-not-rocket-science
#15
Eileen Sutton, Georgia Herbert, Sorrel Burden, Stephen Lewis, Steve Thomas, Andy Ness, Charlotte Atkinson
INTRODUCTION: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programme (ERAS) is an approach to the perioperative care of patients encompassing multiple interventions and involving a wide range of different actors. It can thus be defined as a complex intervention. Despite the strength of the evidence-base in its support, the implementation of ERAS has been slow. This paper specifically explores the utility of Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a methodological framework to aid exploration of ERAS implementation, with a focus on the core NPT construct coherence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665214/an-analysis-of-clinical-transition-stresses-experienced-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-methods-approach
#16
M Botelho, X Gao, S Y Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: Stress in dental students is well established with potential psychological distress, emotional exhaustion and burnout-related symptoms. Little attention has been given to the problems encountered by dental students during the transition from theoretical or paraclinical training to the clinical environment. The aim of this study was to adopt a qualitative research methods approach to understand the perceived stressors during students' clinical transition and provide insights for curriculum planners to enhance learning...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663891/flipped-learning-can-rheumatology-lead-the-shift-in-medical-education
#17
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, Sally Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To: 1. implement flipped classroom rheumatology teaching for undergraduate education. 2. Evaluate outcomes of teaching using OSCE assessment and student perceived effectiveness and satisfaction survey. METHODS: The flipped classroom education was conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: carried out in the students' own time. Web links were emailed to assist exposure of the instructional part of the lesson online. Phase 2: interactive in-class activity to share personal reflection and reinforce the key aspects...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663276/interprofessional-educator-development-build-it-and-they-will-come
#18
Lily C Pien, Michaela Stiber, Allison Prelosky, Colleen Y Colbert
BACKGROUND: We describe an interprofessional educator development program, designed intentionally, that was implemented at an academic healthcare centre. In 2014, we purposefully adapted our pre-existing educator development program to be able to include all interprofessional educators at our institution. The program's goals were to enhance educator skills, a common need due to requirements of accreditation, and to create a local interprofessional community of teachers. The framework of the program was based upon adult learning principles, reflective practice, experiential learning and peer groups, all key characteristics of faculty development programs...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661505/training-cardiothoracic-surgeons-of-the-future-the-uk-experience
#19
Louise Kenny, Karen Booth, Kathrin Freystaetter, Greta Wood, Gary Reynolds, Sridhar Rathinam, Narain Moorjani
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess targeted simulation courses, including live animal operating, as complementary training tools with regard to 2 key surgical skills in early cardiothoracic surgeon training. METHODS: Twenty UK surgical trainees (equivalent to cardiothoracic surgery resident physicians in the United States) in their first year of residency training were evaluated. Assessment of skills in pulmonary wedge resection and cardiopulmonary bypass were undertaken before and after 2 boot camp-style courses, including live animal operating (boot camp 1 and boot camp 2)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660495/how-program-evaluators-use-and-learn-to-use-rubrics-to-make-evaluative-reasoning-explicit
#20
Krystin S R Martens
A rubric is a tool that can support evaluators in a core function of their practice-the process of combining evidence with values to determine merit, worth, or significance-however, little guidance specific to evaluation exists. This study examined, through semi-structured interviews, how a rare group of nine rubric-using seasoned evaluators from across the globe use and learned to use rubrics in their program evaluation practice. Key findings revealed rubrics were a critical component to the practice of these evaluators to make determinations, but also as frameworks to sharpen an evaluation's focus...
March 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
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