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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905785/healthcare-services-for-syrian-refugees-in-jordan-a-systematic-review
#1
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902696/-tell-tell-tell-again-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-young-children-s-response-to-and-disclosure-of-an-in-vivo-lure-from-a-stranger
#2
Codi White, Dianne C Shanley, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Kerryann Walsh, Russell Hawkins, Katrina Lines
Despite being a key target outcome to prevent child maltreatment, little research has been conducted to examine the prevalence and predictors of interpersonal safety skills in a standardised manner. In this study, interpersonal safety skills were measured in a Year 1-2 student sample through use of a standardised simulated risk scenario, with three primary skills examined: withdrawal from an unknown confederate (motor safety response), verbal refusal of an abduction lure (verbal safety response) and disclosure of confederate presence...
June 11, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902036/a-service-user-co-facilitated-intervention-to-reduce-mental-illness-stigma-among-primary-healthcare-workers-utilizing-perspectives-of-family-members-and-caregivers
#3
Sauharda Rai, Dristy Gurung, Bonnie N Kaiser, Kathleen J Sikkema, Manoj Dhakal, Anvita Bhardwaj, Cori Tergesen, Brandon A Kohrt
INTRODUCTION: Service users' involvement as cofacilitators of mental health trainings is a nascent endeavor in low- and middle-income countries, and the role of families on service user participation in trainings has received limited attention. This study examined how caregivers perceive and facilitate service user's involvement in an antistigma program that was added to mental health Gap Action Program (mhGAP) trainings for primary care workers in Nepal. METHOD: Service users were trained as cofacilitators for antistigma and mhGAP trainings delivered to primary care workers through the REducing Stigma among HealthcAre ProvidErs (RESHAPE) program...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902024/sustaining-outcomes-research-in-residential-treatment-a-15-year-study-of-the-gould-farm-program
#4
Laurie Heatherington, Bryan L Bonner, David Rosenberg, Robert D Patterson, Jane Linsley
We present findings from a study of outcomes of residential treatment for people who have mental illness, primarily schizophrenia-spectrum and bipolar disorders. The study assesses a range of individual variables before and after participation in the program, to examine clinical and personal recovery and facilitate program improvement. To our knowledge, it is the longest ongoing outcomes study (15+ years) of its kind. The program, Gould Farm, provides recovery-focused, milieu treatment on a 700-acre working farm...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900743/basic-training-in-digestive-endoscopy-for-resident-physicians-in-gastroenterology-recommendations-by-the-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-endoscopia-digestiva-seed
#5
Álvaro Brotons, Angels Vilella, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Catalina Garau, Albert Vila, Vicente Pons Beltrán, Carlos Dolz Abadía
Digestive endoscopy is the most effective tool available for the diagnosis of multiple gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions, and it represents a key aspect in the training of gastroenterology residents according to the Spanish MIR (médico interno residente) program. The Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva (SEED), aware of all the technical advances that have emerged during the past few years, deems it necessary to define a program of the skills specialists-in-training in gastroenterology should acquire during their residency...
June 14, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900566/a-probabilistic-paradigm-for-the-parametric-insurance-of-natural-hazards
#6
Rui Figueiredo, Mario L V Martina, David B Stephenson, Benjamin D Youngman
There is a pressing need for simple and reliable risk transfer mechanisms that can pay out quickly after natural disasters without delays caused by loss estimation, and the need for long historical claims records. One such approach, known as parametric insurance, pays out when a key hazard variable exceeds a predetermined threshold. However, this approach to catastrophe risk, based on making deterministic binary predictions of loss occurrence, is susceptible to basis risk (mismatch between payouts and realized losses)...
June 13, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895992/the-art-and-craft-of-making-a-draft-writing-a-good-quality-scientific-paper
#7
EDITORIAL
Suvarna Satish Khadilkar
Writing a good-quality scientific paper is an art. The art and craft of making a draft of a good scientific paper are not simple! The research conducted must be original and should help clinicians to improvise the way they practice. Work should have relevance to women's health and should be significant enough to create an impact on health care. Will, skill, and drill are the three components of art of quality scientific writing. These are built on the sound foundations of science and integrity of the researcher...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895293/robotic-treatment-of-oligometastatic-kidney-tumor-with-synchronous-pancreatic-metastasis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Andrea Boni, Giovanni Cochetti, Stefano Ascani, Michele Del Zingaro, Francesca Quadrini, Alessio Paladini, Diego Cocca, Ettore Mearini
BACKGROUND: The management of metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, and the role of surgery in the immunotherapy's era is under debate. Metastatic lesions interesting pancreas are infrequent, but those harbouring from RCC have an high incidence. If metachronous resections are not rare, synchronous resection of primary RCC and its pancreatic metastasis is uncommonly reported, and accounts for a bad prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 68 years old woman, who presented hematuria at hospital incoming, with radiological appearance of a 13 cm left renal mass, with a 2...
June 13, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893469/leadership-and-registered-nurses-rns-working-after-hours-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-racfs-a-structured-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Dorika Nhongo, Joyce Hendricks, Julie Bradshaw, Kasia Bail
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses (RNs) working in Residential Aged Care Facilities are required to undertake complex management tasks including leading nursing care teams, supervising non-nursing staff, and allocating workloads according to residents' care needs, staff skills and experience. Registered nurses plan, assess, manage medication, evaluate each resident's care, liaise with doctors and allied health professionals and are responsible for evidence-based practice in accordance with the Nursing Standards for Practice (2016)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893157/key-factors-for-the-bicycle-use-of-visually-impaired-people-a-delphi-study
#10
Bart Jelijs, Joost Heutink, Dick de Waard, Karel A Brookhuis, Bart J M Melis-Dankers
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify the most important factors that influence the independent bicycle use of visually impaired people in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both visually impaired people and professionals participated in a two-round online Delphi study (n = 42). In Round 1 the participants identified the factors which they ranked by relevance in Round 2. RESULTS: The participants prioritised environmental factors related to the traffic situation, the characteristics of the infrastructure, and weather and light conditions (Kendall's W = 0...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892980/the-perspective-of-allied-health-staff-on-the-role-of-nurses-in-sub-acute-care
#11
Robin Digby, Danielle Bolster, Andrew Perta, Tracey K Bucknall
AIM: To explore allied health staff perceptions on the role of nurses in sub-acute care wards. BACKGROUND: A consequence of earlier discharge from acute hospitals is higher acuity of patients in sub-acute care. The impact on nurses' roles and required skill mix remains unknown. Similarly, nurses' integration into the rehabilitation team is ambiguous. DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative inquiry. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews conducted with 14 allied health staff from one sub-acute care facility in Melbourne, Australia...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892596/developing-an-undergraduate-public-health-introductory-core-course-series
#12
Denise C Nelson-Hurwitz, Michelle Tagorda, Lisa Kehl, Opal V Buchthal, Kathryn L Braun
The number of undergraduate public health education programs is increasing, but few publications provide examples of introductory public health courses that provide foundational knowledge and meet 2016 Council on Education in Public Health (CEPH) accreditation standards. This article presents the development and testing of a three-course, introductory series in public health at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM). Development was informed by best pedagogical practices in education, web review of existing programs, literature review, key informant interviews, and accreditation standards...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892321/considerations-for-research-and-development-of-culturally-relevant-mindfulness-interventions-in-american-minority-communities
#13
Jeffrey Proulx, Raina Croff, Barry Oken, Carolyn M Aldwin, Crystal Fleming, Dessa Bergen-Cico, Thao Le, Misbah Noorani
As many health disparities in American minority communities (AMCs) are stress-related, there has been an increased interest in the development of mindfulness programs as potential stress reduction measures in these communities. However, the bulk of the extant literature on mindfulness research and mindfulness interventions is based upon experiences with the larger White community. The intent of this commentary is to share a framework that includes key cultural considerations for conducting research and developing culturally-salient mindfulness programs with AMCs...
April 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892247/interoceptive-awareness-skills-for-emotion-regulation-theory-and-approach-of-mindful-awareness-in-body-oriented-therapy-mabt
#14
Cynthia J Price, Carole Hooven
Emotion regulation involves a coherent relationship with the self, specifically effective communication between body, mind, and feelings. Effective emotion regulation involves the ability to accurately detect and evaluate cues related to physiological reactions to stressful events, accompanied by appropriate regulation strategies that temper and influence the emotional response. There is compelling evidence demonstrating links between poor or disrupted awareness of sensory information, or interoceptive awareness, and difficulties with emotion regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890449/linking-at-risk-south-african-girls-to-sexual-violence-and-reproductive-health-services-a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-a-soccer-based-hiv-prevention-program-and-pilot-sms-campaign
#15
Katherine G Merrill, Jamison C Merrill, Rebecca B Hershow, Chris Barkley, Boitumelo Rakosa, Jeff DeCelles, Abigail Harrison
Grassroot Soccer developed SKILLZ Street-a soccer-based life skills program with a supplementary SMS platform-to support adolescent girls at risk for HIV, violence, and sexual and reproductive health challenges. We conducted a mixed-methods assessment of preliminary outcomes and implementation processes in three primary schools in Soweto, South Africa, from August to December 2013. Quantitative methods included participant attendance and SMS platform usage tracking, pre/post questionnaires, and structured observation...
April 30, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890371/mitigating-the-challenges-of-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-nursing-education-a-phenomenological-research-study
#16
Cordelia Obizoba
BACKGROUND: Objective evaluation of clinical competencies is a key component of undergraduate nursing education programs. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), widely used in nursing education internationally has limited utilization in undergraduate nursing programs in the United States. The efficacy of OSCE as a valuable method of objective evaluation of students' clinical competencies is not so much the problem for the nursing faculty; overcoming the impediments of its implementation is a much greater challenge...
June 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889952/management-of-suspected-tension-pneumothorax-in-tactical-combat-casualty-care-tccc-guidelines-change-17-02
#17
Frank K Butler, John B Holcomb, Stacy Shackelford, Harold R Montgomery, Shawn Anderson, Jeffrey S Cain, Howard R Champion, Cord W Cunningham, Warren C Dorlac, Brendon Drew, Kurt Edwards, John V Gandy, Elon Glassberg, Jennifer Gurney, Theodore Harcke, Donald A Jenkins, Jay Johannigman, Bijan S Kheirabadi, Russ S Kotwal, Lanny F Littlejohn, Matthew Martin, Edward L Mazuchowski, Edward J Otten, Travis Polk, Peter Rhee, Jason M Seery, Zsolt Stockinger, Jeremy Torrisi, Avi Yitzak, Ken Zafren, Scott P Zietlow
This change to the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) Guidelines that updates the recommendations for management of suspected tension pneumothorax for combat casualties in the prehospital setting does the following things: (1) Continues the aggressive approach to suspecting and treating tension pneumothorax based on mechanism of injury and respiratory distress that TCCC has advocated for in the past, as opposed to waiting until shock develops as a result of the tension pneumothorax before treating. The new wording does, however, emphasize that shock and cardiac arrest may ensue if the tension pneumothorax is not treated promptly...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889894/postnatal-care-could-be-the-key-to-improving-the-continuum-of-care-in-maternal-and-child-health-in-ratanakiri-cambodia
#18
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Junko Yasuoka, Keiko Nanishi, Ashir Ahmed, Yasunobu Nohara, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Tetsuya Mizutani, Naoki Nakashima
In South-East Asia, the maternal and child mortality rate has declined over the past decades; however, it varies among and within the countries in the region, including Cambodia. The continuum of care is an integrated series of care that women and children are required to avail continuously from pregnancy to the child/motherhood period. This study aimed to assess the completion rate of the continuum of care and examine the factors associated with the continuum of care in Ratanakiri, Cambodia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ratanakiri...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889173/strategies-and-tools-for-public-health-workforce-training-needs-assessments-in-diverse-and-changing-population-health-contexts
#19
Angela A Aidala, Brittney Cavaliere, Samantha Cinnick
CONTEXT: A key component of the improvement of public health infrastructure in the United States revolves around public health workforce development and training. Workforce challenges faced by the public health system have long been recognized, but there are additional challenges facing any region-wide or cross-jurisdictional effort to accurately assess priority workforce training needs and develop training resources to address those needs. These challenges include structural variability of public health organizations; diverse population health contexts; capturing both topic-specific skill sets and foundational competencies among public health workers; and reaching/representing the target population despite suspicion, disinterest, and/or assessment "fatigue" among employees asked to participate in workforce development surveys...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888150/postpartum-magnesium-sulfate-overdose-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#20
Adam Garber, Purnima M Rao, Chandrew Rajakumar, George A Dumitrascu, Genevieve Rousseau, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) and anesthesiology. Consultation with a nurse educator maintained the quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train OB/GYN and anesthesiology residents and labor and delivery nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
April 7, 2018: Curēus
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