keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

idiopathic epilepsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315500/relation-between-sexual-dysfunctions-and-epilepsy-type-of-epilepsy-type-of-antiepileptic-drugs-a-prospective-study
#1
Carlo Pavone, Ninfa Giacalone, Lidia Urso, Leila Zummo, Brigida Fierro
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of sexual dysfunctions in males with epilepsy, the type of epilepsy, the frequency of seizures, the type of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), the serum hormonal profile and the presence of psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: Sixty-one patients focused on type of epilepsy, frequency of seizures, AEDs, hormonal profile and presence of mood disorders. We excluded all patients with severe neurologic and psychiatric impairment and patient who were not able to fill questionnaires...
March 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301881/quality-of-life-and-fitness-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy-epifit
#2
Markus Rauchenzauner, Claudia Hagn, Romana Walch, Matthias Baumann, Edda Haberlandt, Martin Frühwirth, Kevin Rostasy
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with idiopathic epilepsy compared with a healthy matched control group. Methods In this study, 107 children conducted a 6-minute walk test, anthropometric parameters were measured, and HRQoL was assessed using a standardized questionnaire (KINDL-R). Children were divided into two groups: (1) the patient group (n = 48) and (2) the healthy control group (n = 59)...
March 16, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284051/amygdala-enlargement-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-subtype-or-nonspecific-finding
#3
Anny Reyes, Thomas Thesen, Ruben Kuzniecky, Orrin Devinsky, Carrie R McDonald, Graeme D Jackson, David N Vaughan, Karen Blackmon
OBJECTIVE: Amygdala enlargement (AE) is observed in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), which has led to the suggestion that it represents a distinct TLE subtype; however, it is unclear whether AE is found at similar rates in other epilepsy syndromes or in healthy controls, which would limit its value as a marker for focal epileptogenicity. METHODS: We compared rates of AE, defined quantitatively from high-resolution T1-weighted MRI, in a large multi-site sample of 136 patients with nonlesional localization related epilepsy (LRE), including TLE and extratemporal (exTLE) focal epilepsy, 34 patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), and 233 healthy controls (HCs)...
March 2, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265476/takayasu-s-arteritis-in-pregnancy-a-rare-case-report-from-a-tertiary-care-infirmary-in-india
#4
Sheeba Marwah, Monika Rajput, Ritin Mohindra, Harsha S Gaikwad, Manjula Sharma, Sonam R Topden
Background. Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare, chronic, inflammatory, progressive, idiopathic arteriopathy, afflicting young women of reproductive age group, causing narrowing, occlusion, and aneurysms of systemic and pulmonary arteries, especially the aorta and its branches. During pregnancy, such patients warrant special attention. An interdisciplinary collaboration of obstetricians, cardiologists, and neurologists is necessary to improve maternal and fetal prognosis. Here a case is reported where a patient with diagnosis of TA, complicated by neurological sequelae, successfully fought the vagaries of the condition twice to deliver uneventfully...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249737/historical-documents-on-epilepsy-from-antiquity-through-the-20th-century
#5
REVIEW
Christos P Panteliadis, Photios Vassilyadi, Julia Fehlert, Christian Hagel
Historical documents dating back almost 4500years have alluded to the condition of epilepsy, describing signs and symptoms that are well-known today. Epilepsy was thought to be a mystical disorder by almost all Ancient cultures, including the Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Indians, Iranians and Chinese. Hippocrates was the first to de-mystify the condition of epilepsy, providing a more scientific approach to the condition. As the signs and symptoms of epilepsy occurred without an obvious cause, the idea stood that it was a mystical phenomenon of divine punishment...
February 26, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236069/cerebrospinal-fluid-neuron-specific-enolase-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-erythropoietin-concentrations-in-children-after-seizures
#6
Ling-Min Shi, Rui-Jie Chen, Hui Zhang, Chun-Ming Jiang, Jian Gong
PURPOSE: In the present study, the levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and erythropoietin (EPO) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in children with idiopathic epilepsy were measured to illuminate the relationships between these markers with idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS: Eighty-five children from 6 months to 12.5 years of age with single, previously undiagnosed, and untreated idiopathic epilepsy were participated in this study. The concentrations of CSF NSE, 1L-1β, and EPO were measured by specific ELISA methods...
February 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215998/photosensitivity-in-generalized-epilepsies
#7
REVIEW
Shervonne Poleon, Jerzy P Szaflarski
Photosensitivity, which is the hallmark of photosensitive epilepsy (PSE), is described as an abnormal EEG response to visual stimuli known as a photoparoxysmal response (PPR). The PPR is a well-recognized phenomenon, occurring in 2-14% of patients with epilepsy but its pathophysiology is not clearly understood. PPR is electrographically described as 2-5Hz spike, spike-wave, or slow wave complexes with frontal and paracentral prevalence. Diagnosis of PPR is confirmed using intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) as well as video monitoring...
February 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#8
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209153/a-prospective-observational-longitudinal-study-of-new-onset-seizures-and-newly-diagnosed-epilepsy-in-dogs
#9
N Fredsø, N Toft, A Sabers, M Berendt
BACKGROUND: Seizures are common in dogs and can be caused by non-epileptic conditions or epilepsy. The clinical course of newly diagnosed epilepsy is sparsely documented. The objective of this study was to prospectively investigate causes for seizures (epileptic and non-epileptic) in a cohort of dogs with new-onset untreated seizures, and for those dogs with newly diagnosed epilepsy to investigate epilepsy type, seizure type and the course of disease over time, including the risk of seizure recurrence...
February 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190495/phenobarbital-or-potassium-bromide-as-an-add-on-antiepileptic-drug-for-the-management-of-canine-idiopathic-epilepsy-refractory-to-imepitoin
#10
E Royaux, L Van Ham, B J G Broeckx, I Van Soens, I Gielen, D Deforce, S F M Bhatti
Imepitoin has recently been approved in Europe for the management of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Currently, there is no evidence-based information available on the efficacy of antiepileptic drugs used as additions to the therapeutic regimen in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy that are not well controlled with imepitoin. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of phenobarbital or potassium bromide (KBr) as add-on antiepileptic drugs for controlling dogs refractory to a maximum dose of imepitoin (30 mg/kg twice daily)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182669/a-de-novo-loss-of-function-grin2a-mutation-associated-with-childhood-focal-epilepsy-and-acquired-epileptic-aphasia
#11
Kai Gao, Anel Tankovic, Yujia Zhang, Hirofumi Kusumoto, Jin Zhang, Wenjuan Chen, Wenshu XiangWei, Gil H Shaulsky, Chun Hu, Stephen F Traynelis, Hongjie Yuan, Yuwu Jiang
OBJECTIVE: N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) subunit GRIN2A/GluN2A mutations have been identified in patients with various neurological diseases, such as epilepsy and intellectual disability / developmental delay (ID/DD). In this study, we investigated the phenotype and underlying molecular mechanism of a GRIN2A missense mutation identified by next generation sequencing on idiopathic focal epilepsy using in vitro electrophysiology. METHODS: Genomic DNA of patients with epilepsy and ID/DD were sequenced by targeted next-generation sequencing within 300 genes related to epilepsy and ID/DD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157601/prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-refractory-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy
#12
A Gomez-Ibañez, R S McLachlan, S M Mirsattari, D C Diosy, J G Burneo
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is an epileptic condition with good response to antiepileptic drugs (AED). Major syndromes are epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) alone, absence epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. However, clinical practice shows drug-resistant patients. Endpoint is to identify clinical features related with refractoriness in IGE and in its each individual syndrome. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 279 consecutive patients with IGE assessed in the Epilepsy Clinic of our institution...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143391/adam23-is-a-common-risk-gene-for-canine-idiopathic-epilepsy
#13
Lotta L E Koskinen, Eija H Seppälä, Jutta Weissl, Tarja S Jokinen, Ranno Viitmaa, Reetta L Hänninen, Pascale Quignon, Andrea Fischer, Catherine André, Hannes Lohi
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic or genetic adult-onset epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in domestic dogs. Genetic association has been reported only with ADAM23 on CFA 37 in few breeds. To identify novel epilepsy genes, we performed genome-wide association (GWA) analyses in four new breeds, and investigated the association of the previously reported ADAM23 haplotype with the epilepsy phenotype in eight breeds. RESULTS: GWA analysis did not reveal new epilepsy loci...
January 31, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118828/clinical-evaluation-of-a-combination-therapy-of-imepitoin-with-phenobarbital-in-dogs-with-refractory-idiopathic-epilepsy
#14
Jasmin Neßler, Chris Rundfeldt, Wolfgang Löscher, Draginja Kostic, Thomas Keefe, Andrea Tipold
BACKGROUND: Imepitoin was tested as a combination treatment with phenobarbital in an open-label mono-centre cohort study in dogs with drug-resistant epilepsy. Diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy was based on clinical findings, magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. Three cohorts were treated. In cohort A, dogs not responding to phenobarbital with or without established add-on treatment of potassium bromide or levetiracetam were treated add-on with imepitoin, starting at 10 mg/kg BID, with titration allowed to 30 mg/kg BID...
January 25, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101769/childhood-absence-epilepsy-and-benign-epilepsy-with-centro-temporal-spikes-a-narrative-review-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Alberto Verrotti, Renato D'Alonzo, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Sara Casciato, Alfredo D'Aniello, Giancarlo Di Gennaro
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a possible coexistence of absence seizures with other forms of epilepsy. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the possible contemporary or subsequent presence of childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) and benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS) in pediatric epileptic patients. METHODS: A PubMed systematic search indexed for MEDLINE, PubMed and EMBASE was undertaken to identify studies in children including articles written between 1996 and 2015...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088035/diagnosis-treatment-and-outcomes-of-infantile-spasms-in-the-trisomy-21-population
#16
Christopher W Beatty, Joanna E Wrede, Heidi K Blume
PURPOSE: To determine if there are differences in the timing of diagnosis and response to treatment between infants with infantile spasms (IS) and Trisomy 21 (T21) and those with idiopathic IS. METHOD: This was a retrospective study evaluating the time from onset of IS to diagnosis, treatment of IS, time from treatment to resolution of IS, and development of epilepsy in children with T21 and IS compared to children with idiopathic IS. RESULTS: Thirteen children with T21 and IS were identified over a 10 year period and compared to 32 children in the control group...
February 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074997/-classification-of-idiopathic-generalised-epilepsies-in-patients-over-16-years-of-age
#17
J Sala-Padro, M Toledo, E Santamarina, M Gonzalez-Cuevas, M Raspall-Chaure, M Sueiras-Gil, M Quintana, J Salas-Puig
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic generalised epilepsies (IGE) are a set of electroclinical syndromes with different phenotypes. Our aim is to analyse those phenotypes in patients over 16 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a series of patients with IGE. They were classified as childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE), juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures only (TCSE), epilepsy with eyelid myoclonias and absences (EMA) and pure photogenic epilepsy (PE)...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072588/fertility-treatment-and-childhood-epilepsy-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Laura Ozer Kettner, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Bjørn Bay, Beate Ritz, Niels Bjerregaard Matthiesen, Tine Brink Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Fertility treatment includes hormonal stimulation of the woman and in vitro manipulation of gametes and embryos that may influence prenatal brain development. We aimed to investigate the association between fertility treatment and childhood epilepsy, including specific types of treatment and indications as well as subtypes of epilepsy. METHODS: In this nationwide birth cohort study, we included all pregnancies in Denmark resulting in live-born singletons, 1995-2003...
January 6, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067060/update-on-pharmacotherapy-of-myoclonic-seizures
#19
REVIEW
Pasquale Striano, Vincenzo Belcastro
Myoclonic seizures are brief, involuntary muscular jerks arising from the central nervous system that can occur in different epilepsy syndromes, including idiopathic generalized epilepsies or the most severe group of epileptic encephalopathies. Valproate is commonly the first choice alone or in combination with some benzodiazepines or levetiracetam. However, more treatment options exist today as there is emerging evidence to support the efficacy of some newer antiepileptic drugs. In addition, of major importance remains avoidance of medications (e...
February 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062844/phenobarbital-administration-every-eight-hours-improvement-of-seizure-management-in-idiopathic-epileptic-dogs-with-decreased-phenobarbital-elimination-half-life
#20
F Stabile, C R Barnett, L De Risio
Estimated prevalence of canine idiopathic epilepsy is 0.6 per cent in the first-opinion canine population in the UK. Phenobarbital monotherapy has been reported to reduce/eradicate seizure activity in 60-93 per cent of idiopathic epileptic dogs (IEDs). The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of the administration of phenobarbital orally every eight hours in IEDs with phenobarbital elimination half-life less than 20 hours. Medical records of 10 IEDs in which steady state trough serum phenobarbital levels were within the reference range and phenobarbital elimination half-life had become less than 20 hours following prolonged administration every 12 hours were reviewed...
February 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
keyword
keyword
53861
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"