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rangasamy ramanathan

Smeeta Sardesai, Manoj Biniwale, Fiona Wertheimer, Arlene Garingo, Rangasamy Ramanathan
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) due to surfactant deficiency is the most common cause of respiratory failure in preterm infants. Tremendous progress has been made since the original description that surfactant deficiency is the major cause of RDS. Surfactant therapy has been extensively studied in preterm infants and has been shown to significantly decrease air leaks and neonatal and infant mortality. Synthetic and animal-derived surfactants from bovine as well as porcine origin have been evaluated in randomized controlled trials...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Research
Rowena Cayabyab, Rangasamy Ramanathan
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) continues to be a major preventable cause of blindness and visual handicaps globally. With improved perinatal care, improved survival of moderately preterm infants, and limited resources for oxygen delivery and monitoring, more mature preterm infants are developing severe ROP in developing countries. The pathophysiology of ROP is characterized by two phases. Phase I ROP is due to vaso-obliteration beginning immediately after birth secondary to a marked decrease in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)...
2016: Neonatology
Rowena Cayabyab, Vasudha Arora, Fiona Wertheimer, Manuel Durand, Rangasamy Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: We compared the incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and need for laser treatment before and after implementing graded pulse oximeter oxygen saturation (SpO2) targets in extremely preterm infants. Mortality and other secondary outcomes were compared. METHODS: Before 2002, we used 90-94% as the SpO2 target in infants 24(0/7)-27(6/7)wk gestation and birth weight <1,000 g until 35(6/7) wk postmenstrual age (PMA). We implemented graded SpO2 targets based on vaso-obliterative and vaso-proliferative phases of ROP in 2002...
September 2016: Pediatric Research
Nathan R Blue, Kristi R Van Winden, Bhuvan Pathak, Lorayne Barton, Neisha Opper, Christianne Joy Lane, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Joseph G Ouzounian, Richard H Lee
OBJECTIVE: We set out to test the hypothesis that infants born vaginally at ≤ 30 weeks gestation have less respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) than those born by cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 652 infants born between 24 and 30 (6/7) weeks gestation from March 31, 1996 to May 31, 2014. Comparisons of neonatal outcomes by intended and actual mode of delivery were made using chi-square and t-tests (α = 0.05)...
December 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
Mark F Weems, Daniel Wei, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Lorayne Barton, Linda Vachon, Smeeta Sardesai
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe laboratory findings and imaging results for neonatal patients diagnosed with urinary tract infection (UTI). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were reviewed for infants diagnosed with UTI in a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over a 13-year period. RESULTS: Of the 8,241 patients admitted to the NICU during the study period, 137 infants were diagnosed with UTI. Imaging was reviewed for 101 patients. Renal pelvis dilation was found in 34% of patients and vesicoureteral reflux was found in 21%...
June 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
Pedro Paz, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Richard Hernandez, Manoj Biniwale
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe our experience using a modified nasal cannula to deliver nasal continuous positive airway pressure and/or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation during primary neonatal resuscitation of preterm and term newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected retrospectively for all neonates resuscitated with nasal cannula in the delivery room. The primary outcome was the number of newborns intubated in the delivery room...
December 2014: American Journal of Perinatology
Rebecca Perry, James Stein, Guy Young, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Istvan Seri, Laura Klee, Philippe Friedlich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of Antithrombin III (ATIII) on blood product requirement in neonates receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: A retrospective case control study of neonates presenting with or without congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) requiring ECMO between 2006 and 2010 was performed. Patient demographics, laboratory data, and information on blood products administered were compared in patients treated before (n=37) and after (n=38) a protocol for antithrombin-III (ATIII) administration was implemented...
September 2013: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jamie Limjoco, Lisa Paquette, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Istvan Seri, Philippe Friedlich
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in mean blood pressure (MBP) in late preterm and term newborns with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) or sepsis who, in addition to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), received enteral sildenafil for treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Data on sildenafil dosing, MBP, and vasopressor/inotrope use were collected for 72 hours after initiation of sildenafil. Groups were compared between "low dose" (<3 mg·kg·d) versus "high dose" (≥ 3 mg·kg·d) and "early" (<7 postnatal days) versus "late" (≥ 7 postnatal days) administration of sildenafil...
March 2015: American Journal of Therapeutics
Wallace Marsh, James Smeeding, John M York, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Krishnamurthy Sekar
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pharmacoeconomic profiles of beractant (Survanta(®), Ross Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio) and poractant alfa (Curosurf(®), DEY LP, Napa, CA) via a cost-minimization analysis. METHODS: This analysis was based upon clinical data from two previously published studies (Speer C, et al. Arch Dis Child 1995;72: F8-13; and Ramanathan R, et al. Am J Perinatol 2004; 21:109-19) where investigators found significant differences in the number of doses required to achieve a similar clinical response...
April 2004: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Rangasamy Ramanathan
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is primarily due to decreased production of pulmonary surfactant, and it is associated with significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. Exogenous pulmonary surfactant therapy is currently the treatment of choice for RDS, as it demonstrates the best clinical and economic outcomes. Studies confirm the benefits of surfactant therapy to include reductions in mortality, pneumothorax, and pulmonary interstitial emphysema, as well as improvements in oxygenation and an increased rate of survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
July 2006: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Bonnie Tam, Annie Chhay, Lilly Yen, Linda Tesoriero, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Istvan Seri, Philippe S Friedlich
In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of acetazolamide in the management of chronic metabolic alkalosis in neonates and infants with chronic respiratory insufficiency. A retrospective chart review of 90 patients treated with acetazolamide between 2006 and 2007 admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit was performed. Blood gases and electrolytes obtained at baseline and by 24 hours after acetazolamide administration were compared. Compared with baseline and after 24 hours of acetazolamide, mean measured serum bicarbonate (29...
November 2014: American Journal of Therapeutics
Toke Hoppenbrouwers, Flavia Oliveira, Stanislaus Sandarupa, Michael Khoo, Michael Neuman, Rangasamy Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that term-born Asian infants, at reduced risk to die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) exhibit a circadian heart rate rhythm (CHR) at a later age than non-Asian term infants. METHOD: Repeated overnight heart rate (HR) traces obtained with a battery-operated Polar S810i heart-rate monitor at home in 17 Asian Torajan infants in Indonesia, were compared with those of 52 non-Asian infants monitored as part of the Collaborative Home Infant Monitoring Evaluation (CHIME)...
July 2012: Early Human Development
Carl E Hunt, Michael J Corwin, Debra E Weese-Mayer, Sally L Davidson Ward, Rangasamy Ramanathan, George Lister, Larry R Tinsley, Tim Heeren, Denis Rybin
OBJECTIVE: To report longitudinal home recordings of hemoglobin O(2) saturation by pulse oximetry (Spo(2)) during unperturbed sleep in preterm and term infants. STUDY DESIGN: We recorded continuous pulse oximetry during the first 3 minutes of each hour of monitor use (nonevent epochs) for 103 preterm infants born at <1750 g and ≤ 34 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA), and 99 healthy term infants. RESULTS: Median baseline Spo(2) was approximately 98% for both the preterm and term groups...
September 2011: Journal of Pediatrics
Nelson Claure, Eduardo Bancalari, Carmen D'Ugard, Leif Nelin, Melanie Stein, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Richard Hernandez, Steven M Donn, Michael Becker, Thomas Bachman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of automated adjustment of the fraction of inspired oxygen (Fio(2)) adjustment in maintaining arterial oxygen saturation (Spo(2)) within an intended range for mechanically ventilated preterm infants with frequent episodes of decreased Spo(2). METHODS: Thirty-two infants (gestational age [median and interquartile range]: 25 weeks [24-27 weeks]; age: 27 days [17-36 days]) were studied during 2 consecutive 24-hour periods, one with Fio(2) adjusted by clinical staff members (manual) and the other by an automated system (automated), in random sequence...
January 2011: Pediatrics
Smeeta R Sardesai, Maria K Kornacka, Wojciech Walas, Rangasamy Ramanathan
Although neonatal care has become more and more meticulous with significant changes in technology in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the past 50 years, iatrogenic cutaneous injuries continue to occur. Although the incidence of severe injuries is decreasing because the more difficult procedures are being replaced by improved techniques, skin injuries have not yet been completely eliminated. However, the nature and causes of cutaneous injuries have changed, and the injuries are frequent but generally minor...
February 2011: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Paige Jackson, Lisa Paquette, Valerie Watiker, Linda Randolph, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Istvan Seri
There is very little data linking the use of immunomodulating agents following solid organ transplantation in pregnant women with specific congenital anomalies in the offspring. Here we report on a late preterm infant with multiple, nonsyndromic, congenital anomalies including microtia/anotia, cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, ocular hypertelorism, microphthalmia and cataracts, complex congenital heart disease, rib anomalies, and intestinal malrotation. The similarity of the complex anomalies in our case to other reported cases suggests that the abnormalities are likely due to mycophenolate mofetil alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive medications taken by the mother during pregnancy...
June 2009: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Rangasamy Ramanathan
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the most common cause of respiratory insufficiency in preterm infants, especially those born at <30 weeks of gestation. Continuous positive airway pressure has been used since the 1970s as a primary mode of treatment for RDS. Surfactant therapy became available in the 1980s and has become the standard care for infants with or at risk for RDS. Surfactant therapy has been shown to decrease air leaks, neonatal and infant mortality as well as cost among survivors. Natural surfactants derived from animal sources containing surfactant proteins B (SP-B) and C (SP-C) as well as synthetic surfactants with functional SP-B- or SP-C-like protein mimics have been extensively evaluated in preterm neonates with or at risk for RDS...
2009: Neonatology
Rangasamy Ramanathan
Invasive ventilation via the endotracheal tube is one of the most common therapeutic interventions performed in preterm infants with respiratory failure. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs in about 50% of preterm infants born at less than 30 weeks of gestational age. Mechanical ventilation using conventional or high-frequency ventilation and surfactant therapy have become the standard of care in management of preterm infants with RDS. However, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains as a major morbidity with adverse pulmonary and nonpulmonary outcomes in preterm infants despite these interventions...
2008: Neonatology
Carolina Abdala, Sandra I Oba, Rangasamy Ramanathan
OBJECTIVES: To describe and define changes in the infant DP-gram during an age continuum from the preterm period through the first 6 mo of postnatal life. This information provides normative guidelines for audiologists or hearing screeners using DPOAEs to monitor infant hearing status. DESIGN: In this retrospective study, 2f1 - f2 DP-grams (DPOAE level x f2) were recorded with primary tones at 65/55 dB SPL, f2/f1 = 1.2, and f2 frequencies ranging from 1500 to 9000 Hz...
August 2008: Ear and Hearing
Carl E Hunt, Michael J Corwin, George Lister, Debra E Weese-Mayer, Sally L Davidson Ward, Larry R Tinsley, Michael R Neuman, Marian Willinger, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Denis Rybin et al.
In 1,079 infants monitored for >700,000 hr at home for apnea or bradycardia, we found an association between infants having multiple events exceeding conventional or a priori defined more extreme thresholds and less favorable developmental outcome at 1 year of age than infants with few or no events. If it is necessary to prevent such events to minimize risk for developmental morbidity, there is reason to determine whether there are disturbances in advance of the apnea or bradycardia that herald their onset...
January 2008: Pediatric Pulmonology
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