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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857864/key-perspectives-on-auditory-outcomes-following-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannoma-tumor-treating-fields-for-glioblastoma-and-a-proposed-myelopathy-score-for-cervical-decompression-surgery-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-diffuse-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854111/the-risk-of-hypotension-and-seizures-in-patients-receiving-prophylactic-anti-epileptic-drugs-for-supratentorial-craniotomy
#2
Julius Höhne, Karl M Schebesch, Christian Ott, Alexander Brawanski, Max Lange
BACKGROUND: Perioperative seizure prophylaxis with antiepileptic drugs (AED) has been advocated in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy. The practice remains controversial. The reasoning presupposes that the possibility of an adverse drug reaction from the AED is lower than the probability of harm from a seizure. Even short periods of hypotension during the operation can lead to acute kidney and myocardial injury. We retrospectively evaluated cardiovascular effects and tolerability of Levetiracetam (LEV) alone, LEV and Lacosamid (LCM) as compared to Phenytoin (PHT)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834803/advance-care-planning-in-glioblastoma-patients
#3
REVIEW
Lara Fritz, Linda Dirven, Jaap C Reijneveld, Johan A F Koekkoek, Anne M Stiggelbout, H Roeline W Pasman, Martin J B Taphoorn
Despite multimodal treatment with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, glioblastoma is an incurable disease with a poor prognosis. During the disease course, glioblastoma patients may experience progressive neurological deficits, symptoms of increased intracranial pressure such as drowsiness and headache, incontinence, seizures and progressive cognitive dysfunction. These patients not only have cancer, but also a progressive brain disease. This may seriously interfere with their ability to make their own decisions regarding treatment...
November 8, 2016: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576875/natural-course-and-prognosis-of-anaplastic-gangliogliomas-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-43-cases-from-the-french-brain-tumor-database
#4
Louis-Marie Terrier, Luc Bauchet, Valérie Rigau, Aymeric Amelot, Sonia Zouaoui, Isabelle Filipiak, Agnès Caille, Fabien Almairac, Marie-Hélène Aubriot-Lorton, Anne-Marie Bergemer-Fouquet, Eric Bord, Philippe Cornu, Alain Czorny, Phong Dam Hieu, Bertrand Debono, Marie-Bernadette Delisle, Evelyne Emery, Walid Farah, Guillaume Gauchotte, Catherine Godfraind, Jacques Guyotat, Bernard Irthum, Kevin Janot, Pierre-Jean Le Reste, Dominique Liguoro, Hugues Loiseau, Guillaume Lot, Vincent Lubrano, Emmanuel Mandonnet, Philippe Menei, Philippe Metellus, Serge Milin, Bertrand Muckenstrum, Pierre-Hugues Roche, Audrey Rousseau, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Anne Vital, Jimmy Voirin, Michel Wager, Marc Zanello, Patrick François, Stéphane Velut, Pascale Varlet, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Johan Pallud, Ilyess Zemmoura
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic gangliogliomas (GGGs) are rare tumors whose natural history is poorly documented. We aimed to define their clinical and imaging features and to identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Consecutive cases of anaplastic GGGs in adults prospectively entered into the French Brain Tumor Database between March 2004 and April 2014 were screened. After diagnosis was confirmed by pathological review, clinical, imaging, therapeutic, and outcome data were collected retrospectively...
August 30, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513787/a-primary-cerebellar-glioblastoma-multiforme-mimicking-vestibular-schwannoma
#5
Shuxia Gao, Xiaogang Liu, Pengfei Cheng, Xunhui Yuan, Jianyi Niu, Yun'an Bai, Bin Xi
Cerebellar glioblastoma multiforme (cGBM) is rare in adults, accounting for <1% of all patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The accurate diagnosis of cGBM is important for establishing a suitable therapeutic schedule. However, the diagnosis of cerebellar GBM is not usually suspected preoperatively because of its rarity. Generally, patients with cGBMs typically presented with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, and infrequently cerebellar symptoms such as gait ataxia and disequilibrium. Nevertheless, the authors reported a cGMB patient, with his clinical presentations and imaging characteristics mimicking a vestibular schwannoma...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487344/glioblastoma-multiforme-with-hypodipsic-hypernatremia-in-a-seven-month-old-golden-retriever
#6
Stephanie Engel, Karen Marie Hilling, Travis Kuder Meuten, Chad Brendan Frank, Angela J Marolf
Primary hypodipsic hypernatremia is a rarely reported disease in dogs. Reported underlying causes associated with this disease in dogs include congenital malformations, encephalitis, intracranial neoplasia, and pressure atrophy of the hypothalamus secondary to hydrocephalus. The dog in this report had an infiltrative neoplastic disorder, likely causing damage to the hypothalamic osmoreceptors responsible for the thirst generation. The neoplastic process was identified histopathologically as glioblastoma multiforme, an unusual tumor to occur in a dog this young...
September 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420584/thymoquinone-attenuates-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-artery-hypertension-via-inhibiting-pulmonary-arterial-remodeling-in-rats
#7
Ning Zhu, Xuyong Zhao, Yijia Xiang, Shiyong Ye, Jie Huang, Wuming Hu, Linchun Lv, Chunlai Zeng
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery remodeling induced by excess proliferation, migration and apoptosis resistance of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is a key component in pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Thymoquinone (TQ) triggers cancer cells apoptosis through multiple mechanisms. In addition, TQ inhibits migration of human nonsmall-cell lung cancer cells and human glioblastoma cells. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we investigated effects of TQ on MCT-induced PAH in rats and its underlying mechanisms...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406589/a-randomized-phase-ii-trial-of-standard-dose-bevacizumab-versus-low-dose-bevacizumab-plus-lomustine-ccnu-in-adults-with-recurrent-glioblastoma
#8
Shiao-Pei Weathers, Xiaosi Han, Diane D Liu, Charles A Conrad, Mark R Gilbert, Monica E Loghin, Barbara J O'Brien, Marta Penas-Prado, Vinay K Puduvalli, Ivo Tremont-Lukats, Rivka R Colen, W K Alfred Yung, John F de Groot
Antiangiogenic therapy can rapidly reduce vascular permeability and cerebral edema but high doses of bevacizumab may induce selective pressure to promote resistance. This trial evaluated the efficacy of low dose bevacizumab in combination with lomustine (CCNU) compared to standard dose bevacizumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients (N = 71) with recurrent glioblastoma who previously received radiation and temozolomide were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive bevacizumab monotherapy (10 mg/kg) or low dose bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) in combination with lomustine (90 mg/m(2))...
September 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338741/urotensin-ii-receptor-a-double-identity-receptor-involved-in-vasoconstriction-and-in-the-development-of-digestive-tract-cancers-and-other-tumors
#9
Alessandro Federico, Silvia Zappavigna, Marcello Dallio, Gabriella Misso, Francesco Merlino, Carmelina Loguercio, Ettore Novellino, Paolo X Paolo Grieco, Michele Caraglia
Urotensin II and Urotensin-II receptor are important molecular factors that regulate vasoconstriction and all the diseases that are linked to abnormalities in blood pressure regulation (i.e.: hypertension, kidney diseases, cirrhosis etc.). Recently Urotensin II and its receptor have also been involved in metabolic syndrome, diabetes and schizophrenia. Recent strong findings suggest thatUrotensin II and its receptor are involved in the onset and development of different epithelial cancers. Indeed, it was reported that cell growth, motility and invasion in human breast, bladder, prostate, colorectal and glioblastoma cancer cells were regulated by Urotensin II and Urotensin-II receptor axis...
June 20, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306666/clinical-trial-of-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-by-pulsed-ultrasound
#10
Alexandre Carpentier, Michael Canney, Alexandre Vignot, Vincent Reina, Kevin Beccaria, Catherine Horodyckid, Carine Karachi, Delphine Leclercq, Cyril Lafon, Jean-Yves Chapelon, Laurent Capelle, Philippe Cornu, Marc Sanson, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Jean-Yves Delattre, Ahmed Idbaih
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits the delivery of systemically administered drugs to the brain. Methods to circumvent the BBB have been developed, but none are used in standard clinical practice. The lack of adoption of existing methods is due to procedural invasiveness, serious adverse effects, and the complications associated with performing such techniques coincident with repeated drug administration, which is customary in chemotherapeutic protocols. Pulsed ultrasound, a method for disrupting the BBB, was shown to effectively increase drug concentrations and to slow tumor growth in preclinical studies...
June 15, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267628/synergistic-targeting-tenascin-c-and-neuropilin-1-for-specific-penetration-of-nanoparticles-for-anti-glioblastoma-treatment
#11
Ting Kang, Qianqian Zhu, Di Jiang, Xingye Feng, Jingxian Feng, Tianze Jiang, Jianhui Yao, Yixian Jing, Qingxiang Song, Xinguo Jiang, Xiaoling Gao, Jun Chen
The pathological and physiological barriers of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) lead to insufficient extravasation and penetration of nano-sized therapeutics. As the main driver of interstitial fluid pressure-related drug efflux, the aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) appears to be a valuable target that plays a crucial role in forming pathological barriers of GBM. Herein, a new Ft peptide was synthesized by coupling FHK and tLyp-1 sequence together via a cysteine to synergistically target glioma-associated tenascin C (extracellular matrix component) and neuropilin-1 on neovasculature and glioma cells to enable specific penetration of nanoparticles for anti-glioblastoma treatment...
September 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046324/monte-carlo-model-development-for-evaluation-of-current-clinical-target-volume-definition-for-heterogeneous-and-hypoxic-glioblastoma
#12
L Moghaddasi, E Bezak, W Harriss-Phillips
Clinical target volume (CTV) determination may be complex and subjective. In this work a microscopic-scale tumour model was developed to evaluate current CTV practices in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) external radiotherapy. Previously, a Geant4 cell-based dosimetry model was developed to calculate the dose deposited in individual GBM cells. Microscopic extension probability (MEP) models were then developed using Matlab-2012a. The results of the cell-based dosimetry model and MEP models were combined to calculate survival fractions (SF) for CTV margins of 2...
May 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013078/falsely-low-values-of-oxygen-saturation-measured-by-pulse-oximetry-in-a-boy-treated-with-chinese-herb-tea
#13
Agnes S Meidert, Alexander Lang, Georg Hennig, Patricia Bernasconi, Aurelia Peraud, Josef Briegel, Tanija K Hüttl
An 8-year-old boy suffering from progressive glioblastoma was scheduled for neurosurgery. Prior to induction of anaesthesia pulse oximetry measured 64 % saturation of oxygen (SpO2). Arterial blood gas analysis revealed normal oxygen saturation and normal oxygen partial pressure. After having ruled out technical problems of pulse oximetry the neurosurgical procedure was halted. Meticulous examination of the child's history and medication did not explain a possible interaction of drugs with pulse oximetry. A Chinese herb tea had been given to the child, but was then stopped on the day of admission...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898496/google-search-queries-about-neurosurgical-topics-are-they-a-suitable-guide-for-neurosurgeons
#14
Anna C Lawson McLean, Aaron Lawson McLean, Rolf Kalff, Jan Walter
OBJECTIVE: Google is the most popular search engine, with about 100 billion searches per month. Google Trends is an integrated tool that allows users to obtain Google's search popularity statistics from the last decade. Our aim was to evaluate whether Google Trends is a useful tool to assess the public's interest in specific neurosurgical topics. METHODS: We evaluated Google Trends statistics for the neurosurgical search topic areas "hydrocephalus," "spinal stenosis," "concussion," "vestibular schwannoma," and "cerebral arteriovenous malformation...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820218/cell-survival-of-glioblastoma-grown-in-medium-containing-hydrogen-peroxide-and-or-nitrite-or-in-plasma-activated-medium
#15
Naoyuki Kurake, Hiromasa Tanaka, Kenji Ishikawa, Takashi Kondo, Makoto Sekine, Kae Nakamura, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Fumitaka Kikkawa, Masaaki Mizuno, Masaru Hori
Non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasmas generate a high electron density (on the order of 10(16) electrons per cm(-3)) using Ar gas. Culture medium in air at room temperature was plasma-irradiated for several hundred seconds. Tens of micromolar hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and millimolar levels of nitrous ion (NO2(-)) were detected in the plasma-irradiated culture medium (plasma activated medium; PAM) and selectively induced the apoptotic death of glioblastoma tumor cells, but did not kill normal mammary epithelial cells...
September 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773981/intraventricular-glioblastomas
#16
REVIEW
Atef Ben Nsir, Yassine Gdoura, Quoc-Anh Thai, Alia Zhani Kassar, Nejib Hattab, Hafedh Jemel
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Although glioblastoma is the most common primary brain tumor, primary intraventricular locations are extremely rare; only 21 cases have been reported to date. METHODS: A retrospectively acquired database of all intracranial glioblastomas treated in 2 different neurosurgical departments during the last 10 years was queried. Patients with histologically proven intraventricular glioblastomas were included in the study. RESULTS: Eight patients were identified as having a histologically confirmed intraventricular glioblastoma...
April 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26772776/cannabidiol-limits-tcell-mediated-chronic-autoimmune-myocarditis-implications-to-autoimmune-disorders-and-organ-transplantation
#17
Wen-Shin Lee, Katalin Erdelyi, Csaba Matyas, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Zoltan V Varga, Lucas Liaudet, György Haskó, Daniela Čiháková, Raphael Mechoulam, Pal Pacher
RATIONALE: Myocarditis is a major cause of heart failure and sudden cardiac death in young adults and adolescents. Many cases of myocarditis are associated with autoimmune processes in which cardiac myosin is a major autoantigen. Conventional immunosuppressive therapies often provide unsatisfactory results and are associated with adverse toxicities during the treatment of autoimmune myocarditis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive constituent of Marijuana which exerts antiinflammatory effects independent from classical cannabinoid receptors...
January 8, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746883/predicting-the-growth-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-spheroids-using-a-multiphase-porous-media-model
#18
Pietro Mascheroni, Cinzia Stigliano, Melania Carfagna, Daniela P Boso, Luigi Preziosi, Paolo Decuzzi, Bernhard A Schrefler
Tumor spheroids constitute an effective in vitro tool to investigate the avascular stage of tumor growth. These three-dimensional cell aggregates reproduce the nutrient and proliferation gradients found in the early stages of cancer and can be grown with a strict control of their environmental conditions. In the last years, new experimental techniques have been developed to determine the effect of mechanical stress on the growth of tumor spheroids. These studies report a reduction in cell proliferation as a function of increasingly applied stress on the surface of the spheroids...
October 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537911/pediatric-glioblastoma-a-single-institution-experience
#19
Marina Nikitović, Dragana Stanić, Tatjana Pekmezović, Milica Skender Gazibara, Jelena Bokun, Lejla Paripović, Danica Grujičić, Milan Sarić, Ivana Mišković
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate characteristics of childhood glioblastoma multiforme, effectiveness of treatment modalities, and detect factors related to outcome. METHODS: A detailed analysis was performed on a series of 15 patients treated between 2000 and 2013, based on their clinical, radiologic, pathologic, treatment, and follow-up data. RESULTS: Median survival time of children with glioblastoma was 13.5 months. One- and 2-year overall survival probabilities were 66...
January 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26128434/su-e-t-770-tumor-control-in-ion-beam-radiotherapy-with-different-ions-in-presence-of-hypoxia
#20
A Attili, F Torriani, G Russo, F Dalmasso, S Giordanengo, F Ourhaleb, G Battistoni, A Kraan, R Cirio
PURPOSE: The reduced concentration of oxygen in cells (hypoxia) results in a lower cell death rate after irradiation that can lead to treatment failure. The effect can be expressed by the oxygen enhancement ratio (OER). So far, only few attempts to include OER in treatment planning for ion beam therapy were made, which are based on the dose averaged LET estimates and do not distinguish among ion species and fractionation schemes. To overcome these limitations, we implemented a new OER model and used it to estimate tumor control in clinical cases...
June 2015: Medical Physics
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