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Interoception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342312/maladaptive-repetitive-thought-as-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon-and-treatment-target-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Deanna M Kaplan, Roman Palitsky, Angela L Carey, Tracy E Crane, Cody M Havens, Michael R Medrano, Samantha J Reznik, David A Sbarra, Mary-Frances O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive repetitive thought (RT), the frequent and repetitive revisiting of thoughts or internal experiences, is associated with a range of psychopathological processes and disorders. We present a synthesis of prior research on maladaptive RT and develop a framework for elucidating and distinguishing between five forms of maladaptive RT. METHOD: In addition to the previously studied maladaptive RT (worry, rumination, and obsession), this framework is used to identify two additional forms of maladaptive RT (yearning and interoceptive RT)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337347/a-latent-state-trait-analysis-of-interoceptive-accuracy
#2
Martin F Wittkamp, Katja Bertsch, Claus Vögele, André Schulz
Interoceptive accuracy (IAc), that is, the ability to accurately perceive one's own bodily signals, is widely assumed to be a trait, although experimental manipulations such as stress may affect IAc. We used structural equation modeling to estimate the reliability of IAc, and the proportions of individual differences in IAc, explained by a trait and occasion-specific effects of situation and person-situation interactions. We assessed IAc in 59 healthy participants (40 women, MAge  = 23.4 years) on three consecutive measurement occasions, approximately 1 week apart, in a rest and poststress condition, using a heartbeat counting and a heartbeat discrimination task...
January 16, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332635/fear-of-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-role-of-interoceptive-accuracy-and-prior-episodes-of-hypoglycemia
#3
Jennifer Grammes, Manuela Schäfer, Andrea Benecke, Ulrike Löw, Alena-Lynn Klostermann, Thomas Kubiak, Michael Witthöft
OBJECTIVE: Fear of hypoglycemia (FoH) is a limiting factor for diabetes self-management and can have detrimental effects on quality of life. However, relatively little is known about its underlying mechanisms. In line with findings on patients with anxiety disorders, we hypothesized that interoceptive accuracy (IA) might be positively linked to FoH in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: 133 patients with T2DM were screened according to the extreme quartiles of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey worry subscale (HFS-W)...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331491/investigating-the-relationship-between-cardiac-interoception-and-autonomic-cardiac-control-using-a-predictive-coding-framework
#4
Andrew P Owens, Karl J Friston, David A Low, Christopher J Mathias, Hugo D Critchley
Predictive coding models, such as the 'free-energy principle' (FEP), have recently been discussed in relation to how interoceptive (afferent visceral feedback) signals update predictions about the state of the body, thereby driving autonomic mediation of homeostasis. This study appealed to 'interoceptive inference', under the FEP, to seek new insights into autonomic (dys)function and brain-body integration by examining the relationship between cardiac interoception and autonomic cardiac control in healthy controls and patients with forms of orthostatic intolerance (OI); to (i) seek empirical support for interoceptive inference and (ii) delineate if this relationship was sensitive to increased interoceptive prediction error in OI patients during head-up tilt (HUT)/symptom provocation...
January 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330097/learning-situated-emotions
#5
Lauren A M Lebois, Christine D Wilson-Mendenhall, W Kyle Simmons, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Lawrence W Barsalou
From the perspective of constructivist theories, emotion results from learning assemblies of relevant perceptual, cognitive, interoceptive, and motor processes in specific situations. Across emotional experiences over time, learned assemblies of processes accumulate in memory that later underlie emotional experiences in similar situations. A neuroimaging experiment guided participants to experience (and thus learn) situated forms of emotion, and then assessed whether participants tended to experience situated forms of the emotion later...
January 9, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330006/cue-and-context-conditioning-to-respiratory-threat-effects-of-suffocation-fear-and-implications-for-the-etiology-of-panic-disorder
#6
Christoph Benke, Manuela G Alius, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
Interoceptive threats play a crucial role in the etiology of panic disorder (PD). While body sensations may become conditioned stimuli (CS) when paired with such interoceptive threats (cue conditioning), the environment in which such interoceptive threats occur may also be learned as a predictor of threat (context conditioning). Suffocation fear (SF) might facilitate these associative learning processes if threats of suffocation become relevant as unconditioned stimuli (US). To investigate whether SF affects associative learning during such respiratory threat, we used mild dyspnea as CS that predicted the occurrence of strong dyspnea (US) in one context (predictable), was not related to the occurrence of the US in another context (unpredictable) or was presented in a different context (safe) in which no US was delivered...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319196/examination-of-interoception-along-the-suicidality-continuum
#7
Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Interoception deficits have been associated with various points on the suicidality continuum. Most research, however, has focused on general, rather than specific facets of, interoception. This study compared individuals with lifetime suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts using a multidimensional assessment of interoception. METHOD: A total of 537 adults completed measures of their interoception and lifetime suicide histories. RESULTS: Individuals with lifetime suicidal ideation reported more worry about their bodily sensations...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318747/the-caudal-part-of-the-posterior-insula-of-rats-participates-in-the-maintenance-but-not-the-acquisition-of-morphine-conditioned-place-preference
#8
Yong-Mei Sun, Rong-Xiang Chen, Zhi-Fei Li, Sabine Spijker, Rong-Wei Zhai, Shang-Chuan Yang
The heterogeneous insular cortex plays an interoceptive role in drug addiction by signaling the availability of drugs of abuse. Here, we tested whether the caudal part of the multisensory posterior insula (PI) stores somatosensory-associated rewarding memories. Using Sprague Dawley rats as subjects, we first established a morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm, mainly based on somatic cues. Secondly, an electrolytic lesion of the caudal portion of the PI was carried out before and after the establishment of CPP, respectively...
January 9, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306741/on-the-role-of-the-amygdala-for-experiencing-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Katrin Hanken, Yoselin Francis, Andreas Kastrup, Paul Eling, Jan Klein, Helmut Hildebrandt
BACKGROUND: Recently, we proposed a model explaining the origin of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. This model assumes that the feeling of fatigue results from inflammation-induced information processing within interoceptive brain areas. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between self-reported cognitive fatigue and structural integrity of interoceptive brain areas in MS patients. METHODS: 95 MS patients and 28 healthy controls participated in this study...
December 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300843/reduced-local-and-increased-long-range-functional-connectivity-of-the-thalamus-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Dardo Tomasi, Nora D Volkow
It is hypothesized that brain network abnormalities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reflect local overconnectivity and long-range underconnectivity. However, this is not a consistent finding in recent studies, which could reflect the developmental nature and the heterogeneity of ASD. Here, we tested 565 ASD and 602 neurotypical (NT) males, and 91 ASD and 233 NT females using local functional connectivity density (lFCD) mapping and seed-voxel correlation analyses to assess how local and long-range connectivities differ in ASD...
December 29, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296103/interoceptive-sensitivity-as-a-proxy-for-emotional-intensity-and-its-relationship-with-perseverative-cognition
#11
Ricardo G Lugo, Kirsi Helkala, Benjamin J Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Natalie M Lande, Stefan Sütterlin
Background: Technical advancement in military cyber defense poses increased cognitive demands on cyber officers. In the cyber domain, the influence of emotion on decision-making is rarely investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess psychophysiological correlation with perseverative cognitions during emotionally intensive/stressful situations in cyber military personnel. In line with parallel research on clinical samples high on perseverative cognition, we expected a decreased interoceptive sensitivity in officers with high levels of perseverative cognition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291505/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-heartbeat-perception-implications-for-anxiety
#12
Kenneth Abrams, Kate Cieslowski, Stacey Johnson, Sam Krimmel, Gabby Bierlein-De La Rosa, Kirstie Barton, Pombie Silverman
INTRODUCTION: It is well established that some individuals self-medicate their anxiety with alcohol. Though much evidence exists that alcohol consumption can be negatively reinforcing, there remains uncertainty regarding what mediates the relationship between alcohol and anxiety. An unexplored possibility is that, for some, alcohol impairs interoceptive sensitivity (the ability to accurately perceive one's physiological state), thereby decreasing state anxiety. Consistent with this, highly accurate heartbeat perception is a risk factor both for elevated trait anxiety and anxiety disorders...
December 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275207/grey-matter-and-functional-connectivity-in-anterior-cingulate-cortex-is-associated-with-the-state-of-mental-silence-during-sahaja-yoga-meditation
#13
Sergio Elías Hernández, Alfonso Barros-Loscertales, Yaqiong Xiao, José Luis González-Mora, Katya Rubia
Some meditation techniques teach the practitioner to achieve the state of mental silence. The aim of this study was to investigate brain regions that are associated in their volume and functional connectivity with the depth of mental silence in long-term practitioners of Sahaja Yoga Meditation. Twenty-three long-term practitioners of this meditation were scanned using Magnetic Resonance Imaging. In order to identify the neural correlates of the depth of mental silence, we tested which grey matter volumes were correlated with the depth of mental silence and which regions these areas were functionally connected to under a meditation condition...
December 21, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251084/further-evidence-for-an-external-focus-of-attention-in-running-looking-at-specific-focus-instructions-and-individual-differences
#14
Antje Hill, Linda Schücker, Norbert Hagemann, Bernd Strauß
Although attentional focusing in sports has been broadly investigated, the findings vary when it comes to endurance sports. This study provides a comparison between relevant foci in the literature of running economy. These include two internal foci-one addressing automated processes (running movement) and the other nonautomated processes (internal body signals and perceived exertion), an external focus (video) and a control condition. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of interoceptive sensitivity on oxygen consumption within the different attention conditions...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#15
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201014/impaired-interoceptive-accuracy-in-semantic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#16
Charles R Marshall, Chris J D Hardy, Lucy L Russell, Camilla N Clark, Katrina M Dick, Emilie V Brotherhood, Rebecca L Bond, Catherine J Mummery, Jonathan M Schott, Jonathan D Rohrer, James M Kilner, Jason D Warren
Background: Interoception (the perception of internal bodily sensations) is strongly linked to emotional experience and sensitivity to the emotions of others in healthy subjects. Interoceptive impairment may contribute to the profound socioemotional symptoms that characterize frontotemporal dementia (FTD) syndromes, but remains poorly defined. Methods: Patients representing all major FTD syndromes and healthy age-matched controls performed a heartbeat counting task as a measure of interoceptive accuracy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200996/regulation-of-brown-adipose-tissue-activity-by-interoceptive-cns-pathways-the-interaction-between-brain-and-periphery
#17
Otto Muzik, Vaibhav A Diwadkar
To maintain thermal homeostasis, specific thermogenic tissues are under the control of central thermoregulatory networks that regulate the body's response to thermal challenges. One of these mechanisms involves non-shivering thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), which is activated in cold environments in order to defend the body against physical damage as a result of hypothermia. The objective of our study was to assess the interaction between CNS thermoregulatory pathways and sympathetic innervation in BAT during a cold exposure paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184095/exteroceptive-expectations-modulate-interoceptive-processing-repetition-suppression-effects-for-visual-and-heartbeat-evoked-potentials
#18
Amanda C Marshall, Antje Gentsch, Valentina Jelinčić, Simone Schütz-Bosbach
Interoception refers to the signaling of internal bodily commands. Here, we explore repetition suppression of intero- and exteroceptive neural markers to test whether the perception and predictability of exteroceptive stimulus material affects their expression. Participants completed a repetition suppression paradigm in which angry or neutral facial expressions repeated or alternated. Participants received either an implicit (experiment 1) or explicit (experiment 2) cue enabling the formation of expectations regarding the upcoming facial expression...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182944/learning-to-feel-tired-a-learning-trajectory-towards-chronic-fatigue
#19
Bert Lenaert, Yannick Boddez, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Caroline M van Heugten
Chronic fatigue complaints are frequently reported in the general population and fatigue ranks among the most commonly reported symptoms in chronic disease. In contrast to its high prevalence and impact on quality of life, relatively little is understood about the etiology of chronic fatigue. We present a cognitive-behavioral framework, the 'ALT+F' model, that conceptualizes fatigue from an associative learning perspective, and we will evaluate the current evidence for this position. Central to this framework is the notion that interoceptive and exteroceptive stimuli can become associated with the fatigue experience...
November 22, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179911/growth-hormone-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-secretions-in-eating-disorders-correlations-with-psychopathological-aspects-of-the-disorders
#20
Francesca Brambilla, Paolo Santonastaso, Lorenza Caregaro, Angela Favaro
Hormonal alterations in Eating Disorders (ED) may result from the biochemical stress of malnutrition/starvation. The correlations between some hormonal impairments, particularly of the somatotropic axis, and the psychopathological aspects of ED are still undefined. We measured the plasma concentrations of the somatotropic hormone (GH) and the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in 136 patients with various forms of ED, 65 with restricted Anorexia Nervosa (ANR), 19 with bingeing-purging Anorexia Nervosa (ANBP), 12 with purging-non binging Anorexia Nervosa (ANP), 26 with Bulimia Nervosa (BN), 8 with ED not otherwise specified-anorexic type (EDNOS-AN), 7 with ED not otherwise specified-bulimic type (EDNOS-BN) and in 30 healthy controls...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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