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Preoperative consult

Johann Malina-Altzinger, Georg Damerau, Klaus W Grätz, P D Bernd Stadlinger
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and the inter- and intra-examiner reliability of panoramic-radiograph-driven findings of different maxillary sinus anatomic variations and pathologies, which had initially been prediagnosed by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: After pairs of two-dimensional (2D) panoramic and three-dimensional (3D) CBCT images of patients having received treatment at the outpatient department had been screened, the predefinition of 54 selected maxillary sinus conditions was initially performed on CBCT images by two blinded consultants individually using a questionnaire that defined ten different clinically relevant findings...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Marc Gregory Yu, Jenny Maureen Atun
Tuberculous (TB) lymphadenitis can mimic cervical node metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) since the distribution and appearance of affected lymph nodes are similar. We present the case of an asymptomatic 50-year-old Filipino who sought consult for a gradually enlarging anterior neck mass and a single palpable cervical lymph node. Preoperative workup suggested a thyroid malignancy with nodal metastasis. He underwent total thyroidectomy with node dissection where histopathology confirmed follicular variant- (FV-) PTC...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Zeinab M Alawadi, Isabel M Leal, Juan R Flores, Julie L Holihan, Blake E Henchcliffe, Thomas O Mitchell, Tien C Ko, Mike K Liang, Lillian S Kao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify issues important to patients in their decision-making, expectations, and satisfaction when seeking treatment for a ventral hernia. STUDY DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted of adult patients with ventral hernias seeking care at a safety-net hospital. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with each patient: prior to and 6 -months following surgical consultation. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded using latent content analysis until data saturation was achieved...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
A G M Jünemann, R Rejdak, B Hohberger
BACKGROUND: In contrast to all other glaucoma surgeries, filtration surgery is associated with biomicroscopically visible wound healing, which enables the surgeon to perform revision surgeries if necessary. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide general considerations and to give a structured overview about bleb revisions after trabeculectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The different revision techniques are explained in detail and in the context of perioperative management...
October 13, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Antoine Dangin, Sandrine Boulat, Frédéric Farizon, Rémi Philippot
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgery presenting well-known failures that may require surgical revision. To reduce the risk of hip dislocation after revision THA, we hypothesize the interest of the use of a new generation dual mobility cup by evaluating its survival and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the survival and the failures rate of 91 patients who underwent revision THAs with a specific dual mobility cup Novae® E TH (SERF, Décines-Charpieu, France)...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Shirish Dattatraya Yande, Omkar Vinay Joglekar, Maya Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Role of urodynamics prior to surgery of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is under constant debate. Demonstration of the presence of detrusor overactivity is the only aspect that has been emphasized in the literature so far. We believe that there are number of other factors which may influence the evaluation and in turn the choice of surgical management and prediction of outcome of treatment. They are as follows: (1) Presence of voiding inefficiency, (2) asymptomatic detrusor overactivity, (3) and severity of SUI...
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Meredith Degnan, Jessica Brodt, Yiliam Rodriguez-Blanco
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe our institutional experience, primarily with general anesthesiologists consulting with cardiac anesthesiologists, caring for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the population of patients with LVADs at a single institution undergoing noncardiac procedures between 2009 and 2014. Demographic, perioperative, and procedural data collected included the type of procedure performed, anesthetic technique, vasopressor requirements, invasive monitors used, anesthesia provider type, blood product management, need for postoperative intubation, postoperative disposition and length of stay, and perioperative complications including mortality...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Gema Ruíz-López Del Prado, Vendula Blaya-Nováková, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Óscar Luis Álvarez-Montero, Alba Ayala, Maria Fe Muñoz-Moreno, Maria João Forjaz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dental injuries incurred during endotracheal intubation are more frequent in patients with previous oral pathology. The study objectives were to develop an oral health questionnaire for preanaesthesia evaluation, easy to apply for personnel without special dental training; and establish a cut-off value for detecting persons with poor oral health. METHODS: Validation study of a self-administered questionnaire, designed according to a literature review and an expert group's recommendations...
September 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Laura A Davis, Firas Dandachli, Robert Turcotte, Oren K Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: The standard of care for lower extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is limb-sparing surgery. A small subset of these patients will require concomitant vascular reconstruction to ensure adequate resection and to preserve limb viability and function. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes in these patients with respect to wound healing and postoperative functional status. METHODS: Outcomes for a total of 154 patients treated for malignant lower extremity STS during an 8-year period between 2005 and 2013 were entered in a prospective registry...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Julia Hamonet-Torny, Daniel Le Bellego, Elisabeth Jasper, Annie-Laure Suc, Laurent Fourcade
OBJECTIVE: The réseau enfance et handicap du grand Sud-Ouest (REHSO) as founded in November 2015 to promote pediatric PRM on this territory and to standardize the practices within the establishments participant. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In May 2015, a study on the management of surgical projects in disabled children was realised by a questionnaire sent to the structures of pediatric PRM of the West. In June 2015, a working group composed by 17 surgeons, pediatrician and MPR practitioners discussed about their different practices and built a consensus on the steps to lead during a surgical project in disabled children...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Johannes Sarnthein, Lennart Stieglitz, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: To improve the transparency of the local health care system, treatment cost was recently referenced to disease related groups. Treatment quality must be legally documented in a patient registry, in particular for the highly specialized treatments provided by neurosurgery departments. METHODS: In 2013 we have installed a patient registry focused on cranial neurosurgery. Surgeries are characterized by indication, treatment, location and other specific neurosurgical parameters...
2016: PloS One
Wei-Hsuan Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Hsi-Chin Wu, Po-Fan Hsieh I
PURPOSE: The percentage of parenchyma preserved plays a predominant role in predicting renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN). Currently there is no standard method to estimate preserved renal parenchyma. In this study we propose a formula of the percentage of resected and ischemic volume (PRAIV) determined by a geometric model and evaluate the relationships between renal functional change and PRAIV as well as other clinical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 71 patients who underwent open PN between January 2004 and April 2014...
September 12, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Christine A Ho, David A Podeszwa, Anthony I Riccio, Robert L Wimberly, Brandon A Ramo
BACKGROUND: Neurovascular injury in pediatric supracondylar fractures (SCHFx) has been associated with fracture classification but not with soft tissue injury. The purpose of this study is to correlate clinical soft tissue damage to neurovascular injuries in SCHFx. METHODS: This is an institutional review board approved prospective study from January 2010 through December 2013 of 748 operatively treated pediatric SCHFx. Prospective data were gathered both preoperatively and intraoperatively regarding detailed neurovascular examination as well as soft tissue status, with qualitative descriptives for swelling (mild/moderate/severe), ecchymosis, abrasions, skin tenting, and skin puckering...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ehlie K Bruno, Jeffrey D Bennett
Platelet abnormalities result from a wide range of congenital and acquired conditions, which may be known or unknown to patients presenting for oral maxillofacial surgery. It is critical to obtain a thorough history, including discussion of any episodes of bleeding or easy bruising, to potentially discern patients with an underlying platelet disorder. If patients indicate a positive history, preoperative laboratory studies are indicated, with potential referral or consultation with a hematologist. Appropriate preoperative planning may reduce the risk of bleeding associated with platelet dysfunction, potentially avoiding serious perioperative and postoperative complications...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Omur Gunaldi, Hakan Kina, Osman Tanriverdi, Uzay Erdogan, Lütfi Şinasi Postalci
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, endoscope started to be used for the excision of the brainstem lesions or those localized in the anterior part of the brainstem. In this paper a case of clival meningioma resected through endoscopic endonasal transclival route has been presented with illustrations, live surgery videos demonstrating the surgery step by step. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old male patient consulted to us with dysphagia,and impaired consciousness. MR imaging detected a mass lesion with a wide base localized clivus and anterior part of brainstem...
May 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Markus Pirlich, Mary Tittmann, Daniela Franz, Andreas Dietz, Mathias Hofer
"CI-Wizard" is a new, three-dimensional software planning tool for cochlear implant surgery with manual and semi-automatic algorithms to visualize anatomical risk structures of the lateral skull base preoperatively. Primary endpoints of the study represented the evaluation of the CI-Wizards usability, accuracy, subjectively perceived and objectively measured time in clinical practice. In a period from January 2014 to March 2015, n = 36 participants were included in this study. These members were divided into three groups of equal number (n = 12), but different level of experience...
September 2, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Devasis N Reddy, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Benjamin J Thomas, Eric D Nudleman, George A Williams
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to present the long-term anatomical and visual outcomes of retinal detachment repair in patients with Stickler syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series of patients with Stickler syndrome undergoing retinal reattachment surgery from 2009 to 2014 at the Associated Retinal Consultants, William Beaumont Hospital. RESULTS: Sixteen eyes from 13 patients were identified...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero, Antonio Arroyo-Sebastián, Kamila Cheikh-Moussa, Pedro Moya-Forcen
UNLABELLED: Introducción: Preoperative nutritional status (NS) has consequences on postoperative (POSTOP) recovery. Our aim was to systematically review the nutritional interventions (NI) in Fast-Track protocols for colorectal cancer surgery and assess morbidity-mortality and patient´s recovery. METHOD: Systematic review of scientific literature after consulting bibliographic databases: Medline, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Institute for Scientific Information, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jonathan Kam, Elizabeth Harrop, Priscilla Parmar, Raymond Kim, Nicholas Leith, Indunil Gunawardena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of preoperative phone counseling by junior medical staff for improving the standard of informed consent for tonsillectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: District general hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 43 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were randomly allocated to 2 groups. Group A (n = 25) underwent the conventional consent process by the consultant ear, nose, and throat surgeon at the time of assessment (which generally takes place 6 to 12 months prior to surgery due to wait-list times)...
August 23, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Kyle H Gennaro, Jennifer Gordetsky, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, John P Selph
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for urologic reconstruction during surgery for endometriosis PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients in a surgical pathology database undergoing surgery for endometriosis at our institution from 2010-2015 and subsequently identified those patients with ureteral involvement. Patients were categorized as requiring minimal urologic surgery (e.g. ureterolysis only) or more extensive urologic surgery (e.g. ureteral reimplant). All patients were undergoing surgery for endometriosis, and preoperative risk factors were then identified to predict the need for intraoperative extensive urologic surgery...
August 16, 2016: Urology
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