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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535669/acute-hepatitis-a-b-and-c-but-not-d-is-still-prevalent-in-mongolia-a-time-trend-analysis
#1
Oidov Baatarkhuu, Hye Won Lee, Jacob George, Dashchirev Munkh-Orshikh, Baasankhuu Enkhtuvshin, Sosorbaram Ariunaa, Mohammed Eslam, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang-Hyub Han, Do Young Kim
Background/Aims: Mongolia has one of the highest hepatitis A, C, B and D infection incidences worldwide. We sought to investigate changes in the proportion of acute viral hepatitis types in Mongolia over the last decade. Methods: The cohort comprised 546 consecutive patients clinically diagnosed with acute viral hepatitis from January 2012 to December 2014 in Ulaanbaatar Hospital, Mongolia. A time trend analysis investigating the change in proportion of acute hepatitis A virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection among the cohort with respect to a previous published study was undertaken...
May 2, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535652/-analysis-of-clinical-prognosis-and-the-correlation-between-bile-duct-injury-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-the-level-of-hepatic-arterial-embolization-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
H Y Xu, X P Yu, R Feng, H J Hu, W W Xiao
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and the level of hepatic arterial embolization, and to analyze the clinical prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Methods: From January18, 2012 to December18, 2014, 21 patients underwent TACE for HCC were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' clinical and pathological data. The clinical outcome and relevant factors for bile duct injury were analyzed. Results: A total of 21 patients were identified with bile duct injury at our single institution...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535637/-analysis-of-prodromal-phase-and-prodromal-events-in-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#3
Y Yao, B Peng, X H Wang, F Fang, D Xu, X L Xu, H T Ren, Y C Zhu, L Y Cui, H Z Guan
Objective: To analyze prodromal phase and prodromal events of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. Methods: Clinical data of 179 patients hospitalized and diagnosed during 2010-2016 including adults and children in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Beijing Children's Hospital were collected.Patients with prodromal phase or prodromal events were selected.A retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics including prodromal phase or prodromal events, course of disease, brain imaging, laboratory results and therapeutic effect was performed...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535630/-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-prognosis-for-bleeding-in-very-old-male-patients-with-stage-5-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
X Shen, Q G Ao, Q L Cheng, S Liu, J H Zhao, Q Ma, G Yang, Y Liu
Objective: To analyze the risk factors and prognosis of bleeding in very old male patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: The clinical data of 143 very old male patients with stage 5 CKD was retrospectively analyzed. According to the occurrence of bleeding, the patients were divided into two groups including the hemorrhage group and the non-hemorrhage group. The history of diseases, renal function, blood cell parameters and coagulation index were compared and analyzed between the two groups...
May 16, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535617/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-sarcoidosis-an-update-from-a-population-based-cohort-study-from-olmsted-county-minnesota
#5
P Ungprasert, C S Crowson, E L Matteson
Information about the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and comorbidities of sarcoidosis among Caucasians is relatively scarce. This review focuses primarily on the data from a recently published Caucasianpredominant population-based cohort from Olmsted County, Minnesota. Overall, the incidence rate was 10.0 per 100,000 population, which suggested that sarcoidosis is less common in Caucasians than in Blacks, but is more common in Caucasians than in Asians. Intrathoracic involvement was seen in the vast majority of patients, but less than half have respiratory symptoms...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535581/human-papillomavirus-infection-associated-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-hard-palate
#6
Arthur Minwoo Chung, Dong Il Sun, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535562/isocentric-navigation-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-transforaminal-discectomy-at-the-l5-s1-level-in-difficult-puncture-cases-a-technical-note
#7
Guoxin Fan, Teng Wang, Shuo Hu, Xiaofei Guan, Xin Gu, Shisheng He
BACKGROUND: Accurate puncture during percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy at the L5/S1 level in cases with high iliac crest and narrow foramen were difficult, even though the difficulties of foraminoplasty could be overcome by advanced instruments like reamers. OBJECTIVES: The report aimed to describe an isocentric navigation technique with a definite pathway in difficult puncture cases at the L5/S1 level. STUDY DESIGN: Technical note...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535559/initial-clinical-outcomes-of-percutaneous-full-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-using-an-interlaminar-approach-at-the-l4-l5
#8
Jun-Ichiro Nakamura, Kiyoshi Yoshihara
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous full-endoscopic discectomy (PED) is being increasingly used because of its potential to minimalize soft-tissue damage and decrease hospital stay. PED using the interlaminar approach (PED-IL) at L4-L5 is performed by only a few surgeons. To the best of our knowledge, the safety and efficacy of PED-IL at L4-L5, without experience in PED via a transforaminal approach (PED-TF) has not been previously reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate initial clinical outcomes and complications of PED-IL at L4-L5 without experience in PED-TF...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535545/portuguese-recommendations-for-the-use-of-methotrexate-in-rheumatic-diseases-2016-update
#9
Ana Catarina Duarte, Daniela Santos-Faria, Maria João Gonçalves, Alexandre Sepriano, Ana Filipa Mourão, Cátia Duarte, Joana Sousa Neves, Ana Filipa Águeda, Pedro Ávila Ribeiro, Alexandra Daniel, Adriano Neto, Ana Cordeiro, Ana Rodrigues, Anabela Barcelos, Cândida Silva, Cristina Ponte, Elsa Vieira-Sousa, Filipa Teixeira, Filipa Oliveira-Ramos, Filipe Araújo, Filipe Barcelos, Helena Canhão, Helena Santos, João Ramos, Joaquim Pereira, José Costa, José António Melo Gomes, Luís Cunha-Miranda, Lúcia Costa, Marcos Cerqueira, Margarida Cruz, Maria José Santos, Miguel Bernardes, Paula Oliveira, Pedro Abreu, Ricardo Figueira, Rita Barros, Sandra Falcão, Patrícia Pinto, Sofia Pimenta, Susana Capela, Vitor Teixeira, João Eurico Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) is the first-line drug in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the most commonly prescribed disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug. Moreover, it is also used as an adjuvant drug in patients under biologic therapies, enhancing the efficacy of biologic agents. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature and update the Portuguese recommendations for the use of MTX in rheumatic diseases first published in 2009. METHODS: The first Portuguese guidelines for the use of MTX in rheumatic diseases were published in 2009 and were integrated in the multinational 3E Initiative (Evidence Expertise Exchange) project...
May 9, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535529/looking-into-the-graft-without-a-biopsy-biomarkers-of-acute-rejection-in-renal-transplantation
#10
Andrea Angeletti, Paolo Cravedi
Immunosuppression in kidney transplantation is still largely driven by center-specific protocols and adjusted according to the presence of graft dysfunction, drug toxicity or infection. Due to the current inability to titrate immunosuppression to the needs of every single patient, this approach is burdened by an increased risk of under or over-immunosuppression. To extend allograft survival, immunosuppression should be decided based on reliable biomarkers capable of quantifying the alloimmune response and/or noninvasively diagnosing acute rejection...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535467/molecular-approaches-to-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-production-diseases-in-pigs
#11
REVIEW
Timothy A Giles, Aouatif Belkhiri, Paul A Barrow, Neil Foster
Production disease in pigs is caused by a variety of different pathogens, mainly enteric and respiratory and can result in significant economic loss. Other factors such as stress, poor husbandry and nutrition can also contribute to an animal's susceptibility to disease. Molecular biomarkers of production disease could be of immense value by improving diagnosis and risk analysis to determine best practice with an impact on increased economic output and animal welfare. In addition to the use of multiplex PCR or microarrays to detect individual or mixed pathogens during infection, these technologies can also be used to monitor the host response to infection via gene expression...
May 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535440/management-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-with-a-new-antibiotic-adjuvant-entity-ceftriaxone-sulbactam-disodium-edetate-a-novel-approach-to-spare-carbapenems
#12
Prachee Sathe, Sagar Maddani, Shilpa Kulkarni, Nita Munshi
BACKGROUND: Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most serious nosocomial infections in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to evaluate a new approach to spare the carbapenems for the management of patients diagnosed with VAP due to Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii). METHOD: This retrospective study was conducted on VAP patients presenting for treatment at tertiary care centre between May 2014 and March 2016. The case sheets of patients who have been treated for VAP with meropenem, antibiotic adjuvant entity (AAE) and colistin were analysed...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535437/comparative-evaluation-of-three-fda-approved-hiv-ag-ab-combination-tests-using-a-genetically-diverse-hiv-panel-and-diagnostic-specimens
#13
Xiaoxing Qiu, Lori Sokoll, Paul Yip, Debra J Elliott, Renu Dua, Phaedre Mohr, Xiao Yan Wang, Megan Spencer, Priscilla Swanson, George J Dawson, John Hackett
BACKGROUND: HIV Ag/Ab combination assays are recommended by CDC for routine screening and several HIV Ag/Ab combination tests are now FDA-approved. Maintaining high specificity and consistent sensitivity across diverse HIV strains is critical for these assays to accurately detect HIV infection and expedite delivery of patient results. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate performance of three FDA-approved HIV tests: ARCHITECT HIV Combo (Abbott), ADVIA Centaur HIV Combo (Siemens) and BioPlex HIV Ag-Ab (Bio-Rad)...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#14
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535400/comparison-of-the-cervista-hpv-hr-test-and-luminex-xmap-technology-for-the-diagnosis-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#15
Pei-Yu Zhao, Hui-Ci Jiang, Yue Li, Jin-Bo Wang, Ting-Ting Zhang, Cheng-Hua Liu, Li-Wen Song, Jia-Jing Cheng
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the Cervista high risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) test with Luminex XMAP technology for the detection of the relationship between HPV infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. METHODS: In total, 3280 patients in a cervical specialty clinic were divided into two groups for either Cervista (1855 patients) or Luminex (1425 patients). Subsequent colposcopy examinations were performed in 1270 women with cytologic results showing ASCUS or higher level lesions...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#16
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535362/tympanostomy-tube-placement-vs-medical-management-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-tricare-insured-children
#17
Nikhila Raol, Meesha Sharma, Emily F Boss, Wei Jiang, John W Scott, Peter Learn, Joel S Weissman
Objective To compare number of infections and health care utilization in children insured by TRICARE with recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) managed surgically with tympanostomy tube (TT) placement compared with those managed medically. Study Design Retrospective matched cohort study. Setting TRICARE claims database from 2006 to 2010. Subjects and Methods We matched TRICARE beneficiaries ≤5 years of age diagnosed with RAOM who underwent TT placement with those managed medically using 1:1 coarsened-exact matching on age, sex, race, sponsor rank, and region...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535360/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-otolaryngological-manifestations-and-management
#18
Richard Heyes, Donald W Northfelt, David G Lott
Objective Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a unifying term for a spectrum of lymphoid expansion entities brought about by immunosuppression and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Otolaryngological findings tend to present early in the clinical course; therefore, disease awareness among otolaryngologists is of utmost importance. This review synthesizes the body of literature pertaining to PTLD involving the head and neck, summarizes contemporary management, and highlights areas for future research...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535339/ecophysiological-examination-of-the-lake-erie-microcystis-bloom-in-2014-linkages-between-biology-and-the-water-supply-shutdown-of-toledo-ohio
#19
Morgan Michelle Steffen, Timothy W Davis, Robert Michael McKay, George S Bullerjahn, Lauren E Krausfeldt, Joshua M A Stough, Michelle L Neitzey, Naomi E Gilbert, Gregory L Boyer, Thomas H Johengen, Duane C Gossiaux, Ashley M Burtner, Danna Palladino, Mark Rowe, Gregory J Dick, Kevin Meyer, Shawn Levy, Braden Boone, Richard Stumpf, Timothy Wynne, Paul V Zimba, Danielle B Gutierrez, Steven W Wilhelm
Annual cyanobacterial blooms dominated by Microcystis have occurred in western Lake Erie (USA/Canada) during summer months since 1995. The production of toxins by bloom-forming cyanobacteria can lead to drinking water crises, such as the one experienced by the city of Toledo in August of 2014, when the city was rendered without drinking water for > 2 days. It is important to understand the conditions and environmental cues that were driving this specific bloom to provide a scientific framework for management of future bloom events...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535303/a-novel-goldnano-carb-test-for-rapid-phenotypic-detection-of-carbapenemases-particularly-oxa-type-in-enterobacteriaceae-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-acinetobacter-spp
#20
Arpasiri Srisrattakarn, Aroonlug Lulitanond, Chotechana Wilailuckana, Nicha Charoensri, Jureerut Daduang, Aroonwadee Chanawong
Objectives: To develop a simple gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-based colorimetric test, GoldNano Carb (GoldC), for detecting carbapenemase production in Gram-negative bacteria, compared with updated Carba NP (CNP) and CarbAcineto NP (CAcNP) tests by using PCR methods as gold standard. Methods: Ninety-nine carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), Pseudomonas spp. and Acinetobacter spp. isolates and 89 non-CPE isolates were tested by the GoldC and CNP. Additionally, the CAcNP was performed in the Acinetobacter spp...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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