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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835167/searching-for-prohibited-items-in-mental-health-hospitals-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-two-metal-detecting-technologies
#1
James Laidlaw, Roland Dix, Philip Slack, Chris Foy, Andy Hayward, Alan Metherall, Steve Ireland, James Wright, Paul O'Rourke, Jon Williams, Anneka Rose
Weapons and other items with potential to cause harm are usually prohibited in mental-health hospitals and other psychiatric facilities. Detecting such prohibited items (PIs) can be problematic, particularly if concealed, and metal detectors are commonly used to search for such items. Our study compared two types of metal detection: continuous wave detection (CWD) by hand-held metal detector (HHMD) and magnetic anomaly detection (MAD) by a static pole device. In the study, real and dummy PIs were hidden on test subjects and in a simulated body cavity...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757880/buccal-fat-pad-as-a-potential-source-of-stem-cells-for-bone-regeneration-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Nasim Salehi-Nik, Maryam Rezai Rad, Lida Kheiri, Pantea Nazeman, Nasser Nadjmi, Arash Khojasteh
Adipose tissues hold great promise in bone tissue engineering since they are available in large quantities as a waste material. The buccal fat pad (BFP) is a specialized adipose tissue that is easy to harvest and contains a rich blood supply, and its harvesting causes low complications for patients. This review focuses on the characteristics and osteogenic capability of stem cells derived from BFP as a valuable cell source for bone tissue engineering. An electronic search was performed on all in vitro and in vivo studies that used stem cells from BFP for the purpose of bone tissue engineering from 2010 until 2016...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736916/hyaluronate-effect-on-bacterial-biofilm-in-ent-district-infections-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Margherita Tofanelli, Francesca Boscolo Nata, Annalisa Gatto, Giancarlo Tirelli
Bacterial resistance is a growing phenomenon which led the scientific community to search for new therapeutic targets, such as biofilm. A bacterial biofilm is a surface-associated agglomerate of microorganisms embedded in a self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix made of polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and proteins. Scientific literature offers several reports on a biofilm's role in infections regarding various body districts. The presence of a bacterial biofilm is responsible for poor efficacy of antibiotic therapies along with bacterial infections in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) districts such as the oral cavity, ear, nasal cavities, and nasal sinuses...
September 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725422/lesson-learnt-from-a-migrated-drain-a-case-report
#4
Veerabhadra Radhakrishna, Sharad M Tanga
INTRODUCTION: Though surgical drainage is used as a safety measure, it's not without complications. Migration of various drains has been described, but very little literature refers to the migration of peritoneal drain. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 55-year male underwent anterior Gastro-Jejunostomy for inoperable metastatic carcinoma of the Gastric Pylorus. We found the peritoneal drain missing on the third post-operative day. On further evaluation, we found it to have migrated into the peritoneal cavity...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724921/saliva-and-tooth-biofilm-bacterial-microbiota-in-adolescents-in-a-low-caries-community
#5
Linda Eriksson, Pernilla Lif Holgerson, Ingegerd Johansson
The oral cavity harbours a complex microbiome that is linked to dental diseases and serves as a route to other parts of the body. Here, the aims were to characterize the oral microbiota by deep sequencing in a low-caries population with regular dental care since childhood and search for association with caries prevalence and incidence. Saliva and tooth biofilm from 17-year-olds and mock bacteria communities were analysed using 16S rDNA Illumina MiSeq (v3-v4) and PacBio SMRT (v1-v8) sequencing including validity and reliability estimates...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450777/rare-locations-of-epidermoid-cyst-case-reports-and-review
#6
Saibaba Mahalakshmi, Sateesha Reddy, T K Ramamurthy, B Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Epidermoid cysts are benign lesions encountered throughout the body. Eighty percent of epidermoid cyst seen in ovaries and testicles, whereas in head and neck region they account for only 1.6-7.0%. 1.6% of epidermoid cysts occur in oral cavity and they account for 0.01% of all the oral cavity cysts. CASE DETAILS: Two case reports of epidermoid cyst has been discussed. One patient reported with well defined swelling in the right lower one third of the face, another one in the upper lip...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446350/the-first-aid-and-hospital-treatment-of-gunshot-and-blast-injuries
#7
Axel Franke, Dan Bieler, Benedikt Friemert, Robert Schwab, Erwin Kollig, Christoph Güsgen
BACKGROUND: When gunshot and blast injuries affect only a single person, first aid can always be delivered in conformity with the relevant guidelines. In contrast, when there is a dynamic casualty situation affecting many persons, such as after a terrorist attack, treatment may need to be focused on immediately life-threatening complications. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in Medline and on the authors' clinical experience...
April 7, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443833/bulk-fill-composites-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#8
Annelies Van Ende, Jan De Munck, Diogo Pedrollo Lise, Bart Van Meerbeek
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to provide an overview of the literature on the currently available bulk-fill composites, and to describe the common trends as well as the wide variations. The findings may help the clinician to select the proper material with regard to its applicability in various clinical situations. METHODS: The literature up to October 2016 was reviewed based on a PubMed search (keywords: "bulk-fill OR bulkfill OR bulk fill" AND "composite OR composites")...
2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098584/interrater-agreement-of-manual-palpation-for-identification-of-myofascial-trigger-points-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Alasdair T L Rathbone, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Dinesh A Kumbhare
OBJECTIVE: To achieve a statistical estimate of the agreement of manual palpation for identification of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) and secondarily to investigate potential factors impacting the agreement of this technique. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE(R) and Embase for studies examining the reproducibility of manual palpation for the identification of MTrPs from the year 2007 to present. In addition, we utilized studies identified by 2 comprehensive systematic reviews that covered the period before 2007...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891304/metastasis-to-the-oral-soft-tissues-a-review-of-412-cases
#10
REVIEW
Soussan Irani
The present review article analyzes the characteristics of metastases to the oral soft tissues from 1937 to 2015. An extensive literature search was performed. All variables such as age, gender, and primary and secondary tumor sites were analyzed. Metastases to the major salivary glands were not included in this review. In general, there were 412 metastatic lesions developed in the oral soft tissues. The male-to-female ratio was approximately 1.8:1. The mean age of the patients at diagnosis was 58. The lung was the most common primary site and the gingiva was the most common metastatic site...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854386/high-miscarriage-rate-in-women-treated-with-essure%C3%A2-for-hydrosalpinx-before-embryo-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
M W Barbosa, A Sotiriadis, S I Papatheodorou, V Mijatovic, C O Nastri, W P Martins
OBJECTIVES: Essure® has been tested as an alternative treatment for hydrosalpinx before embryo transfer (ET) in women undergoing assisted reproduction techniques. However, the persistence of a foreign body inside the uterine cavity might have a negative impact on the outcome of pregnancy. The present systematic review aimed at identifying, appraising and summarizing the available evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of using Essure prior to ET for women with hydrosalpinx. METHODS: We searched for studies in PubMed, Scopus, CENTRAL, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials...
November 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666123/lasers-for-caries-removal-in-deciduous-and-permanent-teeth
#12
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D'Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable improvements in oral health, dental caries continue to be a public health issue. The most frequently used, and universally accepted technique, to remove caries is through mechanical ablation of decayed tissues by means of rotating drills (diamond or tungsten carbide, or both). In the past few decades, the introduction of adhesive filling materials (resin composites) has affected cavity filling procedures by reducing its retention needs, with advantages for dental tissue conservation...
September 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542804/emergency-department-care-of-childhood-epistaxis
#13
REVIEW
E Béquignon, N Teissier, A Gauthier, L Brugel, H De Kermadec, A Coste, V Prulière-Escabasse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine an efficient and safe primary strategy care for paediatric epistaxis. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases for studies referenced with key words 'epistaxis AND childhood'. This search yielded 32 research articles about primary care in childhood epistaxis (from 1989 to 2015). Bibliographic references found in these articles were also examined to identify pertinent literature. We compared our results to the specific management of adult epistaxis classically described in the literature...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386008/the-promising-applications-of-stem-cells-in-the-oral-region-literature-review
#14
Luciano Barreto Silva, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos Neto, Rachel Gomes Pelozo Pacheco, Severino Alves Júnior, Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Vanda Sanderana Macedo Carneiro, Natália Costa Araújo, Marcia Maria Fonseca da Silveira, Diana Santana de Albuquerque, Marleny Elizabeth Marquez de Martinez Gerbi, Pamella Recco Álvares, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Ana Paula Veras Sobral
INTRODUCTION: For a long time researchers have tried to find out a way to grow tissues back to the human body in order to solve transplantation problems by offering the unique opportunity to have their organs back, working properly, in search of life dignity. LITERATURE REVIEW: Stem cells seem to be present in many other tissues than researchers had once thought; and in some specific sites they can be easily collected, without the need of expensive interventions...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330981/molecular-identification-of-a-new-myxozoan-myxobolus-dermiscalis-n-sp-myxosporea-infecting-scales-of-labeo-rohita-hamilton-in-harike-wetland-punjab-india
#15
Harpreet Kaur, Rajni Attri, Jyoti Joshi
In the present study, a new species Myxobolus dermiscalis n. sp. infecting scales of Labeo rohita, an Indian major carp from Harike Wetland in Punjab, India has been described on the basis of spore morphology and amplification of a part of 18S rDNA gene. The pseudocysts of M. dermiscalis n. sp. are milky white with irregular outline, 0.5-3.6 mm in diameter embedded within the dermal scale in the form of a cavity. The spores 5.84-7.98 × 3.98-5.98 μm in size, having two equal polar capsules 3.98-5.98 × 1...
August 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234438/human-herpesvirus-type-8-associated-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-nonserous-extracavitary-variant-of-primary-effusion-lymphoma-in-an%C3%A2-hiv-infected-man-a-case-report-and-review%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
William R Foster, Alina Bischin, Russell Dorer, David M Aboulafia
BACKGROUND: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype primarily seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals with low CD4(+) cell counts and elevated HIV viral loads. It has always been associated with human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) and in 80% of cases has also been associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Less commonly, PEL has presented in patients with advanced age and other conditions associated with an altered immunity, including malignancy, liver cirrhosis, and immunosuppressive medications...
June 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162596/large-gastric-teratoma-a-rare-intra-abdominal-mass-of-infancy
#17
Roumina Hasan, Vidya Monappa, Sandeep Kumar, Vijay Kumar
Amongst the varied, diverse causes of intraabdominal masses in infancy and early childhood, gastric teratomas (GTs) account for a very small proportion. A worldwide literature search reveals only around one hundred cases of GT and also supports the fact that its preoperative diagnosis remains elusive. Here we report the case of a two-month-old male who presented to the pediatric surgery outpatient department of Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Karnataka, India, with progressive distension of abdomen since birth...
May 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152629/pancreatic-necrosectomy-an-evidence-based-systematic-review-of-the-levels-of-evidence-and-a-comparison-of-endoscopic-versus-non-endoscopic-techniques
#18
Carmelo Luigiano, Rinaldo Pellicano, Pietro Fusaroli, Giuseppe Iabichino, Monica Arena, Andrea Lisotti, Pierluigi Consolo, Carmela Morace, Enrico Opocher, Giancarlo Caletti, Sharmila Fagoonee, Vincenzo Cennamo, Carlo Fabbri
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic necrosectomy is now becoming common worldwide as a minimally-invasive treatment alternative to surgical necrosectomy. The aims of this systematic review are to record the entire body of the literature accumulated over the past 15 years on endoscopic necrosectomy techniques and to compare the outcomes of endoscopic versus non-endoscopic techniques. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: All relevant articles were extracted up to December 2015 based on the results of searches in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar...
August 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152454/high-miscarriage-rate-in-women-submitted-to-essure-for-hydrosalpinx-before-embryo-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Marina W Barbosa, Alexandros Sotiriadis, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Velja Mijatovic, Carolina O Nastri, Wellington P Martins
OBJECTIVES: Essure has been tested as an alternative treatment for women with hydrosalpinx before embryo transfer (ET). However, the persistence of a foreign body inside the uterine cavity might have a negative impact on pregnancy outcomes. The present systematic review aimed to identify, appraise and summarize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of using Essure for women with hydrosalpinx prior to embryo transfer. METHODS: We searched for studies in PubMed, Scopus, CENTRAL, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials...
May 6, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111874/accidental-chest-penetration-of-glass-foreign-bodies-in-a-53-year-old-lady-the-challenges-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-extraction
#20
Tomohisa Shoko
INTRODUCTION: In rare cases, a foreign body may penetrate the thoracic cavity without the person's awareness. I report a case of the traumatic intrathoracic foreign body of glass implants that the patient did not have awareness about. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The 53-year-old woman was unsteady on her foot and leaned against the sliding door of the glass in a washroom. She fell unto a crashing glass panel sustained chest injury, and then she noticed bleeding from the left chest...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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