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Body cavity search

Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D'Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable improvements in oral health, dental caries continue to be a public health issue. The most frequently used, and universally accepted technique, to remove caries is through mechanical ablation of decayed tissues by means of rotating drills (diamond or tungsten carbide, or both). In the past few decades, the introduction of adhesive filling materials (resin composites) has affected cavity filling procedures by reducing its retention needs, with advantages for dental tissue conservation...
September 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
E Béquignon, N Teissier, A Gauthier, L Brugel, H De Kermadec, A Coste, V Prulière-Escabasse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine an efficient and safe primary strategy care for paediatric epistaxis. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases for studies referenced with key words 'epistaxis AND childhood'. This search yielded 32 research articles about primary care in childhood epistaxis (from 1989 to 2015). Bibliographic references found in these articles were also examined to identify pertinent literature. We compared our results to the specific management of adult epistaxis classically described in the literature...
August 19, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Luciano Barreto Silva, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos Neto, Rachel Gomes Pelozo Pacheco, Severino Alves Júnior, Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Vanda Sanderana Macedo Carneiro, Natália Costa Araújo, Marcia Maria Fonseca da Silveira, Diana Santana de Albuquerque, Marleny Elizabeth Marquez de Martinez Gerbi, Pamella Recco Álvares, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Ana Paula Veras Sobral
INTRODUCTION: For a long time researchers have tried to find out a way to grow tissues back to the human body in order to solve transplantation problems by offering the unique opportunity to have their organs back, working properly, in search of life dignity. LITERATURE REVIEW: Stem cells seem to be present in many other tissues than researchers had once thought; and in some specific sites they can be easily collected, without the need of expensive interventions...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Harpreet Kaur, Rajni Attri, Jyoti Joshi
In the present study, a new species Myxobolus dermiscalis n. sp. infecting scales of Labeo rohita, an Indian major carp from Harike Wetland in Punjab, India has been described on the basis of spore morphology and amplification of a part of 18S rDNA gene. The pseudocysts of M. dermiscalis n. sp. are milky white with irregular outline, 0.5-3.6 mm in diameter embedded within the dermal scale in the form of a cavity. The spores 5.84-7.98 × 3.98-5.98 μm in size, having two equal polar capsules 3.98-5.98 × 1...
August 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
William R Foster, Alina Bischin, Russell Dorer, David M Aboulafia
BACKGROUND: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype primarily seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals with low CD4(+) cell counts and elevated HIV viral loads. It has always been associated with human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) and in 80% of cases has also been associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Less commonly, PEL has presented in patients with advanced age and other conditions associated with an altered immunity, including malignancy, liver cirrhosis, and immunosuppressive medications...
June 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Roumina Hasan, Vidya Monappa, Sandeep Kumar, Vijay Kumar
Amongst the varied, diverse causes of intraabdominal masses in infancy and early childhood, gastric teratomas (GTs) account for a very small proportion. A worldwide literature search reveals only around one hundred cases of GT and also supports the fact that its preoperative diagnosis remains elusive. Here we report the case of a two-month-old male who presented to the pediatric surgery outpatient department of Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Karnataka, India, with progressive distension of abdomen since birth...
May 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Carmelo Luigiano, Rinaldo Pellicano, Pietro Fusaroli, Giuseppe Iabichino, Monica Arena, Andrea Lisotti, Pierluigi Consolo, Carmela Morace, Enrico Opocher, Giancarlo Caletti, Sharmila Fagoonee, Vincenzo Cennamo, Carlo Fabbri
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic necrosectomy is now becoming common worldwide as a minimally-invasive treatment alternative to surgical necrosectomy. The aims of this systematic review are to record the entire body of the literature accumulated over the past 15 years on endoscopic necrosectomy techniques and to compare the outcomes of endoscopic versus non-endoscopic techniques. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: All relevant articles were extracted up to December 2015 based on the results of searches in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar...
August 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
Marina W Barbosa, Alexandros Sotiriadis, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Velja Mijatovic, Carolina O Nastri, Wellington P Martins
OBJECTIVES: Essure has been tested as an alternative treatment for women with hydrosalpinx before embryo transfer (ET). However, the persistence of a foreign body inside the uterine cavity might have a negative impact on pregnancy outcomes. The present systematic review aimed to identify, appraise and summarize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of using Essure for women with hydrosalpinx prior to embryo transfer. METHODS: We searched for studies in PubMed, Scopus, CENTRAL, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials...
May 6, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Tomohisa Shoko
INTRODUCTION: In rare cases, a foreign body may penetrate the thoracic cavity without the person's awareness. I report a case of the traumatic intrathoracic foreign body of glass implants that the patient did not have awareness about. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The 53-year-old woman was unsteady on her foot and leaned against the sliding door of the glass in a washroom. She fell unto a crashing glass panel sustained chest injury, and then she noticed bleeding from the left chest...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
David Balayssac, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Etienne Bazin, Bertrand Le Roy, Denis Pezet, Johan Gagnière
BACKGROUND: The creation of a pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic surgery is performed by the insufflation of carbon dioxide (CO2). The insufflated CO2 is generally at room temperature (20-25 °C) and dry (0-5 % relative humidity). However, these physical characteristics could lead to alterations of the peritoneal cavity, leading to operative and postoperative complications. Warming and humidifying the insufflated gas has been proposed to reduce the iatrogenic effects of laparoscopic surgery, such as pain, hypothermia and peritoneal alterations...
March 22, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Divya Uppala, Sumit Majumdar, Kameswara Rao, Sivanagendra Reddy
Epidermoid cysts are benign malformations that can be encountered anywhere in the body and are rarely observed in the oral cavity accounting for <0.01% of all cysts of the oral cavity. They can be classified as either congenital or acquired without any clinical or histologic differences. Our literature search did not find any report of a congenital epidermoid cyst located in the soft palate associated with a complete palatal cleft in an infant. This is a case report of a 9-month-old female patient who had a cleft palate with an associated soft tissue mass at the junction of soft palate and uvula...
September 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
John Chipolombwe, Mili Estee Török, Nontombi Mbelle, Peter Nyasulu
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the optimal number of sampling sites for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization. METHODS: We performed a Medline search from January 1966 to February 2014 for articles that reported the prevalence of MRSA at different body sites. Studies were characterized by study design, country and period of the study, number of patients and/or isolates of MRSA, specimen type, sites of MRSA isolation, study population sampled, diagnostic testing method, and percentage of the MRSA isolates at each site in relation to the total number of sites...
2016: Infection and Drug Resistance
Katherine Jones, Robert D S Pitceathly, Michael R Rose, Susan McGowan, Marguerite Hill, Umesh A Badrising, Tom Hughes
BACKGROUND: Normal swallowing function is divided into oral, pharyngeal, and oesophageal phases. The anatomy and physiology of the oral cavity facilitates an oral preparatory phase of swallowing, in which food and liquid are pushed towards the pharynx by the tongue. During pharyngeal and oesophageal phases of swallowing, food and liquid are moved from the pharynx to the stomach via the oesophagus. Our understanding of swallowing function in health and disease has informed our understanding of how muscle weakness can disrupt swallowing in people with muscle disease...
February 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Maximilian Niyazi, Michael Brada, Anthony J Chalmers, Stephanie E Combs, Sara C Erridge, Alba Fiorentino, Anca L Grosu, Frank J Lagerwaard, Giuseppe Minniti, René-Olivier Mirimanoff, Umberto Ricardi, Susan C Short, Damien C Weber, Claus Belka
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Target delineation in glioblastoma (GBM) varies substantially between different institutions and several consensus statements are available. This guideline aims to develop a joint European consensus on the delineation of the clinical target volume in patients with a glioblastoma (GBM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed that evaluated adults with GBM. Both MeSH terms and text words were used and the following search strategy was applied: ("Glioblastoma/radiotherapy" [MeSH] OR "glioblastoma" OR "malignant glioma" OR high-grade glioma) AND ((delineation) OR (target volume) OR (CTV) OR (PTV) OR (margin) OR (recurrence pattern) OR (contouring) OR (organs at risk))...
January 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Tue Bjerg Bennike, Omar Barnaby, Hanno Steen, Allan Stensballe
Synovial fluid is present in all joint cavities, and protects the articular cartilage surfaces in large by lubricating the joint, thus reducing friction. Several studies have described changes in the protein composition of synovial fluid in patients with joint disease. However, the protein concentration, content, and synovial fluid volume change dramatically during active joint diseases and inflammation, and the proteome composition of healthy synovial fluid is incompletely characterized. We performed a normative proteomics analysis of porcine synovial fluid, and report data from optimizing proteomic methods to investigate the proteome of healthy porcine synovial fluid (Bennike et al...
December 2015: Data in Brief
Christos Bergeles, Andrew H Gosline, Nikolay V Vasilyev, Patrick J Codd, Pedro J Del Nido, Pierre E Dupont
Concentric tube robots are catheter-sized continuum robots that are well suited for minimally invasive surgery inside confined body cavities. These robots are constructed from sets of pre-curved superelastic tubes and are capable of assuming complex 3D curves. The family of 3D curves that the robot can assume depends on the number, curvatures, lengths and stiffnesses of the tubes in its tube set. The robot design problem involves solving for a tube set that will produce the family of curves necessary to perform a surgical procedure...
February 3, 2015: IEEE Transactions on Robotics: a Publication of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society
L Roncati, G Barbolini, T Pusiol, F Piscioli, A Maiorana
Fetoplacental hydrops is the final stage of several pathological conditions in which the placenta and umbilical cord become edematous and the fetus develops an anasarcatic state characterized by an excessive accumulation of extravascular fluids in at least two serous cavities of the body. It is a common histological finding of stillbirth, characterized by the appearance of markedly edematous villi, suggesting an increased interstitial fluid accumulation. The recent improved knowledge of lymphangiogenesis and the availability of monoclonal antibodies selectively labeling lymphatic endothelium lead to the hypothesis that villous edema is essentially a lymphedema from defective lymphatic function following inadequate villous blood circulation...
March 2015: Lymphology
Gaity Ahmad, David Gent, Daniel Henderson, Helena O'Flynn, Kevin Phillips, Andrew Watson
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy is a common procedure in many surgical specialities. Complications arising from laparoscopy are often related to initial entry into the abdomen. Life-threatening complications include injury to viscera e.g. the bowel or bladder, or to vasculature e.g. major abdominal and anterior abdominal wall vessels. Minor complications can also occur, such as postoperative wound infection, subcutaneous emphysema, and extraperitoneal insufflation. There is no clear consensus as to the optimal method of laparoscopic entry into the peritoneal cavity...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Veronica A Higgs, Elke Rudloff, Rebecca Kirby, Andrew K J Linklater
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and outcome following autologous blood transfusion (ABT) in dogs. DESIGN: Retrospective study (January 2007-July 2012). SETTING: Private veterinary referral center. ANIMALS: Twenty-five dogs that underwent ABT secondary to thoracic or abdominal hemorrhage. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The hospital transaction database was searched using the keyword "autotransfusion" from January 2007 to July 2012...
November 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Fouad Ayoub, Nicole Aoun, Hassan El Husseini, Houssam Jassar, Fida Sayah, Ziad Salameh
BACKGROUND: Forensic dentistry is one of the most reliable methods used in human identification when other technique as fingerprint, DNA, visual identification cannot be used. Genetic disorders have several manifestations that can target the intra-oral cavity, the cranio-facial area or any location in the human body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of the scientific database (Medline and Science Direct) for the years 1990 to 2014 was carried out to find out all the available papers that indicate oral, cranio-facial signs, genetic and human identification...
May 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
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