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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036628/social-marketing-targeting-indigenous-peoples-a-systematic-review
#1
Krzysztof Kubacki, Natalia Szablewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036335/period-effects-in-the-risk-of-subsequent-labour-market-marginalisation-in-young-suicide-attempters
#2
T Niederkrotenthaler, M Helgesson, S Rahman, M Wang, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
Background: Suicide attempt in young age is associated with subsequent labour market marginalisation, but little is known about how marginalisation is affected by changes in suicide attempt rates and social insurance legislation and by age differences. Methods: Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of > 2.4 million Swedish residents per birth cohort, aged 19-40 years in 1999; 2004 and 2009, respectively, and followed up for 4 years. Suicide attempters treated in inpatient care in the three years preceding study entry (n > 7000 per cohort) were compared with the general population of the same age without attempt (1987 to end of follow-up)...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033460/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21-st-century
#3
Anne Case, Angus Deaton
We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school degree or less. The decline in mortality from heart disease has slowed and, most recently, stopped, and this combined with the three other causes is responsible for the increase in all-cause mortality...
2017: Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028563/exploring-the-relationship-between-online-buyers-and-sellers-of-image-and-performance-enhancing-drugs-ipeds-quality-issues-trust-and-self-regulation
#4
Katinka van de Ven, Rosa Koenraadt
BACKGROUND: Online drug markets are expanding the boundaries of drug supply including the sale and purchase of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs). However, the role of the internet in IPED markets, and in particular the ways in which these substances are supplied via the surface web, has rarely been considered. This article examines the online IPED market in order to inform drug policy and to provide a nuanced understanding of retailers involved, particularly exploring the relationship between buyers and sellers...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028231/policy-politics-and-public-health
#5
Scott L Greer, Marleen Bekker, Evelyne de Leeuw, Matthias Wismar, Jan-Kees Helderman, Sofia Ribeiro, David Stuckler
If public health is the field that diagnoses and strives to cure social ills, then understanding political causes and cures for health problems should be an intrinsic part of the field. In this article, we argue that there is no support for the simple and common, implicit model of politics in which scientific evidence plus political will produces healthy policies. Efforts to improve the translation of evidence into policy such as knowledge transfer work only under certain circumstances. These circumstances are frequently political, and to be understood through systematic inquiry into basic features of the political economy such as institutions, partisanship and the organization of labour markets...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027079/guinea-fowl-numidia-meleagris-production-by-small-holder-farmers-in-zimbabwe
#6
Preston Zvakare, Prisca H Mugabe, Tonderai Mutibvu
Guinea fowls are a source of high-value meat and eggs, and the birds are more disease resistant than other types of birds. A survey was conducted in ward 23, Chipinge district, Zimbabwe, to characterise guinea fowl management practices and to identify constraints and potential opportunities for increased guinea fowl productivity. Purposive sampling was used to select 84 out of possible 252 guinea fowl owners. Data were collected by direct observation on guinea fowl varieties, feeding strategies and housing facilities...
October 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025844/investigating-canadian-parents-hpv-vaccine-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-a-study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-national-online-survey
#7
Gilla K Shapiro, Samara Perez, Anila Naz, Ovidiu Tatar, Juliet R Guichon, Rhonda Amsel, Gregory D Zimet, Zeev Rosberger
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, can cause anogenital warts and a number of cancers. To prevent morbidity and mortality, three vaccines have been licensed and are recommended by Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunisation (for girls since 2007 and boys since 2012). Nevertheless, HPV vaccine coverage in Canada remains suboptimal in many regions. This study will be the first to concurrently examine the correlates of HPV vaccine decision-making in parents of school-aged girls and boys and evaluate changes in parental knowledge, attitudes and behaviours over time...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025355/a-content-analysis-of-testosterone-websites-sex-muscle-and-male-age-related-thematic-differences
#8
Nicholas Ivanov, Jimmy Vuong, Peter B Gray
Male testosterone supplementation is a large and growing industry. How is testosterone marketed to male consumers online? The present exploratory study entailed a content coding analysis of the home pages of 49 websites focused on testosterone supplementation for men in the United States. Four hypotheses concerning anticipated age-related differences in content coding were also tested: more frequent longevity content toward older men, and more frequent social dominance/physical formidability, muscle, and sex content toward younger men...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023231/marketing-strategies-to-encourage-rural-residents-of-high-obesity-counties-to-buy-fruits-and-vegetables-in-grocery-stores
#9
Emily Liu, Tammy Stephenson, Jessica Houlihan, Alison Gustafson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity rates in Appalachia are among the highest in the United States, and knowledge of upstream approaches to decrease prevalence among this vulnerable population is limited. The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between healthy, diet-based, social marketing interventions in grocery stores and frequency of fruit and vegetable intake. METHODS: A social marketing campaign was conducted among 17 grocery stores (N = 240 participant surveys) over 4 months in 5 rural Kentucky counties...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022516/folk-economic-beliefs-an-evolutionary-cognitive-model
#10
Pascal Boyer, Michael Bang Petersen
The domain of "folk-economics" consists in explicit beliefs about the economy held by laypeople, untrained in economics, about such topics as e.g., the causes of the wealth of nations, the benefits or drawbacks of markets and international trade, the effects of regulation, the origins of inequality, the connection between work and wages, the economic consequences of immigration, or the possible causes of unemployment. These beliefs are crucial in forming people's political beliefs, and in shaping their reception of different policies...
October 12, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016720/predicting-regulatory-compliance-in-beer-advertising-on-facebook
#11
Jonathan K Noel, Thomas F Babor
Aims: The prevalence of alcohol advertising has been growing on social media platforms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate alcohol advertising on Facebook for regulatory compliance and thematic content. Methods: A total of 50 Budweiser and Bud Light ads posted on Facebook within 1 month of the 2015 NFL Super Bowl were evaluated for compliance with a self-regulated alcohol advertising code and for thematic content. An exploratory sensitivity/specificity analysis was conducted to determine if thematic content could predict code violations...
August 30, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016637/social-networks-market-transactions-and-reputation-as-a-central-resource-the-mercado-del-mar-a-fish-market-in-central-mexico
#12
Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez, Juan M Hernández
Fish consumption in Mexico is considered low (around 12 kg per person per year) and non-homogeneously distributed across the country. One of the reasons for this situation is the scarcity of wholesale selling sites. In this context, the Mercado del Mar (MM), located in Guadalajara city, Jalisco, is the second biggest wholesale fish market in Mexico, with a distribution of about 500 tons per day and a variety of about 350 different species of fish. In this paper, we argue that MM has accumulated social capital, which is formed from two main resources: buyer and seller relationships, and reputation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989325/contrast-between-spain-and-the-netherlands-in-the-hidden-obstacles-to-re-entry-into-the-labour-market-due-to-a-criminal-record
#13
Elina Kurtovic, Marti Rovira
This article aims at analysing the differences between European countries in the obstacles ex-offenders face due to having a criminal record. First, a comparative analytical framework is introduced that takes into account all the different elements that can lead to exclusion from the labour market by the dissemination of criminal record information. This model brings together social norms (macro level), social actors (meso level) and individual choices (micro level) in the same framework. Secondly, this model is used to compare the different impact of having a criminal record in Spain and the Netherlands...
September 2017: Eur J Criminol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988700/differences-in-adverse-event-reporting-rates-of-therapeutic-failure-between-two-once-daily-extended-release-methylphenidate-medications-in-canada-analysis-of-spontaneous-adverse-event-reporting-databases
#14
Laura Park-Wyllie, Judy van Stralen, Genaro Castillon, Stephen E Sherman, Doron Almagor
PURPOSE: Our study evaluated adverse events of therapeutic failure (and specifically reduced duration of action) with the use of a branded product, Osmotic Release Oral System (OROS) methylphenidate, which is approved for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and a generic product (methylphenidate, methylphenidate ER-C), which was approved for marketing in Canada based on bioequivalence to OROS methylphenidate. This study was initiated following reports that some US-marketed generic methylphenidate ER products had substantially higher reporting rates of therapeutic failure than did the referenced brands...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983434/why-sleep-matters-the-economic-costs-of-insufficient-sleep-a-cross-country-comparative-analysis
#15
Marco Hafner, Martin Stepanek, Jirka Taylor, Wendy M Troxel, Christian van Stolk
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has declared insufficient sleep a "public health problem." Indeed, according to a recent CDC study, more than a third of American adults are not getting enough sleep on a regular basis. However, insufficient sleep is not exclusively a US problem, and equally concerns other industrialised countries such as the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, or Canada. According to some evidence, the proportion of people sleeping less than the recommended hours of sleep is rising and associated with lifestyle factors related to a modern 24/7 society, such as psychosocial stress, alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of physical activity and excessive electronic media use, among others...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980035/-student-program-congress-grants-and-their-potential-influence-on-surgical-career-selection
#16
J Jähne, A Mittelstädt, K Götzky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Due to a decreased interest in surgical training the German Society of Surgery (GSS) has provided a specially sponsored student program at its annual clinical congress for many years in order to increase the number of applicants for a career in surgery. It remains unclear if this goal is reached because an evaluation has not yet been performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At the clinical congress in 2014, 200 medical students participated in a special student program with the aid of a congress grant totaling 100,000 €...
October 4, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977402/-simply-to-be-let-in-opening-the-doors-to-lower-income-older-adults-and-their-companion-animals
#17
A M Toohey, T M Krahn
Inspired by poet J.L. Borges's intimations on acceptance, this commentary highlights the eviction of an older woman and her kitten from an affordable independent living facility as representing exclusionary practices and policies that compromise the ability for some lower-income older adults to age-in-place. Even as efforts to promote aging-in-place have prioritized housing as a key need, and public health evidence suggests benefits from animal companionship later in life, there is a shortage of social and other types of affordable housing in Canada and elsewhere that allows older adult tenants to reside independently with companion animals...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977124/health-policies-in-brazil-in-times-of-contradiction-paths-and-pitfalls-in-the-construction-of-a-universal-system
#18
Cristiani Vieira Machado, Luciana Dias de Lima, Tatiana Wargas de Faria Baptista
This article analyzes the trajectory of national health policy in Brazil from 1990 to 2016 and explores the policy's contradictions and conditioning factors during the same period. Continuities and changes were seen in the policy's context, process, and content in five distinct moments. The analysis of the policy's conditioning factors showed that the Constitutional framework, institutional arrangements, and action by health sector stakeholders were central to the expansion of public programs and services, providing the material foundations and expanding the basis of support for the Brazilian Unified National Health System at the health sector level...
October 2, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977089/pregnancy-recurrence-in-adolescents-in-southern-brazil
#19
Mariza Zanchi, Raúl Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Marilyn Rita da Silva, Sheylla Gorges de Almeida, Lisiane Ortiz Teixeira, Carla Vitola Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pregnancy recurrence among adolescents and young people in a city located in the extreme south of Brazil and to identify associated factors. METHOD: One hundred and twelve (112) women participated, having delivered their children in 2010, while adolescents. The sample was stratified in two stages, being the first a census of the whole population of the city and the second a convenience sample. For statistical analysis, Pearson Chi-square test was used, with a significance level of 5%...
July 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973286/mental-health-message-appeals-and-audience-engagement-evidence-from-australia
#20
Jo En Yap, Nives Zubcevic-Basic, Lester W Johnson, Michaela A Lodewyckx
Social media platforms are increasingly used to disseminate social marketing messages about mental health and wellbeing. This study presents a range of message appeals used in social media enabled mental health promotion and stigma reduction messages. Furthermore, it examines the relationship between the type of message appeals and audience engagement. A content analysis of 65 organisation-generated YouTube videos about depression and anxiety and stigma reduction was conducted. The most utilised message appeal was Sorrow, followed by Affiliation, Ease/Convenience, Hope, Humour, Guilt/Shame, Heroic/Successful, and Fear...
September 7, 2017: Health Promotion International
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