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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457232/tackling-obesity-and-disease-the-culprit-is-sugar-the-response-is-legal-regulation
#1
Lawrence O Gostin
It is staggering to observe the new normal in America: 37.9 percent of adults are obese, and 70.7 percent are either obese or overweight. One out of every five minors is obese. The real tragedy, of course, is the disability, suffering, and early death that devastates families and communities. But all of society pays, with the annual medical cost estimated at $147 billion. The causal pathways are complex, but if we drill down, sugar is a deeply consequential pathway to obesity, and the single greatest dietary source is sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452589/does-additional-support-provided-through-e-mail-or-sms-in-a-web-based-social-marketing-program-improve-children-s-food-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Natalie Rangelov, Sara Della Bella, Pedro Marques-Vidal, L Suzanne Suggs
BACKGROUND: The FAN Social Marketing program was developed to improve dietary and physical activity habits of families with children in Ticino, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to examine if the effects of the program on children's food intake differed by intervention group. METHODS: Effects of the FAN program were tested through a Randomized Controlled Trial. The program lasted 8 weeks, during which participants received tailored communication about nutrition and physical activity...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452560/health-care-efficiencies-consolidation-and-alternative-models-vs-health-care-and-antitrust-regulation-irreconcilable-differences
#3
Michael W King
Despite the U.S. substantially outspending peer high income nations with almost 18% of GDP dedicated to health care, on any number of statistical measurements from life expectancy to birth rates to chronic disease, 1 the U.S. achieves inferior health outcomes. In short, Americans receive a very disappointing return on investment on their health care dollars, causing economic and social strain. 2 Accordingly, the debates rage on: what is the top driver of health care spending? Among the culprits: poor communication and coordination among disparate providers, paperwork required by payors and regulations, well-intentioned physicians overprescribing treatments, drugs and devices, outright fraud and abuse, and medical malpractice litigation...
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446537/replacing-the-canadianization-generation-an-examination-of-faculty-composition-from-1977-through-2017
#4
François Lachapelle, Patrick John Burnett
Amid growing numbers of doctoral graduates entering an increasingly competitive global academic job market, concerns about equity in the hiring process and the value of the Canadian Ph.D. are mounting. Grounded within the historical context of the Canadianization Movement, we examine the doctoral credentials of 4,934 U15 social science faculty between 1977 and 2017 to understand the ebb and flow of incoming and outgoing faculty across the country's academic field. Our trend analyses reveal an overall increase in the proportion of Canadian-trained faculty hires with the noted exceptions of Canada's top three universities who display a strong presence of high-status American-trained faculty throughout...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444293/the-som-la-pera-intervention-sustainability-capacity-evaluation-of-a-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-encourage-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents
#5
Elisabet Llauradó, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lucia Tarro, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Francesc Puiggròs, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner, Lluis Arola, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Sustainability capacity, always considered a challenge, is the ability to maintain effective long-term intervention in a community. The aim of the study was to improve the sustainability capacity of effective "Som la Pera," a school-based, peer-led, social-marketing intervention that encourages healthy diet and physical activity, in low socioeconomic adolescents from Spain. The sustainability capacity was analyzed by a "programme sustainability assessment tool (PSAT)" comprising eight domains: political support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, programme evaluation, programme adaptation, communications, and strategic planning...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444140/getting-to-fp2020-harnessing-the-private-sector-to-increase-modern-contraceptive-access-and-choice-in-ethiopia-nigeria-and-drc
#6
Christina Riley, Danielle Garfinkel, Katherine Thanel, Keith Esch, Endale Workalemahu, Jennifer Anyanti, Godéfroid Mpanya, Arsène Binanga, Jen Pope, Kim Longfield, Jane Bertrand, Bryan Shaw
BACKGROUND: An estimated 214 million women have unmet need for family planning in developing regions. Improved utilization of the private sector is key to achieving universal access to a range of safe and effective modern contraceptive methods stipulated by FP2020 and SDG commitments. Until now, a lack of market data has limited understanding of the private sector's role in increasing contraceptive coverage and choice. METHODS: In 2015, the FPwatch Project conducted representative outlet surveys in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and DRC using a full census approach in selected administrative areas...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441329/social-marketing-for-a-farmer-s-market-in-an-underserved-community-a-needs-assessment
#7
Meg Skizim, Melinda Sothern, Ondrej Blaha, Tung Sung Tseng, Lauren Griffiths, Jonathan Joseph, Henry Nuss
The aim of the present paper is to assess local residents' awareness of utilizing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to purchase fresh produce at local farmers' markets, and to determine internet use and media preferences of study participants prior to implementation of a social marketing campaign. A needs assessment was conducted to collect baseline data in an underserved neighbourhood in New Orleans (La, USA). The study was carried out August 2014-May 2015. The assessment revealed that 73% of the respondents were unaware that the SNAP benefits could be used to purchase food in farmers' markets; 63% of low-income participants never attended a farmers' market compared to 27% of mid/high-income...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440922/is-the-light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-nigh-a-review-of-adpkd-focusing-on-the-burden-of-disease-and-tolvaptan-as-a-new-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Rashid A Barnawi, Rahaf Z Attar, Sultan S Alfaer, Osama Y Safdar
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) causes pathological cystic changes to the kidney and is characterized by numerous renal and systemic manifestations. ADPKD is the fourth most common renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy. In this report, we present a detailed review of ADPKD, with a particular focus on its major economic, psychological, and social burden in affected patients. Treatment of this disease has been based on prophylactic and supportive measures. However, in recent years, new drugs have emerged as promising agents that may retard the progression of ADPKD, such as tolvaptan...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436898/attitudes-toward-tobacco-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisement-themes-among-adolescent-boys
#9
Katherine L Friedman, Megan E Roberts, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Katherine A Yates, Electra D Paskett, Micah L Berman, Michael D Slater, Bo Lu, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined what adolescents find appealing in tobacco and alcohol advertisements and how different themes in advertisements are used to manipulate consumer behaviors. Yet, we know little about the relationship between the themes portrayed in advertisements and youth attitudes towards those themes. OBJECTIVES: This study compared attitudes towards advertisements for different consumer products in a sample of urban and rural adolescent boys in order to examine how key marketing themes impact adolescent attitudes towards those advertisements...
February 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435822/do-simulated-gambling-activities-predict-gambling-with-real-money-during-adolescence-empirical-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Tobias Hayer, Jens Kalke, Gerhard Meyer, Tim Brosowski
As technology has developed, the international gambling market has changed markedly in recent years. The supply of internet-based gambling opportunities has become ever more significant. At the same time, the introduction of new gambling opportunities always brings a demand for evidence-based scientific evaluation, with regard to the associated risks of addiction. Simulated internet gambling, which is the focus of this study, represents a relatively new product group located at the interface between gambling and computer gaming...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432612/loss-of-job-related-right-to-healthcare-is-associated-with-reduced-quality-and-clinical-outcomes-of-diabetic-patients-in-mexico
#11
Svetlana V Doubova, Víctor Hugo Borja-Aburto, Germán Guerra-Y-Guerra, V Nelly Salgado-de-Snyder, Miguel Ángel González-Block
Objectives: The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) provides a package of health, economic and social benefits to workers employed in private firms within the formal labour market and to their economic dependants. Affiliates have a right to these benefits only while they remain contracted, thus posing a risk for the continuity of healthcare. This study evaluates the association between the time (in days) without the right to healthcare due to job loss in the formal labour market and the quality of healthcare and clinical outcomes among IMSS affiliates with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
February 8, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423276/finding-and-engaging-patients-and-the-public-to-work-collaboratively-on-an-acute-infection-microbiology-research-public-panel
#12
Sally Grier, David Evans, Andy Gibson, Teh Li Chin, Margaret Stoddart, Michele Kok, Richard Campbell, Val Kenny, Alasdair MacGowan
Plain English summary: In 2015 a microbiology team in Bristol joined a European research project that aims to develop new antibiotics to fight drug resistant infections. The microbiology team were convinced of the benefits of patient and public involvement, but had found it difficult to find former patients to work with on earlier microbiology research. This paper describes how the team overcame this challenge to successfully recruit a PPI panel to develop PPI within the European project...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414483/police-crackdowns-structural-violence-and-impact-on-the-well-being-of-street-cannabis-users-in-a-nigerian-city
#13
Ediomo-Ubong Nelson
BACKGROUND: There is abundant literature on the impact of law enforcement on cannabis markets, but scant literature on the effects of law enforcement on cannabis users. This study undertook a qualitative exploration of police crackdowns as a form of structural violence and examined their impact on the well-being of street cannabis users in a Nigerian city. METHODS: The study was qualitative and descriptive. It was carried out in Uyo, southern Nigeria. Ninety-seven (97) frequent cannabis users (78 males and 19 females) took part...
January 29, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412327/-social-healthcare-organizations-a-phenomenological-expression-of-healthcare-privatization-in-brazil
#14
Heloisa Maria Mendonça de Morais, Maria do Socorro Veloso de Albuquerque, Raquel Santos de Oliveira, Ana Karina Interaminense Cazuzu, Nadine Anita Fonseca da Silva
The study analyzed the expansion of Social Healthcare Organizations (OSS in Portuguese) in Brazil from 2009 to 2014. The ten largest OSS were measured according to their budget funding and their qualifications as non-profit organizations were explored, considering evidence of their expansion and consolidation in the management and provision of health services via strategies proper to for-profit private enterprises. The study is descriptive and exploratory and was based on public-domain documents. In their relations with government, the OSS have benefited from legal loopholes and incentives and have expanded accordingly...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412319/a-socio-historical-approach-to-policy-analysis-the-case-of-the-brazilian-workers-food-policy
#15
Jamacy Costa-Souza, Ligia Maria Vieira-da-Silva, Patrice Pinell
Policy analyses based on traditional or structuralist definitions of the state are important, but they have some limitations for explaining processes related to policymaking, implementation, and results. Bourdieusian sociology links the analysis to objective and subjective dimensions of social practices and can help elucidate these phenomena. This article provides such empirical evidence by analyzing the social genesis of a Brazilian policy that currently serves 18 million workers and was established by the state in 1976 through the Fiscal Incentives Program for Workers' Nutrition (PIFAT/PAT)...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407686/predictive-validity-of-the-tobacco-marketing-receptivity-index-among-non-smoking-youth
#16
Sandra Braun, Erika Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Raúl Mejía, Inti Barrientos, James D Sargent, James F Thrasher
INTRODUCTION: In a previous cross-sectional study of early adolescents, we developed a marketing receptivity index (MRI) that integrates point-of-sale (PoS) marketing exposures, brand recall, and ownership of branded merchandise. The MRI had independent, positive associations with smoking susceptibility among never smokers and with current smoking behavior. The current longitudinal study assessed the MRI's predictive validity among adolescents who have never smoked cigarettes METHODS: Data come from a longitudinal, school-based survey of 33 secondary schools in Argentina...
February 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405857/peer-social-media-and-alcohol-marketing-influences-on-college-student-drinking
#17
Angela A Roberson, Cliff McKinney, Courtney Walker, Ashley Coleman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how alcohol marketing and peers may promote college students' alcohol use through social media. PARTICIPANTS: College students (N = 682) aged 18-22 years from a large Southern university completed paper surveys in April 2014. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to investigate relationships among variables as well as moderation by gender and race. RESULTS: Drinking behavior was directly related to perceived norms and attitudes toward alcohol that develop, in part, from direct and indirect interactions with their online and offline peers, as well as engagement with alcohol-related content on social media...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401027/integrating-social-needs-into-health-care-a-twenty-year-case-study-of-adaptation-and-diffusion
#18
Rebecca D Onie, Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, Thomas H Lee, James S Marks, Rocco J Perla
The US health care system has recently begun to account for patients' unmet social needs in care delivery and payment reform. This article presents a twenty-year qualitative case study of five stages of diffusion-testing and learning, standardization, replication, shifting from doing to enabling, and catalyzing broad adoption-of a practical approach for integrating social needs into clinical care. This case study of Health Leads and its funders confirms the importance of focusing on a clear aim, investing in model testing and standardization to enable subsequent responsiveness to the market, and the willingness of innovators and their investors to cede control of a model to allow local adaption and accelerate broad adoption...
February 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384101/-evolution-determinants-and-regulation-of-drug-expenditures-in-france
#19
Catherine Le Galès
According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), drug expenditures account for about 20 % of all health expenditures in high-income countries. The increase of these drug expenditures which has been observed in all these countries over a long period is due to the combination of aging populations, changes in medical practices and the dynamics of the pharmaceutical market, in particular the hospital market. France is no exception. Its consumption of drugs (which accounted for 17...
January 2018: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383812/socioeconomic-disparities-in-clinical-trials-on-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
Marco Canevelli, Giuseppe Bruno, Carlo Vico, Valerio Zaccaria, Eleonora Lacorte, Ivo Iavicoli, Nicola Vanacore, Matteo Cesari
BACKGROUND: There is now a wide consensus at recognizing social and economic circumstances as main determinants of the individual's health status. Nevertheless, characteristics relating to socioeconomic status (SES) are poorly described in research reports. The aim of the present review was to verify if the SES of participants is adequately reported in interventional studies targeting Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to explore the impact of SES proxy measures on the efficacy of the considered medications...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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