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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040618/securing-systems-leadership-by-local-government-through-health-and-wellbeing-strategies
#1
Alyson M Learmonth, Emily J Henderson, David J Hunter
Background: The aim of this study was to strengthen Health and Wellbeing Strategies (HWSs) by identifying potential areas for system leadership across local authorities in relation to specific aspects of health/illness, wider determinants of health and transformational change management. Method: The work involved a document analysis of strengths of the first 12 HWSs produced in the North East of England applying principles of appreciative inquiry (AI), followed by a knowledge-to-action group approach with stakeholders...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040353/sociodemographic-differences-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-pooled-analysis-of-four-cohort-studies
#2
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
Aims: We examined differences in sickness absence in relation to at-risk drinking and abstinence, taking into account potential changes in consumption. Methods: We used individual-participant data (n = 46,514) from four prospective cohort studies from Finland, France and the UK. Participants responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time points 4-6 years apart, and were linked to records of sickness absence for an ~6-year follow-up after the latter survey. Abstainers were those reporting no alcohol use in either survey...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#3
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
October 16, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035175/lifestyle-medicine-a-brief-review-of-its-dramatic-impact-on-health-and-survival
#4
Balazs I Bodai, Therese E Nakata, William T Wong, Dawn R Clark, Steven Lawenda, Christine Tsou, Raymond Liu, Linda Shiue, Neil Cooper, Michael Rehbein, Benjamin P Ha, Anne Mckeirnan, Rajiv Misquitta, Pankaj Vij, Andrew Klonecke, Carmelo S Mejia, Emil Dionysian, Sean Hashmi, Michael Greger, Scott Stoll, Thomas M Campbell
By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiologic, ecologic, and interventional studies have repeatedly indicated that most chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are the result of lifestyles fueled by poor nutrition and physical inactivity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#5
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034224/trends-in-motor-performance-of-first-graders-a-comparison-of-cohorts-from-2006-to-2015
#6
Sarah Spengler, Matthias Rabel, Arvid Marius Kuritz, Filip Mess
BACKGROUND: Motor performance is an important factor for health. Already in childhood, motor performance is associated with, e.g., obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. It is widely believed that the motor performance of children has declined over recent years. However, this belief is lacking clear evidence. The objective of this study was to examine trends in motor performance of first grade students during a period of 10 years (2006-2015). We examined trends in (a) aerobic fitness, (b) strength, (c) speed, and (d) balance for boys and girls separately and considered body mass index (BMI) as a potential confounder...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032856/sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-adiposity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-in-cardia
#7
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Mercedes R Carnethon, Tiffany Gary-Webb, John M Jakicic, Jamal S Rana, Jared P Reis, Juned Siddique, Barbara Sternfeld, Cora E Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Higher sedentary time (ST) and lower moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) have each been associated with greater adiposity, but most studies are cross-sectional and measure ST and MVPA by self-report. This study evaluated associations between objective ST and MVPA with current and 5-year changes in BMI and waist circumference. METHODS: The Coronary Artery and Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study recruited black or white young adults from four U...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031890/changing-perspectives-in-atopic-dermatitis
#8
REVIEW
E Serra-Baldrich, J O de Frutos, I Jáuregui, J C Armario-Hita, J F Silvestre, L Herraez, A Martín-Santiago, A Valero, J Sastre
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifaceted disease that involves a complex interplay between the skin and the immune system. The course of the disease depends strongly on the genetic background of the patient and on yet poorly-defined environmental factors. Changes in lifestyle could be behind the dramatic rise in the prevalence of AD across continents; including hygienic conditions, food, social habits, skin microbiome or exposure to a number of allergens. Although AD typically develops in childhood and disappears after a few years, in a relatively large number of patients it continues into adulthood...
October 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031335/can-we-increase-our-health-span
#9
REVIEW
Carlos E Rivera-Tavarez
The deterioration of physical and mental capabilities is inevitable with aging. Some hereditary factors cannot be changed, but other external factors can be manipulated to provide our body with better weapons to improve quality of life as we age. Different cellular pathways leading to cell deterioration and aging usually act through excessive oxidative damage and chronic inflammation. Suppression of inflammation is the most important driver of successful longevity and increases in importance with advancing age...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031334/alternative-treatment-modalities-and-its-effect-in-older-populations
#10
REVIEW
Carlos E Rivera-Tavarez
Aging is an inevitable multifactorial process. Advances in health care and technology have led to an increase on expected life span that can reach an average of 90 years in the next few decades. Lifestyle changes that include activity, nutrition, stress management, and alternatives low-impact exercises like yoga and tai chi can help us modify some of these age-related changes and lead to an increase in the health span and quality of life of the older adults.
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030371/patient-and-spousal-health-and-outcomes-in-heart-failure
#11
Shannon M Dunlay, Véronique L Roger, Susan A Weston, Lauren R Bangerter, Jill M Killian, Joan M Griffin
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of heart failure (HF) often requires a comprehensive lifestyle change to maintain disease stability. When patients with HF are married, the spouse frequently assumes the caregiving role. Our objectives were to describe the health of spouses of married patients with HF, and examine whether the health of a spouse impacts patient outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 905 patients that were married at the time of incident HF diagnosis in Olmsted County, MN, from 2000 to 2012...
October 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029469/genetic-and-environmental-factors-and-serum-hormones-and-risk-of-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-japanese-women
#12
Jiazhi Guo, Aiko Sueta, Koshi Nakamura, Nobuyasu Yoshimoto, Motoi Baba, Naoko Ishida, Kanako Hagio, Tatsuya Toyama, Hirotaka Iwase, Akiko Tamakoshi, Hiroko Yamashita
Breast cancer incidence in Japanese women has more than tripled over the past two decades. We have previously shown that this marked increase is mostly due to an increase in the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative subtype. We conducted a case-control study; ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients who were diagnosed since 2011 and women without disease were recruited. Environmental factors, serum levels of testosterone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and common genetic variants reported as predictors of ER-positive breast cancer or found in Asian women were evaluated between patients and controls in pre- and postmenopausal women...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027006/comparative-outcomes-of-combined-corticosteroid-with-low-volume-compared-to-high-volume-of-local-anesthetic-in-subacromial-injection-for-impingement-syndrome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#13
Sermsak Sumanont, Manusak Boonard, Ekachot Peradhammanon, Alisara Arirachakaran, Pattanapong Suwankomonkul, Worawit Oungbumrungpan, Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is one of the most frequent pathologies of the shoulder, which may cause serious restriction of daily activities and lifestyle changes. Corticosteroid injection (CI) into the subacromial space is a palliative treatment option. Currently, there have been no studies that compare between the different volumes of CI injection. We have conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to answer our specific study questions: Are high volume (< 5 ml) better than low volume (≥ 5 ml) of CI injection with respect to pain reduction? This systematic review was conducted according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026833/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults-in-china
#14
REVIEW
Jian Yong, Dong Lin, Xue-Rui Tan
Over the past two decades, the percentage of Chinese who is 60 years or older has increased from 5.2% in 1995 to 10.5% in 2015. Approximately 16% of the population in China was 60 years old and above in 2015. Since 1990, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of death in China. Cardiovascular medications of older adults are usually more complicated than younger age groups due to polypharmacy, the presence of comorbidities and more susceptible to treatment-related adverse outcomes. Therefore, effective primary prevention of CVD for older adults is important in sustaining the health of older adults and reducing the burden of the healthcare system...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026701/how-much-do-italian-patients-in-supportive-periodontal-therapy-know-about-the-role-of-smoking-in-oral-health-and-what-is-their-lifestyle
#15
Roberto Pippi, Maria Vita, Roberto Alvaro, Carlo Di Paolo
OBJECTIVE: The level of awareness of patients receiving supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) concerning the role of smoking as a risk factor for oral health was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 158 patients previously treated for periodontitis in four periodontally oriented private dental offices in Rome. The generalized linear model was used to test the simultaneous effect of questions posed to all patients. Fisher's exact test was used to verify significant associations among qualitative variables...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026591/irritable-bowel-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-a-simplified-algorithm-for-clinical-practice
#16
REVIEW
Paul Moayyedi, Fermín Mearin, Fernando Azpiroz, Viola Andresen, Giovanni Barbara, Maura Corsetti, Anton Emmanuel, A Pali S Hungin, Peter Layer, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Peter Whorwell, Frank Zerbib, Jan Tack
BACKGROUND: Effective management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common functional gastrointestinal disorder, can be challenging for physicians because of the lack of simple diagnostic tests and the wide variety of treatment approaches available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to outline a simple algorithm for day-to-day clinical practice to help physicians navigate key stages to reaching a positive IBS diagnosis and guidance on how to prioritise the use of specific management strategies...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#17
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026494/correction-the-effect-of-lifestyle-changes-on-blood-pressure-control-among-hypertensive-patients
#18
Myung Hwa Yang, Seo Young Kang, Jung Ah Lee, Young Sik Kim, Eun Ju Sung, Ka-Young Lee, Jun-Su Kim, Han Jin Oh, Hee Chul Kang, Sang Yeoup Lee
[This corrects the article on p. 173 in vol. 38, PMID: 28775806.].
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#19
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025482/tb-and-hiv-stigma-compounded-by-threatened-masculinity-implications-for-tb-health-care-seeking-in-malawi
#20
J Chikovore, G Hart, M Kumwenda, G Chipungu, N Desmond, E L Corbett
SETTING: Urban Blantyre, Malawi. OBJECTIVE: To understand why men with tuberculosis (TB) in the community remain undiagnosed. DESIGN: A multi-method qualitative study applying a modified grounded theory approach. Data were gathered from March 2011 to March 2012 from 134 men and women taking part in 1) focus group discussions with community members (n = 6) and health care workers (n = 2), and 2) in-depth interviews with TB patients (n = 20, females n = 14) and chronic coughers (n = 20, women n = 8)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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