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Tendon manual treatment

T S Park, Caleb Edwards, Jenny L Liu, Deanna M Walter, Matthew B Dobbs
 Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) has been used to treat children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) for over three decades. However, little is known about the outcomes of childhood SDR in adults.  Objectives: 1) To study the effects of childhood SDR on the quality of life and ambulatory function in adult life. 2) To determine late side effects of SDR in adults.   Methods: Adults (> 17.9 years) who underwent SDR in childhood (2 - 17.9 years) between 1987 and 2013 were surveyed in 2015. Patients completed a survey, including questions on demographic information, quality of life, health, surgical outcomes, motor function, manual ability, pain, braces/orthotics, post-SDR treatment, living situation, education level, work status, and side effects of SDR...
March 5, 2017: Curēus
Shane McClinton, Lace Luedke, Derek Clewley
Midsubstance Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common lower leg conditions. Most patients can recover with nonsurgical treatment that focuses on tendon loading exercises and, when necessary, symptom modulating treatments such as topical, oral, or injected medication, ice, shoe inserts, manual therapy, stretching, taping, or low-level laser. If unresponsive to initial management, a small percentage of patients may consider shockwave or sclerosing treatment and possibly surgery.
April 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Susanne Pauline Roth, Sina Marie Glauche, Amelie Plenge, Ina Erbe, Sandra Heller, Janina Burk
BACKGROUND: Decellularization of tendon tissue plays a pivotal role in current tissue engineering approaches for in vitro research as well as for translation of graft-based tendon restoration into clinics. Automation of essential decellularization steps like freeze-thawing is crucial for the development of more standardized decellularization protocols and commercial graft production under good manufacturing practice (GMP) conditions in the future. METHODS: In this study, a liquid nitrogen-based controlled rate freezer was utilized for automation of repeated freeze-thawing for decellularization of equine superficial digital flexor tendons...
February 14, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
Paul M Loschak, Laura J Brattain, Robert D Howe
A system for automatically pointing ultrasound (US) imaging catheters will enable clinicians to monitor anatomical structures and track instruments during interventional procedures. Off-the-shelf US catheters provide high quality US images from within the patient. While this method of imaging has been proven to be effective for guiding many interventional treatments, significant training is required to overcome the difficulty in manually steering the imager to point at desired structures. Our system uses closed-form four degree of freedom (DOF) kinematic solutions to automatically position the US catheter and point the imager...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Robotics: a Publication of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society
J Mouton, H Houdre, R Beccari, N Tarissi, M Autran, I Auquit-Auckbur
BACKGROUND: The SHAM Insurance Company in Lyon, France, estimated that inadequate hand wound exploration in the emergency room (ER) accounted for 10% of all ER-related personal injury claims in 2013. The objective of this study was to conduct a critical analysis of 80 claims that were related to hand wound management in the ER and led to compensation by SHAM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty claims filed between 2007 and 2010 were anonymised then included into the study...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Hesham Saleh, Stephen Yu, Jonathan Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf
AIM: To review and report functional outcomes, complications, and survivorship associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of post-traumatic arthritis (PTA). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS in December 2015 for English-language clinical research studies, both prospective and retrospective, examining the use of TKA for the treatment of PTA. All relevant articles were accessed in full...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Renée Keijsers, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Koen L M Koenraadt, Ronald L A W Bleys, C Niek van Dijk, Denise Eygendaal
PURPOSE: Different injection therapies are used in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (LE). Usually, the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) tendon is affected. Therefore, an injection should be aimed at the origin of this tendon. This study demonstrates the accuracy of manual injections in the treatment of LE. METHODS: Ten surgeons have injected a cadaver elbow with acrylic paint, using the same injection technique (i.e. number of perforations, amount of injected fluid) that they in daily practice would use in the treatment of LE...
July 2, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Stefan M Zimmermann, Lukas W Schwitter, Max J Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen, Clément M L Werner
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Current prophylactic measures include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and local radiation. However, several disadvantages such as delayed fracture healing and impaired ossification have been reported. For this reason, a novel approach for prevention of HO was searched for...
May 4, 2016: BMC Surgery
Takuji Iwamoto, Yu Sakuma, Shigeki Momohara, Noboru Matsumura, Kensuke Ochi, Kazuki Sato
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes of a modified extensor pollicis longus (EPL) rerouting technique for boutonniere deformity of the thumb in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: A total of 21 thumbs in 18 patients with a mean age of 63 years were retrospectively analyzed after an average follow-up period of 3.2 years. The preoperative deformities were classified as either mild (5 thumbs) or moderate (16 thumbs). After either metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint synovectomy or implant arthroplasty, the ulnarly dislocated EPL tendon was reduced dorsally and sutured to the dorsal base of the proximal phalanx...
June 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Su Jian-cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of U-shaped gypsum functional fixation after closed manipulative reduction for treatment of Colles' fractures. METHODS: From January 2011 to April 2014,47 cases of Colles fracture were treated by closed reduction and U-shaped gypsum functional fixation including 12 males and 35 females with an average age of 54.8 years old ranging from 8 to 72 years old. The time from injury to treatment was 40 min to 3 d. The patients were closed fractures without neurovascular injury...
January 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Francesco Sartorio, Fabiola Garzonio, Stefano Vercelli, Elisabetta Bravini, Carolina Ruella, Roberto Maglio, Carlo Cisari, Giorgio Ferriero
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, the incidence of upper limbs tendon injuries has seen a dramatic increase among workers. Conservative treatment is the first choice to relieve symptoms, allowing a safe return to work. However, the scientific evidence of its  efficacy is widely debated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Research and literature review on the efficacy of conservative treatment of upper limbs tendon injuries in occupational settings. RESULTS: A total of 271 references were found on Medline and Embase up to May 2015...
March 24, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Jennifer S Ruano, Michael R Sitler, Jeffrey B Driban
Reference: Claes S, Hermie L, Verdonk R, Bellemans J, Verdonk P. Is osteoarthritis an inevitable consequence of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? A meta-analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21(9):1967-1976. CLINICAL QUESTION:  What is the prevalence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) at a mean follow-up equal to or greater than 10 years after autologous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with or without meniscectomy? DATA SOURCES:  The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) reporting guidelines were used to conduct this meta-analysis...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Jeffrey D Seybold, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, Kelly W Short, Mark S Myerson
BACKGROUND: Concomitant tears of the peroneus longus and brevis tendons are rare injuries, with literature limited to case reports and small patient series. Only 1 recent study directly compared the results of single-stage lateral deep flexor transfer, and no previous series objectively evaluated power and balance following transfer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and objective power and balance data following single-stage flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfers for treatment of concomitant peroneus longus and brevis tears...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Frederico Barra de Moraes, Mário Yoshihide Kwae, Ricardo Pereira da Silva, Celmo Celeno Porto, Daniel de Paiva Magalhães, Matheus Veloso Paulino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sociodemographic and clinical aspects of patients undergoing operations due to traumatic lesions of the brachial plexus. METHOD: This was a retrospective study in which the medical files of a convenience sample of 48 patients operated between 2000 and 2010 were reviewed. The following were evaluated: (1) range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder, elbow and wrist/hand, in degrees; (2) grade of strength of the shoulder, elbow and wrist/hand; (3) sensitivity; and (4) visual analogue scale (VAS) (from 0 to 10)...
September 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
J Langstone, J Ellis, C Cunliffe
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A quantifiable measure of muscle activity related to the cervical spine may provide further understanding and evidence based support for chiropractic techniques. Surface electromyography (sEMG) is a noninvasive method of measuring muscle activity of the splenius muscle when the horse is at rest. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a relationship between objective measurable muscle parameters and misalignments and muscle tension in the equine cervical spine...
September 2015: Equine Veterinary Journal
Jeffrey M DeLong, Brian R Waterman
PURPOSE: To systematically review reconstruction techniques of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and associated medial structures of the knee (e.g., posterior oblique ligament). METHODS: A systematic review of Medline/PubMed Database (1966 to November 2013), reference list scanning and citation searches of included articles, and manual searches of high-impact journals (2000 to July 2013) and conference proceedings (2009 to July 2013) were performed to identify publications describing MCL reconstruction techniques of the knee...
November 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Peter Ueblacker, Bryan English, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of nonoperative treatment after complete avulsion of the proximal adductor longus tendon in high-performance athletes. METHODS: Six consecutive athletes were included. Treatment was conservative following a strict rehabilitation plan. Following parameters were analysed: basic data, mechanism of injury, classification, tendon retraction, size of defect in MRI and return to play (RTP). RESULTS: Mean age at injury was 28 ± 5 (range 20-32) years...
December 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
René Pelletier, Johanne Higgins, Daniel Bourbonnais
Present interventions utilized in musculoskeletal rehabilitation are guided, in large part, by a biomedical model where peripheral structural injury is believed to be the sole driver of the disorder. There are, however, neurophysiological changes across different areas of the peripheral and central nervous systems, including peripheral receptors, dorsal horn of the spinal cord, brain stem, sensorimotor cortical areas, and the mesolimbic and prefrontal areas associated with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, including chronic low back pain, osteoarthritis, and tendon injuries...
November 2015: Physical Therapy
Alexander W Hooke, Kurt Pettersson, Marcus Sagerfors, Kai-Nan An, Marco Rizzo
Background Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) is a viable surgical treatment for disabling wrist arthritis. While current designs are a notable improvement from prior generations, radiographic loosening and failures remain a concern. Purpose The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate a new total wrist arthroplasty design kinematically. The kinematic function of a native, intact cadaveric wrist was compared with that of the same wrist following TWA. Method Six, fresh-frozen wrist cadaveric specimens were utilized...
May 2015: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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