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Ashley Rose, Leidy Isenalumhe, Magali Van den Bergh, Lubomir Sokol
We report five patients with human immunodeficiency virus-1/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV-1/AIDS) who developed T-cell large granular lymphocytic proliferation (T-LGLP) or leukemia (T-LGLL). None of the patients fulfilled criteria for diagnosis of diffuse infiltrative lymphocyte syndrome (DILS) or HIV-associated CD8+ lymphocytosis syndrome at the time of diagnosis of LGL. The immunophenotype of malignant T-cells was identical in three patients with co-expression of CD3, CD8, CD57, and T-cell receptor (TCR) alpha/beta...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Ritu Gupta, Meetu Dahiya, Lalit Kumar, Varun Shekhar, Atul Sharma, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Om Dutt Sharma, Abida Begum
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in a hospital-based cohort in India. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 2015 to May 2015, 3429 patients (age range, 40-88 years) were enrolled in the present study. Of the 3429 enrolled patients, 2354 (68.6%) were men and 1075 (31.4%) were women. Serum samples were collected from all patients and analyzed using serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP). The positive SPEP samples were subjected to immunofixation...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Theerawat Kumutpongpanich, Weerapat Owattanapanich, Jantima Tanboon, Ichizo Nishino, Kanokwan Boonyapisit
Sporadic late-onset nemaline myopathy with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance is a rare subacute adult-onset myopathy. Without appropriate treatment, the prognosis is unfavorable and can be fatal. Various efficacious treatment options have been reported. High dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplantation is the most used option with favorable outcome. Nevertheless, potentially safer alternative regimens await exploration. Here, we report the case of sporadic late-onset nemaline myopathy with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance in a 33-year-old man with significant clinical improvement and complete remission of monoclonal gammopathy after 5 cycles of cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone regimen...
May 16, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Verónica González-Calle, María Victoria Mateos
Monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) is the most frequent plasma cell disorder that commonly affects elderly patients. Although it is an asymptomatic condition, as well as smoldering myeloma (SMM), the risk of progression to multiple myeloma requiring therapy or other B-cell disorders varies greatly for individual patients, remaining low for MGUS (1% per year), while higher and not uniform for SMM patients (10% per year). This scenario implies some special considerations regarding assessment and follow-up, especially in the elderly...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Baptiste Lamarthée, Frédéric de Vassoigne, Florent Malard, Nicolas Stocker, Inès Boussen, Clémence Médiavilla, Ruoping Tang, Fanny Fava, Laurent Garderet, Zora Marjanovic, Eolia Brissot, Mohamad Mohty, Béatrice Gaugler
Multiple myeloma (MM) results from expansion of abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM). Previous studies have shown that monocytes play a crucial role in MM pathophysiology. A 6-sulfo LacNAc-expressing population of dendritic cells (Slan-DCs) that overlaps with intermediate and non-classical monocytes in terms of phenotype has been described. Slan-DCs represent a circulating and tissue proinflammatory myeloid population which has been shown to play a role in different cancer contexts, and which exhibits a remarkable plasticity...
2018: Oncoimmunology
N Cilla, M Vercruyssen, L Ameye, M Paesmans, A de Wind, P Heimann, N Meuleman, D Bron
INTRODUCTION: An IgM monoclonal gammopathy points to a diagnosis of Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. Other B lymphoproliferatives disorders should be ruled out but the limits are sometimes difficult to define. The discovery of the L265P mutation of the MYD88 gene simplified potentially the situation. POPULATION AND METHODS: 383 patients of the Jules Bordet Institute with an IgM level above 2 g/L were reviewed. For the 49 who had a monoclonal peak, we analysed the underlying pathology in termes of general, clinical and biological characteristics...
May 30, 2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Vanessa Szablewski, Valérie Costes-Martineau, Céline René, Aurélie Croci-Torti, Jean-Marie Joujoux
Composite lymphoma (CL) is a rare disease defined by the occurrence of two distinct lymphomas within a single tissue at the same time. We present the case of an 89-year-old male with a clinical history of immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. The patient presented cutaneous eruption of nodules on the right bottom and arm. An excisional biopsy revealed cutaneous infiltration composed of two components. The first one consisted of large B-cells with CD20+/MUM1+/BCL2+ phenotype whereas the second one involved the subcutaneous fat in a panniculitic manner, and was CD3+/CD8+/granzyme B+/TCRβF1+...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Morie A Gertz
Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis (AL) should be considered in any patient that presents to a cancer care provider with nephrotic range proteinuria, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, non-diabetic peripheral neuropathy, unexplained hepatomegaly or diarrhea. More importantly, patients being monitored for smoldering multiple myeloma and a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) are at risk for developing AL amyloidosis. MGUS and myeloma patients that have atypical features, including unexplained weight loss; lower extremity edema, early satiety, and dyspnea on exertion should be considered at risk for light chain amyloidosis...
May 23, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Aurelia Lamanuzzi, Ilaria Saltarella, Vanessa Desantis, Maria Antonia Frassanito, Patrizia Leone, Vito Racanelli, Beatrice Nico, Domenico Ribatti, Paolo Ditonno, Marcella Prete, Antonio Giovanni Solimando, Francesco Dammacco, Angelo Vacca, Roberto Ria
The mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) is an intracellular serine/threonine kinase that mediates intracellular metabolism, cell survival and actin rearrangement. mTOR is made of two independent complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, activated by the scaffold proteins RAPTOR and RICTOR, respectively. The activation of mTORC1 triggers protein synthesis and autophagy inhibition, while mTORC2 activation promotes progression, survival, actin reorganization, and drug resistance through AKT hyper-phosphorylation on Ser473...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
Maria Jesus Herrero, Yorick Gitton
FOXP2 encodes a transcription factor involved in speech and language acquisition. Growing evidence now suggests that dysregulated FOXP2 activity may also be instrumental in human oncogenesis, along the lines of other cardinal developmental transcription factors such as DLX5 and DLX6 [1-4]. Several FOXP familymembers are directly involved during cancer initiation, maintenance and progression in the adult [5-8]. This may comprise either a pro-oncogenic activity or a deficient tumor-suppressor role, depending upon cell types and associated signaling pathways...
January 2018: Genes & Cancer
Ola Landgren, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Orsolya Giricz, David Goldfarb, Kaznouri Murata, Katie Thoren, Lakshmi Ramanathan, Malin Hultcrantz, Ahmet Dogan, George Nwankwo, Ulrich Steidl, Kith Pradhan, Charles B Hall, Hillel W Cohen, Nadia Jaber, Theresa Schwartz, Laura Crowley, Michael Crane, Shani Irby, Mayris P Webber, Amit Verma, David J Prezant
Importance: The World Trade Center (WTC) attacks on September 11, 2001, created an unprecedented environmental exposure to known and suspected carcinogens suggested to increase the risk of multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is consistently preceded by the precursor states of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and light-chain MGUS, detectable in peripheral blood. Objective: To characterize WTC-exposed firefighters with a diagnosis of multiple myeloma and to conduct a screening study for MGUS and light-chain MGUS...
June 1, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Alessandra Romano, Nunziatina Laura Parrinello, Piera La Cava, Daniele Tibullo, Cesarina Giallongo, Giuseppina Camiolo, Fabrizio Puglisi, Marina Parisi, Maria Cristina Pirosa, Enrica Martino, Concetta Conticello, Giuseppe Alberto Palumbo, Francesco Di Raimondo
OBJECTIVES: Despite improvement in overall response due to the introduction of the first-in-class proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (btz), multiple myeloma (MM) is still an incurable disease due to the immune-suppressive bone marrow (BM) environment. Thus, the authors aimed to identify the role of CD11b+ CD15+ CD14- HLA-DR- granulocytic-like myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC) in MM patients treated up-front with novel agents. METHODS: In MM cell lines and primary cells derived by patients affected by MGUS and MM, we investigated sensitivity to bortezomib and lenalidomide in presence of Arg-1 and PMN-MDSC...
May 3, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Sanjeev Sethi, S Vincent Rajkumar, Vivette D D'Agati
Monoclonal gammopathies are characterized by the overproduction of monoclonal Ig (MIg) detectable in the serum or urine resulting from a clonal proliferation of plasma cells or B lymphocytes. The underlying hematologic conditions range from malignant neoplasms of plasma cells or B lymphocytes, including multiple myeloma and B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, to nonmalignant small clonal proliferations. The term MGUS implies presence of an MIg in the setting of a "benign" hematologic condition without renal or other end organ damage...
July 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Niels van Nieuwenhuijzen, Ingrid Spaan, Reinier Raymakers, Victor Peperzak
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a treatable, but incurable, malignancy of plasma cells (PC) in the bone marrow (BM). It represents the final stage in a continuum of PC dyscrasias and is consistently preceded by a premalignant phase termed monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The existence of this well-defined premalignant phase provides the opportunity to study clonal evolution of a premalignant condition into overt cancer. Unraveling the mechanisms of malignant transformation of PC could enable early identification of MGUS patients at high risk of progression and may point to novel therapeutic targets, thereby possibly delaying or preventing malignant transformation...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Research
H Goldschmidt, S Nitschmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Der Internist
Shiny Nair, Joel Sng, Chandra Sekhar Boddupalli, Anja Seckinger, Marta Chesi, Mariateresa Fulciniti, Lin Zhang, Navin Rauniyar, Michael Lopez, Natalia Neparidze, Terri Parker, Nikhil C Munshi, Rachael Sexton, Bart Barlogie, Robert Orlowski, Leif Bergsagel, Dirk Hose, Richard A Flavell, Pramod K Mistry, Eric Meffre, Madhav V Dhodapkar
A role for antigen-driven stimulation has been proposed in the pathogenesis of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and multiple myeloma (MM) based largely on the binding properties of monoclonal Ig. However, insights into antigen binding to clonal B cell receptors and in vivo responsiveness of the malignant clone to antigen-mediated stimulation are needed to understand the role of antigenic stimulation in tumor growth. Lysolipid-reactive clonal Ig were detected in Gaucher disease (GD) and some sporadic gammopathies...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
Fabrizio Accardi, Valentina Papa, Anna Rita Capozzi, Gian Luca Capello, Laura Verga, Cristina Mancini, Eugenia Martella, Roberta Costa, Laura Notarfranchi, Benedetta Dalla Palma, Franco Aversa, Vladimiro Pietrini, Giovanna Cenacchi, Nicola Giuliani
Muscle involvement in AL amyloidosis is a rare condition, and the diagnosis of amyloid myopathy is often delayed and underdiagnosed. Amyloid myopathy may be the initial manifestation and may precede the diagnosis of systemic AL amyloidosis. Here, we report the case of a 73-year-old man who was referred to our center for a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) diagnosed since 1999. He reported a progressive weakness of proximal muscles of the legs with onset six months previously. Muscle biopsy showed mild histopathology featuring alterations of nonspecific type with a mixed myopathic and neurogenic involvement, and the diagnostic turning point was the demonstration of characteristic green birefringence under cross-polarized light following Congo red staining of perimysial vessels...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
Neal J Weinreb, Pramod K Mistry, Barry E Rosenbloom, Madhav V Dhodapkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Blood
Yi Hu, Jianhong Lin, Hua Fang, Jing Fang, Chen Li, Wei Chen, Shuang Liu, Sarah Ondrejka, Zihua Gong, Frederic Reu, Jaroslaw Maciejewski, Qing Yi, Jian-Jun Zhao
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). Overexpression of MALAT1 has been demonstrated to related to poor prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Here, we demonstrated that MALAT1 plays important roles in MM DNA repair and cell death. We found bone marrow plasma cells from patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and MM express elevated MALAT1 and involve in alternative non-homozygous end joining (A-NHEJ) pathway by binding to PARP1 and LIG3, two key components of the A-NHEJ protein complex...
March 22, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Ke Lei, Yanxia Zhao, Lirong Sun, Hui Liang, Ronghua Luo, Xiaojing Sun, Yanling Tao, Lijun Chen, Lingling Zhang, Aimin Li, Fu Li, Hongfang Ding
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to verify the feasibility of a diagnostic algorithm with the evaluation of beta glucocerebrosidase (GBA) activity on dried blood spots (DBS) in screening high-risk Gaucher disease (GD) children in China, and to investigate the GD prevalence in this selected population. METHODS: Children were recruited from 20 departments of pediatrics or children's hospitals in Shandong Province, China, due to splenomegaly and/or thrombocytopenia associated with one or more of the following creteria: anemia, history of bone pain, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS), polyclonal gammopathy and splenectomy...
April 6, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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