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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211591/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-knee-an-overview-and-update-of-conventional-and-state-of-the-art-imaging
#1
Nicholas C Nacey, Matthew G Geeslin, Grady Wilson Miller, Jennifer L Pierce
: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the preferred modality for imaging the knee to show pathology and guide patient management and treatment. The knee is one of the most frequently injured joints, and knee pain is a pervasive difficulty that can affect all age groups. Due to the diverse pathology, complex anatomy, and a myriad of injury mechanisms of the knee, the MRI knee protocol and sequences should ensure detection of both soft tissue and osseous structures in detail and with accuracy...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#2
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210648/utilization-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-current-treatment-trends-in-the-united-states
#3
Joanne Y Zhang, Peter D Fabricant, Chad R Ishmael, Jeffrey C Wang, Frank A Petrigliano, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a popular biologic treatment for musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Despite numerous investigations on the efficacy of PRP therapy, current utilization of this treatment within the United States is not widely known. PURPOSE: To investigate the national utilization of PRP, including the incidence and conditions for which it is used in the clinical setting, and to determine the current charges associated with this treatment...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210065/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercise-using-pnf-on-the-size-of-calcium-deposits-pain-self-awareness-and-shoulder-joint-function-in-a-calcific-tendinitis-patient-a-case-study
#4
Dong-Gun Oh, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of independent and intensive therapeutic exercise using Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the size of calcium deposits, pain self-awareness, and shoulder joint function in a patient with calcific tendonitis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 42-year-old female patient with calcific tendonitis and acute pain who had difficulty with active movement and problems with general function. The independent and intensive Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise was applied for 40 min twice a day five times a week for two weeks for a total of 20 times...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205487/a-novel-surgical-technique-for-chronic-mallet-finger-injury-a-case-report
#5
Taku Suzuki, Naoto Inaba, Kazuki Sato
A 39-year-old man injured his left little finger and was diagnosed with chronic tendon mallet with -50° of extension and 80° of flexion at the DIP joint. We performed an anatomical reconstruction of the terminal tendon and both lateral bands with divided palmaris longus tendon grafting. Postoperative range of motion at the DIP joint improved to -5° of extension with no flexion loss. We demonstrated a novel surgical technique for chronic tendon mallet injury that might represent a useful choice for the treatment of chronic mallet finger injury...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205469/valgus-instability-of-the-elbow-due-to-medial-epicondyle-nonunion-treatment-by-fragment-excision-and-medial-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Yasunori Kaneshiro, Noriaki Hidaka, Koichi Yano, Makoto Fukuda, Hideki Sakanaka
BACKGROUND: The medial epicondyle nonunion becomes symptomatic valgus instability with medial elbow pain and joint instability due to dysfunction of the medial collateral ligament (MCL), thus requiring surgical treatment. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinical result of the fragment excision and ligament reconstruction by free tendon graft in the treatment of symptomatic medial epicondyle nonunion. METHODS: A retrospective study of five consecutive patients was performed...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205464/a-new-classification-scheme-for-closed-avulsion-injuries-of-the-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon
#7
Mokhtar Abdul Azeem, Yousef Marwan, Ahmed El Morshidy, Ali Esmaeel, Yehia Zakaria
BACKGROUND: Closed avulsion injury of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon is a relatively common condition of the hand. Its present classification system seems to be deficient in including all possible patterns of injury, leading to improper selection of the best treatment method for the injury. We aim to provide a new classification scheme for this injury. METHODS: We developed a new classification scheme based on the possible pattern of FDP tendon injury...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205183/large-primary-pleural-synovial-sarcoma-with-severe-dyspnea-a-case-report
#8
Minoru Yamaki, Shuji Yonehara, Toshio Noriyuki
BACKGROUND: Synovial sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of soft tissues. It occurs mainly in the extremities and is closely related to tendons, tendon sheaths, and bursal structures. Primary synovial sarcoma of the pleura and lungs is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a large synovial sarcoma of the left pleura. He presented with general fatigue and severe dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 20-cm tumor in the left thoracic cavity...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203599/surgical-management-of-rectus-femoris-avulsion-among-professional-soccer-players
#9
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Nuno Camelo Barbosa, Sanesh Tuteja, Roland Gardon, Matt Daggett, Damien Monnot, Charles Kajetanek, Mathieu Thaunat
BACKGROUND: Rectus femoris injuries are common among athletes, especially in kicking sports such as soccer; however, proximal rectus femoris avulsions in athletes are a relatively rare entity. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe and report the results of an original technique of surgical excision of the proximal tendon remnant followed by a muscular suture repair. Our hypothesis was that this technique limits the risk of recurrence in high-level athletes and allows for rapid recovery without loss of quadriceps strength...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197895/follow-up-of-surgical-and-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-pathology-a-brief-diagnostic-imaging-review
#10
REVIEW
A Barile, F Bruno, S Mariani, F Arrigoni, L Brunese, M Zappia, A Splendiani, E Di Cesare, C Masciocchi
The follow-up of an operated tendon is primarily clinical, although clinical examination may not be sufficient in the presence of certain complications. The imaging techniques are of great value not only in the diagnosis of tendon pathologies, but also as an adjunct to clinical evaluation. This is particularly true in the follow-up of patients submitted to surgical tendon reconstruction, by monitoring morphological effects of different interventions and evaluating tendon healing processes. Interpretation of imaging findings requires knowledge of the imaging appearance of the operated tendon during the healing phase, to distinguish between normal postsurgical changes and real pathology, as well as knowledge of surgical technique, postoperative course (including type of prescribed therapy) and possible postoperative complications...
February 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196035/perivascular-stem-cells-diminish-muscle-atrophy-following-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-in-a-small-animal-model
#11
Claire D Eliasberg, Ayelet Dar, Andrew R Jensen, Iain R Murray, Winters R Hardy, Tomasz J Kowalski, Cameron A Garagozlo, Kyle M Natsuhara, Adam Z Khan, Owen J McBride, Peter I Cha, Benjamin V Kelley, Denis Evseenko, Brian T Feeley, David R McAllister, Bruno Péault, Frank A Petrigliano
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and often necessitate operative repair. Muscle atrophy, fibrosis, and fatty infiltration can develop after rotator cuff tears, which may compromise surgical outcomes. This study investigated the regenerative potential of 2 human adipose-derived progenitor cell lineages in a murine model of massive rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Ninety immunodeficient mice were used (15 groups of 6 mice). Mice were assigned to 1 of 3 surgical procedures: sham, supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon transection (TT), or TT and denervation via suprascapular nerve transection (TT + DN)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195983/management-of-the-relapsed-clubfoot-following-treatment-using-the-ponseti-method
#12
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Derek M Kelly, Lewis E Zionts
The Ponseti method to treat idiopathic clubfoot deformity has proven to be reliable, and several centers have reported excellent outcomes. Although the method has been dependable in obtaining initial correction of the foot, relapse rates ranging from 26% to 48% have been reported. When a relapsed deformity is detected early, treatment with a short series of manipulations and cast applications followed by resumption of postcorrective bracing may be all that is required to regain and maintain correction. In patients aged >2...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194638/achilles-tendon-injuries
#13
REVIEW
Anthony C Egger, Mark J Berkowitz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to review the current literature of Achilles tendon injuries, specifically chronic tendinopathy and acute ruptures in regard to etiology, diagnosis, treatment options, and outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of Achilles tendon injuries is increasing, but the necessity for surgical intervention is decreasing due to improved conservative therapies, which may provide comparable outcomes without the implied surgical risk...
February 13, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194381/arthroscopic-surgical-treatment-of-recalcitrant-lateral-epicondylitis-a-series-of-47-cases
#14
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of patients undergoing arthroscopic surgical treatment of refractory lateral epicondylitis, identifying poor prognosis factors. METHODS: A retrospective study of 44 patients (47 elbows) who underwent arthroscopic debridement of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) tendon to treat refractory lateral epicondylitis from February 2013 to February 2015, operated by a single surgeon at one center. Patients were assessed by DASH score, visual analog scale of pain (VAS), and ShortForm 36 (SF-36)...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193263/automated-freeze-thaw-cycles-for-decellularization-of-tendon-tissue-a-pilot-study
#15
Susanne Pauline Roth, Sina Marie Glauche, Amelie Plenge, Ina Erbe, Sandra Heller, Janina Burk
BACKGROUND: Decellularization of tendon tissue plays a pivotal role in current tissue engineering approaches for in vitro research as well as for translation of graft-based tendon restoration into clinics. Automation of essential decellularization steps like freeze-thawing is crucial for the development of more standardized decellularization protocols and commercial graft production under good manufacturing practice (GMP) conditions in the future. METHODS: In this study, a liquid nitrogen-based controlled rate freezer was utilized for automation of repeated freeze-thawing for decellularization of equine superficial digital flexor tendons...
February 14, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193220/a-rare-case-of-multiple-phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumors-along-a-tendon-sheath-inducing-osteomalacia
#16
Ryuta Arai, Tomohiro Onodera, Mohamad Alaa Terkawi, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Eiji Kondo, Norimasa Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by renal phosphate wasting, hypophosphatemia, reduction of 1,25-dihydroxyl vitamin D, and bone calcification disorders. Tumors associated with TIO are typically phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors that are bone and soft tissue origin and often present as a solitary tumor. The high production of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by the tumor is believed to be the causative factor responsible for the impaired renal tubular phosphate reabsorption, hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia...
February 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190986/algorithms-for-automatically-pointing-ultrasound-imaging-catheters
#17
Paul M Loschak, Laura J Brattain, Robert D Howe
A system for automatically pointing ultrasound (US) imaging catheters will enable clinicians to monitor anatomical structures and track instruments during interventional procedures. Off-the-shelf US catheters provide high quality US images from within the patient. While this method of imaging has been proven to be effective for guiding many interventional treatments, significant training is required to overcome the difficulty in manually steering the imager to point at desired structures. Our system uses closed-form four degree of freedom (DOF) kinematic solutions to automatically position the US catheter and point the imager...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Robotics: a Publication of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188545/a-review-of-mallet-finger-and-jersey-finger-injuries-in-the-athlete
#18
REVIEW
Abdo Bachoura, Alex J Ferikes, John D Lubahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review are to discuss the diagnosis and management of mallet and jersey finger injuries in athletes and to highlight how treatment impacts return to play. RECENT FINDINGS: Mallet finger: although numerous non-operative and operative techniques have been described, there continues to be little consensus regarding the optimal procedure. Jersey finger: ultrasound appears to be a cost-effective imaging modality that may be useful for preoperative planning...
February 10, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186834/elevated-knee-joint-kinetics-and-reduced-ankle-kinetics-are-present-during-jogging-and-hopping-after-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#19
Richard W Willy, Annelie Brorsson, Hayley C Powell, John D Willson, Roy Tranberg, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
BACKGROUND: Deficits in plantarflexor function are common after an Achilles tendon rupture. These deficits may result in an altered distribution of joint loads during lower extremity tasks. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that, regardless of treatment, the Achilles tendon-ruptured limb would exhibit deficits in ankle kinematics and joint power while exhibiting elevated knee joint power and patellofemoral joint loads during walking, jogging, and hopping. We further hypothesized that this loading pattern would be most evident during jogging and hopping...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185748/validity-of-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-of-tendon-injuries-in-penetrating-extremity-trauma
#20
Narges Mohammadrezaei, Javad Seyedhosseini, Elnaz Vahidi
BACKGROUND: Tendon ruptures are common musculoskeletal injuries all around the world. Correct and timely diagnosis of tendon injuries is obviously important for improving the treatment and minimizing the community costs. Ultrasound is now being considered as one of useful modalities in this area. OBJECTIVE: The preset study is going to validate the diagnostic ability of ultrasound in tendon injuries induced by penetrating extremity trauma. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, patients with penetrating extremity trauma and suspicion of tendon injuries were enrolled in our study...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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