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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678978/community-based-diagnosis-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-rural-and-urban-haiti-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-study
#1
Vincent DeGennaro, Stuart Malcolm, Lindsay Crompton, Krishna Vaddiparti, Lazarus K Mramba, Catherine Striley, Linda Cottler, Kellee Taylor, Robert Leverence
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease and their risk factors in a rural and urban region of Haiti. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community health workers enumerated 2648 households (909 rural and 1739 urban) via a multistage cluster random sampling method from July 2015 to May 2016, completed 705 rural and 1419 urban assessments for adults aged 25-65 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: We performed a WHO STEPS based questionnaire, measured two blood pressure values, weight, height, abdominal circumference and point of care test finger stick blood sample for haemoglobin A1c, creatinine and cholesterol (total, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides)...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678896/outcomes-for-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-followed-at-rural-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#2
Emmanuel K Rusingiza, Ziad El-Khatib, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Gedeon Ngoga, Symaque Dusabeyezu, Neo Tapela, Cadet Mutumbira, Francis Mutabazi, Emmanuel Harelimana, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Gene F Kwan, Gene Bukhman
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, continued clinical follow-up, after cardiac surgery, is only available at urban referral centres. We implemented a decentralised, integrated care model to provide longitudinal care for patients with advanced rheumatic heart disease (RHD) at district hospitals in rural Rwanda before and after heart surgery. METHODS: We collected data from charts at non-communicable disease (NCD) clinics at three rural district hospitals in Rwanda to describe the outcomes of 54 patients with RHD who received cardiac valve surgery during 2007-2015...
April 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678160/the-increasing-burden-and-complexity-of-multi-morbidity-and-polypharmacy-in-geriatric-hiv-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-people-aged-65-74-years-and-more-than-75-years
#3
G Guaraldi, A Malagoli, A Calcagno, C Mussi, B M Celesia, F Carli, S Piconi, G V De Socio, A M Cattelan, G Orofino, A Riva, E Focà, S Nozza, G Di Perri
BACKGROUND: Geriatric Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (GEPPO) is a new prospective observational multicentre cohort consisting of all the HIV-positive geriatric patients being treated at 10 clinics in Italy, and HIV-negative controls attending a single geriatric clinic. The aim of this analysis of the GEPPO cohort was to compare prevalence and risk factors of individual non-communicable diseases (NCD), multi-morbidity (MM) and polypharmacy (PP) amongst HIV positive and HIV negative controls at enrolment into the GEPPO cohort...
April 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674364/health-and-prevention-enhancement-h-peace-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-conducted-at-the-seoul-national-university-hospital-gangnam-center-korea
#4
Changhyun Lee, Eun Kyung Choe, Ji Min Choi, Yunji Hwang, Young Lee, Boram Park, Su Jin Chung, Min-Sun Kwak, Jong-Eun Lee, Joo Sung Kim, Sue Kyung Park, Sang-Heon Cho
PURPOSE: The Health and Prevention Enhancement (H-PEACE) study was designed to investigate the association of diagnostic imaging results, biomarkers and the predisease stage of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as malignancies and metabolic diseases, in an average-risk population in Korea. PARTICIPANTS: This study enrolled a large-scale retrospective cohort at the Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, from October 2003 to December 2014...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673041/the-causes-of-maternal-mortality-are-changing-and-preventable
#5
Mary J Stokes, Jeffrey P Wilkinson
McCaw-Binns' identified trends in maternal and late maternal mortality in Jamaica which mirror trends seen elsewhere. The WHO reported in 2016 that non-communicable diseases (NCD) were the leading cause of death for women (comprising 65% of deaths), with over 75% of these deaths occurring in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). (World Health Organization and UNICEF (2016) A systematic analysis of global causes of maternal deaths from 2003-2009 found one-quarter were due to indirect causes - primarily NCDs including heart disease, stroke, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669699/a-systems-approach-to-refine-disease-taxonomy-by-integrating-phenotypic-and-molecular-networks
#6
Xuezhong Zhou, Lei Lei, Jun Liu, Arda Halu, Yingying Zhang, Bing Li, Zhili Guo, Guangming Liu, Changkai Sun, Joseph Loscalzo, Amitabh Sharma, Zhong Wang
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) relies on clinical features and lags behind the current understanding of the molecular specificity of disease pathobiology, necessitating approaches that incorporate growing biomedical data for classifying diseases to meet the needs of precision medicine. Our analysis revealed that the heterogeneous molecular diversity of disease chapters and the blurred boundary between disease categories in ICD should be further investigated. Here, we propose a new classification of diseases (NCD) by developing an algorithm that predicts the additional categories of a disease by integrating multiple networks consisting of disease phenotypes and their molecular profiles...
April 6, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659851/causes-of-death-at-the-university-of-ghana-hospital-in-accra-a-37-year-review-1979-2015
#7
Edward K Sutherland, Gloria A Ansa, Frank Baiden, Enoch N B Quaye, Afua A Amoabeng, Christian Amenuveve
Background: An analysis of the causes of death in developing countries is needed to improve healthcare delivery. The aim of this study was to conduct a descriptive analysis of the causes of death at the University of Ghana Hospital from 1979 to 2015. Methods: Data were extracted from the electronic database of the University of Ghana Hospital. Diseases were grouped into three broad groups of causes of death as per the Global Burden of Disease cause list, with some diseases of epidemiological importance outlined and analysed by age, gender and time in years...
April 5, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658625/the-development-of-the-noncommunicable-diseases-emergency-health-kit
#8
Slim Slama, Jonathan Lee, Mauricio Aragno, Sophie Laroche, Hans Hogerzeil
The noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) emergency health kit was developed in response to the growing prevalence of NCDs in low and middle-income countries. Under conditions of conflict or following natural disasters, regular treatment of this category of diseases is often disrupted and rarely prioritized. This leads to greater morbidity and mortality both in the short and long term. The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has both a high incidence of NCDs and currently is the site of several major conflicts and hosts most of the world's refugees...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658621/scaling-up-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases-in-the-who-eastern-mediterranean-region
#9
REVIEW
Heba Fouad, Nisreen Abdel Latif, Rachel A Ingram, Asmus Hammerich
Surveillance is an essential component in the campaign to prevent and control noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), both globally and in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). In order to address the increasing burden from these diseases, countries must first evaluate their own systems and see what steps need to be taken to improve preparedness. Therefore, the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean in Cairo, Egypt, conducts country capacity surveys on a regular basis to compare each Member State's NCD provision to the Framework for Action to implement the UN Political Declaration (2011)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658620/impact-of-economic-sanctions-on-access-to-noncommunicable-diseases-medicines-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran
#10
Mehrnaz Kheirandish, Vida Varahrami, Abbas Kebriaeezade, Abdol Majid Cheraghali
Background: It has been argued that economic sanctions and the economic crisis have adversely affected access to drugs. Aim: To assess the impact of economic sanctions on the Iranian banking system in 2011 and Central Bank in 2012 on access to and use of drugs for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Methods: An interrupted time series study assessed the effects of sanctions on drugs for diabetes (5 drug groups), asthma (5 drug groups), cancer (14 drugs) and multiple sclerosis (2 drugs)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658619/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-adults-key-findings-from-the-pakistan-steps-survey
#11
Ibrar Rafique, Muhammad A N Saqib, Muhammad A Munir, Huma Qureshi, Rizwanullah, Shahzad A Khan, Heba Fouad
Background: Pakistan lacks data on the prevalence of risk factors for common noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk factors for NCDs among a population-based sample in Punjab and Sindh provinces, Pakistan. Methods: This study was conducted in 2013-2014. The NCD risk factors examined were: current daily smoking, eating fewer than 5 servings of fruits/vegetable a day, low physical activity, overweight and obesity...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657578/notes-from-the-field-a-case-of-hepatic-failure-and-reflections-on-current-status-of-healthcare-of-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#12
Salim M Saiyed, John Kahler, Mutaz Kalabani
Recent trends and research suggest health conditions of the Syrian refugees in Lebanon are deteriorating. The following case study highlights some of the problems that refugees encounter seeking health care services in Lebanon. A coordinated response from Non-governmental organization (NGO) with intense focus on non-communicable disease (NCD) is needed to avert further worsening of health conditions on the ground.
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656088/-ne-nnipadua-mmpe-the-body-hates-it-exploring-the-lived-experience-of-food-allergy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke
Allergic diseases have closely followed the rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially in western societies. As prevalence of NCD is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), researchers are hinting that the same future may hold for (food) allergic disease in this world region. Already, researchers are beginning to record prevalence, though with little attention to the social experience of individuals and parents with food allergic children. This paper presents the first qualitative analysis of the daily realities of adults and parents of children with allergies in SSA using Ghana as a case study...
March 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644228/how-are-countries-dealing-with-their-current-cardio-vascular-disease-burden-a-snapshot-from-the-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-emr
#14
EDITORIAL
Asmus Hammerich
In recent years, a number of global commitments have been made in the area of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). These include the UN NCD Political Declaration in 2011, and the UN Comprehensive Review on NCDs and Outcome Document in 2014. Nine global targets have been agreed in the area of NCDs, and NCDs have been addressed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Another UN high-level meeting will take place in September 2018 to assess country progress across the globe. At the regional level, a number of initiates have taken place to deliver on these global commitments...
March 14, 2018: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644191/current-situation-of-leprosy-in-india-and-its-future-implications
#15
REVIEW
P Narasimha Rao, Sujai Suneetha
The global leprosy situation has changed significantly over the last four decades after the introduction of multidrug therapy (MDT) in 1982 with a reduction in prevalence from over 5 million cases in the mid-1980s to less than 200,000 at the end of 2016. The programme in India also saw a reduction from a prevalence rate of 57.8/10,000 in 1983 to less than 1/10,000 by the end of 2005 when India declared to have reached the World Health Organization (WHO) target of elimination as a public health problem. Post 2005, major changes in the programme were made by the National leprosy eradication programme (NLEP) and the global leprosy programme, which may have affected the new case detection (NCD), disability, and child leprosy trends, which continue to show no appreciable regression...
March 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643258/prevalence-of-poststroke-neurocognitive-disorders-using-national-institute-of-neurological-disorders-and-stroke-canadian-stroke-network-vascog-criteria-vascular-behavioral-and-cognitive-disorders-and-optimized-criteria-of-cognitive-deficit
#16
Mélanie Barbay, Hervé Taillia, Claudine Nédélec-Ciceri, Flavie Bompaire, Camille Bonnin, Jérôme Varvat, Françoise Grangette, Momar Diouf, Emmanuel Wiener, Jean-Louis Mas, Martine Roussel, Olivier Godefroy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of poststroke neurocognitive disorder (NCD) has yet to be accurately determined. The primary objective of the present study was to optimize operationalization of the criterion for NCD by using an external validity criterion. METHODS: The GRECOG-VASC cohort (Groupe de Réflexion pour l'Évaluation Cognitive Vasculaire) of 404 stroke patients with cerebral infarct (91.3%) or hemorrhage (18.7%) was assessed 6 months poststroke and 1003 healthy controls, with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network standardized battery...
April 11, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627831/decreases-of-life-expectancy-despite-decreases-in-non-communicable-disease-mortality-the-role-of-substance-use-and-socioeconomic-status
#17
Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
With the epidemiological transition, causes of death shifted from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and life expectancy increased, as these NCD deaths occurred later in life. However, in the United States, over the past years, life expectancy has been stagnating or decreasing despite decreasing NCD mortality rates. Analyses of the most important underlying causes of death with increasing premature mortality reveal that psychoactive substance use played a crucial role for these increases. Furthermore, it can be shown, that a high proportion of the increased premature mortality and decreased life expectancies happened in lower socio-economic strata...
April 6, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627814/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-communicable-diseases-requiring-long-term-care-in-adults-who-are-homeless
#18
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Lauren Gibson, Regina Esiovwa, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
OBJECTIVE: Identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions delivered by healthcare professionals to manage non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and communicable diseases that require long-term care or treatment (LT-CDs), excluding mental health and substance use disorders, in homeless adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs and controlled before-after studies. Interventions characterised using Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) taxonomy...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627167/investing-in-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-management-to-advance-the-sustainable-development-goals
#19
REVIEW
Rachel Nugent, Melanie Y Bertram, Stephen Jan, Louis W Niessen, Franco Sassi, Dean T Jamison, Eduardo González Pier, Robert Beaglehole
Reduction of the non-communicable disease (NCD) burden is a global development imperative. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 includes target 3·4 to reduce premature NCD mortality by a third by 2030. Progress on SDG target 3·4 will have a central role in determining the success of at least nine SDGs. A strengthened effort across multiple sectors with effective economic tools, such as price policies and insurance, is necessary. NCDs are heavily clustered in people with low socioeconomic status and are an important cause of medical impoverishment...
April 4, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627160/tackling-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-under-the-sustainable-development-agenda
#20
REVIEW
Louis W Niessen, Diwakar Mohan, Jonathan K Akuoku, Andrew J Mirelman, Sayem Ahmed, Tracey P Koehlmoos, Antonio Trujillo, Jahangir Khan, David H Peters
Five Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set targets that relate to the reduction of health inequalities nationally and worldwide. These targets are poverty reduction, health and wellbeing for all, equitable education, gender equality, and reduction of inequalities within and between countries. The interaction between inequalities and health is complex: better economic and educational outcomes for households enhance health, low socioeconomic status leads to chronic ill health, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) reduce income status of households...
April 4, 2018: Lancet
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