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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079809/a-comparison-of-the-surgical-mortality-due-to-colorectal-perforation-at-different-hospitals-with-data-from-10-090-cases-in-the-japanese-national-clinical-database
#1
Takeshi Ohki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Hiroaki Miyata, Yasuto Sato, Yoshihisa Saida, Tsuyoshi Morimoto, Hiroyuki Konno, Yasuyuki Seto, Koichi Hirata
Colorectal perforation has a high rate of mortality. We compared the incidence and fatality rates of colorectal perforation among different hospitals in Japan using data from the nationwide surgical database.Patients were registered in the National Clinical Database (NCD) between January 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013. Patients with colorectal perforation were identified from surgery records by examining if acute diffuse peritonitis (ADP) and diseases associated with a high probability of colorectal perforation were noted...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060868/non-communicable-disease-preventive-screening-by-hiv-care-model
#2
Corinne M Rhodes, Yuchiao Chang, Susan Regan, Virginia A Triant
IMPORTANCE: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic has evolved, with an increasing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden emerging and need for long-term management, yet there are limited data to help delineate the optimal care model to screen for NCDs for this patient population. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to compare rates of NCD preventive screening in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by type of HIV care model, focusing on metabolic/cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer screening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038910/consumer-health-informatics-empowering-healthy-lifestyle-seekers-through-mhealth
#3
REVIEW
Anthony Faiola, Richard J Holden
People are at risk from noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and poor health habits, with interventions like medications and surgery carrying further risk of adverse effects. This paper addresses ways people are increasingly moving to healthy living medicine (HLM) to mitigate such health threats. HLM-seekers increasingly leverage mobile technologies that enable control of personal health information, collaboration with clinicians/other agents to establish healthy living practices. For example, outcomes from consumer health informatics research includes empowering users to take charge of their health through active participation in decision-making about healthcare delivery...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018516/2014-japan-critical-limb-ischemia-database-jclimb-annual-report
#4
(no author information available yet)
Since 2013, the Japanese Society for Vascular Surgery (JSVS) has started the project of nationwide registration and a tracking database for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who are treated by vascular surgeons. The purpose of this project is to clarify the current status of the medical practice for patients with CLI to contribute to the improvement of the quality of medical care. This database, called JAPAN Critical Limb Ischemia Database (JCLIMB), is created on the National Clinical Database (NCD) and collects data of patients' background, therapeutic measures, early results, and long-term prognosis as long as 5 years after the initial treatment...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018515/2013-japan-critical-limb-ischemia-database-jclimb-annual-report
#5
(no author information available yet)
Since 2013, the Japanese Society for Vascular Surgery (JSVS) has started the project of nationwide registration and a tracking database for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who are treated by vascular surgeons. The purpose of this project is to clarify the current status of the medical practice for patients with CLI to contribute to the improvement of the quality of medical care. This database, called JAPAN Critical Limb Ischemia Database (JCLIMB), is created on the National Clinical Database (NCD) and collects data of patients' background, therapeutic measures, early results, and long term prognosis as long as five years after the initial treatment...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011654/school-based-primary-ncd-risk-reduction-education-and-public-health-perspectives
#6
Jacquie L Bay, Rosemary Hipkins, Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Robyn Dixon, Debra Shirley, Karen Tairea, Delaney Yaqona, Amanda Mason-Jones, Mark H Vickers
The rising global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has heightened awareness of the necessity for primary risk prevention programmes. These aim to facilitate long-term behaviour changes in children and adolescents that can reduce NCD risk factors and disease onset in later-life. School-based programmes designed to improve childhood and adolescent health behaviours and wellbeing contribute to this; however, design and impact assessment of these is complex. These programmes should be multidisciplinary, utilizing both educational and health expertise...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003040/nutritional-and-microbiological-quality-of-commercial-and-homemade-blenderized-whole-food-enteral-diets-for-home-based-enteral-nutritional-therapy-in-adults
#7
Maricy Machado Cavalca Vieira, Valdirene Francisca Neves Santos, Andrea Bottoni, Tania Beninga Morais
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Serious nutritional and contamination risks may be involved in the preparation of blenderized tube-feeding diets and in the handling of commercial diets. Their nutritional and microbiological quality in home settings is unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional and microbiological quality of commercial enteral and homemade blenderized whole foods diets intended to adult patients in home nutritional therapy. METHODS: In a cross sectional study, 66 samples of commercial (CD) and noncommercial (NCD) enteral diets were collected at the homes of patients in home enteral nutritional therapy, 33 of each type...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992959/allergic-sensitization-at-school-age-is-a-systemic-low-grade-inflammatory-disorder
#8
Bo Lund Chawes, Jakob Stokholm, Ann-Marie Malby Schoos, Nadia Rahman, Susanne Brix, Hans Bisgaard
BACKGROUND: Systemic low-grade inflammation has been demonstrated in a range of the frequent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) proposing a shared mechanism, but is largely unexplored in relation to allergic sensitization. We therefore aimed to investigate the possible association with childhood allergic sensitization. METHODS: High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 (CXCL8) were measured in plasma at age 6mo (N=214) and 7yrs (N=277) in children from the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood2000 (COPSAC2000 ) birth cohort...
December 19, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981409/medical-image-retrieval-using-vector-quantization-and-fuzzy-s-tree
#9
Jana Nowaková, Michal Prílepok, Václav Snášel
The aim of the article is to present a novel method for fuzzy medical image retrieval (FMIR) using vector quantization (VQ) with fuzzy signatures in conjunction with fuzzy S-trees. In past times, a task of similar pictures searching was not based on searching for similar content (e.g. shapes, colour) of the pictures but on the picture name. There exist some methods for the same purpose, but there is still some space for development of more efficient methods. The proposed image retrieval system is used for finding similar images, in our case in the medical area - in mammography, in addition to the creation of the list of similar images - cases...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978839/the-impact-of-dietary-risk-factors-on-the-burden-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-ethiopia-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#10
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Awoke Misganaw Temesgen, Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Berhe W Sahle, Semaw Ferede Abera, Tolesa Bekele, Ferew Lemma, Azmeraw T Amare, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Abiy Hiruye, Amare Worku, Robert Adams, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Zumin Shi, Ashkan Afshin, Mohammad H Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. The contribution of dietary behaviours to the NCD burden in Ethiopia has not been evaluated. This study, therefore, aimed to assess diet-related burden of disease in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. METHOD: We used the 2013 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data to estimate deaths, years of life lost (YLLs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) related to eight food types, five nutrients and fibre intake...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942746/building-leadership-capacity-to-prevent-and-control-noncommunicable-diseases-evaluation-of-an-international-short-term-training-program-for-program-managers-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Agnes Erzse, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Oleg Chestnov, Nicholas Banatvala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a 1-week training seminar jointly developed and conducted by the World Health Organization and the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of Lausanne targeting senior policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries on public health aspects of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: A short qualitative questionnaire was emailed to all participants to one of the nine seminars organized between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: From the 195 participants from 96 different countries, 122 (63%) completed the questionnaire...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941508/effectiveness-of-caregiver-provided-cognitive-interventions-on-cognition-social-functioning-and-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Rosa Silva, Daniela Cardoso, Sérgio Abrunheiro, Maria Almeida, João Apóstolo
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of individual cognitive interventions (CIs) provided by caregivers on cognition, social functioning and quality of life among older adults (≥65 years) with major neurocognitive disorder (NCD).The review questions are as follows:What is the best available evidence on the effectiveness of individual CIs provided by caregivers on cognitive domains such as memory, problem-solving and verbal fluency among older adults (≥65 years) with major NCD?What is the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of individual CIs provided by caregivers on the social functioning and quality of life among older adults (≥65 years) with major NCD?...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940943/first-occurrence-of-diabetes-chronic-kidney-disease-and-hypertension-among-north-american-hiv-infected-adults-2000-2013
#13
Cherise Wong, Stephen J Gange, Kate Buchacz, Richard D Moore, Amy C Justice, Michael A Horberg, M John Gill, John R Koethe, Peter F Rebeiro, Michael J Silverberg, Frank J Palella, Pragna Patel, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Alison G Abraham, Hasina Samji, Sonia Napravnik, Tareq Ahmed, Jennifer E Thorne, Ronald J Bosch, Angel M Mayor, Keri N Althoff
BACKGROUND: There remains concern regarding the occurrence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among individuals aging with HIV but few studies have described whether disparities between demographic subgroups are present among individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) with access to care. METHODS: We assessed the first documented occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and treated hypertension (HTN) by age, sex, and race within the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design...
December 10, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938847/ncd-research-in-the-post-2015-global-health-agenda-perspectives-from-the-nhlbi-strategic-vision
#14
George A Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938846/new-partnerships-to-advance-global-health-research-for-ncd
#15
EDITORIAL
George A Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938843/a-global-social-network-to-catalyze-solutions-for-chronic-ncd-a-case-study-on-the-young-professionals-chronic-disease-network
#16
EDITORIAL
Jordan D Jarvis, Eric Obscherning, Karen Siegel, Sandeep P Kishore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938841/community-health-workers-an-underappreciated-asset-to-tackle-ncd
#17
EDITORIAL
Jordan D Jarvis, Ishu Kataria, Mellany Murgor, Lilian Mbau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938833/has-there-been-adequate-progress-in-addressing-the-ncd-epidemic-in-lmic
#18
EDITORIAL
Nasheeta Peer, Andre P Kengne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938831/usaid-standing-by-on-ncd
#19
EDITORIAL
Paul Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938826/can-the-success-of-hiv-scale-up-advance-the-global-chronic-ncd-agenda
#20
REVIEW
Anton M Palma, Miriam Rabkin, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Pido Bongomin, Nomthandazo Lukhele, Xolisile Dlamini, Altaye Kidane, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Noncommunicable diseases (NCD) are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide but have received suboptimal attention and funding from the global health community. Although the first United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) for NCD in 2011 aimed to stimulate donor funding and political action, only 1.3% of official development assistance for health was allocated to NCD in 2015, even less than in 2011. In stark contrast, the UNGASS on human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in 2001 sparked billions of dollars in funding for HIV and enabled millions of HIV-infected individuals to access antiretroviral treatment...
December 2016: Global Heart
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