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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448679/the-effect-of-precursor-composition-on-the-structural-properties-of-nanocrystalline-diamond-films
#1
Byoung Su Choi, Jin Kon Kim, Sungu Hwang, Sung Chul Shin, In Won Lee, Jeong Ho Ryu, Hyun Cho
Nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films were grown by hot filament CVD and the precursor composition dependence of the structural properties was examined. Films grown at 1 and 2 CH4 Vol% were found to be NCD layers with grain sizes of ~23-25 nm while films grown at 3-5 Vol% were identified as the mixtures of microcrystalline diamond and graphitic phase. The sp2/sp3 bonded carbon ratio in the grown films increased as the CH4 content increased up to 3 Vol% and then decreased beyond 4 Vol%. Microstructure and deposition rate were also found to be affected by the precursor composition and the NCD film grown at 1 CH4 Vol% showed a very dense microstructure and the highest deposition rate of ~3 nm/min...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#2
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433782/keystones-affecting-sub-saharan-africa-s-prospects-for-achieving-food-security-through-balanced-diets
#3
Julian May
Socio-economic dynamics determine the transition from diets characterized by the risk of famine, to those characterized by the risk of diet-related non-communicable disease (DR-NCD). This transition is of particular concern in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in which key socio-economic interactions that influence diet include economic growth and rapid urbanization; inequality and a growing middle class; and obesogenic food environments and an increasing prevalence of DR-NCD. In each case, countries in SSA are among those experiencing the most rapid change in the world...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432231/noncommunicable-diseases-in-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-1-infection-in-high-income-and-low-income-settings
#4
Steve Innes, Kunjal Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perinatally HIV-infected adolescents may be at increased risk of noninfectious comorbidities later in life. This review summarizes recent advances in the understanding of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) among HIV-infected adolescents in high-income and lower middle-income countries, and identifies key questions that remain unanswered. We review atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD), chronic bone disease (CBD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and chronic lung disease (CLD)...
February 8, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432123/catestatin-inhibits-obesity-induced-macrophage-infiltration-and-inflammation-in-the-liver-and-suppresses-hepatic-glucose-production-leading-to-improved-insulin-sensitivity
#5
Wei Ying, Sumana Mahata, Gautam K Bandyopadhyay, Zhenqi Zhou, Joshua Wollam, Jessica Vu, Rafael Mayoral, Nai-Wen Chi, Nicholas J G Webster, Angelo Corti, Sushil K Mahata
The activation of Kupffer cells (KCs) and monocyte (Mc)-derived recruited macrophages (McMΦs) in the liver contributes to obesity-induced insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice treated with Chromogranin A (CgA) peptide catestatin (CST) showed several positive results. These included decreased hepatic/plasma lipids and plasma insulin, diminished expression of gluconeogenic genes, attenuated expression of pro-inflammatory genes, increased expression of anti-inflammatory genes in McMΦs, and inhibition of the infiltration of McMΦs resulting in improvement of insulin sensitivity...
February 6, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431916/clinical-relevance-of-smartphone-apps-for-diabetes-management-a-global-overview
#6
Zhilian Huang, Michael Soljak, Bernhard Otto Boehm, Josip Car
AIMS: We assessed the number, proportion and clinical relevance of diabetes self-management apps in major languages spoken by ten countries with the greatest number of people with diabetes. METHODS: China, India, USA, Brazil, Russian Federation, Mexico, Indonesia, Egypt, Japan and Pakistan were identified as the ten countries with the largest number of people with diabetes based on the latest NCD-RisC survey. Android and iOS apps in the ten national languages were extracted with a search strategy...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429309/the-experiences-of-patients-and-carers-living
#7
Stephen R Leeder, Tanisha Jowsey, Justin W McNab
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing in prevalence and straining health systems globally. This creates a so-called 'burden of disease', which can be traced in terms of fiscal health system matters and in terms of quality of life and lived experiences of people with NCDs. The United Nations has called for a global agenda to manage NCDs and reduce their burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to summarise key findings from the Serious and Continuing Illness Policy and Practice Study concerning patients’ and carers’ experiences of multimorbid NCDs in Australia...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427039/introducing-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-in-general-practice-a-retrospective-cohort-study-based-on-a-nationwide-registry-database-in-japan
#8
Yasuhiro Kodera, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Hiraku Kumamaru, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Naoki Hiki, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Michitaka Honda, Hiroaki Miyata, Yuichi Yamashita, Yasuyuki Seto, Seigo Kitano, Hiroyuki Konno
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is considered a technically demanding procedure with safety issues, it has been performed in several hospitals in Japan. Data from a nationwide web-based data entry system for surgical procedures (NCD) that started enrollment in 2011 are now available for analysis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from 32,144 patients who underwent total gastrectomy and were registered in the NCD database between January 2012 and December 2013...
February 9, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425660/cranberry-anthocyanin-as-an-herbal-medicine-lowers-plasma-cholesterol-by-increasing-excretion-of-fecal-sterols
#9
Lijun Wang, Hanyue Zhu, Yimin Zhao, Rui Jiao, Lin Lei, Jingnan Chen, Xiaobo Wang, Zhengnan Zhang, Yu Huang, Tiejie Wang, Zhen-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Interest in using herbal medicines to treat the hypercholesterolemia is increasing. Cranberry extract could decrease plasma cholesterol, however, the active ingredients and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. HYPOTHESIS: The present study was to test the hypothesis that cranberry anthocyanins (CrA) were at least one of the active ingredients responsible for the cholesterol-lowering activity of cranberry fruits via a mechanism of increasing fecal sterol excretion...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424560/validation-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-basic-in-a-sample-of-elderly-egyptians-with-neurocognitive-disorders
#10
Alia Adel Saleh, Rasha Saad Abd El Hamid Ali Alkholy, Ola Osama Khalaf, Noha Ahmed Sabry, Hanan Amer, Shaimaa El-Jaafary, Mohamed Abd El Fatah Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic (MoCA-B) is a modified version of the MoCA that is especially suitable for use in elderly subjects with low education. The Authors translated the tool into Arabic and they aimed at validation of this tool in a sample of elderly Egyptians. METHODS: The study included 93 patients, 60 years and older, fulfilling the DSM-5 criteria of Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (NCD) (39 patients) and Major Neurocognitive Disorder (54 patients) that were compared to 112 community dwelling elder subjects...
February 9, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423081/pm2-5-inhalation-induces-intracranial-atherosclerosis-which-may-be-ameliorated-by-omega-3-fatty-acids
#11
Longfei Guan, Xiaokun Geng, Jiamei Shen, James Yip, Fengwu Li, Huishan Du, Zhili Ji, Yuchuan Ding
Background: Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICA) a major health problem. This study investigated whether inhalation of fine airborne particulate matters (PM2.5) causes ICA and whether omega-3 fatty acids (O3FA) attenuated the development of ICA. Results: Twelve but not 6 week exposure significantly increased triglycerides (TG) in normal chow diet (NCD), while PM2.5 enhanced all lipid profiles (TG, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol (CHO)) after both 6 and 12-week exposure with high-cholesterol diet (HCD)...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420640/disparities-in-availability-of-essential-medicines-to-treat-non-communicable-diseases-in-uganda-a-poisson-analysis-using-the-service-availability-and-readiness-assessment
#12
Mari Armstrong-Hough, Sandeep P Kishore, Sarah Byakika, Gerald Mutungi, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Jeremy I Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Although the WHO-developed Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool is a comprehensive and widely applied survey of health facility preparedness, SARA data have not previously been used to model predictors of readiness. We sought to demonstrate that SARA data can be used to model availability of essential medicines for treating non-communicable diseases (EM-NCD). METHODS: We fit a Poisson regression model using 2013 SARA data from 196 Ugandan health facilities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416995/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-rural-population-of-district-gautam-budh-nagar-uttar-pradesh-using-the-world-health-organization-steps-approach
#13
Shalini Srivastav, Harsh Mahajan, Sonia Goel, Sidhyartha Mukherjee
Context: Globally, it is estimated that by 2020, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will account for 73% of deaths and 60% of disease burden. India is in the midst of an epidemiological transition leading to increasing the prevalence of NCDs. Targeting the risk factors for NCDs is recognized as an essential preventive strategy. Aims: The rationale of this study was to decipher the baseline data on the prevalence of NCD risk factors among the rural population. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 207 adults in the rural catchment area of the Department of Community Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415037/exploring-chronic-disease-in-bolivia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-la-paz
#14
Patricia Abbott, Tanima Banerjee, Amparo Clara Aruquipa Yujra, Boqin Xie, John Piette
PURPOSE: This study seeks to develop an understanding that can guide development of programs to improve health and care for individuals with Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in La Paz, Bolivia, where NCDs are prevalent and primary care systems are weak. This exploratory investigation examines the characteristics of chronic disease patients in the region, key health related behaviors, and their perceptions of the care that they receive. The longer-term goal is to lay groundwork for interventional studies based on the principles of the Chronic Care Model (CCM)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415024/identifying-evidence-practice-gaps-and-strategies-for-improvement-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-maternal-health-care
#15
Melanie E Gibson-Helm, Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison F Laycock, Jacqueline A Boyle, Ross S Bailie
INTRODUCTION: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are more common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations than non-Indigenous populations in Australia. Later in life, most of the difference in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and non-Indigenous women is due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Most Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women attend health services regularly during pregnancy. Providing high-quality care within these appointments has an important role to play in improving the current and future health of women and babies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411252/the-fertility-management-experiences-of-australian-women-with-a-non-communicable-chronic-disease-findings-from-the-understanding-fertility-management-in-contemporary-australia-survey
#16
Sara Holton, Aberaami Thananjeyan, Heather Rowe, Maggie Kirkman, Lynne Jordan, Kathleen McNamee, Christine Bayly, John McBain, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher
Introduction Despite the considerable and increasing proportion of women of reproductive age with a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) and the potential adverse implications of many NCDs for childbearing, little is known about the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD, including their contraceptive use, pregnancy experiences and outcomes, and reproductive health care utilisation. The aim of this study was to investigate the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD and draw comparisons with women without an NCD...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407890/selective-inhibition-of-endothelial-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-attenuates-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-induced-atherosclerosis-in-mice
#17
Dongmei Song, Guoqiang Fang, Sun-Zhong Mao, Xiaobing Ye, Gang Liu, Edmund J Miller, Harly Greenberg, Shu Fang Liu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) exposure causes atherosclerosis, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study defines the role of endothelial intrinsic NF-κB signaling in the atherogenic response to CIH. METHODS: We created ApoE-ECI-κBmt mice that are deficient in the apolipoprotein E gene (ApoE-/-) and overexpress an I-κBα mutant (I-κBmt) selectively in endothelial cells. ApoE-/- and ApoE-ECI-κBmt mice were fed a normal chow diet (NCD) or high cholesterol diet (HCD) and exposed to sham or CIH, and atherosclerotic lesions were quantified...
January 30, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393709/challenges-for-clinical-practice-and-research-in-family-medicine-in-reducing-the-risk-of-chronic-diseases-notes-on-the-egprn-spring-conference-2017-in-riga
#18
Vija Silina, Ruth Kalda
Chronic diseases in most cases belong to the category of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which are the main cause of mortality globally. Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer are the four NCDs responsible for 82% of NCD deaths. Prevention of NCDs implies health promotion activities that encourage healthy lifestyle and limit the initial onset of chronic diseases. Prevention also includes early detection activities, such as screening at-risk populations, as well as strategies for appropriate management of existing diseases and related complications...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379697/gas-sensing-behaviour-of-zno-diamond-nanostructures
#19
Marina Davydova, Alexandr Laposa, Jiri Smarhak, Alexander Kromka, Neda Neykova, Josef Nahlik, Jiri Kroutil, Jan Drahokoupil, Jan Voves
Microstructured single- and double-layered sensor devices based on p-type hydrogen-terminated nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films and/or n-type ZnO nanorods (NRs) have been obtained via a facile microwave-plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition process or a hydrothermal growth procedure. The morphology and crystal structure of the synthesized materials was analysed with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction measurements and Raman spectroscopy. The gas sensing properties of the sensors based on i) NCD films, ii) ZnO nanorods, and iii) hybrid ZnO NRs/NCD structures were evaluated with respect to oxidizing (i...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378832/membrane-trafficking-protein-cdp138-regulates-fat-browning-and-insulin-sensitivity-through-controlling-catecholamine-release
#20
Qiong L Zhou, Ye Song, Chun-Hong Huang, Jun-Yuan Huang, Zhenwei Gong, Zhangping Liao, Andria G Sharma, Lily Greene, Justin Z Deng, Michael C Rigor, Xiangyang Xie, Songtao Qi, Julio E Ayala, Zhen Y Jiang
CDP138 is a calcium- and lipid-binding protein that is involved in membrane trafficking. Here we report mice without CDP138 develop obesity under normal chow diet (NCD) or high-fat diet (HFD) conditions. CDP138-/- mice have lower energy expenditure, oxygen consumption and body temperature in comparison with wild-type (WT) mice. CDP138 is exclusively expressed in adrenal medulla and is co-localized with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a marker of sympathetic nervous terminals, in the inguinal fat. In comparison with WT controls, CDP138-/- mice had altered catecholamine levels in the circulation, adrenal grand, and inguinal fat...
January 29, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
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