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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633351/data-compression-can-discriminate-broilers-by-selection-line-detect-haplotypes-and-estimate-genetic-potential-for-complex-phenotypes
#1
N J Hudson, R J Hawken, R Okimoto, R L Sapp, A Reverter
Accurately establishing the relationships among individuals lays the foundation for genetic analyses such as genome-wide association studies and identification of selection signatures. Of particular interest to the poultry industry are estimates of genetic merit based on molecular data. These estimates can be commercially exploited in marker-assisted breeding programs to accelerate genetic improvement. Here, we test the utility of a new method we have recently developed to estimate animal relatedness and applied it to genetic parameter estimation in commercial broilers...
June 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629430/bangladesh-policy-on-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-policy-analysis
#3
Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. METHODS: The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623056/the-prevalence-and-risk-factor-control-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china-japan-and-korea
#4
Defu Ma, Hiromichi Sakai, Chihiro Wakabayashi, Jong-Sook Kwon, Yoonna Lee, Shuo Liu, Qiaoqin Wan, Kumiko Sasao, Kanade Ito, Ken Nishihara, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) has become the leading cause of mortality and disease burden worldwide. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of NCDs and risk factor control on dietary behaviors and dietary intake in China, Japan, and Korea. RESULTS: There were significant differences among the three countries on the prevalence of hypertension (24.5% in China, 17.6% in Korea, and 15.2% in Japan), diabetes (8...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619031/healthy-people-and-healthy-profits-elaborating-a-conceptual-framework-for-governing-the-commercial-determinants-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-identifying-options-for-reducing-risk-exposure
#5
REVIEW
Kent Buse, Sonja Tanaka, Sarah Hawkes
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a significant threat to human health and well-being, and carry significant implications for economic development and health care and other costs for governments and business, families and individuals. Risks for many of the major NCDs are associated with the production, marketing and consumption of commercially produced food and drink, particularly those containing sugar, salt and transfats (in ultra-processed products), alcohol and tobacco...
June 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617525/characterization-of-high-exopolysaccharide-producing-lactobacillus-strains-isolated-from-mustard-pickles-for-potential-probiotic-applications
#6
Jing-Yao Huang, Cheng-Yen Kao, We-Sin Liu, Tony J Fang
The aim of this study was to characterize high exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from mustard pickles in Taiwan for potential probiotic applications. Among 39 collected LAB strains, four most productive EPS-producing strains were selected for further analysis. Comparative analyses of 16S rDNA genes rpoA and pheS sequences demonstrated that these strains were members of Lactobacillus plantarum-group (LPG). NCD 2, NLD 4, SLC 13, and NLD 16 showed survival rates of 95.83% ± 0...
June 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607234/healthy-lifestyle-centres-a-service-for-screening-noncommunicable-diseases-through-primary-health-care-institutions-in-sri-lanka
#7
D S Virginie Mallawaarachchi, Shiranee C Wickremasinghe, Lakshmi C Somatunga, Vithanage Tsk Siriwardena, Nalika S Gunawardena
The Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka initiated the Healthy Lifestyle Centres (HLCs) in 2011, to address the lack of a structured noncommunicable disease (NCD) screening service through the lowest level of primary health-care institutions. The main service objective of the HLCs is to reduce the risk of NCDs of 40-65 year olds by detecting risk factors early and improving access to specialized care for those with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The screened clients are managed at HLCs, based on the total-risk approach to assess their 10-year CVD risk, using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension risk-prediction chart...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606649/accuracy-of-lung-ultrasound-in-patients-with-acute-dyspnea-the-influence-of-age-multimorbidity-and-cognitive-and-motor-impairment
#8
Luca Vizioli, Paola Forti, Elena Bartoli, Marco Giovagnoli, Guerino Recinella, Davide Bernucci, Marco Masetti, Elena Martino, Gian Luca Pirazzoli, Marco Zoli, Giampaolo Bianchi
Discriminating between causes of dyspnea may be difficult, particularly in the elderly. The aim of this retrospective study of 83 inpatients with acute dyspnea was to assess the influence of age, multimorbidity and cognitive or motor impairment on the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) in discriminating acute heart failure (AHF) from noncardiogenic dyspnea (NCD). Univariate analysis indicates that LUS misdiagnosis was associated with the following parameters: history of stroke (p = 0.037), lower activity of daily living (p = 0...
June 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606163/tobacco-smoking-trends-in-samoa-over-four-decades-can-continued-globalization-rectify-that-which-it-has-wrought
#9
Christine Linhart, Take Naseri, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Stephen T McGarvey, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: The island country of Samoa (population 188,000 in 2011) forms part of Polynesia in the South Pacific. Over the past several decades Samoa has experienced exceptional modernization and globalization of many sectors of society, with noncommunicable diseases (NCD) now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The evolution of risk factor prevalence underpinning the increase in NCDs, however, has not been well described, including tobacco smoking which is related to cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
June 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604238/financing-national-non-communicable-disease-responses
#10
Luke Nelson Allen
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) (also known as socially transmitted diseases) were conspicuously absent from the Millennium Development Goals and seemed to miss out on the 'golden years' of health funding despite causing more death and disability than any other disease group worldwide. The share of 'development assistance for health' dedicated to NCDs has remained at 1-2% of the total since 2000. This level of funding is insufficient to attain the nine targets in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on NCDs...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598973/seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#11
Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Srinivasan Kannan, Sankara P Sarma, Oliver Razum, Odile Sauzet, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan
Nearly three-quarters of global deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) occur in low- and middle-income countries such as India. However, there are few data available on longitudinal change in risk factors for NCDs in India. We conducted a cohort study among 495 individuals (aged 15 to 64 years at baseline) in rural Kerala state, India, from 2003 to 2010. For the present analysis, data from 410 adults (aged 20 to 64 years at baseline) who participated at both baseline and follow-up studies were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598464/re-comprehensive-diabetes-and-non-communicable-disease-educator-in-the-low-resource-settings-as-ncd-primary-care-assistant-with-one-year-training
#12
M D Bhattarai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596070/sm%C3%A2-sm-the-interface-of-systems-medicine-and-sexual-medicine-for-facing-non-communicable-diseases-in-a-gender-dependent-manner
#13
REVIEW
Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Complex non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disorders, are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The complexity of NCDs requires innovative, integrated, and interdisciplinary approaches for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention by adopting the new paradigm called systems medicine. A growing body of evidence suggests that sexual dysfunction in general and erectile and lubrication dysfunctions in particular are, in a sex-dependent manner, efficient predictors of overall systemic well-being...
June 5, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594895/atp-sensitive-potassium-katp-channel-openers-diazoxide-and-nicorandil-lower-intraocular-pressure-by-activating-the-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#14
Uttio Roy Chowdhury, Cindy K Bahler, Bradley H Holman, Michael P Fautsch
Elevated intraocular pressure is the most prevalent and only treatable risk factor for glaucoma, a degenerative disease of the optic nerve. While treatment options to slow disease progression are available, all current therapeutic and surgical treatments have unwanted side effects or limited efficacy, resulting in the need to identify new options. Previous reports from our laboratory have established a novel ocular hypotensive effect of ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) openers including diazoxide (DZ) and nicorandil (NCD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591353/noncommunicable-diseases-and-the-use-of-health-services-analysis-of-the-national-health-survey-in-brazil
#15
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Maria Imaculada de Fátima Freitas, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether sex, education level, and health insurance affect the use of health services among the adult Brazilian population with chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCD). METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey were analyzed, the National Health Survey (PNS). Frequency of use of services in the population that referred at least one NCD were compared with the frequency from a population that did not report NCD, according to sex, education level, health insurance, and NCD number (1, 2, 3, 4, or more)...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588970/modifying-the-interagency-emergency-health-kit-to-include-treatment-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-natural-disasters-and-complex-emergencies
#16
Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Brian Nadler, Ara Darzi, Shahnawaz Rasheed
The Interagency Emergency Health Kit (IEHK) provides a standard package of medicines and simple medical devices for aid agencies to use in emergencies such as disasters and armed conflicts. Despite the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in such settings, the IEHK includes few drugs and devices for management of NCDs. Using published data to model the population burden of acute and chronic presentations of NCDs in emergency-prone regions, we estimated the quantity of medications and devices that should be included in the IEHK...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588953/trends-and-level-of-control-of-hypertension-among-adults-attending-an-ambulatory-hiv-clinic-in-kampala-uganda-a-retrospective-study
#17
Robert Kalyesubula, Alex Kayongo, Fred Collins Semitala, Asaph Muhanguzi, Nehemiah Katantazi, Dieter Ayers, Jamie I Forrest, Edward J Mills
BACKGROUND: With an ageing HIV-positive population, sub-Saharan Africa is now facing a dual epidemic of communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This study aimed to assess trends in the prevalence of hypertension and factors associated with hypertension, among adults attending an ambulatory HIV clinic in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review to identify patients with hypertension. We used a random number generator to select 400 patient charts from each year from 2009 to 2014...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582528/trends-in-obesity-and-diabetes-across-africa-from-1980-to-2014-an-analysis-of-pooled-population-based-studies
#18
(no author information available yet)
Background: : The 2016 Dar Es Salaam Call to Action on Diabetes and Other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) advocates national multi-sectoral NCD strategies and action plans based on available data and information from countries of sub-Saharan Africa and beyond. We estimated trends from 1980 to 2014 in age-standardized mean body mass index (BMI) and diabetes prevalence in these countries, in order to assess the co-progression and assist policy formulation. Methods: : We pooled data from African and worldwide population-based studies which measured height, weight and biomarkers to assess diabetes status in adults aged ≥ 18 years...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575065/does-published-research-on-non-communicable-disease-ncd-in-arab-countries-reflect-ncd-disease-burden
#19
Abla M Sibai, Neil V Singh, Samer Jabbour, Shadi Saleh, Sawsan Abdulrahim, Farah Naja, Soha Yazbek
OBJECTIVES: To review trends in non-communicable (NCD) research output in the Arab region, in terms of quantity and quality, study design, setting and focus. We also examined differences by time and place, and assessed gaps between research output and NCD burden. METHODS: A scoping review of a total of 3,776 NCD-related reports published between 2000 and 2013 was conducted for seven Arab countries. Countries were selected to represent diverse socio-economic development levels in the region: Regression analyses were used to assess trends in publications over time and by country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560994/a-new-chapter-for-the-ncd-alliance-stronger-together
#20
Katie Dain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Lancet
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