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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#1
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905949/burden-of-cumulative-risk-factors-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-among-adults-in-uganda-evidence-from-a-national-baseline-survey
#2
Ronald Wesonga, David Guwatudde, Silver K Bahendeka, Gerald Mutungi, Fabian Nabugoomu, James Muwonge
BACKGROUND: Modification of known risk factors has been the most tested strategy for dealing with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The cumulative number of NCD risk factors exhibited by an individual depicts a disease burden. However, understanding the risk factors associated with increased NCD burden has been constrained by scarcity of nationally representative data, especially in the developing countries and not well explored in the developed countries as well. METHODS: Assessment of key risk factors for NCDs using population data drawn from 3987 participants in a nationally representative baseline survey in Uganda was made...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#3
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901036/the-effects-of-policy-actions-to-improve-population-dietary-patterns-and-prevent-diet-related-non-communicable-diseases-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
L Hyseni, M Atkinson, H Bromley, L Orton, F Lloyd-Williams, R McGill, S Capewell
Poor diet generates a bigger non-communicable disease (NCD) burden than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined. We reviewed the potential effectiveness of policy actions to improve healthy food consumption and thus prevent NCDs. This scoping review focused on systematic and non-systematic reviews and categorised data using a seven-part framework: price, promotion, provision, composition, labelling, supply chain, trade/investment and multi-component interventions. We screened 1805 candidate publications and included 58 systematic and non-systematic reviews...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893719/novel-kdm1a-inhibitors-induce-differentiation-and-apoptosis-of-glioma-stem-cells-via-unfolded-protein-response-pathway
#5
G R Sareddy, S Viswanadhapalli, P Surapaneni, T Suzuki, A Brenner, R K Vadlamudi
Glioma stem cells (GSCs) have a central role in glioblastoma (GBM) development and chemo/radiation resistance, and their elimination is critical for the development of efficient therapeutic strategies. Recently, we showed that lysine demethylase KDM1A is overexpressed in GBM. In the present study, we determined whether KDM1A modulates GSCs stemness and differentiation and tested the utility of two novel KDM1A-specific inhibitors (NCL-1 and NCD-38) to promote differentiation and apoptosis of GSCs. The efficacy of KDM1A targeting drugs was tested on purified GSCs isolated from established and patient-derived GBMs using both in vitro assays and in vivo orthotopic preclinical models...
November 28, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888177/study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-ncd-access-to-medicines-initiative-evaluation-of-novartis-access-in-kenya
#6
Peter C Rockers, Veronika J Wirtz, Taryn Vian, Monica A Onyango, Paul G Ashigbie, Richard Laing
INTRODUCTION: Novartis recently launched Novartis Access, an initiative to provide a basket of reduced price medicines for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) to be sold through the public and private non-profit sectors in programme countries. This study will evaluate the impact of Novartis Access on the availability and price of NCD medicines at health facilities and households in Kenya, the first country to receive the programme. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will be a cluster-randomised controlled trial...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886783/mhealth-interventions-to-counter-noncommunicable-diseases-in-developing-countries-still-an-uncertain-promise
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Beratarrechea, Daniela Moyano, Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein
mHealth constitutes a promise for health care delivery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where health care systems are unprepared to combat the threat of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). This article assesses the impact of mHealth on NCD outcomes in LMICs. A systematic review identified controlled studies evaluating mHealth interventions that addressed NCDs in LMICs. From the 1274 abstracts retrieved, 108 articles were selected for full text review and 20 randomized controlled trials were included from 14 LMICs...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881160/distribution-and-patterning-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-indigenous-mbororo-and-non-autochthonous-populations-in-cameroon-cross-sectional-study
#8
Nyuyki Clement Kufe, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Data on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among indigenous populations are needed for interventions to improve health care. We conducted a survey in 2013 among rural indigenous Mbororo, Fulbe and other ethnic groups to determine the distribution of risk factors of NCDs in Cameroon. METHODS: We selected seven targets of NCD risk factors: tobacco use, alcohol use, diet (salt/sugar intake, vegetable/fruit consumption), raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, physical inactivity and weight measures...
November 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875542/educational-outreach-with-an-integrated-clinical-tool-for-nurse-led-non-communicable-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-care-in-south-africa-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Lara R Fairall, Naomi Folb, Venessa Timmerman, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Max O Bachmann, Eric D Bateman, Crick Lund, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Thomas Gaziano, Daniella Georgeu-Pepper, Merrick Zwarenstein, Naomi S Levitt
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, care for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health conditions is provided by nurses. The benefits of nurse substitution and supplementation in NCD care in high-income settings are well recognised, but evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. Primary Care 101 (PC101) is a programme designed to support and expand nurses' role in NCD care, comprising educational outreach to nurses and a clinical management tool with enhanced prescribing provisions...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870424/sex-dependent-differences-in-voluntary-physical-activity
#10
REVIEW
Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Numbers of overweight and obese individuals are increasing in the United States and globally, and, correspondingly, the associated health care costs are rising dramatically. More than one-third of children are currently considered obese with a predisposition to type 2 diabetes, and it is likely that their metabolic conditions will worsen with age. Physical inactivity has also risen to be the leading cause of many chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCD). Children are more physically inactive now than they were in past decades, which may be due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868177/-early-use-of-memantine-in-the-treatment-of-lewy-body-dementia
#11
H Vanhaute, P Persoons
Early use of memantine in the treatment of Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a common type of major neurocognitive disorder (NCD), which is difficult to treat. The use of memantine can be an early treatment strategy. This is illustrated by a case of an 80-year-old patient whose cognition, motor skills and perception disorders reacted favourably to treatment with memantine. The beneficial effect, however, was soon lost after the treatment was discontinued, but reappeared after the medication was reintroduced.
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865650/economic-assessment-of-integrated-cancer-and-cardiovascular-registries-the-barbados-experience
#12
Tanya N Martelly, Angela M C Rose, Sujha Subramanian, Patrick Edwards, Florence K L Tangka, Mona Saraiya
BACKGROUND: This report describes the resources required to support the integrated approach of the Barbados National Registry for Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (BNR) to non-communicable disease (NCD) case registration, and to identify differences in cost for collecting and maintaining information on cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) case registration. METHODS: We used the modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's International Registry Costing Tool to collect data from the CVD and cancer registries...
November 16, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863813/worldwide-trends-in-blood-pressure-from-1975-to-2015-a-pooled-analysis-of-1479-population-based-measurement-studies-with-19%C3%A2-1-million-participants
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. METHODS: For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older...
November 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855861/engaging-the-private-sector-to-strengthen-ncd-prevention-and-control
#14
Luke Allen, Ashley Bloomfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853193/population-prevalence-of-edentulism-and-its-association-with-depression-and-self-rated-health
#15
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Josep Maria Haro, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Vanessa Chrepa, Georgios A Kotsakis
Edentulism is associated with various adverse health outcomes but treatment options in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Data on its prevalence and its effect on mental health and overall-health is lacking, especially from LMICs. Self-reported data on complete edentulism obtained by standardized questionnaires on 201,953 adults aged ≥18 years from 50 countries which participated in the World Health Survey (WHS) 2002-2004 were analyzed. Age and sex-standarized edentulism prevalence ranged from 0...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852264/social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-self-reported-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-brazil-national-health-survey-2013
#16
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Celia Landman Szwarcwald, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
BACKGROUND: Considering the high socioeconomic inequalities in Brazil related to occurrence of morbidity and premature mortality, the objective of this study was to analyze inequalities in self-reported prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) and in the physical limitations caused by these diseases, among the Brazilian adult population, according to sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study that analyzed information on 60,202 individuals who formed a representative sample of Brazilian adults interviewed for the National Health Survey 2013...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846245/non-communicable-disease-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-brazil-a-systematic-assessment-of-methodological-quality-and-transparency
#17
Caroline de Godoi Rezende Costa Molino, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber, Eliane Ribeiro, Daniela Oliveira de Melo
BACKGROUND: Annually, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 38 million people worldwide, with low and middle-income countries accounting for three-quarters of these deaths. High-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are fundamental to improving NCD management. The present study evaluated the methodological rigor and transparency of Brazilian CPGs that recommend pharmacological treatment for the most prevalent NCDs. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search for CPGs of the following NCDs: asthma, atrial fibrillation, benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and/or stable angina, dementia, depression, diabetes, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832776/mapping-genetic-research-in-non-communicable-disease-publications-in-selected-arab-countries-first-step-towards-a-guided-research-agenda
#18
REVIEW
Zeina Jamaluddine, Abla Mehio Sibai, Shahd Othman, Soha Yazbek
BACKGROUND: In the Arab world, intervention and policy response to non-communicable diseases (NCD) has been weak despite extensive epidemiological evidence highlighting the alarmingly increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Generating genetic information is one key component to promote efficient disease management strategies. This study undertook a scoping review to generate the profile of the undertaken research on genetics of NCD publications in selected Arab countries. An analysis of the research produced examined the extent, range, nature, topic and methods of published research...
November 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818410/u-s-associated-pacific-islands-health-care-teams-chart-a-course-for-improved-health-systems-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-non-communicable-disease-collaborative-model
#19
Gwendolyn M Hosey, Augusta Rengiil, Robert Maddison, Angelica U Agapito, Kipier Lippwe, Omengkar Damien Wally, Dennis D Agapito, Johannes Seremai, Selma Primo, X-Ner Luther, Edolem Ikerdeu, Dawn Satterfield
The burden of non-communicable disease (NCD) is increasing in the U.S. Associated Pacific Islands (USAPI). We describe the implementation and evaluation of a NCD Collaborative pilot, using local trainers, as an evidence-based strategy to systematically strengthen NCD health care quality and outcomes, focusing on diabetes preventive care across five health systems in the region.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814369/non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-among-employees-and-their-families-of-a-saudi-university-an-epidemiological-study
#20
Rasmieh Alzeidan, Fatemeh Rabiee, Ahmed Mandil, Ahmad Hersi, Amel Fayed
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factors among Saudi university employees and their families; to estimate the cardiovascular risk (CVR) amongst the study population in the following 10years. METHODS: The NCD risk factors prevalence was estimated using a cross-sectional approach for a sample of employees and their families aged ≥ 18 years old, in a Saudi university (Riyadh in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; KSA). WHO STEPwise standardized tools were used to estimate NCD risk factors and the Framingham Coronary Heart Risk Score calculator was used to calculate the CVR...
2016: PloS One
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