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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411689/moutan-cortex-and-paeoniae-radix-rubra-reverse-high-fat-diet-induced-metabolic-disorder-and-restore-gut-microbiota-homeostasis
#1
Ling-Jun Zhong, Zhi-Sheng Xie, Hua Yang, Ping Li, Xiao-Jun Xu
The present study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effcts of Moutan Cortex (CM, root bark of Paeonia suffruticosa Andr) and Paeoniae Radix Rubra (PR, root of Paeonia veitchii Lynch) on metabolic disorders, focusing on the infuence of CM and PR on the obesity-related gut microbiota homeostasis. The diet-induced obese (DIO) mouse model was used to test the therapeutic effects of CM and PR. The mice were orally administered with CM and PR for 6 weeks, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed to evaluate the insulin sensitivity of the mice...
March 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410489/the-contribution-of-urbanization-to-non-communicable-diseases-evidence-from-173-countries-from-1980-to-2008
#2
Yevgeniy Goryakin, Lorenzo Rocco, Marc Suhrcke
It is widely believed that the expanding burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is in no small part the result of major macro-level determinants. We use a large amount of new data, to explore in particular the role played by urbanization - the process of the population shifting from rural to urban areas within countries - in affecting four important drivers of NCDs world-wide: diabetes prevalence, as well as average body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol level and systolic blood pressure. Urbanization is seen by many as a double-edged sword: while its beneficial economic effects are widely acknowledged, it is commonly alleged to produce adverse side effects for NCD-related health outcomes...
March 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408904/occurrence-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-in-donkeys-equus-asinus-in-china-a-public-health-concern
#3
Dong-Mei Yue, Jian-Gang Ma, Fa-Cai Li, Jun-Ling Hou, Wen-Bin Zheng, Quan Zhao, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an important zoonotic parasite. It can infect virtually all animal species and has a global distribution. However, the prevalence of E. bieneusi in donkeys (Equus asinus) has only been reported in Algeria and Spain, and no information is available concerning genotypes of E. bieneusi in donkeys worldwide. In the present study, a total of 301 donkey fecal samples (48 from Jilin Province, 224 from Shandong Province and 29 from Liaoning Province) were collected and examined by PCR amplification of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#4
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399566/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-in-6-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-world-health-organization-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#5
Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Uttamacharya, Paul Kowal, Benjamin D Capistrant, Theresa E Gildner, Elizabeth Thiele, Richard B Biritwum, Alfred E Yawson, George Mensah, Tamara Maximova, Fan Wu, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Sebastiana Zimba Kalula, Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Melissa A Liebert, Geeta Eick, Kirstin N Sterner, Tyler M Barrett, Kwabena Duedu, Ernest Gonzales, Nawi Ng, Joel Negin, Yong Jiang, Julie Byles, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Nadia Minicuci, J Josh Snodgrass, Nirmala Naidoo, Somnath Chatterji
In this paper, we examine patterns of self-reported diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and prevalences of algorithm/measured test-based, undiagnosed, and untreated NCDs in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. Nationally representative samples of older adults aged ≥50 years were analyzed from wave 1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010; n = 34,149). Analyses focused on 6 conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, depression, and hypertension...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396693/prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-access-to-health-care-and-medications-among-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#6
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and medications. This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: The study covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395951/prevalence-and-determinants-of-comorbid-diabetes-and-hypertension-evidence-from-non-communicable-disease-risk-factor-steps-survey-india
#7
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sanjay Jain
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Comorbidity of non-communicable diseases carries a significant risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. With the rising burden of diabetes, hypertension and other risk factors, and ageing population in India, this is likely to pose a major threat to the health system. It is therefore essential to understand this high risk group. This article reports prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension and its associated risk factors in the North Indian state of Punjab...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393128/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-among-farmworkers-in-southeastern-anatolia-of-turkey
#8
Zeynep Simsek, Ayşana Zehra Keklik, Canan Demir, Kerim M Munir
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems represent a major component of the global burden of disease. The primary objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of psychological wellbeing among farmworkers and to evaluate their mental health services need for in rural primary health care settings. METHODS: The study sample comprised 1855 farmworkers (918 women, and 937 men) who were selected using probability cluster sampling method at 95% confidence interval (87...
January 2017: Int J Environ Agric Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382453/metabolic-adaptation-to-the-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-moringa-oleifera-lam-supplemented-diet-is-related-to-the-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#9
Xiaoyu Gao, Qiuhong Xie, Ling Liu, Ping Kong, Jun Sheng, Hongyu Xiang
The aqueous leaf extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. (LM-A) is reported to have many health beneficial bioactivities and no obvious toxicity, but have mild adverse effects. Little is known about the mechanism of these reported adverse effects. Notably, there has been no report about the influence of LM-A on intestinal microecology. In this study, animal experiments were performed to explore the relationships between metabolic adaptation to an LM-A-supplemented diet and gut microbiota changes. After 8-week feeding with normal chow diet, the body weight of mice entered a stable period, and one of the group received daily doses of 750-mg/kg body weight LM-A by gavage for 4 weeks (assigned as LM); the other group received the vehicle (assigned as NCD)...
April 5, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381252/tracing-africa-s-progress-towards-implementing-the-non-communicable-diseases-global-action-plan-2013-2020-a-synthesis-of-who-country-profile-reports
#10
Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Karien Stronks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Andre Pascal Kengne, Charles Agyemang
BACKGROUND: Half of the estimated annual 28 million non-communicable diseases (NCDs) deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributed to weak health systems. Current health policy responses to NCDs are fragmented and vertical particularly in the African region. The World Health Organization (WHO) led NCDs Global action plan 2013-2020 has been recommended for reducing the NCD burden but it is unclear whether Africa is on track in its implementation. This paper synthesizes Africa's progress towards WHO policy recommendations for reducing the NCD burden...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378847/developmental-origins-of-type-2-diabetes-a-perspective-from-china
#11
REVIEW
R C W Ma, K Y Tsoi, W H Tam, C K C Wong
There has been a marked increase in the prevalence of diabetes in Asia, including China, over the last few decades. While the increased prevalence of diabetes has often been attributed to the nutritional transition associated with recent economic development, emerging data suggest that early-life exposures also play a major role in shaping developmental trajectories, and contributes to alter an individual's susceptibility to diabetes and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Early-life exposures such as in utero exposure to undernutrition has been consistently linked with later risk of diabetes and obesity...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377704/electroencephalography-eeg-in-the-study-of-equivalence-class-formation-an-explorative-study
#12
Erik Arntzen, Hanna S Steingrimsdottir
Teaching arbitrary conditional discriminations and testing for derived relations may be essential for understanding changes in cognitive skills. Such conditional discrimination procedures are often used within stimulus equivalence research. For example, the participant is taught AB and BC relations and tested if emergent relations as BA, CB, AC and CA occur. The purpose of the current explorative experiment was to study stimulus equivalence class formation in older adults with electroencephalography (EEG) recordings as an additional measure...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377390/translating-the-who-25%C3%A3-25-goals-into-a-uk-context-the-promise-modelling-study
#13
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough
OBJECTIVE: Model the impact of targets for obesity, diabetes, raised blood pressure, tobacco use, salt intake, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol use, as outlined in the Global Non-Communicable Disease Action Plan 2013-2020, on mortality and morbidity in the UK population. DESIGN: Dynamic population modelling study. SETTING: UK population. PARTICIPANTS: Not available. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality and morbidity (years lived with disability) from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) that are averted or delayed...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376833/impact-of-school-policies-on-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#14
Ankur Singh, Shalini Bassi, Gaurang P Nazar, Kiran Saluja, MinHae Park, Sanjay Kinra, Monika Arora
BACKGROUND: Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are identified as one of the leading causes of mortality. NCDs have several modifiable risk factors including unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and alcohol abuse. Schools provide ideal settings for health promotion, but the effectiveness of school policies in the reduction of risk factors for NCD is not clear. This study reviewed the literature on the impact of school policies on major NCD risk factors. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify, collate and synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of school policies on reduction of NCD risk factors...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#15
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364127/-two-level-measurements-of-processing-speed-as-cognitive-markers-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-dsm-5-mild-neurocognitive-disorders-ncd
#16
Hanna Lu, Sandra S M Chan, Linda C W Lam
Processing speed is an updated diagnostic factor for neurocognitive disorders (NCD) in DSM-5. This study investigated the characteristics of processing speed and their diagnostic values in NCD patients. A flanker test was conducted in 31 adults with NCD due to vascular disease (NCD-vascular), 36 patients with NCD due to Alzheimer's disease (NCD-AD), and 137 healthy controls. The processing speed was evaluated using two measurements: mean reaction time (RT) and intra-individual variability of RT. Mean RT represents the global processing speed...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359382/critical-assessment-of-the-research-outcomes-of-european-birth-cohorts-linking-environmental-factors-with-non-communicable-diseases
#17
REVIEW
P Piler, V Kandrnal, L Bláha
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review paper was to stimulate collaborative discussions toward the development of a general concept of an open source protocol for a feasible and efficient longitudinal birth cohort study exploring non-communicable diseases (NCDs), their multifactorial etiology and relations between various risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: The present paper systematically reviews the design of existing birth cohorts in Europe containing environmental exposure data, and assesses a quantity and quality of their research outcomes as their potential to be an effective tool for studying non-communicable diseases and their risk factors...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355647/prevalence-of-physical-and-mental-non-communicable-diseases-in-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#18
Tim Huijts, Per Stornes, Terje A Eikemo, Clare Bambra
Previous studies examining physical and mental non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Europe have so far largely either focused on limited numbers of countries or on fairly limited ranges of NCDs, with mental health in particular often being ignored. This article has three aims: (i) To provide a recent, comprehensive overview of a broad range of NCDs across a range of countries in all European regions; (ii) To give an overview of measures of physical and mental health in the new special rotating module in the European Social Survey (ESS); and (iii) To offer the first comprehensive comparison of estimates on physical and mental NCDs across European countries in this new promising data source...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349245/effect-of-miglitol-on-the-suppression-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-development-and-improvement-of-the-gut-environment-in-a-rodent-model
#19
Yumi Kishida, Hirofumi Okubo, Haruya Ohno, Kenji Oki, Masayasu Yoneda
BACKGROUND: The gut environment has been considered to play a role in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). α-glucosidase inhibitors (α-GIs) delay carbohydrate absorption and may change the gut environment. We considered that the protective effect of α-GIs against NASH development is related to changes in the gut environment and thus investigated the effects of miglitol, an α-GI, on NASH development and the gut environment. METHODS: Mice were divided into three groups and fed a normal chow diet (NCD), a high-fat high-sucrose diet (HFHSD), or HFHSD plus 0...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344695/are-we-adequately-preparing-the-next-generation-of-physicians-to-prescribe-exercise-as-prevention-and-treatment-residents-express-the-desire-for-more-training-in-exercise-prescription
#20
Kara Solmundson, Michael Koehle, Donald McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a key intervention for chronic disease, yet few physicians provide exercise prescription (EP). EP is an important component in larger strategies of reducing non-communicable disease (NCD). Our objective was to assess Family Medicine Residents (FMR) knowledge, competence, and perspectives of EP to help inform future curriculum development. METHODS: A 49-item cross-sectional survey was administered to 396 University of British Columbia FMR...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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