keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NCD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299033/the-association-of-age-and-gender-with-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-employees-in-west-of-iran
#1
Nahid Khademi, Mehran Babanejad, Atefeh Asadmobini, Hossein Karim
BACKGROUND: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. METHODS: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293830/hypertension-from-basic-research-to-clinical-practice
#2
Md Shahidul Islam
Hypertension increases the risks of end-organ injury, maternal/fetal vulnerability, and total mortality. Throughout the world, it kills about 7.5 million people every year. During 1975-2015, the number of adults with hypertension increased from 594 million to more than 1.1 billion, mostly due to the increase in the low-income and middle-income countries (NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2016, Lancet 15 Nov, 2016).
March 15, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290823/-prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-disease-in-kyrgyzstan-assessment-using-who-steps-approach
#3
T A A, S A Makhmutkhodzhaev, R B Kydyralieva, A T Altymysheva, R S Dzhakipova, K S Zhorupbekova, S T Ryskulova, V G Knyazeva, M T Kaliev, A S Dzhumagulova
Assessment of prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) based on WHO "STEPS" approach was conducted in Kyrgyzstan. Results of this study demonstrated high prevalence of NCD risk factors: 94.2% of subjects aged 24-64 years had risk factors. Prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 48.7, smoking - 25.7, hypercholesterolemia - 23.6, excessive alcohol consumption - 31.4, physical inactivity 11.4, obesity - 23.1, elevated glucose level - 4.5, diabetes - 8.8, inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables - 74%...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289053/vegf165-induced-vascular-permeability-requires-nrp1-for-abl-mediated-src-family-kinase-activation
#4
Alessandro Fantin, Anastasia Lampropoulou, Valentina Senatore, James T Brash, Claudia Prahst, Clemens A Lange, Sidath E Liyanage, Claudio Raimondi, James W Bainbridge, Hellmut G Augustin, Christiana Ruhrberg
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) isoform VEGF165 stimulates vascular growth and hyperpermeability. Whereas blood vessel growth is essential to sustain organ health, chronic hyperpermeability causes damaging tissue edema. By combining in vivo and tissue culture models, we show here that VEGF165-induced vascular leakage requires both VEGFR2 and NRP1, including the VEGF164-binding site of NRP1 and the NRP1 cytoplasmic domain (NCD), but not the known NCD interactor GIPC1. In the VEGF165-bound receptor complex, the NCD promotes ABL kinase activation, which in turn is required to activate VEGFR2-recruited SRC family kinases (SFKs)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286697/prevalence-of-hypertension-among-patients-attending-mobile-medical-clinics-in-the-philippines-after-typhoon-haiyan
#5
Linda Meta Mobula, Mary Lou Fisher, Nathan Lau, Abi Estelle, Tom Wood, William Plyler
INTRODUCTION: On November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines, causing a humanitarian emergency. According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are the leading cause of death and disability around the world. NCDs kill 38 million people each year.  Sixteen million NCD deaths occur before the age of 70; 82% of which occurred in low- and middle-income countries.  NCDs are further exacerbated during a crisis, and addressing them should be a concern of any medical disaster response...
December 20, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282929/bioactive-peptide-of-marine-origin-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-non-communicable-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Ratih Pangestuti, Se-Kwon Kim
Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The four main leading causes of NCD are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases and diabetes. Recognizing the devastating impact of NCD, novel prevention and treatment strategies are extensively sought. Marine organisms are considered as an important source of bioactive peptides that can exert biological functions to prevent and treatment of NCD. Recent pharmacological investigations reported cardio protective, anticancer, antioxidative, anti-diabetic, and anti-obesity effects of marine-derived bioactive peptides...
March 9, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282852/developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-a-lifecourse-approach-to-the-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Janis Baird, Chandni Jacob, Mary Barker, Caroline H D Fall, Mark Hanson, Nicholas C Harvey, Hazel M Inskip, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Cyrus Cooper
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis, affect individuals in all countries worldwide. Given the very high worldwide prevalence of NCDs across a range of human pathology, it is clear that traditional approaches targeting those at most risk in older adulthood will not efficiently ameliorate this growing burden. It will thus be essential to robustly identify determinants of NCDs across the entire lifecourse and, subsequently, appropriate interventions at every stage to reduce an individual's risk of developing these conditions...
March 8, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278754/non-communicable-diseases-and-human-rights-global-synergies-gaps-and-opportunities
#8
Laura Ferguson, Daniel Tarantola, Michael Hoffmann, Sofia Gruskin
The incorporation of human rights in health policy and programmes is known to strengthen responses to health problems and help address disparities created or exacerbated by illness yet this remains underexplored in relation to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Aiming to understand existing synergies and how they might be further strengthened, we assessed the extent to which human rights are considered in global NCD policies and strategies and the degree of attention given to NCDs by select United Nations human rights mechanisms...
March 28, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274966/pattern-correlates-and-implications-of-non-communicable-disease-multimorbidity-among-older-adults-in-selected-indian-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
G K Mini, K R Thankappan
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to estimate the proportion of older adults with non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity, its correlates and implications in selected Indian states. METHODS: The study used data of 9852 older adults (≥60 years) (men 47%, mean age 68 years) collected by the United Nations Population Fund from seven selected Indian states. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess the correlates of NCD multimorbidity and hospitalisation...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274382/legal-priorities-for-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases-innovations-from-who-s-eastern-mediterranean-region
#10
REVIEW
L O Gostin, H Abou-Taleb, S A Roache, A Alwan
OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally and in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). This paper reports on a research collaboration between the WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Office (EMRO) and the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University that aims to identify (1) regionally relevant, cost-effective and affordable legal interventions to prevent NCDs, and (2) methods to strengthen implementation and enforcement...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271872/barriers-to-and-opportunities-for-palliative-care-development-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#11
REVIEW
Ibtihal Fadhil, Gemma Lyons, Sheila Payne
The 22 countries of WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Region are experiencing an increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer. Of the six WHO regions, the Eastern Mediterranean Region is projected to have the greatest increase in cancer incidence in the next 15 years. Furthermore, most cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, resulting in a lower cancer survival rate than in the European Region and the Region of the Americas. With increasing numbers of deaths from cancer, palliative care should be available to relieve suffering in patients with advanced disease and at the end of life...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264458/maternal-low-protein-diet-modulates-glucose-metabolism-and-hepatic-micrornas-expression-in-the-early-life-of-offspring-%C3%A2
#12
Jia Zheng, Xinhua Xiao, Qian Zhang, Tong Wang, Miao Yu, Jianping Xu
Emerging studies revealed that maternal protein restriction was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. However, the mechanisms of its effects on offspring, especially during early life of offspring, are poorly understood. Here, it is hypothesized that impaired metabolic health in offspring from maternal low-protein diet (LPD) is associated with perturbed miRNAs expression in offspring as early as the weaning age. We examined the metabolic effects on the C57BL/6J mice male offspring at weaning from dams fed with LPD or normal chow diet (NCD) throughout pregnancy and lactation...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259179/evaluation-of-a-research-diagnostic-algorithm-for-dsm-5-neurocognitive-disorders-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-older-adults
#13
Ranmalee Eramudugolla, Moyra E Mortby, Perminder Sachdev, Chantal Meslin, Rajeev Kumar, Kaarin J Anstey
BACKGROUND: There is little information on the application and impact of revised criteria for diagnosing dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), now termed major and mild neurocognitive disorders (NCDs) in the DSM-5. We evaluate a psychometric algorithm for diagnosing DSM-5 NCDs in a community-dwelling sample, and characterize the neuropsychological and functional profile of expert-diagnosed DSM-5 NCDs relative to DSM-IV dementia and International Working Group criteria for MCI...
March 4, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237992/prevalence-rates-of-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-are-affected-by-the-diagnostic-parameter-changes-for-neurocognitive-disorders-in-the-dsm-5-in-a-korean-population
#14
Ji Won Han, Yoonseop So, Tae Hui Kim, Dong Young Lee, Seung-Ho Ryu, Seong Yoon Kim, Shin Gyeom Kim, Shin-Kyum Kim, Jong Chul Youn, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Jeong Lan Kim, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Kyung Phil Kwak, Seok Woo Moon, Bong Jo Kim, Jae Nam Bae, Jong Inn Woo, Hyeon Jeong, Joon Hyuk Park, You Joung Kim, Ki Woong Kim
AIM: To examine the impact of the revised diagnostic criteria for neurocognitive disorders (NCDs) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) on the prevalence of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: A total of 755 participants aged 65 years or older in the Nationwide Survey on Dementia Epidemiology in Korea 2012 were rediagnosed according to the DSM-5 criteria. RESULTS: The estimated age-, gender-, education-, and urbanicity-standardized prevalence rates of major and mild NCDs were 8...
February 25, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235324/you-can-treat-my-hiv-but-can-you-treat-my-blood-pressure-availability-of-integrated-hiv-and-non-communicable-disease-care-in-northern-malawi
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Colin Pfaff, Vera Scott, Risa Hoffman, Beatrice Mwagomba
BACKGROUND: Many patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi have or will develop non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current capacity of ART sites to provide care for NCDs is not known. AIM: This study aimed to assess the capacity of ART sites to provide care for hypertension and diabetes in rural Malawi. SETTING: Twenty-five health centres and five hospitals in two rural districts in northern Malawi. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed between March and May 2014 at all facilities...
February 15, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199741/melatonin-prevents-obesity-through-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#16
Pengfei Xu, Jialin Wang, Fan Hong, Sheng Wang, Xi Jin, Tingting Xue, Li Jia, Yonggong Zhai
Excess weight and obesity are severe public health threats worldwide. Recent evidence demonstrates that gut microbiota dysbiosis contributes to obesity and its comorbidities. The body weight-reducing and energy balancing effects of melatonin have been reported in several studies, but to date, no investigations toward examining whether the beneficial effects of melatonin are associated with gut microbiota have been carried out. In this study, we show that melatonin reduces body weight, liver steatosis, and low-grade inflammation as well as improving insulin resistance in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199042/global-effects-of-income-and-income-inequality-on-adult-height-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-height
#17
Barry Bogin, Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen
OBJECTIVES: Average adult height of a population is considered a biomarker of the quality of the health environment and economic conditions. The causal relationships between height and income inequality are not well understood. We analyze data from 169 countries for national average heights of men and women and national-level economic factors to test two hypotheses: (1) income inequality has a greater association with average adult height than does absolute income; and (2) neither income nor income inequality has an effect on sexual dimorphism in height...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194950/pinpoint-the-positions-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-by-a-nanocluster-dimer
#18
Jie Liu, Yuexiang Lu, Lu Feng, Song Wang, Shixi Zhang, Xuewei Zhu, Linfeng Sheng, Sichun Zhang, Xinrong Zhang
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most fundamental internal causes for many genetic diseases. However, the location information on SNPs in a specific DNA sequence is not well acquired through current SNPs detection methods, except for accurate DNA sequencing. Here we report a fluorescence enhancement phenomenon in the process of two silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) approaching closely to form a nanocluster dimer (NCD). The fluorescence intensity is sensitive to the distance between two AgNCs; therefore, the NCD lights into different fluorescence intensities upon binding SNPs targets with mismatched bases at different positions...
February 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174394/-past-present-and-future-of-national-clinical-database
#19
Tadashi Iwanaka
The National Clinical Database of Japan( NCD) was established in April 2010 in the collaboration of 9 surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society(JSS). Registrations began in 2011, and because NCD is strongly linked to the board certification system by JSS, the ratio of registration of surgical procedures is very high, over than 97%. To date, more than 4,000 facilities have enrolled and over 7 million cases were registered over a 5-year period. The analyses of NCD are compared to the foreign database, such as American College of Surgeon National Surgical Quality Improvement Program in the gastrointestinal (GI) surgical field, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database in the cardiovascular surgical field, with a goal of creating a standardized surgery database for quality improvement...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170413/baseline-assessment-of-who-s-target-for-both-availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-to-treat-non-communicable-diseases
#20
Margaret Ewen, Marjolein Zweekhorst, Barbara Regeer, Richard Laing
BACKGROUND: WHO has set a voluntary target of 80% availability of affordable essential medicines, including generics, to treat major non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in the public and private sectors of countries by 2025. We undertook a secondary analysis of data from 30 surveys in low- and middle-income countries, conducted from 2008-2015 using the World Health Organization (WHO)/Health Action International (HAI) medicine availability and price survey methodology, to establish a baseline for this target...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
53784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"