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Wei Chen, Yingquan Chen, Haiping Yang, Mingwei Xia, Kaixu Li, Xu Chen, Hanping Chen
Co-pyrolysis of biomass has a potential to change the quality of pyrolytic bio-oil. In this work, co-pyrolysis of bamboo, a typical lignocellulosic biomass, and Nannochloropsis sp. (NS), a microalgae, was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at a range of mixing ratio of NS and bamboo, to find out whether the quality of pyrolytic bio-oil was improved. A significant improvement on bio-oil after co-pyrolysis of bamboo and NS was observed that bio-oil yield increased up to 66.63wt% (at 1:1) and the content of long-chain fatty acids in bio-oil also dramatically increased (the maximum up to 50...
September 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Zhidong Pan, Ying Huang, Yanmin Wang, Zhiwei Wu
The Nannochloropsis sp. cells in aqueous solution were disintegrated in an improved bead mill with turbine agitator. The disintegration rates of cell samples disrupted under various operating parameters (i.e., circumferential speed, bead size, disintegration time, and cell concentration) were analyzed. An experimental strategy to optimize the parameters affecting the cell disintegration process was proposed. The results show that Nannochloropsis sp. cells can be effectively disintegrated in the turbine stirred bead mill under the optimum condition (i...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Xiaonian Ma, Lina Yao, Bo Yang, Yuan Kun Lee, Feng Chen, Jin Liu
Oleaginous microalgae have been emerging as the third-generation feedstocks for biofuel production. Genetic manipulation for improving triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation represents a promising approach towards the economics of microalgal biofuels. Acetyl-CoA, the essential carbon precursor for de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, can be derived from pyruvate catalyzed by pyruvate dehydrogenase, which is negatively regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK). In the present study, we characterized a PDK gene (NsPDK) from Nannochloropsis salina...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ikumi Umetani, Motoshi Kunugi, Makio Yokono, Atsushi Takabayashi, Ayumi Tanaka
Diverse light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) have been found in photosynthetic microalgae that originated from secondary endosymbiosis involving primary red algae. However, the associations between LHCs and photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) in these microalgae are not fully understood. Eustigmatophyta is a red algal lineage that appears to have a unique organization in its photosynthetic machinery, consisting of only chlorophyll a and carotenoids that are atypical compared with other closely related groups...
August 30, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
Che Zhang, Yumei Xiao, Yongqiang Ma, Baoming Li, Zhidan Liu, Cheng Lu, Xue Liu, Yao Wei, Zhangbing Zhu, Yuanhui Zhang
The challenge of controlling algal blooms and reusing algal biomass remain unsolved worldwide. We introduce a facile method to reuse Nannochloropsis biocrude oil (NBO) for the synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots (N-S-C-dots). N-S-C-dots can pass through the heavily thickened wall of mature Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) guard cells because of high solubility and excellent biocompatibility. N-S-C-dots exhibit multicolor luminescence and could effectively reduce the interference of autofluorescence in plant cells by changing filters...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Andrea Bernardi, Andreas Nikolaou, Andrea Meneghesso, Benoît Chachuat, Tomas Morosinotto, Fabrizio Bezzo
The development of mathematical models capable of accurate predictions of the photosynthetic productivity of microalgae under variable light conditions is paramount to the development of large-scale production systems. The process of photoacclimation is particularly important in outdoor cultivation systems, whereby seasonal variation of the light irradiance can greatly influence microalgae growth. This paper presents a dynamic model that captures the effect of photoacclimation on the photosynthetic production...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Juliette Jouhet, Josselin Lupette, Olivier Clerc, Leonardo Magneschi, Mariette Bedhomme, Séverine Collin, Sylvaine Roy, Eric Maréchal, Fabrice Rébeillé
Methods to analyze lipidomes have considerably evolved, more and more based on mass spectrometry technics (LC-MS/MS). However, accurate quantifications using these methods require 13C-labeled standards for each lipid, which is not feasible because of the very large number of molecules. Thus, quantifications rely on standard molecules representative of a whole class of lipids, which might lead to false estimations of some molecular species. Here, we determined and compared glycerolipid distributions from three different types of cells, two microalgae (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Nannochloropsis gaditana) and one higher plant (Arabidopsis thaliana), using either LC-MS/MS or Thin Layer Chromatography coupled with Gas Chromatography (TLC-GC), this last approach relying on the precise quantification of the fatty acids present in each glycerolipid class...
2017: PloS One
Rajdeep Shakya, Sushil Adhikari, Ravishankar Mahadevan, Saravanan R Shanmugam, Hyungseok Nam, El Barbary Hassan, Thomas A Dempster
Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of nine algae species were performed at two reaction temperatures (280 and 320°C) to compare the effect of their biomass composition on product yields and properties. Results obtained after HTL indicate large variations in terms of bio-oil yields and its properties. The maximum bio-oil yield (66wt%) was obtained at 320°C with a high lipid containing algae Nannochloropsis. The higher heating value of bio-oils ranged from 31 to 36MJ/kg and around 50% of the bio-oils was in the vacuum gas oil range while high lipid containing algae Nannochloropsis contained a significant portion (33-42%) in the diesel range...
July 11, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Salim Gabriel Pavón-Suriano, Luis Alfredo Ortega-Clemente, Sergio Curiel-Ramírez, María Isabel Jiménez-García, Ignacio Alejandro Pérez-Legaspi, Paula Natalia Robledo-Narváez
The production of biofuels from microalgae is a promising and sustainable alternative. Its production is determined by the content of lipids and carbohydrates, which is different for each microalgae species and is affected by environmental factors, being lighting one of the principal determining their biochemical composition. The colour temperature (electromagnetic radiation and light spectrum) is a determining factor for the production of lipids and carbohydrates in microalgae. The aim of this assay was to evaluate the effect of three colour temperatures (6500, 10,000 and 20,000 °K) on the biomass (cel mL(-1)), biomass production and productivity (g L(-1) and g L(-1) day(-1)), lipid and carbohydrate content (%), lipid and carbohydrate production and productivity (mg L(-1) and mg L(-1) day(-1)), composition and content of fatty acids (%) in two microalgae species: Dunaliella salina and Nannochloropsis oculata...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Chongchong Wu, Ye Xiao, Weiguo Lin, Junying Zhu, Hector De la Hoz Siegler, Mingsheng Zong, Junfeng Rong
An efficient approach involving surfactant treatment, or the modification and utilization of surfactants that naturally occur in algae (algal-based surfactants), was developed to assist in the extraction of lipids from wet algae. Surfactants were found to be able to completely replace polar organic solvents in the extraction process. The highest yield of algal lipids extracted by hexane and algal-based surfactants was 78.8%, followed by 78.2% for hexane and oligomeric surfactant extraction, whereas the lipid yield extracted by hexane and ethanol was only 60...
July 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Patrick K Thomas, Gary P Dunn, Maxine Passero, Kevin P Feris
Cost-effective methods for protecting crops from grazing organisms like rotifers are needed to reduce the risk of pond crashes in mass algal cultures. We present a novel strategy to optimize the exposure time to free ammonia, via control of media pH, in both defined media and dairy anaerobic digester effluent to suppress rotifers and maintain algal productivity. We tested five different free ammonia exposure times (0, 1, 2, 6, and 12h) and found a significant nonlinear effect of exposure time (p<0.0001) but not pH (p>0...
July 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Seok Won Jeong, Seung Won Nam, Kwon HwangBo, Won Joong Jeong, Byeong-Ryool Jeong, Yong Keun Chang, Youn-Il Park
Microalgal photosynthesis provides energy and carbon-containing precursors for the biosynthesis of storage carbohydrates such as starch, chrysolaminarin, lipids, and cell wall components. Under mild nitrogen deficiency (N-), some Nannochloropsis species accumulate lipid by augmenting cytosolic fatty acid biosynthesis with a temporary increase in laminarin. Accordingly, biosynthesis of the cellulose-rich cell wall should change in response to N- stress because this biosynthetic pathway begins with utilisation of the hexose phosphate pool supplied from photosynthesis...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mette Sørensen, Yangyang Gong, Fridrik Bjarnason, Ghana K Vasanth, Dalia Dahle, Mark Huntley, Viswanath Kiron
Defatted microalgal biomass derived from biorefinery can be potential feed ingredients for carnivorous fish. The present study investigated the growth, feed intake:gain and health parameters in Atlantic salmon fed for 84 days with defatted Nannochloropsis oceania as a fishmeal replacer. Fish fed feeds containing the algal biomass (at 10 and 20% inclusion, alga groups) were compared with groups that consumed alga-devoid feeds (control group). The fish that received 20% alga tended to have reduced weight gain and specific growth rate...
2017: PloS One
Emma Teuling, Peter A Wierenga, Johan W Schrama, Harry Gruppen
Photosynthetic unicellular organisms are considered as promising alternative protein sources. The aim of this study is to understand the extent to which these green sources differ with respect to their gross composition and how these differences affect the final protein isolate. Using mild isolation techniques, proteins were extracted and isolated from four different unicellular sources (Arthrospira (spirulina) maxima, Nannochloropsis gaditana, Tetraselmis impellucida, and Scenedesmus dimorphus). Despite differences in protein contents of the sources (27-62% w/w) and in protein extractability (17-74% w/w), final protein isolates were obtained that had similar protein contents (62-77% w/w) and protein yields (3-9% w/w)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Hehong Wei, Ying Shi, Xiaonian Ma, Yufang Pan, Hanhua Hu, Yantao Li, Ming Luo, Henri Gerken, Jin Liu
BACKGROUND: Photosynthetic oleaginous microalgae are considered promising feedstocks for biofuels. The marine microalga, Nannochloropsis oceanica, has been attracting ever-increasing interest because of its fast growth, high triacylglycerol (TAG) content, and available genome sequence and genetic tools. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the last and committed step of TAG biosynthesis in the acyl-CoA-dependent pathway. Previous studies have identified 13 putative DGAT-encoding genes in the genome of N...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Manuel J Llansola-Portoles, Radek Litvin, Cristian Ilioaia, Andrew A Pascal, David Bina, Bruno Robert
Resonance Raman spectroscopy was used to evaluate pigment-binding site properties in the violaxanthin-chlorophyll-a-binding protein (VCP) from Nannochloropsis oceanica. The pigments bound to this antenna protein are chlorophyll-a, violaxanthin, and vaucheriaxanthin. The molecular structures of bound Chl-a molecules are discussed with respect to those of the plant antenna proteins LHCII and CP29, the crystal structures of which are known. We show that three populations of carotenoid molecules are bound by VCP, each of which is in an all-trans configuration...
July 4, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
Nicolás Loira, Sebastian Mendoza, María Paz Cortés, Natalia Rojas, Dante Travisany, Alex Di Genova, Natalia Gajardo, Nicole Ehrenfeld, Alejandro Maass
BACKGROUND: Nannochloropsis salina (= Eustigmatophyceae) is a marine microalga which has become a biotechnological target because of its high capacity to produce polyunsaturated fatty acids and triacylglycerols. It has been used as a source of biofuel, pigments and food supplements, like Omega 3. Only some Nannochloropsis species have been sequenced, but none of them benefit from a genome-scale metabolic model (GSMM), able to predict its metabolic capabilities. RESULTS: We present iNS934, the first GSMM for N...
July 4, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
Purificación García-Segovia, María J Pagán-Moreno, Irene F Lara, Javier Martínez-Monzó
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of different microalgae on physicochemical and textural properties of bread. Four species of microalgae Isochrysis galbana, Tetraselmis suecica, Scenedesmus almeriensis, and Nannochloropsis gaditana were used in this study. Properties such as water activity, pH, microbiological counts, viscosity, and color were analyzed to determine the effect of microalgae addition on sourdough. The technological quality of breads was analyzed in terms of physicochemical properties, color, texture profile, and porosity...
July 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
Petro Khoroshyy, David Bína, Zdenko Gardian, Radek Litvín, Jan Alster, Jakub Pšenčík
We have used time-resolved absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy with nanosecond resolution to study triplet energy transfer from chlorophylls to carotenoids in a protective process that prevents the formation of reactive singlet oxygen. The light-harvesting complexes studied were isolated from Chromera velia, belonging to a group Alveolata, and Xanthonema debile and Nannochloropsis oceanica, both from Stramenopiles. All three light-harvesting complexes are related to fucoxanthin-chlorophyll protein, but contain only chlorophyll a and no chlorophyll c...
July 1, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
Kai Liao, Wenbi Chen, Runtao Zhang, Haibo Zhou, Jilin Xu, Chengxu Zhou, Xiaojun Yan
Characterization of the feeding preferences of bivalve larvae would help improving the bivalve aquaculture and hatchery by providing appropriate microalgal diets. However, inaccurate and laborious identification and counting of microalgal species have challenged the selective feeding of bivalves. In the present study, we developed a highly specific and sensitive assay using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to assess the selective feeding of bivalve larvae based on species-specific primers targeting to microalgal 18S rDNA sequences...
2017: PloS One
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