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Isabel Cristina Vieira da Silva, Goran Kaluderovic, Pollyana Felix de Oliveira, Denise Oliveira Guimaraes, Carla Holandino Quaresma, Andrea Porzel, Michelle Frazao Muzitano, Ludger A Wessjohann, Ivana Correa Ramos Leal
The genus Passiflora is knew for food consumption mainly and it extracts present a variety of methabolites, including flavones, alkaloids and triterpenes usually correlated with their antioxidant and antitumoral activities. P. mucronata (Pm) is from Brazil South America and is characterized as "Maracujá de Restinga", being used in the folk medicine for treating insomnia and soothing. The present study evaluated in the first time, the antioxidant and cytotoxicity of the hydroalcoholic leaves extract and fractions from Pm...
March 14, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Milla-Maria Tauriainen, Ville Männistö, Dorota Kaminska, Maija Vaittinen, Vesa Kärjä, Pirjo Käkelä, Sari Venesmaa, Helena Gylling, Jussi Pihlajamäki
Background & aims : Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associates with low levels of serum plant sterols in cross-sectional studies. However, parenterally given plant sterols may lead to liver injury. In addition, it has been suggested that the hepatic sterol transport mechanisms are altered in NAFLD. Therefore, we investigated the association between serum, liver and bile plant sterols and sitostanol with NAFLD. Methods : Out of the 138 individuals (age: 46.3±8.9, BMI: 43.3±6.9 kg/m², 28% men and 72% women), 44 could be histologically categorized to have normal liver, and 94 to have NAFLD...
March 14, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Rebai Ben Ammar, Tomofumi Miyamoto, Leila Chekir-Ghedira, Kamel Ghedira, Marie-Aleth Lacaille-Dubois
From the butanolic and the ethyl acetate extracts of Rhamnus alaternus L root bark and leaves, three new anthraquinone glycosides, alaternosides A-C (1,4,6,8 tetrahydroxy-3 methyl anthraquinone 1-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-4,6-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (1); 1,2,6,8 tetrahydroxy-3 methyl anthraquinone 8-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (2) and 1, 6 dihydroxy-3 methyl 6 [2'-Me (heptoxy)] anthraquinone (3)) were isolated and elucidated together with the two known anthraquinone glycosides, Physcion-8-O-rutinoside (4) and emodin-6-O-α-L-rhamnoside (5) as well as with the known kaempferol-7-methylether (6), β-sitosterol (7) and β-sitosterol-3-O-glycoside (8)...
March 13, 2018: Natural Product Research
Hédia Manai-Djebali, Imen Oueslati, Manuel A Martínez-Cañas, Mokhtar Zarrouk, Jacinto Sánchez-Casas
The chemical composition of extra virgin olive oils (EVOOs) from six new progenies, obtained through controlled crossings between the main Tunisian variety Chemlali and autochthonous (Chemcheli) and foreign cultivars (Sigoise, Coratina, Koroneiki, and Arbequina) used as pollen acceptor or pollinator, were compared with the EVOO of Chemlali cultivar known to be the main one cultivated in Tunisia as it is the most adapted to the arid climate. Several analytical determinations of major and minor components of EVOO were employed, especially triacylglycerol and sterol fractions...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Armelle Tontsa Tsamo, Raduis Melong, Pierre Mkounga, Augustin Ephrem Nkengfack
Two new tetranorterpenoid derivatives named rubescins I (1) and J (2), were isolated along with six known compounds including rubescin D (3), lichexanthone (4), scopoletin (5), scopoletin O-glycoside (6), β-sitosterol (7) and stigmasterol (8) from the stem bark of Trichilia rubescens (Meliaceae). The structures of the compounds were determined by means of MS, different NMR and by comparison with related data reported in the literature.
March 3, 2018: Natural Product Research
Andrew Matheson, Georgios Dalkas, Rudi Mears, Stephen R Euston, Paul S Clegg
Sitosterol and oryzanol self-assemble to form very firm gels in a range of organic solvents. However, due to the formation of sitosterol hydrate crystals, these gels are unstable in the presence of water, prohibiting the dispersal of water droplets throughout the gel matrix. We demonstrate that by using glycerol as the polar phase rather than water, droplets may be dispersed throughout the oil phase without disrupting the self-assembly of the gel. As increasing volumes of water are added to the glycerol, the G' values decrease...
February 26, 2018: Soft Matter
Talita A Comunian, Marina Nogueira, Bianca Scolaro, Marcelo Thomazini, Roselayne Ferro-Furtado, Inar Alves de Castro, Carmen S Favaro-Trindade
Intake of omega-3 fatty acids and phytosterols aids in the reduction of cholesterol and serum triglycerides. However, both fatty acids and phytosterols are susceptible to oxidation. This work coencapsulated echium oil (source of stearidonic and alpha-linolenic fatty acids) and beta-sitosterol (phytosterol) by complex coacervation using different combinations of wall materials, and sinapic acid (SA) and transglutaminase as crosslinkers. High encapsulation yields were obtained (29-93% for SA; 68-100% for the mixture of oil and phytosterols) and retention of 49-99% and 16% for encapsulated and free SA, at 30 days-storage...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Michael Afolayan, Radhakrishnan Srivedavyasasri, Olayinka T Asekun, Oluwole B Familoni, Samir A Ross
Phytochemical investigation of the methanolic extract of dried leaves of Bridelia ferruginea led to the isolation and identification of fourteen compounds (1-14): compound 1 [mixture of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids], stearyl monoester of 2-O-β-ᴅ-glucosylglycerol (2), 6β-hydroxy-(20R)-24-ethylcholest-4-en-3-one (3a), 6β-hydroxy-(20R)-24-ethylcholest-4,22-dien-3-one (3b), lutein (4), vomifoliol (5), corilagin (6), kaempferide-3-O-β-ᴅ-glucoside (7), myricetin (8), isomericitrin (9), isoquercetin (10), myricitrin (11), quercitrin (12), rutin (13), and β-sitosterol glucoside (14)...
February 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
K V Nithyamol, Dwaipayan Bhattacharya, Sumana Chakravarty, U V Mallavadhani
Systematic chemical screening of the leaves ofBruguiera cylindrica, the tree mangrove of Rhizophoraceae family, afforded five single and purecompounds. Thestructures of the isolated compounds were established by their spectroscopic data astaraxerol (1), 3β-(E)-coumaroyltaraxerol (2), 3β-(Z)-coumaroyltaraxerol (3),β-sitosterol (4) and eicosanol (5).In view of significant accumulation and interesting biological activities, taraxerol (1) was chemically transformed to synthesize a series of ten cinnamyl esters in very good to excellent yields...
February 8, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Ersilia Tolino, Nevena Skroza, Alessandra Mambrin, Nicoletta Bernardini, Sara Zuber, Veronica Balduzzi, Anna Marchesiello, Ilaria Proietti, Concetta Potenza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of a complete skin care line consisting of an oral supplement in two distinct formulations for males and females, and a topical cream device in the treatment of mild and moderate acne. Oral supplements contain biotin, probiotic, vitamin E, zinc, nicotinamide; in the formulation for males beta sitosterol and boswella serrata were added, the oral supplement for females contains myo-inositol and folic acid. The topical cream device is represented by the association between active plant agents (verbascoside, ocimum gratissimum) and keratolytic molecules (salicylic acid, gluconolactone, complex alpha-hydroxy acids)...
February 7, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Ali M El-Halawany, Samir M Osman, Hossam M Abdallah
Chemical investigation of Vicia monantha subsp. monantha Retz. revealed isolation of one new hydroxy- fatty acid (6) identified as (6-Z, 10-E)-9-hydroxy henicosa-6,10-dienoic acid in addition to six known metabolites; hexadecanoic acid (1), β-sitosterol (2), β-amyrin (3), β-sitosterol-glucoside (4), 2,3-dihydroxypropyl tetradecanoate (5) and (Z)-9-hydroxypentadec-6-enoic acid (7). The cytotoxic effect of the isolated compounds was assessed by MTT assay using lung cancer A-549, prostate cancer PC3, breast cancer MCF-7, colon cancer HCT-116 and liver cancer HepG2 cell lines...
February 7, 2018: Natural Product Research
Zhe Li, Ni Ma, Pei-Ji Zhao
An endophytic fungus, Chaetomium sp. YMF432, was isolated from Huperzia serrata (Thunb. ex Murray) Trev. and subjected to phytochemical investigation based on its special environment. From the extracts of fermentation solid of strain YMF 432, eight compounds including 1-O-methylemodin (1), 5-methoxy-2-methyl-3-tricosyl-1,4-benzoquinone (2), 4,8-dihydroxy-1-tetralone (3), (3β,5α,6α, 22E)-3-hydroxy-5,6-epoxy-7-one-8(14),22-dien-ergosta (4), ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one (5), β-sitostenone (6), β-sitosterol (7) and (22E,24R)-ergosta-5,7,22 -trien-3β-ol (8) were obtained...
February 4, 2018: Natural Product Research
Mengmeng Wang, Weisu Huang, Yinzhou Hu, Liangxiao Zhang, Ya-Fang Shao, Meng Wang, Fang Zhang, Ziyan Zhao, Xiaohong Mei, Tao Li, Donghui Wang, Ying Liang, Jing Li, Yining Huang, Liuquan Zhang, Tao Xu, Huaxin Song, Yongheng Zhong, Baiyi Lu
Phytosterols are well-known for their cholesterol-lowering effects, and the structures and forms of phytosterols affect their bioactivity. We aimed to illustrate the phytosterol profiles in common foods and estimate their natural intake in five geographical regions and among different age groups in China. In total, 12 phytosterols in free and esterified forms of 119 foods from five regions across China were examined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Then, the dietary intake of phytosterols was calculated combined with the dietary foods intake data of Chinese people...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Pathom Somwong, Rutt Suttisri
OBJECTIVE: The roots of two Thai medicinal plants, Clerodendrum indicum and Clerodendrum villosum are found in traditional medicine practices. The aim of this research was to preliminarily study the cytotoxicity of extracts of their roots, and the parts that possessed cytotoxic activity were separated on a chromatograph to identify their active compounds. METHODS: The extracts of both plants were screened for cytotoxicity on the SW620 cell line and the compounds isolated from the active extracts were further evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, including SW620, ChaGo-K-1, HepG2, KATO-III and BT-474 using the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Tamilselvam Rajavel, Pandian Packiyaraj, Venkatesan Suryanarayanan, Sanjeev Kumar Singh, Kandasamy Ruckmani, Kasi Pandima Devi
β-Sitosterol (BS), a major bioactive constituent present in plants and vegetables has shown potent anticancer effect against many human cancer cells, but the underlying mechanism remain elusive on NSCLC cancers. We found that BS significantly inhibited the growth of A549 cells without harming normal human lung and PBMC cells. Further, BS treatment triggered apoptosis via ROS mediated mitochondrial dysregulation as evidenced by caspase-3 & 9 activation, Annexin-V/PI positive cells, PARP inactivation, loss of MMP, Bcl-2-Bax ratio alteration and cytochrome c release...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ramgopal Mopuri, Muniswamy Ganjayi, Balaji Meriga, Neil Anthony Koorbanally, Md Shahidul Islam
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the various parts of Ficus carica L. (figs) on antioxidant, antidiabetic, and antiobesogenic effects in vitro. Fruit, leaves, and stembark of the F. carica plant were sequentially extracted using organic and inorganic solvents and their total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were estimated. The effects of the extracts on antioxidative, antidiabetic (inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes), and antiobesogenic (antilipase) activities were measured using several experimental models...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Agnieszka Bilska, Katarzyna Waszkowiak, Martyna Błaszyk, Magdalena Rudzińska, Ryszard Kowalski
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, an increase interested of food technologists in an improvement of meat products' nutritional value, especially their lipid profile, and shelf-life is remarked. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of animal fat replacement with flaxseed oil (20%) and flaxseed extract addition (0.05%-0.25%) on the changes in composition and stability of liver pâté lipid fraction. RESULTS: Replacement of animal fat with flaxseed oil was observed to lower the saturated and monoenoic fatty acid contribution in the product fatty acid profile by around 12% as well as to raise the polyene fatty acid contribution by more than 70% when compared to the control...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Antoni Pardede, Morina Adfa, Arif Juliari Kusnanda, Masayuki Ninomiya, Mamoru Koketsu
Coreopsis lanceolata is an Asteraceous plant known to contain semiochemicals active against nematodes and leukemic agents. The objective of the study was to discover termite resistant constituents from C. lanceolata stems. Five compounds were isolated from C. lanceolata stems. These compounds were identified as 5-phenyl-2-(1-propynyl)-thiophene (1), 1-phenylhepta-1,3,5-tryne (2), β-sitosterol (3), succinic acid (4), and protocatechuic acid (5), respectively; they were confirmed by spectroscopic analysis. Their antitermitic effects were evaluated with the no-choice feeding test against Coptotermes curvignathus...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Iriny M Ayoub, Michal Korinek, Tsong-Long Hwang, Bing-Hung Chen, Fang-Rong Chang, Mohamed El-Shazly, Abdel Nasser B Singab
Dietes bicolor (Iridaceae) is an ornamental plant used by African local healers to treat diarrhea and dysentery. A new dihydroflavonol, (2R,3R)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-8-methoxyflavanone (1); two known dihydroflavonols, trans-3-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,7-methylenedioxyflavanone (2) and trans-3-hydroxy-5,7-dimethoxyflavanone (3); the known isoflavone orobol 7,3'-di-O-methyl ether (4); the known biflavones lanaroflavone (5), robustaflavone (6), and amentoflavone (7); and β-sitosterol (8) were isolated from the CH2Cl2 fraction of D...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Nisansala Swarnamali Bopage, G M Kamal Bandara Gunaherath, Kithsiri Hector Jayawardena, Sushila Chandrani Wijeyaratne, Ajita Mahendra Abeysekera, Seneviratne Somaratne
BACKGROUND: Different parts including the latex of Ficus racemosa L. has been used as a medicine for wound healing in the Ayurveda and in the indigenous system of medicine in Sri Lanka. This plant has been evaluated for its wound healing potential using animal models. The aim of this study was to obtain an insight into the wound healing process and identify the potential wound healing active substance/s present in F. racemosa L. bark using scratch wound assay (SWA) as the in-vitro assay method...
January 25, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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