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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100224/radical-scavenging-activities-of-lagerstroemia-speciosa-l-pers-petal-extracts-and-its-hepato-protection-in-ccl4-intoxicated-mice
#1
Bipransh Kumar Tiwary, Somit Dutta, Priyankar Dey, Mossaraf Hossain, Anoop Kumar, Sony Bihani, Ashis Kumar Nanda, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, Ranadhir Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. has medicinal importance. Bioactive phytochemicals isolated from different parts of L. speciosa, have revealed hypoglycemic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and hepato protective properties. Despite one report from Philippines detailing the use of L. speciosa as curative for fever and as well as diuretic, there is no experimental evidence about the hepatoprotective activity of the flower extracts. METHODS: Several spectroscopic methods, including GC-MS, were used to characterize phytochemicals present in the petal extract of L...
January 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098355/a-comparative-study-on-composition-and-antioxidant-activities-of-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-hexane-and-ethanol-extracts-from-blackberry-rubus-fruticosus-growing-in-poland
#2
Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Agnieszka Stobiecka, Radosław Bonikowski, Agnieszka Krajewska, Magdalena Sikora, Józef Kula
BACKGROUND: Large quantities of blackberry seeds are produced as a pomace during the processing of juice and jam production - this by-product is a very interesting raw material both for oil manufacturing and as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work the composition, yield and antioxidant activity of three types of Rubus fructicosus pomace extracts isolated by liquid-extraction using solvents of different polarity, as well with supercritical CO2 fluid extraction have been compared...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088325/molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-ternary-lipid-bilayers-containing-plant-sterol-and-glucosylceramide
#3
Shiva Emami, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Seyed Hadi Peighambardoust, Javad Hesari, Hadi Valizadeh, Roland Faller
An atomic-level molecular dynamics simulation was carried out to study the effects of a plant sterol (sitosterol) and glucosylceramide (GlcCer) on a 1,2-dilinoleoylposphocholine (DLiPC) membrane. Initially, a membrane containing 50mol % sitosterol was compared with that containing the same ratio of cholesterol. These simulations showed differential condensing and ordering effects of sitosterol and cholesterol, with cholesterol being slightly more efficient than sitosterol in packing the membrane more tightly to a liquid ordered phase...
January 11, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078712/comparative-study-on-fatty-acid-composition-of-olive-olea-europaea-l-with-emphasis-on-phytosterol-contents
#4
Ali Ozkan, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein, Muhittin Kulak, Recep Bindak
The present study was designed to determine the fatty acid composition and phytosterol contents of Turkish native olive cultivars namely (Kilis Yağlık and Nizip Yağlık cv.). In this context, olive fruits from thirty-four locations were sampled and then screened for their components in comparison. Fifteen different fatty acids were found in both olive oils. In the order of abundance, the most important ones were: oleic acid (18:1) > palmitic acid (16:0) > linoleic acid (18:2) > stearic acid (18:0)...
January 12, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078497/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-naravelia-zeylanica-dc-via-suppression-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-carrageenan-induced-abdominal-oedema-in-zebrafish-model
#5
Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram, Senthamil Selvan Perumal, Selvaranjani Pavadai
The traditional herbal medicines are receiving great importance in the health care sector, especially in Indian system of medicine, i.e, Ayurveda. The present study focused on the standardization of Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC in terms of its active phytochemicals and to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of ethanol extract of N. zeylanica (ENZ). An analytical method was developed by high-performance liquid chromatography for simultaneous determination of β-sitosterol, lupeol and oleanolic acid in ENZ...
January 11, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071031/study-of-variation-of-tocochromanol-and-phytosterol-contents-in-black-and-yellow-seeds-of-brassica-napus-l-doubled-haploid-populations
#6
Teresa Cegielska-Taras, Małgorzata Nogala-Kałucka, Laurencja Szala, Aleksander Siger
BACKGROUND: In the study, an analysis of tocopherols, plastochomanol-8 and phytosterols was conducted using DH lines obtained from F1 hybrids of reciprocal crosses between yellow- and black-seeded lines. METHODS: The biological material for the study consisted of two DH populations of winter oilseed rape obtained from F1 hybrids of reciprocal crosses between two DH lines: yellow- and black-seeded. Seed color was determined using a ColorFlex spectrophotometer. Fat content was determined via pulsed NMR...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071026/antiradical-capacity-and-polyphenol-composition-of-asparagus-spears-varieties-cultivated-under-different-sunlight-conditions
#7
Bartosz Kulczyński, Joanna Kobus-Cisowska, Dominik Kmiecik, Anna Gramza-Michałowska, Dorota Golczak, Józef Korczak
BACKGROUND: Asparagus officinalis has a high nutritional value. Asparagus is rich in a number of bioactive compounds, mainly flavonoids (quercetin), glutathione, vitamin C, vitamin E, fructans (inulin and fructooligosaccharides) and phytosterols (b-sitosterol). These compounds may play an important role in human health. The purpose of this study was to examine the antioxidant potential and polyphenol composition of white, pale-colored and green asparagus spears of different cultivars...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069222/ultrasound-assisted-extraction-of-bioactive-compounds-from-palm-pressed-fiber-with-high-antioxidant-and-photoprotective-activities
#8
Valéria Dal Prá, Felipe C Lunelli, Raquel Guidetti Vendruscolo, Rafael Martins, Roger Wagner, Ayres P Lazzaretti, Denise M Guimarães Freire, Maria Alexandri, Apostolis Koutinas, Marcio A Mazutti, Marcelo Barcellos da Rosa
This work is focused on the optimization of the ultrasound-assisted extraction of antioxidant compounds with photoprotective effect from palm pressed fiber. The influence of ultrasound intensity and pulse cycle was investigated by means of a central composite rotational design. The optimized condition was ultrasound intensity of 120W.cm(-2) and pulse factor of 0.4, yielding 3.24wt%. Compounds such as fatty acids, β-sitosterol, α-tocopherol, squalene, total phenolics and carotene were identified. The extract presented antioxidant activity towards synthetic (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl - DPPH, 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) - ABTS) and biological radicals (Hydroxyl - OH), besides a sun protection factor of 15...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063717/half-life-of-plasma-phytosterols-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-on-routine-parenteral-nutrition-with-vegetable-oil-based-lipid-emulsions
#9
Daniele Pupillo, Alessio Correani, Chiara Biagetti, Rita D'Ascenzo, Manuela Simonato, Giovanna Verlato, Paola Cogo, Marco B L Rocchi, Virgilio P Carnielli
BACKGROUND: Phytosterols in vegetable oil (VO)-based lipid emulsions (LE) likely contribute to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in preterm infants. No characterization of plasma phytosterol half-lives has been done in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) with LE. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 45 VLBW preterm infants who received PN underwent serial blood sample measurements of sitosterol (SITO), campesterol (CAMP), and stigmasterol (STIGM)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061888/antibacterial-activities-of-the-methanol-extract-fractions-and-compounds-from-elaeophorbia-drupifera-thonn-stapf-euphorbiaceae
#10
Igor K Voukeng, Blaise K Nganou, Louis P Sandjo, Ilhami Celik, Veronique P Beng, Pierre Tane, Victor Kuete
BACKGROUND: Elaeophorbia drupifera (Thonn.) Stapf. (Euphorbiaceae) is used in Cameroonian folk medicine to treat several ailments including bacterial-related diseases such as skin infections. In this study, the methanol extract from the leaves (EDL), fractions (EDLa-d), sub-fractions EDLc1-7 and EDLc31-35 as well as isolated compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activities against a panel of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria including multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotypes...
January 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012393/modulatory-effect-of-standardised-amentoflavone-isolated-from-juniperus-communis-l-agianst-freund-s-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-rats-histopathological-and-x-ray-anaysis
#11
Souravh Bais, Naveena Abrol, Yash Prashar, Renu Kumari
ETHOPHARMACOLOGIC RELEVANCE: Juniperus communis. L. is a shrub or small evergreen tree, native to Europe, South Asia, and North America, and belongs to family Cupressaceae. It has been used traditionally in unani system and in Swedish medicine as a decoction in inflammatory diseases. The main chemical constituents, which were reported in J. communis L. was α-pinene,, apigenin, sabinene, β-sitosterol, campesterol, limonene, Amentoflavone (AF), cupressuflavone, and many others. AIM: The aim of present study was to isolate the amentoflavone from the plant juniperus communis L...
December 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004585/chemical-constituents-and-antileukemic-activity-of-eugenia-dysenterica
#12
Renan Vitek, Leice M R de Novais, Heron F V Torquato, Edgar J Paredes-Gamero, Mário G de Carvalho, Paulo T de Sousa, Marcos J Jacinto, Virgínia C da Silva
The study about Eugenia dysenterica led to the isolation of 3-acetyl-urs-12-en-28-oic (1), 3-acetyl-olean-12-en-28-oic acid (2) and isoquercetin (3) from the stem barks, and of 3-O-β-glucopyranosyl-β-sitosterol (4), methyl 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoate (5), methyl 4-hydroxyphenyl propionate (6), E-methyl-4-hydroxycinnamate (7), quercetin-3-O-(6ꞌꞌ-O-galloyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (8) and quercetin-3-O-β-d-galactopyranoside (9) from the leaves. The structures 1-9 were set through the analysis of their NMR spectroscopic data...
December 22, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000515/biological-evaluation-of-phytoconstituents-from-polygonum-hydropiper
#13
Hong Xiao, Ranga Rao Ravu, Babu L Tekwani, Wei Li, Wen-Bin Liu, Melissa R Jacob, Shabana I Khan, Xiong Cai, Cai-Yun Peng, Ikhlas A Khan, Xing-Cong Li, Wei Wang
Fourteen compounds including vanicoside B (1), vanicoside F (2), vanicoside E (3) and 5,6-dehydrokawain (4), aniba-dimer-A (5), 6,6'-((1α,2α,3β,4β)-2,4-diphenylcyclobutane-1,3-diyl)bis(4-methoxy-2H-pyran-2-one) (6), (+)-ketopinoresinol (7), isorhamnetin (8), 3,7-dihydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-flavone (9), isalpinin (10), cardamomin (11), pinosylvin (12), 2-desoxy-4-epi-pulchellin (13) and β-sitosterol (14) were isolated from dichloromethane-soluble portion of Polygonum hydropiper. By using Alamar blue assay, compounds 2, 7, 8, 11 and 12 were found to be active against Trypanosoma brucei with IC50 values in the range of 0...
December 21, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000514/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activities-of-a-new-metabolite-from-quercus-incana
#14
Farah Gul, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Achyut Adhikari, Salman Zafar, Muhammad Akram, Haroon Khan, Muhammad Saeed
Phytochemical investigations of Quercus incana led to the isolation of a new catechin derivative quercuschin (1), along with six known compounds: quercetin (2), methyl gallate (3), gallic acid (4), betulinic acid (5), (Z)-9-octadecenoic acid methyl ester (6) and β-sitosterol glucoside (7) from the ethyl acetate fraction of methanolic extract of the bark. Compound 1 was screened for its antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant potential. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of the compound were tested against different bacterial and fungal strains, employing the agar well diffusion methods...
December 21, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997356/termiglaucescin-a-new-polyhydroxy-triterpene-glucoside-from-terminalia-glaucescens-with-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-potential
#15
Amadou Dawé, Benjamin Talom, Gilbert Deccaux Wabo Fotso Kapche, Kauser Siddiqui, Fawai Yakai, Emmanuel Talla, Muhammad Ali Shaiq, Iqbal Lubna, Bonabenture Tchaleu Ngadjui
Termiglaucescin (1), a new triterpene glucoside, has been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the root bark of Terminalia glaucescens Planch. ex Benth, together with 11 known compounds, β-D-glucopyranosyl 2α,3β,6β-trihydroxy-23-galloylolean-12-en-28-oate (2), arjunglucoside I (3), sericoside (4), arjungenin (5), sericic acid (6), arjunetin (7), chebuloside II (8), 3,3',4-tri-O-methylelagic acid (9), 3,3'-di-O-methylelagic acid (10), β-sitosterol (11) and stigmasterol (12). Compounds 2, 3, 7, 8 and 9 are reported from the plant for the first time...
December 20, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989874/effect-of-diabetea-tea-tm-consumption-on-inflammatory-cytokines-and-metabolic-biomarkers-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#16
Fadia Mahmoud, Ebaa Al-Ozairi, David Haine, Ladislav Novotny, Ali Dashti, Basel Ibrahim, Mohamed Abdel-Hamid
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetea tea (TM) (DT) is an anti-diabetic alternative medicine in some Asian countries. The main constituent of DT is black tea originating from Camellia sinensis that is supplemented by 12 other medicinal plants. Black tea contains a large amount of the flavonoids catechins especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) which has anti-inflammatory and antioxidative capacity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the possible effects of DT intake on inflammatory cytokines, regulatory T cells (Tregs) and metabolic biomarkers in T2DM...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979152/discrimination-of-red-and-white-rice-bran-from-indonesia-using-hplc-fingerprint-analysis-combined-with-chemometrics
#17
Aryani Sabir, Mohamad Rafi, Latifah K Darusman
HPLC fingerprint analysis combined with chemometrics was developed to discriminate between the red and the white rice bran grown in Indonesia. The major component in rice bran is γ-oryzanol which consisted of 4 main compounds, namely cycloartenol ferulate, cyclobranol ferulate, campesterol ferulate and β-sitosterol ferulate. Separation of these four compounds along with other compounds was performed using C18 and methanol-acetonitrile with gradient elution system. By using these intensity variations, principal component and discriminant analysis were performed to discriminate the two samples...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979120/tunable-volatile-release-from-organogel-emulsions-based-on-the-self-assembly-of-%C3%AE-sitosterol-and-%C3%AE-oryzanol
#18
Xiao-Wei Chen, Ya-Jun Chen, Jin-Mei Wang, Jian Guo, Shou-Wei Yin, Xiao-Quan Yang
A current challenge in the area of food emulsion is the design of microstructure that provides controlled release of volatile compounds during storage and consumption. Here, a new strategy addressed this problem at the fundamental level by describing the design of organogel-based emulsion from the self-assembly of β-sitosterol and γ-oryzanol that are capable of tuning volatile release. The results showed that the release rate (v0), maximum headspace concentrations (Cmax) and partition coefficients (ka/e) above structured emulsions were significantly lower than unstructured emulsions and controlled release doing undergo tunable though the self-assembled interface and core fine microstructure from internal phase under dynamic and static condition...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974267/phytoestrogens-and-sterols-in-waters-with-cyanobacterial-blooms-%C3%A2-analytical-methods-and-estrogenic-potencies
#19
Tereza Procházková, Eliška Sychrová, Barbora Javůrková, Jaroslava Večerková, Jiří Kohoutek, Olga Lepšová-Skácelová, Luděk Bláha, Klára Hilscherová
Compounds with estrogenic potencies and their adverse effects in surface waters have received much attention. Both anthropogenic and natural compounds contribute to overall estrogenic activity in freshwaters. Recently, estrogenic potencies were also found to be associated with cyanobacteria and their blooms in surface waters. The present study developed and compared the solid phase extraction and LC-MS/MS analytical approaches for determination of phytoestrogens (8 flavonoids - biochanin A, coumestrol, daidzein, equol, formononetin, genistein, naringenin, apigenin - and 5 sterols - ergosterol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, brassicasterol) and cholesterol in water...
March 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966397/constituents-from-stem-barks-of-luehea-ochrophylla-mart-and-evaluation-of-their-antiparasitic-antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activities
#20
C R R Araújo, R R Silva, T M Silva, J A Takahashi, P A Sales-Junior, N A V Dessimoni-Pinto, E M Souza-Fagundes, A J Romanha, S M F Murta, A F C Alcântara
Luehea species are found in almost all Central and South American countries. The present work describes the phytochemical study, isolation, and structural characterisation of friedelin, β-friedelinol, lupeol, pseudotaraxasterol, β-sitosterol, betulinic acid, taraxasterol, (-)-epicatechin, β-sitosterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, and (+)-epicatechin-(4β→8)-epicatechin from stem barks of Luehea ochrophylla Mart. The structural identification of the isolated compounds was mainly performed by NMR analyses and comparison with the data from literature...
December 14, 2016: Natural Product Research
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