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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126369/secondary-metabolites-from-endemic-species-iris-adriatica-trinajsti%C3%A4-ex-miti%C3%A4-iridaceae
#1
Danka Bukvički, Miroslav Novaković, Nurunajah Ab Ghani, Petar D Marin, Yoshinori Asakawa
This manuscript describes the first detailed chemical investigation of endemic species Iris adriatica, including isolation and structure elucidation. Chemical analyses of the rhizome CH2Cl2/MeOH (2:1) extract revealed fourteen secondary metabolites, mainly isoflavonoids. Among isoflavonoids, two groups have been found: nigricin-type and tectorigenin-type. Dominant group of the isolated compounds has been nigricin-type isoflavones: nigricin, nigricin-4'-(1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside) and nigricin-4'-(1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1-6)-β-D-glucopyranoside) with 2...
November 10, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107142/antibacterial-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-pterocarpus-erinaceus-poir-extracts-fractions-and-isolated-compounds
#2
Nassifatou Koko Tittikpina, Frédéric Nana, Stéphane Fontanay, Stéphanie Philippot, Komlan Batawila, Koffi Akpagana, Gilbert Kirsch, Patrick Chaimbault, Claus Jacob, Raphaël Emmanuel Duval
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pterocarpus erinaceus has been chosen based on ethnobotanical surveys carried out in the Tchamba district of the Republic of Togo. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigation of the antibacterial as well as cytotoxic activities of whole extracts, fractions and compounds isolated from the leaves, trunk bark and roots of Pterocarpus erinaceus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bio-guided fractionation of the raw extracts of plant parts and subsequent isolation of compounds from active fractions using normal phase open column chromatography...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102321/the-maternal-fetal-gradient-of-free-and-esterified-phytosterols-at-the-time-of-delivery-in-humans
#3
Alessio Correani, Silvia Visentin, Erich Cosmi, Eleonora Ponchia, Sara D'Aronco, Manuela Simonato, Luca Vedovelli, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P Carnielli
BACKGROUND: High dietary intakes of phytosterols (Phyto), such as those consumed by vegans and vegetarians, are not recommended for cholesterol-lowering in pregnant women (PW) because the safety of their use during pregnancy has not been fully established [1]. Information on Phyto in pregnancy is very limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the maternal-fetal gradient of free and esterified Phyto at the time of delivery in humans. DESIGN: PW who had a term delivery at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of the University Hospital of Padua (Padua, Italy), between November 2016 and March 2017, participated in the study...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099862/effects-of-coronatine-elicitation-on-growth-and-metabolic-profiles-of-lemna-paucicostata-culture
#4
Jin-Young Kim, Hye-Youn Kim, Jun-Yeong Jeon, Dong-Min Kim, Yaoyao Zhou, Jae Soung Lee, Heayyean Lee, Hyung-Kyoon Choi
In this study, the effects of coronatine treatment on the growth, comprehensive metabolic profiles, and productivity of bioactive compounds, including phenolics and phytosterols, in whole plant cultures of Lemna paucicostata were investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with multivariate statistical analysis. To determine the optimal timing of coronatine elicitation, coronatine was added on days 0, 23, and 28 after inoculation. The total growth of L. paucicostata was not significantly different between the coronatine treated groups and the control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095663/solvent-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-annona-squamosa-l-seeds-for-determination-of-bioactives-fatty-acid-fatty-oil-composition-and-antioxidant-activity
#5
Mohammad Zahid, Muhammad Arif, Md Akhlaquer Rahman, Kuldeep Singh, Mohd Mujahid
The yield and fatty oil components of the seed kernels of Annona squamosa L. (Family: Annonaceae) were determined by solvent extraction method and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Seeds were extracted with ethanol and further fractionated with n-hexane. The free radical-scavenging activities of both ethanolic and n-hexane fraction against 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, flavonoids, terpenoids, fatty acids, and different types of ester compounds...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082469/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-moringa-peregrina-extract-on-learning-and-memory-role-of-oxidative-stress
#6
Karem H Alzoubi, Nasab Q Rawashdeh, Omar F Khabour, Tamam El-Elimat, Hanan Albataineh, Hamzeh M Al-Zghool, Feras Q Alali
Oxidative stress interferes with the functional roles of the hippocampus and results in cognitive decline. Antioxidant supplementation has a cognitive enhancing activity through protecting hippocampus brain cells from the damaging effects of the reactive oxygen species. The dried methanolic extract of the aboveground parts of Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori (Moringaceae) was hypothesized to have memory-enhancing activity via its antioxidative properties. HPLC and LC-MS methods were used for qualitative analysis of the marker compounds...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082318/cannabis-roots-a-traditional-therapy-with-future-potential-for-treating-inflammation-and-pain
#7
REVIEW
Natasha R Ryz, David J Remillard, Ethan B Russo
Introduction: The roots of the cannabis plant have a long history of medical use stretching back millennia. However, the therapeutic potential of cannabis roots has been largely ignored in modern times. Discussion: In the first century, Pliny the Elder described in Natural Histories that a decoction of the root in water could be used to relieve stiffness in the joints, gout, and related conditions. By the 17th century, various herbalists were recommending cannabis root to treat inflammation, joint pain, gout, and other conditions...
2017: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073789/a-new-coruleoellagic-acid-derivative-from-stems-of-rhodamnia-dumetorum
#8
Waranya Lakornwong, Kwanjai Kanokmedhakul, Somdej Kanokmedhakul
A new coruleoellagic acid derivative, 3,3',4,4',5'-pentamethylcoruleoellagic acid (1) together with nine known compounds, hexamethylcoruleoellagic acid (2), 3,4,3'-tri-O-methylellagic acid (3), heptaphylline (4), 7-methoxymukonal (5), dentatin (6), sinapaldehyde (7), gallic acid (8), 2,6-dimethoxy-4H-pyran-4-one (9) and β-sitosterol (10) were isolated from the stems of Rhodamnia dumetorum. Their structures were identified by physical and spectroscopic data (IR, 1D and 2D NMR, and MS). Compounds 1, 2 and 7-10 were tested for antibacterial activity against six pathogenic bacterial strains (Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Methicillin resistant S...
October 26, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072610/spectrum-effect-relationships-between-fingerprints-of-caulophyllum-robustum-maxim-and-inhabited-pro-inflammation-cytokine-effects
#9
Shaowa Lü, Shuyu Dong, Dan Xu, Jixin Duan, Guoyu Li, Yuyan Guo, Haixue Kuang, Qiuhong Wang
Caulophyllum robustum Maxim (CRM) is a Chinese folk medicine with significant effect on treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was designed to explore the spectrum-effect relationships between high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprints and the anti-inflammatory effects of CRM. Seventeen common peaks were detected by fingerprint similarity evaluation software. Among them, 15 peaks were identified by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS). Pharmacodynamics experiments were conducted in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice to obtain the anti-inflammatory effects of different batches of CRM with four pro-inflammation cytokines (TNF-α, IL-β, IL-6, and IL-17) as indicators...
October 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066094/abcg5-g8-gene-is-associated-with-hypercholesterolemias-without-mutation-in-candidate-genes-and-noncholesterol-sterols
#10
Itziar Lamiquiz-Moneo, Lucía Baila-Rueda, Ana M Bea, Rocío Mateo-Gallego, Sofía Pérez-Calahorra, Victoria Marco-Benedí, Antonio Martín-Navarro, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, José Carlos Rodríguez-Rey, Miguel Pocovi, Ana Cenarro, Fernando Civeira
CONTEXT: Approximately 20% to 40% of clinically defined familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) cases do not show a causative mutation in candidate genes (mutation-negative FH), and some of them may have a polygenic origin. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of ABCG5/G8 genetic variants in mutation-negative FH, as defects in these genes relate to intestinal hyperabsorption of cholesterol and thus ABCG5/G8 variants could explain in part the mechanism of hypercholesterolemia...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058624/husk-to-caryopsis-adhesion-in-barley-is-influenced-by-pre-and-post-anthesis-temperatures-through-changes-in-a-cuticular-cementing-layer-on-the-caryopsis
#11
M Brennan, T Shepherd, S Mitchell, C F E Topp, S P Hoad
BACKGROUND: At ripeness, the outer husk of "covered" barley grains firmly adheres to the underlying caryopsis. A cuticular cementing layer on the caryopsis is required for husk adhesion, however the quality of adhesion varies significantly among cultivars which produce the cementing layer, resulting in the economically important malting defect, grain skinning. The composition of the cementing layer, and grain organ development have been hypothesised to influence the quality of husk adhesion...
October 23, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056913/anti-alzheimer-s-studies-on-%C3%AE-sitosterol-isolated-from-polygonum-hydropiper-l
#12
Muhammad Ayaz, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Fazal Subhan, Abdul Sadiq, Gowhar Ali, Muhammad Ovais, Muhammad Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, Abdul Wadood, Mohamed El-Shazly, Nisar Ahmad, Sajjad Ahmad
The family Polygonaceae is known for its traditional use in the management of various neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In search of new anti-AD drugs, β-sitosterol isolated from Polygonum hydropiper was subjected to in vitro, in vivo, behavioral and molecular docking studies to confirm its possibility as a potential anti-Alzheimer's agent. The in vitro AChE, BChE inhibitory potentials of β-sitosterol were investigated following Ellman's assay. The antioxidant activity was tested using DPPH, ABTS and H2O2 assays...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043664/substrate-scope-of-o-methyltransferase-from-streptomyces-peucetius-for-biosynthesis-of-diverse-natural-products-methoxides
#13
Prakash Parajuli, Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Thi Huyen Trang Nguyen, Dipesh Dhakal, Jae Kyung Sohng
Methylation is a common post-modification reaction that is observed during the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites produced by plants and microorganisms. Based on the sequence information from Streptomyces peucetius ATCC27952, a putative O-methyltransferase (OMT) gene SpOMT7740 was polymerase chain reaction amplified and cloned into E. coli BL21 (DE3) host to test the substrate promiscuity and conduct functional characterization. In vitro and in vivo reaction assays were carried out over various classes of substrates: flavonoids (flavonol, flavones, and isoflavonoid), chalcones, anthraquinones, anthracyclines, and sterol molecules, and the applications in synthesizing diverse classes of O-methoxy natural products were also illustrated...
October 18, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040835/effects-of-sodium-%C3%AE-sitosteryl-sulfate-on-the-phase-behavior-of-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine
#14
Ananda Kafle, Takeshi Misono, Avinash Bhadani, Kenichi Sakai, Chihiro Kaise, Teruhisa Kaneko, Hideki Sakai
We have studied the phase behavior of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) containing sodium β-sitosteryl sulfate (PSO4). PSO4 was found to lower the phase transition temperature of DPPC to a higher degree than cholesterol or β-sitosterol. It also gave rise to the formation of a modulated (ripple) phase (Pβ) at low to moderate concentrations. At concentrations greater than 25 mol%, it completely changed the membrane into a fluid phase. This shows that PSO4 is capable of disordering the hydrocarbon chains of PC efficiently...
October 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034917/%C3%AE-sitosterol-and-stigmasterol-ameliorate-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-western-style-diet
#15
Simin Feng, Zhuqing Dai, Anna Liu, Hong Wang, Jayson Chen, Zisheng Luo, Chung S Yang
Phytosterols, the plant analogues of cholesterol, widely occur in the human diet. In this study, we investigated and compared the effects of stigmasterol and β-sitosterol (both with purities ≥95%) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in C57BL/6J male mice fed a high fat Western-style diet. Mice treated with DSS developed severe mucosal colitis, with a marked distortion and crypt loss of colonic surface epithelium. Both β-sitosterol and stigmasterol significantly inhibited colon shortening, lowered fecal hemoglobin content, and reduced the severity of colitis in the middle and distal colon (p < 0...
October 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034192/evaluation-of-analgesic-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-bridelia-retusa-spreng-bark
#16
Anil U Tatiya, Ajay K Saluja, Mohan G Kalaskar, Sanjay J Surana, Prakash H Patil
Several species of Bridelia have been used in the condition of pain & arthritis in Indian folk medicine. Present study revealed the preliminary phytochemical investigation and evaluation of analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity as well as underlying mechanism of bark of Bridelia retusa Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae). The bark was subjected to extraction using pet.ether, ethyl acetate and acetone. All the extracts were significantly inhibit abdominal writhings response and licking time in late phase of formalin test...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017144/anxiolytic-effect-of-fatty-acids-and-terpenes-fraction-from-aloysia-triphylla-serotoninergic-gabaergic-and-glutamatergic-implications
#17
Enrique Jiménez-Ferrer, Mayra Alejandra Santillán-Urquiza, Elian Alegría-Herrera, Alejandro Zamilpa, Carmen Noguerón-Merino, Jaime Tortoriello, Victor Navarro-García, Margarita Avilés-Flores, Macrina Fuentes-Mata, Maribel Herrera-Ruiz
Aloysia triphylla (Verbenaceae) is an aromatic medicinal plant, and it is used for the treatment of "nervous" problems as, "sadness" and "nervousness". While, there are no reports about its pharmacological activity in animal models. The objective of this work was to evaluate the anxiolytic effect of the extracts and fractions of this species and to measure the interaction of the most active fraction with serotonergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic drugs. An elevated plus maze test was carried ought where the methanol (AtM), dicloromethane (AtD) and hexanic (AtH) extracts presented anxiolytic activity in mice when exposed to the test...
October 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993661/metabolic-signatures-in-response-to-abscisic-acid-aba-treatment-in-brassica-napus-guard-cells-revealed-by-metabolomics
#18
Mengmeng Zhu, Sarah M Assmann
Drought can severely damage crops, resulting in major yield losses. During drought, vascular land plants conserve water via stomatal closure. Each stomate is bordered by a pair of guard cells that shrink in response to drought and the associated hormone abscisic acid (ABA). The activation of complex intracellular signaling networks underlies these responses. Therefore, analysis of guard cell metabolites is fundamental for elucidation of guard cell signaling pathways. Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop for human consumption and biodiesel production...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989252/operculina-turpethum-linn-silva-manso-as-a-medicinal-plant-species-a-review-on-bioactive-components-and-pharmacological-properties
#19
REVIEW
Shweta Gupta, Akash Ved
Operculina turpethum (Linn.) (OT) Silva Manso belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. This review incorporates literature for the phytochemical and pharmacological profile of OT herb. Exhaustive literature survey was done using all the details on phytochemistry and pharmacology of OT available. This herb was found to be a potent source of bioactive compounds such as α- and β-turpethein, turpethinic acids (A, B, C, D, and E), coumarins, cycloartenol, lanosta-5-ene, 24-methylene-δ-5-lanosterol, α- and β-rhamnose, β-sitosterol, lupeol, scopoletin, betulin, acrylamide, stigma-5,22dien-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, β-sitosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-1), 22,23-dihydro-α-spinosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-2), and salicylic acid (CH-2), which are useful in fevers, edema, ascites, anorexia, constipation, hepatosplenomegaly, hemorrhoids, cervical lymphadenitis, fistulas, constipation, chronic gout, fever, bronchitis, ulcers, hemorrhoids, tumors, obesity, jaundice, herpes, induce lacrimation, and other skin disorders...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987377/analysis-of-bioactive-constituents-from-the-leaves-of-amorpha-fruticosa-l
#20
Xueqin Cui, Jing Guo, Ching-Shu Lai, Min-Hsiung Pan, Zhongxiao Ma, Sen Guo, Qingchao Liu, Li Zhang, Chi-Tang Ho, Naisheng Bai
Amorpha fruticosa L. is a Chinese folk medicine and rich in polyphenols. Fifteen known compounds were isolated and identified from the leaves of A. fruticosa L. They are tephrosin (1), 6a,12a-dehydrodeguelin (2), vitexin (3), afrormosin-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (4), 2″-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl isovitexin (5), rutin (6), chrysoeriol (7), 7-O-methylluteolin (8), trans-p-coumaric acid (9), 2-benzyl-4,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (10), formononetin (11), quercetin (12), apigenin (13), β-sitosterol (14), and β-daucosterol (15)...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
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