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Lacunar stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221777/prevalence-of-sleep-apnea-at-the-acute-phase-of-ischemic-stroke-with%C3%A2-or-without-thrombolysis
#1
Jaana K Huhtakangas, Juha Huhtakangas, Risto Bloigu, Tarja Saaresranta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence, type, and severity of sleep apnea during the acute phase of ischemic stroke among patients either receiving or not receiving thrombolysis. METHODS: We recruited 246 consecutive adult ischemic stroke patients. Patients underwent cardiorespiratory sleep study with portable three-channel device during the first 48 h after the symptom onset of ischemic stroke. RESULTS: We enrolled 110 (65...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220869/non-obese-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-lacunar-infarct
#2
Min-Sun Kwak, Kyung Won Kim, Hyobin Seo, Goh-Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Donghee Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lacunar infarct, a small subcortical ischemic lesion, is a known risk factor for future cognitive impairment, dementia, and stroke. We evaluated the relationship between fatty liver disease(FLD) and lacunar infarct in a healthy general population. METHODS: Subjects who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and abdominal ultrasonography(US) during health check-ups from 2007-2009 were included. FLD was diagnosed by US. Subjects with a history of cerebrovascular disease, radiological findings consistent with cerebrovascular stenosis, or cerebral small vessel disease were excluded...
December 8, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218699/clinical-outcome-of-cardioembolic-stroke-treated-by-intravenous-thrombolysis
#3
D Vaclavik, A Vilionskis, D Jatuzis, M A Karlinski, Z Gdovinova, J Kõrv, G Tsivgoulis, R Mikulik
INTRODUCTION: Cardioembolic stroke (CS) in patients without thrombolytic treatment is associated with a worse clinical outcome and higher mortality compared to other types of stroke. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcome of CS in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY: Data of patients from the SITS-EAST register (Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke) were analyzed in patients who received IVT treatment from 2000 to April 2014...
December 8, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210074/white-matter-degeneration-in-vascular-and-other-ageing-related-dementias
#4
REVIEW
Yoshika Hase, Karen Horsburgh, Masafumi Ihara, Raj N Kalaria
Advances in neuroimaging have enabled greater understanding of the progression of cerebral degenerative processes associated with ageing-related dementias. Leukoaraiosis or rarefied white matter (WM) originally described on computed tomography is one of the most prominent changes which occurs in older age. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) evident on magnetic resonance imaging have become commonplace to describe WM changes in relation to cognitive dysfunction, types of stroke injury, cerebral small vessel disease and neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208848/assessment-of-homocysteine-as-a-diagnostic-and-early-prognostic-biomarker-for-patients-with-acute-lacunar-infarction
#5
Huimin Fan, Shuna Yang, Yue Li, Jiangmei Yin, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Junliang Yuan, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND: Although increasing evidence has demonstrated that elevated homocysteine (Hcy) levels may be an important contributor for the development of cerebral infarction, rare studies focused on its diagnostic and early prognostic roles in acute lacunar infarction. METHODS: A total of 197 patients with acute lacunar infarction and 192 to form the control group were prospectively recruited between January 2013 and February 2017. Early neurological deterioration was defined as an increase of ≥2 points in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale or the decrease in Barthel index (BI) score at discharge...
November 29, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202378/lacunar-infarction-in-adult-patients-with-moyamoya-disease
#6
Meng Zhao, Xiaofeng Deng, Shuo Wang, Dong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Jizong Zhao
OBJECTIVES: Lacunar infarctions in moyamoya disease have rarely been described. We aimed to evaluate the features and prognosis of adult moyamoya patients with lacunar infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 696 consecutive moyamoya patients admitted to our hospital from 2009 to 2015 to identify patients with lacunar infarctions. We compared the clinical features and prognosis of adult moyamoya patients with lacunar infarction and those with non-lacunar infarction...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192873/incidence-of-first-stroke-and-ethnic-differences-in-stroke-pattern-in-bradford-uk-bradford-stroke-study
#7
Hawraman Ramadan, Chris Patterson, Stuart Maguire, Ian Melvin, Kirti Kain, Elizabeth Teale, Anne Forster
Background Information on ethnic disparities in stroke between White and Pakistani population in Europe is scarce. Bradford District has the largest proportion of Pakistani people in England; this provides a unique opportunity to study the difference in stroke between the two major ethnic groups. Aim To determine the first-ever-stroke incidence and examine the disparities in stroke patterns between Whites and Pakistanis in Bradford. Methods Prospective 12 months study consisting of 273,327 adults (≥18 years) residents...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188608/-cadasil-with-clinical-manifestations-of-baldness-lumbago-and-parkinson-s-symptoms
#8
Zhixia Ren, Shuai Chen, Yingying Shi, Yuanxing Zhang, Wan Wang, Zuzhi Chen, Mingrong Xia, Xiaohong Shi, Jiewen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with the subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) case with clinical manifestations of baldness, lumbago and Parkinson's symptoms. METHODS: Clinical and imaging data of the patient were analyzed. The patient and his family members were also subjected to genetic testing. RESULTS: The symptoms of the patient included recurrent stroke, dementia, and mood disturbance, in addition with lumbago, baldness and Parkinson's symptoms but no migraine...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180691/serum-uric-acid-is-independently-associated-with-enlarged-perivascular-spaces
#9
Shuna Yang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Junliang Yuan, Jiangmei Yin, Wenli Hu
Enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) are reported to be associated with impaired cognitive function and sleep disorders. It is of clinical importance to understand the risk factors for EPVS. Hyperuricemia increases the risk of hypertension and endothelial dysfunction, which are well recognized to be associated with EPVS. Therefore, we postulated that serum uric acid (SUA) might be associated with EPVS. A total of 665 lacunar stroke patients were enrolled in this study. The SUA concentrations of patients with severe EPVS were much higher than those of patients with mild EPVS (for basal ganglia: 5...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173807/association-between-hemostatic-markers-serum-lipid-fractions-and-progression-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#10
Jacek Staszewski, Renata Piusińska-Macoch, Bogdan Brodacki, Ewa Skrobowska, Adam Stępień
INTRODUCTION: Little is known if hemostatic markers and serum lipid fractions can predict further radiological progression beyond vascular risk factors in cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). We investigated whether they are associated with SVD radiological progression and if they are related to different SVD clinical manifestations. METHODS: A single-center, prospective, cohort study with 2 years of radiological follow-up was performed in consecutive patients with different SVD manifestations...
November 14, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172199/-clinical-features-of-very-elderly-patients-aged-90-years-or-above-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-study-by-using-diffusion-weighted-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Toshiyuki Sakai, Masahide Kondo, Yosuke Kawana, Toshio Nakagawa, Hidekazu Tomimoto
We investigated the diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) features of 76 very elderly patients aged 90 years or above with acute ischemic stroke. Stroke subtypes were classified into five types according to the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) and the Japanese Stroke Databank. The incidence rates of atherothrombotic brain infarction (ATBI), atherothrombotic brain embolism (ATBE), lacunar infarction (LI), cardiogenic brain embolism (CBE) and undetermined type of brain infarction (UTBI) were 2...
November 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070665/blood-brain-barrier-leakage-increases-with-small-vessel-disease-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Francesco Arba, Richard Leigh, Domenico Inzitari, Steven J Warach, Marie Luby, Kennedy R Lees
OBJECTIVE: In patients with acute ischemic stroke, we aimed to investigate the relation between preexisting small vessel disease (SVD) and the amount of blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage in ischemic and nonischemic area before IV thrombolysis. METHODS: We retrospectively accessed anonymous patient-level data from the Stroke Imaging Repository and the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive resources and included patients treated with IV thrombolysis with pretreatment MRI...
November 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061396/increased-level-of-procalcitonin-is-associated-with-total-mri-burden-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#13
Guangzong Li, Chen Zhu, Jing Li, Xiangming Wang, Qingbin Zhang, Hongjia Zheng, Cheng Zhan
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) has been found to be associated with subclinical cerebrovascular damage. The relationship between PCT levels and cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD), especially cSVD burden, has not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between PCT levels and cSVD in patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-eight consecutive patients were prospectively recruited during Jan 2016 to Jun 2017...
October 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049232/case-report-central-nervous-system-involvement-of-human-graft-versus-host-disease-report-of-7-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#14
Mathilde Ruggiu, Wendy Cuccuini, Karima Mokhtari, Véronique Meignin, Régis Peffault de Latour, Marie Robin, Flore Sicre de Fontbrune, Aliénor Xhaard, Gérard Socié, David Michonneau
RATIONALE: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of graft versus host disease (GvHD) is a rare cause of CNS disorders after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Chronic CNS GvHD symptoms are heterogeneous and include cerebrovascular manifestations, demyelinating disease and immune-mediated encephalitis. CNS-Acute GvHD is not formally defined in literature. PATIENTS CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report 7 cases of CNS-GvHD among which two had histological-proven disease...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026002/risk-of-bias-reporting-in-the-recent-animal-focal-cerebral-ischaemia-literature
#15
REVIEW
Zsanett Bahor, Jing Liao, Malcolm R Macleod, Alexandra Bannach-Brown, Sarah K McCann, Kimberley E Wever, James Thomas, Thomas Ottavi, David W Howells, Andrew Rice, Sophia Ananiadou, Emily Sena
BACKGROUND: Findings from in vivo research may be less reliable where studies do not report measures to reduce risks of bias. The experimental stroke community has been at the forefront of implementing changes to improve reporting, but it is not known whether these efforts are associated with continuous improvements. Our aims here were firstly to validate an automated tool to assess risks of bias in published works, and secondly to assess the reporting of measures taken to reduce the risk of bias within recent literature for two experimental models of stroke...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991905/the-presence-and-severity-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-increases-the-frequency-of-stroke-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-large-artery-occlusive-disease
#16
Ki-Woong Nam, Hyung-Min Kwon, Jae-Sung Lim, Moon-Ku Han, Hyunwoo Nam, Yong-Seok Lee
BACKGROUND: Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) commonly coexists with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA). AIM: We evaluate the effect of SVD on stroke recurrence in patients for ischemic stroke with LAA. METHODS: We consecutively collected first-ever ischemic stroke patients who were classified as LAA mechanism between Jan 2010 and Dec 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to evaluate the association between the 2-year recurrence and demographic, clinical, and radiological factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980580/-total-antioxidant-status-of-blood-in-various-types-of-ischemic-stroke
#17
Yu I Kravtsov, E Yu Kravtsova, S I Selezneva, D Yu Sosnin
AIM: To study the antioxidant status (AOS) of blood serum of patients in the acute period in patients with a variety of pathogenic forms of ischemic stroke (IS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients (study group) with different types of ischemic stroke (IS): with atherothrombotic variant (n=74) IS, with cardioembolic (n=15) with lacunar type (n=10). The control group consisted of 15 persons. Total antioxidant status (TAS) in the blood serum was examined by the test system 'General antioxidatic status - Novo' ('Vector-Best', Russia) for 1-2 days from the onset of the disease...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978655/change-in-multimodal-mri-markers-predicts-dementia-risk-in-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#18
Eva A Zeestraten, Andrew J Lawrence, Christian Lambert, Philip Benjamin, Rebecca L Brookes, Andrew D Mackinnon, Robin G Morris, Thomas R Barrick, Hugh S Markus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether MRI markers, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), can predict cognitive decline and dementia in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). METHODS: In the prospective St George's Cognition and Neuroimaging in Stroke study, multimodal MRI was performed annually for 3 years and cognitive assessments annually for 5 years in a cohort of 99 patients with SVD, defined as symptomatic lacunar stroke and confluent white matter hyperintensities (WMH)...
October 31, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974505/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-rescues-the-hematological-immunological-and-vascular-phenotype-in-dada2
#19
Hasan Hashem, Ashish R Kumar, Ingo Müller, Florian Babor, Robbert Bredius, Jignesh Dalal, Amy P Hsu, Steven M Holland, Dennis D Hickstein, Stephen Jolles, Robert Krance, Ghadir Sasa, Mervi Taskinen, Minna Koskenvuo, Janna Saarela, Joris van Montfrans, Keith Wilson, Barbara Bosch, Leen Moens, Michael Hershfield, Isabelle Meyts
Deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (DADA2) is caused by biallelic deleterious mutations in CECR1 DADA2 results in variable autoinflammation and vasculopathy (recurrent fevers, livedo reticularis, polyarteritis nodosa, lacunar ischemic strokes and intracranial hemorrhages), immunodeficiency and bone marrow failure. TNF-α blockade is the treatment of choice for the autoinflammation and vascular manifestations. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) represents a potential definitive treatment. We present a cohort of 14 patients from 6 countries who received HSCT for DADA2...
October 3, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974389/high-prevalence-of-small-vessel-disease-long-after-cranial-irradiation
#20
Masatomo Miura, Makoto Nakajima, Akiko Fujimoto, Yasuyuki Kaku, Takayuki Kawano, Masaki Watanabe, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Yukio Ando
Accelerated atherosclerosis of intra- or extracranial large arteries is a major cause of radiation-induced strokes. Recent development of MRI techniques has enabled detection of another important vasculopathy: microinfarcts or microbleeds after cranial irradiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and characteristics of small vessel disease after cranial irradiation. MR images and clinical records of 102 outpatients who had undergone cranial irradiation to brain tumors were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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