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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343292/psychometric-validation-of-the-heart-failure-caregiver-questionnaire-hf-cq-%C3%A2
#1
Anna Strömberg, Nicola Bonner, Laura Grant, Bryan Bennett, Misook L Chung, Tiny Jaarsma, Marie Louise Luttik, Eldrin F Lewis, Frederico Calado, Celine Deschaseaux
BACKGROUND: The Heart Failure Caregiver Questionnaire (HF-CQ(®)) was developed to assess subjective outcomes of heart failure caregivers. The HF-CQ(®) comprises 21 questions on three domains, namely physical, emotional/psychological and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the HF-CQ(®). METHODS: Patients (n = 150) with heart failure and their primary caregivers (n = 150) were recruited from 11 sites in USA...
March 25, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343139/oxytocin-in-corticosterone-induced-chronic-stress-model-focus-on-adrenal-gland-function
#2
Dušanka Stanić, Bosiljka Plećaš-Solarović, Duško Mirković, Predrag Jovanović, Slađana Dronjak, Bojan Marković, Tea Đorđević, Svetlana Ignjatović, Vesna Pešić
Chronic stress conditions can lead to considerable and extensible changes in physiological and psychological performances, and in emergence of risk for various somatic diseases. On the other hand, the neuropeptide oxytocin is reported to increase the resistance of the organism to stress and modulate activity of autonomic nervous system. Chronic corticosterone administration is used as a rat model for a state observed in terms of chronic stress exposure, when negative feedback mechanism of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity is disrupted...
March 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342944/the-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-of-antidepressants-ssris-snris
#3
REVIEW
Piotr Gałecki, Joanna Mossakowska-Wójcik, Monika Talarowska
The cytokine theory of depression no longer brings about any doubts. Experiments and research studies conducted in the last ten years have confirmed that both physical and psychological (emotional) stress increases the likelihood of occurrence of mental disorders (including depressive disorders) owing to the action of a series of hormonal and biochemical mechanisms. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) as well as serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are some of the most commonly applied drugs in the world during pharmacotherapy of recurrent depressive disorder...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339799/no-longer-invisible-understanding-the-psychosocial-impact-of-skin-color-stratification-in-the-lives-of-african-american-women
#5
J Camille Hall
This article examines how skin color stratification, termed "colorism," affects the psychological well-being of African American women. Previous research has shown that the experience of colorism is pervasive within the black community and that black women have been culturally or personally affected by intraracial discrimination. This article describes a qualitative study that used focus groups to investigate the experiences of black women that were categorized according to their self-ascribed skin tone group...
February 27, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338981/continuity-and-changes-in-three-types-of-caregiving-and-the-risk-of-depression-in-later-life-a-2-year-prospective-study
#6
Huiying Liu, Wei Qun Vivian Lou
Objective: previous studies have well documented the psychological consequences of family caregiving but less is known about the heterogeneity of older carers being affected during different temporal phases of caregiving over time. This study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of continuity and changes in grandchild care, parent care and spouse care on older carers' depressive symptoms 2 years later. Methods: the analytic sample contained 2,398 urban seniors who completed interviews for both the 2011 and 2013 waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study...
March 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#7
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337926/telephone-crisis-support-workers-psychological-distress-and-impairment
#8
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: In order to respond to crises with appropriate intervention, crisis workers are required to manage their own needs as well as the needs of those they respond to. AIMS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine whether telephone crisis support workers experience elevated symptoms of psychological distress and are impaired by elevated symptoms. METHOD: Studies were identified in April 2015 by searching three databases, conducting a gray literature search, and forward and backward citation chaining...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337866/fibromyalgia-and-bipolar-disorder-extent-of-comorbidity-and-therapeutic-implications
#9
M C Di Tommaso Morrison, F Carinci, G Lessiani, E Spinas, S K Kritas, G Ronconi, Al Caraffa, P Conti
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome that affects muscles and soft tissues. Presenting symptoms include chronic muscle pain, fatigue, sleep problems and psychological symptoms, including depression and anxiety. There exists strong evidence of a comorbidity between FM and Bipolar Disorder (BD). In this study, papers from 2006 to February 2016 that examined the comorbidity and etiological similarities of FM and BD were reviewed, as well as the therapeutic implications of these findings. The reviewed articles showed that an adequate psychiatric screening for BD is recommended in FM patients with depressive symptoms, in order to decrease administration of antidepressants for BD, due to the lack of proven efficacy, and to limit antidepressant-induced mania...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336746/understanding-dutch-practice-nurses-adherence-to-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-guidelines-and-their-needs-for-web-based-adherence-support-results-from-semistructured-interviews
#10
D de Ruijter, E S Smit, H de Vries, L Goossens, C Hoving
OBJECTIVES: Practice nurses in general practices suboptimally adhere to smoking cessation guidelines. Since the effectiveness of their smoking cessation support is greatest when full adherence to these guidelines is achieved, interventions need to be developed to improve practice nurses' guideline adherence, for example, by tailoring their content to adherence determinants. However, the sociocognitive determinants explaining adherence have not yet been investigated. Therefore, this qualitative needs assessment aimed to explore practice nurses' current counselling practices, as well as their sociocognitive beliefs related to their smoking cessation guideline adherence and their needs regarding web-based adherence support...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336003/efficacy-of-a-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-based-indoor-anti-odor-product-as-assessed-by-electronic-nose-and-gaschromatography-mass-spectrometry
#11
Mara Mirasoli, Roberto Gotti, Massimo Di Fusco, Giulia Basaglia, Jessica Fiori, Aldo Roda
Indoor air pollutants and odorants may have psychological and physical impact on exposed individuals and the unpleasant room air is considered as one of the factors associated with sick building syndrome comprising general symptoms such as headache and lethargy. Approaches for improving the quality of indoor air are thus important as support for human health and well-being. Photo-oxidation catalyzed by titanium dioxide (TiO2), is one of the methods used for elimination of volatile organic compounds, which are the cause of odor nuisance in indoor and outdoor air...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335771/understanding-the-motivations-of-health-care-providers-in-performing-female-genital-mutilation-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto, Danielle Groleau
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice at the request of families. It is important to understand the motivations of providers in order to reduce the medicalization of FGM. This integrative review identifies, appraises and summarizes qualitative and quantitative literature exploring the factors that are associated with the medicalization of FGM and/or re-infibulation...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335664/cognitive-behavioral-intervention-compared-to-telephone-counselling-early-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-trial
#13
Myrthe Elisabeth Scheenen, Annemarie Cecile Visser-Keizer, Myrthe Elisabeth de Koning, Harm Jan van der Horn, Peter van de Sande, Marlies Elisabeth van Kessel, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman
Many patients do not return to work (RTW) following mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) due to persistent complaints that are often resistant to therapy in the chronic phase. Recent studies suggest that psychological interventions should be implemented early after injury to prevent patients from developing chronic complaints. This study is a randomized controlled trial which examines the effectiveness of a newly developed CBT intervention (CBTi) compared to telephonic counseling (TC) in at risk mTBI patients (patients with high reports of early complaints)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334749/ctg-repeat-targeting-oligonucleotides-for-down-regulating-huntingtin-expression
#14
Eman M Zaghloul, Olof Gissberg, Pedro M D Moreno, Lee Siggens, Mattias Hällbrink, Anna S Jørgensen, Karl Ekwall, Rula Zain, Jesper Wengel, Karin E Lundin, C I Edvard Smith
Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal, neurodegenerative disorder in which patients suffer from mobility, psychological and cognitive impairments. Existing therapeutics are only symptomatic and do not significantly alter the disease progression or increase life expectancy. HD is caused by expansion of the CAG trinucleotide repeat region in exon 1 of the Huntingtin gene (HTT), leading to the formation of mutant HTT transcripts (muHTT). The toxic gain-of-function of muHTT protein is a major cause of the disease...
February 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#15
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334392/validation-of-the-nih-toolbox-in-individuals-with-neurologic-disorders
#16
N E Carlozzi, S Goodnight, K B Casaletto, A Goldsmith, R K Heaton, A W K Wong, C M Baum, R Gershon, A W Heinemann, D S Tulsky
Objective: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), traumatic brain injury (TBI), and stroke experience a variety of neurologically related deficits across multiple domains of function. The NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIHTB) examines motor, sensation, cognition, and emotional functioning. The purpose of this paper is to establish the validity of the NIHTB in individuals with neurologic conditions. Methods: Community-dwelling individuals with SCI (n = 209), TBI (n = 184), or stroke (n = 211) completed the NIHTB...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333842/review-article-sexuality-and-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy
#17
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Women with familial cancer syndromes such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA1 and BRCA2) and Lynch syndrome are at a significantly increased risk of developing ovarian cancer and are advised to undergo prophylactic removal of their ovaries and fallopian tubes at age 35 to 40 years, after childbearing is complete. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of studies on risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO), sexuality, and associated issues was conducted in MEDLINE databases...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333327/disclosure-of-donor-conception-age-of-disclosure-and-the-well-being-of-donor-offspring
#18
Guido Pennings
The matter of disclosure of donor conception to donor offspring is a very contentious issue. A frequently mentioned argument is that disclosure is in the best interest of the child. The objectives of this paper are 2-fold: first, to find out whether there are any measureable, stable differences in the psychological well-being of donor offspring who are informed of the mode of their conception compared to those who are not, and second, to find out what is being done with the evidence. We found that there exists no empirical evidence of differences in psychological well-being of donor offspring in disclosing or nondisclosing families...
March 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332224/monitoring-and-regulation-of-learning-in-medical-education-the-need-for-predictive-cues
#19
Anique B H de Bruin, John Dunlosky, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti
CONTEXT: Being able to accurately monitor learning activities is a key element in self-regulated learning in all settings, including medical schools. Yet students' ability to monitor their progress is often limited, leading to inefficient use of study time. Interventions that improve the accuracy of students' monitoring can optimise self-regulated learning, leading to higher achievement. This paper reviews findings from cognitive psychology and explores potential applications in medical education, as well as areas for future research...
March 23, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332171/sport-and-male-sexuality
#20
REVIEW
P Sgrò, L Di Luigi
The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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