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psychological well-being

Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Steven L Sayers, Frances K Barg, Shahrzad Mavandadi, Tanya H Hess, Andreea Crauciuc
This concurrent embedded mixed methods study explored important aspects of communication occurring between military service members and their intimate partners during a combat deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. Fifty-eight participants (32 military veterans and 26 non-veteran partners) participated in an interview using standardized self-report measures assessing the current level of relationship satisfaction, trauma symptoms of the veteran, and the veterans' trauma exposure. Participants also participated in a semistructured interview focused on combat deployment and reintegration experiences...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Steven L Sayers, Galena K Rhoades
In recent decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the ability of service members and their intimate partners to communicate while the service member is deployed to a combat zone. Communication among partners is a crucial aspect of intimate relationships that has been demonstrated to be highly associated with couples' satisfaction. In addition, it is often cited by unhappy partners as a primary relationship problem. This special section of the Journal of Family Psychology presents five articles investigating deployment communication among service members and their intimate partners...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Julie A Cohen, Anusha Kassan
This qualitative study explored the cultural identity negotiation of young adult immigrants. Using a grounded theory research design, 10 semistructured interviews were conducted with emerging adult immigrants (EAI), ages 19-27. Results yielded a substantive model of cultural identity negotiation (MCIN) for EAI and posited that One's Motivation and Sense of Agency to Negotiate Cultural Identity is at the core of how participants navigate their cultural identities. This model included 6 major categories: (a) Family Cultural Rigidity ; (b) Connections Specific to Canada ; (c) Connection to a Same Cultured Community ; (d) Sense of Permanency ; (e) Desire to Preserve Culture of Origin ; (f) Desire to Fit in to Canadian Culture , as well as 2 overarching factors ( Dimension of Time and Dimension of Age ), which were found to be influential on participants' cultural identity negotiation...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Camille Jeunet, Louis Albert, Ferran Argelaguet, Anatole Lecuyer
While the Sense of Agency (SoA) has so far been predominantly characterised in VR as a component of the Sense of Embodiment, other communities (e.g., in psychology or neurosciences) have investigated the SoA from a different perspective proposing complementary theories. Yet, despite the acknowledged potential benefits of catching up with these theories a gap remains. This paper first aims to contribute to fill this gap by introducing a theory according to which the SoA can be divided into two components, the feeling and the judgment of agency, and relies on three principles, namely the principles of priority, exclusivity and consistency...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Jahan Heidari, Jürgen Beckmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Michel Brink, Wolfgang Kallus, Claudio Robazza, Michael Kellmann
Monitoring of recovery in the context of athletic performance has gained significant importance during recent years. As a systematic process of data collection and evaluation, the monitoring of recovery can be implemented for various purposes. It may aid to prevent negative outcomes of training or competition, such as underrecovery, overtraining, or injuries. Further, it aims at establishing routines and strategies necessary to guarantee athletes' readiness for performance by restoring their depleted resources...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Cmg van Driel, A S Stuursma, M J Schroevers, Mje Mourits, G H de Bock
BACKGROUND: During menopause women experience vasomotor and psychosexual symptoms that cannot entirely be alleviated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Besides, HRT is contraindicated after breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence on the effectiveness of psychological interventions in reducing symptoms associated with menopause in natural or treatment-induced menopausal women. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline/Pubmed, PsycINFO, EMBASE and AMED were searched until June 2017...
March 15, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Erin M Buchanan, John E Scofield
Web-based data collection methods such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT) are an appealing option to recruit participants quickly and cheaply for psychological research. While concerns regarding data quality have emerged with AMT, several studies have exhibited that data collected via AMT are as reliable as traditional college samples and are often more diverse and representative of noncollege populations. The development of methods to screen for low quality data, however, has been less explored. Omitting participants based on simple screening methods in isolation, such as response time or attention checks may not be adequate identification methods, with an inability to delineate between high or low effort participants...
March 14, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
Wendy Kersemaekers, Silke Rupprecht, Marc Wittmann, Chris Tamdjidi, Pia Falke, Rogier Donders, Anne Speckens, Niko Kohls
Background: Mindfulness trainings are increasingly offered in workplace environments in order to improve health and productivity. Whilst promising, there is limited research on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions in workplace settings. Objective: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Workplace Mindfulness Training (WMT) in terms of burnout, psychological well-being, organizational and team climate, and performance. Methods: This is a preliminary field study in four companies. Self-report questionnaires were administered up to a month before, at start of, and right at the end of the WMT, resulting in a pre-intervention and an intervention period...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Bushra Akram, Juwairya Nawaz, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
OBJECTIVE: To investigate social exclusion, mental health and demographic characteristics as risk and protective factors of suicidal ideation among adults with hearing loss. . METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted in Lahore, Pakistan, from June 2016 to January 2017, and comprised people with hearing loss. Multistage proportionate stratified sampling procedure was used. Mental Health Inventory, Social Exclusion Scale and Suicidal Ideation Attributes Scale were administered to the participants...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Frédéric N Brière, Gabrielle Yale-Soulière, Daniela Gonzalez-Sicilia, Marie-Josée Harbec, Julien Morizot, Michel Janosz, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Engaging in sport has been suggested to be mitigate against psychological distress. Using a prospective-longitudinal design, we examine whether sport participation is associated with reduced psychological difficulties in adolescents and whether associations differ by sport and personal characteristics. METHODS: 17 550 adolescents from grade 7 to 10 (mean age=14.4 years old) self-reported on sport participation, depressive symptoms, social anxiety symptoms and loneliness in Spring 2007 and 1 year later...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Maria Paço, Paula Chaves, Francisco Pinho, Carolina Lemos, Rui Costa, José A Duarte, Teresa Pinho
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) present several risks and different contributing factors with consequently diverse treatment approaches. It is important to recognize what patients' characteristics may benefit from orthodontics, from physiotherapy, from other treatment modalities or even from a combined approach. CASES PRESENTATION: We present three cases of patients with common TMDs signs and/or symptoms and different treatment approaches and outcomes, and our aim is to understand what might explain the different outcomes observed and also provide a rationale about the skeletal, muscular, facial and occlusal characteristics that may be indicative of a particular intervention benefit...
March 11, 2018: International Orthodontics
Ji-Hyun Bae, Gaeun Kim
One of the typical symptoms of a psychological crisis is depression, an increasing concern in the elderly population. Although omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are reported to be promising nutrients for treating depression, currently, there are no systematic reviews or meta-analyses of randomized control trials that provide critical evidence regarding the potential benefits of omega-3 fatty acids in elderly patients with depression. This analysis was conducted to provide evidence for the clinical application of omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of depressive symptoms of elderly subjects older than 65 years...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
Neika Sharifian, Daniel Grühn
Being socially engaged is theorized to diminish age-related declines in emotional functioning. However, unique facets of social engagement may differentially impact functioning in older adulthood. In particular, social participation (SP) might be more beneficial than social support (SS) in buffering declines. The goal of this study was to examine whether interindividual differences in SP and SS influenced intraindividual change in Psychological Well-Being (PWB). The impact of SS and SP on change in PWB was investigated in two samples from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study spanning 19 years (1992-2011): graduate respondents and their siblings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Johanne Dow, Jonah Robinson, Shannon Robalino, Tracy Finch, Elaine McColl, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: In the UK, there are currently 800 000 people living with dementia. This number is expected to double in the next 20 years. Two-thirds of people with dementia live in the community supported by informal carers. Caring for a person with dementia has adverse effects on psychological, physical, social wellbeing and quality of life. The measurement of quality of life of carers of people with dementia is increasingly of interest to health and social care practitioners and commissioners, policymakers, and carers themselves...
2018: PloS One
Camilla Pasternack, Eriika Mansikka, Katri Kaukinen, Kaisa Hervonen, Timo Reunala, Pekka Collin, Heini Huhtala, Ville M Mattila, Teea Salmi
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a cutaneous manifestation of coeliac disease. Increased bone fracture risk is known to associate with coeliac disease, but this has been only scantly studied in DH. In this study, self-reported fractures and fracture-associated factors in DH were investigated and compared to coeliac disease. Altogether, 222 DH patients and 129 coeliac disease-suffering controls were enrolled in this study. The Disease Related Questionnaire and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale and Psychological General Well-Being questionnaires were mailed to participants; 45 out of 222 (20%) DH patients and 35 out of 129 (27%) of the coeliac disease controls had experienced at least one fracture ( p = 0...
March 14, 2018: Nutrients
Bente T Jensen, Susanne V Lauridsen, Jørgen B Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Whether prehabilitation in radical cystectomy adds to the effort of reducing postoperative morbidity and impairments in the survivorship phase has until recently received limited attention. This narrative review aims to summarize the current evidence base on prehabilitaion interventions focusing on the efficacy of procedure-specific interventions and the influence on postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the oncological risk, there is a relative short window to intervene and proactively optimize the patient before radical cystectomy...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Émilie Liot, Nicolas Christian Buchs, Jacques Klein, Boris Schiltz, Philippe Morel, Frederic Ris
Patients with rectal cancer have an increased risk of developing sexual disorders. These dysfunctions are caused by the disease itself (negative psychological impact, nerve compression in the pelvis), as well as by the treatments (radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery). Most sexual disorders are due to the surgery and can be attributed to injuries of the retroperitoneal nerves. Sexuality assessment of patients before and after treatment, a precise knowledge of the pelvic anatomy by the surgeon, and an appropriate care by specialists (gynaecologists, urologists and sexologists) are essential to reduce the risk of sexual disorders and to minimize their impact on overall quality of life...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Linda M Richter, Stephen J Lye, Kerrie Proulx
Forced displacement worldwide is at its highest in decades and millions of young children are living in conflict zones, in transitional or enduring refugee contexts, and in demographically diverse marginalized and informal settlements. There is a huge unmet need for delivering early childhood development interventions to ensure the safety and continued development of young children in these vulnerable contexts. In this paper, we discuss nurturing care as an important entry point for multisectoral collaborations to support families and reach young children...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Sagar V Parikh, Ayal Schaffer, David J Bond, Benicio N Frey, Verinder Sharma, Benjamin I Goldstein, Soham Rej, Serge Beaulieu, Martin Alda, Glenda MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun Ravindran, Claire O'Donovan, Diane McIntosh, Raymond W Lam, Gustavo Vazquez, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Jan Kozicky, Shigenobu Kanba, Beny Lafer, Trisha Suppes, Joseph R Calabrese, Eduard Vieta, Gin Malhi, Robert M Post, Michael Berk
The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) previously published treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder in 2005, along with international commentaries and subsequent updates in 2007, 2009, and 2013. The last two updates were published in collaboration with the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD). These 2018 CANMAT and ISBD Bipolar Treatment Guidelines represent the significant advances in the field since the last full edition was published in 2005, including updates to diagnosis and management as well as new research into pharmacological and psychological treatments...
March 14, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
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