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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737108/beliefs-about-emotion-implications-for-avoidance-based-emotion-regulation-and-psychological-health
#1
Krista De Castella, Michael J Platow, Maya Tamir, James J Gross
People's beliefs about their ability to control their emotions predict a range of important psychological outcomes. It is not clear, however, whether these beliefs are playing a causal role, and if so, why this might be. In the current research, we tested whether avoidance-based emotion regulation explains the link between beliefs and psychological outcomes. In Study 1 (N = 112), a perceived lack of control over emotions predicted poorer psychological health outcomes (increased self-reported avoidance, lower well-being, and higher levels of clinical symptoms), and avoidance strategies indirectly explained these links between emotion beliefs and psychological health...
July 24, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736897/taking-culture-seriously-can-we-improve-the-developmental-health-and-well-being-of-australian-aboriginal-children-in-out-of-home-care
#2
S Raman, S Ruston, S Irwin, P Tran, P Hotton, S Thorne
BACKGROUND: Children in out-of-home care have well-documented health and developmental needs. Research suggests that Aboriginal children in care have unmet health and intervention needs. In metropolitan Sydney, Kari Aboriginal Resources Inc. (KARI), an Aboriginal organization, provides support to indigenous children in care, including clinical assessment and intervention. We wanted to determine the health and developmental needs of a subset of children in out-of-home care with KARI, who had been in stable care for at least a year...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736580/supportive-and-non-supportive-interactions-in-families-with-a-type-2-diabetes-patient-an-integrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Birgitte B Bennich, Michael E Røder, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingrid Egerod, Lene Munch, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll, Hanne Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and its management affect the patient and the close family potentially causing either psychological distress or increased sense of responsibility and collaboration in these families. Interactions between patient and family play an important role in maintaining lifestyle changes and diabetes self-management. The purpose of this integrative review was to summarise and assess published studies on the intra-family perspective of supportive and non-supportive interactions in families with a type 2 diabetes patient...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736492/comparison-of-well-being-of-older-adult-choir-singers-and-the-general-population-in-finland-a-case-control-study
#4
Julene K Johnson, Jukka Louhivuori, Eero Siljander
Previous research suggests that singing in a choir as an older adult is associated with better quality of life (QOL). However, the degree to which sociodemographic variables and level of engagement in hobbies contribute to this relationship is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to compare quality of life (QOL) of older adult choir singers with a matched sample of older adults from the general population in Finland, taking into consideration sociodemographic, satisfaction with health, and level of engagement in hobbies (active, inactive)...
June 2017: Musicae Scientiae: the Journal of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736103/what-impact-do-chaplains-have-a-pilot-study-of-spiritual-aim-for-advanced-cancer-patients-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#5
Allison Kestenbaum, Michele Shields, Jennifer James, Will Hocker, Stefana Morgan, Shweta Karve, Michael W Rabow, Laura B Dunn
CONTEXT: Spiritual care is integral to quality palliative care. Although chaplains are uniquely trained to provide spiritual care, studies evaluating chaplains' work in palliative care are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this pre-post study, conducted among patients with advanced cancer receiving outpatient palliative care, were to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of chaplain-delivered spiritual care, utilizing the Spiritual Assessment and Intervention Model ("Spiritual AIM"); and to gather pilot data on Spiritual AIM's effects on spiritual well-being, religious and cancer-specific coping, and physical and psychological symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736009/beliefs-of-living-donors-about-recipients-end-stage-liver-failure-and-surgery-for-organ-donation
#6
M R Krespi, A Tankurt, K Acarli, T Kanmaz, Y Yankol, M Kalayoglu
BACKGROUND: The concept of beliefs could provide a basis for how donors may perceive recipients' end-stage liver failure (ESLF) and surgery for organ donation. However, there is no such quantitative study. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore beliefs of living donors about recipients' ESLF and surgery for organ donation. METHODS: The sample comprised 16 living donors who donated a part of their liver to a patient who had ESLF. The data were analyzed by following established procedures for inductive qualitative analysis...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735658/depression-among-older-adults-a-20-year-update-on-five-common-myths-and-misconceptions
#7
Emily A P Haigh, Olivia E Bogucki, Sandra T Sigmon, Dan G Blazer
Is depression among older adults symptomatically different than younger adults? Is it more common or chronic or difficult to treat? Is depression in late life more likely to be attributed to psychological problems? Twenty-years ago, Dan Blazer, a pioneer known for his groundbreaking work on depression in older adulthood, conducted an important review of the existing literature to refute five commonly held beliefs about depression in late life. Now, two decades later, we call upon selected articles that are representative of our current knowledge to provide an update and identify research priorities...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735271/a-collaborative-approach-to-facilitate-professionals-to-support-the-breathless-patient
#8
Vanessa Shaw, Alison Davies, Bie Nio Ong
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness is a major problem for people in their last weeks of life. Breathlessness is considered to be multidimensional with physical, psychological, emotional, social and spiritual factors all playing a part. It has been recognised that specific training to health professionals is beneficial in order to improve the care for patients with breathlessness.Breathlessness courses have tended to focus on senior nurses. A new flexible and collaborative training course was designed to include a wider range of nurses and other health professionals in hospital, hospice, primary care and community settings...
July 22, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734632/expectancy-and-achievement-gaps-in-educational-attainment-and-subsequent-adverse-health-effects-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-medical-conditions
#9
Lauren E Wisk, Elissa R Weitzman
PURPOSE: While education-based disparities in health are common, the extent to which chronic conditions contribute to education gaps and to consequent health disparities is not fully understood. As such, we sought to investigate educational aspirations, expectations, and attainment among youth with and without chronic conditions and to determine if these relationships mediated subsequent disparities in health and well-being. METHODS: Longitudinal data on 3,518 youths are from the 1997-2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#10
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733913/social-identity-continuity-and-mental-health-among-syrian-refugees-in-turkey
#11
Anouk Smeekes, Maykel Verkuyten, Elif Çelebi, Ceren Acartürk, Samed Onkun
PURPOSE: Building upon social psychological work on social identity and mental health, this study among Syrian refugees in Turkey examined the importance of multiple group memberships and identity continuity for mental health and well-being. METHOD: A survey study was conducted among the very difficult to reach population of Syrian refugees (N = 361). With path analysis in AMOS the associations were examined between multiple group memberships, social identity continuity and mental health and psychological well-being...
July 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#12
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731883/the-effects-on-children-s-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-of-a-psychoeducational-program-for-families-living-with-parental-cancer-and-their-network-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#13
May Aasebø Hauken, Mariana Pereira, Mette Senneseth
BACKGROUND: Families living with parental cancer report lack of social support. The Cancer PEPSONE Program (CPP) was developed to bridge the gap between the families and their network. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to study the effect of the CPP on children's anxiety and quality of life (QOL) and examine the association between the CPP's effect on their well parents' received social support, QOL, and psychological distress and the children's anxiety and QOL...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731214/from-positive-psychology-to-psychopathology-the-continuum-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar, Giovanni A Salum
BACKGROUND: Integration of positive psychology into clinical research and treatment has been slow. This integration can be facilitated by the conceptualisation of mental disorders as the high, symptomatic extreme of continuous normal variation. This assumes that there is also a low, positive extreme, which is, however, unchartered territory. This study aims to examine how well current measures capture the low extreme of mental disorder continua, using attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as an example...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#15
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730302/internal-resources-among-informal-caregivers-trajectories-and-associations-with-well-being
#16
Kristin Litzelman, Gina Tesauro, Rebecca Ferrer
PURPOSE: The experiences, skills, and internal resources that informal caregivers bring into their role may play a critical part in their mental health and well-being. This study examined how caregiver internal resources changed over a 10 year period, and how this was related to caregivers' well-being. METHODS: Data are from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study, a national sample of adults, at two time points: 1995-1996 (T1) and 2004-2006 (T2). We identified subjects who reported being a caregiver at T2 and starting care after T1 (mean age = 56; 65% female)...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729935/single-trial-eeg-informed-fmri-analysis-of-emotional-decision-problems-in-hot-executive-function
#17
Qian Guo, Tiantong Zhou, Wenjie Li, Li Dong, Suhong Wang, Ling Zou
BACKGROUND: Executive function refers to conscious control in psychological process which relates to thinking and action. Emotional decision is a part of hot executive function and contains emotion and logic elements. As a kind of important social adaptation ability, more and more attention has been paid in recent years. OBJECTIVE: Gambling task can be well performed in the study of emotional decision. As fMRI researches focused on gambling task show not completely consistent brain activation regions, this study adopted EEG-fMRI fusion technology to reveal brain neural activity related with feedback stimuli...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728514/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-multidimensional-scale-assessing-subjective-well-being-the-well-being-scale-webs
#19
P Priscilla Lui, Gaithri A Fernando
Numerous scales currently exist that assess well-being, but research on measures of well-being is still advancing. Conceptualization and measurement of subjective well-being have emphasized intrapsychic over psychosocial domains of optimal functioning, and disparate research on hedonic, eudaimonic, and psychological well-being lacks a unifying theoretical model. Lack of systematic investigations on the impact of culture on subjective well-being has also limited advancement of this field. The goals of this investigation were to (1) develop and validate a self-report measure, the Well-Being Scale (WeBS), that simultaneously assesses overall well-being and physical, financial, social, hedonic, and eudaimonic domains of this construct; (2) evaluate factor structures that underlie subjective well-being; and (3) examine the measure's psychometric properties...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728444/determinants-of-pain-disability-health-related-quality-of-life-and-physical-performance-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-awaiting-total-joint-arthroplasty
#20
Véronique Lowry, Philippe Ouellet, Pascal-André Vendittoli, Lisa C Carlesso, Timothy H Wideman, François Desmeules
PURPOSE: In patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis awaiting knee arthroplasty, to measure associations between several selected determinants and pain, disability, health-related quality of life and physical performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Validated self-reported measures were collected: (1) Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, (2) Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) and (3) Short-Form 36 (SF-36). Physical performance was also assessed with four validated performance tests...
July 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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