keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

psychological well-being

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792834/improvement-of-esthetic-functional-and-social-well-being-after-orthognathic-surgical-intervention-a-sampling-of-postsurgical-patients-over-a-10-year-period-from-2007-to-2017
#1
Farhad Ghorbani, Hamed Gheibollahi, Saeid Tavanafar, Hamid Reza Eftekharian
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of orthognathic surgery on the long-term quality of life of patients who received this treatment and to delineate the common reasons for dissatisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent orthognathic surgery were studied. One hundred thirty-two patients who had undergone orthognathic surgery from 2007 to 2017 in the oral and maxillofacial surgery department participated in this study...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792501/optimizing-the-length-width-and-balance-of-a-personality-scale-how-do-internal-characteristics-affect-external-validity
#2
Christopher J Soto, Oliver P John
How well can scores on a personality scale predict criteria such as behaviors and life outcomes? This question concerns external validity, which is a core aspect of personality assessment. The present research was conducted to examine how external validity is influenced by a trait scale's internal characteristics, such as its length (number of items), width (breadth of content), and balance (between positively and negatively keyed items). Participants completed the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2), and were also assessed on a set of self-reported and peer-reported validity criteria...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#3
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#4
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#5
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792064/the-effect-and-importance-of-physical-activity-on-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#6
Tina Junge, Jonas Ahler, Hans K Knudsen, Hanne K Kristensen
Background People with dementia may benefit from the effect of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Qualitative synthesis of the importance of physical activity might complement and help clarify quantitative findings on this topic. The purpose of this systematic mixed studies review was to evaluate findings from both quantitative and qualitative methods about the effect and importance of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in people with dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#7
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791718/alopecia-areata-a-review-of-disease-pathogenesis
#8
REVIEW
F Rajabi, L A Drake, M M Senna, N Rezaei
Alopecia areata is a disorder that results in non-scarring hair loss. The psychological impact can be significant, leading to feelings of depression and social isolation. The disease remains incurable though it has been studied for years. Available treatment options at best, are beneficial for milder cases, and the rate of relapse is high. Understanding the exact mechanisms of hair loss in alopecia areata is therefore of utmost importance to help identify potential therapeutic targets. The main theory of alopecia areata pathogenesis is that it is an autoimmune phenomenon resulting from a disruption in hair follicle immune privilege...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791651/relationship-between-adiponectin-and-leptin-on-osteocalcin-in-obese-adolescents-during-weight-loss-therapy
#9
Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Joana Pereira de Carvalho-Ferreira, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Lian Tock, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the presence of the pro-inflammatory state associated with the development of many comorbidities, including bone turnover marker alterations. This study aimed to investigate the role of the inflammatory state on bone turnover markers in obese adolescents undergoing interdisciplinary weight loss treatment for one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty four post-pubescent obese adolescents with primary obesity, a body mass index (BMI) greater than > 95th percentile of the CDC reference growth charts, participated in the present investigation...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791281/disparities-in-psychological-well-being-based-on-subjective-and-objective-eating-disorder-recovery-statuses-and-recovery-status-concordance
#10
Kelly A Romano, Deborah Ebener
This research examines how eudaimonic psychological well-being (PWB) relates to variant levels of eating disorder (ED) recovery (full, partial, active ED), both self-defined and objectively determined, and to subjective-objective recovery status concordance. Participants (N = 132; Mage = 30.1) completed an online survey targeting ED symptomology, PWB, and recovery. MANOVAs revealed idiosyncratic relationships between recovery and PWB when objective criteria, subjective perceptions, and concordance were considered...
May 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791197/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-self-perceived-health-among-portuguese-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#11
Violeta Alarcão, Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos, João Gorjão-Clara
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived health declines with age, varies by gender and is a predictor of mortality, morbidity, physical and psychological functioning. However, gender differences in health and illness perception are complex and not yet fully understood. This study aimed to explore gender-related differences in psychosocial determinants of self-perceived health among older adults living in nursing homes. METHOD: Nationwide face-to-face survey of the Portuguese population aged 65 and over...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790990/women-s-mental-health-in-the-perinatal-period-according-to-migrant-status-the-french-representative-elfe-birth-cohort
#12
Fabienne El-Khoury, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Marie-Aline Charles, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Maria Melchior
Background: Mental health problems in the perinatal period are common. We examined associations between different categories of migrant status and region of origin in relation to mental health during pregnancy and at 2 months post-partum. Methods: We analyzed data from the French nationally representative Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance birth cohort (n = 17 988). Migrant status was divided into five categories: 'majority population', 'descendants with one migrant parent', 'descendants with two migrant parents', 'naturalized migrant' and 'non-naturalized migrant women'...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790847/the-development-of-a-short-version-of-temps-a-in-hungarian-non-clinical-samples
#13
Andras Lang, Barbara Papp, Tamas Inancsi, Peter Dome, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Zsuzsanna Belteczki
BACKGROUND: The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) is a widely used measure of affective temperaments. Affective temperaments refer to people's prevailing moods and are important precursors of affective disorders. With the two studies presented in this paper, we aimed to develop a short version of the Hungarian TEMPS-A. METHODS: A total number of 1857 university students participated in two studies. The original 110-item version and the newly developed short version of TEMPS-A, the anger, depression, and anxiety scales of the PROMIS Emotional Distress item bank, the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Well-Being Index were administered to participants...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790771/child-abuse-awareness-is-the-first-step-to-action
#14
L Paglia
Most of the physical injuries that children are subjected to affect the head and neck region; approximately 50% of injuries due to child abuse occur in the orofacial region and almost 15% of these injuries are confined to the head region (Cairns A.M.). For this reason, the dental team has a key role in identifying and detecting child abuse. In addition, having paediatric dentists an ongoing relationship with their young patients and families give them the opportunity to observe and assess not only the physical and psychological condition of the children, but also the family environment (the majority of abuse cases toward children are from the caregiver or the parents)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#15
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790648/anxiety-sensitivity-mediates-the-relationship-between-exercise-frequency-and-anxiety-and-depression-symptomology
#16
Joshua J Broman-Fulks, Chelsea M Abraham, Kelsey Thomas, Will H Canu, David C Nieman
The anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of regular physical exercise have been well documented, though the mechanisms through which exercise alleviates symptoms of emotion disorders require further investigation. Mounting research indicates that exercise reduces anxiety sensitivity, a known vulnerability factor for the development and maintenance of psychological disorders, presumably via repeated exposure to feared somatic sensations. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether anxiety sensitivity mediates the relation between exercise frequency and symptoms of anxiety and depression...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790313/quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients
#17
Solanki Jitender, Rajive Mahajan, Vikram Rathore, Rahul Choudhary
Cancer is a one of the major public health problem both in developed and developing countries around the globe. Quality-of-life (QOL) of a cancer patient before and after the treatment is an important issue especially for the cancer survivors, their families, and the care providers. In cancer prospective, Quality-of-life can been defined as a sense of well-being, it is a multidimensional perspective that includes dimensions such as physical, psychological, social, and spiritual, changes in one QOL dimension can influence perceptions in other dimensions also...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788996/effectiveness-and-acceptance-of-a-web-based-depression-intervention-during-waiting-time-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sasha-Denise Grünzig, Harald Baumeister, Jürgen Bengel, David Ebert, Lena Krämer
BACKGROUND: Due to limited resources, waiting periods for psychotherapy are often long and burdening for those in need of treatment and the health care system. In order to bridge the gap between initial contact and the beginning of psychotherapy, web-based interventions can be applied. The implementation of a web-based depression intervention during waiting periods has the potential to reduce depressive symptoms and enhance well-being in depressive individuals waiting for psychotherapy...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788987/efficacy-of-the-buzzy%C3%A2-device-for-pain-management-of-children-during-needle-related-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Samara Adler, Evelyne Doyon-Trottier, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: Needle-related procedures are the most important source of pain in children in hospital setting. Unmanaged pain could result in short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and emotional consequences. Although the efficacy of numerous interventions has been evaluated, procedural pain management is often suboptimal in children undergoing needle-related procedures. The main objective of this systematic review is to examine the evidence for the efficacy of the Buzzy® device for needle-related procedural pain in children...
May 22, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788969/psychosocial-predictors-for-outcome-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparison-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel, Sefik Tagay
BACKGROUND: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
53762
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"