Read by QxMD icon Read

Sliding scale insulin

Jeniece Trast Ilkowitz, Steven Choi, Michael L Rinke, Kathy Vandervoot, Rubina A Heptulla
BACKGROUND: Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Reducing DKA admissions in children with T1DM requires a coordinated, comprehensive management plan. We aimed to decrease DKA admissions, 30-day readmissions, and length of stay (LOS) for DKA admissions. METHODS: A multipronged intervention was designed in 2011 to reach all patients: (1) increase insulin pump use and basal-bolus regimen versus sliding scales, (2) transform educational program, (3) increased access to medical providers, and (4) support for patients and families...
October 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
J A Van Heerden, J R Burger, J J Gerber
BACKGROUND: Prescribing for older patients is a well-recognised problem, and inappropriate items are prescribed frequently. Several tools and criteria are available to promote rational prescribing in older patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) in older South African patients. METHODS: A retrospective drug utilisation review was conducted using medicine claims data over a 1-year period...
September 9, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Naoji Mita, Shinji Kawahito, Tomohiro Soga, Kazumi Takaishi, Hiroshi Kitahata, Munehide Matsuhisa, Mitsuo Shimada, Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Yasuo M Tsutsumi, Katsuya Tanaka
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of a closed-loop system (STG-55; Nikkiso, Tokyo, Japan), a type of artificial endocrine pancreas for the continuous monitoring and control of intraoperative blood glucose, for preventing postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing hepatectomy. Thirty-eight patients were enrolled in this study. Glucose concentrations were controlled with either a manual injection of insulin based on a commonly used sliding scale (manual insulin group, n = 19) or the programmed infusion of insulin determined by the control algorithm of the artificial endocrine pancreas (programmed insulin group, n = 19)...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
V Borzì, S Frasson, G Gussoni, M Di Lillo, R Gerloni, G Augello, G Gulli, A Ceriello, B Solerte, E Bonizzoni, A Fontanella
AIMS: Hypoglycemia is a potential risk in the management of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and hospitalized in internal medicine units (IMUs). The aim of this analysis was to evaluate incidence of hypoglycemia and related risk factors in a group of patients admitted to IMUs. METHODS: We used the FADOI-DIAMOND study carried out in 53 Italian IMUs. The DIAMOND design included two cross-sectional surveys interspersed with an educational program. In both phases each center reviewed the charts of the last 30 hospitalized patients with known T2DM (n=3167), including information about hypoglycemia during hospital stay...
May 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Carmen Caballero Requejo, Elena Urbieta Sanz, Abel Trujillano Ruiz, Celia García-Molina Sáez, María Onteniente Candela, Pascual Piñera Salmerón
OBJECTIVES: To analyze if the hypoglycemic therapy prescribed in the Emergency Department adapts to the consensus recommendations available, as well as to assess its clinical impact. METHODS: A descriptive observational study, which included patients awaiting hospital admission, who were in the Observation Ward of the Emergency Department and had been previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, and were receiving treatment with hypoglycemic drugs at home. The management of antidiabetic treatment and its clinical impact were assessed...
May 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Hannah Lise Sutheran, Timothy Reynolds
AIMS: Manufacturers of point-of-care testing (POCT) glucose systems must adhere to International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 15197 performance standards, a tightened version of which becomes mandatory in May 2016. Using methods deviating from the evaluation requirements of ISO 15197, we investigated the accuracy and clinical utility of three glucose testing systems. METHODS: Whole blood glucose was measured on 62 EDTA-preserved samples with each system followed by plasma glucose determination with a laboratory hexokinase method...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Karam Choi, Tae Jung Oh, Jung Chan Lee, Myungjoon Kim, Hee Chan Kim, Young Min Cho, Sungwan Kim
Although various basal-bolus insulin therapy (BBIT) protocols have been used in the clinical environment, safer and more effective BBIT protocols are required for glucose control in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Modeling approaches could provide an evaluation environment for developing the optimal BBIT protocol prior to clinical trials at low cost and without risk of danger. In this study, an in-silico model was proposed to evaluate subcutaneous BBIT protocols in hospitalized patients with T2D...
February 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Covadonga Gómez Cuervo, Ana Sánchez Morla, María Asunción Pérez-Jacoiste Asín, Otilia Bisbal Pardo, Luis Pérez Ordoño, Juan Vila Santos
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness to reduce clinical adverse events and safety of insulin administered in basal-bolus-corrector or basal-corrector regimens (BB) versus a sliding scale scheme (SS) in patients with diabetes or newly diagnosed hyperglycemia admitted to a conventional (not critical) medical or surgical hospital ward. METHOD: A Medline search was conducted. The Odds ratio was the main summary measure. A random effects model with the Mantel-Haenszel procedure was used...
April 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
Richard J Strilka, Mamie C Stull, Michael S Clemens, Stewart C McCaver, Scott B Armen
BACKGROUND: The critically ill can have persistent dysglycemia during the "subacute" recovery phase of their illness because of altered gene expression; it is also not uncommon for these patients to receive continuous enteral nutrition during this time. The optimal short-acting subcutaneous insulin therapy that should be used in this clinical scenario, however, is unknown. Our aim was to conduct a qualitative numerical study of the glucose-insulin dynamics within this patient population to answer the above question...
2016: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
Medha N Munshi, Hermes Florez, Elbert S Huang, Rita R Kalyani, Maria Mupanomunda, Naushira Pandya, Carrie S Swift, Tracey H Taveira, Linda B Haas
Diabetes is more common in older adults, has a high prevalence in long-term care (LTC) facilities, and is associated with significant disease burden and higher cost. The heterogeneity of this population with regard to comorbidities and overall health status is critical to establishing personalized goals and treatments for diabetes. The risk of hypoglycemia is the most important factor in determining glycemic goals due to the catastrophic consequences in this population. Simplified treatment regimens are preferred, and the sole use of sliding scale insulin (SSI) should be avoided...
February 2016: Diabetes Care
Emily K Acton, Charles E Leonard, Mark H Schutta, Serena Cardillo, Andrea B Troxel, Rebecca Trotta, Sean Hennessy
BACKGROUND: To examine the feasibility of implementing clinician-supported inpatient self-managed insulin to aid in the planning of a randomized clinical trial. RESULTS: We conducted a proof-of-concept interventional study of inpatients with diabetes mellitus who had hospital orders for basal-bolus or sliding scale insulin. Patients meeting inclusion criteria were offered the opportunity to manage their own basal-bolus insulin with support from a diabetes nurse practitioner...
2015: BMC Research Notes
A Barg, H Hörterer, M Jacxsens, M Wiewiorski, J Paul, V Valderrabano
OBJECTIVE: To correct the underlying inframalleolar varus deformity and to restore physiologic biomechanics of the hindfoot. INDICATIONS: Neurologic, posttraumatic, congenital, and idiopathic cavovarus deformity. In patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis with varus heel malposition as additional single-stage procedure complementing total ankle replacement. Severe peroneal tendinopathy with concomitant cavovarus deformity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical or anesthesiological risks, infections, critical soft tissue conditions, nonmanageable hindfoot instability, neurovascular impairment of the lower extremity, neuroarthropathy (e...
August 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Elliot Sternthal, Patricia Underwood, Christos S Mantzoros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Joshua D Valgardson, Maricruz Merino, Jamie Redgrave, James I Hudson, Margo S Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines recommend a physiologic approach to non-intensive care unit (ICU) inpatient glucose management utilizing basal-bolus with correctional (BBC) insulin over traditional sliding-scale insulin monotherapy. Unfortunately, few studies exist using a BBC approach restricted to human insulins (regular and neutral protamine Hagedorn [NPH]). This study evaluated changes in provider prescribing patterns, effects on blood glucose, and safety with implementation of hospital order sets for BBC using human insulins...
July 2015: Endocrine Practice
Fakhri Sabouhi, Mahboubeh Maleki, Masoud Amini, Maryam Kerdegari
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome is the most common disease in the world. Several studies suggest that hyperglycemia is associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of insulin infusion protocol and conventional therapy on the blood glucose level and outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients with diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 64 patients (32 in each group) with acute coronary syndrome and acute myocardial infarction, who were admitted to the coronary care unit in a hospital in Isfahan, Iran in 2012...
May 2015: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Yen-Ying Lee, You-Meei Lin, Wuan-Jin Leu, Mei-Yi Wu, Ju-Huei Tseng, Meng-Ting Hsu, Chia-Shan Tsai, An-Tsz Hsieh, Ka-Wai Tam
BACKGROUND: Sliding-scale insulin has been widely used in treating inpatient hyperglycemia. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and possible adverse effects of sliding-scale insulin in hospitalized patients. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and registry were searched for studies published up to May 2015. Individual effect sizes were standardized, and a meta-analysis was performed to calculate a pooled effect size using random effects models...
September 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Maaike C Gerards, E C Cohen Tervaert, J B L Hoekstra, T M Vriesendorp, V E A Gerdes
AIMS: Treatment with glucocorticoids for neoplasms and inflammatory disorders is frequently complicated by glucocorticoid induced hyperglycaemia (GCIH). GCIH is associated with adverse outcomes and its treatment has short term and long term benefits. Currently, treatment targets and modalities depend on local protocols and habits of individual clinicians. We explored current practice of screening and treatment of GCIH in patients receiving glucocorticoid pulse therapy. METHODS: A factorial survey with written case vignettes...
August 2015: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Javier Ena, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas, Marta Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Zapatero Gaviria, Ana Calzada-Valle, Jose Manuel Varela-Aguilar, Maria de la Luz Calero-Bernal, Rosa Garcia-Contreras, Miguel Angel Berdún-Chéliz, Borja Gracia-Tello, Inmaculada Mejias-Real, Concepción González-Becerra
AIMS: Despite the increasing prevalence of hospitalized diabetic patients, there are few studies that evaluate the glycemic control and the rate of adherence to clinical practice guidelines for glucose monitoring and management in the hospital setting. METHODS: Crossover study using one-day surveys of all inpatients admitted to internal medicine wards from voluntary participating hospitals across Spain. Retrospective review of medical records was used to identify patients with hyperglycemia, causes for hospitalization, patients' demographic characteristics, appropriateness of glycemic monitoring and treatment during hospitalization...
July 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Pattani Danisha, Chandrasekhar Dilip, Panakkal Linu Mohan, Cholamugath Shinu, Jaffer Chalil Parambil, Muhammed Sajid
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify and evaluate potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in geriatric patients using Beers criteria and also to identify adverse drug events (ADEs) due to PIMs and various drug-drug interactions. METHODS: The medications in the prescriptions of patients above 60 years of age, their dosage regimen respective of their diagnosis were analyzed. Each medication was then checked with Beers list tables, and any medication if mentioned in the Beers list, was noted along with its strength of recommendation and quality of evidence...
July 2015: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"