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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881928/internet-use-and-addiction-among-medical-students-of-universiti-sultan-zainal-abidin-malaysia
#1
Mainul Haque, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder, Seraj Zohurul Haque, Zubair M Kamal, Zakirul Islam, Atm Emdadul Haque, Nor Iza A Rahman, Ahmed Ghazi Alattraqchi
BACKGROUND: The use of Internet has now become indispensable, and the technology has revolutionized the medical education and practice worldwide. Currently, medical students and professionals have an enormous opportunity to keep them always updated with the exponential growth of knowledge because of potential progression of Internet throughout the world that enables them to become a lifelong learner. Internet addiction is a widespread phenomenon among students and academicians at universities in Malaysia...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881123/reflective-practice-and-its-role-in-facilitating-creative-responses-to-dilemmas-within-clinical-communication-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Gabriele Lutz, Gudrun Roling, Bettina Berger, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Christian Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a major factor in delivering high quality in care. Research indicates that current communication skills training alone might not sufficiently enable students to find context-specific creative solutions to individual complex personal and interpersonal challenges in the clinical context. This study explores medical students' experiences with real communication dilemmas in a facilitated group setting. The aims were to gain a better understanding of whether and, if so, how reflective practice can enhance students' ability to find creative individual solutions in difficult communication situations and to identify factors within the reflective setting that foster their creative competency...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796921/training-psychiatry-residents-in-professionalism-in-the-digital-world
#3
REVIEW
Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton, Michael C Lang, Jennifer Ingersoll
Professionalism is an abstract concept which makes it difficult to define, assess and teach. An additional layer of complexity is added when discussing professionalism in the context of digital technology, the internet and social media - the digital world. Current physicians-in-training (residents and fellows) are digital natives having been raised in a digital, media saturated world. Consequently, their use of digital technology and social media has been unconstrained - a reflection of it being integral to their social construct and identity...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782915/cutting-close-to-the-bone-student-trauma-free-speech-and-institutional-responsibility-in-medical-education
#4
Arno K Kumagai, Brittani Jackson, Saleem Razack
Learning the societal roles and responsibilities of the physician may involve difficult, contentious conversations about topics such as race, gender, sexual orientation, and class, as well as violence, inequities, sexual assault, and child abuse. If not done well, these discussions may be deeply traumatizing to learners for whom these subjects "cut close to the bone." Equally traumatizing is exposure to injustice and mistreatment, as well as to the sights, sounds, and smells of suffering and pain in the clinical years...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767341/a-survey-of-challenges-experienced-by-new-learners-coding-the-rorschach
#5
Donald J Viglione, Gregory J Meyer, Ana Cristina Resende, Claudia Pignolo
Learning to code the imagery, communication, and behavior associated with Rorschach responding is challenging. Although there is some survey research on graduate students' impressions of their Rorschach training, research has not identified which coding decisions students find to be the most problematic and time-consuming. We surveyed students to identify what they struggled with most when learning coding and to quantify how difficult it is to learn how to code. Participants (n = 191) from the United States, Brazil, Denmark, Israel, and Italy rated 57 aspects of coding using a 4-point scale that encompassed both the time required to code and the subjective difficulty of doing so...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741071/improved-team-performance-during-pediatric-resuscitations-after-rapid-cycle-deliberate-practice-compared-with-traditional-debriefing-a-pilot-study
#6
Daniel S Lemke, Elaine K Fielder, Deborah C Hsu, Cara B Doughty
INTRODUCTION: Simulation-based medical education (SBME) improves medical knowledge compared with no intervention. In traditional SBME, more time is spent debriefing than practicing skills. Rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP) simulation allows learners to practice skills repetitively, receive brief interspersed feedback, and has been shown to improve individual performance of resuscitation skills in simulation; it has not been compared with traditional simulation methods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare traditional and RCDP SBME...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738573/emergency-medicine-in-remote-regions
#7
Tia Renouf, Megan Pollard
Rural and remote places like Sable Island (Nova Scotia) or François (Newfoundland) pose a challenge in delivering both health care and appropriate education that today's learners need to practice in a rural setting. This education can be difficult to deliver to students far from academic centers. This is especially true for learners and practitioners at offshore locations like ships, oil installations, or in the air when patients are transported via fixed wing aircraft or helicopter. The following editorial provides a snapshot of the setting and the challenges faced while working as a physician on a ship, in remote regions...
September 9, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703687/social-learning-solves-the-problem-of-narrow-peaked-search-landscapes-experimental-evidence-in-humans
#8
Alberto Acerbi, Claudio Tennie, Alex Mesoudi
The extensive use of social learning is considered a major reason for the ecological success of humans. Theoretical considerations, models and experiments have explored the evolutionary basis of social learning, showing the conditions under which learning from others is more adaptive than individual learning. Here we present an extension of a previous experimental set-up, in which individuals go on simulated 'hunts' and their success depends on the features of a 'virtual arrowhead' they design. Individuals can modify their arrowhead either by individual trial and error or by copying others...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621715/salience-in-second-language-acquisition-physical-form-learner-attention-and-instructional-focus
#9
Myrna C Cintrón-Valentín, Nick C Ellis
We consider the role of physical form, prior experience, and form focused instruction (FFI) in adult language learning. (1) When presented with competing cues to interpretation, learners are more likely to attend to physically more salient cues in the input. (2) Learned attention is an associative learning phenomenon where prior-learned cues block those that are experienced later. (3) The low salience of morphosyntactic cues can be overcome by FFI, which leads learners to attend cues which might otherwise be ignored...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580506/effect-of-evidence-based-practice-programs-on-individual-barriers-of-workforce-nurses-an-integrative-review
#10
Reginald Middlebrooks, Heather Carter-Templeton, Angela R Mund
UNLABELLED: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534838/adaptive-elearning-modules-for-cytopathology-education-a-review-and-approach
#11
T Danielle Samulski, Teresa La, Roseann I Wu
Clinical training imposes time and resource constraints on educators and learners, making it difficult to provide and absorb meaningful instruction. Additionally, innovative and personalized education has become an expectation of adult learners. Fortunately, the development of web-based educational tools provides a possible solution to these challenges. Within this review, we introduce the utility of adaptive eLearning platforms in pathology education. In addition to a review of the current literature, we provide the reader with a suggested approach for module creation, as well as a critical assessment of an available platform, based on our experience in creating adaptive eLearning modules for teaching basic concepts in gynecologic cytopathology...
November 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445943/effects-of-the-native-language-on-the-learning-of-fundamental-frequency-in-second-language-speech-segmentation
#12
Annie Tremblay, Mirjam Broersma, Caitlin E Coughlin, Jiyoun Choi
This study investigates whether the learning of prosodic cues to word boundaries in speech segmentation is more difficult if the native and second/foreign languages (L1 and L2) have similar (though non-identical) prosodies than if they have markedly different prosodies (Prosodic-Learning Interference Hypothesis). It does so by comparing French, Korean, and English listeners' use of fundamental-frequency (F0) rise as a cue to word-final boundaries in French. F0 rise signals phrase-final boundaries in French and Korean but word-initial boundaries in English...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422052/supervising-international-students-in-clinical-placements-perceptions-of-experiences-and-factors-influencing-competency-development
#13
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
BACKGROUND: Health professional education programs attract students from around the world and clinical supervisors frequently report that international students find learning in clinical placement contexts particularly challenging. In existing literature clinical supervisors, who support international students on placement have identified concerns about their communication and interactions within clinical environments. However, clinical supervisors' perspectives about their experiences with international students on placement and the strategies they utilise to facilitate international student learning have not been described...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331229/academic-family-health-teams-part-2-patient-perceptions-of-access
#14
June C Carroll, Yves Talbot, Joanne Permaul, Anastasia Tobin, Rahim Moineddin, Sean Blaine, Jeff Bloom, Debra Butt, Kelly Kay, Deanna Telner
OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' perceptions of primary care (PC) in the early development of academic family health teams (aFHTs)--interprofessional PC teams delivering care where family medicine and other health professional learners are trained--focusing on patients' perceptions of access and patients' satisfaction with services. DESIGN: Self-administered survey. SETTING: Six aFHTs in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients attending appointments and administrators at each of the aFHTs...
January 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312767/prospective-evaluation-of-the-learning-curve-for-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-placement
#15
Lori A Stolz, Anthony R Cappa, Michael R Minckler, Uwe Stolz, Ryan G Wyatt, Carl W Binger, Richard Amini, Srikar Adhikari
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear how many ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheters (USG PIVC) one must place to become proficient at the procedure. The objective of this study was to determine the learning curve associated with PIVC placement and determine how many attempts are required for non-physician learners to reach proficiency. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Emergency department (ED) nurses and paramedics with competence in traditional PIVC placement underwent a USG PIVC placement training program...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271822/inuc-stnc-a-sequence-based-predictor-for-identification-of-nucleosome-positioning-in-genomes-by-extending-the-concept-of-saac-and-chou-s-pseaac
#16
Muhammad Tahir, Maqsood Hayat
The nucleosome is the fundamental unit of eukaryotic chromatin, which participates in regulating different cellular processes. Owing to the huge exploration of new DNA primary sequences, it is indispensable to develop an automated model. However, identification of novel protein sequences using conventional methods is difficult or sometimes impossible because of vague motifs and the intricate structure of DNA. In this regard, an effective and high throughput automated model "iNuc-STNC" has been proposed in order to identify accurately and reliably nucleosome positioning in genomes...
July 19, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259397/improving-medical-students-application-of-knowledge-and-clinical-decision-making-through-a-porcine-based-integrated-cardiac-basic-science-program
#17
Martyn Charles Stott, Michael Richard Gooseman, Norman Paul Briffa
OBJECTIVE: Despite the concerted effort of modern undergraduate curriculum designers, the ability to integrate basic sciences in clinical rotations is an ongoing problem in medical education. Students and newly qualified doctors themselves report worry about the effect this has on their clinical performance. There are examples in the literature to support development of attempts at integrating such aspects, but this "vertical integration" has proven to be difficult. We designed an expert-led integrated program using dissection of porcine hearts to improve the use of cardiac basic sciences in clinical medical students' decision-making processes...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227415/on-the-difficulty-of-mending-metacognitive-illusions-a-priori-theories-fluency-effects-and-misattributions-of-the-interleaving-benefit
#18
Veronica X Yan, Elizabeth Ligon Bjork, Robert A Bjork
Interleaving exemplars of to-be-learned categories-rather than blocking exemplars by category-typically enhances inductive learning. Learners, however, tend to believe the opposite, even after their own performance has benefited from interleaving. In Experiments 1 and 2, the authors examined the influence of 2 factors that they hypothesized contribute to the illusion that blocking enhances inductive learning: Namely, that (a) blocking creates a sense of fluent extraction during study of the features defining a given category, and (b) learners come to the experimental task with a pre-existing belief that blocking instruction by topic is superior to intermixing topics...
July 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168596/multi-modal-curriculum-learning-for-semi-supervised-image-classification
#19
Chen Gong, Dacheng Tao, Steve Maybank, Wei Liu, Guoliang Kang, Jie Yang
Semi-supervised image classification aims to classify a large quantity of unlabeled images by harnessing typically scarce labeled images. Existing semi-supervised methods often suffer from inadequate classification accuracy when encountering difficult yet critical images such as outliers, because they treat all unlabeled images equally and conduct classifications in an imperfectly ordered sequence. In this paper, we employ the curriculum learning methodology by investigating the difficulty of classifying every unlabeled image...
May 5, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166328/a-multidimensional-scaling-study-of-native-and-non-native-listeners-perception-of-second-language-speech
#20
Jennifer A Foote, Pavel Trofimovich
Second language speech learning is predicated on learners' ability to notice differences between their own language output and that of their interlocutors. Because many learners interact primarily with other second language users, it is crucial to understand which dimensions underlie the perception of second language speech by learners, compared to native speakers. For this study, 15 non-native and 10 native English speakers rated 30-s language audio-recordings from controlled reading and interview tasks for dissimilarity, using all pairwise combinations of recordings...
April 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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