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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157816/effect-of-ipomoea-aquatica-ethanolic-extract-in-streptozotocin-stz-induced-diabetic-rats-via-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-approach
#1
Azliana Abu Bakar Sajak, Ahmed Mediani, Maulidiani, Nur Sumirah Mohd Dom, Chandradevan Machap, Muhajir Hamid, Amin Ismail, Alfi Khatib, Faridah Abas
BACKGROUND: Ipomoea aquatica (locally known as "kangkung") has previously been reported to have hypoglycemic activities on glucose level in diabetes patients. However, the effect of I. aquatica ethanolic extract on the metabolites in the body has remained unknown. PURPOSE: This study provides new insights on the changes of endogenous metabolites caused by I. aquatica ethanolic extract and improves the understanding on the therapeutic efficacy and mechanism of I...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153878/extensive-processing-of-sediment-pore-water-dissolved-organic-matter-during-anoxic-incubation-as-observed-by-high-field-mass-spectrometry-fticr-ms
#2
Juliana Valle, Michael Gonsior, Mourad Harir, Alex Enrich-Prast, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, David Bastviken, Ralf Conrad, Norbert Hertkorn
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) contained in lake sediments is a carbon source for many microbial degradation processes, including aerobic and anaerobic mineralization. During anaerobic degradation, DOM is partially consumed and transformed into new molecules while the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are produced. In this study, we used ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry to trace differences in the composition of solid-phase extractable (PPL resin) pore water DOM (SPE-DOM) isolated from surface sediments of three boreal lakes before and after 40 days of anoxic incubation, with concomitant determination of CH4 and CO2 evolution...
November 7, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151339/a-novel-tool-for-estrogenic-activity-measurements-in-water-using-diffusion-gradients-in-thin-film-coupled-with-an-estrogen-bioassay
#3
Wei Guo, Kersten Van Langenhove, Michael S Denison, Willy F Baeyens, Marc Elskens, Yue Gao
A novel type of diffusive gradients in thin-film (DGT) was combined with a chemically activated luciferase gene expression bioassay (CALUX) to measure estrogens in aquatic systems. The performance of this novel method was assessed with 17β-estradiol (E2) as the model steroid hormone, XAD 18 resin gel as the binding phase in the DGT method and VM7Luc4E2 cells (formerly BG1Luc4E2) for the Estrogen Responsive Element (ERE)-CALUX bioassay. The measured effective diffusion coefficient of E2 in agarose diffusive gel was 4...
November 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149558/quantification-of-humic-substances-in-natural-water-using-nitrogen-doped-carbon-dots
#4
Yan-Fang Guan, Bao-Cheng Huang, Chen Qian, Han-Qing Yu
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitous in aqueous environments and plays a significant role in pollutant mitigation, transformation and organic geochemical circulation. DOM is also capable of forming carcinogenic by-products in the disinfection treatment processes of drinking water. Thus, efficient methods for DOM quantification are highly desired. In this work, a novel sensor for rapid and selective detection of humic substances (HS), a key component of DOM, based on fluorescence quenching of nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots was developed...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149172/spectroscopic-characterization-of-dom-and-the-nitrogen-removal-mechanism-during-wastewater-reclamation-plant
#5
Lei Wang, Ying-Jun Li, Ying Xiong, Wen-Bing Tan, Lie-Yu Zhang, Xiang Li, Xiao-Shu Wang, Jian-Feng Xu, Tong-Tong Li, Jin-Sheng Wang, Ming-Xuan Cai, Bei-Dou Xi, Di-Hua Wang
The performance of the Sha-he wastewater reclamation plant was evaluated in this study. To remove residual nitrogen after Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (A2O) treatment, three multistage Anoxic-Oxic (A/O) were added to investigate the nitrogen removal efficiency and its mechanism. In addition, the constituents and evolution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during wastewater reclamation was also investigated using a method combining fluorescence spectroscopy with fluorescence regional integration (FRI). The results suggested that multistage A/O treatment can effectively improve the nitrogen removal ability under low concentrations of carbon sources...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148733/fluorescence-and-quenching-assessment-eem-parafac-of-de-facto-potable-reuse-in-the-neuse-river-north-carolina-united-states
#6
Martha J M Wells, Gene A Mullins, Katherine Y Bell, Allegra K Da Silva, Eileen M Navarrete
The Neuse River, North Carolina, U.S., exemplifies a typical de facto potable reuse scenario, where drinking water sources are located downstream of treated wastewater effluent discharges. The study results imply that planned potable water reuse, whether in an indirect or direct potable reuse scenario, might provide better control over water quality than the status quo conditions. Using fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) measurements, anthropogenic influence of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharge was observed in samples near the location of drinking water treatment plant (WTP) intakes, eight or more miles downstream of the WWTP, implying that anthropogenic compounds were not fully removed or degraded by natural processes in this reach of the river...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146163/a-comparative-biomechanical-study-of-femoral-cortical-suspension-devices-for-soft-tissue-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-adjustable-length-loop-versus-fixed-length-loop
#7
Moon Jong Chang, Tae Soo Bae, Young-Wan Moon, Jin Hwan Ahn, Joon Ho Wang
PURPOSE: To determine whether there are differences between adjustable-length loop and fixed-length loop devices in terms of the amount of displacement, temporal pattern of displacement, and ultimate failure load when tested using 4,500 cycles of sinusoidal loading with high loads (100-400 N). METHODS: Two cortical suspension devices with a fixed- or adjustable-length loop were tested. For our comparisons, a 20-mm fixed-length loop device and a fixed-length loop device with the same loop length were used...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145090/comparative-study-of-dissolved-organic-matter-generated-from-activated-sludge-during-exposure-to-hypochlorite-hydrogen-peroxide-acid-and-alkaline-implications-for-on-line-chemical-cleaning-of-mbr
#8
Weiwei Cai, Yu Liu
Although on-line chemical cleaning has been extensively employed for maintaining the MBR permeability, little attention has been given to the negative impacts of such prevalent membrane cleaning practice. This study thus comparatively investigated the potential release of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from activated sludge upon the exposure to different kinds of frequently-used cleaning reagents, i.e. NaClO, H2O2, HCl and NaOH. It was found that NaClO at 50 and 80 mg L(-1) triggered significant release of DOM, while NaOH strongly promoted soluble nitrogen release...
November 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143257/environmental-characteristics-and-changes-of-sediment-pore-water-dissolved-organic-matter-in-four-chinese-lakes
#9
Khan M G Mostofa, Wen Li, Fengchang Wu, Cong-Qiang Liu, Haiqing Liao, Li Zeng, Min Xiao
Sediment pore waters were examined in four Chinese lakes (Bosten, Qinghai, Chenghai and Dianchi) to characterise the sources of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and their microbial changes in the sediment depth profiles. Parallel factor (PARAFAC) modelling on the sample fluorescence spectra confirmed that the pore water DOM was mostly composed of two components with a mixture of both allochthonous and autochthonous fulvic acid-like substances in three lakes, except Lake Dianchi, and protein-like components in Lake Bosten...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143101/candidate-biomarkers-in-the-cervical-vaginal-fluid-for-the-self-diagnosis-of-cervical-precancer
#10
REVIEW
Xaveer Van Ostade, Martin Dom, Wiebren Tjalma, Geert Van Raemdonck
PURPOSE: Despite improvement in vaccines against human papilloma virus (HPV), the causative agent of cervical cancer, screening women for cervical precancer will remain indispensable in the coming 30-40 years. A simple test that could be performed at home or at a doctor's practice and that informs the woman whether she is at risk would significantly help make a broader group of patients who aware that they need medical treatment. Cervical vaginal fluid (CVF) is a body fluid that is very well suited for such a test...
November 15, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136372/photochemical-alteration-of-dissolved-organic-sulfur-from-sulfidic-porewater
#11
Gonzalo V Gomez-Saez, Anika M Pohlabeln, Aron Stubbins, Chris M Marsay, Thorsten Dittmar
Sulfidic sediments are a source of dissolved organic sulfur (DOS) to the ocean but the fate of sedimentary DOS in the oxic, sunlit water column is unknown. We hypothesized that photodegradation after discharge from the dark sedimentary environment results in DOS molecular transformation and decomposition. To test this hypothesis, sulfidic porewater from a saltmarsh was exposed to potential abiotic transformations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the water column. We quantitatively investigated DOM transformations via elemental analysis and molecularly via ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130570/cold-water-or-partial-body-cryotherapy-comparison-of-physiological-responses-and-recovery-following-muscle-damage
#12
Erich Hohenauer, Joseph T Costello, Rahel Stoop, Ursula M Küng, Peter Clarys, Tom Deliens, Ron Clijsen
The aim of this study was to compare i) the physiological responses following cold-water immersion (CWI) and partial-body cryotherapy (PBC) and ii) the effects on recovery following a muscle-damaging protocol (5 x 20 drop jumps). Nineteen healthy males were randomly allocated into either a CWI (10 °C for 10 min; n = 9) or a PBC (-60 °C for 30 sec, -135 °C for 2 min; n = 10) group. The physiological variables (thigh muscle oxygen saturation [SmO2 ], cutaneous vascular conductance [CVC], mean-arterial pressure [MAP] and local skin temperature) were assessed immediately prior and up to 60 min post-treatment (10 min intervals)...
November 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128766/low-biodegradability-of-dissolved-organic-matter-and-trace-metals-from-subarctic-waters
#13
Olga V Oleinikova, Liudmila S Shirokova, Olga Y Drozdova, Sergey A Lapitskiy, Oleg S Pokrovsky
The heterotrophic mineralization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) controls the CO2 flux from the inland waters to the atmosphere, especially in the boreal waters, although the mechanisms of this process and the fate of trace metals associated with DOM remain poorly understood. We studied the interaction of culturable aquatic (Pseudomonas saponiphila) and soil (Pseudomonas aureofaciens) Gammaproteobacteria with seven different organic substrates collected in subarctic settings. These included peat leachate, pine crown throughfall, fen, humic lake, stream, river, and oligotrophic lake with variable dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations (from 4 to 60mgL(-1))...
November 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122349/impact-of-brominated-amines-on-monochloramine-stability-during-in-line-and-pre-formed-chloramination-assessed-by-kinetic-modelling
#14
Sébastien Allard, Keith Cadee, Rachel Tung, Jean-Philippe Croué
In this study, a comprehensive kinetic model was developed and validated to predict the stability of monochloramine (NH2Cl) in presence of iodide and bromide for both pre-formed and in-line chloramination application in absence of organic matter. pH had the greatest influence on the stability of NH2Cl in waters containing bromide. For in-line chloramination, the NH2Cl decay over 3days was only 10% for pH9 and 58% for pH7 (400μgBr(-)/L and 3 mgCl2/L). Bromide also greatly affected the stability of NH2Cl by influencing the formation and speciation of the halamines produced during chloramination...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117906/molecular-characterization-of-macrophyte-derived-dissolved-organic-matters-and-their-implications-for-lakes
#15
Shasha Liu, Tianhui Zhao, Yuanrong Zhu, Xiaoxia Qu, Zhongqi He, John P Giesy, Wei Meng
Chemical properties of whole organic matter (OM) and its dissolved organic matter (DOM) extracted from three types of dominant macrophytes in Lake Dianchi were comparatively characterized using elemental analysis, UV, 3D-EEM and (13)C NMR spectroscopy and their implications for lakes were discussed. Ratios of C/N and C/P were least in the floating water hyacinth and submerged sago pondweed, while total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and phosphorus (TDP), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and phosphorus (DOP) were greatest in those species...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117467/nsaids-may-blunt-more-than-pain
#16
EDITORIAL
Brad Schoenfeld
In this issue of Acta Physiologica, Lilja et al. (1) provide novel insights into the effects of consuming high-doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on exercise-induced muscular adaptations. NSAIDs are routinely administered to relieve symptoms associated with delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and restore normal physical function following intense physical activity. Millions worldwide report the daily intake of NSAIDS, and their usage is especially common in athletes and those who partake in rigorous exercise (2) ...
November 8, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114528/effect-of-compression-garments-on-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-and-blood-inflammatory-markers-after-eccentric-exercise-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Jieun Kim, Jooyoung Kim, Joohyung Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate how compression garments, applied after eccentric exercise, can affect delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and inflammatory markers. Sixteen healthy male university students enrolled in this study and were randomly assigned to either the compression garment group (CG, n=8) or control group (CON, n=8). All participants performed two sets of eccentric exercise using elbow flexor with 25 repetitions per set on a modified preacher curl machine. Maximal isometric strength was measured before exercise and immediately, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr after eccentric exercise...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103064/risk-factors-associated-with-adjacent-vertebral-compression-fracture-following-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-after-menopause-a-retrospective-study
#18
Hua Li, Da-Long Yang, Lei Ma, Hui Wang, Wen-Yuan Ding, Si-Dong Yang
BACKGROUND Clinically, percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is frequently applied to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). It is believed that new compression fractures are more likely to occur adjacent to the PVP-treated segment, typically within 1 month after PVP. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors for adjacent vertebral compression fractures (AVCF) after PVP in patients with OVCF after menopause. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between Jun 2012 and Dec 2016, 412 patients were initially identified...
November 5, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102844/dynamics-of-dissolved-organic-matter-dom-in-a-typical-inland-lake-of-the-three-gorges-reservoir-area-fluorescent-properties-and-their-implications-for-dissolved-mercury-species
#19
Tao Jiang, Xueshuang Chen, Dingyong Wang, Jian Liang, Weiyang Bai, Cheng Zhang, Qilei Wang, Shiqiang Wei
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important environmental and ecological role in inland aquatic systems, including lakes. In this study, using fluorescence analysis, we investigated the seasonal dynamics of DOM characteristics in Changshou Lake, which is a typical inland lake in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) area. We also discuss the environmental implications of DOM for mercury (Hg) dynamics. Based on the origins of two end-members, the variations in DOM observed in this study in Changshou Lake suggest that hydrological processes (e...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101883/investigating-binding-characteristics-of-cadmium-and-copper-to-dom-derived-from-compost-and-rice-straw-using-eem-parafac-combined-with-two-dimensional-ftir-correlation-analyses
#20
Mei Huang, Zhongwu Li, Bin Huang, Ninglin Luo, Qiu Zhang, Xiuqing Zhai, Guangming Zeng
The binding of Cd and Cu to dissolved organic matter (DOM) derived from compost (CP) and rice straw (ST) was studied through an approach combining parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCOS). Both humic-like and protein-like substances have been observed in CP and ST. Comparing with the Cu, Cd exhibited a lower affinity to DOM, and the quenching curve of Cd failed to be fitted by the Ryan and Weber Model, indicating that the environmental risk caused by applying CP or ST to Cd-polluted soil should be considered...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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