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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773804/smooth-muscle-like-ca-2-regulation-of-actin-myosin-interaction-in-adult-jellyfish-striated-muscle
#1
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Shiori Ishimaru, Yasuhiro Nagatsuka, Keisuke Ohashi
Cnidaria is an animal phylum, whose members probably have the most ancestral musculature. We prepared and characterized, for the first time to our knowledge, native actomyosin from the striated myoepithelium of the adult moon jelly Aurelia sp. The actomyosin contained myosin, paramyosin-like protein, Ser/Thr-kinase, actin, and two isoforms of tropomyosin, but not troponin, which is known to activate contraction dependent on intracellular Ca2+ signaling in almost all striated muscles of bilaterians. Notably, the myosin comprised striated muscle-type heavy chain and smooth muscle-type regulatory light chains...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773223/corrigendum-to-non-muscle-myosin-iia-and-iib-differentially-regulate-cell-shape-changes-during-zebrafish-brain-morphogenesis-dev-biol-397-2015-103-115
#2
Jennifer H Gutzman, Srishti U Sahu, Constance Kwas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772264/reactive-oxygen-species-impair-the-excitation-contraction-coupling-of-papillary-muscles-after-acute-exposure-to-a-high-copper-concentration
#3
Filipe Martinuzo Filetti, Dalton Valentim Vassallo, Mirian Fioresi, Maylla Ronacher Simões
Copper is an essential metal for homeostasis and the functioning of living organisms. We investigated the effects of a high copper concentration on the myocardial mechanics, investigating the reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated effects. The developed force of papillary muscles was reduced after acute exposure to a high copper concentration and was prevented by co-incubation with tempol, DMSO and catalase. The reuptake of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum was reduced by copper and restored by tempol. The contractile response to Ca2+ was reduced and reversed by antioxidants...
May 14, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771636/subcellular-topography-modulates-actin-dynamics-and-signaling-in-b-cells
#4
Christina M Ketchum, Xiaoyu Sun, Alexandra Suberi, John T Fourkas, Wenxia Song, Arpita Upadhyaya
B cell signaling activation is most effectively triggered by the binding of B cell receptors (BCRs) to membrane-bound antigens.  In vivo, B cells encounter antigen on antigen presenting cells (APC), which possess complex surfaces with convoluted topographies, a fluid membrane and deformable cell bodies. However, whether and how the physical properties of antigen presentation affect B cell activation is not well understood. Here, we use nanotopographic surfaces that allow systematic variation of geometric parameters to show that surface features on a subcellular scale influence B cell signaling and actin dynamics...
May 17, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771428/ampk-regulates-energy-metabolism-through-the-sirt1-signaling-pathway-to-improve-myocardial-hypertrophy
#5
H-W Dong, L-F Zhang, S-L Bao
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlations of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), Silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and energy metabolism with myocardial hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Myocardial hypertrophy experimental model was established via transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced myocardial hypertrophy and phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophic myocardial cell culture. After activation of AMPK, the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expressions in myocardial tissue- and myocardial cell hypertrophy-related genes, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), were detected...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769531/myosin1d-is-an-evolutionarily-conserved-regulator-of-animal-left-right-asymmetry
#6
Thomas Juan, Charles Géminard, Jean-Baptiste Coutelis, Delphine Cerezo, Sophie Polès, Stéphane Noselli, Maximilian Fürthauer
The establishment of left-right (LR) asymmetry is fundamental to animal development, but the identification of a unifying mechanism establishing laterality across different phyla has remained elusive. A cilia-driven, directional fluid flow is important for symmetry breaking in numerous vertebrates, including zebrafish. Alternatively, LR asymmetry can be established independently of cilia, notably through the intrinsic chirality of the acto-myosin cytoskeleton. Here, we show that Myosin1D (Myo1D), a previously identified regulator of Drosophila LR asymmetry, is essential for the formation and function of the zebrafish LR organizer (LRO), Kupffer's vesicle (KV)...
May 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768059/pentabromopseudilin-a-myosin-v-inhibitor-suppresses-tgf-%C3%AE-activity-by-recruiting-the-type-ii-tgf-%C3%AE-receptor-to-lysosomal-degradation
#7
Wang Shih-Wei, Chung Chih-Ling, Yu-Chen Kao, René Martin, Hans-Joachim Knölker, Meng-Shin Shiao, Chun-Lin Chen
Pentabromopseudilin (PBrP) is a marine antibiotic isolated from the marine bacteria Pseudomonas bromoutilis and Alteromonas luteoviolaceus. PBrP exhibits antimicrobial, anti-tumour, and phytotoxic activities. In mammalian cells, PBrP is known to act as a reversible and allosteric inhibitor of myosin Va (MyoVa). In this study, we report that PBrP is a potent inhibitor of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) activity. PBrP inhibits TGF-β-stimulated Smad2/3 phosphorylation, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protein production and blocks TGF-β-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in epithelial cells...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767236/fenretinide-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-human-liver-cancer-hepg2-cells-by-downregulating-the-activation-of-myosin-light-chain-kinase-through-the-p38%C3%A2-mapk-signaling-pathway
#8
Ling Zhang, Daobin Huang, Decui Shao, Hui Liu, Qing Zhou, Shuyu Gui, Wei Wei, Yuan Wang
N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR or fenretinide), which is a synthetic analog of all‑trans retinoic acid (ATRA), effectively inhibits the growth of several types of tumor cells; however, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. We found that 4‑HPR altered the morphology of human liver cancer HepG2 cells and also inhibited their proliferation and suppressed the colony formation in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner. A wound healing assay revealed that 4‑HPR significantly hindered HepG2 cell migration, and that this was accompanied by the phosphorylation of p38‑MAPK (mitogen‑activated protein kinase)...
May 16, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761627/muscle-fiber-type-diversity-revealed-by-anti-myosin-heavy-chain-antibodies
#9
REVIEW
Stefano Schiaffino
Different forms of myosin heavy chains (MyHCs), coded by a large family of sarcomeric MYH genes, are expressed in striated muscles. The generation of specific anti-MyHC antibodies has provided a powerful tool to define the fiber types present in skeletal muscles, their functional properties, their response to conditions that affect muscle plasticity and their changes in muscle disorders. Cardiomyocyte heterogeneity has been revealed by the serendipitous observation that different MyHCs are present in atrial and ventricular myocardium and in heart conduction tissue...
May 14, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761173/liver-enriched-transcription-factor-expression-relates-to-chronic-hepatic-failure-in-humans
#10
Jorge Guzman-Lepe, Eduardo Cervantes-Alvarez, Alexandra Collin de l'Hortet, Yang Wang, Wendy M Mars, Yoshinao Oda, Yuki Bekki, Masahiro Shimokawa, Huanlin Wang, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yoshihiko Maehara, Aaron Bell, Ira J Fox, Kazuki Takeishi, Alejandro Soto-Gutierrez
The mechanisms by which the liver fails in end-stage liver disease remain elusive. Disruption of the transcription factor network in hepatocytes has been suggested to mediate terminal liver failure in animals. However, this hypothesis remains unexplored in human subjects. To study the relevance of transcription factor expression in terminal stages of chronic liver failure in humans, we analyzed the expression of liver-enriched transcription factors (LETFs) hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)4α, HNF1α, forkhead box protein A2 (FOXA2), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (CEBP)α, and CEBPβ...
May 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754047/relationships-of-bone-characteristics-in-myo9b-deficient-femurs
#11
Do-Gyoon Kim, Yong-Hoon Jeong, Brooke K McMichael, Martin Bähler, Kyle Bodnyk, Ryan Sedlar, Beth S Lee
The objective of this study was to examine relationships among a variety of bone characteristics, including volumetric, mineral density, geometric, dynamic mechanical analysis, and static fracture mechanical properties. As MYO9B is an unconventional myosin in bone cells responsible for normal skeletal growth, bone characteristics of wild-type (WT), heterozygous (HET), and MYO9B knockout (KO) mice groups were compared as an animal model to express different bone quantity and quality. Forty-five sex-matched 12-week-old mice were used in this study...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752408/interleukin-6-mediated-trans-signaling-inhibits-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-signaling-in-trabecular-meshwork-cells
#12
Miyuki Inoue-Mochita, Toshihiro Inoue, Sachi Kojima, Akiko Futakuchi, Tomokazu Fujimoto, Saori Sato-Ohira, Utako Tsutsumi, Hidenobu Tanihara
Glaucoma is one of the major causes of blindness, and TGF-β2 has been found to be elevated in the aqueous humor of eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). TGF-β2 in aqueous humor causes the glaucoma-related fibrosis of human trabecular meshwork (HTM), suggesting an important role of TGF-β in POAG pathogenesis. Here, we sought to elucidate the effects of IL-6 trans-signaling on TGF-β signaling in HTM cells. Using a multiplex immunoassay, POAG patients decreased IL-6 levels and increased soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) levels compared with the controls...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751400/2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induces-alterations-in-myogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-cells
#13
Heidi Q Xie, Yingjie Xia, Tuan Xu, Yangsheng Chen, Hualing Fu, Yunping Li, Yali Luo, Li Xu, Karl W K Tsim, Bin Zhao
Dioxin-induced toxicities that affect the development of the motor system have been proposed since many years. However, cellular evidence and the molecular basis for the effects are limited. In this study, a cultured mouse myoblast cell line, C2C12, was utilized to examine the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on myogenic differentiation and expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), a neuromuscular transmission-related gene. The results showed that TCDD exposure at 10-10  M repressed the myotube formation of C2C12 cells by disturbing the fusion process and suppressing the expression of myosin heavy chain, a myobute structural protein, and not by induction of cytotoxicity...
April 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751105/use-of-liquid-isoelectric-focusing-offgel-on-the-discovery-of-meat-tenderness-biomarkers
#14
Lorea R Beldarrain, Noelia Aldai, Brigitte Picard, Enrique Sentandreu, Jose L Navarro, Miguel A Sentandreu
Protein biomarkers of meat tenderness are known to be of primary importance for the prediction of meat quality, and hence, industry profitability. Proteome analysis was performed on meat from 8 Main Anjou beef cattle, previously classified as tender or tough meats by Warner Bratzler shear force measurements. Myofibrillar fraction of Longissimus thoracis muscle was separated by a novel fractionation approach based on liquid isoelectric focusing (OFFGEL) and further analyzed by SDS-PAGE and liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750574/exercise-training-during-chemotherapy-preserves-skeletal-muscle-fiber-area-capillarization-and-mitochondrial-content-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#15
Sara Mijwel, Daniele A Cardinale, Jessica Norrbom, Mark Chapman, Niklas Ivarsson, Yvonne Wengström, Carl Johan Sundberg, Helene Rundqvist
Exercise has been suggested to ameliorate the detrimental effects of chemotherapy on skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different exercise regimens with usual care on skeletal muscle morphology and mitochondrial markers in patients being treated with chemotherapy for breast cancer. Specifically, we compared moderate-intensity aerobic combined with high-intensity interval training (AT-HIIT) and resistance combined with high-intensity interval training (RT-HIIT) with usual care (UC)...
May 11, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749555/high-glucose-upregulates-myosin-light-chain-kinase-to-induce-microfilament-cytoskeleton-rearrangement-in-hippocampal-neurons
#16
Liying Zhu, Chengcheng Li, Guiqin Du, Meixiu Pan, Guoqi Liu, Wei Pan, Xing Li
Chronic hyperglycemia leads to myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) upregulation and induces neuronal damage. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of neuronal damage in hyperglycemia has not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, hippocampal neuronal cells were cultured and treated with a high glucose concentration (45 mmol/l). The results demonstrated that high glucose induced shrinking of the synapses, nuclear shape irregularity and microfilament damage. Filamentous actin (F‑actin) filaments were rearranged, cell apoptosis rate was increased and the protein expression of MLCK and phosphorylated (p)‑MLC was upregulated...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749391/corrigendum-the-phosphorylation-profile-of-myosin-binding-protein-c-slow-is-dynamically-regulated-in-slow-twitch-muscles-in-health-and-disease
#17
Maegen A Ackermann, Jaclyn P Kerr, Brendan King, Christopher W Ward, Aikaterini Kontrogianni-Konstantopoulos
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep12637.
May 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748547/region-of-interest-analysis-using-mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-mitochondrial-and-sarcomeric-proteins-in-acute-cardiac-infarction-tissue
#18
Yuka Yajima, Takuya Hiratsuka, Yu Kakimoto, Shuichiro Ogawa, Keisuke Shima, Yuzo Yamazaki, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Keiji Tamaki, Tatsuaki Tsuruyama
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization image mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) has been developed for the identification of peptides in various tissues. The MALDI-IMS signal distribution patterns and quantification of the signal intensities of the regions of interest (ROI) with healthy regions were compared for identification of the disease specific biomarkers. We performed a new ROI analysis using the conventional t-test and data number independent Cohen's d-value analysis. Using these techniques, we analysed heart tissues after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748378/myosin-1c-promotes-e-cadherin-tension-and-force-dependent-recruitment-of-%C3%AE-actinin-4-to-the-epithelial-cell-junction
#19
Nivetha Kannan, Vivian W Tang
Actomyosin II contractility in epithelial cell plays an essential role in tension-dependent adhesion strengthening. One key unsettling question is how cellular contraction transmits force to the nascent cell-cell adhesion when there is no stable attachment between the nascent adhesion complex and actin filament. Here, we show that myosin-1c is localized to the lateral membrane of polarized epithelial cells and facilitates the coupling between actin and cell-cell adhesion. Knockdown of myosin-1c compromised the integrity of the lateral membrane, reduced the generation of tension at E-cadherin, decreased the strength of cell-cell cohesion in an epithelial cell monolayer, and prevented force-dependent recruitment of junctional α-actinin-4...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747050/long-non-coding-rna-chrf-facilitates-cardiac-hypertrophy-through-regulating-akt3-via-mir-93
#20
Yang Wo, Jie Guo, Peihui Li, Hongxia Yang, Jinshan Wo
BACKGROUND: Non-coding RNAs, including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), have been demonstrated as central mediators in cardiac hypertrophy responses. LncRNA cardiac hypertrophy related factor (CHRF) has been reported to be implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. However, the underlying mechanisms of CHRF have not been thoroughly elucidated. METHODS: Expressions of CHRF and microRNA-93 (miR-93) in heart tissues and cardiomyocytes were detected by RT-qPCR assay...
April 11, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
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