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Nourdine Chakouri, Cyril Reboul, Doria Boulghobra, Adrien Kleindienst, Stéphane Nottin, Sandrine Gayrard, François Roubille, Stefan Matecki, Alain Lacampagne, Olivier Cazorla
BACKGROUND: The interplay between oxidative stress and other signaling pathways in the contractile machinery regulation during cardiac stress and its consequences on cardiac function remains poorly understood. We evaluated the effect of the crosstalk between β-adrenergic and redox signaling on post-translational modifications of sarcomeric regulatory proteins, Myosin Binding Protein-C (MyBP-C) and Troponin I (TnI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We mimicked in vitro high level of physiological cardiac stress by forcing rat hearts to produce high levels of oxidized glutathione...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Phu Hai Nguyen, Erika I Lutter, Ted Hackstadt
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates within a vacuole termed an inclusion. At the end of their intracellular developmental cycle, chlamydiae are released either by lysis of the host cell or extrusion of the intact inclusion. The inclusion membrane is extensively modified by the insertion of type III secreted inclusion membrane proteins, Incs, which contribute to inclusion membrane structure and facilitate host-pathogen interactions. An interaction was identified between the inclusion membrane protein, MrcA, and the Ca2+ channel inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor, type 3 (ITPR3)...
March 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Jihui Zhang, Jie Chen, Shannon C Mangat, Chathuri Perera Baruhupolage, David R Garrod, Clive Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Intracellular reactive oxidant species (ROS) are generated in human airway epithelial cells by the prothrombinase action of Group 1 house dust mite (HDM) allergens and by ligation of viral RNA sensor Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We explored signaling convergence between HDM allergens and TLRs in ROS generation because epithelial cells form the primary barrier against inhaled substances and dictate host responses to allergens and viruses. METHODS: ROS formation by Calu-3 human airway cells was studied by measuring dihydrorhodamine 123 oxidation after activation by polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (to activate TLR3), CL097 (to activate TLR7), a natural mixture of HDM allergens, or BzATP...
March 15, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Bernadette M Glasheen, Seemanti Ramanath, Monica Patel, Debra Sheppard, Joy T Puthawala, Lauren A Riley, Douglas M Swank
Muscles have evolved to power a wide variety of movements. A protein component critical to varying power generation is the myosin isoform present in the muscle. However, how functional variation in muscle arises from myosin structure is not well understood. We studied the influence of the converter, a myosin structural region at the junction of the lever arm and catalytic domain, using Drosophila because its single myosin heavy chain gene expresses five alternative converter versions (11a-e). We created five transgenic fly lines, each forced to express one of the converter versions in their indirect flight muscle (IFM) fibers...
March 13, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Carolyn J Baglole, Feng Liang, Hussein Traboulsi, Angela Rico de Souza, Christian Giordano, Josephine T Tauer, Frank Rauch, Basil J Petrof
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is most often caused by mutations in type I collagen genes. Respiratory complications have been largely attributed to spine and ribcage deformities. We hypothesized that direct involvement of the pulmonary parenchyma and/or diaphragm by the disease may occur. METHODS: In Col1a1Jrt/+ mice, a model of severe dominant OI, mean linear intercept length (Lm) was used to assess distal airspace size. Cross-sectional area (CSA) and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) phenotype of diaphragm muscle fibers, as well as contractile properties, were determined...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Hopker Luisa Moreira, Neves Juliana de Carvalho, Nascimento Daiane Jaqueline, Campos Eliene Dutra, Mendonça Tomas Scalamandre, Zanoteli Edmar, Allemann Norma
To determine the changes in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of myofibers and their subtype distribution based on the myosin isoform expression after bupivacaine (BUP) injection in the EOM of rabbits and help the understanding of strabismus correction after BUP injection in the clinical practice. A total of 32 rabbits received 0.3 mL of 1.5% BUP in the superior rectus muscle (SR) of the right eye (OD) and were sacrificed at days 7, 28, 60, and 92. Additional eight untouched rabbits were included as controls...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Yeming Xie, Koon Hee Han, Nathan Grainger, Wen Li, Robert D Corrigan, Brian A Perrino
Smooth muscle contraction involves regulating myosin light chain phosphorylation and dephosphorylation by myosin light chain kinase and myosin light chain phosphatase. CPI-17 and MYPT1 are crucial for regulating gastrointestinal smooth muscle contraction by inhibiting myosin light chain phosphatase. Integrin signalling involves the dynamic recruitment of several proteins, including FAK, to focal adhesions. FAK tyrosine kinase activation is involved in cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix via integrin signalling...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Ryan J Colquhoun, Mitchel A Magrini, Cody T Haun, Tyler W D Muddle, Patrick M Tomko, Micheal J Luera, Cameron S Mackey, Christopher G Vann, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, Jason M DeFreitas, Michael D Roberts, Nathaniel D M Jenkins
Previous investigations have reported a relationship between skeletal muscle phenotype and motor unit (MU) firing parameters during submaximal contractions. The purpose of the current investigation, however, was to examine the relationships between motor unit firing behavior during a maximal voluntary contraction, Myosin Heavy Chain (MHC) isoform content, and various molecular neuromuscular targets of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle in resistance-trained men. Ten resistance-trained males completed a trapezoidal ramp contraction up to 100% of their maximal voluntary isometric strength (MVIC)...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Louise P Cramer, Robert R Kay, Evgeny Zatulovskiy
Attractive and repulsive cell guidance is essential for animal life and important in disease. Cell migration toward attractants dominates studies [1-8], but migration away from repellents is important in biology yet relatively little studied [5, 9, 10]. It is widely held that cells initiate migration by protrusion of their front [11-15], yet this has not been explicitly tested for cell guidance because cell margin displacement at opposite ends of the cell has not been distinguished for any cue. We argue that protrusion of the front, retraction of the rear, or both together could in principle break cell symmetry and start migration in response to guidance cues [16]...
March 7, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Mindi Zhao, Jianqiang Wu, Xundou Li, Youhe Gao
Urine is a better source than plasma for biomarker studies, as it can accumulate all changes in the body. Various candidate urinary biomarkers of physiological condition, kidney disease and even brain dysfunction, have been detected in urine; however, urine has rarely been used to reflect cardiac diseases. In this study, urine at day 0, 14, 21 and 28 were collected from the myosin-induced autoimmune myocarditis rat models. The candidate urinary biomarkers were then characterized using the isobaric tandem mass tag labeling approach coupled with offline two-dimensional reverse-phase liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Timothy D Bryson, Xiaosong Gu, Remonda M Khalil, Safa Khan, Liping Zhu, Jiang Xu, Edward Peterson, Xiao-Ping Yang, Pamela Harding
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) signals through 4 separate G-protein coupled receptor sub-types to elicit a variety of physiologic and pathophysiological effects. We recently reported that PGE2 via its EP3 receptor could reduce cardiac contractility of isolated myocytes and the working heart preparation. We thus hypothesized that there is an imbalance in the EP3/EP4 ratio towards EP3 in the failing heart and that overexpression of EP4 in a mouse model of heart failure would improve cardiac function...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Xianfeng Ren, William Schmidt, Yiyuan Huang, Haisong Lu, Wenjie Liu, Weiming Bu, Roderic Eckenhoff, Anthony Cammarato, Wei Dong Gao
Supranormal contractile properties are frequently associated with cardiac diseases. Anesthetic agents, including propofol, can depress myocardial contraction. We tested the hypothesis that fropofol, a propofol derivative, reduces force development in cardiac muscles via inhibition of cross-bridge cycling and may therefore have therapeutic potential. Force and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+ ]i ) transients of rat trabecular muscles were determined. Myofilament ATPase, actin-activated myosin ATPase, and velocity of actin filaments propelled by myosin were also measured...
March 9, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Jia Zhang, Jiming Yin, Yangjia Wang, Bin Li, Xiangjun Zeng
The cause of the invalid reaction of smooth muscle cells to mechanical stimulation that results in a dysfunctional myogenic response that mediates the disruption of renal blood flow (RBF) in diabetic patients is debatable. The present study revealed that increased apelin concentration in serum of diabetic mice neutralized the myogenic response mediated by apelin receptor (APJ) and resulted in increased RBF, which promoted the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The results showed that apelin concentration, RBF, and albuminuria:creatinine ratio were all increased in kkAy mice, and increased RBF correlated positively to serum apelin both in C57 and diabetic mice...
March 9, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Marina Leone, Gentian Musa, Felix Benedikt Engel
Aims: After birth mammalian cardiomyocytes initiate a last cell cycle which results in binucleation due to cytokinesis failure. Despite its importance for cardiac regenerative therapies, this process is poorly understood. Here, we aimed at a better understanding of the difference between cardiomyocyte proliferation and binucleation, and providing a new tool to distinguish these two processes. Methods and Results: Monitoring of cell division by time-lapse imaging revealed that rat cardiomyocyte binucleation stems from a failure to properly ingress the cleavage furrow...
March 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Keith Pfannenstiel, Reid Hayward
Though highly effective, doxorubicin (DOX) use is limited by a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. The purpose of the study was to determine whether resistance training (RT) would protect against DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction and determine if any observed functional preservation is a result of reduced lipid peroxidation or a preservation of the cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform distribution. Rats were resistance trained or remained sedentary (SED) for 12 weeks, then treated with 12.5 mg/kg DOX or 0.9% saline...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Hong-Qiang Chen, Ji Zhao, Yan Li, Li-Xiong He, Yu-Jing Huang, Wei-Qun Shu, Jia Cao, Wen-Bin Liu, Jin-Yi Liu
Microcystin (MC) is a cyclic heptapeptide compound which could lead to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying epigenetic regulation mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, microcystin-LR (L: lysine, R: arginine, MC-LR) was used to induce the malignant transformation of human hepatocyte L02 cell line. The profile of gene expression, microRNA (miRNA) and DNA methylation were detected through high-throughput sequencing. Compared with control group, the expression of 826 genes and 187 miRNAs changed significantly in MC-LR treated group...
March 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Rebeca Caldeira Machado Berger, Acaris Benetti, Adriana Castello Costa Girardi, Ludimila Forechi, Rafaella Martins de Oliveira, Paula Frizera Vassallo, José Geraldo Mill
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension and adversely affects cardiac function. Conversely, sodium reduction is associated with a blood pressure decrease and improved cardiovascular function. However, the mechanisms that underlie the cardiac effects induced by salt intake in hypertension have not been fully elucidated. Ca2+ handling is critical for efficient myocardial function; thus, we aimed to investigate the long-term effects of diets with different salt contents on cardiac function and Ca2+ handling proteins in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs)...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Sofia Golenkina, Vishal Chaturvedi, Robert Saint, Michael J Murray
Netrin receptors of the DCC/NEO/UNC-40/Frazzled family have well established roles in cell migration and axon guidance but can also regulate epithelial features such as adhesion, polarity and adherens junction (AJ) stability. Previously, we have shown that overexpression of Drosophila Frazzled (Fra) in the peripodial epithelium (PE) inhibits wing disc eversion and also generates cellular protrusions typical of motile cells. Here, we tested whether the molecular pathways by which Fra inhibits eversion are distinct from those driving motility...
2018: PloS One
P W Gunning, E C Hardeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Cytoskeleton
Stanley M Walls, Anthony Cammarato, Dale A Chatfield, Karen Ocorr, Greg L Harris, Rolf Bodmer
Lipotoxic cardiomyopathy (LCM) is characterized by abnormal myocardial accumulation of lipids, including ceramide; however, the contribution of ceramide to the etiology of LCM is unclear. Here, we investigated the association of ceramide metabolism and ceramide-interacting proteins (CIPs) in LCM in the Drosophila heart model. We find that ceramide feeding or ceramide-elevating genetic manipulations are strongly associated with cardiac dilation and defects in contractility. High ceramide-associated LCM is prevented by inhibiting ceramide synthesis, establishing a robust model of direct ceramide-associated LCM, corroborating previous indirect evidence in mammals...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
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