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Purification his tagged protein

Yi Ma, Jieying Yu, Jinglian Lin, Shaomin Wu, Shan Li, Jufang Wang
Human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) is a small, mitotic growth polypeptide that promotes the proliferation of various cells and is widely applied in clinical practices. However, high efficient expression of native hEGF in Escherichia coli has not been successful, since three disulfide bonds in monomer hEGF made it unable to fold into correct 3D structure using in vivo system. To tackle this problem, we fused Mxe GyrA intein (Mxe) at the C-terminal of hEGF followed by small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) and 10x His-tag to construct a chimeric protein hEGF-Mxe-SUMO-H10...
2016: BioMed Research International
Hiroshi Hanagata, Makoto Mizukami
Brevibacillus choshinensis is an excellent host for the production of secretory proteins. This host has also been applied successfully to efficient production of CCN proteins. Described herein are methods of constructing plasmids for CCN protein production (IGFBP-, VWC-, TSP-, and CT-domain) with Brevibacillus as a host, cultivation methods for protein production, and methods of purification for domain proteins using his-tag.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sinéad T Loughran, Ronan T Bree, Dermot Walls
His-tagging is the most widespread and versatile strategy used to purify recombinant proteins for biochemical and structural studies. Recombinant DNA methods are first used to engineer the addition of a short tract of poly-histidine tag (His-tag) to the N-terminus or C-terminus of a target protein. The His-tag is then exploited to enable purification of the "tagged" protein by Immobilized Metal Affinity Chromatography (IMAC). Here, we describe efficient procedures for the isolation of highly purified His-tagged target proteins from an E...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Barry J Ryan, Gemma K Kinsella
Differential protein precipitation is a rapid and economical step in protein purification and is based on exploiting the inherent physicochemical properties of the polypeptide. Precipitation of recombinant proteins, lysed from the host cell, is commonly used to concentrate the protein of choice before further polishing steps with more selective purification columns (e.g., His-Tag, Size Exclusion, etc.). Recombinant proteins can also precipitate naturally as inclusion bodies due to various influences during overexpression in the host cell...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Maria C Bewley, Lisa Reinhart, Matthew S Stake, Shorena Nadaraia-Hoke, Leslie J Parent, John M Flanagan
HIV Gag, a multidomain polyprotein that orchestrates the assembly and release of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is an active target of antiretroviral inhibitor development. However, highly pure, stable, recombinant Gag has been difficult to produce in quantities sufficient for biophysical studies due to its susceptibility to proteolysis by cellular proteases during purification. Stability has been improved by using a construct that omits the p6 domain (deltap6Gag). Since in vivo, p6 is crucial to the budding process and interacts with protein complexes in the ESCRT pathway, it has been difficult to study its role the context of Gag using in vitro approaches...
October 6, 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Amballa Chaitanyakumar, M Anbalagan
Enzymes find their applications in various industries, due to their error free conversion of substrate into product. Tannase is an enzyme used by various industries for degradation of tannin. Biochemical characterization of a specific enzyme from one organism to other is one of the ways to search for enzymes with better traits for industrial applications. Here, tannase encoding gene from Staphylococcus lugdunensis was cloned and suitability of the enzyme in various conditions was analysed to find its application in various industry...
December 2016: AMB Express
Jin Zeng, Fuyang Song, Yi Yang, Chenjie Ma, Guangcun Deng, Yong Li, Yujiong Wang, Xiaoming Liu
Introduction. Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) beta2 toxin (CPB2) is an important virulent factor of necrotic enteritis in both animals and humans. However, studies of its pathogenic roles and functional mechanisms have been hampered due to the difficulty of purification and lack of specific antibodies against this toxin. Methods. A recombinant His-tagged C. perfringens beta2 (rCPB2) toxin and monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) against CPB2 were generated and characterized by assays of cytotoxicity, immunoblotting, ELISA, neutralization, and immunofluorescence...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Mahdi Abbasian, Hadieh Alsadat Eslampanah Seyedi, Badraldin Ebrahim Sayed Tabatabaei, Zahra Arab-Bafrani, Mohammad Reza Mofid, Reza Zareie
Vessel dilator is a 3.9-KDa potent anticancer peptide and a valuable candidate in the treatment of conditions such as congestive heart failure and acute renal failure amongst others. Here we report the recombinant production of vessel dilator in Escherichia coli. Three different synthetic ORF's dubbed VDI, VDII and VDIII, each encoding a trimmer of the vessel dilator peptide attached to a His tag sequence at their C- terminal, were synthesized and placed in pET21c expression vectors. The highest yield, following expression in E...
January 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Thomas K Karikari, Alexandra Turner, Robert Stass, Leonie C Y Lee, Bethany Wilson, David A Nagel, Eric J Hill, Kevin G Moffat
Recombinant tau protein is widely used to study the biochemical, cellular and pathological aspects of tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia with Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTPD-17). Pure tau in high yield is a requirement for in vitro evaluation of the protein's physiological and toxic functions. However, the preparation of recombinant tau is complicated by the protein's propensity to aggregate and form truncation products, necessitating the use of multiple, time-consuming purification methods...
September 20, 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Frédérique Brockly, Marc Piechaczyk, Guillaume Bossis
SUMO is a ubiquitin-like protein that is covalently conjugated to numerous cellular proteins to modify their function and fate. Although large progresses have been made in the identification of SUMOylated proteins, the molecular consequences of their SUMOylation are generally unknown. This is, most often, due to the low abundance of SUMOylated proteins in the cell, usually less than 1 % of a given protein being modified at steady state. To gain insights into the role of specific SUMOylation targets, SUMO conjugation can be reconstituted in vitro using purified proteins...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tobias Ritterhoff, Hrishikesh Das, Yuqing Hao, Volkan Sakin, Annette Flotho, Andreas Werner, Frauke Melchior
One of the few proteins that have SUMO E3 ligase activity is the 358 kDa nucleoporin RanBP2 (Nup358). While small fragments of RanBP2 can stimulate SUMOylation in vitro, the physiologically relevant E3 ligase is a stable multi-subunit complex comprised of RanBP2, SUMOylated RanGAP1, and Ubc9. Here, we provide a detailed protocol to in vitro reconstitute the RanBP2 SUMO E3 ligase complex. With the exception of RanBP2, reconstitution involves untagged full-length proteins. We describe the bacterial expression and purification of all complex components, namely an 86 kDa His-tagged RanBP2 fragment, the SUMO E2-conjugating enzyme Ubc9, RanGAP1, and SUMO1, and we provide a protocol for quantitative SUMOylation of RanGAP1...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sonia Del Prete, Viviana De Luca, Giuseppina De Simone, Claudiu T Supuran, Clemente Capasso
The antimalarial drugs are of fundamental importance in the control of malaria, especially for the lack of efficient treatments and acquired resistance to the existing drugs. For this reason, there is a continuous work in identifying novel, less toxic and effective chemotherapies as well as new therapeutic targets against the causative agents of malaria. In this context, a superfamily of metalloenzymes named carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC has aroused a great interest as druggable enzymes to limit the development of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Alexander Falkenhagen, Sabah Asad, Stanley E Read, Sadhna Joshi
BACKGROUND: Recombinant proteins of therapeutic use are ideally produced in human cells to ensure appropriate co- and post-translational modifications. However, purification of secreted proteins from the culture media is impeded by low expression from transfected cell lines and the presence of serum proteins. Here we describe a simple and cost-effective approach based on lentiviral vector-mediated gene delivery and expression of a secreted His-tagged protein from human embryonic kidney 293 T cells and direct affinity chromatography purification from the cell culture media...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Christoph Engel
Purification of RNA polymerase (Pol) I is essential for functional as well as for structural studies. The product needs to be extremely pure in order to exclude secondary effects, e.g., caused by copurified nucleic acids in subsequent experiments. For this purpose, the method presented here was originally introduced nearly a decade ago but underwent constant optimization [1]. The polymerase is extracted from its endogenous source, since no overexpression system for the entire 590 kDa, 14-subunit complex is available thus far...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Ahmad-Faris Seman-Kamarulzaman, Zeti-Azura Mohamed-Hussein, Chyan Leong Ng, Maizom Hassan
Juvenile Hormone III is of great concern due to negative effects on major developmental and reproductive maturation in insect pests. Thus, the elucidation of enzymes involved JH III biosynthetic pathway has become increasing important in recent years. One of the enzymes in the JH III biosynthetic pathway that remains to be isolated and characterized is farnesal dehydrogenase, an enzyme responsible to catalyze the oxidation of farnesal into farnesoic acid. A novel NAD+-farnesal dehydrogenase of Polygonum minus was purified (315-fold) to apparent homogeneity in five chromatographic steps...
2016: PloS One
Xuelei Lai, Montserrat Soler-Lopez, Harry J Wichers, Bauke W Dijkstra
Human tyrosinase (TYR) is a glycoprotein that initiates the first two reactions in the melanin biosynthesis pathway. Mutations in its encoding gene cause Oculocutaneous Albinism type I (OCA1), the most severe form of albinism, which is a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by reduced or absent production of melanin in skin, hair and eyes. Despite extensive structural and characterization studies of its homologues in lower eukaryotic organisms, the catalytic mechanism of human TYR and the molecular basis of OCA1 are largely unknown...
2016: PloS One
Guang-Ya Li, Zhen-Zhen Xiao, Hui-Peng Lu, Yang-Yang Li, Xiao-Hui Zhou, Xiao Tan, Xin-Yu Zhang, Xiao-Li Xia, Huai-Chang Sun
Recombinant protein purification remains to be a major challenge in biotechnology and medicine. In this paper we report a simple method for recombinant protein purification using self-assembling peptide-tagged tobacco etch virus protease (TEVp). After construction of an N-terminal ELK16 peptide fusion expression vector, we expressed ELK16-TEVp fusion protein in E. coli. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that ELK16-TEVp was expressed as active protein aggregates which could be purified to 91% purity with 92% recovery by centrifugation in the presence 0...
December 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Deeba Amraiz, Najam-Us-Sahar Sadaf Zaidi, Munazza Fatima
NS5 is the largest and most conserved protein among the four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes. It has been the target of interest for antiviral drug development due to its major role in replication. NS5 consists of two domains, the N-terminal methyltransferase domain and C-terminal catalytic RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain. It is an unstable protein and is prone to inactivation upon prolonged incubation at room temperature, thus affecting the inhibitor screening assays. In the current study, we expressed and purified DENV RdRp alone in Esherichia coli (E...
October 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Dongxin Zhao, Zhongxian Huang
Zinc finger proteins are associated with hereditary diseases and cancers. To obtain an adequate amount of zinc finger proteins for studying their properties, structure, and functions, many protein expression systems are used. ZNF191(243-368) is a zinc finger protein and can be fused with His-tag to generate fusion proteins such as His6-ZNF191(243-368) and ZNF191(243-368)-His8. The purification of His-tag protein using Ni-NTA resin can overcome the difficulty of ZNF191(243-368) separation caused by inclusion body formation...
2016: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Xue Xin Lu, Yao Yi, Qiu Dong Su, Sheng Li Bi
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis Delt a Virus (HDV) antigen is widely used as a capture antigen in ELISAs for the identification of HDV infection; large amounts of recombinant HDV antigen with active antigenicity are required for this purpose. METHODS: Reconstruct the gene of HDV antigen based on the bias code of Escherichia coli, the recombinant protein expresses by high-density fermentation with fed-batch feeding strategy, and purify by immobilized metal chromatography. The sensitivity and specificity of this antigen detect by ELISA method...
June 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
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