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Mitochondrial creatine kinase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087358/vascular-calcification-abrogates-the-nicorandil-mediated-cardio-protection-in-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-rat-heart
#1
Sriram Ravindran, Jeyashri Murali, Sunil Kumar Amirthalingam, Senthilkumar Gopalakrishnan, Gino A Kurian
The present study was aimed to determine the efficacy of nicorandil in treating cardiac reperfusion injury with an underlying co-morbidity of vascular calcification (VC). Adenine diet was used to induce VC in Wistar rat and the heart was isolated to induce global ischemia reperfusion (IR) by Langendorff method, with and without the nicorandil (7.5mg/kg) pre-treatment and compared with those fed on normal diet. The adenine-treated rats displayed abnormal ECG changes and altered mitochondrial integrity compared to a normal rat heart...
January 10, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056927/kudiezi-injection-mitigates-myocardial-injury-induced-by-acute-cerebral-ischemia-in-rats
#2
Xuemei Liu, Ye Tao, Fengli Wang, Ting Yao, Chen Fu, Hong Zheng, Yan Yan, Xiao Liang, Xiangning Jiang, Yunling Zhang
BACKGROUND: Kudiezi (KDZ) injection is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine as treatment for cerebral infarction and angina pectoris. The present study investigated the therapeutic effects of KDZ injection on myocardial injury induced by acute cerebral ischemia and the possibly protective mechanisms. METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups: sham, 6h-ischemia, and KDZ treatment (KDZ). The neurological deficits were determined by the Garcia score. The cerebral infarct volume was measured by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and brain water content was also evaluated...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000342/a-new-model-of-short-acceleration-based-training-improves-exercise-performance-in-old-mice
#3
R Niel, M Ayachi, L Mille-Hamard, L Le Moyec, P Savarin, M-J Clement, S Besse, T Launay, V L Billat, I Momken
In order to identify a more appealing exercise strategy for the elderly, we studied a mouse model to determine whether a less time-consuming training program would improve exercise performance, enzyme activities, mitochondrial respiration, and metabolomic parameters. We compared the effects of short-session (acceleration-based) training with those of long-session endurance training in 23-month-old mice. The short-session training consisted of five acceleration-based treadmill running sessions over 2 weeks (the acceleration group), whereas the endurance training consisted of five-one-hour treadmill sessions per week for 4 weeks (the endurance group)...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938904/myocardial-rescue-with-autologous-mitochondrial-transplantation-in-a-porcine-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion
#4
Aditya K Kaza, Isaac Wamala, Ingeborg Friehs, Joseph D Kuebler, Rahul H Rathod, Ignacio Berra, Maria Ericsson, Rouan Yao, Jerusha K Thedsanamoorthy, David Zurakowski, Sidney Levitsky, Pedro J Del Nido, Douglas B Cowan, James D McCully
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the clinical efficacy of autologous mitochondrial transplantation in preparation for translation to human application using an in vivo swine model. METHODS: A left mini-thoracotomy was performed on Yorkshire pigs. The pectoralis major was dissected, and skeletal muscle tissue was removed and used for the isolation of autologous mitochondria. The heart was subjected to regional ischemia (RI) by temporarily snaring the circumflex artery...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932764/-effect-of-prolonged-propofol-infusion-on-myocardial-enzyme-mitochondrial-cytochrome-c-and-adenosine-%C3%A2-triphosphate-in-rabbits
#5
Guangmin Xu, Zhixun Lan, Xianxiang Tong
To explore the effect of long-time propofol infusion on myocardial enzymes, mitochondrial cytochrome C and ATP in rabbits. 
 Methods: A total of 18 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: a control group, a propofol group and an intralipid group. The rabbits were continuously infused with 0.9% normal saline in the control group, 1% propofol in the propofol group, and 10% intralipid in the intralipid group, respectivey. The arterial blood was collected at 0, 8, 16 h and the end of experiment to examine creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924409/antioxidants-reverse-the-changes-in-energy-metabolism-of-rat-brain-after-chronic-administration-of-l-tyrosine
#6
Brena P Teodorak, Giselli Scaini, Milena Carvalho-Silva, Lara M Gomes, Letícia J Teixeira, Joyce Rebelo, Samira D T De Prá, Neila Zeni, Patrícia F Schuck, Gustavo C Ferreira, Emilio L Streck
Tyrosinemia type II is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by deficiency of hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase and is associated with neurologic and development difficulties in numerous patients. Considering that the mechanisms underlying the neurological dysfunction in hypertyrosinemic patients are poorly known and that high concentrations of tyrosine provoke mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, in the present study we investigated the in vivo influence of antioxidants (N-acetylcysteine, NAC; and deferoxamine, DFX) administration on the inhibitory effects on parameters of energy metabolism in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and striatum of rats, provoked by chronic administration of L...
December 6, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922496/metabolic-myopathies
#7
Mark A Tarnopolsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolic myopathies are genetic disorders that impair intermediary metabolism in skeletal muscle. Impairments in glycolysis/glycogenolysis (glycogen-storage disease), fatty acid transport and oxidation (fatty acid oxidation defects), and the mitochondrial respiratory chain (mitochondrial myopathies) represent the majority of known defects. The purpose of this review is to develop a diagnostic and treatment algorithm for the metabolic myopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: The metabolic myopathies can present in the neonatal and infant period as part of more systemic involvement with hypotonia, hypoglycemia, and encephalopathy; however, most cases present in childhood or in adulthood with exercise intolerance (often with rhabdomyolysis) and weakness...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909311/insights-into-the-phosphoryl-transfer-mechanism-of-human-ubiquitous-mitochondrial-creatine-kinase
#8
Quanjie Li, Shuai Fan, Xiaoyu Li, Yuanyuan Jin, Weiqing He, Jinming Zhou, Shan Cen, ZhaoYong Yang
Human ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase (uMtCK) is responsible for the regulation of cellular energy metabolism. To investigate the phosphoryl-transfer mechanism catalyzed by human uMtCK, in this work, molecular dynamic simulations of uMtCK∙ATP-Mg(2+)∙creatine complex and quantum mechanism calculations were performed to make clear the puzzle. The theoretical studies hereof revealed that human uMtCK utilizes a two-step dissociative mechanism, in which the E227 residue of uMtCK acts as the catalytic base to accept the creatine guanidinium proton...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897416/curcumin-an-effective-adjunct-in-patients-with-statin-associated-muscle-symptoms
#9
REVIEW
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Nikou Saboni, Matteo Pirro, Maciej Banach
In spite of the unequivocal efficacy of statins in reducing primary and secondary cardiovascular events, the use of these drugs in a considerable number of patients is limited because of statin intolerance, mainly statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS). SAMS encompass a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, including mild muscular aching and other types of myalgias, myopathy with the significant elevation of creatine kinase, and the rare but life-threatening rhabdomyolysis. Among several pathophysiologic mechanisms of SAMS, mitochondrial dysfunction is thought to be one of the main one...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889897/growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-a-novel-diagnostic-biomarker-of-mitochondrial-diseases
#10
Xinbo Ji, Lizhen Zhao, Kunqian Ji, Yuying Zhao, Wei Li, Rui Zhang, Ying Hou, Jianqiang Lu, Chuanzhu Yan
The present study aimed to investigate whether serum growth differentiation factor 15 concentration is a valuable and reliable diagnostic biomarker of mitochondrial diseases. We examined consecutive patients with mitochondrial diseases, in comparison with patients with non-mitochondrial disease neuromuscular disorders and healthy controls. The serum concentrations of growth differentiation factor 15 were measured by ELISA, and compared with those of FGF21, lactate, and creatine kinase. We also evaluated the correlations between growth differentiation factor 15 concentrations and the Newcastle Mitochondrial Disease Adult Scale, numbers of ragged-red fibers, and COX-negative fibers in the biopsied muscles...
November 26, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878299/antioxidant-and-antitumor-activities-of-capparis-spinosa-l-and-the-related-mechanisms
#11
Lei Yu, Jinghui Yang, Xin Wang, Bo Jiang, Yongxue Sun, Yubin Ji
The 'ethnodrug' Capparis spinosa L. has several pharmacological activities. First, it was found in previous experiments that an ethyl acetate extract of Capparis spinosa L. (CSE) exhibited antioxidant activity. In order to further research this finding, the present study investigate the blood biochemical indices, injury, energy metabolism, oxidative damage and mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) level of cardiac cells to study the effect of CSE on doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity. CSE had protective effects on the cardiac toxic effect of doxorubicin, and decreased the activity of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK)...
January 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854030/simple-oxygraphic-analysis-for-the-presence-of-adenylate-kinase-1-and-2-in-normal-and-tumor-cells
#12
Aleksandr Klepinin, Lyudmila Ounpuu, Rita Guzun, Vladimir Chekulayev, Natalja Timohhina, Kersti Tepp, Igor Shevchuk, Uwe Schlattner, Tuuli Kaambre
The adenylate kinase (AK) isoforms network plays an important role in the intracellular energy transfer processes, the maintenance of energy homeostasis, and it is a major player in AMP metabolic signaling circuits in some highly-differentiated cells. For this purpose, a rapid and sensitive method was developed that enables to estimate directly and semi-quantitatively the distribution between cytosolic AK1 and mitochondrial AK2 localized in the intermembrane space, both in isolated cells and tissue samples (biopsy material)...
October 2016: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814609/mitochondrial-nucleic-acid-binding-proteins-associated-with-diseases
#13
Takeshi Uchiumi, Dongchon Kang
Mammalian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) exists in structures called nucleoids, which correspond to the configuration of nuclear DNA. Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), first cloned as an mtDNA transcription factor, is critical for packaging and maintaining mtDNA. To investigate functional aspects of TFAM, we identified many RNA-binding proteins as candidate TFAM interactors, including ERAL1 and p32. In this review, we first describe the functions of TFAM, replication proteins such as polymerase gamma and Twinkle, and mitochondrial RNA binding proteins...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775591/capsaicin-supplementation-reduces-physical-fatigue-and-improves-exercise-performance-in-mice
#14
Yi-Ju Hsu, Wen-Ching Huang, Chien-Chao Chiu, Yan-Lin Liu, Wan-Chun Chiu, Chun-Hui Chiu, Yen-Shuo Chiu, Chi-Chang Huang
Chili pepper is used as a food, seasoning and has been revered for its medicinal and health claims. It is very popular and is the most common spice worldwide. Capsaicin (CAP) is a major pungent and bioactive phytochemical in chili peppers. CAP has been shown to improve mitochondrial biogenesis and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. However, there is limited evidence around the effects of CAP on physical fatigue and exercise performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of CAP on anti-fatigue and ergogenic functions following physiological challenge...
October 20, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771708/morphine-postconditioning-protects-against-reperfusion-injury-the-role-of-protein-kinase-c-epsilon-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-2-and-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pores
#15
Zuolei Chen, Donat R Spahn, Xuewei Zhang, Yingzhi Liu, Haichen Chu, Zhongkai Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the implications of protein kinase C-epsilon (PKCε), Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in myocardial protection induced by morphine postconditioning (MpostC). METHODS: The isolated rat hearts were randomly assigned into one of eight groups. Hearts in time control (TC) group were constantly perfused for 105min. Hearts in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) group were subjected to 45 min of ischemia followed by 1 h of reperfusion...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738103/exercise-inducible-lactate-dehydrogenase-b-regulates-mitochondrial-function-in-skeletal-muscle
#16
Xijun Liang, Lin Liu, Tingting Fu, Qian Zhou, Danxia Zhou, Liwei Xiao, Jing Liu, Yan Kong, Hui Xie, Fanchao Yi, Ling Lai, Rick B Vega, Daniel P Kelly, Steven R Smith, Zhenji Gan
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) catalyzes the interconversion of pyruvate and lactate, which are critical fuel metabolites of skeletal muscle particularly during exercise. However, the physiological relevance of LDH remains poorly understood. Here we show that Ldhb expression is induced by exercise in human muscle and negatively correlated with changes in intramuscular pH levels, a marker of lactate production, during isometric exercise. We found that the expression of Ldhb is regulated by exercise-induced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643552/tanshinone-iia-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#17
Qiang Li, Li Shen, Zhen Wang, Hai-Peng Jiang, Li-Xia Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mechanism by which Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) relieves myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) in rats via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats received an intravenous injection of Tan IIA and LY294002 and were divided into the sham, control (myocardial ischemia reperfusion), Tan-L (low-dose Tan IIA), Tan-H (high-dose Tan IIA), Tan-L+LY (low-dose Tan IIA+LY294002), Tan-H+LY (high-dose Tan IIA+LY294002) and LY (LY294002) groups...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618861/mitochondrial-physiology-in-the-skeletal-and-cardiac-muscles-is-altered-in-torrent-ducks-merganetta-armata-from-high-altitudes-in-the-andes
#18
Neal J Dawson, Catherine M Ivy, Luis Alza, Rebecca Cheek, Julia M York, Beverly Chua, William K Milsom, Kevin G McCracken, Graham R Scott
Torrent ducks inhabit fast-flowing rivers in the Andes from sea level to altitudes up to 4500 m. We examined the mitochondrial physiology that facilitates performance over this altitudinal cline by comparing the respiratory capacities of permeabilized fibers, the activities of 16 key metabolic enzymes and the myoglobin content in muscles between high- and low-altitude populations of this species. Mitochondrial respiratory capacities (assessed using substrates of mitochondrial complexes I, II and/or IV) were higher in highland ducks in the gastrocnemius muscle - the primary muscle used to support swimming and diving - but were similar between populations in the pectoralis muscle and the left ventricle...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611456/clinicopathological-features-of-telbivudine-associated-myopathy
#19
Tomica Ambang, Joo-San Tan, Sheila Ong, Kum-Thong Wong, Khean-Jin Goh
Telbivudine, a thymidine nucleoside analog, is a common therapeutic option for chronic hepatitis B infection. While raised serum creatine kinase is common, myopathy associated with telbivudine is rare. Reports on its myopathological features are few and immunohistochemical analyses of inflammatory cell infiltrates have not been previously described. We describe the clinical, myopathological and immunohistochemical features of four patients who developed myopathy after telbivudine therapy for chronic hepatitis B infection...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608616/ultrastructural-remodelling-of-slow-skeletal-muscle-fibres-in-creatine-kinase-deficient-mice-a-quantitative-study
#20
Marta Novotová, Bohumila Tarabová, Lucia Tylková, Renée Ventura-Clapier, Ivan Zahradník
Creatine kinase content, isoform distribution, and participation in energy transfer are muscle type specific. We analysed ultrastructural changes in slow muscle fibres of soleus due to invalidation of creatine kinase (CK) to reveal a difference in the remodelling strategy in comparison with fast muscle fibres of gastrocnemius published previously. We have employed the stereological method of vertical sections and electron microscopy of soleus muscles of wild type (WT) and CK-/- mice. The mitochondrial volume density was 1...
October 2016: General Physiology and Biophysics
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