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Mitochondrial creatine kinase

Caoileann H Murphy, Mahalakshmi Shankaran, Tyler A Churchward-Venne, Cameron J Mitchell, Nathan M Kolar, Louise M Burke, John A Hawley, Amira Kassis, Leonidas G Karagounis, Kelvin Li, Chelsea King, Marc Hellerstein, Stuart M Phillips
We determined how the pattern of protein intake and resistance training (RT) influenced longer-term (2-wk) integrated myofibrillar protein synthesis (MyoPS) during energy restriction (ER). MyoPS and proteome kinetics were measured during 2-wk of ER alone and 2-wk of ER plus RT (ER + RT) in overweight/obese older men. Participants were randomized to consume dietary protein in a balanced (BAL: 25% daily protein/meal x 4 meals) or skewed (SKEW: 7:17:72:4% daily protein/meal) pattern (n = 10/group). Participants ingested D2 O during the consecutive 2-wk periods, and skeletal muscle biopsies and serum were obtained at the beginning and conclusion of ER and ER + RT...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Hannah J Whittington, Philip J Ostrowski, Debra J McAndrew, Fang Cao, Andrew Shaw, Thomas R Eykyn, Hannah Lake, Jack Tyler, Jurgen E Schneider, Stefan Neubauer, Sevasti Zervou, Craig A Lygate
Aims: Mitochondrial creatine kinase (MtCK) couples ATP production via oxidative phosphorylation to phosphocreatine in the cytosol, which acts as a mobile energy store available for regeneration of ATP at times of high demand. We hypothesised that elevating MtCK would be beneficial in ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods and Results: Mice were created overexpressing the sarcomeric MtCK gene with αMHC promoter at the Rosa26 locus (MtCK-OE) and compared with wild-type (WT) littermates...
March 2, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine F Souza, Guerino B Junior, Karen Luise S Moreira, Marcelo L da Veiga, Maria Izabel U M da Rocha, Bernardo Baldisserotto
The precise coupling of spatially separated intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-producing and ATP-consuming, catalyzed by creatine kinase (CK), adenylate kinase (AK), and pyruvate kinase (PK), is a critical process in the bioenergetics of tissues with high energy demand, such as the branchial tissue. The effects of Citrobacter freundii infection on gills remain poorly understood, limited only to histopathological studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether experimental infection by C...
February 19, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Doris G Leung, Julie S Cohen, Elizabeth Harlan Michelle, Renkui Bai, Andrew L Mammen, Lisa Christopher-Stine
We report the cases of 2 patients who presented to our Myositis Center with myalgias and elevated creatine kinase levels. Muscle biopsy showed pathological features consistent with mitochondrial myopathy. In both cases, a single large deletion in mitochondrial DNA at low-level heteroplasmy was identified by next-generation sequencing in muscle tissue. In 1 case, the deletion was identified in muscle tissue but not blood. In both cases, the deletion was only identified on next-generation sequencing of muscle mitochondrial DNA and missed on array comparative genome hybridization testing...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
Uwe Schlattner, Laurence Kay, Malgorzata Tokarska-Schlattner
Isoforms of creatine kinase (CK) generate and use phosphocreatine, a concentrated and highly diffusible cellular "high energy" intermediate, for the main purpose of energy buffering and transfer in order to maintain cellular energy homeostasis. The mitochondrial CK isoform (mtCK) localizes to the mitochondrial intermembrane and cristae space, where it assembles into peripherally membrane-bound, large cuboidal homooctamers. These are part of proteolipid complexes wherein mtCK directly interacts with cardiolipin and other anionic phospholipids, as well as with the VDAC channel in the outer membrane...
2018: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
Benedikte T Smenes, Fredrik H Bækkerud, Katrine H Slagsvold, Erlend Hassel, Martin Wohlwend, Maria Pinho, Morten Høydal, Ulrik Wisløff, Øivind Rognmo, Alexander Wahba
OBJECTIVES: During open-heart surgery, the myocardium experiences ischaemia-reperfusion injury. A single bout of moderate, 30-min exercise induces preconditioning and protects the heart from ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats, but this has never been investigated in humans. We aimed to investigate whether 1 bout of moderate exercise 24 h prior to surgery protects against mitochondrial and cardiac damage. METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass were eligible for this pilot study...
February 13, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Rebecca J Wilson, Joshua C Drake, Di Cui, Bevan M Lewellen, Carleigh C Fisher, Mei Zhang, David F Kashatus, Lisa A Palmer, Michael P Murphy, Zhen Yan
Deterioration of neuromuscular junction (NMJ) integrity and function is causal to muscle atrophy and frailty, ultimately hindering quality of life and increasing the risk of death. In particular, NMJ is vulnerable to ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury when blood flow is restricted followed by restoration. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism(s) and hence the lack of effective interventions. New evidence suggests that mitochondrial oxidative stress plays a causal role in IR injury, which can be precluded by enhancing mitochondrial protein S-nitrosation (SNO)...
February 9, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Shan Liu, Yang Yang, Yan Qiu Song, Jie Geng, Qing Liang Chen
To explore the protective effect of N(2)-L-alanyl-L-glutamine (NLAG) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), and observe the influence of NLAG on the Janus activated kinase signal transducer 2 and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway‑associated molecules. Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, IRI and NLAG. In the IRI rat model, the cardiac hemodynamics, the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure (+dP/dtmax) and the left ventricular end‑diastolic pressure (LVDP) were recorded...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
(1) Objectives: Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) are a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous group of slowly or rapidly progressive disorders with onset from birth to senescence. Because of their variegated clinical presentation, MIDs are difficult to diagnose and are frequently missed in their early and late stages. This is why there is a need to provide biomarkers, which can be easily obtained in the case of suspecting a MID to initiate the further diagnostic work-up. (2) Methods: Literature review. (3) Results: Biomarkers for diagnostic purposes are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis and to facilitate and speed up the diagnostic work-up...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Sriram Ravindran, Kausthubh Ramachandran, Gino A Kurian
Sodium thiosulfate (STS) has shown promising effects in amelioration of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR) in a rat model and is clinically useful in the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) associated calciphylaxis. As the prevalence of cardiac complications is higher in CKD, we tested the effectiveness of STS in a rat model of adenine-induced vascular calcification and subjected the heart to IR. We observed an increased infarct size (29%) by TTC staining, lactate dehydrogenase (54%) and creatine kinase (32%) release in the coronary perfusate and altered hemodynamics compared to a normal rat treated with STS and subjected to IR...
January 20, 2018: Biochimie
Xiuge Gao, Yani Zheng, Xiangchun Ruan, Hui Ji, Lin Peng, Dawei Guo, Shanxiang Jiang
Salinomycin, as a polyether ionophore antibiotic, is extensively used as a feed additive against coccidiosis in poultry and as a growth promoter of ruminants worldwide. Owing to its narrow therapeutic index, numerous intoxication have been reported in target/non-target animals by overdosage, misuse or drug interactions as well as human who consumed salinomycin accidently. Salinomycin-induced cardiotoxicity in chicken and non-target animals is considered as a major contributor to animal death. In the current study, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanism of its myocardial toxicity using primary chicken myocardial cell as an in vitro model...
January 10, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
R C Yue, X L Yang, R Y Zhang, S Liu, J Liu, J Zeng, H Liang, W Wang, H X Hu, C Y Zeng
Objective: To investigate the effect and related mechanism of salvianolate on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Methods: Thirty-six adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n=12 each) using random number table method: control group (coronary artery was not ligated) , I/R group (myocardial I/R model was established by ligation and opening of left anterior descending coronary artery) , and salvianolate+I/R group (5 mg/kg of salvianolate was injected through the tail vein at the time of reperfusion) ...
December 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Zhan-Yun Lv, Xue-Mei Xu, Xiao-Fu Cao, Qian Wang, Da-Fang Sun, Wen-Jing Tian, Yan Yang, Yu-Zhong Wang, Yan-Lei Hao
RATIONALE: Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a classical mitochondrial ocular disorder characterized by bilateral progressive ptosis and ophthalmoplegia. Kearns -Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a multisystem disorder with PEO, cardiac conduction block, and pigmentary retinopathy. A few individuals with CPEO have other manifestations of KSS, but do not meet all the clinical diagnosis criteria, and this is called "CPEO plus." PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 48-year-old woman exhibiting limb weakness, ptosis, ophthalmoparesis, and cerebellar dysfunctions...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Adam Eckhardt, Lucie Kulhava, Ivan Miksik, Statis Pataridis, Marketa Hlavackova, Jana Vasinova, Frantisek Kolar, David Sedmera, Bohuslav Ostadal
The heart is characterized by a remarkable degree of heterogeneity. Since different cardiac pathologies affect different cardiac regions, it is important to understand molecular mechanisms by which these parts respond to pathological stimuli. In addition to already described left ventricular (LV)/right ventricular (RV) and transmural differences, possible baso-apical heterogeneity has to be taken into consideration. The aim of our study has been, therefore, to compare proteomes in the apical and basal parts of the rat RV and LV...
January 4, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Emily Booth Warren, Aidan Edward Aicher, Joshua Patrick Fessel, Christine Konradi
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), the discrete genome which encodes subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, is present at highly variable copy numbers across cell types. Though severe mtDNA depletion dramatically reduces mitochondrial function, the impact of tissue-specific mtDNA reduction remains debated. Previously, our lab identified reduced mtDNA quantity in the putamen of Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients who had developed L-DOPA Induced Dyskinesia (LID), compared to PD patients who had not developed LID and healthy subjects...
2017: PloS One
Guanglei Chang, Jian Liu, Shu Qin, Youqin Jiang, Peng Zhang, Hui Yu, Kai Lu, Nan Zhang, Li Cao, Ying Wang, Yong Li, Dongying Zhang
Accumulating evidence suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its analogues exert cardioprotective effects via modulating cardiomyocyte metabolism. Mitochondria play a pivotal role in the regulation of cell metabolism. It was hypothesized that treatment with exenatide, a GLP-1 analogue, may exert cardioprotective effects by improving mitochondrial function in an in vitro model of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). H9c2 cells were employed to establish an in vitro model of H/R. Exenatide was added to the cells for 30 min prior to exposure to hypoxia...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine F Souza, Bernardo Baldisserotto
Its integrated energetic and metabolic signaling roles place the phosphoryl transfer network, through the enzymes creatine kinase (CK), adenylate kinase (AK), and pyruvate kinase (PK), as a regulatory system coordinating components of the cellular bioenergetics network. Analysis of these enzymes provides new information and perspectives with which to understand disturbances in energetic metabolism between sites of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation and utilization. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the involvement of the phosphoryl transfer network in splenic tissue linked with the pathogenesis of silver catfish naturally infected with Ichthyophthirius multifiliis...
December 15, 2017: Parasitology Research
Ming Song, Fang-Fang Chen, Yi-Hui Li, Lei Zhang, Feng Wang, Ran-Ran Qin, Zhi-Hao Wang, Ming Zhong, Meng-Xiong Tang, Wei Zhang, Lu Han
BACKGROUND: Exercise rehabilitation is demonstrated to improve the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Statins, as the key medicine to lower cholesterol in CHD, result in skeletal muscle injury and impair exercise training adaptation. Energy metabolism dysfunction is identified as the potential mechanism underlying statin-induced skeletal muscle injury. In this study, we investigated the effects of the metabolic modulator trimetazidine on skeletal muscle energy metabolism and statin-associated exercise intolerance...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Saurabh Dhanda, Aditya Sunkaria, Avishek Halder, Rajat Sandhir
Perturbations in the cerebral energy metabolism are anticipated to be an important factor by which ammonia may exert its toxic effects on the central nervous system. The present study was designed to investigate the role of impaired mitochondrial functions and cerebral energy metabolism in the development hepatic encephalopathy (HE) induced by of bile duct ligation (BDL). After four weeks of BDL, a significant increase in hepatic hydroxyproline and collagen content was observed which confirmed biliary fibrosis...
November 14, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
Fan Deng, Shuang Wang, Liangqing Zhang, Xiang Xie, Shuyun Cai, Haobo Li, Gui-Ling Xie, Hui-Lai Miao, Changmin Yang, Xin Liu, Zhengyuan Xia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hearts from diabetic subjects are susceptible to myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Propofol has been shown to protect against myocardial I/R injury due to its antioxidant properties while the underlying mechanism remained incompletely understood. Thus, this study aimed to determine whether or not propofol could attenuate myocardial I/R injury by attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction/damage through upregulating Caveolin (Cav)-3 under hyperglycemia. METHODS: Cultured rat cardiomyocyte H9C2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in the absence or presence of propofol under high glucose (HG), and cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mitochondrial viability as well as creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were measured with colorimetric Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays...
November 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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