keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cranial neuropathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924127/recurrent-painful-ophthalmoplegic-neuropathy-with-residual-mydriasis-in-an-adult-should-it-be-classified-as-ophthalmoplegic-migraine
#1
Yuya Kobayashi, Yasufumi Kondo, Kana Uchibori, Jun Tsuyuzaki
Recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) is a rare condition that manifests as headache and ophthalmoplegia. It typically occurs in children. Although migraine or neuropathy have been suggested as etiologies, the precise etiology remains unclear. In the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition-beta version (ICHD3β) (code 13.9), RPON was categorized into painful cranial neuropathies and other facial pains. We encountered a 48-year-old woman who had diplopia and right ptosis...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910888/-endoscopic-salvage-treatment-for-optic-neuropathy-caused-by-sinonasal-fibro-osseous-lesions
#2
J Deng, F H Chen, Y Y Lai, J B Shi
Objective: To summarize the surgical techniques, benefits and limitations of transnasal endoscopic resection and optic nerve decompression for patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions. Methods: Eight patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions who accepted endoscopic surgery of either resection of the lesion or decompression of optic nerve in Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and followed until April, 2017...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904462/clinical-spectrum-therapeutic-outcomes-and-prognostic-predictors-in-sjogren-s-syndrome-associated-neuropathy
#3
Ajith Sivadasan, Karthik Muthusamy, Bimal Patel, Rohit Ninan Benjamin, A T Prabhakar, Vivek Mathew, Sanjith Aaron, Mathew Alexander
OBJECTIVES: There are limited data regarding long-term follow-up and therapeutic outcomes in Sjogren's syndrome (SS)-associated peripheral neuropathy. In this study, we aim to study the clinical, electrophysiological spectrum and therapeutic responses among the different subtypes of SS-associated neuropathy. The predictors of suboptimal treatment response will be identified. METHODS: The study included a retrospective cohort of patients with SS-associated neuropathy between January 2012 and November 2015...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899886/brainstem-encephalitis-and-acute-polyneuropathy-associated-with-hepatitis-e-infection
#4
Omar Jabbar Salim, Amy Davidson, Kathy Li, John Paul Leach, Craig Heath
A 59-year-old man presented with feverish illness. His Glasgow Coma Scale was 15, had reduced visual acuity in the left eye with partial left ptosis and mild left hemiparesis with an extensor left plantar. Over 48 hours, he accrued multiple cranial nerves palsies and progressed to a flaccid paralysis necessitating admission to an intensive care unit.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) study showed 20 lymphocytes and raised protein. Viral and bacterial PCRs were negative. Samples for Lyme, blood-borne viruses, syphilis and autoantibodies were also negative...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888467/early-electrophysiological-findings-in-fisher-bickerstaff-syndrome
#5
M A Alberti, M Povedano, J Montero, C Casasnovas
INTRODUCTION: The term Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome (FBS) has been proposed to describe the clinical spectrum encompassing Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. The pathophysiology of FBS and the nature of the underlying neuropathy (demyelinating or axonal) are still subject to debate. This study describes the main findings of an early neurophysiological study on 12 patients diagnosed with FBS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of clinical characteristics and electrophysiological findings of 12 patients with FBS seen in our neurology department within 10 days of disease onset...
September 6, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866665/the-look-of-the-devil-multiple-cranial-neuropathies
#6
Alla A Vein
The sculpture of the devil on a portal of the Lichtenthal Abbey School in Baden-Baden, Germany displays neurological pathology, possibly consistent with multiple cranial neuropathy. One of the main abnormalities is an exotropia strabismus, a feature rarely depicted in works of art portraying the devil.
September 1, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862549/outcomes-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-foramen-magnum-meningiomas-an-international-multicenter-study
#7
Gautam U Mehta, Georgios Zenonos, Mohana Rao Patibandla, Chung Jung Lin, Amparo Wolf, Inga Grills, David Mathieu, Brendan McShane, John Y Lee, Kevin Blas, Douglas Kondziolka, Cheng-Chia Lee, L Dade Lunsford, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE Meningiomas are the most common benign extramedullary lesions of the foramen magnum; however, their optimal management remains undefined. Given their location, foramen magnum meningiomas (FMMs) can cause significant morbidity, and complete microsurgical removal can be challenging. Anterior and anterolateral FMMs carry greater risks with surgery, but they comprise the majority of these lesions. As an alternative to resection, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been used to treat FMMs in small case series...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838115/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-to-the-ventral-jugular-foramen-anatomical-basis-technical-considerations-and-clinical-series
#8
Francisco Vaz-Guimaraes, Ana Carolina I Nakassa, Paul A Gardner, Eric W Wang, Carl H Snyderman, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
BACKGROUND: Surgical exposure of the jugular foramen (JF) is challenging given its complex regional anatomy and proximity to critical neurovascular structures. OBJECTIVE: To describe the anatomical basis, surgical technique, and outcomes of a group of patients who underwent the endoscopic endonasal approach to the JF. METHODS: Five silicon-injected anatomical specimens were prepared for dissection. Additionally, a chart review was conducted through our patient database, searching for endonasal exposure of the JF...
August 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838112/endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-cranial-base-chondrosarcomas
#9
Francisco Vaz-Guimaraes, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Maria Koutourousiou, Ronald L Hamilton, Eric W Wang, Carl H Snyderman, Paul A Gardner
BACKGROUND: Microsurgical resection via open approaches is considered the main treatment modality for cranial base chondrosarcomas (CBCs). The use of endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) has been rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To present the endoscopic endonasal experience with CBCs at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of 35 consecutive patients who underwent EEA for CBC resection between January 2004 and April 2013...
August 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831691/parvovirus-b19-infection-associated-with-hemolytic-anemia-and-cranial-polyneuropathy
#10
João Sequeira, Ana Calado, Margarida Dias, Manuel Manita
Parvovirus B19 (PB19) is a common, widespread, small, single-stranded DNA virus which has been linked with a broad spectrum of clinical illnesses, including a variety of neurological complications such as encephalitis, meningitis, myelitis, stroke, cerebellar ataxia, and neuropathy. The authors describe a case of PB19 infection associated with hemolytic anemia and cranial polyneuropathy involving the second and third cranial nerves in a 23-year-old immunocompetent woman. The diagnosis of acute PB19 infection was established with detection of positive DNA and anti-PB19 IgM antibodies in blood samples...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826715/predictive-factors-of-unfavorable-events-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannoma
#11
Ji Hee Kim, Hyun Ho Jung, Jong Hee Chang, Jin Woo Chang, Yong Gou Park, Won Seok Chang
OBJECTIVE: Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma (VS) introduces risks to the facial nerve and auditory perception, and may involve post-treatment complications such as pseudoprogression, hydrocephalus, and other cranial neuropathies. This study of patients with VS who underwent GKS investigated radiosurgical results, focusing on post-treatment complications and identifying the factors that predict such complications. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of all VS patients treated with the Perfexion Leksell gamma knife between November 2007 and October 2010 at our institution...
August 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801336/isolated-clival-metastasis-a-rare-presentation-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Anil Mani, Priyank Yadav, Vimal Kumar Paliwal, Hira Lal
Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all adult malignancies. Usual sites of metastasis are lymph nodes, lungs, bone, liver and brain. We describe a patient who presented with complaints of holocranial headache and diplopia. MRI of the head showed a clival-based lesion with associated bony erosion. With suspicion of a metastatic lesion, an ultrasonogram of the abdomen was done which showed a left renal mass that enhanced on contrast-enhanced CT. There were no other metastatic foci. Patient underwent radiotherapy for the clival lesion...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799704/the-nature-consequences-and-management-of-neurological-disorders-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
Bahman Jabbari, Nosratola D Vaziri
Perhaps no other organ in the body is affected as often and in as many ways as the brain is in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several factors contribute to the neurological disorders in CKD including accumulation of uremic toxins, metabolic and hemodynamic disorders, oxidative stress, inflammation, and impaired blood brain barrier among others. The neurological disorders in CKD involve both peripheral and central nervous system. The peripheral neurological symptoms of CKD are due to somatic and cranial peripheral neuropathies as well as a myopathy...
August 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794847/neuro-otological-and-peripheral-nerve-involvement-in-fabry-disease
#14
Sergio Carmona, Romina Weinschelbaum, Ana Pardal, Cintia Marchesoni, Paz Zuberbuhler, Patricia Acosta, Guillermo Cáceres, Isaac Kisinovsky, Luciana Bayón, Ricardo Reisin
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease, with multisystemic glycosphingolipids deposits. Neuro-otological involvement leading to hearing loss and vestibular dysfunctions has been described, but there is limited information about the frequency, site of lesion, or the relationship with peripheral neuropathy. The aim was to evaluate the presence of auditory and vestibular symptoms, and assess neurophysiological involvement of the VIII cranial nerve, correlating these findings with clinical and neurophysiological features of peripheral neuropathy...
July 18, 2017: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774492/transient-oculomotor-nerve-palsy-due-to-non-aneurysmal-neurovascular-compression
#15
Stuti Joshi, William Wei Han Tee, Catherine Franconi, David Prentice
Acute oculomotor nerve palsy requires urgent exclusion of aneurysmal compression. We report a 62year old man with a transient right third nerve palsy with pupillary involvement, who was found to have neurovascular compression of the cisternal oculomotor nerve as it curved over a duplicated superior cerebellar artery on high resolution MR imaging. Direct vascular compression should be considered in patients with isolated cranial neuropathies in whom other pathologies have been excluded.
July 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751167/volume-staged-gamma-knife-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-large-skull-base-meningioma-surrounding-the-optical-apparatus-a-snowman-shape-design
#16
Chain-Fa Su, Dai-Wei Liu, Cheng-Chia Lee, Tsung-Lang Chiu
BACKGROUND: In cases of meningioma surrounding the optical apparatus, this study sought to reduce the incidence of radiation-induced optical neuropathy resulting from gamma knife surgery (GKS) by dividing the treatment volume into 2 or 3 fractions. METHODS: Four patients with a large skull base meningioma (1 male and 3 females; median age: 42 years; range: 33-43 yrs) were treated using volume-staged GKS. In stage I, the large basal part of the tumor (13.2 mL; range: 3...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720412/vascular-compression-of-the-anterior-optic-pathway-a-rare-occurrence
#17
Satoshi Tsutsumi, Hideo Ono, Yukimasa Yasumoto
BACKGROUND: Vascular compression of the anterior optic pathway has been documented as an infrequent cause of visual impairments. Here we characterize such vascular compression using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: A total of 183 patients without pathologies affecting the optic pathways underwent T2-weighted or constructive interference steady-state sequence magnetic resonance imaging. Imaging data from coronal sections were analyzed. RESULTS: A vascular compression of the anterior optic pathway was identified in 20 patients (11%)...
July 15, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716286/neurosarcoidosis-according-to-zajicek-and-scolding-criteria-15-probable-and-definite-cases-their-treatment-and-outcomes
#18
Gonçalo Cação, Ana Branco, Mariana Meireles, José Eduardo Alves, Andrea Mateus, Ana Martins Silva, Ernestina Santos
INTRODUCTION: Neurosarcoidosis occurs in about 5% to 15% of patients with sarcoidosis. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize a cohort of neurosarcoidosis patients and to review the largest previously reported neurosarcoidosis case series. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled all patients with the diagnosis of probable or definitive neurosarcoidosis according to Zajicek and Scolding criteria, followed at the neurology department of a tertiary center in Portugal from January 1989 to December 2015...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709761/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-churg-strauss-report-of-26-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Raphaël André, Vincent Cottin, Jean-Luc Saraux, Gilles Blaison, Boris Bienvenu, Pascal Cathebras, Robin Dhote, Aurélie Foucher, Helder Gil, Joëlle Lapoirie, David Launay, Valentine Loustau, François Maurier, Edouard Pertuiset, Thierry Zénone, Jörg Seebach, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Xavier Puéchal, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin, Benjamin Terrier
BACKGROUND: Although peripheral nervous system involvement is common in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are poorly described. This study aimed to describe CNS involvement in EGPA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective, observational, multicenter study included patients with EGPA and CNS involvement affecting cranial nerves, brain and/or spinal cord. We also undertook a systematic literature review...
July 12, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707783/aggressive-necrotizing-pseudomonal-sinonasal-infections
#20
Edward C Kuan, Bobby A Tajudeen, Kevin C Welch, Rakesh K Chandra, Ben J Glasgow, Jeffrey D Suh
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacterium frequently implicated in recalcitrant sinonasal infections, especially in immunocompromised hosts. We report 6 cases of rapidly progressive pseudomonal acute rhinosinusitis producing tissue necrosis and, in certain cases, cranial nerve palsies. METHODS: Retrospective review of 6 patients with aggressive necrotizing sinonasal infections treated at 4 tertiary academic medical centers with sinonasal cultures growing P...
September 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
keyword
keyword
53709
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"