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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334338/at-home-genital-nerve-stimulation-for-individuals-with-sci-and-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#1
Dennis J Bourbeau, Kenneth J Gustafson, Steven W Brose
OBJECTIVE: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, including neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is one of the most clinically significant problems for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting health and quality of life. Genital nerve stimulation (GNS) can acutely inhibit NDO-related reflex bladder contractions and increase bladder capacity. However, it is unknown if GNS can improve urinary continence or help meet individuals' bladder management goals during sustained use, which is required for GNS to be clinically effective...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332254/comparison-of-adjustable-continence-therapy-periurethral-balloons-and-artificial-urinary-sphincter-in-female-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-due-to-intrinsic-sphincter-deficiency
#2
Lucas Freton, Lauranne Tondut, Isabelle Enderle, Juliette Hascoet, Andrea Manunta, Benoit Peyronnet
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to compare the outcomes of the ACT® device with those of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) AMS 800 in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to sphincter deficiency in women. METHODS: All the women who underwent surgical treatment for SUI due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency from 2007 to 2017 were included in a single-center retrospective study. The primary endpoint was the functional outcome...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332100/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-is-more-beneficial-for-prostate-cancer-patients-a-system-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yuefeng Du, Qingzhi Long, Bin Guan, Lijun Mu, Juanhua Tian, Yumei Jiang, Xiaojing Bai, Dapeng Wu
BACKGROUND Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is increasingly used worldwide, but comparisons of perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes among RARP, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), and open radical prostatectomy (ORP) remain inconsistent. MATERIAL AND METHODS Systematic literature searches were conducted using EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Science Direct/Elsevier up to April 2017. A meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager and Stata software. RESULTS We included 33 studies...
January 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#5
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330577/asymptomatic-population-reference-values-for-three-knee-patient-reported-outcomes-measures-evaluation-of-an-electronic-data-collection-system-and-implications-for-future-international-multi-centre-cohort-studies
#6
James M McLean, Oscar Brumby-Rendell, Ryan Lisle, Jacob Brazier, Kieran Dunn, Tiffany Gill, Catherine L Hill, Daniel Mandziak, Jordan Leith
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess whether the Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were comparable in asymptomatic, healthy, individuals of different age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents. The purpose of this study was to establish normal population values for these scores using an electronic data collection system. HYPOTHESIS: There is no difference in clinical knee scores in an asymptomatic population when comparing age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330267/case-of-acute-severe-postpartum-urinary-incontinence-an-extravesical-subsphincteric-prolapsed-ureterocoele
#7
Jai H Seth, Roger Walker
A 32-year-old woman presents to outpatients 10 days postpartum, with symptoms of an intermittent vaginal lump and urinary incontinence. Vaginal examination revealed no demonstrable prolapse or stress incontinence. A swelling in the bladder was noted during an antenatal scan suggesting a ureterocoele. She was referred for pelvic floor physiotherapy in the first instance. Forty-eight hours later, she represented to casualty with discomforting vaginal lump symptoms and continuous urinary incontinence. At this stage on vaginal inspection, there was an evident dusky lump emerging from the urethra with continuous incontinence...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330138/a-biogeographic-and-ecological-perspective-to-the-evolution-of-reproductive-behaviour-in-the-family-salamandridae
#8
Sarah Kieren, Max Sparreboom, Axel Hochkirch, Michael Veith
Amphibians have a complex reproductive behaviour, which shows the highest diversity among tetrapodes. The family Salamandridae, distributed across the entire Holarctic, is one of the most diverse groups of extant salamanders comprising 114 species in 21 genera. The family has a remarkable diversity of courtship modes, amplexus and sperm transfer. It is often hypothesised that this diversity has evolved in adaptation to a specific mating and/or breeding habitat. We test this hypothesis based upon a phylogenetic reconstruction using the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of 45 Salamandridae species, representing all existing genera...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329896/open-prostatectomy-versus-180-w-xps-greenlight-laser-vaporization-long-term-functional-outcome-for-prostatic-adenomas-80%C3%A2-g
#9
C Lanchon, G Fiard, J-A Long, V Arnoux, D Carnicelli, Q Franquet, D Poncet, E Bey, J-B Lefrancq, S Grisard, N Peilleron, N Terrier, B Boillot, J-J Rambeaud, J-L Descotes, C Thuillier
INTRODUCTION: GreenLight photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) offers an endoscopic alternative to open prostatectomy (OP) for treatment of large adenomas. This study compares long-term functional outcome of both techniques in patients with Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)>80g. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Data from patients who underwent surgical treatment for BPO>80g from January 2010 to February 2015 at our institution were retrospectively collected and compared according to surgical technique...
January 9, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327819/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-africa-2018-literature-update
#10
Stella I Smith, Abiodun Seriki, Roland Ndip, Rinaldo Pellicano
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) relationship with humans is believed to have originated in Africa and three African H. pylori populations have been identified: hpAfrica1, hpAfrica2 and hpNEAfrica. Actually, H. pylori infection is a ubiquitous infection in developing countries, particularly Africa. In this continent, the prevalence of H. pylori is higher and the bacterium is acquired at an early age compared to developed countries. In fact, while it affects over 50% of humans in developed countries its prevalence reaches 80% or more among adults in Africa...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327647/afrina-sporoboliae-sp-n-nematoda-anguinidae-associated-with-sporobolus-cryptandrus-torr-a-gray-from-idaho-usa-phylogenetic-relationships-and-population-structure
#11
Bianca L Barrantes-Infante, Brenda K Schroeder, Sergei A Subbotin, Timothy D Murray
The dropseed gall-forming nematode, Afrina sporoboliae sp. n., is described from seed galls of Sporobolus cryptandrus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae) collected in Idaho, USA. This is the third report of an Afrina species in North America and the first report of this genus in a natural plant population on this continent. Morphological, morphometric, and molecular analyses placed this nematode in genus Afrina and demonstrated that it differs from Af. hyparrheniae and Af. spermophaga by having longer body and stylet lengths for females and males, and from Af...
January 12, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326815/case-series-with-literature-review-surgical-approach-to-megarectum-and-or-megasigmoid-in-children-with-unremitting-constipation
#12
James G Glasser, James M Nottingham, Martin Durkin, Michael E Haney, Sean Christensen, Riley Stroman, Tyler Hammett
Background: The role of surgery in treating children with functional constipation (FC) is controversial, because of the efficacy of bowel management programs. This case series is comprised of failures: 43 children, spanning 25 years' practice, who had megarectosigmoid (MRS) and unremitting constipation. Purpose: To determine whether these children were helped by surgery, and to contribute to formulating a standard of care for children with megarectum (MR) and/or redundancy of the sigmoid colon (MS) who fail medical management...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326180/prevalence-and-burden-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-the-general-population-and-high-risk-groups-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#13
Samar Abd ElHafeez, Davide Bolignano, Graziella D'Arrigo, Evangelia Dounousi, Giovanni Tripepi, Carmine Zoccali
OBJECTIVES: While increasing attention is paid to the rising prevalence of chronic diseases in Africa, there is little focus on chronic kidney disease (CKD). This systematic review assesses CKD burden among the general population and high-risk groups on the entire African continent. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We searched Medline and PubMed databases for articles published between 1 January 1995 and 7 April 2017 by sensitive search strategies focusing on CKD surveys at the community level and high-risk groups...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324895/continental-synchronicity-of-human-influenza-virus-epidemics-despite-climactic-variation
#14
Jemma L Geoghegan, Aldo F Saavedra, Sebastián Duchêne, Sheena Sullivan, Ian Barr, Edward C Holmes
The factors that determine the pattern and rate of spread of influenza virus at a continental-scale are uncertain. Although recent work suggests that influenza epidemics in the United States exhibit a strong geographical correlation, the spatiotemporal dynamics of influenza in Australia, a country and continent of approximately similar size and climate complexity but with a far smaller population, are not known. Using a unique combination of large-scale laboratory-confirmed influenza surveillance comprising >450,000 entries and genomic sequence data we determined the local-level spatial diffusion of this important human pathogen nationwide in Australia...
January 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324615/associations-between-childbirth-and-urinary-incontinence-after-midurethral-sling-surgery
#15
Ida Bergman, Marie Westergren Söderberg, Andrea Lundqvist, Marion Ek
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether subsequent childbirths affect the outcomes of midurethral sling surgery with regard to stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, we used the validated Swedish nationwide health care registers (the Patient Register and the Medical Birth Register) to identify women with a delivery after midurethral sling surgery (n=207, study group). From the same registers we then randomly identified a control group who had no deliveries after their midurethral sling procedure (n=521, control group)...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324570/long-term-outcomes-after-overlapping-sphincteroplasty-for-cloacal-like-deformities
#16
Pedro A Maldonado, Donald Mcintire, Marlene M Corton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report subjective, long-term outcomes and describe patient demographics, presenting symptoms, perioperative management, and complications after overlapping sphincteroplasty repair for chronic fourth-degree lacerations (cloacal-like deformities). METHODS: In this retrospective study, hospital records were reviewed for women who underwent overlapping anal sphincteroplasty for a cloacal-like deformity of the perineum at a single institution from 1996 to 2013...
January 10, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324429/a-pilot-clinical-study-of-a-safe-and-efficient-stool-management-system-in-patients-with-fecal-incontinence
#17
Ashlee Garcia, Sally Fung, Karen Lou Kennedy-Evans
INTRODUCTION: According to the Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Society's Continence Committee, the incidence of fecal incontinence (FI) can occur from 18% to 37% in an acute care setting. A stool management system has been designed to manage FI in bedridden patients and has proven to be efficacious in wound management and prevention and infection control, provide safer patient outcomes, and enhance ease of nursing. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an intrarectal device intended to manage fecal incontinence in hospitalized bedridden patients through nonclinical and clinical testings...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324036/entomological-opportunities-and-challenges-for-sustainable-viticulture-in-a-global-market
#18
Kent M Daane, Charles Vincent, Rufus Isaacs, Claudio Ioriatti
Viticulture has experienced dramatic global growth in acreage and value. As the international exchange of goods has increased, so too has the market demand for sustainably produced products. Both elements redefine the entomological challenges posed to viticulture and have stimulated significant advances in arthropod pest control programs. Vineyard managers on all continents are increasingly combating invasive species, resulting in the adoption of novel insecticides, semiochemicals, and molecular tools to support sustainable viticulture...
January 7, 2018: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323430/transsphincteric-repair-of-rectourethral-fistulas-15-years-of-experience-with-the-york-mason-approach
#19
George Dafnis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical and functional outcomes of our single institution's 15-year experience with surgically treated rectourethral fistulas using a modification of the York Mason technique. METHODS: Prospectively recorded data between 2002 and 2016 of all patients who underwent transsphincteric repair of rectourethral fistula using a modified York Mason technique at Eskilstuna County Hospital, Eskilstuna, Sweden, were assessed. A total of 20 consecutive patients, including 17 referrals (85%) and three patients (15%) from our hospital have undergone the modified York Mason procedure...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321498/the-ppi-network-analysis-of-mrna-expression-profile-of-uterus-from-primary-dysmenorrheal-rats
#20
Pei Fan, Qiao-Hui Lin, Ying Guo, Lan-Ling Zhao, He Ning, Meng-Ying Liu, Dong-Qing Wei
To elucidate the mechanisms of molecular regulations underlying primary dysmenorrhea (PD), we used our previously published mRNA expression profile of uterus from PD syndrome rats to construct protein-protein interactions (PPI) network via STRING Interactome. Consequently, 34 subnetworks, including a "continent" (Subnetwork 1) and 33 "islands" (Subnetwork 2-34) were generated. The nodes, with relative expression ratios, were visualized in the PPI networks and their connections were identified. Through path and module exploring in the network, the bridges were found from pathways of cellular response to calcium ion, SMAD protein signal transduction, regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress and muscle stretch that were significantly enriched by the up-regulated mRNAs, to the cascades of cAMP metabolic processes and positive regulation of cyclase activities by the down-regulated ones...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
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