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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742814/wetlands-wild-bovidae-species-richness-and-sheep-density-delineate-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-outbreaks-in-the-african-continent-and-arabian-peninsula
#1
Michael G Walsh, Allard Willem de Smalen, Siobhan M Mor
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an emerging, vector-borne viral zoonosis that has significantly impacted public health, livestock health and production, and food security over the last three decades across large regions of the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula. The potential for expansion of RVF outbreaks within and beyond the range of previous occurrence is unknown. Despite many large national and international epidemics, the landscape epidemiology of RVF remains obscure, particularly with respect to the ecological roles of wildlife reservoirs and surface water features...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742812/broad-range-lytic-bacteriophages-that-kill-staphylococcus-aureus-local-field-strains
#2
Virginia Abatángelo, Natalia Peressutti Bacci, Carina A Boncompain, Ariel A Amadio, Soledad Carrasco, Cristian A Suárez, Héctor R Morbidoni
Staphylococcus aureus is a very successful opportunistic pathogen capable of causing a variety of diseases ranging from mild skin infections to life-threatening sepsis, meningitis and pneumonia. Its ability to display numerous virulence mechanisms matches its skill to display resistance to several antibiotics, including β-lactams, underscoring the fact that new anti-S. aureus drugs are urgently required. In this scenario, the utilization of lytic bacteriophages that kill bacteria in a genus -or even species- specific way, has become an attractive field of study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741303/open-retropubic-colposuspension-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#3
REVIEW
Marie Carmela M Lapitan, June D Cody, Atefeh Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a common and potentially debilitating problem. Stress urinary, incontinence as the most common type of incontinence, imposes significant health and economic burdens on society and the women affected. Open retropubic colposuspension is a surgical treatment which involves lifting the tissues near the bladder neck and proximal urethra in the area behind the anterior pubic bones to correct deficient urethral closure to correct stress urinary incontinence...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740902/urinary-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-men-who-were-treated-with-image-guided-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Simpa S Salami, Edward Obedian, Shawn Zimberg, Carl A Olsson
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) outcomes play a major role in the treatment selection for prostate cancer (CaP). We evaluated the urinary QoL outcomes in men who were treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) for CaP. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We enrolled men who were diagnosed with CaP and underwent IG-IMRT in a large urological group practice into a prospectively maintained database. The typical radiation treatment dosage to prostates and seminal vesicles was 8100 cGy in 45 fractions...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739627/reconstruction-of-urethra-using-appendix-in-a-patient-with-cloacal-malformation
#5
Sandeep Gupta, Barun Kumar, Sandip Basu, Dilip Kumar Pal
We report a case of 21-year-old young woman with congenital cloacal malformation. She was operated at the age of 1.5 years separating the rectum from common opening as a two-stage repair. She was incontinent in the earlier part of her life but she became continent to some extent later in early adulthood. She presented with urinary stress incontinence following delivery of dead fetus of 6 months. She underwent multiple investigations revealing common opening of bladder neck and vagina. A multidisciplinary evaluation was done and she underwent closure of common channel and neourethra reconstruction using pedicled appendix...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738791/anthropometric-indices-for-non-pregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-differ-widely-among-four-low-middle-income-populations
#6
K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander, Carl L Bose, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Melissa Bauserman
BACKGROUND: Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four rural communities in low- to low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Anthropometry and maternal characteristics/household wealth questionnaires were obtained for NPW enrolled in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738782/space-and-space-time-distributions-of-dengue-in-a-hyper-endemic-urban-space-the-case-of-girardot-colombia
#7
Mauricio Fuentes-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a widely spread vector-borne disease. Dengue cases in the Americas have increased over the last few decades, affecting various urban spaces throughout these continents, including the tourism-oriented city of Girardot, Colombia. Interactions among mosquitoes, pathogens and humans have recently been examined using different temporal and spatial scales in attempts to determine the roles that social and ecological systems play in dengue transmission. The current work characterizes the spatial and temporal behaviours of dengue in Girardot and discusses the potential territorial dynamics related to the distribution of this disease...
July 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738443/urethral-injection-therapy-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#8
REVIEW
Vivienne Kirchin, Tobias Page, Phil E Keegan, Kofi Om Atiemo, June D Cody, Samuel McClinton, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence imposes a significant health and economic burden to society. Periurethral or transurethral injection of bulking agents is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used as one the surgical treatments of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in adult women. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of periurethral or transurethral injection therapy on the cure or improvement of urinary incontinence in women. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (searched 8 November 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738200/global-distribution-of-dissolved-organic-matter-along-the-aquatic-continuum-across-rivers-lakes-and-oceans
#9
Philippe Massicotte, Eero Asmala, Colin Stedmon, Stiig Markager
Based on an extensive literature survey containing more than 12,000 paired measurements of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and absorption of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) distributed over four continents and seven oceans, we described the global distribution and transformation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) along the aquatic continuum across rivers and lakes to oceans. A strong log-linear relationship (R(2)=0.92) between DOC concentration and CDOM absorption at 350nm was observed at a global scale, but was found to be ecosystem-dependent at local and regional scales...
July 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736932/current-practice-of-continence-advisors-in-managing-faecal-incontinence-in-the-united-kingdom-results-of-an-online-survey
#10
Cosimo Alex Leo, Yasuko Maeda, Brigitte Collins, Gregory P Thomas, Jonathan D Hodgkinson, Jamie Murphy, Carolynne J Vaizey
AIM: To investigate the current practice of continence advisors in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Continence advisors were contacted by email or letter to participate in a survey. The survey contained 27 questions which addressed the practice of each continence advisor, their knowledge of continence management and the adequacy of their training. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty six out of a total of 448 continence advisors (50.4%), responded. One hundred and seventy (76...
July 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736163/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-mace
#11
Rebecca S Zee, Nora G Kern, C D A Herndon
INTRODUCTION: The creation of a Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) channel is an option to treat patients with neurologic conditions that result in fecal soiling or intractable constipation. It is typically performed in an open fashion through a midline incision or laparoscopically. The laparoscopic technique typically involves bringing the tip of the appendix to the skin whereas the open technique allows for imbrication of the cecum around the channel, which may improve continence and decrease the risk of perforation...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735469/phylogenetic-relationships-between-dicrocoelium-chinensis-populations-in-japan-and-china-based-on-mitochondrial-nad1-gene-sequences
#12
Kei Hayashi, WenQiang Tang, Yuma Ohari, Maiko Ohtori, Uday Kumar Mohanta, Kayoko Matsuo, Hiroshi Sato, Tadashi Itagaki
We carried out phylogenetic analyses of the relationships between Dicrocoelium chinensis populations in Japan and China using molecular markers. One hundred nine lancet flukes collected from Japan and China were identified as D. chinensis based on their testis orientation and the nucleotide sequences of their ribosomal ITS2. These flukes were analyzed phylogenetically using mitochondrial nad1 gene sequences. An analysis of molecular variance found that the percentage of variation between the countries was extremely high, indicating that the D...
July 22, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734263/study-of-the-influencing-factors-of-the-blood-levels-of-toxic-elements-in-africans-from-16-countries
#13
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Luis D Boada, Cristina Carranza, José Luis Pérez Arellano, Ana González-Antuña, Maira Almeida-González, Carlos Barry-Rodríguez, Manuel Zumbado, María Camacho
Africa's economy is growing faster than any other continent and it has been estimated that the middle class in Africa now exceeds 350 million people. This has meant a parallel increase in the importation of consumer goods and in the implementation of communication and information technologies (ICT), but also in the generation of large quantities of e-waste. However, inadequate infrastructure development remains a major constraint to the continent's economic growth and these highly toxic residues are not always adequately managed...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733160/triamcinolone-injection-for-treatment-of-mitrofanoff-stomal-stenosis-optimizing-results-and-reducing-cost-of-care
#14
P P Reddy, A C Strine, T Reddy, P H Noh, W R DeFoor, E Minevich, C A Sheldon, B A VanderBrink
INTRODUCTION: Stomal stenosis is the most common complication after the creation of a continent catheterizable channel (CCC), but is challenging to treat. OBJECTIVE: To describe early experience with triamcinolone injection for the treatment of stomal stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who had undergone a triamcinolone injection (40 mg/ml) for the treatment of stomal stenosis at the present institution...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733158/clinical-and-urodynamic-outcomes-in-children-with-anorectal-malformation-subtype-of-recto-bladder-neck-fistula
#15
A C Strine, B A VanderBrink, Z Alam, M Schulte, P H Noh, W R DeFoor, E Minevich, C A Sheldon, J S Frischer, P P Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARMs) have a high incidence of genitourinary anomalies. Those with a recto-bladder neck fistula may represent a high-risk group, but their long-term urologic outcomes are poorly described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and urodynamic outcomes in a large cohort of patients with an ARM subtype of recto-bladder neck fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of patients who had been treated for a recto-bladder neck fistula at the present institution since 2007...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732350/the-prevalence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-reproductiveaged-women-of-different-ethnicity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Tao Ding, Paul J Hardiman, Irene Petersen, Fang-Fang Wang, Fan Qu, Gianluca Baio
The prevalence of PCOS was investigated in many studies in different continents. However, there is no established prevalence of PCOS for distinct ethnic groups. In the current analysis, we conducted searches in PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL up to Jan. 2017 to identify studies reporting prevalence of PCOS in the general female population. Forty-two studies were identified, with 13 eligible for evidence synthesis. The prevalence among different ethnicity was estimated using random effect modelling...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732186/assessing-the-impact-of-surgeon-experience-on-urinary-continence-recovery-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-four-high-volume-surgeons
#17
Nicola Fossati, Ettore Di Trapani, Giorgio Gandaglia, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Paolo Umari, Nicolò Maria Buffi, Giorgio Guazzoni, Alexander Mottrie, Franco Gaboardi, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti, Nazareno Suardi
PURPOSE: To test the impact of surgeon experience on urinary continence (UC) recovery after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1477 consecutive patients treated with RARP by four surgeons between 2006 and 2014. UC recovery was defined as being completely dry over a 24-hour period at follow-up. Surgeon experience was coded as the total number of RARP performed by the surgeon before the patient's operation. Multivariable analysis tested the association between surgeon experience and UC recovery...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730615/vulvar-cancer-in-high-income-countries-increasing-burden-of-disease
#18
Yoon-Jung Kang, Megan Smith, Ellen Barlow, Kate Coffey, Neville Hacker, Karen Canfell
The aim of this study was to assess trends in the age-specific incidence of vulvar cancer in 13 high-income countries satisfying a priori conditions regarding the availability of cancer registry data over a 20 year period; these were Canada, USA, 9 European countries, Australia and Japan. Five-yearly incidence and population at risk were obtained from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents for the years 1988-1992 (Volume 7) to 2003-2007 (Volume 10). The 5-yearly average percent change (AvPC) over the 20-year period and standardised rate ratios (SRRs) for 2003-2007 vs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729661/surface-modification-of-anisotropic-dielectric-elastomer-actuators-with-uni-and-bi-axially-wrinkled-carbon-electrodes-for-wettability-control
#19
Kiwoo Jun, Donggyu Kim, Seunghwa Ryu, Il-Kwon Oh
Interest in soft actuators for next-generation electronic devices, such as wearable electronics, haptic feedback systems, rollable flexible displays, and soft robotics, is rapidly growing. However, for more practical applications in diverse electronic devices, soft actuators require multiple functionalities including anisotropic actuation in three-dimensional space, active tactile feedback, and controllable wettability. Herein, we report anisotropic dielectric elastomer actuators with uni- and bi-axially wrinkled carbon black electrodes that are formed through pre-streching and relaxation processes...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729224/robotic-placement-of-fenix-continence-restoration-system-in-a-patient-with-previous-radiation-to-the-pelvis-a-case-report
#20
Mariana Espinal, Christopher C DeStephano, Paulami Guha, Shilpa P Gajarawala, Anita H Chen, Paul D Pettit
Fecal incontinence (FI) is a disabling problem affecting women. Conservative treatment includes dietary modification, antimotility agents, and pelvic floor physical therapy. If conservative medical management is unsuccessful, surgical intervention may be required. Surgical options include rectal sphincteroplasty, bulking agent injection, radiofrequency anal sphincter remodeling procedure and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) therapy. Recently, a new therapy for FI, the FENIX Continence Restoration System has become available...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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